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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL' ADVERTISER, HONOLULU, JANUARY
HACK AT LILIKALAirS
CLARK ON A
f - 4
J. - "2
WE SELL REAL ESTATE.
"WE KENT HOUSES.
VE COLLECT BENTS.
WE EXPEET BOOKS.
WE ACT AS RECEIVERS, COM
3IISSIONERS AND REFEREES.
WE ARE APPRAISERS, AND OUR
TELEPHONE IS NO. 424
Office and Salesroom o
COR. FORT AND QUEEN STS.
FISHER, ABLES CO., LTD.
SATURDAY, JAN. 21, 1905,
AT 10 A. M.
At our new salesroom corner Fort
and Queen streets, opposie H. Hack
feld & Co.. we will sell a large and
.good selection of
And Many Other Things.
FISHER, ABLES CO., LTD.
Keal Estate Agents, Auctioneers,
Accountants, Ilent Collectors, Etc.
SATURDAY, JAN. 21, 1905,
At 12 O'CLOCK NOON,
At our sales-room, corner Fort and
Queen streets, by order Mortgagees of
the American Stables, we will sell
Consisting of BUSINESS BUGGIES,
FISHER, ABLES CO., LTD.
Cor. Fort and Queen Streets.
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 1, 1905,
Uoon the premises. No. 732 Kinau
street. We will sell by order of W
Tfluger, Esq., at his residence,
732 Kinau street, mauka side a
Joors Waikiki of Alapai street.
Consisting of: Cane and Wicker La-
nai Chairs, a new fceuer nano, unit-
ments, Rugs. Couches. Settees, Ebony
Tables, Pedestals fine large extension
Joining Table, Oak Sideboard, Cutlery,
Plated Ware, Crockery, China, Double
and Single Iron and Brass Bedsteads,
Wardrobes, Bureaus, jnosquiio xxers, -jocular mood of a real estate agent, Fernandez and others. My grand
Bed Linen, Table Linen, Elegant Black there neVer has been a truer statement mother Helenaheananui married Haka.
Walnut Chambers Sets, Chiffoniers, ma(Je what would California be with Their issue was: Kalawaianuiakanoa,
Curney Refrigerator, Sunrise Wood thg cjfmate Gf Maine; or Hawaii with Kaaanuiokiholo, Kanuha, Kaauakapu,
Stove, like new; Jewel Gasolene Range, tnat of Tyijnnesota? Our climate for Helenaheananui.
Meat Safe, Cooking Utensils, Water productjon: our geographical position ' My father Kalawaianuiakanoa mar-
Cooler, Provisions, Uiassware, iiose,
etc., etc., etc.
FISHER, ABLES CO., LTD.
Real Bstate Agents, Auctioneers,
Cor. Fort and Queen Streets.
COTTAGE of six rooms on left hand
side of Piikoi street from King street,
being the middle cottage of three
between King and Young street
Contains six rooms, bath, electric
lights, etc. : rent $25: vacant February
1. Can be inspected Immediately." 1
FISHER, ABLES CO., LTD.
Real Estate Agents and Auctioneers.
Corner Fort and Queen streets.
Maile Ilima vs.
AT BASEBALL. GROUNDS.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 21.
Kick off at 3:45 sharp.
Admission $ .25
Children under 15 years .10
Season Tickets 2.00
Tickets for sale at Woods & Shel
MR. CHAS. W. LEADBEATER
F. T. S. and M. R. A. S.
Will deliver a lecture on the
Results of THEOSOPHY,
ALEXANDER YOUNG HOTEL
On Saturday. January 21. S p. m.
Admission Silver Cojn.
Extra large cocoanuts for
polishing or carving for cups
calabashes, etc. New lot of
Hawaii & South Seas Curio Co
Alexander Young HMg.
Wahiawa, Oahu. II. T., Sept. 8, 1S04.
Hon. Geo. R. Carter. Governor Terri
tory of Hawaii.
Sir: In complying with your request
for a report on the agricultural
development and conditions of Hawaii,
I shall of necessity confine myself to
the Island of Oahu when speaking of
specific results, as all my experience
during my seven years residence in tne
islands h;is been from sea level to 1200
feet elevation on this island. The mat
ter of each 1000 feet of elevation has
greater influence on climatic adapta
bility for various crops than is usually
believed by those without actual ex
perience, and is an unanswerable ar
gument for the conducting of experi
mental planting from sea level to the
upper line of possioie agrieuuui n
development. We have on these islands
the widest range for diversified plant
ing of any portion of the United States,
and the possibilities of our develop
ment along that line are not appreci
ated by our people. We not only have
diversity of conditions produced by the
different altitudes, ranging from sea
level with its complete tropical condi
tions to the high mountain plain with
winter snows, but we have also every
climate from the arid dryness of Cali
fornia to that of 200 inches rainfall per
annum. It would seem that these is
lands i had been created that man
should enjoy the manifold products of
all climates and all countries. Tet
scarcely anything has been done to
open up and develop our wonderful re
sources except in the production of
sugar, which is exported to the main
land in a raw state to be used large
ly Jn preserving fruits many of which
I can be grown here. We have besides
a long list of varieties not grown else
where in the United States and for
which there is an unlimited demand.
