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1 LU - THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, HONOLULU, JULY g, 1906. THM PACIFIC. COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER WALTER G. SMITH MONDAY EDITOR. JULY 9 HURRAH FOR THE PRECEDENT. President fcoosevelt is said' to contemplate establishing a precedent by visit- in Panama earlv in November aboard a warship, to take personal observation ot the work beiny .'lone on the Isthmian Canal. In this connection a writer of the Tribune staff in Washington says that the President "could, if he were, able to spare the time, visit Porto Kim, Hawaii ami the Philippines, as there is nothing in the law, written or unwritten, to prevent." The writer goes on to say: "Objection is likely to be raised in certain quarters that the President will set at defiance the old idea that the Chief Executive most not go outside of the limits of the United States while in office. But he may reply to this that to go to Panama would be no worse than sailing from New Orleans to Washington, a feat he accomplished last year. On that journey he was taken outside the 'three league limits' more than once, wps Often out of sight of land, in fact, and. Btill the Constitution of the United States" survived and the Capitol rested pslmlv unon its- foundations. "The old sentiment became common long before the United States acquired any possessions beyond the seas. The canal zone is part and parcel of this country and it is the right, as well as the duty, of the President to make him- pelf acquainted with all parts of the territory." . j THE AGRARIAN OUTBREAK. A dispatch the middle of the past week stated that the agrarian movement in Eussia had developed a 'new phase in the form of a struggle between peas ants who own land and those who do not. Bloody conflicts were reported from several places. It was added that the estates, of the nobility in the province of Saratoff were reported to be in flames. Hitherto, as a recent reviewer has pointed out, the muzhiks, as the peasants are called, "have been the one large element in Russia's population which has not challenged the Emperor's au tocracy." Therefore the fact that many muzhiks had joined the revolutionary groups, which had been strengthened by the rapidly increasing number of dis affected urban industrialists, was taken to indicate a peasant attitude which was especially to be feared by the dynasty. In this connection the reviewer just mentioned says: "The agrarian ques tion has always been the .basic problem in Russian' economics; it is now. the most urgent problem in Russian politics. Unless speedily solved, it may lead to revolution. As Russia is less urban than any other European state, and as the revolutionary centers are found naturally in the towns, not in the country, the peasants are not well organized for revolt. They could not have advanced as far as they have in readiness for an armed conflict on their own account had there not been long, energetic, adroit and persistent incitement by revolutionary agitators from the towns." That such incitement of the peasantry was of most unscrupulous character a writer a few months ago showed. According to this authority the revolution ary agitators traded on the fanatical loyalty of the peasants so as to cause them to make an incendiary raid npon the estates of the aristocratic landlords with the sincere conviction that they were obeying a divine command. Part of the people's religion is that the Czar is the personal representative of the Deity. Therefore it was an irresistible impulse to the spoiling of the landlords they received, all the stronger from inclusion of the promise of landed independence at long last for themselves, when they were made to believe that a decree had gone forth from the "Little Father" that they should possess themselves of the lands and goods of their landlords. It was told by the narrator of the eircum-1 etanees of that particular outbreak of the peasantry that amidst their de structive ana predatory iury tnev were, in many instances, very carer ui not 13 injure the persons of the suddenly overtaken landlord class. They even ex pressed sympathy with them in their disaster, some who had been well treated as tenants evincing deep emotion. Possibly it is a turning of the same trick by the revolutionists, in a new place, -Which