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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, HONOLULU, JANUARY 19,1904.
"Pit is the most exciting of all
games that have become popular
For sale by o
Wall, Nichols Co,
The Worth of
. .the Honey
The Complete happiness and satisfaction
that is found in every box of Honolulu
Gandy Company's Candy, makes ' the
price of it money well - spent
A 6-lb. Box of PURE MIXED CANDY
" for $1.00.
A 6-lb. Box of FRENCH MIXED
, CANDY for $1.50.
A s-lb. Box of FRENCH MARSH-
. MALLOW DROPS for $1.50.
New Year's Cakes,
Pies and Pastry.
New England Bakery
Hotel Street near Bethel.
It is sometimes well to stop Ions
enough to look ahead; to plan for
the future. Now Is the time to re
solve to drink a good beer
You will be surprised how much
you will have improved in looks
and health before the year is out.
Rainier Bottling Works,
AGENTS FOR HAWAII.
Phone White 1331. P. O. Box 157
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
C. Q. Yee Hop &Co.
Received by the last steamer
Turnips, Naval Oranges, Cran
berries, Chestnuts, Oregon Ap
pies, Frozen Oysters.
We also ' have a fine line of HOLI
DAY GOODS, FANCY CANDIES and
BON BONS. TURKEYS alid SUCK
LING PIGS. .
KaMkinni Meat Market
Blue 2511 TELEPHONE Blue 2511
Corner Beretania and Alakea Sts.
RAZORS All kinds and sizes.
STROPS The very latest styles.
SHAVING SOAPS, SHAVING
STICKS, "WITCH HAZEL, COLD
CREAMS. TALC AND VIOLET POW
DERS, HAIR TONICS, BAY RUM.
LEWIS & CO., LTD.
THE BIG GROCERS.
783 Kingr St. The Lewers & Cooke
Bldg. 2402 Telephones 240.
tium AND steins mu
Fort St.. Opposite Star Block.
Have your old SUITS MADB 0
LOOK LIKE NEW. Dyeing and prM
In. Tailoring. The renewing of lAdl
lotting a specialty. Prlee vtry tow.
Phon White 2382.
Paintlnsr In all its branches. Paper- t
hanging and Decorating. . King ana ,
Alakea Streets. P. O. Box 293.
AH PAT & Co.
113 South King, near Alakea.
Expert cutter, formerly with J. D
KTegloan. Cleaning end repairing
REV, OR, S. E. BISHOP
The fortnightly meeting of local pas
tors was well attended yesterday. Rev.
Dr.' S. E. Bishop's paper presented be
low was discussed with great approvaL
CREDIBILITY OF MIRACLES.
God's Revelations of himself as re
corded Jn our Holy Scriptures, are in
extricably associated with miracles.
This is true both of the Old Testament
revelations and of the later ones given
through the Lord Jesus and his apos
tles. Hence the main effort of the op
posers of Christianity is diverted
toward discrediting the reality and ev
en the possibility of miracles. Their
main contention is that miracles are
such subversions of natural law that
they are necessarily impossible, and
therefore a priori incredible.
As a corollary of this conclusion it
follows that all writings alleging mi
raculous occurrences are to be dis
credited. Since miracles are neces
sarily Impossible, such writings assert
ing their performance cannot possibly
be the authentic work of honest eye
witnesses. Thus the genuineness and
authenticity of the whole of our Bible
is at once disproved, and the work of
those higher critics who accept this
principle Is reduced to the task of ac
counting in detail for the existence
of those miracle-recording books and
for their early acceptance by the Is
raelite and Christian churches.
Adopting as their fundamental canon
that miracles are impossible and in
credible, the work of destroying the
credibility of the historical books of
the Bible is pursued with the greatest
industry and ingenuity by the very
large and able class of what are known
as the "Destructive" Higher Critics. In
pursuing this work they indulge in
unlimited conjecture, which with the
utmost conviction they put forward as
valid reasoning. Of course, if mira
cles are absolutely incredible, it is
merely necessary by ingenious conjec
tures to show how such miracles as the
histories assert might easily have come
to be believed. One conjecture is as
good as another to prove the mere pos
sibility of erroneous testimony.
