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Established ialr . 1856.
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11, 1900. TWELVE AGrS.
PBIGE FIVD GBNCa
iP II III w Ay JJWlUi
. . n-nn ( . L. C. Atkln-
il judd. Jr.)-Otnce
n ikVo'i bank. cor. Mer-
. ivDS' (W. C. Adll uu
j BERRY. Attoraey.a(-Law
'r'j ,,, ror. Km and Bethel
DICKEY.-Kln ami Bethel
lL m: : Q. box TS'j.
COOK'S MUSIC SCHOOL. Lore Cldg.,
Fort St.; Piano, Voice Culture, Sing
ing and larmony; especial attention
paid to touch, muscular control and
A'NIS MONTAGUE TURNER. Vocal
Studio, "MIgnon," 720 Beretania St.
cnrriC W. J0U. Suite 81. Mar
?S Chicago. Hawaiian
J oJSrli for Suite, of Illinois,
iJaOHIo. IndMna and W iscoa-
f pi:Ti:iU0N. 1. K-i.ihurua-
S!j, j A L'GL'It, Homeopathic
1 attentioa Kiv-
h nfiu-A houm 10 to
n.; 3 to 4 p. m.; 7 to 8 p. m.;
b;l,9:30 to W.m a- . "i. ioo.
S. E. LUCAS. Ixve IJldg., Fort St.,
upstairs; carries a full line of ALL
KINDS OK GLASSES from the
CHEAPEST to the BEST. Free ex
amination of the eyes.
IJU. A. C. FOSEY. Specialist for Eye.
Ear, Throat and Nose Diseases and
Catarrh; Masonic Temple; hours 8 to
12 a, m., 1 to 4 and 7 to 8 p. m.
P. S1LVA. Agent to take acknowledg
ments to instruments, district of Ko
na, Oiihu: at W. C. Achl'a office,
King St., Lear Nuuanu.
TOURISTS' GUIDE THROUGH HA
WAII. Price 60c; beautifully Illus
trated. For sale by all newsdealers.
A 3. CLEVELAND. M.D. Of
.K! King St.; hours 1 to 12 a. m.,
jp. m.; Tel. 630.
t r. t P.n a IT! I .Pr ictlca lim-
1 , 4, vj-' " -
iomrgjry and gynecology; office
residence, Hawaiian Hotel.
CORDON H01XJIN3. Office
w;Jence, Getlgfl Cottage, corner
Lrdt aad Hotel Sts.; office hours
11, 2 to 4. 7 to 8; Tel. 9-J.
rSUKI, M.D. Offlce and rei
i, Vineyard St. bet. Nuuanu St.
me stream. Office hours 8 to 1 1
to 8 p. m.
JUTAUURA. Office C30 Nuu-
3t: Tel. 531: P. 0. box 842: reii-
V;4.juinu St.; office hours 8
i m.; 1 to 3 and 6 to 8 p. m.
3AP1IAM Veterlanry Surgeon
DenUst; office King St. Stanlea;
Mi; calls day or night prornpt-
luwerel; specialties, obstetrics
'.ItOSSVIAN, D.D.S. Alake.i St.,
V iwm above Masonic Temple,
'fi.ii; oince hours 9 a. m. to
SHIPPING BILL APPROVED.
Chairman Orosvenor Presents the
Measure in the House.
WASHINGTON, March 31. The
Ilou.se Committee on Merchant Marine
nd Fisheries today approved the re
port on the shipping bill prepared by
Chairman Grosvenor, who later pre-
ented it to the House. It was decld-
(I, however, not to make It public un
til Monday, when a synopsis will be
iven out. The report Itself Is very
olumlnoufl, making about 150 pages.
nd covers the whole subject of mer-
hant shipping here and abroad. All
f the Republican members of the com
mittee concurred in the report.
The Democratic members announc-
d their purpose to make a minority
report, and were given until April to
present It. It will be a general dissent
from the bill and will not be accom
panied by any substitute.
THE SPANISH WRECKS.
B. HIGIl.-Phlladelohla Dental
H 1SJ2; Masonic Temple; Tel.
t M001E, Dentist Office 210
I 3t; office hours 9 to 12 and 1
C WALL DIL O. V. U'AI.I
p hours 8 a, m. to 4 p. m.; Love
I Fort St.: TeL 434.
