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THE PACIFIC .,f. ' ADVERTISER. UONOLUmLV 12. .90.
10 - HOW PELEE LOST HER HEAD -f 4 SCIENTIFIC 1 A curious division of people !;-. classes by varying t-unshine trie -1 in the valleys of the Alps. M. Bum- n notes that in the principal v i"loy .f Canton Valais the villages ore m-nr'y all on the sunny side, and in .-Me dis trict, where the two slopen ar? a'H?ut equal, the shady side ha only abo.i cue-fourth as great a population is t other. The ieople of the tuinny nil",-, moreover,, are much more prot-pen a and better educated. 'ZOS OF LAVA A ASHES j&mWmC WWCtf ACTS AS A STOPPEG. -smmmmm. and. AND fZSiVNT ERUPTiONS 4MMMMMMtMM & ft; ... ' ! "t- A BASE-BALU5T IN PRAYER MEETING His nose . had been knocked a little awry. Hut his glance was straight and true; And the three fingers left on his bit? right hand Gripped hard on the back of his pw. And he said: "My friends, I am off my base When I stand in a box here like this; But I feel, when the umpire says, 'Play ball,' That we all ought to play, hit or miss. "When we sign with the church we're expected to play Every day, hot or cold, rain or shine; And I tell you, my friends, a very Strong game Is put up by Satan's nine! .i "If we come to bat in the strength of the Lord, , . - Grip the willow for giving hard knocks. We'll Just get onto the devil's curves And knock him clean out of. the box! I "Sometimes we line her out for two bags, Steal third in most elegant state. But get stuck on ourselves, take too many risks. And Ket niDDed by Old Nick at the plat! "And plenty of times when your side's about out You seemed doomed to die on a base. But whenever you hear your Captain . say 'Go, Get away at your very best pace! "Never mind what the crowd say, j hard for home! Slide in on your face! Tear your clothes! There's an Umpire above who will know if you're in. His judgment is right, and it 'goes.' Ex. STEVENSON'S OLD HOME. I am, much disappointed in Apia From Robert Louis Stevenson's letters and the fuss which the town has made ia the international history of the re cent past, I expected to find it a city. It is a shabby little village of SoO for eigners. There-are 200 British and 150 Germans, with a few Americans and French for good measure. The town is right on the sea, and it runs around the V. ,-K- T ta mnAa tin nf inl p-n 1 OW- shaped buildings roofed with galvanized iron. A great crowd of Samoans came down to greet the steamer, and the whole population of foreigners was out for the same purpose,,; I went up to the Tivoli Hotel and have made this my headquarters dur ing my stay. The. town itself is easily exhausted. It has a half dozen business houses, engaged in shipping, cacao and copra and in furnishing the natives with different kinds of fancy goods, cottons and tinned stuffs. There are two photographers, a lot of Consuls and a baker's dozen or so of German officials. The Germans are now doing the bulk of the trade and they are gradually gobbling up the plantations. I rode up to Robert Louis Steven son's home. It now belongs to a Ger man, and the cacao plantation upon which he sweat so profusely was "bought at half price by a German planter. This planter has materially added to the house and is fast destroy ing all vestiges of Stevenson. He has a sign over the gate in half a dozen languages beginning "Eingang verbo ten" and going on to say in English, French and Samoan. that strangers are prohibited from coming inside the gate. Robert Louis Stevenson's tomb is over grown with weeds and. the pilgrimages to it from the incoming ships are less every year. Frank G. Carpenter. WHERE THE COLOR LINE ENDS. There may be mulattoes, quadroons and octoroons, but the eighth blooded negro is the last possibility in ' that progression. No one has even seen, as far as we can learn, a human being of one-sixteenth negro blood. No pure blooded Caucasian and octoroon have been known to have issue. Many years,ever attempted in journalism has orig ago. Just after the close of the civil j mated in Russia and is headed: "A war, when Bishop Newman was advo- Column from the Other World," the eu cating.the amalgamation idea in New . itor and proprietor going on to say Orleans, one of the most famous physi-Jwith great naivete that they have noth rians and ethnologists of that city . ing whatever to do with the statements offered a reward of $1,000 to any per-1 made or the questions answered by son who would bring to his knowledge . their "invisible assistant," who pre a human being of one-sixteenth negro ' sumably is a ghost that has opened a uioou. .i one ever claimed the re ward. That particular product no man has ever yet found on earth. From the ctoroon the reversion to type is the only available direction. Atlanta Con stitution. TRAIN STOPPED TO COLLECT TAXES The "other day. Just as a train was aooui to ieae