It Is merely necessary for us to un
derstand that the real basis under
lying all the argument of these de
structive critics is the absurdity of be
lieving in any Divine revelation which
is accompanied by the alleged miracles.
From this sole groundwork proceeds all
the ingeniuty used in showing that the
writers of the Gospels and the Acts
were not contemporary -with the events
therein narrated, but were later com
pilers of traditional reports, so that
their testimony to the fact of the mir
acles is destitute of value. And the
same may be said of the destructive
criticism of the Old Testament by
which the whole of Genesis and the
history of Abraham and the patriarchs,
as well as most of the later history of
Israel is relegated to the class of im
The attitude on the subject of mira
cles and revelation now openly as
sumed in our current literature is illus
trated in :the Nineteenth Century of
last October by Walter R. Cassels,
where he dlctatorially declares, "It is
not too much to say that miracles have
been completely discredited. The
central dogmas of the Church, which;
are in themselves miraculous are
dwindling away through the same proc
ess of disintegration." This of course
refers to the great central miracles
of the incarnation and the resurrec
tion of our Lord. It is implied that no
enlightened thinker can any longer
attach weight to these miracles, and
this is calmly asserted In a leading
A leading German professor, Laden-
berg, in a recent address as president
of the National Society of Naturalists,
used the following language with great
applause: "The natural sciences have
step by step undermined the funda
mental assumptions of theology. It is
now almost' an axiom that a miracle
never did take place, and never will
take place. ' The supernatural is pure
ly the product of a vivid imagination.
Even if there is a God, He is not above
His laws in nature. It is now
even possible to trace back men and
animals to a common ancestor, and
it is accordingly Just as rational to
claim immortality for the latter as for
the former. Mankind can only
progress by setting aside all ideas of
the .supernatural. Just In pro
portion as men give up faith in the
beyond will they labor for the good
things of this earth. It is this aspect
of things that awakens the feeling of
fraternal love and cooperation among
men. as is seen by the phenomenal
blessings that resulted from the French
Revolution. The key note or modern
thought tfnust be the realization of the
highest good that the earth affords."
These rantings were greeted by vig
orous applause and no protests, al
though written protests afterwards ap
peared from various sources. The
whole illustrates the increasing accept
ance of the opinion that Science has
proved the untruth of miracles and of
revelation. In view of the great prev
alence of such false teaching among
schools of science, it seems needful
for Christian teachers to get their
minds especially clear as to the facts
It Is under the temporary incentive
of such hostile utterances that tne
nresent essay is composed, embodying
such ideas as lie in the writer's mind
upon the subject of Miracles, probably
wlthout adding new information or
: perhaps any fresh form of thinking to
our current convictions upon tne ques-
1 ... . . - -V. 1
I tions involved
But it may be whole-
n c to romDare thought there-
th f of an increasing cur-
rent of unbelief in God's Word.
SCIENCE AND MIRACLES.
The main point which I am inclined
to emphasize Is that denial of mira
cles is not in the least degree a con
clusion of science or an inference from
any scientific facts. By science I
mean the knowledge of the ws and
order of materia: nature. Knowieuge
which has enormously developed dur
ing tne past century. ivnovweu5e
tnose natural laws, suen as graviwiL,
chemical and electric forces, molecu-
lar constitution or matter, nas uwu m
creased to a vast exieni. j.u
is added an extended knowledge
living organisms and thelrstructure ana
a multitude of the conditions of their
changes and growth. There is also
vastly enlarged understanding of the
stellar universe and the laws of its
constitution and development. So also
with the structure of the human body
and its intricate conditions of disease
and their remedies.
