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rrvrr? TxrTTrTC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, ' HONOLULU, -MARCH 11, t3
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There is a deeper significance per
hapa than the mere desire to pass upon
. the County bill first, back of the Sen
ate's declination to attempt to consider j
. appropriations until the political sub
divisions of the Territory have been nx-
ed, and the powers and responsibilities
.. of the counties placed.
t ha oractically decided that
, there shall be-two appropriation bill.
- one covering the salaries and expenses
i until December 31. of this year, and the
: other having: In it the provisions for tne
i rest of the biennial term. The question
however, is what division shall be made
! '.?.?! ,r r.rlation bill. The
trt that there k to be in such short
j time, responsibility of counties, makes
? Turn's foVerai
provements which have been brought
forward" by the representatives" from
rthe outer districts.
without intention to cast any reflection
1 upon the. Intent of .the originator,
"that which was proposed in the House
recently, that there be set aside by
the Legislature' from the loan bill.
$1,000,000 for each county. It is presum
ed, s a' capital to start in life. This
look well on paper, it might be that It
wcrjld work out well for the counties.
assuredly it would be a case of find
ing money for the Islands other than
On the basis of the taxpaying capaci
ty of the various counties as made up
for consideration by the Finance Com
mlttee, the resources of the various
counties were clearly set forth In a re-
cent issue of the Advertiser. Putting
the figures into-round numbers the
taxes or tne wnoie Territory, on the
basis of last year are paid as follows:
Oahu, 59; Kauai, 9; Maul, 11; East Ha
waii, 15; West Hawaii, 6. it win. be
tnen on this basis that the islanda will
contribute to the Territorial treasury,
and from this general f'jnd must come
the Interest and the sinking fund for
the wiping out of the bonded debt.
It would, be only fair then that the
; counties should have a proportion of
the bonds in the direct ratio as they
must pay back the money borrowed on
;the credit of the Territory. If this is
done, of the $5,000,000 of bonds, Oahu
f would receive, $2,950,000; Kauai, .$450,
000; Maui, $550,000; East Hawaii, $750,
000; West Hawaii, $300,000. The inter
. est charge would have to be paid as
follows: $147,500, Oahu; $22,500, Kauai;
$27,500, Maui; $37,500, East Hawaii; $15.-
000, West Hawaii. In other. words the
County of Oahu would pay 144 P?r cent
as Interest on its million, while the
other counties would pay: Kauai. 214
- per cent; Maui, 24 per cent; East Ha
waii, 34 pericent, and West Hawaii,
VJ per cent. '( (
If this is the proportion of the pay
ment for Improvements 'there of course
should be the same proportion in ex
penditure, and as some of the members
axe imbued with the justice of the
.claim, there will be all the more hard
work in getting together an appropria
tion bill There will have to be passed
to the credit of the counties some sum
on which to begin housekeeping. It
must bf! borne in mind that there will
be less than the full year's ;taxes from
which to meet all the demands upon
thf Territorial treasurj'i and out of
these many factors must there be
drawn the sum of the fiscal arrange
ments. 4 The problem is a knotty one,
-and will try th. temper aa well as the
ability of the Legislature.
PHASE OF FIRE CLAIAS.
The Innocent looking bill, "for the re
: 1 f of Antone- G. Serrao." which was
Introduced and passed first reading yes
terday, promises to bring up interesting
c.uestlons which In turn may complicate
the payment of the Fire Claims.
' The bill whlchpassed Congress pro
vlded for the appropriation of $1,000,000
and the authorization of $500,000 in
bonds. These sums were to meet the
full amount of the claims. Th? Con
gress was Informed that the awards
were in amount $1,473,173. It was with
that understanding that the appropria
tion was made. The bill which went
through Congress puts many safe
guards about the payment so as to in
sure entire satisfaction of all claims
and the giving to the United States of
a full release.
To accept the appropriation from the
Federal government would imply of
course, the agreement of this Territory
with the conditions which surround the
making of the appropriation. This ac
ceptance does not rest alone with the
Governor and Secretary who p-iu issue
the bonds, but as well is given sanction
of the Legislature by the passing of the
bill making appropriation for the ex
penses of the bond issue and the agent
who is to act as almoner.