fvutas, in Hungary, for . salesman asked him what he nmnu Palfalva, an official appeared and put faetured. seals on the wheels of the engine. Thei -i mej. pants." he replied, passengers had to get oft and walk. The "How do you want to buy thes? company was 296 crowns in arrears in I COods?" payment of taxes. Next day the taxes were paid and the train proceeded. To illustrate immensity and minute ness, Mr. J. E. Gore cites the fact that me nearest fixed star is 2.1,009 times as far away as the sun. and that a specimen of certain infusoria can lie .between two lines of an inch space divided into 25,000 parts. , t The varying color of a vacuum tube containing krypton seen by some as lilac and by others as green is ex- -Plained by Prof. W. Ramsay to de-' pend on the size of the yellow spot of the retina. VIRTUES OF THE PINEAPPLE The partaking of a slice of pineapple after a meal Is quite in accordance with physiological indications, since, though it may not be generally known, fresh pineapple juice contains a re markably active . digestive principle ( similar to pepsin. This principle has I . termed "bromelin." and so power- bftomin will digest as much as 1000 times its 1 n i is na clv. livi v v y - .pj?ht within a few hours. Its diges tive activity varies in accordance with the kind of proteid to which it i3 sub jected. Fibrin disappears entirely af ter a time. With the coagulated albu men of eggs the digestive process is slow, while with the albumen of meat its action seems first to produce a pulpy gelatinous mass, which, however, com pletely dissolves after a ihnrt time. When a slice of fresh pineapple is placed upon a raw beefsteak the sur face of the steak becomes gradually gelatinous, owing to the digestive ac tion of the onzyme of the juice. Of course, it is well known that di gestive agents exist in other fruits, but when it is considered that an average sized pineapple will yield nearly two pints of juice it will be seen that the digestive action of the whole fruit must be enormous. The activity of this pe culiar digestive agent is destroyed In the cooked pineapple, but unless the pineapple is preserved by heat there is no reason why the tinned fruit should not retain the -digestive power. The active digestive principle may be ob tained from the Juice by dissolving a large quantity of common salt in it when a precipitate is obtained possess ing the remarkable digestive powers just described. Unlike pepsin, the digestive principle of the pineapple will operate in an acid, neutral, or even alkaline medium, according to the kind of proteid to which it is presented. It may there fore be assumed that the pineapple enzvme would not only aid the work of" digestion in the stomach, but would continue that action in the intestinal tract. Pineapple, it may be added, contains much indigestible matter in the nature of woody fiber, but it is quite possible that the decidedly di gestive properties of the juice compen sate for this fact. Lancet. AMBROSE BIERCE AS A PIG. Ambrose Bierce, while out in San Francisco recently, visited the new house ol an old friend, a gentleman of Irish extraction. The hostess evidently took great pride in the house, the fur nishings of which were new and beauti ful and gave every evidence of taste and refinement. Mr. Bierce, who has an eye for beautiful, gave unstinted praise to everything he saw. "But," he said, '"I am sorry to see that your house, beautiful as it is. lacks one ornament which no Irish house should be without." "What is that?" she asked, " unsus piciously. "A pig," replied Mr. Bierce, with a satisfied chuckle. The hostess eyes sparkled. "It did," she said, indignantly, "but you have supplied the want. New York Times. ; HM ; ABOUT F.MARION CRAWFORD. An English writer has the following to say of a popular American novelist: "I was surprised when I met Marion Crawford today down at Sarah Bern- hardt's theater. He had been super vising the rehearsals of 'Francesca da Rimini.' and was very, happy with the enthusiasm of Sarah in the work. As we drove back together the brilliant author told me that he could count on his fingers the days that he had been in England during, the last twenty years. Southern Italy was to him a paradise. Marion Crawford is a burly man, almost horse guards blue in his gait, but I should imagine of very del- tate temperament. Although the day was mild and a jacket was sufficient for the ordinary man, he buttoned up his overcoat tp the cheek bones and then seemed chilly." SPIRITUALISTIC JOURNALISM. One of the most, uncommon efforts '"bureau" for the benefit of those de siring to orld. communicate with the spirit HIS NOTE. An ambitious Philadtiphian who wished to start in business for himself applied to a wholesale woollen mer chant and obtained credit for $400. Th "The best vey I can." was the an- swer. "How will you pay for them?" "Veil. I