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The Pacific commercial advertiser. [volume] (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands) 1885-1921, June 26, 1909, SECOND SECTION, Image 9

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The Senators Give and Take Give Their Votes
and Take What Best They
Can Get.
By Ernest G. Walker.
(Mail Special to the Advertiser.)
WASHINGTON, D. C, June 7. If
the books could be exhibited and some
kind of a record there must be it
would show a remarkable system of
debits and . credits between Senator
Aldrich and his Finance Committee, on
the one hand, and individual Senators
en the other hand. , There has been
trading galore, in, which particular the
pending tariff bill has been no different
than other tariff bills. Bargains have
been struck, in return for votes to
support the committee program. Some
times Chairman Aldrich is willing to
deliver the goods and rely upon pay
ment at some future date. So'metimes
he wants his pay in advance. It all
depends upon the Senator, or rather the
Senator's party.
As an instance to the point, the Siyi
a tors from Florida might be mention
ed. They are Democrats, of course.
They have been voting pretty steadily
vith the Senate minority.- But the
Florida Democrats want certain protec.
. tion, especially - on fresh , pineapples.
The pineapple schedule has ' already
been reached. The rates upon canned
pineapples were adjusted so as to be
a, little more satisfactory to the Hawai
ian growers. The Hawaiian growers,
however, are more interested in fresh
pineapples. Those rates were "passed
over." The Finance Committee some
day may find itself in a tight hole.
Its members may want to make a suc
cessful appeal to the Florida Senators
.fprassjsf3iieev..:.;, .
In contrast with those Florida Sen
ators, the Louisiana Senators might be
cited. Both the Lou'isianans are Demo
crats, but Senator Aldrich would de
liver to them any reasonable amount
of political goods and take his chances
en being paid. But the Louisiana Sen
ators have an established line of po
litical credit! Above all things else
they want high duties on raw and re
fined sugars and to be assured of such
duties they vote consistently with the
Republicans on tariff matters and have
for years. Senator McEnery, a
veryaged man, is a little more con
stant in this regard than his colleague,
Senator Foster.
'We don't have to worry about Mc
Enery," said one of the veteran lead
ers recently. "There's one good thing
about him. We know where to find
him." "
There are many cases where these
trades are pending. It all accounts in
considerable part for the peculiar man
ner in whieh the Senate skip3 around
in its consideration of the tariff bill.
The work is done in some such hap
hazard form as it would be to read
every other chapter of a book and
then to read'a page here and there in
the remaining chapters till all had been
As soon as the bill had been re
ported to the Senate, nearly two months
ago, it was read through and all the
paragraphs and amendments agreed to,
where there was no objection. But
of the 700 and odd paragraphs, im
posing some kind of duties, there were
two hundred or three hundred, where
some objection was raised or which
some Senator wanted to debate.
Then a fresh start was taken. The
schedules run from A to N inclusive.
The Senate first undertook to clear up
Schedule A. After the usual coneom
jnitant of unrestricted debate it did
enact most of the paragraphs in that
schedule. Some, however, are still un
disposed of. Sulphate of ammonia is
one of them. It is a byproduct of
modern coke ovens in the manufacture
of gas. The House, by an apparent
oversight, put it on the free list. At
least the gas companies in the big cities
were asleep at the switch. They did
not awake to the situation till the bill
had been reported to the House. Their
representatives have been treading the
corridors of the Capitol nervously ever
since, day after day
The Senate Finance Committee put
sulphate back at 2-10 of a cent a
pound, where it had been 3-10 in the
law. But sulphate of ammonia is
largely used in the manufacture of fer
tilizer and the farming interest began
to thunder in upon Congress. Senator
Smith, of South Carolina, a planter,
became their particular spokesman. Ev
ery time the paragraph about sulphate
of ammonia came up in the considera
tion of Schedule A, Senator Aldrich, or
some one for him. asked that it be
"passed over." Meanwhile the "fix
ers" have been at work trying to
patch things up and they are said to
fcave succeeded. Other inducements
have been held out, so that the duty
of 2-10 of a cent will be allowed to
stand. . . ,
Sulphate of ammonia is only an ex
ample of the wav the Senate leaders
have of moving along tfc .line of least
rorstflnee. As the sessions have pro
gressed, howver, Senator Aldnch has
been saying with greater frequency:
"Well, we had better fight this out
now," whereupon the Senate settles
down to debate and to a test of voting
strength. AN'hen the Macedonian pha
lanx can not dispose of schedules by
diplomacy over the bargain counter,
its warriors lock shields and march
against the enemy. v
After they have marched over the
enemy and trodden him into terra
firma they occasionally turn around and
help bind up his bruises. The lumber
schedule is a case in. point. This is
known as Schedule D. There had to
be a real fight over lumber. Some
Senators wanted it admitted free and
after due debate, there was a vote
weeks ago which decided once for all
that free lumber would not be favored
by this Congress.
