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THE SUNDAY ADVERTISER, JULY,; 19, 190.
4 SUNDAY ADVERTISER v AH Co ial N mmercia ews WAZ.TES O KMITH EDITOR .1 s .- By Charles. L. Rhodes. SUNDAY JULY 19 w ; WARSHIPS PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE. : What was the standard battleship in 1808, and what will it be in. 3008 a century hence f 5 A century ago it was a three-decker ship-of-the-line, with upwards of sixty muzzle-loading, smooth-bore guns, with three full-rigged masts, the hull being the' length of the Honolulu liner Alameda. The guns had an effective range of about two miles, and were aligned in tiers, one above the other. according to the decks, for the delivery of a great weight of iron in broadsides. There were no rifled guns on board, no-largs guns fore and aft, and the method of battle was to either get the weather-gauge and rake the decks of the .enemy or crowd alongside, grapple and send boarders on the decks of the hostile ship to settle the fight hand-to-hand. Vessels like these met at Trafalgar and en the Nile. A ship of the type of the U. S. gunboat Yorktown could have sunk them all, English, French and Spanish, and taken command of the sea. Such a vessel, though trifling enough now, could have cleared the way for the invasion of the British Isles by Na poleon, and changed the course of history. Are the great battleships of today going to be as useless for offence and defence a century hence as the Victory, the Bellerophon, the Constitution, ; and the Chesapeake of the first years of the nineteenth century would be now? Is it not probable that they will be ready for the scrap-heap long before thenf The chief scientific conquests of the present century in matters affect ing warfare, not counting wireless telegraphy, have to do with aerial and sub marine locomotion. Mankind is making a conquest of the air and an invasion of the depths of the ocean, and success in either effort which seems to be secure will probably mean that the standard fighting-' machine of the present will he suhiect to attacks that it cannot hope to resist. What thenf Shall we see airy navies Grappling in the central bluef - or creeping monsters of the depths seeking each other's lives far below the winds and waves? Or shall we see that civilization of governments which sub stitutes the decisions of courts for public war as it already has for private wart Of one thing we may be fairly sure. The changes in the factors of sea power are likely to be more momentous in the twentieth century than they were even, in the nineteenth, when the revolution begun by steam and armor over turned the standards of a thousand years. , -t- , The Late Grover Cleveland The Argonaut. Being a man of colossal capacity for hard work, going to the bottom oj things at any expense of personal effort, Cleveland had no sympathy with thj shirker and openly professed not to understand the professional hanger-on and office-seeker when such position was a sinecure. When he saw the office-seeker's sign gathering on the horizon, Mr. Cleve land could be distinctly disagreeable. On one occasion when a certain Senator approached him upon this subject, and complained about his policy concerning appointments, Cleveland turned upon him with, "Well, what do you want me to do!" "Why, Mr. President," the Senator answered; "I should like to see you more expeditious in advancing the principles of Democracy." "Aha!" said Cleveland. "You mean that I should appoint two horse-thieves a day in stead of one." But for the very reason that he made his appointment with such deliber ation he was usually sure of the men he appointed, at least in the cases of im portance that made it possible for him to know the appointee. Many Calif or nians remember the appointment of Mr. Zach Montgomery as Assistant Attorney General, of the Interior under Attorney-General Garland. To a certain member of the cabinet 3Ir. Montgomery's appointment was not agreeable because of hi3 ardent Roman Catholic principles; the main issue of his life-work being the encouragement of parochial schools among Catholic families. ... "You have no intention of confirming this appointment, have you, Mr. President f" the anti-Catholic Senator asked. Receiving no answer, the Senator went on at greater length to descant upon Mr. Montgomery's zeal in his cause, illustrating his point'by citing instances of Mr. Montgomery's energy and de termination in carrying his point when once his mind was settled, even showing copies of The Family Defender, the organ of Mr. Montgomery's crusade. Seeing the President showed an interest in what he was Baying the .Senator felt con fident of winning the day, but at the end of his argument Mr. Cleveland said in the cheerful tones of a man who has heard good news: "All you have said added to what I know personally of Mr. Montgomery's character'convinces me that we need just such indomitable stuff in the department." Consequently Mr. Montgomery's appointment was promptly confirmed by the President, and there grew up between these two iron-clad natures a close and enduring friend ship. The man is not living who has ever succeeded in dissuading Grover Cleve land from a point once bis mind was made up after due consideration. Resolute, self-contained, honest, he stood alone and unshaken if the forces were against him, but the very strength of his position often brought the forces .over to his side. It was a long struggle sometimes, but he possessed the poise of character that enabled him to wait, unless, of course, the means lay within his power to hasten results. An instance of this waiting until his iron was hot before strik ing was shown at the time an effort was being made in the Senate to talk the Sherman Act to death. After it had been before the House a matter of two months one of the supporters of the act came to Cleveland feeling their cause was lost. "I see no way of breaking this deadlock, Mr. President," he said. Now. there is Senator for instance, who swears this bill shall not pass until hell freezes over." And the Senator was supposed to be the bulwark of the opposition. "Then," said Mr. Cleveland, who had made a move in the matter himself, "you may say to that gentleman with my compliments that hell is going to freeze over in exactly twenty-four hours." In an. address made by Mr. Cleveland last year before the Union League Club of Chieago occurs a sentence we may turn upon himself in the same spirit in which he addressed it to others: "Though it is not given to us to see in the magnifying mirage of antiquity the exaggerated forms of American heroes, yet in the bright and normal light shed upon our beginning and growth are seen grand and heroic figures who have won imperishable honor." For while men have lived longer under the microscope of public interest than Grover Cleveland, it must be conceded that he has earned fairly and squarely the en comium, "He was a great fisherman, a great statesman, a great citizen, and a good neighbor." . . : . Jit Jt J J J H 3 Honolulu and the Navy. Navigators and Pirates. Paulet's Baffled Seizure. Civil War Visit-ants. Boston's Part in 1893 Togo's Iron Discipline. 3 i r se r 4V v tff itrsrvr The National Divorce Laws Washington Herald. Public opinion is a great and vital force in the government of the United tites, but sometimes, perhaps, fear of it goes so far as to prevent the enact ment of laws which could not fail to be beneficial to the social welfare of the country. Particularly is this true in the case of the divorce laws of the country, which, owing to the multiplicity of enactments in various States, are in such an ijextrieable tangle that the searchers after genealogies, one hundred years hence, are likely to have more than a little difficulty in tracing families back amid the complicated branches of the family tree. Impetus to the demand for uniform divorce laws for the United States, was given by the recent conference of the Methodist Episcopal church, held in Baltimore. The mere fact that so powerful a church body took up the question and indorsed the demand is a guarantee that public opinion on the question is becoming crystallized, and there is hope that before long the feeling will be come so strong as to compel action on the part of Congress and the several States to incorporate in the constitution the power to promulgate a national law regulating marriage and divorce. It is probable that such action would have been taken a long time ago if public opinion had demanded it. But in many States there is a body of people who, refusing to recognize the change that has come over social ethics and social expediency, are. old-fashioned enough to decry divorce at all. In some States the laws are so lax as to invite those complications which make divorce a social evil and an aid to immorality. (Continued on Page Five.) Honolulu has known naval people most of the time since Captain Cook's Discovery sailed into Kealakekua bay on the big island and sailed away, leaving its eommander and some of its crew dead at the hands of the savages. What became