We can never become a really great
state unti we do more to make possi
ble a citizen class of residents engaged
in producing the principal portion of
their own food and able to convert the
surplus into the most valuable mar
ketable form: and this .surplus should
be greater per acre than in any other
state. Until we approach this condi
tion we shall have no agriculture
worth comparing with other portions of his petition to the United States
of the United States, for we are not congress through my great-grand-making
proper use of our opportun- Kanuha the ereat. is absolutely
ities. It should be easier to produce
' S100 from an acre of average land in
Hawaii than $10 from the average farm
east of tne Mississippi river; not that
our poil is superior to theirs. but sole-
ly t,ecause Df climatic conditions. It
wag a common saying in Southern
California that climate was sold, not
land Although this originated in the
VantaP noint for distribution, are
our great resources,
use of the "talents"
Why not make
that have been
There was a time when Hawaii sup-
plied California with flour; also pota-
toes and other vegetables. But now
California produces her own and sends
part of the surplus here. We should
I produce enough vegetables for our own
we and have a surplus to send to Cali-
fornia during the winter months when
she does not grow many kinds suffi-
cient for her needs. Insect pests have
been, and now are, the great hind-
ranee to producing many crops. These
pests have all been introduced, and
n time will be brought under control
as they are in other countries.
By persistent effort we have demon
strated at Wahiawa that all the leaa
, ing vegetables of the finest quality can
be produced if the insect enemies can
be kept under control; and we can say
from the past years' experience thit
we believe we can successfully cope
with many of these pests. We have
found aphids one of the won't enemies
to fodder crops, such as corn, sorg
hum, cow-peas, etc., but by selecting
the time of planting we have been able
to get crops at certain seasons of the
year. Sweet potatoes grow well at all
seasons and are not seriously inter
fered with by the pests. They are of
fine quality for table use and good food
for stock. An experimental crop of
Bayo beans (the frijole of the Mexican)
was a decided success the past winter.
They ripen in May and June and are
superior to the imported at that sea
son, being much fresher than the "Id
crop harvested the previous summer
in California. This crop shoulj be
made profitable here, as fresh stork
for June delivery is of considerable
value for ship supples. This bean is
also used very extensively by the Japs
in place of kinds imported from Japan.
Thousands of bags of this crop can be
marketed at the California price p'us
freight from the coast, so it is a very
promising crop for the small farmer.
Large quantities of these beans coa'd
be used by the army and navy, vo
doubt, if a supply could be depended
upon. I shall plant of the small white
navy bean the coming winter, experi
mentally, and more extensively laler
if there is a prospect of a market, but
I am free to confess I am getting
"tired" both in purse and mind with
experimental work that should be done
by the government. Such experiments,
if successful, onlv lead to additional
taxation values being placed on the
property and crops. The arbitrary valu-
iuihwiwiu'"ii Miiiiiili. '"" ""-' uimwiiwiiKiiniinipui MinuMjmm
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Editor Advertiser: Allow me space
in your column in reference to your
morning's issue. What glitters is not
I see Mr. Edward Lilikalani is
scheming through the second Kanuha
as his great-grandfather is another
To settle dispute I shall take steps
to convict Mr. Edward Lilikalani of
his two fraudulent genealogies in his
both paragraphs. He claims what he
is not and which he has made a part
j Kanuha the great's grand issues was
my grandmother Helenaheananui,
' Kanain;l Kalakuilino, Makakau-
Kamana issue was Mahina, the
grandfather of Kalama, mother of A.
ried Kahoupooulumealani (Kaholo).
ation of $500 per acre placed on bana-
na- is an . nple of tax values placed
on ciops. 'ihe system of taxation on
growing crops is wrong and our tax
system needs revising. The exemption
of the pineapple industry from taxa-
tion for five years by the last legisla-
ture is a relief from unjust taxation,
but a questionable policy if a just
system of taxation prevailed. Whac
is most needed is justice in taxation
rather than snecial exemption. The
farmer of average intelligence is not
seeking the special favor of relief from
his due share of maintaining the gov-
ernment, but rather that the burden be
equalized and values for taxation
placed on tangible assets, rather than
on crops that may be in existence at
tax time, and never harvested from
some of the many causes that often
prevent him reaping what he has sown.
