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l PAGES 1 T0&W' 1 f - 'I -f ESTABLISHED JULY I, 1S5S. J ! il t ! I M i ; 1 .-. ! 1 1 n. f i 1 M ! 1 ! f 1 i r..-s ! M h s-4 F S, M n VOL XXXV., NO. 6270. HONOLULU, HAWAII TERRITORY, THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 11, 1902. ' PRICE FIVE CENTS. CIRCUIT SEEK INDEMNITY FROM JAPAN PELEPS " JUDGE NOT FOR LOSS OF 'MARCUS ISLAND TERRIBLE APPOINTED President to Name No One Before October. FINE SPEECHES BY ROOSEVELT Hawaiian s Buildings Big Check Coming Extra Session ;v":':-Talk. After exactly two months' absence; V. A T : n tt9 Tin i . j ! tb Honolulu yesterday afternoon from Marcus Island, Captain Rosehill and party failing to obtain possession. Six teen armed Japanese marines from the Japanese warship Kasagi were found on guard on the island, under com mand of Lieut. Akinote. The party was refused a landing except in small de tachments. Mr. Sedgwick of the Bishop Museum and three sailors obtained specimens and samples of the guano and phosphates which average quite high. After remaining on the island six days the little party was ordered off and instructions given to Captain Rosehill to sail away, which he did. A claim for indemnity against the Jap anese government .will be presented by the Marcus Island Company through Action Determined on After the Ar rival of Schooner Julia E. Whalen. Captain Rosehill Stayed on Disputed Island for Six Days and Was Then Politely Told to Move Off by Japs. Lastly, the Julia sold. E. Whalen will be (Special to the Advertiser.) WASHINGTON, D. 0., Aug. 2?. By this mall or that of the following" day on the Sonoma, the territorial authorK ties willprobably receive a warrant for about $140,000 from the federal govern ment. The Auditor for the Treasury Department has been casting up the ac count today and Chief W. P. MacLen nanj of the division of bookkeeping and warrants, said this afternoon that he expected the money due the Territory in the sum mentioned would reach Ho nolulu within two weeks. This is interest due on the bonded debt of Hawaii, which the Federal gov ernment assumed at the time of an nexation. The interest to the amount of about $150,000 was paid by the Ter ritorial government and now the Fed eral government, under the terms of annexation, has to make reimburse ment. Gov. Dole applied to the Interior ' Department recently for the payment of this sum of $150,000 and the mat ter was referred to the Treasury De partment, where a decision to settle partially was reached. . Mr. MacLennan, who made a trip to Hawaii last year for the purpose of settling up the bonded indebtedness, which the United States assumed, said today that there remained unsettled of the principal about $6,000. "When I was In Hawaii," he added, "I closed out all these bonds except about $31,000. Since that time zae remainder of the outstanding bonds hive been coming in in ' driblets. Of ths London loan there remains outstanding only 100, or about $500, while on the loan placed in the islands there is still about $5,000 outstanding. We do not know where these bonds are but as they come in they are paid and cancelled. Because of this small sum outstanding, it was decided not to pay the interest due in full. We understand here that the money may be used towards liquidat ing some of the Hawaiian fire claims." NO CIRCUIT JUDGE YET. Circuit Judge Humphreys' successor will not be appointed before October. That is the information vouchsafed at the Department of Justice. President Roosevelt is keeping informed in a gen eral way of the press of candidates but, unless the unexpected happens, he will not take up the case till after he has completed his tours of several States, Including states of the southwest and not until Attorney General Knox has returned from . France, where he has gone to inquire into matters pertain ing to the purchase of the Panama canal. The outlook now Is that At torney General Knox will not return for six weeks, although he may pos sibly return a little sooner. Papers regarding candidates for the judgeship are still coming in at the Department, but as I wrote in my last letter, the strictest secrecy regarding the names is observed there, follow ing the general rule. As Hawaiians, who are often here in Washington, are now all out of town, it is quite im possible to get anything definite about the personality and strength of these candidates, except that the candidate, whom the Hawaiian lawyers have gen erally endorsed, is regarded as the most probable selection. President Roosevelt has been holding up practically all important appoint ments, during his sojourn at Oyster Bay, the only exception being the ap pointment of a justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. For weeks the business of the District of Colum bia has been at a partial standstill for the lack of a third commissioner, in rlace of Commissioner