of the remains of Captain Cook no living man is supposed to know. That his flesh was scraped from the bones and burned, and the articulated tkeleton deified and hidden away in some cave, and that the raw heart of the English commander was eaten by a child by mistake for the heart of a pig thus starting the false story of cannibalism here -"is the tale of history. Some where, probably in one of the haunted caverns of the Kealakekua bluff, the bones of Cook, wrapped in tapa cloth and red feathers, still lie. The man who found them would get his price from the Bishop Museum here, or, if not, from the British Museum.. But no native would give a clue if he had it. The direst superstition envelops the whole region of Napoopoo. . Hawaiians say that no man can search the caves about there without coming to grief; and many acci dents, some fatal, to men who have tried, serve to give the legend support. The circumnavigator's ship, the Discovery, may still be in use as a coal hulk at Alexandria, Egypt. She was about twenty years ago, when King Kalakaua saw her on his trip around the world. if Spanish pirates once visited us. As Alexander tells the story in his Brief History of the Hawaiian People: "A suspicious looking craft named the Vic tory, alias Santa Rosa, arrived at Kealakekua bay under the command of an Englishman named Turner. The crew, who spoke Spanish, were a lawless set, and spent most of their time carousing on shore. They had abundance of gold and silver, crucifixes, candelabra, cups and other sacred vessels, taken from Roman Catholie churehes. Kamehameha purchased the ship of her officers and crew and renamed her the Liholiho, intending to send her to Canton with a cargo of sandalwood. "At last, in September, 1818, a Spanish man-of-war from Buenos Ayres, the Argentina, commanded by Captain Bouchard, arrived and siezed the Victory. The captain-informed Kamehameha that its crew were pirates, who, during the war of independence, had run away with the Santa Rosa, a jsloop-of-war belong ing to the province of La Plata, had pillaged a town on the Chilian coast, and stripped the churches of their sacred ornaments and furnishings. Accordingly the King immediately sent out his messengers, who captured most of the buc caneers and delivered them to justice. The greater part of the church orna ments were also recovered by his orders and restored to Captain Bouchard, who appointed Don Marin consul of La Plata. Hearing that the first officer of the Victory had gone to Waimea, Captain Bouchard sailed thither with an order from Kamehameha-to the chiefs of Kauai. The pirate was given up and sum marily tried and executed on""tbe beach at Waimea, after 'which both vessels laid in supplies at Honolulu and finally sailed for California. . . . "In: 1817 the Argentina had cruised against the Spaniards and captured a brigantine belonging to the Governor of Guam. In November, 1818, Captain Bouchard made a descent on the California coast and sacked the town of Monterey." , 4 Sir George Paulet, an English naval commander, annexed these islands to Great Britain in February, 1S43. His relative, the British consul here, had stirred up trouble with the King, with a view of annexation, and Sir George, (Continued on Page Five.) Notwithstanding the week has been filled with the excitement of the fleet, there-has been a considerable volume of business in stocks and bonds, and prices on the whole have ruled firm, with some slight advances, and the market can by no means be called stagnant. Ewa has advanced fifty cents a share, considerable of it selling yesterday at 28. Of Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar Company, there have been sales at 96, and it is firm at that figure lid. Of Hawaiian Sugar there have been several large blocks sold at 33.50. HONOKAA EONDS SOLD. Honokaa has shown marked increase in priee, and there have been active dealings in both the stocks and the bonds. The plantation has a good crop and plenty of water to flume its cane to mill, which are the factors contributing to, this advance. Two thousand dollars' worth of the new Honokaa bond issue were sold on the Exchange yesterday morning at par. This is the first deal in these bends on the Exchange, though there have been sales of the issues before at par. These bonds can not be called in for ten years, which it is considered ought to make them a good investment for trust funds, where permanence of investment is an important consideration. Oahu Sugar Company stock is keeping right up in price. SOME BIG CROPS. Onomea