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TJ. S. WHATHEE BU2EAU, OCTOBER 16. Last 24 hours' rainfall, .00.
Temperature, Max. 83; Min. 72. Weather, fair. SUGAR 96 Degree Test Centrifugals, S.625c; Per Ton, $72.50. 88 Analysis Beets 8s 8 14 d; Per Ton, $77.20. ESTABLISHED dULV ? 1856 iVOL. XLIL, NO. 7236. HONOLULU, HAWAII TERRITORY, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1905. PRICE FIVE CENTa 1 M ERCHANT ION GENE AVERAGE RAL BOND Insured Consignees of Alameda Freight Decide to Follow Berg's Advice. It occurs to us to say some- - thing to you with respect to her cargo so that you may under- stand the position when the -f-bearer of this letter, the S. S. Nevadan. arrives, as consider able of the Alameda cargo goes forward by the Nevadan. The case has been very well handled and there should be no difficulty. But we cesire to put you in pos session of all the facts as to what has been done at this end so that you 'may be fully in formed. The cargo discharged from the Alameda has been carefully ex amined by the representatives of the owners and underwriters and all sound cargo forwarded by the Nevadan. Wherever damaged cargo was found it has been put to one side and the shippers and underwriters, if they can be found, notified to take charge of the goods. We feel reasonably certain, in view of this, that the cargo which will be delivered from the Nevadan will be in good condition, and naturally must be accepted by the consignees whether the en tire shipment is delivered or not. It 1 not unlikely that in some instances the consignees will find only a portion of their shipments on board the Nevadan. This will, of course, take care of itself and if the remainder is lost, the un derwriters will consider the claim in the light of their policy con ditions. The cargo is being for warded naturally by the own ers of the Alameda and consign ed to their Honolulu agents who will take the usual general aver age bond and in some cases a deposit. Extract from letter from San Francisco correspond ent to A. Berg, marine under writers local representative. ' '1 The above extract from a letter writ ten by a San Francisco correspondent to Mr. A. Berg, local representative of the Marine Underwriters, was read be fore the meeting of the Merchants As sociation at 3 o'clock yesterday, and it effectually dispelled all doubts as to procedure in the Alameda cargo matter. The result of its presentation before the merchants was to decide them to sign the general average bond and re move their goods from the Railway wharf. For more than half an hour the dis cussion had been rambling on the sub ject of whether or not the consignees of the salved Alameda freight should to make a statement, merely read the above extract, and the association promptly took favorable action. The meeting was called at three, with Chairman George w Smith presiding, and Theo. Lansing, secretary. There was a large attendance. The discus sion was general, although many con fessedMheir lack of knowledge of the intricate subject, stating that they had merely put in an appearance to learn and be guided by those more experi enced. Mr. Lange opened the discussion by stating that the wreck of the Alameda seemed to have been caused through the negligence of the officers. He thought that under the circumstances it might be a question as to whether it would be proper for the consignees to sign the general average bond. The insurance companies might not want to protect them afterwards. Mr. Lucas of May & Co. had never had any experience in a matter such as the present case. Some people had told him that he should not remove any of the Alameda goods arriving by the Nevadan from the wharf, while others had told him to take the goods and look to the insurance companies to do what is right. Chas. Crane of the Gazette Co. stated that in the case of the ship Henry Villard. his com pany had signed su. general average bond and the matter had been adjusted by the insurance people. Mr. Lishman of Macfarlane & Co. said that all his company's goods were insured in San Francisco. He had re ceived a duplicate shipment on the Ne vadan. He did not think he would take the goods that arrived on the .Ne vadan originally started on the Ala meda. He would let his people in San Francisco fight the matter out. His goods were in the lower hold of the Alameda and were probably damaged. He did not believe he would sien. a general average bond. If his insurance was at this end he might proceed dif ferently. . "Therefore, I shall simply throw the goods back on their hands," he said. "I don't think any man has any call to pay the pro rata on any other man's goods." Mr. Mclnerny of the Mclnerny Shoe Co. inquired