gif you my note for four mont's." "Is your note good?" The buyer looked around, winked to the salesman, and put his finger on his .nose. "My vriend." he said, with the air of one who is about to impart a confidence, "if my note vas goot, I vould make notes, not pants " . . . '"i1! .'' ,3J5 for 2. doe - and 5,)c Sf l7.ihpK.tUer; 'eaving t co",5 .the 325' or $1.62 per ':.':.'::y FLUID 3 -fc' DIAGRAM SHOWING HOW VOLCANIC EXPLOSION IS CAUSED. A study of the above picture will show how the molten mass in the mountain's interior met the water, and how the steam generated thereby, following the line of least resistance, blew off the top of the volcano. HAWAIIAN OPIUM TRADE. DARING RISKS RUN BY CHINESE SMUGGLERS, WHO DEFY GOVERNMENT AND TRUST THEIR COUNTRYMEN. When sugar growing first brought Hawaii's name before the world the white planters finding that no depend ence could be placed upon native labor, began to import Chinese coolies. With him John brought over many of his . . I. . . - - shipload of coolies: arrived at Honolulu the demand for the poppy juice in- creased proportionately. In those early days a native pipIeti ruled Hawaii ruled to all sov- out- tint eham Yankee! ward appearance native customs. amunK u. u u"tu the revenue officers as practiced of opium. Thus was born the Hono-jhajld3 at iniporting the "stuff," but so lulu opium trade. As shipload after cunningly had they operated that none rr.erchants pulled the strings behind the'ered ' the ring" on shore especially, for throne. The King was well aware of . they were wholesale dt-ulers, and, more it but as each pull poured a shower of , over, made no secret of it. gold into his lap he raised no objections, j Besides, he had a live interest in some of th. business deals himself. I With the increase of the Chinese pop-j ulation the white merchants saw a new field for enterprise the importation of opium. But at first it did not pay. The bulk of opium was small in comparison to its value, arid all the sailors km inc om ing ships brought chestfuls of it. This competition made profits comparatively small. So the strings were pulled, ami the King declared opium contraband to be strictly excluded from the coun-' tiy, except as medicine. Then the trade became profitable. Opium could be' bought in San Francisco for from $9 f $12 a pound, could be smuggled into Honolulu, and there sold for $60. a prof- it of 500 per cent. A fairly good reve-, nue service killed off too much compe-' tition, and smuggling became a safe .nH ,nH,Mft KViou tr, th npmhprs of "the ring" profitable to outsiders, also, but not safe. I t The establishment of the steamship lines between the Orient and San Fran cisco, via Honolulu was a great blow to the business. The men in the crews bought their "dope" in Hong Kong for $2 a-pound, and smuggled great quanti ties into Hawaii. Prices fell a half, and there remained steady. In regard to the smuggling of opium into Hawaii a former Quartermaster on MIDSUMMER ONE OF THE NEW j I jilti a Pacific steamer gives the following account from his personal experiences: Some years ago, before the acquisi tion of the Islands by the United States, I was quartermaster on a steamer that made regular trips between Honolulu and San Francisco. We had as part I of our crew a number of men known of them had ever been actually cap tured, although the revenue officers had made several desperate, efforts to do so. There was not a soul aboard the s.hip that did not have secret dealings with the Chinese ashore but it was these half dozen men in particular that both- One of these men, a quartermaster ana my waicn mate, was repuieo iu uc the rn-t daring of the lot. He was a quiet Iittie fellow, with a mild voice and quiet manner. "Billy, as 1 will call him, had belonged to "the ring" in former days, but some quarrel or uisagreement over a division of spoils had caused him to withdraw and start out independently. From that moment he became a marked man. But that was as far toward his capture as they ever got. "Billy marked some of the n several later occa- shore gang, too sions. or their tools, ratner. lor tney "r did thir " "Shting. Often on our night watches when the decks were deserted, save by us. -Billy" and I would, pace up and down the bridge, he entertaining me with tales of his past life and escapades, Some of the means that he employed n Passing his illicit merchandise ashore we,e unique., The stuff was packed in small five tael (half pound) tins, re sembling matchboxes. On one occasion "Billy" concealed a dozen of these tins in a bundle of magazines, made hollow by cutting a square hole through all but the top and bottom magazines. The customs officer searched him thorough ly, but never for a moment suspected the bundle of reading matter. This trick was played successfully every trip for years, One night "Billy was not so lucky FASHIONS. SHIRT