has produced the result cabled last week, of the burning of estates of the nobility in the province of Saratoff. No doubt there has long existed the fuel of a revolutionary conflagration amongst the muzhiks, only needing to be ignited by clever hands or through the spontaneous combustion of long-deferred hopes regarding the land. It has "been a hard row the muzhik has had tohoe. More, than forty years ago, before the Russian serfs were emancipated from slavery, about two hundred and eighty million acres of land belonged to the noblemen. In the process of emancipation1 these owners were compelled to sell seventy million acres to the peasants. The Government opened the way for each muzhik, or freed serf, to become at once a landed proprietor of from live to twenty-five acres by furnishing him the money, to be returned in forty-nine annual payments. But in many cases the prices exacted were exorbitant, while the allotments were too small. "Since that time," an Outlook.writer says, "the Russian agrarian population, constitut ing four-fifths of the total population, has nearly doubled. Yet there has been no increase in the allotments, off which many muzhiks are now unable to live; still less are they able to pay their present instalments of purchase money to gether with the alarming arrears." Then there has been a great increase of taxes, besides all the other miseries brought on by the Russo-Japanese war. Upon top of all comes famine in twenty provinces. Recently a correspondent of the London Tribune said that many were lying prostrate in their huts, dying from lack of food and from the epidemics that follow in the wake of famine. .lei, ui iiiia ui-spadtc aituauuu oi me peasants me .Minister or tne interior, fearing the contact of revolutionists with them, had ordered all soup kitchens opened without permission of the local governors to be shut, closing what in some eases were the only channels of relief. ' Is it any wonder that there are frequent tidings of the assassination of governors and their instruments the police? Yet it is deplorable to learn that the fury of the peasantry has developed suicidal practices. With regard to the agrarian uprising of a month ago a correspondent of the New York Sun stated that in certain provinces one could travel for distances of fifty miles and not find any large eountry house standing. The muzhiks had destroyed everything. Not only the buildings, family treasures and agricultural implements of the landed proprietors, but ' ' millions of bushels of grain rye, wheat, barley, oats and thousands of tons of fodder have been burned or scattered in the mire and that, too, when the poor creatures themselves were short of bread and fodder arid dependent upon Government aid. The sheep, bred on a large scale on the fine grass steppes east of the Volga, have been slaughtered wholesale, left to lot and breed infection." Two methods of producing additional food supplies are mooted, one being the increase of land holdings and the other the increase of land productivity. It is pointed out that a disparity in the productiveness of the land owned by the muzhiks and that owned by the large proprietors has arisen not only be cause the latter were clever enough to retain the best soil, but- also because they employed more modern methods of cultivation. A large proportion of the peasantry, including not only the revolutionists but those remaining peaceable, "fancy that all their woes come from insufficiency of land, and that their wrongs can be righted only by forcible and wholesale expropriation." Accord ingly, through their representatives in the lower house of Parliament, "they have been demanding the expropriation in their favor of all the lands belonging to the crown, the church and private proprietors." Yet, it is said that such a scheme, providing all the landless peasants received an average equal quantity of land with the present peasant holders, would increase individual holding b'v not more than two acres. If the operation were accomplished by payment, loan amounting to something like three billion dollars, with annual interest of a hundred and fifty millions, would be required. Forcible acquisition tf the lands on the other hand, would involve revolution. Minister Stichinsky recently made an important concession in the Douma, on behalf of the Czar, when he declared that the Government had at its disposal 2.j.000,0no acres of land which would be sold to the muzhiks on time, through the Peasant' Bank Y J payments not .ommen.