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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, HONOLULU, SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, 1909.
THE Pacific Commercial Advertiser A MORNING PAPER. WALTER G. SMITH . . . . - - - - EDITOR SATURDAY : : : : : : : : JANUARY 2 AN EPOCH MAKING CALAMITY. The catastrophe at Lisbon in 1753, by which that city was ruined and 60,000 people lost their lives, has stood by itself as ttie greatest modern type of seismic disaster. So little has been recorded of a 'calamity in old Yeddo (now Tokio) by which 100,000 people are supposed to have been drowned by a tidal wave, following an earthquake, that the Lisbon horror has been treated as the one particular manifestation of the earth's lethal energy by which the effects of modern temblors may be measured. Yet Lisbon's fate has now been eclipsed by that of the cities near the Strait of Messina, where volcanic as well as earthquake force, with the added might of an inrushing sea, have compassed the death of over 100,000 and perhaps 300,000 people and have laid populous tities in the dust. Besides this catastrophe, the destruction of Pompeii and llerc'ulaneum, in the year 79, and any other event of similar origin since of which accounts are at all clear, belong in milder categories. We must almost fceek the story of that vast legendary convulsion by which a continent beyond the pillars of Hercules sank, to be reached thereafter only by deep-sea sound ings, to find anything more horrifying. A thousand years from now the Sicilian and (Jalabrian earthquake of 1908 will occupy a closely-read page in history. In ages beyond that legends will cluster about it and myths will rear their shadows of evil over the scene. It is a far-reaching terrestial event, an epoehal chapter cf history. Literature, art and tradition will unite to convey its terrifying impressions to a remote posterity. . : CARNEGIE ON COPARTNERSHIP. "In the future, labor is to rise still higher. The joint stock form opens and capital that their interests, broadly considered, are mutual; and as far as the latter is considered it may finally, in some eases, be all furnished by those engaged in the works, which is the ideal that should Le held in view the work man both capitalist and worker, employe and employer. "This, however, is not for our time. We are only pioneers, whose duty is to start the movement, leaving to our successors its full and free development as human society advances. The first company so owned will mark a new era in the relations of labor and capital. We may not have to wait long for this experiment, since it is in line with recent developments. The writer has no desire to embark again in business. But nothing would appeal to him so strongly as his ideal. He should like to address a body of workmen, many thousands in number, as all fellow partners. "The writer is convinced," Mr. Carnegie says in conclusion, "that this is to be the highly satisfactory and final solution. The first step in advance has already come in the natural progress of evolution no revolution necessary and it is earnestly pressed upon the attention of the intelligent workingman and his leaders, some of whom seem to have been misled into devoting them selves to the advocacy of a system, admittedly unsuited to our day, which re quires an organic cnange in tne relations ot society, ana, inaeed, involves a complete revolution in the nature of man the task of a thousand years. The experiment of labor-and capital union workmen-capitalists has exceeded, so far, all expectations. Even the convinced Socialist might, therefore, hair it as at least a step in the right direction, making labor's position better than be fore, saying to himself: 'Let the future bring what it may, a bird in the hand is often worth a whole flock in the bush. Our socialistic remedy is for the future; let us not forget this in our dealing with the present.' "Such seems to the writer the part of wisdom." the door to the participation of labor as shareholder in every branch of business. In this, the writer believes, lies the final and enduring solution of the labor question. Nothing can stand against the direct management of owners. We are only pioneers whose duty is to start the movement, leaving to our successors its full and free development as human society advances." These are striking statements found in an article by Andrew Carnegie in the forthcoming January number of The World's Work. An editorial note states that the article is taken from Mr. Carnegie's new book, "Problem's of Today," and that it is published in the magazine "because of the remarkable it might be called even sensational forecast that he makes of the continued improvement in the position of labor till profit-sharing does its perfect work and the laborer and the capitalist become the same man.", " Ht. Carnegie tells of the beginnings made by the Carnegie Steel. Company many years ago by making from time to time forty-odd young partners, who paid for their interest in the business by their notes, payable only out of the profits of the business. Great care, Mr. Carnegie says, was taken to admit workers of the mechanical department, which had hitherto been neglected by employers. Speaking further on the combination of many steel works into the one United States Steel Corporation, he says that the problem presented was not altogether new, "for individual and corporate management have coexisted sines joint-stock companies were formed. The former had undoubtedly great adyan-j tages over the latter. Able men managing their own works, in competition with, large bodies of shareholders employing salaried managers, were certain to dis tance their corporate competitors, and did so. Nothing can stand against the direct management of owners.",? Going on to speak of the experiment of the United States Steel Corporation in interesting its officers and employes in its shares, Mr. Carnegie says that "every corporation could well afford to sell shares" to its saving workmen, giv ing preference in repayment at cost as a first charge in case of disaster, just as present laws provide first for the mechanic's lien and for homestead exemp tion.'' This is due to "the workmen , who necessarily buys the shares without knowledge"; and is asked to buy them, not solely for his own advantage, but for the. benefit of the company as well the advantage of both." $r The writer points out that ?'jiist as the mcehanieal world has changed and inmroved. 