Ross, lately de ceased. But to numerous people the President has indicated that he does not intend to take up the task of filling ffices until he has had his summer vacation. THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECHES. The public prints in this section of (Continued on Pago 4.) the island has been continually and al-' a country with which Japan entertain most regularly visited by Japanese fish- relations of sr omviini nihhrrhnnH the State Department at Washington, ing and hunting vessels; and on all such ! Believe me. dear sir isils, mc isia.uu va.a iuuhu 10 ub eu- , xours most sincerely, tirely uninhabited and unoccupied. In I K. ISHII, 1896 these periodical visits were turned Secretary to the Imperial Ministry , of out in a permanent occupation, more ; Foreifm Affairs. ithan twenty of our Ogasawara (Bonin) ! To Captain A. A. Rosehill. Islanders having now resolutely settled 'in the island: and ever since then the A demand was made upon Lieut. Aki i island has been in the continuous and noe tnat he give to Captain Rosehill THE VOYAGE OF THE WHALEN. The schooner Julia E. Whalen which sailed from Honolulu on July 10 for Marcus Island arrived there July 30, losing one day in crossing the meri dian and making the run of 2800 miles in nineteen days, actual time. At 2 o'clock in the afternoon a boat contain ing Captain Rosehill and Messrs. Bryan and Sedgwick of the Bishop Museum with two sailors effected a landing. They were received by Lieut Akinote of the Royal Japanese navy and sixteen armed marines drawn up in line at the landing. Captain Rosehill presented to Lieut. Akinote, who could speak En glish, his license under the seal of the Department '.of State giving him the right to remove the guano deposits on Marcus and to occupy the island for that purpose. Hs also presented a document in Japanese obtained in Ho nolulu stating that he visited the island for the purpose of examining the ex tent and value of the guano beds and also to collect specimens of flora and fauna for the Bishop Museum, and that no interference would be made with any rights that the government of Ja pan or the Japanese fishermen on the island might have. The lieutenant received him courte ously and presented in turn a letter from Minister Buck, the American rep resentative at Tokio, which letter Cap tain Rosehill has mislaid. The sub stance of the letter was to theeffect that Captain Rosehill should precipitate no conflict between the representatives of the Japanese government and the officers and crew of the Whalen, and as far as possible remit all questions of ownership to the island or his rights therein for settlement by the State de partments of the two governments. Captain Rosehill was also presented with the following communication from the Japanese Imperial Minister of For eign Affairs: JAPAN'S OFFICIAL COMMUNICA TION. The Minaml Torishlma, ' July 29th, 1902. Dear Sir, Toward the middle of this month Mr. Takahira His Imperial Japanese Majes ty's Minister at Washington wired to his government reporting that accord ing to some American papers you were leaving Honolulu on the 11th Inst. In an expedition to Marcus Island to which you had just been granted title by your government. Immediately on receipt of the above intelligence, the Imperial Government on the one hand telegraphed to their representative at Washington instruct ing him to inform the United States Government of the legitimate previous acquisition by Japan of the Island, and have decided, on the other hand, to dispatch to the spot a fast cruiser with an official of the Foreign Office on board her, for the protection of their rights and in order to meet you and explain to you an account of our ac quisition of the Island and also in or der to avoid any possible misunder standing between the Japanese subjects on the island and your crew. It was under such circumstances and with such ends in view that the "Ka sagi" of the Imperial Navy -was ordered to this island under the command of Captain Sakamoto and that I was com missioned here on board her. On the eve of our start. Colonel Buck, the United States Minister to Japan under instructions of his Government asked Baron Komura, the Im perial Minister for Foreign Affairs, for the transmission of his dispatch ad dressed to you through the official he was then sending. I was accordingly instructed to hand you the despatch which I now beg to enclose to you here with. The "Kasagi" left the Bay of Tokio on the 23rd Inst, and it was on Sunday last that we arrived at this island. Upon your arrival which we estimat ed would soon follow ours, supposing you had left the Hawaiian port on the 11th as reported, I was particularly in structed to see you and explain to you our title to the island based as it does on the following facts: "The island popularly known as Marcus Island has been, since compar atively early times, not unfrequently