Another crop which has received spe-
cial favor from the last legislature in
the way of exemption is "manioc" or
cassava, from the tuber of which starch,
tapioca and "manioca meal" are ob
tained. This plant is one of the most
valuable crops to be grown if properly
made use of. It is of great value for
fattening all kinds of animals as well
as for the products that are manu
tactured from it. Its period of matur
ity is about nine or ten months but
the tuber will remain in the ground for
months without deterioration, increas
ing in size. "Manioca meal" is as im
portant an item of food for large com
munities of South America as rice to
the Orientals. I believe this will be
the great "emergency ration" for our
army in case of siege to these islands
if such an event should ever take place.
No one plant used with meat, will
produce so much valuable food in an
available fresh state: for it can be
dug as needed practically every month
of the year. This fact in a climate like
ours where al! cereal foods soon spoil
or become infected by insects is of the
utmost importance in selecting an
available food for emergency use, and
it will be found much better than
sweet potatoes and yams. From the
meal a very palatable bread or cake
is made by the people of South Amer
ican countries besides being used in
porridge and various other ways; the
tuber is also roasted like potatoes.
This plant is grown quite extensively
on Kauai, where tarch is manufac
tured and the waste used for fatten
The pineapple industry is making
Makaualiikane is the father of Wana
oa, mother of John Ii. Her mother's
ancestors were Kapuleiolaa one of the
wives of Kanaloaawoo, also of his first
wife, Sarai Hiwauli, therefore they
were first cousins.
Kanaina II is my cousin's grand
father. Hattie Hiram Kanaina, Solo
mon Hiram Kanaina. Moana il mar
ried Kukalohe. Their issue was Ki
holo, not Kanuha the second nor is
Kanuha II, the father of Kamakau;
neither is Kamakau, the father of Ka
nihomauole. Kalimakuhi and Kiilaweau were the
parents of Kanihomauole their issue
was Kanele and two others.
Moana II was a sister to Kahanau
malani, this issue was Napuupahoehoe
I, grandfather of Hoapili Baker. ,
Kihoio, the son of Moana II and Ku-
kalohe, his issue was Kanutia II and
Kekumano by his first wife Pupii.
I Kihol' th second wife- w Kahe"
i ana, their issue was Namakaokinau.
'This lady married his half brother
Kanuha II. their issue was Naohu-
iPnui. Kekumano, the sister of Ka-
nuha II, daughter of Kihoio and Pii
pii who married the son of Nalupipio
and Piipii. His name respectively was
Piilanikane. Their issue was Punapa-paeku-o-Kiholo,
she was born at Wai
mea, Kauai. This lady is the mother
of Kaumana Widemann. Kolia, Aka-
rapid strides and has passed all ex
perimental stages as far as growing kinds taking the place of hay; for in
ana marketing are concerned. The1 most districts rain interferes with cur
writer has successfully shipped fresh 5ng and harvesting, and other crops
fruit by express to New York, Boston must be looked to by the farmer for
and Washington, and various inland profit. Sorghum, Kaffir corn, corn, cow
cities, without the use of ice. The high 1 peas, Para, Guinea and Bermuda grass
express rates to interior and Eastern I (maniania) are the principal plants re-
points will not warrant an extensive
wholesale trade, but the fact of reach
ing Eastern points demonstrates what
can be done so far as the keeping ally found in the tropics are grown
quality of the fruit is concerned. Means successfully when planted in the proper
for more economical transportation will locations. Many of these could be made
no doubt come later on. The canned profitable items of export if produced in
product takes the lead in the mainland quantity. The papaia is one of the
markets for quality over the fruit from most popular of tropical fruits, grow
other countries, the demand exceeding ing well everywhere with little care
the supply. About 15,000 cases will be after once getting a start. Coffee has
shipped from this island (Oahu) and been grown for years and had quite a
possibly 10.000 more cases from the re- boom in the early nineties, but was
mainder of the group. Wahiawa, Oa
hu, is taking the lead as a pineapple
center, conditions here being especial
ly favorable for the growing of the
fruit. The smooth Cayenne is grown
exclusively and the quality, both as
a canned product and as fresh fruit
cannot be excelled.
Grapes grow well 011 the islands, ma
turing two crops per j-ear when pruned
with that end in vicv. Fresh graces
are to be had every month of the year
in Honolulu. The Isabella and Con
cord are grown principally, as they re
sist the attacks of the Japanese beetle
(a serious pest) better than the Eu
ropean varieties. The growing of the
finest table grapes should be profitable,
as fruit can be placed on the markets
on the mainland during March, April,
May and June, when the market is
bare. The Japanese beetle i the only
serious enemy thus far, and it has been
successfully combated by some of the
growers around Honolulu.