whether by signing the general average bond the consignees were in any way releasing the Oceanic Steamship Company. "It looks to me as though the ves sel was stranded through gross care lessness. for which the pilot was sus pended," he said. "If we sign this gen jeral average bond which the steamship company is sending us it seems to me iwe are going to release them. The Ala ft ft A DEATH OF KAM W. N. Armstrong and His Long and Useful Career. A man of mark, an American of Hawaiian birth, the worthy son of a worthy sire, has departed in the pass ing of William Nevins Armstrong. Ca blegrams to his relatives and to the press yesterday announced his death on Sunday night, the 15th of October. He was seventy years and seven months old. Dating from hig college days, Mr. Armstrong had a career of forty-six years crowded with useful activities, both public and private, the scene of UD GE DOLE REJOINS HYDE BACK TO TESTIFY 1ATE HON. W. N. ARMSTRONG. sign the general average bond requir- meda was not wrecked through an act k v,0 otoomahin oomnanv before of God. It was the carelessness of the 1 1 ,1 ,v,Vc froltr'ht flHlTAHpn. ' PUOt. iurjn wuuiu - - . ..Why cannot we sign that d under About hair 01 tnose present m Drotest? 1 feel that we have got to favor of signing the bond, but others sign that bond if we want to get our were doubtful. Mr. Berg, being asked (Continued on Page 2.) -THE MEANING AND LAWS OF GENERAL AVERAGE For the guidance of Honolulu mer chants who are consignees of Alameda freight, the following extracts from La Boyteaux excellent booklet, "The Ship masters Guide," are taken: General Average is a loss arising from a voluntary sacrifice made, or expense incurred, for the purpose of averting a threatening danger to the common safety. General Average losses are contributed for by all the in terests at risk and which are benefited by the General Average Act. Such contribution is entirely independent of the question of whether or not there is' any insurance. Particular Average is a partial loss or damage to ship, cargo or freight, or any of them, resulting directly from the perils of the voyage, and which is par tially accidental in its nature. Particu lar Average losses are not contributed for by the other interests, but are borne by that interest which has sustained the damage. If, during the voyage, through the intervention of perils of the sea, rire, the total loss is prevented, such sacri fice is contributed for and made good by the interests benefited. Or, under the same conditions, if the general safety is secured by the expen diture of money, such expenditure is likewise made good. Security for the payment of General Average is usually taken in the shape of the signature of the consignee to an Average Bond, together with either a cash deposit or the guarantee of some resnonsible person or corporation, for the payment of the average. The se curity should always be taken before the delivery of the cargo is made. The signature of the consignee to the Average Bond is ALWAYS necessary. and is not dispensed with by the mak ing of a general average deposit or the acceptance of a guarantee from an insurance company. Parsons in his work on "Laws o Business." gives the following regard ing General Average: Whichever of the three great mercan tile interests ship, freight or cargo i3 voluntarily lost or damaged for the the others re- t nf tha others if stranding or other excepted perils, the tceive benefit therefrom, they must con vessel and her cargo are in danger or j tribute ratably to the loss. That is to loss, and by the voluntary sacrifice of igay guch a Josg ig averaged upon all a part of the ship, her materials, the! freight or the cargo, or any of them, part of which was laid in the beloved islands of his birth. ' Though - realizing that he had lived the allotted span of threescore years and ten, beyond which the Hebrew psalmist says man has naught to expect but griefs and pains, and that he had recently been unwell, his relatives here received the news of his death as a sad surprise. About six or seven weeks ago they had word that he was sick with malarial fever at Hampton, "Va. but a week or so ago they heard that he was better and would come to Ho noiuiu ior tne marriage or nis son Matthew at the end of this month. Then a cablegram from his daughter Doro thy at Washington came yesterday stat ing that he had died. As Mr. Arm strong frequently stayed at the Metro politan Club. Washington, it is surmised that his tieuwi occurred at the national cai.tal, and the press dispatch says he is dead in Washington. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. William Nevins Armstrong was born in Lahafina. Island of Maui, on March 10, 1835, after his parents had returned to these islands from the Marquesas mission station. His father was the Rev. Dr. Richard Armstrong, who came here in 1S31 under the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions, afterward becoming Minister of . Public Instruction and as such the father of the Hawaiian public school system. As a missionary Dr. Arm strong was first located at Wailuku. Besides being a minister of the crown, he was made a member of the House of Nobles, as the upper branch of the Legislature was called, the position under the earlier constitutions being for life. Mr. Armstrong's mother was Clarissa Chapman Armstrongt of Pitts field, Mass., a sister of Chief Justice Chapman of the Massachusetts Su preme Court. Mr. Armstrong was a brother of the late General S. C. Arm strong, whose creditable war record in the sixties gave him fame only second to that attaching indelibly to his name as the founder of Hampton Institute, Virginia. W. N. Armstrong received his early education at the Royal school, Hono lulu, where he became the intimate friend of many of the young chiefs, including David Kalakaua. From thence he went to Yale, graduating in 1S59. Forthwith he studied law with his: uncle, Judge Chapman, and soon entered on the practice of law in New York City. W. R. Castle read law with him there. Mr. Armstrong married Miss Fanny Morgan, of "a prominent New York family and established a home at Hampton, near General Arm strong's Institute. He had a farm there and developed oyster beds, be ing the pioneer in securing legislation both in Maryland and Virginia for protecting oyster beds in inland waters. Two of his sens. Matthew and Richard, are now carrying on tnis ousiness, owning 1200 acre? of oyster beds. In the year 1SS0 King Kalakaua, his former schoolmate, called Mr. Arm strong to the Hawaiian Islands to be come Attorney General, and the follow ing year he took the trip around the world with the king. The story of this tour he told in the book recently published, "Around the orld with a (Continued on Page 2.) He Answers the Letter of Judge C. F, Hart. Editor Advertiser: In view of the importance of the question of what shall be the future political and social condition of this Territory, and how it may be favorably influenced by our present policies and efforts, I note, with interest, Judge Hart's contribu tion to the discussion of this subject, in a recent number of the Advertiser. I am pleased to find that we both agree that the addition of Japanese citizens, born here" and educated in our public schools, to our voting popula tion, will be of value; our difference being, that while he, weighing the na tional character of the Japanese and their wonderful success in adopting the best features of Caucasian civili zation and reforming their civil sys tern accordingly, concludes that such addition to our citizenship "will be no whit inferior to what an American citizen voter should as he fully believes, logic of facts will, ere another genera tion passes, disprove ' ' my ' ' theoreti cal speculation" my anxiety is that should voters of Japanese and Chinese descent in time become so numerous as to dominate our politics, such predom inance would or might tend to preju dice our political and social sentiment and thus retard or interfere with our progress in these departments of the life of the community. It is pleasant to have the optimistic prognostications ot so careiul a thinker as Judge Hart, especially as we jare likely to make the experiment under consideration whether we wish to or not; and it is to be hoped that his conclusions will, if the test takes place, be found to be correct. I believe that in a question like the one under discussion, race tendencies have to be considered. The Japanese, living by themselves with but slight intercourse with other peoples for many centuries, passed through a pro cess of natural evolution up to the time when America forced them to assume relations with the rest of the world They have their social customs, relig ious beliefs and ceremonies and their political doctrines, strengthened by Ions: acceptance and practice. Al though the latter have been somewhat modified by their recent intercourse with foreign nations, is it not their ap plication to the administration of af fairs that, has been modified rather than the principles themselves? Their religious loyalty to the Emperor op pears to be unaffected by- their modern progress. liefs and principles which have become as it were the mental and spiritual habit of the race inhere as tenden cies in such of their numbers as may migrate to other countries and to their descendants, for a long time to comef Former turns Equitable Life Official Re to Face Commission of Inquiry. 