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TJ. S. WHATHEE BU2EAU, OCTOBER 16. Last 24 hours' rainfall, .00.
Temperature, Max. 83; Min. 72. Weather, fair.
SUGAR 96 Degree Test Centrifugals, S.625c; Per Ton, $72.50.
88 Analysis Beets 8s 8 14 d; Per Ton, $77.20.
ESTABLISHED dULV ? 1856
iVOL. XLIL, NO. 7236.
HONOLULU, HAWAII TERRITORY, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTa
Insured Consignees of Alameda
Freight Decide to Follow
It occurs to us to say some-
- thing to you with respect to her
cargo so that you may under-
stand the position when the -f-bearer
of this letter, the S. S.
Nevadan. arrives, as consider
able of the Alameda cargo goes
forward by the Nevadan. The
case has been very well handled
and there should be no difficulty.
But we cesire to put you in pos
session of all the facts as to
what has been done at this end
so that you 'may be fully in
The cargo discharged from the
Alameda has been carefully ex
amined by the representatives
of the owners and underwriters
and all sound cargo forwarded
by the Nevadan. Wherever
damaged cargo was found it has
been put to one side and the
shippers and underwriters, if
they can be found, notified to
take charge of the goods. We
feel reasonably certain, in view
of this, that the cargo which will
be delivered from the Nevadan
will be in good condition, and
naturally must be accepted by
the consignees whether the en
tire shipment is delivered or not.
It 1 not unlikely that in some
instances the consignees will find
only a portion of their shipments
on board the Nevadan. This will,
of course, take care of itself and
if the remainder is lost, the un
derwriters will consider the claim
in the light of their policy con
ditions. The cargo is being for
warded naturally by the own
ers of the Alameda and consign
ed to their Honolulu agents who
will take the usual general aver
age bond and in some cases a
deposit. Extract from letter
from San Francisco correspond
ent to A. Berg, marine under
writers local representative.
The above extract from a letter writ
ten by a San Francisco correspondent
to Mr. A. Berg, local representative of
the Marine Underwriters, was read be
fore the meeting of the Merchants As
sociation at 3 o'clock yesterday, and
it effectually dispelled all doubts as to
procedure in the Alameda cargo matter.
The result of its presentation before
the merchants was to decide them to
sign the general average bond and re
move their goods from the Railway
For more than half an hour the dis
cussion had been rambling on the sub
ject of whether or not the consignees
of the salved Alameda freight should
to make a statement, merely read the
above extract, and the association
promptly took favorable action.
The meeting was called at three, with
Chairman George w Smith presiding,
and Theo. Lansing, secretary. There
was a large attendance. The discus
sion was general, although many con
fessedMheir lack of knowledge of the
intricate subject, stating that they had
merely put in an appearance to learn
and be guided by those more experi
enced. Mr. Lange opened the discussion by
stating that the wreck of the Alameda
seemed to have been caused through
the negligence of the officers. He
thought that under the circumstances
it might be a question as to whether
it would be proper for the consignees
to sign the general average bond. The
insurance companies might not want to
protect them afterwards.
Mr. Lucas of May & Co. had never
had any experience in a matter such
as the present case. Some people had
told him that he should not remove
any of the Alameda goods arriving by
the Nevadan from the wharf, while
others had told him to take the goods
and look to the insurance companies
to do what is right. Chas. Crane of
the Gazette Co. stated that in the case
of the ship Henry Villard. his com
pany had signed su. general average
bond and the matter had been adjusted
by the insurance people.
Mr. Lishman of Macfarlane & Co.
said that all his company's goods were
insured in San Francisco. He had re
ceived a duplicate shipment on the Ne
vadan. He did not think he would
take the goods that arrived on the .Ne
vadan originally started on the Ala
meda. He would let his people in San
Francisco fight the matter out. His
goods were in the lower hold of the
Alameda and were probably damaged.
He did not believe he would sien. a
general average bond. If his insurance
was at this end he might proceed dif
ferently. . "Therefore, I shall simply throw the
goods back on their hands," he said.