The opening of the door to the pay
ment of claims by enactment of the bill
to relieve Serrao would mean imme
diate rushing in of the claims of every
aggrieved claimant. The man who
claimed thousands and received hun
dreds would immediately find a friend
r.nd it is safe to predict that the few
thousands for the Hilo man would be
' ASIATIC VS.
The conclusion reached by
icsJn Wellesley College, that
Asiatic plantation laborer and the seii-respecung, seii-uiretung or liver, and are a warning it is ex
erican farmer," is put in the form of a question. Miss Coman wasjgmeiy hazardous to neglect, so
here a few montks ago and made a study of our economic conditions. - important is a healthy action of
In her contribution to the Boston Transcript, republished elsewhere,
she quotes with approval the broad-minded views of Byron (X Clark,
who holds that the only hope for white civilization here isthe small
farmer. Unless the latter is brought in soon to hold the great areas
not required for sugar the country will become so thoroughly Orient
alized that no white men can stay here except the large estate owners
and their lieutenants. .
This is no fanciful conjecture. The Oriental is creeping into the
larger business life of the islands,
the schools more and more undesirable for white children, getting con
trol of certain lines of agriculture, degrading forms of labor which
engage white men, -women and children elsewhere and draining the land.
for export money. There is a
now than there was in 1896; and
years more, all hope of developing
lines" will have to be abandoned.
jmeTican idea its white inhabitants must" begin at once the task of
building up the permanent white
the States and the settlement of
'Here are some striking statistics collected by Roy H. Chamber-
j . . afc head of tne internai
the Asiatics have invaded various
The total Chinese population
We cannot expel any part of
by legal right, and the greater part of it, that employed in the cane
I helds, is here by economic necessity, inose wno are in trace, iaDor,
business and the professions are
I . , , , . TT
lillllg LI Id L Vdll uuilt IKJ salt iianau iiuui a jvnun jiiuiiivivnvv.
to build up a large enough white
J preserve it for American ideas and
all they seek. What Hawaii must
without it the islands must, in the
in spirit. Plappily there" is untilled
hands to give our people a chance
sagacity, the public spirit and the
J ment which does its best to populate the vacant acres with a white
I rjrrwlnrinrr clat!
only the drop in the bucket which
would be filled by the golden stream.
Then would arise the complication.
Congress would be flouted. The fact
that the Territory was determined to
make the total of payment reach a sum
in excess of the $1,500,000 recognized by
Congress, would constitute a breach of
the implied contract and easily it may
be imagined that the Treasury agent
would refuse to pay out the cash from
the national fund3. The danger at least
Is sufficient to warrant the closest at
tention of the legislators before they
commit themselves to. any such policy
irnirniTiinii fft tents
There was a unanimity in the voting
upon the bill for the establishment of
an agricultural college for Hawaii,
which would have teen much more im
pressive if the clauses as to the estab
lishment of the college In Oiaa and the
appropriation of $20,000 for its inaugu
ration had been first aired.
Certainly the bill will be the subject
of deep consideration when it comes
back from the committee, and it is
probable that out of it there may yet
come something that may make for the
future development of the resources and
for the proper training of the youth in
the arts of agriculture. It Is incom
prehensible that such an Institution
should be projected for a point out of
touch with the Federal government's
experiment station. The NationaL'Gov-
ernment went over all availablesitua- 1
tions and chose Honolulu as the center
for all its operations. The station is
well started and the beginning now of
a propaganda for a college, which in
time woald mean the taking over of the
station as well, can be attended only j
with disaster. ,
It is not necessary that there be a
radical departure made. The college
could find quarters here, in connection
with an established institution, and its
field of usefulness would be guaranteed
from the first.
The statement (of the Hawaii Herald
that not three per cent of the people
exclusive of the liussians who have
taken up Olaa lands under the Settle
ment Association law. mean to live up
to the agreement, accords with the im
pressions of the Advertiser. It looks to
this paper as if the authorities had
a duty to perform towards these As
sociations the nature of which is sug
gested by the withdrawal of official ap
proval of the Hayselden scheme at Kau.
