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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, HONOLULU, JANUARY fill, 1904.
WALTER G. SMITH, EDITOR
The death of General John B. Gordon
removes from the South one of na
ture's noblemen and a true Southern
cavalier. Following closely upon the
death of General Longstreet, the
South mourns a great leader of
the "Lost Cause", the last of a galaxy
of principals who served with honor
beneath the stars and bars in the
struggle between the North and the
General Gordon was but a young
man when he drew his sword in de
' fense of the principle of state sover
eignty. Time mellowed Gordon's ideals
as to the rights of states to assert
their supremacy over the Union, and
the lesson which he learned from the
great civil conflict cannot be without
Its Influence in moulding a pure, lofty,
patriotic sentiment in coming genera
tions of American youth, for the com
mon government of the whole Union
North and South, East and JVest.
Almost the last effort of his long,
brilliant career was to harmonize
whatever of differences there may be
yet existing between 'North and South
as the outgrowth of the Civil War.
His later day ideals were that Amer
ican youth In all sections should be
taught to- hold In perpetual remem
brance all that was great and good on
both sides; to comprehend the inher
ited convictions for which saintly
women suffered and patriotic men
died; to recognize the unparalleled
carnage as proof of unrivalled cour
age; to appreciate he singular absence
of personal animosity, and of the fre
quent manifestation between those
brave antagonists of a good-fellowship
such, , as had never before been wit
nessed between hostile armies.
General Gordon died convinced that
the four years of fratricidal war be
tween the North and the South was
waged by neither with criminal or
unworthy intent but by both to pro
tect what they conceived to be threat
ened rights and imperilled liberty; that
the Issues which divided the sections
were born when the Republic was
bom, and were forever buried in an
ocean of fraternal biood. To him, ev
ery sheet of flame from the blazing
rifles of the contending armies, every
whizzing shell that tore through the
forests at Shiloh and Chancellorsville,
every cannon shot that shook Chick-
amauga s hills or thundered around
the heights of Gettysburg, and all the
blood and tears that were shed, had
become contributions for the upbuilding
of American manhood and for the fu
ture defense of American freedom. .
General Gordon's life was tempered
by a loving . and helpful wife, a true
daughter- of' the South, '.; who accom
panied .'him in nearly all his cam
paign, always near at hand, r Her' ad
vice was given to and accepted by the
brave man. General Early said to her
once: "Mrs. Gordon," General Gordon
Is a better soldier when you are close
by him, than when you -are away, and
so hereafter, when I issue orders that
officers' wives must go to the rear,
you may know that you are excepted."
The ability of , General Gordon was
demonstrated when, at Appomattox,
General Lee selected General Gordcn;
with General Longstreet and General
Pendleton to discuss and draft the de
tails . of the formal surrender of the
war-worn5 troops of the broken Con
federacy to General Grant. His last
public service was to" serve Georgia In
the United States Senate In 1896 and
at his death he was the Commander-in-Chief
of the Confederate Veterans
Union; honored by the v South,. and
loved Lnd-respected by the North.
THE PROPOSED LAND EXCHANGE.
The announcement by Governor Carter, that he was considering the ex
change of the Kapapala Ranch in Kau, for. a school house site In Honolulu
has not so far called forth any particular public protest. Aside from one com
munication in the Advertiser and a noncommittal editorial in. the Star, we
have seen no published criticism of the proposition; but on the other hand
we have seldom "heard of any suggested possible executive action which has,
privately, been more universally criticised and opposed.
The Advertiser does not like to oppose its friends and neighbors in tht?
carrying into execution of their business enterprises and schemes; the ?am
motive has doubtless so far prevented public expression of adverse opinions
of many of the leading men of Honolulu among them intimate friend:? oi
both the Governor and of the owners of the Hawaiian Agricultural Company;
but the proposed exchange lnvol-es principles which are so wide reaching in
their effect that the Advertiser woul d not be doing its duty as a public
journal if it did not present them" for consideration. Moreover the Governor
has called for public opinion upon the subject, and it is but just to him and
to the public that, disinterested public opinion should be given to him.
There are various phases of the subject:
First. The school site under consideration is but a city lot, two or threa
acres in extent.