5 (Associated Press Cablegrams.) NEW YORK, October 17. James Hazen Hyde, former vice- president of the Equitable Life Assurance Society, has returned from Europe and is prepared to testify in the insurance inquiry. o ADULTERATED BUTTER SUPPLIED TO NAVY WASHINGTON, October 17. Samples of large quantities of. be," and that, butter SUDDlied the Learrue Tclanrl naw varrl Wav rwn fmmd r K . 1 X 1 o ' J J - " w coiorea wn coai tar ayes. . ; 0 , SCANDAL IS REOPENED. GOTH A, October 17. Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg is suing in open court for a divorce from the eloping Princess Louise. The Princess Louise of Belgium, to whom Prince Philip was married thirty, years ago, has had a romantic life, her final escapade being an evasion of the guards set about her by the Duke and elope ment with. an officer of the Austrian army much her junior. She is reputed to be slightly demented, though her friends attribute her eccentricities to ill treatment. BRYAN REACHES JAPAN. ' TOKIO, October 17. Bryan has been received and dined by the American-Japanese society. He will be received in audience by the Emperor 'this week. FOLK HELPS WEAVER. PHILADELPHIA, October 17. Governor Folk of Missouri took part in the municipal campaign last night by a speech in favor of the Weaverites. ' ACTOR SUPREMELY HONORED. LONDON, October 17. Sir Henry Irving, the actor, will be buried in Westminster Abbey. , o AFTERNOON REPORT. STOCKHOLM, October 16. The union between Norway and Will not these customs, be- Sweden has been finally dissolved. WASHINGTON, October 16. William N. Armstrong, form erly of Hawaii, is dead in this city. TOKIO, October 16. Baron Komura arrived today and was quietly received by the Emperor, but with distinguished honor. ST. PETERSBURG, October 16. The Grand Duke Cynl has Lafeadio Heam in his recent book been deprived of his decorations arid dismissed from the army on ac count of his marriage with the divorced wife of the Grand Duke of Hesse. WASHINGTON, D. C, October 16. The treaty of peace be tween Russia and Japan was published today and the peace is now complete. The treaty, as published, follows the same as previously outlined .when originally framed. The publication of the treaty was followed by summary orders to all American commanders to release the Russian vessels interned in American waters. THE PEACE TREATY RATIFIED. Washington, D. C, October 16, 1905. To Consul-General Saito, Honolulu: The peace treaty between Japan and Russia was ratified by both sovereigns on the 14th day of October, 1905. The notice of ratification was exchanged by both governments. In Japan, it was promulgated by imperial edict on the 16th instant. The treaty will take effect as a whole on and after the date on which the notice is given. TAKAHIRA. o CHEAPER FARE TO AANILA. SEATTLE, Wash., September 22. Great Northern Steamship Company officials today announced that the company will quote the same rate to Manila as is quoted for Shanghai and Hongkong whether the trip is made via Nagasaki or iiongKun. uciuum r,rt Vorthem and the Pacific Mail have added the local rate of $2 to the charge for passage to Manila, but the Canadian Pacific has absorbed the arbitrary rate ot local lines oeiwcen uviw" Manila, and the American lines have met the reduction. on Japan, emphasizes the tenacity with which thee tendencies survive, lie says: "Under all the outward as pects of individual activity that mod ern Japan presents to the visitor's gaze, the ancient conditions reany per sist to an extent that no observation could reveal. Still the immemorial cult rules all the land. Still the fam ily law, the communal law and (though in a more irregular manner) the clan law. control every action of exist ence." And again, "A Japanese emi grant community abroad arranges it self upon the home plan, except as re gards the communal cult, perhaps The domestic cult is transplanted; emi grants who go abroad accompanied by their families, take the ancestral tab lets with them." Is it likely that a generation of Japanese boys and girls, educated in our public schools, will be able to overcome these hereditary tendencies, especiallv when we consider that prob ably the great majority of them will be brought up in homes where Shintoism or Buddhism prevail and social cus toms of the Japanese are followed without material modification? What would they have beside their education in the public schools and their touch with our public sentiment, to correspond with the influence of centuries of political struggle and so cial evolution that are the inheritance of the Caucasian races'? The reforms (Continued on Page 3.) 1 1 ' t I? If,!' ir II