plantation, it is now reported, will have a crop of over 15,000 tons. Ookala may touch 5000tons, and Olaa will in all probability go to 18,000 tons. Waialua is now expected to have from 31,000 to 32,000 tons. Its five per cent, bonds have gone up' from 95 in the earlier part of the week to 9 yesterday. Ewa plantation next year will probably have a crop of 35,000 tons. There have been some large deals in Kekaha, an unlisted stock, during the week. MORE THAN HALF A MILLION TONS. It was rather timidly stated in these columns last week that the indications were that this year s crop would reach 500,000 tons, or possibly a very little more. It can now be stated with confidence that it is certain to go above 500,000 tons, and' may go to 510,000 tons. Roughly, -the Sugar Factors' Com pany will handle a little more than 420.000 tons, and the plantations outside of the Sugar Factors' Company will handle a little less than 90,000 tons. In this connection it is interesting to note that the consumption of sugar in the United States du ring the first half of the year increased 112,593 tons, or 7.63 per cent..' The total consumption for the six months was 1,586,989. 1 (Continued on Page Five.) Small Talks j A Few Words From Mrs. Bottlecork By Wex Jones. "I'm sure I don't want to see this Bcb Evans go over and fight the Japs kimonos are expensive enough now, goodness knows. And if those straits of whatyuomaycaUem are so dangerous, I don't see why the sailors can't go out to San Francisco by the railroad it would be quicker, too, even if it did cost a little more. "I wonder if my cousin James met any of the sailors when they went to South America. He's been in Honolulu for, ten years now. He could shov this Bob Evans, as you call him, the safest place to sail his ships. There's a lot in knowing a place. . "What's that, Ethel? Honolulu's not in South America, isn't it? Oh, indeed, miss it's a new thing for you to know any geography and to butt in and contradict your mother like that while your father sits there laughing. I don't see what American ships want to go to unknown places for, anyway,; when they could be kept on a pretty lake where there's no storms and -those nice officers could dance at the hotels. A "Now, look here, John Bottlecork, let me get in a word edgeways. You object to everything I say, and you don't know any more about ships than I do my brother's nephew has crossed the Atlantic four times, and you snap at me like one of those police dogs. "No, Ethel, I do not know the capital of Oklahoma; ask your father. He knows everything, I guess, by the way he tries to laugh at me whn I make a remark. I never could remember anything about those Oriental countries anyhow. Oh, it's not Oriental, isn't it just plain American. Indeed! Well, it sounds Oriental or something; I never heard any such name near Pough keepsie, where I spent the happy days of youth before that leap year came along and your father accepted me. 1 don't wonder some of these girls marry foreign counts some of them look elegant in the pictures, only I don't see how the poor fellows can ever live abroad in a foreign land, where nobody can pronounce the names, and there's no department stores. Not that men ever go near a store They're ashamed to be seen going into one to buy something useful when they could just as well be slipping into a saloon to throw their money awav. "I never heard of a man yet who'd buy his wife a dress and then say, 'Have another? Sure. Just one more. Another of the same, girl!' "Oh, don't interrupt me, John. I know what you're going to say you do the best you can why don't you go down, then, and where has that baby gone? Ethel, why don't you mind your little brother? Ba-a-a-beeee! I'm sure I hear him crying somewhere. "Well, if he hasn't crawled into the icebox. Poor ickle fellow is he all frozed his poor little toes are frozen stiff and he's just tramped the pie till it's spoiled. The little brat!" MADAME ABBAL Ze place is lofely as ze paradise. L. M." WHITEHOTJSE We are still praying for rain at tne dam. JAMES BEAVEE Selling badges? Naw! This is a jay town about badges. A. HUME FORD The beach is getting back its old-time popularity this summer. 