spoken of among the Japanese sailors of the adjacent regions; and since 1S79 undisputed occupation of Japan. a translation of the instructions left; In view of such continued activity on with him by Captain Sakimoto of the the part of our enterprising people and Imperial Japanese snip Kasagi, and a of the growing importances, and copy of these Instructions was accord- considerable dimensions assumed by. our interests in these waters, the Im perial Gov't felt the necessity of tak ing certain official and formal steps so as to prevent any international compli cations which long negligence on their part in this respect might possibly give rise to. And In fact such official and formal step was taken in 1898. In the Tokio Prefectural Ordinance under date of the 24th July of the same year, the island was incorporated in the Ogasa wara (Bonin) Group and put under the jurisdiction of the Tokio Prefecture, and official name of the Mlnami Tori shlma (South Birds Island) was given to it. Encouraged by this Government al1" measure, the Japanese settlers set firmer foot in the soil and the con sequence was gradual and steady prog ress of the colonization and extention of the industry in this Japanese posses sion beyond seas." It is now about three days that we have been staying off the island vainly waiting your arrival. We were finally led to suspect that you might not have left Honolulu on the 11th Inst, as re ported. The coal, moreover, beginning to fall short, it was with much reluc tance that we decided to return for coaling without being able to meet with you. I accordingly have to recapitu late in this note what I should have personally pointed out to you. I sincerely hope that you will agree with me in thinking that the facts of the case as above stated would conclusively establish the validity . of our title. Should they however fail to secure your adhesion, I need scarcely call your attention to the fact that the matter should be negotiated through the diplomatic channel between the two Governments and that no measure in compatible w-ith our right of prior pos session and occupation should be taken in the meantime. I have to ask you for the sake of precaution that you should take necessary steps against your crew resorting to any hostile acts. On this side Captain Sakamoto and myself have not failed to give order both to the inhabitants and the men whom the Captain temporarily leaves on the island that confident upon your sense of justice "they (Should under ingly furnished. The instructions read as follows; "Order Jto the Second Lieutenant Aki note: Our ship shall return to the naval port Yokosuka for the purpose of coaling. I will remain you here; you shall do your duty fully according the order which is written after. (Signed) Captain Sakimoto. Mina mitorishima, July 27, Meji 25. "1. When Captain Rosehill arrive at this island give him the letters of the American ambassador and of Mr. Ishii. ! 2. If you see that he will not leave the island after you gave two letters to-tho-Captain, ask him to. leave there as soon as he can, but give him your maximum facilities and kindness to; him when he ask you to mend the wrecksof his ship. 3. If he ask to land on the island do not permit it, but when he ask you the landing of his crew for. tie health,, permit it five men at a time with some responsible man. 4. I will stay here fifteen seamen un der your control." After some conferences the Japanese lieutenant, who seemed disposed to be accommodating, agreed to allow Messrs. Bryan and Sedgwick to stop on the isl and for a short time, but would not permit any of the sailors or officers of the Whalen to remain. The lieutenant gave them a small wooden house in which to reside. They had their own provisions and were allowed to pur chase water from the Japanese fisher men. : Two days later further representa tions being made the Japanese lieuten ant permitted three of the sailors to land and remain for the purpose of aiding Mr. Sedgwick in the work of examining the guano deposits. The men and Mr. Sedgwick were attended during their subsequent labors by one or more of the guard of marines. The work of drilling and blasting holes through the rock phosphate deposits down to the coral required considerable time. A few holes were sunk in dif ferent parts of the island and deposits no circumstance provoke the citizens of i of crown mould guano averaging about oooooocooocoooc REPUBLICANS WILL RATIFY THE PARTY NOMINATIONS Centra! Committee Completes Its Organization and Prepares for a Great Mass Meeting. The Republican Central Committee last night perfected its permanent or ganization anu got down to work. The first plan perfected was that for a great ratification meeting Monday night next, when there will be such a pro gram as promises to attract more than enough Republicans to fill the Orpheum. It was quite a time before a quorum could be