There have been rumors for two years
past that land was being divided among
speculators and dummies and indica
tions still point that way. The Govern
ment should make it a point to iut
none but bona-fide tillers of the soil on
the lands; and it would do no harm
for the Legislature to. make the terms
of settlement more drastic Th.v
so easy now as to invito n .
Katherine'Coman, professor of econo-
the future of Hawaii "lies between the
ir jz i:
is monopolizing the trades, making
smaller proportion of Caucasians here
if things go on as they are for seven
Hawaii along "traditional American
If the country is to be saved to the
population through immigration from
revenue service here, showing how far
occupations in the Honolulu district
. ...... 1278
in this district is 13.575. .
the Asiatic population. It is here
protected by their treaties. The only
.. c n ,
population to hold the ground and
to keep the Asiatics from -getting
have is an American middle class;
near future cease to be. American
land enough in public and private
; fortunate will we be to find the
honesty of purpose in the Govern-
(Continued from page 1.)
Queen Kalama and later on removed
with her majesty to "Haimoipb" a
residence that had been built for them
across the street from the palace. The
site is now the lower part of . Milled
street next to the Capitol gate. Prince !
Albert first attended school at Dr.
uuiicks. : Then he was sent to the
Roman Catholic College at Ahuimanu
and studied under the Rev. Father 1
Walsh. A few years later fie was sent
by the Queen Dowager Kalama to
Europe in care of William Pfluger, but
after arriving at San Francisco the
Prince became discontented and home
sick and insisted upon returning here.
It was the wish of Kamehameha III
that the Prince should receive a Euro
pean education in the hope, that he
would some day succeed to the throne.
Had the Kamehameha dynasty con
tinued in power Prince Albert Kunui
akea would surely have been king, for j
he was next In line to Princess Ruth,
Queen Emma and the Princess Bernice
Pauahi Bishop, all of whom he has out
lived. Rut Kalakaua's election changed
all things for him and prevented him
from holding the scepter. He was with
out a doubt the heir presumptive to the I
throne of Hawaii.
Prince Albert's mother was the 1
chiefess Jane Lahilahi Kaeo (nee
Young), the daughter of the high
chiefess Kaoanaeka and John Young,
the latter one of Kamehameha First's
The high chiefess Kaoanaeka was
the daughter of Prince Kalaninuima
loku Kepookalani Kealiimaikai, the
brother of Kamehameha I. and of Ka-
likookalani. the daughter of Kekunui
aleimoku (k) and Kaniniuokalani (w).
Kekunuialeimoku (k) was the son of
Kalaninuiiamamao Ck) and Ahia (w).
Kalaninuiiamamao (k) was the son of
Keawenui k) and Lonomaikanaka
Through his father, Kamehameha III,
Prince Albert Kukaillmoku Kunuiakea
was the grandson of Kamehameha I
and his consort Queen Keopuolanl, and
through his mother, the chiefess Jane
Lahilahi Kaeo (nee Young), Prince
Albert's great-grand-father was Prince
Kalaninuimaiokuloku Kepookalani Ke
aliimaikai, the brother of Kamehame
During the regime of the Provisional
Government Prince Albert Kunuiakea
had a seat in the House of Represen
tatives of Hawaii,
THIS IS THE SEASON when death
stalks through the land in the form of
pneffmonia. The surest defense against
this disease is Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy. It always cures and cures
quickly. Benson. Smith & Co.. Ltd..
wholesale agents, sell It.
. XM "ecord will be valuable for re-
rerence. Subscribe at one and t a
Pains in the Back
Are symptoms of a weak, torpid or
stagnant condition of the kidneys
They are commonly attended by
loss of energy, lack of courage, and
sometimes by gloomy foreboding
I had pains In my back, could not sleep
and when I got np In the morn in? felt
worse than the night before. I began tak
ing Heed's Sars&parilla and now I can
sleep and get up feeling rested . and able to
do my work. I attribute my cure entirely
to Hood's Sarsaparllla." Mes. J. N. Perry.
care H. S. Copeland, Pike Road. Ala.
dire kidney and liver troubles, re
lieve the back, and build up the
as the beet eoap for medi
cinal and toilet use.