"I don't think any man has any call
to pay the pro rata on any other man's
Mr. Mclnerny of the Mclnerny Shoe
Co. inquired whether by signing the
general average bond the consignees
were in any way releasing the Oceanic
"It looks to me as though the ves
sel was stranded through gross care
lessness. for which the pilot was sus
pended," he said. "If we sign this gen
jeral average bond which the steamship
company is sending us it seems to me
iwe are going to release them. The Ala
W. N. Armstrong and His
Long and Useful
A man of mark, an American of
Hawaiian birth, the worthy son of a
worthy sire, has departed in the pass
ing of William Nevins Armstrong. Ca
blegrams to his relatives and to the
press yesterday announced his death on
Sunday night, the 15th of October. He
was seventy years and seven months
old. Dating from hig college days, Mr.
Armstrong had a career of forty-six
years crowded with useful activities,
both public and private, the scene of
1ATE HON. W. N. ARMSTRONG.
sign the general average bond requir- meda was not wrecked through an act
k v,0 otoomahin oomnanv before of God. It was the carelessness of the
1 1 ,1 ,v,Vc froltr'ht flHlTAHpn. ' PUOt.
iurjn wuuiu - - . ..Why cannot we sign that d under
About hair 01 tnose present m Drotest? 1 feel that we have got to
favor of signing the bond, but others sign that bond if we want to get our
were doubtful. Mr. Berg, being asked (Continued on Page 2.)
-THE MEANING AND LAWS
OF GENERAL AVERAGE
For the guidance of Honolulu mer
chants who are consignees of Alameda
freight, the following extracts from La
Boyteaux excellent booklet, "The Ship
masters Guide," are taken:
General Average is a loss arising
from a voluntary sacrifice made, or
expense incurred, for the purpose of
averting a threatening danger to the
common safety. General Average
losses are contributed for by all the in
terests at risk and which are benefited
by the General Average Act. Such
contribution is entirely independent of
the question of whether or not there
is' any insurance.
Particular Average is a partial loss
or damage to ship, cargo or freight, or
any of them, resulting directly from the
perils of the voyage, and which is par
tially accidental in its nature. Particu
lar Average losses are not contributed
for by the other interests, but are borne
by that interest which has sustained
If, during the voyage, through the
intervention of perils of the sea, rire,
the total loss is prevented, such sacri
fice is contributed for and made good
by the interests benefited.
Or, under the same conditions, if the
general safety is secured by the expen
diture of money, such expenditure is
likewise made good.
Security for the payment of General
Average is usually taken in the shape
of the signature of the consignee to an
Average Bond, together with either a
cash deposit or the guarantee of some
resnonsible person or corporation, for
the payment of the average. The se
curity should always be taken before
the delivery of the cargo is made.
The signature of the consignee to the
Average Bond is ALWAYS necessary.
and is not dispensed with by the mak
ing of a general average deposit or
the acceptance of a guarantee from an
Parsons in his work on "Laws o
Business." gives the following regard
ing General Average:
Whichever of the three great mercan
tile interests ship, freight or cargo i3
voluntarily lost or damaged for the
the others re-
t nf tha others if
stranding or other excepted perils, the tceive benefit therefrom, they must con
vessel and her cargo are in danger or j tribute ratably to the loss. That is to
loss, and by the voluntary sacrifice of igay guch a Josg ig averaged upon all
a part of the ship, her materials, the!
freight or the cargo, or any of them,
part of which was laid in the beloved
islands of his birth.
' Though - realizing that he had lived
the allotted span of threescore years
and ten, beyond which the Hebrew
psalmist says man has naught to expect
but griefs and pains, and that he had
recently been unwell, his relatives here
received the news of his death as a
sad surprise. About six or seven weeks
ago they had word that he was sick
with malarial fever at Hampton, "Va.
but a week or so ago they heard that
he was better and would come to Ho
noiuiu ior tne marriage or nis son
Matthew at the end of this month. Then
a cablegram from his daughter Doro
thy at Washington came yesterday stat
ing that he had died. As Mr. Arm
strong frequently stayed at the Metro
politan Club. Washington, it is surmised
that his tieuwi occurred at the national
cai.tal, and the press dispatch says he
is dead in Washington.
