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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, HONOLULU, JANUARY 8, 1906.
f1 a v -A - i i ftv m i Not every r o m a t can afford it.-. woman .asEv 1 l f ' -."It El f 0CO0OeO0KD0000Cro 8 a raaid. want one '": ". around, any 1 way. But you certainly can v. a w 1 r k r vj j and most women would be greatly improved by it, too. It means so much to have lonr, rich, beaw .j. . rf hair; soft, smooth, glossy hair. And this is just the kind of hair you may j have, if you wish it. If you wish all j the deep, rich color of youth restored j to your hair, O O ooooooeo9cocooooooooeofK:o By Dorcmus Scudder. ooooo0Ocoocooc oooeooocoooco 1 882-1 89 1 1802-18 tiers mor will certainly satisfy you. Do not be deceived by cheap imita tions which will only disappoint you. Make sure you get AYER'S Hair Vigor. Prepared bj Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co.. Lowell. Mm.. U.S. A. HOLLISTER DRUO CO., AGENTS. w THE BEST OF SAUCES There isn't a better sauce for all-round table use than S. & W. TOMATO CATSUP. It can be used to advantage with every fish or meat dish that comes to table and adds a wonderful zest to ap petite. It is made from selected, fresh, red, ripe tomatoes and contains no artificial coloring whatever. S. & W. TOMATO CATSUP Is strictly pure in every respect and is admitted by all who try It to be the best article of its kind on the market. Years aro Mr. Brvce, in his "American Commonwealth, drew j attention to one of the most notable features of our National life by pointing out the fact that the Union, with its many self-governing- communities living under different local laws and widely va riant conditions, necessarily constitutes the most extended and lav orable field in the world for political and social experimentation. As a consequence, dogmatic assertions and ipse dixits are apt to fare hardly, for what is taken for granted in one section may else where have been submitted to a concrete test with a result flatly contradictory to the vaunted opinion. A case much in point is that of the widely prevailing sentiment against the Chinese immigrant laborer in the United States. Throughout the mainland a mental image of this type of Chinaman has been formed, and has become such a fixture in the make-up of many Americans that it will re quire almost an intellectual cataclysm to destroy it. Like the man made to pass before a concave mirror, the Chinaman among us has been forced into a situation where he is compelled to look as he does, and then we triumphantly exclaim, '"See what a squat, flat-tened-out caricature of humanity the poor creature is!" An editorial in The Outlook of April 23, 1004, gave the follow ing excellent picture of this conception of the Celestial : "It is said 18.723 1 9-837 Trtn1 5530 Of this sum total the Chinese Consul estimates that 30.000 rep resents the number of separate immigrants; those coming a second or third time, travelers, etc., making up the rest. This seems an underestimate. Comparing the various data available, probablv the figure 40.000 for the total Chinese immigration to Hawaii would not be far out of the way. These men were brought here to work in the fields, were ex pected to go back to China, at times the agreement stipulated their return m three years, and no inducements whatever were held out to them to identify themselves with the countrv. Thev were, how ever, treated with uniform kindness and justice, were allowed to acquire -land, were subjected to no social ostracism, enjoved the privilege of intermarriage on the same terms as all other foreigners, and were permitted to become citizens. As a consequence) the' Chinaman in Hawaii blossomed out remarkably in the role' of a man of the world. Though not encouraged to settle, he did occa sionally take up land. By 1901 no less than 1,1 is Chinese in the in defense of our political antagonism to the Chinaman that he is j Territory were paying taxes on real estate to the WOMEN AND GIRLS! W lio sufter ovorv month from Cramps, ' Backache, Headache, Vomitinsf, Dizri' nes3 or Faint in 3 Spells should know that if a few ,Ioss of the Bitters were taken at the llm symptom they would save all this un necessary suffering. A1-, ways keep a Lottie of " j Kosietter's , i' : OlUiiliHjll M Dm. V handy and you'll always enjoy good!, health. Thousands, of other sickly1 women have found i this true. It also' cures Insomnia, ' Poor Appetite, Sleeplessness, it .aai Indigestion, .