WAISTS. It was our watch on deck until mid night. By 10 o'clock the decks were practically deserted. The vessel was anchored out some distance from the wharves. Shortly after 10 o'clock a shore boat crept out under our stern. "Billy," with three of the crew, drop ped down into her from the taffrail, and the boat slipped off Into the gloom that enveloped the shore. In case of In quiry from any superior officer I was to explain my watch mate's absence with some plausible story. It was past 11 o'clock when I heard the report of a gun, followed by the doleful wail of a bullet over the bay. Looking up toward the Walklki beach above the town I saw the flash of guns, and several more shots followed. This continued for several minutes, then all was quiet again. Midnight .was approaching and my uneasiness was increasing. "' I coulJ think of no possible story to excuse "Billy's" absence to the relieving offi cer who would come on deck then. So quiet was the night that I could plainly hear the warehouse watchman cough on fl.'p steamship wharf. But no signs of "Billy." Ten minutes before 12 a phosphores cent glow in tile water at th foot of the gangway attracted my attention. A moment later "Billy" crawled up the steps, wet and bedraggled. The night's adventure had cost him $.00: A revenue launch had spotted them within 100 yards of the beach. I!reape with the boat would have been impossible, so the smugglers threw their opium overboard. Hearing the splashes the revenue officers opened fire with their rifles. Unable to make a fight of it the smugglers sprang into the bay. "Billy," being a good swim mer, struck out for the ship, two miles distant, while the others escaped ashore, coming aboard early in th mornirg watch. The captured boat was identified as belonging to a boat man ashore long suspected of crooked work, but as nobody could disprove hL-i assertion that the boat had been stolen from his landing the case was dropped for lack of legal evidence. The follow ing day "Billy" was accosted on the rr ..boat' wharf by one of the revenue oi!:. rs: "Well. 'Billy,' we almost nabbed you last night." "But you didn't," sai.l "Billy" coolly, "so the drinks are on you." The ex cise man grinned sheepis-'y and stood the drinks. A great deal of the smusgling was J accomplishc-d by small sloops or j sc hooners. They would load at Van- j couver. B. C, where opium cost only $!. Sailing dow n to the Islands, they ' would land their goodsunder cover of a.daik night. When such an enter- prise was successfully accomplished the entire brotherpn -i, 0f smugglers knew it by the change in the market, as the price dropped several dollars. "Billy" declared that every ton landed meant a fall of $1. Sometimes these s-chooners were captured, as their own ers seldom belonged to "the ring," their intention being to make one grand haul and then retire from business. The methods of the men In the inner "ring" were simple enough. A certain merchant would have a consignment of petroleum or matches or tinned fruits sent to nun by steamer freight. These Roods were marked ." and the rev enue officers understood. Once h shore, the stuff was easily disposed of. "Billy" one day pointed out to me a small Chinese ciir store In King Ktreei. "That." he said, "is ,h Sinn's Joint. I ileal with hin i." The iriipli.it confidence the smug Kl' is had in their Miisc confederates was remarkable. They would l.-ac several hundred dollars' worth of ih" stuff in a Chinaman's charge, not ask ing even ;i receipt in return. A day or t,,o later would turn up abiird tiie hip, ostensibly to nolii ii wash. "low iiiiiclice'.'" he would ask his cnuiior, taking him aside. "Two fifty, John." .John would fiitebl- reluctantly in Koine mysterious jxuket. "Too muchee," he would protest. If he could beat his man down a few dollars he did so. but if he couldn't In laid down the full amount in gold. On one occasion "Billy' was taken si.-k in San Francisco, which oblisii! him to'niisfl several trips. Hospital expenses soon exhausted all his money. Ah Sing, in Honolulu, owed him $."0. As a last hop? "Billy" wrote to him. explaining his situation. By return mall he received 1100 from Sing. A note was inclosed, written In excellent P.nglish: "I send you 50 extra guess you will An improvement in npotrnt.js fi r depositing thin films cl--trie-ally I claimed by Herr Kndruwelt, of B mi. An endless metal band Is used in : Junction with the usual electroly.v baths, and this band, first coate 1 .vi ( potassium sulphide and washed, : ceives a nickel film on passage thriu.:i the nickel solution. This film Is bark ed with copper in a similar copj r solution, a further backing with touli paper being applied before strijijilr. Rolls of paper . with a brilliant r.lck -I surface may be thus produced, u.:id these may have a variety of applk.t tlons. Colored and embossed. :h-y make