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SUNDAY ADVERTISER, APRIL 2, 1905
REMINISCENCES OF THE
REIGN OF KAMEHAMEHA II!
J. A. Cummins; written by J. W
Kauikeaouli, sen of Kamehameha I.
and Keopuolani, was born at Keauhou,
I'Corth Kona, Hawaii, on March IT,
1313. At the age of twelve he was pub
licly proclaimed King In succession to
his brother, Liholiho, Kamehameha II.
who had died in England, July 13, 1824.
His aunt, Kaahumanu, was
liegent during the minority of the
King. Kauikeaouli assumed the Gov-
f rnlnt n reachilY? the age of twenty
He was married to Kalama, daughter
cf Xaihekukui, in 1837, but there was ,
no issue of the marriage. j
He is always spoken of by the people
as "kealiimaikai." the good king. The
missionaries had arrived in 1820 and
he had the advantage of a good edu-
cation although he spoke English im- j
perfectly. Unfortunately he acquired
Intemperate habits through association j
wim BOKi. wovernur oi vjanu, wno was
I was born in 1SC4 and during my
boyhood saw very much of him as he ,
and the young chiefs spent much time j
at our homestead, Ahipuu. in Nuuanu j
Valley. They frequently assembled at .
Luakaha, Mr. C M. Cooke's valley
come now, which -was uin uuverru
with a dense koa forest. There they
THE BRIGHT SIDE
of life. It is a feeling common
to the majority of us that we
do not get quite the amount of
happiness we are entitled to.
Among the countless things
which tend to make U3 more or
less miserable ill health takes
first place. Hannah More said
that sin was generally to be at
tributed to biliousness. No doubt
a crippled liver with the result
ing impure blood, is the cause of
more mental gloom than any
other single thing. And who
can reckon up the fearful aggre
gate of pain, loss and fear a
rising from the many diseases
which are familiar to mankind;
like a vast cloud it hangs over
a multitude no one can number.
You can see these people every
where. For them life can scarce
ly be said to have any "bright
side" at all. Hence the eager
ness with which they search for
relief and cure. Remedies like
have not attained their high po
sition in the confidence of the
people by bald assertions and
boasting advertisements. They
are obliged to win it by doing
actually what is claimed for them.
That this remedy deserves its
reputation is conceded. It is
palatable as honey and contains
the nutritive and curative prop
erties of Pure Cod Liver Oil,
combined with the Compound
Syrup of Hypophosphites, Ex
tracts of Malt and Wild Cherry.
Nothing has such a record of
success in Scrofula, Influenza,
Throat and Lung Troubles, and
emaciating complaints and dis
orders that tend to undermine
the foundations of strength and
vigour. Its use helps to show
life's brighter side. Professor
Reddy, of Canada, says : "I have
much pleasure in stating that I
have used it in cases of debility
and found it to be a very valu
able remedy as well as pleasing
to take." You cannot be disap
pointed in it. Sold by chemists.
165 S. Kinpr Street,
Tel. Main 61.
There Is now on exhibition at the
Aquarium a very beautif ll green
fish which Hawaiians call the
It Is well worth a special .rip to
The Aquarium Is now open at the
Daily, except Sunday 10 a. m. to
5 p. m.
Saturdays 7 to 9:30 p. m.
Sundays 1 p. m. to 9:30 p. m.
mil mm m mm w&u
lTcrt Street, epposite Star Block.
CLEANED AT LOWEST
Phone "Whit 2S62.
practiced mimic war and there games
of all kinds, as spear throwing, bat
tling with war clubs, wrestling, etc.,
were conducted. My boyhood recollec
tions of the chiefs was that they were
very j numerous and mostly very large
men. The King was not over the av
erage in height but was very supple,
! manner, and drunk or sober I never
saw him rnt rf tmnpr In snpakine
of the sports Sume of the chiefs excelI.
ed In a marvelous manner. I have
seen Paki, father of the late Mrs. Pau
ahi Bishop, who was a very large and
powerful man, both throwing spears
and1 allowing from four to six men
throw at him. He would catch one
and with that ward off the others, or
dodge them, for he was as agile as a
cat. He was quite a temperate man
and lived to a good age, dying in 1S55.
I once saw the King throw his spear
at the target which it pierced and was
driven intu tht trf- behind. Tht snear.
maJe of kauwila was broken oft! and
he gave me a fragment of it from
whIch T had u cane made and wU1 a,
wayg kefep jn hjg memory. Kauwila is
a wood remarkable for its tlose &lain.
hardness and heavv weight, on which
account the natives preferred it for
making spears, mallets for beating
kapa, and other tools. It is found on
the dry slopes on the leeward of all
the islands but is not plentiful except
at Waimea, Kauai, where it is the
highest of all trees.