80 the world of labor has advanced from the slavery of the laborer to the day of his absolute independence, and now to this day, when he begins to laKe HIS proper pil.ee UB me cajHiauai-puuci ui ma cmjuujw. "; forward with hope to the. day when it shall be the rule for the workman to be partner with capital, the man of affairs giving his business experience, the workingman in the mill his mechanical skill, to the company, both owners of the shares and so far equally interested in the success of their joint efforts, ach indispensable, so that without their cooperation success would be im- -possible." '' - .' ' ' ' ' Replying to the possible charge of being oversanguine, Mr. Carnegie declares himself convinced that "the huge combination, and even the moderate corpo ration, has no chance in competition with the partnership, which embraces the principal officials and has adopted the system of payment by bonus or reward throughout its work. The latter may be relied upon, as a rule, to earn handsome dividends in times of depression, during which the former, conducted upon the old plan, will incur actual loss, and perhaps land in financial embarrassment, ' By way of illustration, he cites the case of the Filene stores, of Boston, which, he says, "has gone farthest of all in the direction of making its em ployes shareholders."" The establishment, he says, employs seven to nine hun dred men, the capital stock is held only by employes, and is returned to the corporation at its value, should the employe leave the service. Every share of stock belongs to some one working in the stores. "The most important ad vance," says Mr. Carnegie, "is that all questions are submitted to arbitration, not only complaints or disputes, but wages, scope of work, and tenure of em ployment. More than four hundred cases of arbitration have arisen, and the result is that both managers and employes have been satisfied that this is the true plan. When an employe is discharged, he has the right to appeal to an arbitration board composed of fellow employes of different grades. All wage disputes have been satisfactorily settled. There is a profit-sharing department, having nothing to do with wages, which has been able to distribute varying amounts each year." He goes on to describe the workings of the plan, remarking incidentally that the Filene stores are not excelled, if equaled, in making profits. He cites other examples of profit-sharing and joint-ownership, and then comes to his generalizations, in the course of which he says, among other ihings: "Whether the communist's ideal is to be finally reached upon earth, after man is so changed that self-interest, which is now the mainspring of human action, will eive place to heavenly neighbor-interest, can not be known. The future has not been revealed. He who says yes, and he who says no, are equally foolhardy. Neither knows, therefore neither should presume to consider, much less to legislate in their day, for a future they can know nothing of. "The writer, however, believes one point to be clear viz., that the next etep toward improved labor conditions is through the stage of shareholding in the industrial world, the workman becoming joint owner in the profits of his labor. Payment to slaves and serfs, by providing shelter and food and clothe ing for them, then by orders upon the stores for articles, up to payment by cash to independent workmen today, each a great step forward, have all been tried, and now the coming day dawns when payment is to be made wholly or in part by profit-sharing, the workman having the status of the share-owning official and a voice in management as joint owner. He will be guaranteed a minimum wage, when finally paid by profits entirely, to keep his mind easy and free for his work, the proper support of himself and his family being thus insured. "It may be mentioned that the investments of workmen-partners in the United States Steel Corporation have been very profitable to both the men and the company. "One of the greatest advantages, the writer thinks, will be found in draw ing men and managers into closer intercourse, so that they become friends and learn each other's virtues, for that both have virtues none knows better than the writer, who has seen both sides of the shield as employe and employer. In vast establishments it is very difficult, almost impossible, for workmen and em ployer to know each other, but when the managers and workmen are joint owners, and both are paid wages, as even the president of the company id, we shall see greater intercourse between them. In the case of disputes, it is cer tain that the workmen-partners have a status nothing else can give. They can attend all shareholders' meetings and have a voice there if desired. Entrance into the partnership class means increased power to workmen. On the other hand, knowledge of the company's affairs, its troubles and disappointments, which come at intervals to the most, successful concerns, will teach the work , men much that: he did not know before. "Copartnership