William Nevins Armstrong was born
in Lahafina. Island of Maui, on March
10, 1835, after his parents had returned
to these islands from the Marquesas
mission station. His father was the
Rev. Dr. Richard Armstrong, who
came here in 1S31 under the American
Board of Commissioners of Foreign
Missions, afterward becoming Minister
of . Public Instruction and as such the
father of the Hawaiian public school
system. As a missionary Dr. Arm
strong was first located at Wailuku.
Besides being a minister of the crown,
he was made a member of the House of
Nobles, as the upper branch of the
Legislature was called, the position
under the earlier constitutions being for
life. Mr. Armstrong's mother was
Clarissa Chapman Armstrongt of Pitts
field, Mass., a sister of Chief Justice
Chapman of the Massachusetts Su
preme Court. Mr. Armstrong was a
brother of the late General S. C. Arm
strong, whose creditable war record in
the sixties gave him fame only second
to that attaching indelibly to his name
as the founder of Hampton Institute,
W. N. Armstrong received his early
education at the Royal school, Hono
lulu, where he became the intimate
friend of many of the young chiefs,
including David Kalakaua. From
thence he went to Yale, graduating in
1S59. Forthwith he studied law with
his: uncle, Judge Chapman, and soon
entered on the practice of law in New
York City. W. R. Castle read law with
him there. Mr. Armstrong married
Miss Fanny Morgan, of "a prominent
New York family and established a
home at Hampton, near General Arm
strong's Institute. He had a farm
there and developed oyster beds, be
ing the pioneer in securing legislation
both in Maryland and Virginia for
protecting oyster beds in inland waters.
Two of his sens. Matthew and Richard,
are now carrying on tnis ousiness,
owning 1200 acre? of oyster beds.
In the year 1SS0 King Kalakaua, his
former schoolmate, called Mr. Arm
strong to the Hawaiian Islands to be
come Attorney General, and the follow
ing year he took the trip around the
world with the king. The story of
this tour he told in the book recently
published, "Around the orld with a
(Continued on Page 2.)
He Answers the Letter
of Judge C. F,
Editor Advertiser: In view of the
importance of the question of what
shall be the future political and social
condition of this Territory, and how
it may be favorably influenced by our
present policies and efforts, I note,
with interest, Judge Hart's contribu
tion to the discussion of this subject,
in a recent number of the Advertiser.
I am pleased to find that we both
agree that the addition of Japanese
citizens, born here" and educated in our
public schools, to our voting popula
tion, will be of value; our difference
being, that while he, weighing the na
tional character of the Japanese and
their wonderful success in adopting
the best features of Caucasian civili
zation and reforming their civil sys
tern accordingly, concludes that such
addition to our citizenship "will be no
whit inferior to what an American
citizen voter should
as he fully believes,
logic of facts will, ere another genera
tion passes, disprove ' ' my ' ' theoreti
cal speculation" my anxiety is that
should voters of Japanese and Chinese
descent in time become so numerous as
to dominate our politics, such predom
inance would or might tend to preju
dice our political and social sentiment
and thus retard or interfere with our
progress in these departments of the
life of the community.
It is pleasant to have the optimistic
prognostications ot so careiul a
thinker as Judge Hart, especially as
we jare likely to make the experiment
under consideration whether we wish
to or not; and it is to be hoped that
his conclusions will, if the test takes
place, be found to be correct.
I believe that in a question like the
one under discussion, race tendencies
have to be considered. The Japanese,
living by themselves with but slight
intercourse with other peoples for
many centuries, passed through a pro
cess of natural evolution up to the time
when America forced them to assume
relations with the rest of the world
They have their social customs, relig
ious beliefs and ceremonies and their
political doctrines, strengthened by
Ions: acceptance and practice. Al
though the latter have been somewhat
modified by their recent intercourse
with foreign nations, is it not their ap
plication to the administration of af
fairs that, has been modified rather
than the principles themselves? Their
religious loyalty to the Emperor op
pears to be unaffected by- their modern
liefs and principles which have become
as it were the mental and spiritual
habit of the race inhere as tenden
cies in such of their numbers as may
migrate to other countries and to their
descendants, for a long time to comef
Equitable Life Official Re
to Face Commission
(Associated Press Cablegrams.)
NEW YORK, October 17. James Hazen Hyde, former vice-
president of the Equitable Life Assurance Society, has returned from
Europe and is prepared to testify in the insurance inquiry.