The value suggested as a basis of exchange, is that placed upon it dur
ing a boom period, several years elapsed. It did not bring that price then,
and cannot today be sold for that figure or any thing like it. The Rapid
Transit system has revolutionized land conditions in Honolulu, within th!
last eighteen months. With the exception of the immediate business center,
land that is within two or three, and even four miles of the center of town
is, by reason of the quick, easy and cheap communication provided, practical
ly as available for school purposes as is that within a radius of one mile
from the center. For example, few, if any, scholars attend Punahou or the
High School because of their relative location. It is as cheap to get to one
as to the other, and there is but little difference in time consumed.
As a result of this, the available school house sites are greatly increased
in number, and a good one can be had for a third or a quarter of the price
put upon the Boardman lot.
If the Governor will advertise for offers of land for a Normal School site
he will probably be surprised to find how many there are. Ten or twelve thou
sand dollars should procure a good one.
Second. The land proposed to be given in exchange is, for Hawaii, an
enormous area. The Governor's statement sets forth that the total area of
Kapapala is 172,000 acres. Of this area it is proposed to reserve one-eighth,
or 21,500 acres for forest purposes, and 600 acres of cane land, leaving 149,900
acres, which are proposed to be deeded in fee simple to the Hawaiian Agri
cultural Company, in exchange for the Boardman lot in Honolulu, which lot
the company 13 to acquire frqm its present owners for the purpose of deed
ing it to the government for a school house site.
The present intrinsic value of this vast area is much greater than even
the high value placed on the Boirdman lot. The Kapapala Ranch has always
been considered one of the best in the country.
Is a rack on which you need no
It depends on an acid condition
of the blood, which affects the
muscles and joints, causes inflam
mation and jain, and results from
defective digestion and a tnrniH
action of the liver, kidneys and skin.
bciatica, .lumbago and stiff neck
are forms of it.
"Hood's Sarsaparilla has cured me oi
Tbeumatism. I was so I could not lift any
thing and ray knees were, so stiff I could
hardly pet up or down stairs. Since takine
three bottles of Hood's Sarsaparilla I have
never felt a symptom of rheumatism, and
I gladly recommend Hood's for this dis
ease. Mas. Hattie Tckxeb, Bolivar, Mo.
Neutralize thefacidity of the blood,
perfect digestion and excretion,
and radically- and
The Pacific Hardware Co. f Lt
CORNER FORT AND MERCHANT STREETS.
SPECIAIi FOR THE NEW YEAR
MONDAY, JANUARY 4TH,
. We will sell
- a Dozen
Regular price, 50 cents a dozen.
Third. 'Of much greater importance than the simple question of relative
values,, upon which opinions may honestly differ, is the principle of dispos
ing of great areas of undeveloped country land for small areas of city prop
erty which have already reached their full possible value, at least for many
years to come.
It is true that thousands of acres of Kapapala are barren mountain top,
lava flow and sand, but there are other thousands of acres that are covered
with good soil. There is no agricultural use now known here which it can
be put to; but Hawaii has learned many lessons within the past few years
about "waste land3."
It is only a few years ago that James Campbell was jeered at as a fool
for paying $90,000 for the land of Honouliuli on this island. It was '"waste
land." But that same "waste land" produces now, net profits of approxi
mately $500,000 per annum.
Five years ago the Vahiawa district, near Pearl Harbor was pasturing
one head of stock to about five acres of land, and the cattle were underfed at
that, while attempted agriculture was a dead failure.
Today Wahiawa is producing hundreds of thousands vof pineapples at a
profit, and the land cannot be bought for $150 an acre.
A few years ago 60,000 acres of land were sold in Puna for $20,000. It was
"waste land."K Today 5000 acres of it is under cultivation in cane. ,K
Five years ago the land near Barber's Point was so dry and , '.'waste"
i : It.
that it was good for nothing but "bee pasture" during the few rainy months of
the year. Last year It yielded" a crop of sisal that paid a profit of 1 twenty
five per cent or more. . Scores of other similar Instances can be cited right here
in Hawaii, without referring to the "Great American Desert" of yesterday,
which is the granary of the world of today. V ' '
Hawaii should hold on to Its undeveloped lands, getting what ren,ts it can
from them, reserving always the right to take them over for agricultural
purposes if a field developes for such use of them.. The future possibility of
making homes for a citizen population should not be sacrificed for the sake
of securing a present house site, with the accompanying locking up of great
areas In cattle ranches. ,' .
