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T U. S. WEATHER BUREAU. SEPTEMBER 22
SUGAR 96 Test Centrifugal 4.255 Cent
9 Pw Ton, SS5.I0; 83 Analysis Beets, 10s llds Per
I Last 24 hours' rainfall trace; temperature, max. 85; I
mm. 73; weather, Cloudy and valley showers.
y ion, 57.20.
Established July a, 1856.
VOL. XXXIX., NO. 6905.
HONOLULU, HAWAII TERRITORY, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1904.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
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CECIL BROWN WRITES, ROBERTSON ANSWERS
It May be Elsewhere
To the Electors of the Third Senatorial District of the Territory
of Hawaii: ; :
At the request of many voters 'residing on the Island of Oahu
and elsewhere in this Territory, I have decided to run as an inde
pendent Republican candidate for tlae office of Senator in this Sen
atorial District, notwithstanding the "'fact that I failed to secure a
nomination from the Republican Convention held in Honolulu on
the 1 6th inst. . '
I claim that an unwarrantable interference by certain officers
of the Executive Department of the Territory caused my defeat in
that Convention, and that these persons used the power of their
offices directly and coercively in theJConvention, particularly among
the ofhee holding delegates, to compel a vote against me regardless
A million dollar Federal building- Is
in. store lor wonoiuiu m tne near
future. The Treasury Department has
taken up the bill introduced by Dele
gate Kalanianaole and is pushing the
matter. A few days ago the local Fed
eral officials were ordered to send to
the department an estimate of the a
xnount of floor space required by their
Tespective departments. At the same
time a request was made that the offl
ials ascertain the wishes of the mer
chants of the city as to the site of
the proposed building. The cost of the.
structure which would house all the
Federal departments in this city was
estimated by the "Washington officials
.as about one million dollars
In December of 1902 the United
:States government sent Commissioner
Eustis to Hawaii to obtain e ideas
of the people as to site and to as
certain the' needs of the IslandsrAfter
much discussion the Bishop lot op
posite the Young Hotel was chosen;
Mr. Kutis took the recommendation
to Washington. Now, it seems as if
the whole matter were to be opened
The plan was to have the Bishop
Estate exchange its property for land
owned by the Territory and then for
the Territory to present the site thus
acauired to the government. It now
appears that the Federal officials do
not wish to have the land presented
to them by the Territory but would
prefer to buy It In 'the open market
They want a site bounded
sides by streets. .'
The1 matter was laid before the Mer-
-chants' Association yesterday and con
siderable discussion ensued. The sent!
iiient of the association was decidedly
for the Bishop site as being central
a.nd convenient. Objection was made
r it on account of Its . narrrowness
-which would be a handicap if a build
ing as large as that planned were
-erected on.it. It was pointed out that
no room would be f left for a lawn or
park around it. Nevertheless, the ad
vantages of the site seemed to out
weigh the disadvantages named.
Several other locations were men
tioned, the old Gibson property near
the Opera House and the Young Hotel
"being among them. Several contended
that it would cost less to remodel the
Address to Voters and
Editor Advertiser: I have read with
interest Mr. Cecil Brown's address to
the voters of this island. : In it he ad
mits that it was his "intention to abide
by the decision of the convention," but
rlalms "that an nrni'Brpnntahls inter.
. 4 , ' ot tne personal convictions ot the delegates and the wishes of their
ference by certain officers of the Exec- 1 . , , , r ,
constituents. Much of the proof of this charge came to me after
auveulviunnlul,T-!theConvention had acted, and I feel that' the issues thus raised
ed my defeat in that Conventionand are of guch miportance to everv citizfn of the Territory that I should
that these persons used the power of put the matter to the test as I propose.
their offices directly and coercively in . One of the chief functions of fjhe Legislature is to review and
the convention, particularly among the . pass judgment upon the. acts of the; Executive Branch of the Gov
ernment, and if members of the Executive are allowed to manipulate
the selection by the people of , men4 to sit. in judgment upon their
official conduct, the evil that will result is self-evident, particularly
if office holders are permitted to use the power and, prerogatives
of their offices in securing control of these Conventions, and beat
ing down, and silencing opposition and protestation by individual
voters. In my opinion the Executive should not interfere with the
legislative or judicial departments; such departments should be
kept separate and distinct one from the otner as each has its sepa
rate and distinct duty to perform in carrying out the functions of
It had been my intention to abide by the decision of the Con
vention, but the circumstances' are -such and the mischief of allow
ing such practice's to take root arid establish themselves in our
politics so manifest, the result so certain that when established
they will naturally be turned more and more openly against good
government and legitimate and wholesome criticism and arrayed
on the side of corruption and bad government, and used to sup
press and intimidate public opinion and personal freedom of speech,
that I believe an opportvinity should be offered in a clear and un
mistakeable manner to the voters to "express "their judgment and
conviction upon these methods.