But all these vast and intricate dis
- - - -
REV. DR. S.
coveries of the laws of the material direct Interposition of such personal
world which are embraced in Natural : supernatural force as to produce re
Science do not and cannot have one ! suits or effects manifestly different
word to dictate to our minds as o j from what ,naided natural forces could
what the Creator may or may not do
as to interposing to affect the action
of those laws or even to subvert them.
All that kind of discussion belongs to
another distinct sphere of thought
not to science but to philosophy which
deals with abstract reasoning lying
outside of the sphere of matter with
the intangible, not the tangible and
sensible Whe.i a Ladenberg pre
sumes to assert that "even if there be
a God, He is not above His laws in
Nature," he is simply wandering out
side of the proper sphere of science
which is concerned with defining the
laws found to exist in nature; and
cannot possibly have anything to say
I about the laws governing the conduct
of the Creator. Any reasoning about
: nis conduct belongs to another sphere,
and is wholly outside the jurisdiction
of science, it is mere presumption for
science to dictate any opinion on that
A not unnatural source of confusion
in men's thinking on this point, is in
the fact that the development of scien-
tific knowledge has . relegated many
supposed supernatural incidents to the
sphere of natural law. An instance is
that of thunder, which used to be
thought a supernatural voice of God,
but is now known to be a purely nat-
ural incident. So with a multituri of ,
diseases once supposed to be caused
by supernatural agencies, but now
traced to specific natural causes. Thus
because a great variety of fancied su
pernatural effects have been eliminated
by science, the false and rash con
clusion has been adopted that the ex
istence of all supernatural action has
It may be true that no God exists.
But it is not within the sphere cf
science to prove such a thing. From j
the vast and ordered system of laws
revealed by science, philosophy may j
well infer the activity of a wise and '
perfect creator. It may also be true ,
that the Creator is necessarily debar-
red from subverting any laws of mat- complete subversion of the law of in
ter which He has ordered, or even from ' ertia so as to hold everything in place
personally interposing in any way to while the globe stopped rotating, and
produce a different result from what
would have come to pass without His
interposition. It may be possible
plausibly to support such contentions
,by philosophical reasoning. But the
reasoning will necessarily be philoso-
'phic, and not scientific. Science can-
not possibly meddle with such ques-
tions, without ceasing to be science.
And the conclusions to-be arrived at
must remain unaffected by any amount
of scientific discovery.
, ' . TT-,T . T ,TT
. THE METAPHYSICAL SIDE.
Leaving then science to its own ex-
tensive and entrancing sphere, we find
a very forcible line of metaphysical
reasoning which claims that the Cre-
ator is under a mental and moral ne-
cessity to maintain intact the laws of
the Universe which He has established
It is not to be conceived that He would
in any case, or for any reason what-
ever, change or subvert those laws
even for a single instant. Like Him-
self those laws are immutable. Thi3
conclusion may be correct. But it is
not at all a scientific deduction. It
J is purely metaphysical reasoning, and
not a. leaanne 01 science, and the con
j elusion mignt be arrived at by person
; exirerr.eiy ignorant of natural laws
j .o completeness of scientific explora
i tion or me jaws of the material uni
( verse can possibly avail to prove or
I disprove tne creator's ability or disoo
; sition to alter or subvert any of those
; laws. To assert any such conclusion in
the name or science is very shallow
PYr nn T am c ty,,k : - .1 1
th , llt -
- , the system of natural law of which so
. much is known a3 to feet that there lg
mucn plausibility in the 'contention
j that the creator will hold those laws
- j immutable, and will never change or
subvert them. And here is the- most
of j important distinction to be observed in
, defining the nature of a miracle
Miracles probably never involve any
a violation or natural law. Miracles con-
sist in the manifestation of such oer
j sonai force acting upon Nature as to
j evince the presence and action of a
j supernatural being producing effects
r which could not otherwise take place,
but without any subversion or viola
- tion of natural laws. It is simply the
This thought may be illustrated by
the familiar effects upon matter pro
duced by voluntary human action.