-Wfj r y Costiveness. ,t fSo&as'il Biliousness or ! iStsSrS' Malaria, Fever 1 S9Tffi4'2SStVi and Ague. . I Hi' 11 tx u m nuiuvu- will try it at once. SUCH m assessed n 1 1 1 9i,u.uo4, wmie 12,920 taxpayers ot tins race were rated as own ing p rsonal property to the amount of $3,287,802. One Chinaman has acquired some 3,000 acres of land in these islands, where real estate is notoriously owned or controlled by a, few men and a hand ful of large vested interests. During the monarchy no less than 752 Chinese became natural ized in Hawaii, and today there are more than three hundred voters of this race. From July 1, 18915. up to August 31, 1905 the only period for which accurate statistics are available 524 marriages were recorded in which a person of Chinese blood formed one of the contracting parties. Only in 195 of these, 37 per cent., were both groom and bride of this race ; 193 Chinese are recorded as having married Hawaiians. Intermarriages also took place between Chi nese men and Porto Rican, Portuguese, Japanese, Greek, and half white women. part-Chinese marrying Americans, Scotch, German, Spanish, and English. Some of our best families have thus come to possess a strain of Chinese blood. Our Chinese-American citizens, whether of pure or mixed stock, are as proud of their country and exercise their franchise with as great consciousness as the de- honest farm folk came to Hawaii as contract laborers, just as they scendant of Pilgrim Father or Virginian Cavalier. Hawaii's expe fiocked to California, precisely the same sort of people, in many.rience demonstrates beyond question that the Chinaman is a gen uine immigrant, lo make this evident in every State of the Union not a genuine immigrant; that he docs not settle dowrn to make a home ; that he never does make and never can make an American citizen ; that he despises our customs and manners and maintains his own; that he is clannish, and insists on living in communities of other Chinamen ; that his sole object is to make enough money to get back to China, there to live in comparative affluence; that he is incapable of learning either to speak or to think in English in other words, that he is not a human being, as Americans count human beings." Meantime, with the growth of this sweeping deduction in the minds of continental Americans, far out in the mid-Pacific an ex periment has been conducted under totally different because more nearly normal conditions. One of the commonest experiences in Hawaii is to hear a mainland American exclaim. "Your Chinese are a totally different class from ours on the Coast." Exactly, but why different? Not because they came from other provinces of the Ce lestial Empire, nor because they are representatives of a different social status. The so-called "low-down Cantonese" and "riffraff hi Hongkong" as a matter of fact a very large proportion were poor, 3 f! cases relatives and friends, some staying here, others going on to the American mainland. The only difference is that Hawaii gave the Chinese a fair chance, while America did not. On the one hand, freedom to be himself and to develop naturally, on the other, re pression and cruelty, spell out the contrast. This Mid-Pacific Territory has a definite and most valuable con tribution to make to the Mainland in the shape of a correct esti mate of this man from eastern Asia. Take up the points in the anti Chinese indictment quoted above, and what has Hawaii to say con cerning them ? IS THE CHINAMAN A GENUINE IMMIGRANT? A fair answer to this question must take cognizance of the fact that two classes of immigrants come to the United States: first, those who seek this country with the definite purpose of settling here and becoming citizens ; second, those who desire to better their condition, and after acquiring a competence to return to their native land. Many of the latter carry out their intention, and constitute for America a very useful element, tending to bring our Nation into ever closer relations with foreign countries, and to introduce our 1 - 1 - T- 1 t-1 1 1 Ice delivered to any part of the city, pruuucis to oversea marKeis. jrrouauiy, nuwever, a very large pru- Ialacd orders promptly filled. Tel. Blu J portion of this second class fall in love with our institutions, be Ull. P. O. Box 600. Office: Kewaio. I ( Q,t u i hei is 1 a. 1 Phones Retail, Main 22 Wholesale, Main 92 Oahtj Ice & Electric Co THE HAWAIIAN REALTY AND MATURITY CO. Limited. REAL ESTATE, MORTGAGE, LOANS AND INVESTMENT SECU RITIES. OfHce: Mclntyre Bldg-., Honolulu, T. H. P. O. Box 265. Phone Main 141. QUALITY, STYLE AND FIT IN OUR $25.00 SUITS George A. Martin Arlington Block, Hotel Street. OPEN ON' SATURDAYS TILL 9 P. M. The Chinese belongs under this second head ; he comes intend ing to go back to China. Other things being equal, it should be ex pected that, owing to the greater difference between his civilization and ours, it would require