attractive wall-papvrs anl sliov. -cards. Electricity for stimulating t:ie growth of cereals, vegetables art i th-r plants has been tried In many ;i:- ments by Dr. Selim Loinstrou., tr.e Norwegian investigator. On arable land of medium quality an iirr- is? -t 43 per cent In the crops has been ob tained, but the increase Is greater in proportion to the care in cultivati n. The effect is trifling on poor soil. Tiv electric current proves injurious to most if not all plants in hot nun- shine, and such plants as peas, cab bages and turnips are favorably in fluenced only after watering. Kstf- mates of cost lead Dr. I'ringsheim to conclude that electricity In agriculture will pay. It was formerly supposed th:ix t'.u? tides of the Bay of Fundy may ha ve a range of 70 feet or more, but a f c v years ago Mr. W. Bell Dawson show 1 this to be an exaggeration. His li te observations confirm the oonclud n. The rangre of the greatest spring tids at Noel Bay is 50 feet and th.-a neap tides la 43V4 feet; at Horton Bit ft the ranges are 48 feet and 40 feet. Th highest tide on record, the "fnx:-y tide" of 1869, rose 53 feet above t.i lowest point to which the water h i been known to ebb out. This tide . 29.24 feet above mean sea level, a d the lowest level of low water kiv m was 23.76 fee-t below mean sec i I. Radium, the most active of th- new elements emitting nvisib! i;d. tionp. his been proven -by Prof. C,- . F. Parker to be a cheap iind -fJVie,il substitute for X-ray apparatus f v photographing internal parts of the. body. When the hand was place 1 be tween the metal and the sensitive plate, a picture showing the bones u is taken in half a minute. Asi'k fn v. this valuable property, radium rays act like Roentgen rays in producir.g phosphorescence and' discharging eb-e-trified bodies. Radium is one of the greatest of puzzles on account of l:s anomalous expenditure of energy with out appearing to lope any or to receive any from the sunlight or other source. Wood sleepers for railways '.i:iv tn1 disadvantage of .short life un.itr l most favorable conditions, arid in warm climates they are quickly fdroyed by ius.'ets and vegetable para sites. Creosoting. while adding sorr." what to the durability, gives re; -d risk from fire. ii n. .-ioe. ; ,;irl-e-and tempered glass have be-n t r I -' 1 . but all have proven more or 1 un suitable for sleepers. The m-rils yf armored cement, which lin ;;rrv-n very effective in beamn and uirdc-s, are urged by M. Michel Sard. S!" ; ers of this material would cos? s-. f " more than those of iron and Ihi times as much as those of wood, 1 mi they would be indestructible, wl. giving a more stable roadway, and !?. is claimed that in HO years they wo-.M yield a large saving. The available coal yet stored In the earth in Oermany is estimated by Pr 'f. Ferdinand Fischer, of flottlngen, at lfiO.000 million tons; in Kngland. or Iv 81,500 million tons: in Belgium. Ai.- tria-Hungary and France, about 17,.oo million tons each. The store of Rus.-ia hut imperfectly known. North America can produce C.M.OO ) lilll n tons, and Baron von Itiet Jiof - h i stated that China hns n supply nsarly c.s great. Japan, Horned anl Nt v South Wales have considerable coal; Africa, an unknown quantity. Ger many's coal should last another thou sand years, but Kngland's supply will begin to show signs of exhaustion within fifty years. In the United States the production has Increasl from about 6.200,000 tons in 1891 to nearly 4.".000,oo0 in 1!01. The effect of Intestinal bacteria up on digestion continues to attract ex perimenters. Confining chickens In germ-free cages and feeding them w:ih sterilized food. Prof. Schottelius Law found that they ute ravenously an l evideiirVy digested well, but 1 ,st strength and flesh. Other tests gtv positive proof of the necessity of In testinal bacteria to nutrition. Chickens hatched (n germ-free quarters thrived on sterilized food for a week, wh n they began to decline in weight and strength, and they were then divhi d into a group fed on sterilized food and one given food containing bacteria. Those of the Hrst group all died ir. a few days, while the others grew rap idly and were soon indistinguisha Mo from other chickens of the poultry yard. These result! confirm thos of Mine. Metcbniko.T. who has record d a greatly retarded growth in tadpr '. kept entirely on sterilized food. need it. You can pay me back n xt trip. SING." Where the opium is smoked by tin" Honolulu Chinamen I never learned. I heard of only one place in the out skirts of the town, the entrance to which was through a tomb in the cem etery. A grinning skull was carved over the door. Since the establishment of our Government there this place was raided, together with all other retreats ef the same c haracter. But the larfiesf percentage of the stuff went to the ptantati. on the other islands. N-w Vork Tribune.