When you see a piece of iron held upon
the surface of water by the visible sup
port of a human hand there is ho mar
vel. But if Elisha's pupil drops his
axehead into a river, and 4t floats upon
the surface, it is called a miracle, be
cause in the former case the support
ing; hand which obstructs the action of
gravity is seen, while in the latter the
supporting agency is an invisible one,
apparently supernatural, manifesting
the presence and power of God or his
angel. In neither case is the law of
gravitation subverted or violated. In
both cases the action of gravity is
simply obstructed by a personal force.
It is certainly competent for us to
credit the doctrine that the Universe
contains a multitude of invisible per
sonal agents, capable of acting upon
the forces of matter just as we human
personal agents do, only with greater
power and skill. And it is equally com
petent for us to believe that the Su-
j preme Creator of all can do the same
(thing with unlimited power and skill,
j without at all violating the laws of
! matter. In all such modifications of
i the effects produced, there is simply a
j new Personal force interposed, and no
suDversion or existing rorces.
In farther illustration of this char
acter of miracles, let us,adduce some
of the most remarkable miracles re
corded in the Bible. Perhaps no
miracle is more apparently sub
versive of great physical laws than
that of the arrest of the motions
of the sun -and moon by Joshua. At
first thought this miracle seems to in-
volve an absolute stoppage of the revo-
lution of the earth upon its axis, the
effect of which would naturally be to
shoot violently into space not only
everything on the surface of the globe
but everything in its interior. Such ef
feet would seem avoidable only by a
again when it resumed its rotation,
Now while I would not deem it nec
essary to insist upon this miracle of
jbshua as a genuine historical record,
it mav be ouit in dace to point out
that an apparently fixed position of
the sun and moon might have been
secured for a short time without any
such violent interference with the laws
0f matter. It simply needed that the
rays of those luminaries should be so
? deflected by refraction or reflection as
i'to make them apparently retain the
game position, Such bendins of their
rays could be produced by the Divine
hand entirely in accordance with the
laws of light by interposing a suitable
medium to refract or reflect them,
Or take again the recorded marvel of
the Hebrew children unconsumed in
the furnace. We need not suppose any
subversion of the laws of heat, but only
such a supernatural reinforcement of
the vital forces of the three persons
as to resist and neutralize the effects
of heat. We may suppose such power
imparted to their living bodies as to
emanate an aura enveloping them and
THE TEST THAT TELLS
You Can Get All the Convinc
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Heading Honolulu Papers.
Whn . . .
uc u-Lury prerers to deal with
ouu,B "e ne can aepend upon.
mueu up m any law suit, a eood.
responsible lawyer is generally the first
Tf , . .... 1
'"- . prairie, directions from
a settler could be relied noon: thn
irom a stranger would be doubted,
The testaY tThetaTo
is tne test of friends and neighbors.
Honolulu people endorse Doan'a Back-
acne .Kidney Pills.
Can you ask for better evidence?
itead this case
Mr. James C. Stevens, of this city, in-
forms us: "I was troubled with an
ache in the small of my back for a long
time, ana such was the condition of
inings until I tried some of Doan's
oacitacne Sidney Fills, which I ob
tained at the Holllster Drus Co's store
A short treatment gave me the desired
relief, and I am satisfied that they are
a gooa remedy for backache and de
serve to be recommended."
Mr. Stevens is one of our own cltl
zens. Is not such testimony stronger
than that of someone living in the
Doan's Backache Kldnev Pills
sold by all chemls'ts and store keepers
at 50 cents per box, six boxes $2.50, or
wiu De mailed on receipt of price by
the Hollister Drug Co., Honolulu,
wnoiesaie agents for the Hawaiian
counteracting the power of heat to con-
sume. That would be an added force,
not a subversion of exciting force. The
unaided body can do much in resisting-
neat and cold. The Divine rower onlv
needs to intensify existing forces, not
to subvert any law of matter.