Fourth. Of equal importance with the last objection is the point that a
precedent should not be established for trading off great areas of country
land for small city lots, at the' sole direction of the Governor and the land
agent.; Governor Carter has made public the proposition under considera
tion. There is no. law requiring publicity, and if a precedent is established
now, It may lead to disastrous private deals in the future in the' hands of
a less scrupulous and public spirited executive. There are a number of large
sugar plantations situated wholly or largely on government land. For exam
ple, the Waiakea, the Olowalu, the Walmanalo, the Makee Sugar dbmpany
and others. These lands are yielding large revenues to the Territorial Govern
ment. As the old leases run out the rents: will be much higher, if they are
leased again. What is to be doue with, these, plantations is a problem by
itself; but we. do not want to wake up some fine morning and hear that the
title to a plantation has been traded for a school, or an armory or any other
kind of a building site in Honolulu, and have the Kapapala ranch exchange
cited as a precedent and a justification.
MORE POINTERS FOR LABOR UNIONS.
In ' further aid of the reconstruction
of labor unions, which is so rapidly pro
ceeding, a 1 Chicago Grand Jury has
found s me interesting indictments
against walking-delegates, for con
spiracy to wreck the business of the
Kellogg Switchboard and Supply Com
pany. The parties indicted were S. E.
Johnson, the "business agent" of the
Brass Workers Union; L. E. Fisher,
secretary of the International Order of
Machinists, and R. S. Crane, its "busi
ness agent," and James L. Lamb, the
"business agent" of the International
Brotherhood of Electrical Workers. The
testimony appears to be conclusive
that, during the strike, they threatened
to ruin the business of the Kellogg
. Switchboard and Supply Company, un
less lt submitted w-ithout even discus
sion to the exorbitant demands of its
The strike of, the miners in Colorado
has developed a different phase of the
labor question, which may require the
application of that rigid equality iefore
the law, upon which President Roose
velt strenuously insists. In that State,
undoubtedly, outrages were committed.
in wmcn dynamite was freely used.
"The Governor, however, in his deter
mination to enforce the law, apparently
went, wfoim ine necessity 01 tne case,
and undertook to place the disaffected
districts under military control and
Fifth. Another reason against the proposed exchange Is, that it is un
fair to the country districts totrade off the public lands in their immediate
vicinity, for the benefit of local improvements in Honolulu. While the land
in question -belongs to the Territory and the schools are Territorial institu
tions, there is a moral claim and a common sense right in and on behalf of
the locality In which the lands are situated, to participate in the beneficial
use thereof, if there is any beneficial use possible, present or future. This
particularly applies to great areas of undeveloped land which may at some
future Jtime possibly become the subject of homesteading or the producer of
diversified industries, scarcely to be dreamed of if the lands are once gather-,
ed Into the folds of a great cattle ranch. ,".
Exchanges are always liable to abuse, but if they must be made, unless
there are very strong reasons to the contrary, they should be confined to ex
change for purposes in the same vicinity, or at least on the same island.
.The sincere and friendly advice of the Advertiser to the Governor and
to the Hawaiian Agricultural Company is to discontinue the proposed Kapa
pala exchange. ' .
Hollister Drag Co.
THINGS WILL GO WRONG;
WHY LEAVE THEM SO?
Better right them
little "Looking into"
"own account ; not taking too
much for granted, will work
wonders. Start the year, by
supplying your table with . solid
silver. It( is cheap now, but may
not be so very long, as silver is
steadily rising in price.
We are selling at the old price
and will continue to do so, for
some time, and as that price is
as low as the lowest catalogue
price from the States, it will pay
you to make your purchases now,
and right at home. Take our
price list and compare it at your
leisure, we know the result.
Many patterns to select from
and no remittance with order;
INCANDESCENT ELECTRIC LAMPS are almost in
dispensable in the home and the cost now is very low.