longer time for him to realize the ful attractiveness of life in America than for Europeans. But, unfor tunately for the purposes of our problem, other things are not equal The immigrant from Europe meets first of all a welcome. An open door awaits him. In the second place, the right of citizenship is freely accorded him ; nay, for the sake of his vote this sacred privi lege is often pressed upon him. Furthermore, he finds here an elab orate machinery designed to make him a landholder; the broad West invites him at mere nominal cost to take up an estate outrival ing in extent and richness the holdings of scores of petty lordlings in his native country. Finallv, no unscalable social wall bars his progress ; if not his children, his grandchildren freely enter the most exclusive family circles through the closely guarded gate of mar all he needs is half a chance. DOES HE SETTLE DOWN TO MAKE A HOME? The National Census of 1900 showed the total Chinese popu lation of this Territory to be 25,762, living in 3,247 homes, of which 393, or 12 per cent., were owned. The aggregate of homes for Caucasians was 6,482, with 1,840, or 28 per cent., owned. Place this showing beside that made by other immigrating peoples in many mainland cities, and the Chinaman shines by happy contrast. It would be a pleasure to conduct the average honest opponent of Chinese immigration to some of these homes which are scattered all over the islands, point out the evidences of civilized tastes there in displayed, recall the fact that the owner came here as a laborer, and then ask him to compare what he sees with much that he can recall of Greek, Armenian, Polish, and Italian homes elsewhere in the United States. A few Chinese dwellings in Honolulu are among the best in the city. Hawaii's experience is that the Chinaman is a remarkable home-maker. It is because of this fact, and also be cause they are such kind husbands and good providers, that so many Hawaiian women have been glad to intermarry with Chinamen. DOES THE CHINAMAN DESPISE OUR CUSTOMS AND MANNERS AND MAINTAIN HIS OWN? 19 0 6 Another mile-stone past in the years of time, Ring- out the old, ring in the new with merry chime. Forget the past, reknit the bonds of friendship sweet. Writh smiling face and out stretched hands the New Year greet. Hloha Nui! Stanley Stephenson, THE PAINTER, . New Signs for the Kew Tear 8 8 Signs NOTICE. ANY WOMAN OR GIRL NEEDING i help or advice, is Invited to coramunl- I cate, either in person or by letter, with Ensign L. Anderson, matron of ta j Balvation Army Woman's Industrial ; Home. No. 16S0 King street. , STILL A LOT OF Holiday Goods LEFT AT FUKURODA'S. 28-32 HOTEL STREET. riasre. In the case of the Chinese all is changed. His welcome is ieers and stones. I well recall a scene often enacted before my eyes in San Francisco during the later sixties, when I was a child. Oriental steamer day frequently came on Sunday, and the Chinese immi grants were carted in open express wagons through the very center of the city to Chinatown. Regardless of the peaceful nature of the day, kept far better then than now, knots of boys and young men gathered on the street corners to revile the newcomers with oaths, while they compelled the wagons to run a gaunlet of flying missiles, which prophesied the sort of treatment every Celestial might ex pect in free America. Only the other day in Philadelphia,' the City of Brotherly Love, a cultured Chinese gentleman, long resident there, informed a lady, who expressed surprise because his wife and daughter remained too closely at home, that he did not dare allow them upon the streets, fearing not only insult but even violence. As soon as the Chinese had iesided long enough in the country to learn to love it and desire citizenship, the right was denied them. Xo effort is made to induce them to become landowners, and as for tbp social realm, ostracism is so much a matter of course that no can do it yourself, but the scientific one dreams of any other possible treatment. If the Chinese is not use of lenses involves something more a genuine immigrant, whose fault is it? than experimenting. Hawaii's answer is, "Certainlv not the Chinaman's." First of temgntiy11 STSSSS? - all, the Chinese never encountered stones and oaths from the Hawai- a difference between eye-tests and eye jan. He began coming as early as 1802, brought over at the in- examinations. Did that fact ever oc- stance 0f tjie most enlightened monarch these islands ever knew, CUr tO yOU? I' l,-,t f.rpat Tin to tP,C? vprv fpr r1i-5ft0 v.; v.t- Kt then the demands of the sugar industry began to be felt, and the Chinese were introduced in respectable numbers as plantation la borers. Two sets