. Contractor an A
f. Store and office fittings,
t tmoa sl; Tel. 702.
miors; an work neatly
f PATTTnn , r. ...j
' umuft, uric,
'.one buildinx; shop Palace
rj.uouc vvuuer Ave
I. XEII.I. A rn r
w , lan aDj Bolleruia
M?4.rj (n.xt to DlshoD & Co.
nuuni i pi
1 1-,. "'-liUHtPt rirn
A pi I n 9
I Work. Fort St;
IA a . ...I 1
r .w . . .
I 20 v wunds
Council of State Has
COURT OMMS UP
Many Orators Expounding Differin
Ideas Make the Hours
WASHINGTON, March 31. Attor
ey General Griggs has given an opln-
on to the Secretary of the Navy to the
fleet that the Secretary of the Treas
ury has complete authority In the mat
er of the disposition of the wrecks of
Spanish vessels along the shores of
'uba. The opinion of the Attorney
leneral on the question is of more
than ordinary importance, as it in
volve primarily the question of Unit
ed States jurisdiction in the question.
t Is addressed to the Secretary of the
Navy, and relates to the wreck of the
Spanish steamship Alphonso XIII,
which lies near the entrance to Marlel
harbor, and Is sought to be bought up
by private parties.
t Resolved, That It Is the sense
of the Council of State that the f
Hawaiian Government should f
pay all Just claims for losses
caused by the action taken by f
the Board of Health in connec- fi
tion with the suppression of the ?
bubonic plague; that Is, losses
r caused by the burning of houses, &
furniture and goods by direct ft
!t order of the Board of Health, as f
well as los?es caused by the ax- Tt
cldental spread of fir of Jan-
nary 20, 1900, and losses caused
by the fencing up of land on Ti
which houses have been burned, ft
. Further, that the Council of Ti
State moat earnestly advise Ti
the Executive Council to ap- T,
point a new Court of Claims of
live members, at least three of
i whom shall be business men. Ti
i April 11, 1900. Bolte's amend-
raent to Achl's resolution.
The Court of Claims h:vJ another
inning ye.terday In U'e Council of
State, and came out of it bartiy scarred.
Achl'a resolution attaching the ride of
the Court had the floor and a lively
debate resulted as soon as it was read
by the secretary. Nearly all the mem
bers of the Council took part in the
debate, and all the Ministers of the
Cabinet, except Mr. Young answered
for the Government. The opposition
on the part of the Members of the
Council wa3 particularly noticeable,
and threats were made that If the
Cabinet had no Intention of changing
the rules, the resolution would be left
on the table Indefinitely. Councilors
Bolte, Jones, Achl, Ka-ne, Kennedy
and Kaulukou kept up a running fire
of questions aimed at the Cabinet
Ministers, and spicy tilts occurred now
The Cabinet's contention is that the
Court of Claims is only appointed for
the purpose of ascertaining the legal
rtbSousibility for the hre losses, and
intimate that that Is the only inter
pretation that can be given to Secre
tary Hay's telegram, authorizing the
appointment of a "Court of CIaim3
to make awanU and Judgments,
in conformity with the Hawaiian law."
The Executive and Ministers take the
meaning of this teiegram to be that
the Court Itself is to be constituted
and CiOthed with legal authority "In
conformity with Hawaiian law."
On the other hand the majority of
the councilors are of the opinion that
the telegram authorizes the Court of
Claims to adjudicate the losses in con
formity with Hawaiian law; that the
duty of the court if to see that the
claims made are reasonable and just,
and when found so to the satisfaction
of the court, to pay them out of the
funds appropriated by the Council of
State or the Legislature. This majority
Claims the government 13 entirely re
sponsible, legally and morally, for all
losses Incurred by the people who have
suffered by the acts of the Board of
Health. The fire of January 20th, al
though for the greater loss accidental,
still was instigated by the Board of
Health. The councilors caiim there is
no question of the legal responsibility
of the local government.