Don't delay availing 3-ourself of the convenience and com
HAWAIIAN ELECTRIC Co., Ltd.
Office King near Alakea. Phone Main 390.
J. F. Morgan, President; C. J. Campbell, Vice-President; J. L. Mc
Lean, Secretary; A. F. Clark, Treasurer; N. E. Gedge, Auditor; W. H.
Hoogs, Manager. -
KC-utstace-eclr Co., X-td.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN !
Firewood, Stove, Steam, Blacksmith's Ceal 1
Also Black and White Sand. f elephone Main 295,
' ' Special Attention Given to Draying.
FAIL IN DRY WEATHER
EXCEPT SIGNS PAINTED BY
SIGN SHOP, KING STREET.
F. Wichman & Co, Ltd.
Jewelers and Opticians.
Improved Real Estate
Repaid in Monthly Instalments
even threatened to suspend the writ of
habeas corpus. This attempt locally to
change our institutions and to sub
stitute a temporary despotism for a
species of anarchy, cannot be legally
endorsed, and has been disapproved
throughout the country. Thus the true
point is being reached that law must
be enforced against all, whether capi
talists, wage-earners or ambitious and
over-zealous officials, and that our form
of government furnishes an adequate
remedy for all the Protean shapes of
corruption and of violence.
Scrapple Season in Philadelphia.
The Philadelphia scrapple season i3
now at its height, and in the three or
four big scrapple factories of the city
about 50,000 pounds of the delectable
compound are produced weekly. Each
factory prides itself on the peculiar
flavor of its scrapple, Just as breweries
pride themselves on the flavor of their
beer. There are, indeed, scrapple con
noisseurs in this city men who, when
a dish of scrapple is served to them,
can say unerringly: "This is Brown's,"
or' "This is Smith's," or "This is Jones's
scrapple." Many Pennsylvania farm
ers, too, make their own brand, and
take a pride in it, and have a host
of followers who declare there is
-ho scrapple like Farmer Albur
ger's, or Farmer Schultz's, or Farm
er Diffenderfer's as the case may
be. It follows that the scrapple ex
pert must be profoundly learned
must be, in fact, as learned as the wine
expert. Scrapple is climbing from .i
local to a national poouliuity. It ir,
shipped in refrigerator cars to many
distant States, and in many cities
"Philadelphia scrapple" is a favorite
dish upon the breakfast menu.
For particulars see
Phee&is Sicfs, Sdlding and Loas
Judd Building, Honolulu.
Guarantee Capital against loss.$ 200,000
Subscribed Capital .. ....... 8,500,000
Paid-up Capital 1,000,000
R. CAMPBELL,, Cashier.
H. E. POCOCK, General Agent.
Byron Hot Springs
Only 68 Miles From San Francisco on
Main Line Southern Pacific Co.
MOST WONDERFUL SPRINGS
HOT SALT, HOT, MUD AND SUL
Fine warm swimming tanks. Driak-
lng waters of wonderful curative quali
ties. Pronounced the best In America
for Rheumatism, Gout, Sciatica and
Thoroughly modern steam heated ho
tel as comfortable In Winter as Sum
mer. . I
Call at Advertiser Office for booklets,
or. on Mr. J. K. Burkett, who kindly
allows the use of his name.
Address, H. R. WARNER,
Byron Hot Springs, Contra Costa
... County, CaL
Will sell the
balance of his
: ; o '
H20 Nuuanu Just Above HoteL
Honolulu Mutnal Bcrhl
J. II. TOWNSEND, Secretary.
Office with the Townsend Undertak
ing Co. - 124 Beretania Street-.
NEW SPRING CHURNING.
Crystal -Springs spring butter is now here, sweet as the clover
blossom and fresh as a daisy. It will be the best part of breakfast,
lunch and dinner. Order from
Tel. Main 45
Welronolifan Meat Co.,
Tel. Main 45
you can obtain an up-to-date office in the new ALEXANDER YOUNG BUILDING for 20JM
per month and upwards. The price includes hot and cold water, electric lights and janitor service
The new fireproof warehouse just back of the Young Building is now complete with freiat
elevator, and storage room may be obtained on application to the agents of the building.
THE VOX HAMM-YOUNG CO , LTD.