The chiefs affected white clothing
and they looked well on the green
sward with the forest for a back
ground. They would do some of the
most dare-devil feats and sometimes
when hotly engaged in a contest, and
perhaps heated by wine, the sport be
came the real thing and friends were
forced to interfere. All of those splen
did men have passed away and prob
ably if I had acquired drinking habits
I would be with them today.
Kinau, the king's sister, was married
J large family all of whom were of my
giiiuc ui age x micw Lilt: x imitra
Moses, Lot, Alexander, and the Prin
cess Victoria Kamamalu. I have seen
Moses ride his horse up the steps in
side the fort, about where Hackfeld's
is now, and compel him to leap from
the top of the wall, a height of from
twelve to sixteen feet. At TJlukou, at
"Waikiki, where the Moana now stands,
was an assembling place for aquatic
sports. It is not possible to judge of
the skill of the chiefs in that line by
what is seen nowadays as in those
days swimming, surfing, canoeing, etc.,
were taught and practiced from in
fancy and there was great emulation
amongst them in those sports.
WHEN HORSES CAME.
The first horse was landed here in
1803 and they multiplied both by suc
cessive importations and breeding until
they became very numerous, every per
son owning one and some having very
many. Kamehameha III. had some fine
animals and was a splendid horseman
and drunk or sober rode up the valley
and over the then perilous pali road.
Once I saw his horse fall with him in
coming up and we expected to see him
dashed over the precipice but he re
covered and striking hi horse he com
pelled it to get up and bring him safe
ly to the toi.
My mother, Kaumakaokane, was a
high chiefess and the king and his
court were frequently entertained at
our houses both at Ahipuu and in the I
town house. At Ahipuu they often in-
LIFE'S SUNDAY-SCHOOL CLASS.
Present: Johnny Rockefeller, Johnny Gates, Tommy Lawson, Hen. Rogers.
Little Pierpont Morgan. Andy Carnegie.
Life: Now little boys, you must all
sit quiet in your seats and the best
scholar will receive a nice, large, red
apple. Our text this morning is "Thou
shalt not steal." Can any little boy
here tell me why stealing is a sin?
Come, now, Johnny Rockefeller, stop
your fidgeting. You are always uch
a good boy. I'm surprised at you.
Henry Rogers: I know.
Life: You may tell the class.
Henry: Because you're likely to get
Pierpont: If you don't get found out,
it isn't a sin.
Life: Johnny Rockefeller may tell
us what he thinks about it.
Tommy Lawson pointing at him):
Life: Now, Tommy, you keep quiet
if you can. You're always interfer
ing. Why don't you mind your own
Tommy Lawson (beginning to cry):
Well, I guess I know something. These
fellers tried to get all my copper cents
away from me. I'll get even with 'em.
Johnny Gates: Come off! You're a
sorehead. Why didn't you take your
medicine like a two-year-old? You
make me dead weary with your squeal
in'. Say. teacher, here's de dead truth.
He's a side alley. He peeps when you .
lo'k at him. Hen. Rogers. Johnny j
Rockefeller and some more of the gang ,
got him down, one day and pinched!
him, and now he's crying bloody mur- '
dulged in cockfighting and the minor
sports. He sent me to the Royal
School which was attended by the
princes and chiefs and several of the
n.isj-i.inary children. W. .. Armstrong
was one of them. One day in playing
; hafcoai!. or- a variation of it called
j y.puni. I caught the ball hot off the
I b it and Prince Alexander came
! down the stretch I hit him with it in
the pit of the stomach. It laid him
out and I was arrested and put in a
' dungeon. When the king heard of it
! sont for me to be brought before
him and gave me a lecture, I suppose
on the Divine Right of kings to be re
spected, and let me go.
The chiefs were very fond of gam
bling, especially in a game called "noa,"
something of the order of three shell
monte. The trick was to hide a shell
under one of five kapas and for the
player to guess under which of them
it wa8 concealed. He had three guesses
and if one was right the banker paid,
otherwise the player. Some were very
expert and could tell by watching the
muscles of the arm at what time the
opihi shell was dropped.
I think the ruins of the house where
the chiefs assembled at Luakaha still
remain, at leapt they did until recently.
I was informed by my grandfather
that the first cannon was used in bat
tle in Nuuanu Valley at a place called
Noniakapueo a little above our place
of Ahipuu. Also that Kuakini Adams
was the gunner. This was in . 1795
when Kalanikupule, king of Oahu, was
slain and so many of the Oahu forces
were driven over the pali.