The Cabinet members one by one
took up the cudgel In defense of the
policy of the government. Minister
Damon did not hesitate to express his
feelings In the matter by saying that
"revolutionary methods were becoming
more and more apparent in the de
velopments attending the suppression
of bubonic plague," and intimated that
the sooner calmer business methods
were employed in disbursing the gov
ernment funds, the better.
"We are suffering today," said he,
"from revolution. The whole trouble
in this community is revolution
against the ordinary correct processes
of law. We have gone beyond that cor
rect pro ess, when we asked the Pres
ident of the United States for authority
to hear these claims. He has granted
that Acting on that authority the
commissions of the members of the
Court have been signed, rules have
been promulgated, and advice has been
sought by the Executive of the best
legal talent in the community; from
some who were positively against the
establishment of this Court of Claims.
The rules have been made public; the
men have received . ihelr. commissions.
and while originally, it was my thought
that there should be two laymen In ibis
court, the more I have heard the mat
ter discussed, the more 1 am convinced
that there should be no laymen what
ever In the court."
Minister Damon's policy po freely ut
tered, and which was to all intents and
purposes, the policy of the Executive
Council, was directly opposed to that
of the Council of State.
When the Council was called to or
der. Councilors Bolte, Allen, Isenberg,
Achl. Kaulukou. Ena. Jones. Kennedy.
Ka-ne were at their desks, while a full
attendance of the Cabinet, including
the President was on hand.
Want a New Morgue.
Minister Young asked that the Coun
cil consider the request of the Board
of Health, calling for an appropriation
of $10,000 for a new morgue (building)
and appliances for the same, which is
to be erected near the present "pest
house." The petition was referred to
the Interior Department.
The report of the committee to which
was referred the Item for plumbing in
spectors at $6.0(K) for eighteen months
was read by Mr. Allen, who favored
such appointments. The report was
unsigned at the time and was not hand
ed in. Councilor Robinson read the re
port of the Committee on Public In
struction on the new Royal School ap
propriation of $75,000, which upon mo
tion of Mr. Kaulukou was laid on the
table to be considered with the bill.
The report Is published tteewhere in
Dr. Wood came in at this Juncture,
armed with books and statistics on fil
tration, but asked the Council to pro
ceed until he rouli! .irranRe his notes.
Ac ifa Itesoiutiou Again.
Mr. Kaulukou made a motion that
Achl's resolution be taken up from the
table and p 1 :s d. Bolte, however, arose
to discuss the resolution before a mo
tion could be put, and sa.d he would
not support th resolution in its pres
ent form. He thought it was better to
talk over the situation a little more.
The Council, he thought, had not at
tacked the Court of Claims ou account
of its personnel or because It was com
posed of legal lights entirely. Then ad
dressing President Dole directly the
councilor proceeded to discuss the
Court of Claims and the rules govern
ing It. step by tep. "The President
had said on January 22d that all of
the members of the court to be appoint
ed would be business men. The gov
ernment was certainly responsible for
all losses caused by the fires In the sup
pression of plague. He believed Secre
tary Hay'n telegram conveyed this
meaning. The losses should be looked
after immediately. President McKln
ley knew of this and his telegram was
intended to mean 'pay the losses.' The
word adjudicate, was not to adjudicate
as to whether the government is liable.
but too adjudicate the amounts and see
whether the claims are right as to
totals." He thought it quite possible
that many claims would be for a larger
sum than was proper, and that was
what the Court of Claims was for
to look out for such matters.
Business Man's Court.
The speaker was of the opinion that
business men should adjudicate these
losses and be felt they would get along
very much faster with the work than
a court of lawyers could. "Lawyers al
ways take a long time to adjudicate
matters." said Bolte emphatically. At
torney General Cooper smiled blandly
at this suggestion.
1 don't see how the liability of the
Government can be questioned at all.'
continued Councilor Bolte. "If I have
a fire in my yard and my neighbor's
house burns down on account of it, I
presume I would be held liable for it.
would I not?" A general nodding of
beads affirmed his statement.
The councilor reminded the Exec
utive Council that when a building on
Soutn street was condemned as plague
smitten, the people were brought into
the streets under guard prior to being
sent Into a detention camp. They had
their little hand bags and valises but
Nuuanu Valley Plant
SO SAYS DO, C, B.