The banana business is growing rap -
idly. Hilo (Hawaii)
taken up the growing
quite extensively; and other points will
follow as transportation facilities are
available. The shipments from Hono-
lulu have not increased materially ow
ing to available land along the rail
way being taken for sugar. As before
mentioned the arbitrary tax valuation
r( $500 per acre on bananas is ex:ersive
and not very encouraging to those do
ing propaganda work in the interests
of the minor industries of these is
The growing of hay and srrfiin. ex
rent corn, will never b extensively
carried on. green fodders if va
I REMNANT SALE
i & & v fc v j w t w w w k v fc w4 j fcSt j, j,
I Washington knew how to seize the opportunity. So did
) Lincoln, and Grant. So do the Japanese today.
I Why should not YOU take the opportunity of our im-
l mense REMNANT SALE that be-ins
.thousands of dry goods
of goods and lengths will be
to take your pick.
Remnants of Silk,
Remnants of Woollen Goods,
Remnants of White Good-?,
Remnants of Silk Zephyrs,
Remnants of Batiste,
s FCIF'IO IMPORT CO. f
TASTE PDIMfl Use
is Ir Ix&1t!w Shows
THE IRl ppp ,ts Gooi
TEST DCCi Results
They are dry, safe and reliable.
Porcelain lined and very easily
Altogether the best refriger
H. HACKFELD & CO., LTD.
lied upon for forage
Mangoes, alligator pears, oranges
and limes, and most of the fruits usu-
planted indiscriminately in unfavor
able locations, which, together with low
prices, caused a reaction and abandon
ment of large areas. Some few plant-
ers with favorable locations and gifted
with more faith than others, have
maintained their plantations, produc
ing an excellent quality of berry that
is beginning to command better prices
on account of quality, regardless of the
price of the foreign product, and it is
confidently hoped that coffee may yet
be a paying crop in Hawaii.
The cattle industry is ibo.it the ci ly
one supplying the local demand, and
this only so far as meat is concerned.
It is almost exclusively a pastoral in
dustry, very little feeding to fatten
being done, most of the fattening be
ing done on the gnis? r:mi?i- jr i-lons;
the coast on the Algaroba b-.H:s (Pro
The dairy industry mainly consists
of supplying milk to Honolulu and
other cities and towns of the group,
!onl - v pl,-a11 quantities of butter being
produced. as good miiK ana ouur
can iw produced a.s on me mum 1.1 iiu.
nut very little comes up to tne stand
ard of quality maintained for dairy
products on the mainland, and many
say it cannot be done: but th writer
is successtully marketing milk of. 4.."
per cent to 5.2 per cent butter fat.
with 1?, to 14 per cent solids in Hono
lulu, hauling, the same nine mi!-s by
wagon, then twelve miles by rail, ar
riving in goo, condition. This should
show that conditions are not very dif
ferent from other count rie-, and failure
to produce and market dairy produce ir
good condition is due to methods, not
to unfavorable climatic or other con-
remnants of every description
sacrificed, and you are welcome
Remnants of India Unon.
Remnants of Every Descriptions of
Remnants of Draperies.
ditions. .These islands have the finest
climate in the world, yet we find it
blamed for all the failures of what
ever nature our industries are heir to
and without any just cause.
We find the mechanic working in the
foundry, at the blacksmith forge, lay
ing and quarrying stone, laying tin.
roofs on new buildings, digging in the
sewer trench, tending the boilers on
the steamships through the trop
ics across the equator, and in every
conceivable occupation where the white
man wants to work, but nine out of
ten citizens will tell you they cannot
work on the farm in the tropics. Why
such statements are made by promi
nent men in Honolulu is more than tin
writer can understand. Having been
brought up on the farm in California,
doing all kinds of farm work there
and here, I am ready to affirm that it
fa not more trying to labor in the sun
here than in California. On my own
farm here white men are working, do
ing any kind of work, as comfortably
as in California. All such statement.-
are made by persons who have not
tried it, do not wish to labor, or for
ulterior motives. There is little us
claiming productiveness of .--oil and
climate, inviting settlers to come and
be farmers and citizens with us, if this
statement that the white man cannot
labor in this climate stands unchal
lenged. It is a misstatement, as can
be verified by any one who is seeking
the truth. If one tries to work in un
sanitary, or otherwise unhealthy con
ditions, he must pay the penalty as
he 'would in any country. There are
such unhealthy local conditions in
places cm these islands, as well as
elsewhere, but the reputation of the
whole Territory cannot in justice lie
ba-ed on such merely local conditions:
such conditions are the exception, not
the rule. The question of agricultural
labor is such an important 01, that
in any discussion of an agricultural
topic it necessarily comes forward, and
must be my excuse, if any be necessary,
for digressing from the main topic.
Very r-spfct fully,
BY RON O. CLARK.
The Sierra got away yesterday morn
ing about ten o'clock, twenty hours be
hind h-r schedule. She took -n 7"
ton of coal instead of the usual 600
0 as to be able to go at f-p speed and
-j-et to Auckland and Sydney on time
with the mails.
f. ' -i