obtained and finally sixteen votes were found. Secretary Atkinson reported that the registration commit tee had secured the services of C. B. Wilson to watch registration and list the voters. He also reported from the campaign literature committee tnat the speech of Senator Thurston had been translated and that certain other mat ter sent down by Chairman of the Con vention Holstein was being edited. W. C. Achi suggested that a circular be used instead of a pamphlet, as the Hawaiians would read these before throwing them away whereas a book would be put away and never read. This was contrary to the idea of Mr. Holstein and the committee was grant ed further time to complete its work. Coming to the election of officers C. L. Crabhe, nominated by J. W. Jones, was elected by the unanimous vote of the members present. J. H. Fisher was nominated by Keen and elected unanimously and A. L. C. Atkinson nominated by J. P. Cooke was chosen secretary, the same course being fol lowed as to Assistant Secretary J. D. Avery and Treasurer George R. Carter. Senator Crabbe said he(realized the importance of the position. He said he would take hold and be in the office each day and do all in his power to elect every one from the Delegate down to every representative. He said he would bespeak the assistance of every orne for without unity there could be no success for the party. i J. W. Jones suggested that now per- (Continued on page 4.) I r forty per cent, and of rock phosphates averaging something over seventy per cent, were found. They had been en gaged in this work about five days and desired to make a camp and land four more men so as to push the work at different points at the same time, when they received from Lieut. Akinote the following communication: "Mlnimotorishima, Japan, August 5, 1902. "Captain A. Rosehill, Dear sir: j "I do not like to write to you such matters as follows, but I must tell you that from iriy duty. I permitted two gentlemen to stop on this island for one week that is tomorrow, and to your crew a week on this island for their health. Now it Is the time to please you that you and your crew will not land on this island and two gentle men will return to your ship, and also you will leave this island as soon as you possible because the people of this island are so ignorant that they are anxious for seeing foreigners and now they do net do their industry. "Please tell me the date on which you will leave this island. I knovy a little about Engiisa as you know, there fore, there may be some impolite words in this letter. Please excuse me if there are such words. "Your obedient servant, "(Signed) H. AKINOTE." Captain Rosehill upon receipt of this last communication informed Lieut. Akinote that it would take several weeks' time to make a satisfactory ex ploration of the guano deposits of the island and that no idea of their ex tent or value could be obtained from the limited amount of work he had been able to do with three men in five days. He asked the lieutenant what he would consider it his right or duty to do in the event that he (.Captain Rosehill) would insist upon remaining. The lieu tenant shrugged his shoulders, glanced significantly at the sixteen armed marines drawn up in line and indi cated that he would be compelled to en force the orders left' With him by the captain of the Japanese warship not to permit the Captain and his party to land or to remain on the island. As there were sixteen men beside the lieu tenant and about nfty stalwart Jap anese fishermen. Captain Rosehill con cluded that his instructions from the company which were to yield to a superior force, required him to depart. So gathering wnat few samples they had been able to obtain, the Whalen party rejoined their vessel and she sail ed for Honolulu stopping one day at Midway Island and making the return trip in twenty-eight days. The officers of the Marcus Island company, Col. Thomas Fitch and W. C. Peacock, will at once report the cir cumstances with the papers to the State Department at Washington with a claim against the government of Ja pan for indemnity,, and a demand that the possession of Marcus Island be restored. Captain Rosehill says that the statement of Secretary Ishii that in 1896 the periodical visits of Japanese fishermen there were turned into a per manent occupation, is incorrect, for he last visited the island in 189" and at that time It was still unoccupied. Col. Fitch says that the questions presented for diplomatic consideration are not many or complicated. The con tention of Col. Fitch is that when Cap tain Rosehill put up the American flag on the island in 1889 and made formal claim in writing to it on behalf of the United States, built a house and left a member of the crew there with a year's supply of provisions, two rights were created; one a right of sovereignty In the United States which became per fected upon the