(Continued on Page 2.)
COUNCIL OF STATE HEARS SECRETARY MANS0N READ COUNCILLOR
ACHI'S RESOLUTION ATTACKING THE COURT OF CLAIMS
2 s M r-;
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resident of the Board of Health Ad
dresses the Council of State
On the Subject.
A filtration plant in Nuuanu valley
s imperative. So says Dr. Wood, Pres
ident of the Board of Health. By spe-
lal Invitation, he appeared before the
Council of State yesterday to speak on
In his opinion the plan to establish
a filtration plant in the valley is not
only feasible but imperative on ac
count of the increase in deaths from
typhoid fever. He reiterated the state
mints made at the special meeting; of
the Board of Health some weeks ago,,
when the subject was given an ex
haustive treatment by him and pub
lished fully in the Advertiser.
He thought that if the Government
was to furnish the valley water for
use, it ought to filter it before allow-
ng it to be piped into houses. He did
not know whether it was economy to
try to pump artesian water to the
higher levels or not. Ills plea was
that Nuuanu valley water was not
free from contamination, and positive
ly ought not to be usod for domestic
purposes in. its natural ftate.
"I believe," said the doctor, "that
some arguments have been present
ed to the Council showing that typhoid
rever has weti' more prevalent in that
portion of the population of Honolulu
which makes use of arteiixn water. I
believe that Is true. But that does not
prove that Nuuanu water is good, and
arteian water, bad."
Dr. .Wood deplored the lack of sta
tistics in regard to typhoid fever cases.
It has never been reported as a dan
gerous sickness, or even as contagious.
The largest percentage of deaths has
occurred in the Queen's Hospital and
the Japanese Hospital, but there were
no statistics to show where these
cases originated. He had prepared a
map for the Board of Health, showing
the deaths from typhoid fever which
occurred in 1899. That map shows
that most of the cases outside the hos
pitals occurred where the artesian wa
ter is furnished, and mostly In China
town. Here people died where cess
pools existed and th soil was saturat
ed with bacteria, and they died because
the germs of the disease entered into
At a meeting of physicians a year
ago It was stated as an almost unani
mous opinion that there was no ty
phoid fever in Honolulu. That was his
own experience up to that time.
"I have found statements in my
books," continued the doctor, "that an
ordinary healthy American city with
the usual water supply, wlH have about
twenty-five deaths from typhoid fever
in each 100.000 people. Honolulu I
away beyond that. In 1899 the total
deaths diagnosed as typhoid fever were
forty-three; other fevers 100. Now
that statement on the face of it is ri
diculous! Typhoid fever is the most
fatal of contagious diseases that we
have here. Some call those fever rases
'Hawaiian fever.' These figures ought
to be reversed, and shoudl be to my
mind. 100 typhoid fever deaths and
forty-three from other fevers. That
makes our death rate 250 per 100,000,
nr about ten times greater than it is
in almost all European cities. Out of
forty-three post-mortems at the pest
house, from February 9 to March 31,
eleven were typhoid fever cases. 'Ha
waiian fever' is a term manufactured
in Honolulu, and is not on the books.
It Is used mostly by the Japanese phy
sicians. I asked one of them what bo
meant by the term. He said the ordi
nary fever which occurred in Honolu
lu. I asked whether it was typhoid or
malarial fever. To this he answered.
Oh, sometimes one and sometimes the
other.' In the Japanese Hospital
twenty deaths were put down to 'Ha
waiian fever,' and only two to typhoid.
"I don't want to prove that all thin
is due to the fact that Nuuanu wate
ls not filtered, but I do believe that i.'
the Nuuanu water is not to blim.
that it will be soon. It Is not -a '( I
logic for a little community like tin-
to set itself against the wor d. I be
lieve there are two reasons why Nuu
anu water has not caused typhoid;
one is that we have not had it lone
enough and the other is that people
are not yet living above the reservoirs.
You cannot always keep people from
living tip Nuuanu valley toward the
Pall. You cannot always say that peo
ple shall not live on the hillsides. When
they do, they are going to pollute the
hills, and the water will be polluted
with typhoid germs. This will not be
very long. We need all the water we
(Continued on rage J.)