Anotner illustration may be taken
from the miracle of the loaves and
fishes. In the miraculous multiplication
of the food, strangely growing in quan
tity while being distributed, no subver
sion or violation of existing laws is im
plied. It is only that new forces are
temporarily supplied to gather from
earth and air the needed material sub
stances and combine them into th
newly formed food. A similar combina
tion is effected by natural law in the
ordinary growing of grain or of flesh
In the miracle a corresponding growth
was produced by the Divine power
emanating from the Christ of God. No
law was subverted. Fresh force was
It seems entirely in accord with rea
son to attribute to the Creator and
Giver of Life all extraordinary power
that may be required to accomplish any
one of the miracles on record without
in the least violating or subverting any
one of the established laws of material
nature. Healing the sick, raising the
dead, restoring maimed limbs, need be
only a reinforcing or adding to natural
processes, is it not tnererore com
petent for us entirely to dispense with
any definition of a miracle as a "Viola
tion or subversion of natural law?"
May we not understand a miracle to
be merely the interposition of -divine
power to produce effects not attainable
by mere natural law, or the ordinary
operation of physical forces?
In suggesting this limitation in our
definition of the miracle, it is not in
tended to call in question the power of
the Creator to suspend or clfange the
v , T. , , ,
on PT11 n or or rno TJLTiH c a Tin- t V Arri ia 4n I
our minds a natural reluctance to at-
K tr; , ...,!...
r' " I,w " ? uiu.mjr.
especially when it seems unnecessary
iui me inauuciiiuuii ui nis personal
presence and power. What is known
as tne law or parsimony ' seems to
invite us to avoid so violent a hypo
thesis as the subversion or suspension
of natural law
In the most important and emphatic
sense, such exercise of peculiar super
natural power in miracles seems to ap
propriately attend the presence and
personal activity of a divine being.
Such a Being as was The Christ dur
Ing His Messianic activity, moved
among men, flooded and surcharged, as
it were, with divine power. It was
power both spiritual and physical
Such power poured forth from Him
He was a fountain of divine forces.
Wherever He went He radiated spirit
ual force to turn dying hearts to God
and heavenly life, and He emanated
physically healing forces, and forces
controlling matter. He laid the storm
in winds and waves to rest. He mar
shalled the organic forces of matter in
to food. He cowed and stilled the
frenzy of wild demons. All these won
derful powers were appropriate mani
festations of God manifest in the flesh.
And in like manner, whenever Jeho
vah the Living God of the Old Testa
ment manifested Himself among men,
displays of supernatural power seem
to have been wholly appropriate and
natural. The burning bush, the fiery
pillar, the rocking, flaming Sinai, the
daily manna, all were natural mani
festations of the divine presence.
Jehovah God was visiting His people.
A divine revelation unattended by
miraculous manifestations of supernat
ural power would seem to be unnat
ural and unsuitable. Where God re
veals himself the mighty manifesta
tions of His personal presence must be
the appropriate and the expected. Our
divine religion emanatin
the real, personal,
almighty God, is
therefore necessarily a revelation at- j
tended by miracles. They are not
merely signs of the divine presence, but
spontaneous and inseparably attendant
on that presence, as sparks are to a
Not only then are miracles credible.
but divine revelation unattended by
miracles would be incredible.
IT WILL NOT DO to fool with a bad
cold. No one can tell what the end
will be. Pneumonia, catarrh, chronic
bronchitis and consumption invariably
result from a neglected cold. As a
medicine for the cure or coids, coughs
and influenza, nothing can compare
with Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. It
always cures and cures quickly. Ben
son, Smith & Co., Ltd., Wholesale
Agents, sell it.
Secure a home on Pacific Heights and
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Deposits received and interest allow-
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