Under these circumstances my candidacy as an independent
Republican naturally follows.
Honolulu, bept. 22, 1904.
Young building than to build a new
structure. Mr. Von Hamm intimated
that the building might be sold If a
satisfactory off er w-as . made. It was
urged that the' matter of a site should
be thoroughly discussed so that rec
ommendation might be ready before
The request of Delegate Kuhlo that
the Chamber of Commerce and Mer
rhants' Association assist financially
in nmintsinin? a competent secre
tary to the. delegate In "Wash
ington was discussed by the "Ver
ants' Associa tion. The idea is to
supplement the $1200 allowed yearly by
'rvn-rcj thic numose so that a
man may be obtained who will be able
to help push Hawaii's interests at the
capital. ,The matter was favorably
discussed and referred to committee.
Fifth .District Opinion.
"I consider the Advertiser hit the
Republican nominations for the Fifth
District just right," a well-known Re
publican worker of that district said
$ Issue, the speaker added. "How
' could the racial line be more strictly
drawn than it has been against the
white man in the Fifth District?"
ornce-noicnng delegates to compel a
vote against me regardless of the per
sonal convictions of the delegates and
the wishes of their constituents."
This is his excuse for bolting the
party and running for thr Senate in
opposition to the regular Republican
nominees. Is his action justified by
the circumstances alleged? I will not
go Into a discussion of the correctness
or otherwise of those matters because
I contend that even if what Mr. Brown
says is true-Jt Is no excuse for be
traying his friends and supporters
and being false to his party. I agree
with the Hon. Elihu Root, when, refer
ring to the tendency of officials to trans
gress the proper limitations of official
power, he said, "Such a process general
ly is most Injurious. If continued long
enough, it results In an attitude of per
sonal superiority which Is inconsistent
with our Institutions." But Mr. Root
followed this up, saying: "Abundant
evidence that our people have not be
come indifferent to the necessary limi
tations is furnished by the frequency
with which political opponents impute
disregard of them to public officers.
The charge is often unfounded and
often made upon slight foundation with
great exaggeration. But tb. fact that
it Is made shows tnat political leaders
recognize that if they cao make the
people believe a public officer has
usurped power he will be condemned
without regard to his motives."
If the influence of office-holders is
being improperly or unfairly used in
the Republican party for the purpose
of manipulating party action and thus
becoming an evil the proper way to
remedy the evil is by agitation, argu
ment and work within the party, and
if Mr. Brown was a sincere Repub
lican he should have, by taking an ac
tive and aggressive interest in thi par
ty's affairs (something he has not here
tofore done), sought to have remedied
the matter in an open and fair manner.
He has no moral right to bolt the ticket
without first having exhausted every
legitimate means within party lines to
bring about a reform in respect to the
matter of which he complains.
A'physician is in duty bound to faith
fully treat his patient even though the
disease were contracted in the commis
sion of crime.
A lawyer must loyally defend his
client even though he believes him to
be guilty, .
A politician must be true to and
honest with, his party even if Improper
methods are used to secure certain'ends
The very form of our government re
quires the formation and maintenance
of political parties divided on broad yet
definite lines in order that the party in
power may have opposed to it an honest
and virile opposition. Only in this way
can a healthy administration of public
affairs be attained.
"Without party loyalty parties could
not exist: there would then be chaos
TTien an aspirant for office allows his
name to go before a political conven
tion for nomination every principle of
fair-play, common honesty and politi
cal good faith requires that he should
bow to the will of the majority and
abide by the result of the convention's
vote. It is only on tne unaersianaiug
that Mr. Brown recognized this rule
and was willing to observe it that his
friends in the convention endeavored to
secure his nomination. Any act on his
part in contravention of this simple yet
fundamental rule Is absolute bad faith
It justifies the opposition of those who
: .v , ; - t : ' i r
MODEL OF THE BOGATYR.
Oyama Detaches Troops for Port
Arthur ServiceRussian Losses
(AS3007ATSD FHXS3 OLSXBAITTS J
VLADIVOSTOK, Sept. 23. Repairs have been completed cn
the Bogatyr, Rossia and Gromoboi.
opposed his nomination in the conven
tion. Those who, in good faith, supported
him have been betrayed in the worst
possible way. A bolt such as Mr.
Brown has made strikes at the verv
foundation of healthy and honest party
politics without which our free institu
tions cannot be maintained.