of statistics of Chinese immigration were kept in two government departments. There is quite a discrepancy be tween them. The larger totals are probably the more correct and are therefore selected. These show for ten-year periods, up to the vear 01 annexation, ioo, aiuvcwa v min-v. m iitiixu as lows : 1S52-1861 674 1862-1871 1,629 1872-1881 14.867 Thumping the keys of a piano Is not music, and putting successively vari ous lenses before the eyes is not an ex amination, even though certain im provements in vision are obtained. A. N. SANFORD OPTICIAN-, Boston Building, Fort Street Over May & Co. HONOLULU IRON WORKS COMPANY. Machinery, Black Pipe. GalTMlLMl Pipe, Boiler Tubes, Iron and Steel, Ba glneers' Supplies. Office Xuuanu street. Work Kakaako. To ask that a newcomer from a foreign country lay aside all his inherited and acquired habits and customs as soon as he enters the United States as an immigrant is demanding an impossibility. No immigrant does this. Visit Little Italy, Little Russia, and all the other little foreign countries in New York City. Everywhere the immigrant, entirely apart from language, finds it hard if not impossible to conceal his nationality, however ardently he may strive to Americanize himself. In few cases doubtless does the thought of making himself over again into an American ever occur to him. But with his child it is different. The new environment makes an American of him whether he will or not. Now, the glory of the Chinaman is his stability of nature. It is some day bound to place him very near the head of the human race. The great dif ference in custom existing between him and us emphasizes his ad herence to what he has been taught. Still, he changes. The first generation does learn, on occasion ever growing more frequent, to substitute trousers and shirt for the shapeless bag clothing of China. Way back in the sixties in California, beaver hat and Prince Albert coat were donned on Sunday by my father's Chinese cook. To de clare the Chinaman despises our customs because, forsooth, he can not at once comfortably adopt them, implies a claim to insight gen erally supposed to be confined to the Divine Being. The truth is, de does not despise them. Give him time, treat him rightly, and he gentlv changes into something suggesting the American. His boy and girl, like the children of all foreigners among us, leap the ence at a bound and become among the most ardent lovers of Old Glorv and nattiest wearers of tailor-made goods that we have. America has heard much of the fearful vices propagated by the Man from Asia. It were well if she should realize that many of her . v m t 1 ! own sons m the Orient nave proven more virulent plague-spots ; there than Chinese will ever become in our country. It is not the man who differs most from us in habits that we need to fear as much as he who is nearest like us. All the reforming forces of our civilization center upon those who strike us as most foreign, and as a result they change, not we. At the reception given in the Chinese Consulate here to Prince Pu-Lun on the latter's way to St. Louis last year, a bevy of young Chinese ladies, speaking pure English and dressed in faultless American costume, served the guests with all the grace possible to their Anglo-Saxon sisters. Some time ago Honolulu's leading daily contained the following advertisement : NOTICE. My wife, Chun Ahfung, having left my bed and board, I will not be responsible for debts con tracted bv her in my name. (Sig.) MARK KUI. Honolulu, April I, 1904. 6756. The wife as well as the husband in this notice is Chinese. Ho nolulu's crrrk short-distance sprinter is En Sue, a full-blooded Chi- s-. brn V-Te a citizen of the Union. Our Mills Institute for Chi ese younT men boasts its football and baseball teams, every mem 'Continued on page 6.) 8 YEAR OLD Kona Coffee We still have a small supply of OUR GENUINE EIGHT-YEAR OLD KONA COFFEE which we are selling in six-pound tins for 1.75, freshly roasted and ground and de livered to your home. If you enjoy really good COFFEE and who does not? Then try it. Order by 'phone Main 217. & Sons. Limited. QUEEN ST.. COFFEE ROASTERS. in-i BEG IX NEW YEAR EIGHT by Ordering Your New Clothing from GLOBE CLOTHING CO., C4 Hotel Street. Prices Eigbt. Kimonos, Silks, ORIENTAL GOODS AT PRICE AT REDUCED 1120 a v e: o u o a , NUUANU ST., NEAR HOTEL. RICE & PERKINS, ARTISTIC PHOTOGRAPHERS. Studio: Hotel Street, near Fort. YAMATOYA MERCHANT TAILOR AND SHIRT MAKER. N'uuanu Street, one door above PauahL P. O. Box 822. SHIRTS OF ALL KINDS, KIMONA3 AND PAJAMAS MADE TO OR DER AND ON SALE. Use Novelty Mills EXCELLENT FIODR: CALIFORNIA FEED CO . Ag9nu 1EAD THE ADVEBT7SEB WOBUD'S NEWS DAILY. 1