.WRL'C. IRW1H & CO., LTD-
Wm. G. Irwin... President and Manager
Claus Spreckels....Flr8t Vice-President
W. M. Giffard... Second Vice-President
H. M. "Whitney, Jr.. Treasurer and Sea
George W. Ross Auditor
Sugar Factors and Commission Agents
AGENTS FOR THE
Oceanic Steamship Company
Of San Francisco, CaL
, AGENTS FOR THE
Scottish Union & National Insurance
Company of Edinburgh.
Wilhelma of Magdeburg General In
Associated Assurance Company of
Munich & Berlin.
Alliance Marine & General Assurance
Co.,- Ltd., of London.
Royal Insurance Company of Liver
pool, Alliance Assurance Company of
Rochester - German Insurance Com
pany of N. Y.
With the usual Tueh
of the holiday season
past, we are better able
to give attention to the
repairs or making over
of your jewels.
The engraving of your
silver also, can nowhave
our best attention, and
given the time it needs.
Best to attend to these
things between seasons,
when proper time and
thought can be given to
A man needed
some money tbat
he didn't have.
Another had some
money that he didn't
Both told their troubles
to us and now both
TRUST COMPANY, LTD.
Pacific -'Hardware:- Company, Limited.
HOUSEHOLD DEPT. BETHEL STREET.
"Choice of any of the following Items
, on our GLAS WARE BARGAIN 'J
COUNTER this Week at
cTP Hj' Dozen
Colored Wine Glasses, blue and green,
cheap at $1.25 a dozen. Less than half
price at 60c. a dozen.
Wine Glasses, plain and engraved.
with ferns, formerly retailed at $1.25
and 11.50 a dozen. Your choice at only
50c a dozen.
Double Egg Cups, strong heavy glass,
always $1.25 a dozen; now 50c. a dozen.
Some of the above lots are small, so come
early and not be disappoinied
s tne taste
No other beer in the market
x to equal in flavor and quality of
the celebrated ,
Manilla Anchor Lager
Sold by the dozen by
Bottled direct at
the Springs... .
FOR PRICES, INQUIRE
P.O. Box 565.
Fresh Island Rhubarb
521 King Street
Alexander Young Building.
Honolulu Iron Works Co.
BOILERS. SUGAR MILLS, COOL
ERS, BRASS AND LEAD CASTINGS
and machinery . of every description
made to order. Particular attention
paid to h!p's blackpmithin. Job -work
executed on shortest notice.
Goblets, 3 or 4 different style tti
sizes. Less than cost price, Mc. a dozen.
Lemonade Glasses, both handled an j
plain, retailed at $1.25 a dozen, a lg
bargain at only 50c. a dozen.
Tumblers, best blown glass, several
sizes, worth from S5c. to $1.00 a dozen.
Your choice or any size, 50c. a dozen.
Adams - Bagnall
Enclosed Arc Lamp
DIRECT CURRENT FOR
. PLANTATION USE.
It is the best illuminator. The case is made of
hard rolled sheet copper, stamped in shape for
greatest strength and durability. It is not affect
ed by sugar fumes or weather. Send for booklet
giving full description.
awaiian Electric Go.
TELEPHONE MAIN 300.
Tel. llaia 308.
(From Puna, Hawaii)
Best Table Water In the World
. All orders delivered free of charge.
Telephone Main 270.
WM. G. IRWIN & COMPANY. U
Western Sugar Reflnlnf
Baldwin Locomotive Work, Pt'ii
pnia, jra. y e
Newell Universal Mill Co., ManuZW
turers of National Cane Shredder, N
York, N. Y.
Parafflne Paint Company, San Fro
Ohlandt & Co., San Franclsoo, CL
Pacific Oil Transportation
Franc! 8co, CaL ,
CIIAS. BREWER & GO'S.
hew yoek inns
NEW YORK to HONOLULU
at regular intervals.
For freight rates apply to
CIIAS. BREWEB CO.
OB C. BRETSHETt & CO
: - 1
Fort St., above Vineyard. ,
Buns, Doughnuts, Scons,
Cup Cakes at
IOc a Ooszon
Pies, IOc each; Boston Brown EreaJ'
10c a loaf. Try onr famon bread.
x Phone White 3851.