-ing for several years. Nearly nine million acres of the amount were m private estates, the owners of which had announced their reidi ness to sell, nnd it was believed that thousands of other landowners would be willing to dispose of their holdings at reasonable prices. Another element of rehef printed was the purpose of the Government to colonize Siberia md Central Asia. Further, the Government expected to improve the existent primi tive and unproductive agricultural methods of the peasantry. The Constitutional Democrats, who arc in a large majoritv in the Doum , are prepared to pay a price for expropriated land. Thev would not confute crown and church lands, but lease them. Moreover, their plan rejects the private ownership of large estates, also the vested interests of commune municipalises, and educational and benevolent institutions. An article on this subject in the Outlook, from which a portion of the foregoing information s derived, concludes in these words: " 1"IormaT,on ls "The agrarian program of the Constitutional Democrats has been explained in the Douma partly by peasant orators, who in grasp of the subject have com pletely changed the general, opinion as to the intelligence of the Russian muzhik, and partly by better trained urban orators, who have exhibited an un expected political force and balance. To enact this program in legislation therf nepd l e no revolution, and. if the program is enacted, a reasonable degree of prosperity should be assured to the muzhik." Ail friends of peace and well-wishers of the Russian peasantry must feel profound regret should this fair prospect of amicable settlement of the agrarian problem be dashed to the ground by the developing of the latest peasant upris ing into a widespread revolutionary outbreak, the issue of which might possibly be another half century of grinding oppression "for the poor muzhiks. By maintaining in potency and improving in form the promising system of popular representative government which they have gained, the Russians will have fur nished history with a revolution as beneficent and grnd as any that the world has ever witnessed. Every problem of the Empire which it? parliament may be able peaceably to solve will advance such a consummation. WE'RE SORRY I KAUAI CRIMINAL CALENDAR IS LONG LI HUE. Kauai. July 7. The July Term of the 5th Circuit Court opened here on Thursday, July 5, Judge J. Hardy presiding, and John D. Willard, Deputy Attorney General and County Attorney conducting the prosecutions. The grand jury, K. H. W. Broadbent, foreman, returned true bills in the fol lowing cases: Territory of Hawaii vs. Wada, em bezzlement. Territory of Hawaii vs. Tonoda, as sault with a weapon. Territory of Hawaii vs. Hasegawa, gross cheat. Territory of Hawaii vs. Ah Sam, larceny, and receiving stolen goods. Territory of Hawaii vs. Aloiau, per mitting gambling, three indictments. Territory of Hawaii vs. Tai Lan, per mitting gambling, four indictments. Territory of Hawaii vs. Tai Lan, J gambling, four indictments. Territory of Hawaii vs. M. Yukichi, gambling, two indictments. Territory of Hawaii vs. Y. Ishisaki, manslaughter. The grand jury was discharged to day. These cases, 'with those continued from the March term, make a long calendar. Geo. D. Gear, A. Perry and Wm. T Rawlins, Honolulu attorneys, are in attendance at court. The trial jurors will assemble on Monday, the 9th inst. UNDERGOES SERIOUS OPERATION When the liner Siberia arrived Sun day, Chief Officer Arthur O'Neill was on duty as usual. After seeing that his ship was securely moored O'Neill com plained of pains in his abdomen, but remained on duty until he saw every thing snug for the night. He was un able to get up Monday morning and Tuesday night was operated on for appendicitis. He is in a local hospital receiving the best care that can be ob tained, and the prospects for his re covery are said to be good. O'Neill is considered one of the most valuable officers in the Pacific Mail Company's service and both - his shipmates and company officials are deeply concerned over his serious illness. The operation was successful and the doctors believe his rugged constitution will enable him to pull through all