tends to bring a realizing sense of the truth to b'oth labor Maui doubts that Judge Kepoikai's resignation was sent to or accepted by the President. We know nothing positive about acceptance, but it is true that Governor Frear carried the resignation to Washington to be used in case the charges against Judge Kepoikai should be deemed serious enough to warrant his removal. Rumors have come from there that the resignation has been filed and it is expected that, as soon as Congress reconvenes, the nomination of a new Judge will be sent to the Senate. This information, though not official, comes from well-informed sources, and we have no reason to discredit it. The Mayor's appointments were made to be adjudicated so that his powers may be clearly defined. It is well at the outset to have his rights and 'duties and those of the supervisors' classified so as to avoid trouble in future! An appeal to the courts is in order, or will be soon, and it will be, made without acrimony on either side. The President-elect's remarks on the negro question in the South make a new and true definition of democracy: "Rule by the qualified majority." It is the only sort of democracy which safeguards the legal, economic and moral rights of the people and thus conserves good government. ? -t Mr. Root will succeed Mr. Piatt as Senator from New York, and Governor Hughes is in a fine position to supplant Senator Depew when the time comes. Root and Hughes would restore New York to its old standing in the upper house. ; ...f San Francisco, by an earthquake contribution of $76,720, shows that she has not forgotten. ' .mr" If you want a happy new year, it is largely up to you. BISHOP RINGS. (Continued From Page One.) .,, eruptions throw a column of impalpable dust high into the air, to. a height possibly of a hundred miles, and that this dust spreads rapidly through the rarified air, until finally the globe is encircled. Tfc is elves the hazy ikies and it is the reflection of . the sun 's rays on this floating dust that gives the brilliant sun effects. ' - i i ; "This is the first time since the phenomena were first observed that there has been a repetition of them." Earthquake Not Related. Dr. Bishop is not disposed to , give much credence to the stories thatj there is some connection between the great earthquake of Monday in Italy and the various other minor shocks experienced in Montana, California and these Is lands during the past two week. "It is impossible for me to say that there is no connection between them, but I do not think so." he said "Neither am I in any position to haz ard a statement as to the cause of the Sicilian quake." The venerable Doctor seems to be in very good spirits and gives the visitor a hearty handclasp and a genial smile. In spite of the fact that he speaks of his own frail condition, his appearance is by no means that of a man in any thing but good health, quite as good as could be expected in a man of the age he is. Yesterday he received a large number of New Year callers and talked at fair length with many of them. WE WISH YOU A VERY HAPPY. NEW YEAR Alexander Young Cafe Gill i Of LADIES' ftlE Neglect in Treating Impaired Sight occasionally leads to blindness. The services of an experienced and capable optician will often repair a weakness of vision. In our Optical Department is the means to an end an optician who knows the what, where and how of the sight. IF. Kill Ui 11 OPTICIANS SWEATERS MONDAY, JAN. 4 AT 8 O'CLOCK Our entire line of Blouse Sweaters will be offered at greatly-reduced prices. See window display. 1 Lot Navy and Red, to close at : 3 Lots White, Red and Navy, reg ular price $3 and $3.50, to close at $2.25 2 Lots White, Red and Gray, regu lar price $3.50 and $4, 'to close at $2. SO 2 Lots White and Red, regular price $4.50 and $5, to close at $3.00 usiness that carries a stock of the best there is in the various lines dis played, for twelve months in every year, is the one to pat ronize when quality is wanted. With us the value is represent ed by the price charged there's harmony here. L HHP! GUI Leading Jewelers FORT STREET IT WILL PAY YOU To look into the merits of They are current savers, yet give the nearest approach to daylight of any artificial illuminant. - The Hawaiian Electric Co., Ltd. Hall's Safes and Vaults ABSOLUTELY FIRE AND BURGLAR-PROOF. The walls of this safe are filled with a special fire-proof composition that prevents all heat f rom passing through to the inside. ; The perfect construction of every detail makes it im pervious to the drill and chisel of the cracksman. If you see the Safe itself, you'll see why it is so superior to others. H. Hackfcld & Co., Ltd. HARDWARE DEPARTMENT. ;' ' From carefully selected pork and smoked on the f premises. These are uncovered and you pay only for clean ham. Our bacon is also good. METROPOLITAN MEAT CO., LTD. Telephone 45. THAT WILL MAKE A LADY HAPPY OR THE HOME BEAUTIFUL. DRAWN WORK, CREPES, KIMONOS, SCREENS, i ETC., ETC. NUUANU, ABOVE HOTEL. SAN FRANCISCO HOTEL. SAN FRANCISCO The most superbly situated hotel in the World 'OVERLOOKING THE ENTIRE BAY OF SAN ' FRANCISCO, THE GOLDEN GATE,. AND THE RAPIDLY REBUILDING CITY. CONVENIENT TO SHOPPING, THEATER, BUSINESS. AND RAILROAD CENTERS. THE EPITOME OF HOTEL EXCELLENCE Combining all the conveniences and luxuries a good hotel should have, with many unique, original and exclusive- features. Entirely refurnished and refitted at a cost of over three million dollars.' Social center of the city headquarters of the Army and Navy Scene of most of the social festivities. ACCOMMODATIONS FOR 1000 GUESTS. EUROPEAN PLAN. Single rooms with bath, $2.50, $3.50, $4.00, $4.50, $5.00 upwards. Suites, with bath, $10.00, $12.50, $15X0, $20.00, $25.00 upwards. MANAGEMENT PALACE HOTEL COMPANY i