There is only one thing for the voters
to do, especially, at this time when it
is so essential that the great Xational
party lines should be imbedded in the
political life of our community, and that
is to treat the bolter as a man who
places his own Interests ahead of those
of his party and who is therefore unfit
for further public service.
A. G. M. ROBERTSON.
Honolulu, Sept. 22, 1904.
MANY REPUBLICAN MEETINGS ARE TO BE HELD
According to plans -determined upon
at two committte meetings in Repub
lican Headquarters last night every
day of the campaign from now until
election day will be used for diligent
The committee concerning meeting
dates decided that meetings should be
held in both the Fourth and Fifth dis
tricts every evening until the campaign
Prince Cupid and the candidates for
the Senate will devote th coming week f
to the Fifth district and the Delegate
will spend the following week on Ka
The committee on campaign litera
ture m the Hawaiian language decided
that documents should be issued by
the Central Committee from time to
time and that each district could pub
lish literature pertaining to its own
NEXT ODD FELLOWS' CONVENTION.
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 23. The Odd Fellows have recon
sidered their decision to hold their next annual convention in Phila
delphia and will meet instead at Washington.
BRITISH MERCHANT KIDNAPPED.
TANGIER, Sept. 23. A British merchant named Lee,
at Rabat, has been kidnapped by tribesmen.
The Bogatyr was one of the four original powerful cruisers
which comprised the Vladivostok fleet. On May 20th, during a
'pg they essel .wen t ashore near Vladivostok. It was stated at the
time that the Russians had dismantled her and that she would be
a total wreck. The Rossia and Gromoboi were severely damaged
in the naval battle of Korea Straits.
MORE TROOPS FOR PORT APTHUP
MUKDEN, Sept. 23. Marshal Oyama has detached a consid
erable force for service against Port Arthur. The weather is colder
here. Many Chinese are leaving.
I AN AFFAIR OF SCOUTS.
ST. PETERSBURG, Sept. 23.A detachment under General
Rennenkampff, while reconnoitering, lost two officers and nine men
killed and three officers and twenty-three men wounded.
TOKIO, Sept. 22. It is believed that the Japanese have cap
tured the fort west of Etzshan Heights, overlooking Port Arthur.
ST. PETERSBURG, Sept. 22. The revised list of the Rursiaii
casualties at the battle before Liaoyang shows 1181 killed, 10,811
wounded and 12 12 left on the battlefield.
ST. PETERSBURG, Sept. 22. The Japanese are continuing
unsuccessful attempts to turn the Russian left. Oyama's advance
is thirty miles south of Fushan where a fight is -expected to occur.
DEATH OF JOSEPH
THE GREAT CHIEF
OF THE NEZ PERCES
SPOKANE, Sept. 23.Joseph, chief of the Nez Perces, is dead.
ine story of Chief Joseph of the Nez , ord made by any Indian trih. -
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ATTEMPT TO ASSASSINATE.
ODESSA, Sept. 23. An unsuccessful attempt has been made
to assassinate the chief of police.
AUSTRIA BUYS TORPEDO BOATS.
VIENNA, Sept. 23. Austria has ordered 22 torpedo boats built
LADY CURZ0N BETTER.
LONDON, Sept. 23. Lady Curzon is better. She has peri-
Perce Indians is one of the romances
of America's dealings with the red-
What is now the State of Idaho and
part of Oregon was the original home
of the Nez Perces. The tribe welcom
ed and succored Lewis and Clark on
their wonderful expedition to the Pa
cific In 1804. It was the Nez Perces
who sent a delegation East and asked
that the '"Book" might be sent them
that they might leam the white man's
religion. They welcomed Whitman
and Spalding, the devoted mission-iri-is,
protected exploring parties and settlers
from other tribes, refused to listen to
the proposals of the Mormons that
they join against the United States,
both before and during the Civil War,
and. within a period of almost seven
ty years there is only one case on rec
ord where a Nez Perce shed the blood
of a white man, and that happened In
a brawl in 1S62. In all of our history,
perhaps, there is no such friendly rec-
. of the Nez Perces. Their reward was
treatment which one hlstorUn charac
terized as "the meanest, most con
temptible, least jusUfiable thing of
which the United States was ever
The white men crowded in about
their lands and by various devices
tried to gain possession of it. The
government tried to force the Indians
to remove to a small reservation. Gen.
O. O. Howard was sent out from
Washington to enforce the order. Th
Indians were given thirty days to
move. Joseph saw that it was In
evitable and wished the tribe to move
but hot-headed braves prevented this.
The 30 days passed and some of them
started out to kill. Within three days
20 white settlers were murdered. The
Nez Perces placed the bodies of their
victims on horseback and paraded
them through the camp. White Bird,
next in authority to Chief Joseph, who
(Continued on page 2.)