SUPPLIED TO NAVY
WASHINGTON, October 17. Samples of large quantities of.
be," and that, butter SUDDlied the Learrue Tclanrl naw varrl Wav rwn fmmd r K
. 1 X 1 o ' J J - " w
coiorea wn coai tar ayes. .
; 0 ,
SCANDAL IS REOPENED.
GOTH A, October 17. Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg is suing
in open court for a divorce from the eloping Princess Louise.
The Princess Louise of Belgium, to whom Prince Philip was
married thirty, years ago, has had a romantic life, her final escapade
being an evasion of the guards set about her by the Duke and elope
ment with. an officer of the Austrian army much her junior. She is
reputed to be slightly demented, though her friends attribute her
eccentricities to ill treatment.
BRYAN REACHES JAPAN. '
TOKIO, October 17. Bryan has been received and dined by
the American-Japanese society. He will be received in audience by
the Emperor 'this week.
FOLK HELPS WEAVER.
PHILADELPHIA, October 17. Governor Folk of Missouri
took part in the municipal campaign last night by a speech in favor
of the Weaverites. '
ACTOR SUPREMELY HONORED.
LONDON, October 17. Sir Henry Irving, the actor, will be
buried in Westminster Abbey.
STOCKHOLM, October 16. The union between Norway and
Will not these customs, be- Sweden has been finally dissolved.
WASHINGTON, October 16. William N. Armstrong, form
erly of Hawaii, is dead in this city.
TOKIO, October 16. Baron Komura arrived today and was
quietly received by the Emperor, but with distinguished honor.
ST. PETERSBURG, October 16. The Grand Duke Cynl has
Lafeadio Heam in his recent book been deprived of his decorations arid dismissed from the army on ac
count of his marriage with the divorced wife of the Grand Duke of
WASHINGTON, D. C, October 16. The treaty of peace be
tween Russia and Japan was published today and the peace is now
complete. The treaty, as published, follows the same as previously
outlined .when originally framed.
The publication of the treaty was followed by summary orders
to all American commanders to release the Russian vessels interned
in American waters.
THE PEACE TREATY RATIFIED.
Washington, D. C, October 16, 1905.
To Consul-General Saito, Honolulu:
The peace treaty between Japan and Russia was ratified by both
sovereigns on the 14th day of October, 1905.
The notice of ratification was exchanged by both governments.
In Japan, it was promulgated by imperial edict on the 16th instant.
The treaty will take effect as a whole on and after the date on which
the notice is given.
CHEAPER FARE TO AANILA.
SEATTLE, Wash., September 22. Great Northern Steamship
Company officials today announced that the company will quote
the same rate to Manila as is quoted for Shanghai and Hongkong
whether the trip is made via Nagasaki or iiongKun. uciuum
r,rt Vorthem and the Pacific Mail have added the local rate
of $2 to the charge for passage to Manila, but the Canadian Pacific
has absorbed the arbitrary rate ot local lines oeiwcen uviw"
Manila, and the American lines have met the reduction.
on Japan, emphasizes the tenacity with
which thee tendencies survive, lie
says: "Under all the outward as
pects of individual activity that mod
ern Japan presents to the visitor's
gaze, the ancient conditions reany per
sist to an extent that no observation
could reveal. Still the immemorial
cult rules all the land. Still the fam
ily law, the communal law and (though
in a more irregular manner) the clan
law. control every action of exist
ence." And again, "A Japanese emi
grant community abroad arranges it
self upon the home plan, except as re
gards the communal cult, perhaps
The domestic cult is transplanted; emi
grants who go abroad accompanied by
their families, take the ancestral tab
lets with them."
Is it likely that a generation of
Japanese boys and girls, educated in
our public schools, will be able to
overcome these hereditary tendencies,
especiallv when we consider that prob
ably the great majority of them will be
brought up in homes where Shintoism
or Buddhism prevail and social cus
toms of the Japanese are followed
without material modification?
What would they have beside their
education in the public schools and
their touch with our public sentiment,
to correspond with the influence of
centuries of political struggle and so
cial evolution that are the inheritance
of the Caucasian races'? The reforms
(Continued on Page 3.)
1 1 '