Waimanalo was an ahupuaa which
belonged to the king and was a favor
ite resort of his. By his orders Ma
una Rose was cleared off and planted
with rose bushes. He wished to give
that land to my mother but my father
was averse to accepting it except as
a tenant and it was there that our
cattle ranch and horse breeding farm
was established. In early days that
country was covered with forest,
breadfruit trees being numerous and
reaching down to the sea. The cattle
have killed off the whole of it.
A vessel passed Honolulu on her way
to Japan with a stallion and some fine
mares for the Emperor of Japan and
the king entertained the gentleman in
charge of them so well that he gave
the king one of .the mares which was
called "Kekai," from having come from
the sea, and which proved to be the
parent of much of the fine stock for
which Waimanalo obtained its reputa
tion. When Senor Don Vida came
from Chili he brought a magnificent
black stallion and fine saddle and
bridle with silver ornaments which
the king bought and which proved
to be a valuable addition to the stock.
I used to ride our horses against the
I have said that Kauikeaouli was
much beloved by the people, the nain
reason for which was that he sym
pathized with their lowly subservient
condition and endeavored to make
them independent. Although the
chiefs' lands had been declared in
alienable in their families in 1825 the
king induced them to consent to a
granting to the people such lands out
of their ahupuaas as they claimed to
have cultivated, or to have been in
possession of their parents. Naturally
many of the chiefs did not wish to do
this and some of them persuaded their
vassals to refrain from applying for
lands. Royal Patents were issued to
the chiefs for their ahupuaas or other
divisions of lands, excepting therefrom
such lands as were granted to the peo
ple, yand Royal Patents were issued to
the people for their lands. Prior to
that the chiefs were lords paramount
of the different ahupuaas and their ko
nohikis, or men in charge of their af
fairs frequently treated the people very
harshly, taking almost what they
pleased of the products of the land.
I helped Mr. Thurston by carrying the
(Continued on Pagre 6.)
der. Come off, Tommy. Give us a rest.
Tommy Lawson: Don't you believe
him, teacher. He's too tough for nice
boys like us, anyway. All he does all
the time is to play the races.
Life: Silence in the class! Andy,
stop writing your name in that book.
Don't you know it doesn't belong to
Andy (sullenly): I paid for it.
Life: With your own money?
Life: With money you earned your
self? Andy: I got it never you mind,
teacher, whether I earned it or not.
Pierpont: His Uncle Sam gave it to
him! I know, because he gave us boys
ail a lot of chanere.
gather too good to you boys. I'm afraid
he's tauarht yoti some very bad habits.
Now, Johnny Rockefeller, you may tell
us what you know about the text,
"Thou shalt not steal."
Tommy Lawson: Sneakie! Sneakiei
Henry Rogers: Don't you call him
! any names. Bluster Boston, or I'll bat
' you over the head.
Life: Or.ler in the class. Little
Johnny Rockefeller is the only real
grvd boy among you. Se how nice and
quiet he sits, me-k and gentle and good,
I'd advise you all to follow his example.
Tommy Lawson: Better look out for
him, teacher. He looks like a good
boy, but he'll lift your poeketbook if
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he gets too close. I know him. He's
ihe wort one of the bunch. He skinned
Henry Rogers: You keep quiet, or
Tommy Lawson: Pooh! I ain't afraid
of you. Everybody knows what you
Henry Rogers: Tattletale, tattletale
Life: I'll dismiss the class unless
you are better. Xow, Johnny, what do
you understand from the text, "Thou
shalt not steal?"
Johnny Rockefeller: Stealing is a
great sin and very naughty. It should
not be indulged in by the great ma
jority of people.
Life: There are then exceptions?
Johnny: Oh, yes. Once in a while
the good Lord chooses one person who
may take from the otners all he can
get because he's consecrated to the
service of the Lord, and he's wise and
good and smart enough to know what
to do with it.
Tommy Lawson: You make me sick.
Didn't I see you in a back alley the
other day robbing a little girl of her
Johnny: It was done in the service
of the Lord.
Henry Rogers: That's right. Johnny
konws his bu'-iness. You'd do the same
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thing if you knew how.
Pierpont: Johnny's all right. He's
been good to me.
Andy: Johnny has the right idea.
Johnny Gates: He's hot stuff!
Tommy Lawson: Don't yoi believe
Nets, Rackets, Wright & Ditson
' 'em, teacher. They're a gang of crooks.
Life: Xow, children, I hear someone,
I and I am afraid that it's Mr. Jerome.
, So run away as quietly as you can be-
' for we all get raided. Tom Massoa