right. Chronicle. Getting the Proof. Ail the printing we do is a proof of cur ability. We wxlsh the vtry important little things which put such excellence into the finished wort. We know printing and do it to your sat IshdwTU We like to give esii mates, prepare dummies and teH you whatever we can about the printing you want done. HAWAIIAN GAZETTE CO., LTD. King Street, Between Fort and Bethel. f School vacation time calls for home entertainment to keep young ! folks ut of mischief. Xhese two 1 ends are met by BOOKS, GAMES, TOYS, DOLLS, ETC., which , may be found suitable to i various ages, of either sex, at Thos. G. Thrum's Book and Stationery Store, 1063 Fort St. Mill of the latest dates and Photographic Material of every description. Developing and Printing a specialty and satisfactory work guaranteed. Give us a trial ! ollister Drug COMPANY fTHB PIONEER PHOTOGRAPHIC DEALERS, FORT STREET. NEAR HOTEL. For the Man who hasn't an electric fan this kind of weather. Why melt and say "Whew! isn't it hot" ! when you can have an unlimited number of coolest zephrys that blow for $15. Ready to cool at any time? .. . .- i That's the . price ''ptor electric fans. Don't put oit being comfortable. Hawaiian Electric Company, Lid, King Street. Telephone 390. ifl 1 25c Will make your silver shine like new, if ex pended in the pur chase of a cake of GORHAVI SILVER POLISH One Cake will last you for months Used in all large Jewelry stores. Five New Creations The most extensive line of ladies' white canvas ties ever shown in this city. All brand new and fresh. Every size and width is here for you. Come early and get fitted. White Canvas Bryn Mawr Welt Sole Tie. $3.50 White Canvas Blucher Welt Sole Tie 3.50 White Canvas Christy Tie, Turn Sole . 3.50 White Canvas Gibson Tie, Turn Sole. 4.00 White Canvas Paris Tie, Pump Turn Sole 3.50 Large ribbon laces in all. Remember the masses of peo ple buy from us. Manufacturers' Shoe Co., Ltd. 'Phone, Main 282. 105 1 Fort Street. 8. f 119 & CO., LIMITEB. LEADING JEWELERS. TflERS! Do you know that we are showing a brand-new line of CHILDRENS' DRESSES For the Summer You will want a change of scene and atmosphere this Summer in order to fit you for the fall campaign. Haleiwa furnishes the attractions that will contribute toward perfect enjoyment and the rates are so reason able that you will abandon any idea you may have of going to the Coast. Your health is entitled to some consideration; get a little pleasure out of life at the same time. For rates and particulars address ' ST. CLAIR BIDGOOD, Manager. k22 Pani Ice Cream and Lunch Parlors IN Standard Books SOLD ON EASY PAYMENTS AT WH . C. LYON CO , LTD. Cor. Fort and Hotel Sts.; Upstair. Ginghams, Ghainbrays, Percales and Lawns. Here's the line: NAVY PERCALE DRESSES, Polka Dot. 3 to 10 years.. $1.50 each STRIPED PERCALE DRESSES. In Red. Blue, Navy and Black, 4 to 8 years $1.75 each CHAMBRAY DRESSES, In Pinks, Blues, Red and Brown, plain colored, 4 to 8 years $1.75 to $4.00 each GINGHAM DRESSES, In Light Blue Checks and Stripes3 2 to 10 years ..$1.50 to $3.00 each LAWN DRESSES, "White Grounds, Fig ured, Dotted and Flowered, 4 to 10 years $-.50 to $4.C0 each These dresses are all well made, are cut to the latest patterns and will give he best of satisfaction. We are also in receipt of a ship ment of LADIES' WHITE SKIRTS, in Indian Head and Linen, many styles. Indian Head $3.50 each Linen $4.00 to $11.00 each Candy Made Fresh Daily By White Labor Only I Chocolate Creams, Cream Wafers and a large variety of home-made French Stick and Taffey. (Late Miller's.) Ilj6 HOTEL ST., NEAR FORT. LUDWIGSON & JUNGCLAUS, - ... Proprietors. IT A TTD w m mm v mm tt n THE NEW ACRE SUBDIVISION IN KALIHI VALLEY. 54 ACRES WERE SOLD TO 18 PURCHASERS IN LESS THAN 3 MONTHS. These ACRE TRACTS, containing 8 of the ordinary houselots of other favorite suburbs are offered for sale at the moderate price of from $200 to $400 according to location, 1-4 cash, the balance to suit purchaser at 6 per cent. int. This property commends itself to homeseeker and in vestor alike on account of its extremely low figure, liberal terms, proximity to town, fertility of soil, healthful climate, fine views and elevation of about 350 feet above sea level. Ring up 'Phone, Main 480 and make engagement to look over this property or see CHAS.S. DESKY J 3P mi GOOD GOODS. PROGRESS BLOCK.