1 G. J. WALLER The Hawaiian delegates to Denver got their full share of the honors. R. H. PATCHTN This touring the world in a battleship suits me down: to the heels. ' m SHERIFF IAUKEA The police station is the quietest place in town now, ince the fleet arrived. REV. W. D. WESTESVELT I believe the volcano pit filled ten feet one night during my stay there. E. E. RICHARDS If Hilo had got to work earlier, it might have been on the calling list of the fleet. . FRANK E. THOMPSON I enjoyed the whole Wild West show, naturally, but what I liked best was the hold-up. CORRESPONDENT MATTHEWS This is my second trip to Honolulu, and the more I see of the place the better I like it. J. H. HERTSCHE The whole credit for the magnificent illumination of the Young and Moana hotels belongs to Theodore Hoffman. " LAND COMMISSIONER PRATT Governor Frear has not made out his roster of the Land Advisory Board as -.yet, but may do so on Monday. CORRESPONDENT CLOTWORTHY Enlisted men say that 'Honolulu is more like Los Angeles in its hospitality than any other town they have been n. GOVERNOR FREAR Secretary Mott-Smith and myself have had letters from Secretary Garfield, expressing his thanks for the good time given him here. JACK LUCAS An Advertiser man told me that all hands would vote for me for Mayor because I can make more news for the papers than any ten of 'em put together. ' " A. GARTLEY So far there hasn't been a complaint. of any kind come to us, enner tureeuy or maireetJy, irom the sailop as to any price raising on the part of anybody; . - ' BISHOP RESTARICK In looking over the archives of the church to pre pare for Sunday's sermon I have found many historical facts that are new even; to Governor Cleghorn. MRS. WILLIAM MONTROSE GRAHAM The Kilohana Art League has the coziest rest station for the sailors in town, but they seem afraid to come in. Our cozy corner ought to catch them, but It doesn't. . W. R. CASTLE Gorham D. Gi'lman, of Boston, is one of the best friends the Hawaiian Islands has in the East. He is always doing what he can to ad vance the interests of the Islands, especially at the Mohonk Conference. REV. DR. SCUDDER The Advertiser is right. Sunday baseball with paid admissions, paid players, or any other money-making features is business, not recreation, and there should be no room for it in the twentieth century civiliza tion that has regard for the rest rights of working men and women. A Leper Healed New York Tribune. Wonders never cease, but ears grow deaf and eyes blind to tale-bearers. iIodren man is so beset by novelties, prodigies and revolutionary discoveries that he can scarce discern a marvel for the wizardry about him. The first edi tion of the morning paper tells of a new airship, the n-xt of a new explosive; a fifty-storied office building is announced at noon, and sunset leaves men talk ing about a $20,000,000 bequest. The upshot of it all is that when something really extraordinary and important is reported it is likely to get lost in the multitude. A striking illustration of this danger was afforded the other day by the fate of a news dispatch from New Orleans reporting that the Louisiana State leper colony physicians had discharged a patient as cured and had re jeased on probation five others as practically cured. It need not concern us here whether the dispatch is wholly accurate or whether the medical authorities are sure of their decision. The curious fea ture of the incident is the cold reception given to the brief news item by the commentators of the daily press. The lightest rumor that an institution as reputable as the Louisiana colony has cured a leper ought to make men prick up their ears even in the June of a Presidential campaign. Leprosy is one of the most ancient, most hopeless, most universal, most terrible of all diseases. The records of dimmest antiquity are darkened with its name; India, China, Egypt and Greece knew its flail; Mediaeval Europe was scourged' by it, with greatest violence between the tenth and fourteenth centuries. Today it is se riously prevalent in half of South America, the Antilles, the African coast countries, all Mediterranean countries save Austria and Egypt, the Philippines and Japan. It is moderately common in California, Louisiana, Mexico, Brazil and India. Isolated cases are found in practically every part of the world, and, in the opinion of leprosy specialists, the fearful malady is destined to be come common in the United States. Ever since the bacillus of leprosy was dis covered by Hansen in 1873 the medical world has been convinced that the dis ease is curable. Many failures have been recorded by heroic investigators and many empty boasts have been uttered by reputation seekers. But these can not detract from the importance of the Louisiana report, which, if able to endure investigation, heralds one of the greatest achievements in the history of medicine.