Secretary of State sub sequently filing in the Department of State at Washington copies of the claim of Captain Rosehill made in the name of the Uniteu States to the isl and, and that this rignt of sovereignty thus vested' coula not subsequently be divested by any failure or delay on the part of Rosehill. j The other right created by the notice of acquirement of the island was an Inchoate right which Rosehill might have lost through neglect and that was a matter between the United States and Rosehill, the United States having sub sequently accepted as proof of the no tices by exacting of him a bond of $50, 000 and issued him the papers which he carried with him to Marcus Island, fully recognizing his right, and that it cannot honorably fail to protect both the rights of its citizen and its own sovereignty over the island; that if it be possible for a nation to lose terri tory by non-user of It, and such non user or abandonment should continue for at least as long a time at would be required by the statute of limitations to create adverse title by possession to real estate, and that at common law is twenty years, there would be much In ternational trouble. If the contention of the Japanese government that It made formal proclamation in 1897 of its acquirement of Marcus Island be sus tained, there are hundreds of unoccu pied islands in the Aleutian group which have never been occupied by men and it could lose the title to these by Japanese settlement and claim for any Japanese who should choose to occupy them. The matter will now go to Washing ton and there being no further use for the Whalen she will be sold. , mm Volcano Again De stroys Human Lives. REIGN OF TERROR ON AMRTINIQUE Latest Eruption Covers Wide Area and Is Worse Than the First Ones. CASTRIES, Island of St. Lucia, Brit ish West Indies, Sept. 1. The British steamer Korona arrived here yesterday evening from Fort de France, island of Martinique. She reports that a terrible eruption of Mont Felee occurred at 9 o'clock Saturday night and people who arrived at Fort de France from the northern part of the island reported that the village of Morne Rouge, near 1. he district previously devastated, had been entirely destroyed and that Le Carbet, a village on the coast, which was destroyed at the time of the great eruption, had been swept by a tidal wave. About 200 persons lost their lives. . Mont Pelee has been in constant erup tion since August 15. There was an enormous fall of ashes from the volcano the night of the 25th. There was a very severe eruption the night of the . 28th, when the volcanic rumblings were heard at a great distance. The moun tain burned fiercely that night . The night of the 30th there were three sep arate eruptions. . It is impossible to approach the ruin ed town of St. Pierre from the sea. The people of the village of Le Carbet, on the coast, are terror-stricken and fleeing to the Interior. Hot water is pouring down on Lorraine and Basse Pointe, villages to the northeast of the crater. Horrib.e detonations were heard, the ground rocked and quaked and articles on tables were thrown to the floor. At 8 o'clock in the evening of Satur day, the 30th, the sky was cloudless. Suddenly and without warning one-half" of the horizon was obscured by a pitch black cloud of dust. This cloud was the center of most magnificent electric effects, the flashes of. light surpassing the most elaborate fireworks. Flames and flashes continued to burst from the cloud until nearly nidnight. Columns of flames shot out of the crater of Mont Pelee to explode about the cloud in showers of balls of golden fire, which fell through the darkness in myriads of sparks. A tidal wave rushed upon Fort ue France and the terrified inhabitants fled in large numbers to the interior. The wave was not severe and did but slight damage. FURTHER DETAILS. PARIS, Sept. 2. The Havas agency has received an undated dispatch from Fort de France announcing that about 1000 persons were killed and several hundred were injured as a result of a violent eruption of Mont Pelee on Sat urday, August 30, which destroyed Morne Rouge and AJoupa Bouillon, two villages near Mont Pelee. PRAYING FOR SALVATION. POINT A'PITRE, Guadaloupe, Sept. 2. The steamship Canada which touch ed here today from Martinique brings news of the destruction of Morne Rouge, Carbet, Ajoupa Bouillon and Grand Riviere by an eruption of Mont Pelee at 9 o'clock Saturday night. One thousand were killed, according to this report, and so many were injured that It has been necessary to convert Saint Louis, at Fore de France, into a tempo rary hospital to give them care. La Soufriere has again given warn ing that it is in ug!y mood, and the re sult is that a panic is everywhere. All the dwellers In the mountains have left their homes and are herding Into the towns. Ir. several cases starving families (Continued on Page 2). i (Continued on Page -)