"The lumber schedule is now prac
ticaly finished, thank goodness,'' many
a weary soul ejaculated.
Not so. When the issue of free lum
ber had been disposed of and the Fi
nance Committee had demonstrated its
complete mastery of that schedule, its
members decided to pass on. Senator
Aldrich announced that the committee
had decided to redraw several of the
lumber paragraphs, especially those on
dressed lumber. Those revised recom
mendations have not yet appeared, al
though the Senate has gone as far as
Schedule K. But a number of Senators
I who might be a little weakkneed about
i Finance Committee paragraphs further
j 3n in the bill, are tremendously inter
ested in jtems affecting dressed lum
ber. Hence the Finance Committee 's
As a matter of fact there is not to
day a completed schedule of the Al-drich-Payne
tariff bill, although the
Senate is probably within two or three
weeks of the end of its work. But
week after week Senate Aldrich has
been leading the Macedonian phalanx
into hotter and hotter campaigning.
Lumber was the cause of the first hard
battle, then- came sugar and then cotton.
The battle on wool and woolens will
probably be decided next. AH the
while, however, a Senator, the moment
he gets recognition, may discuss any old
question he pleases. If he feels fit for
tackling a particular proposition any
where in the bill he does so. The cot
ton battle was not reached till last
week but nearly a month ago Senator
Dolliver made his first great onset
against that schedule. No one knows
when the. coal paragraphs will be reach
ed, but some days ago Senator Elkins,
of' West Virginia, owner of large coal
mines and the leading ehampion of coal
duties, had finished a speech and had
had it set up in broad galleys at the
Government Printing Office. So he de
livered his speech.
By the time the Senator gets around
to consider the coal paragraphs, Senator
Elkins may feel like delivering the
speech over again, lest his colleagues
may have forgotten what he has already
said. Such a thing has been done again
and again and has wasted many days
of the Senate's time.
When this easygoing process of pass
ing a tariff bill has been concluded, the
final Senate vote will not be immediate
assured by any means. Thus far con
federation is in committee of the whole.
From the committee of the whole the
bill is reported to the Senate. Every
item that has been disposed of, can be
brought up again, debated again, and
a separate vote demanded.
Senator Beveridge, of Indiana, was
beaten in his opposition to a provision
about inscriptions upon ornamental
watches. He promptly announced that
he would renew the fight when the bill
"came into the Senate. "
It is fair to say, neverthless, that
very little of the ground will be gone
over again when the tariff bill is "in
the Senate." The orators will be talk
ed out and a vote will be had very
speedily on the passage of the entire
Senator Tillman of South Carolina,
"Pitchfork Ben," inveighed recently
against the sham battles over tariff.
They made him weary. There have in
reality oeen scores of sham battles over
the bill, since Congress sought to fix the
tariff upon "thousands of items. There
have also been scores of instances where
battle has been declined, because ex
actly the same end could be accomplish
ed by declining battle and conceding as
by having a sham or a real battle, as
the case might be.
Within a few days Senator Aldrich
and Senator Brown, of Nebraska, met
in the cloak room and had it hot and
heavy. Senator Brown turned out to
be an insurgent early in the considera
tion of the tariff bill. It seemed that
the captains-and lieutenants of the
Macedonian phalanx had not taken the
proper precautions about holding Sen
ator Brown within their lines. One of
the duties he wanted was a good stiff
rate upon pumice stone. There are de
posits, of it in Nebraska and some en
terprising Nebraska people aspire to
furnish the material for scouring the
teeth of 90,000,000 people. The Finance
Committee recommended the duty, but
as Senator Brown was acting badly,
rather selfishly, perhaps, when one looks
at the logic of the scramble for tariff
duties, in whieh nearly every Senator
is trying to get something for his con
stituents, the committee decided to
withdraw the pumice stone amendment.
Senator Aldrich told Senator Brown it
should not be offered as a committee
amendment and Senator Brown angrily
announced that he would offer it him
self. . '
He did and the amendment was
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ting Class Pictures
Framed at
nrobably have defeated the amendment.
It has been able thus far to carry or
defeat any proposition that came, up.
The appearance would have been a little
unseemly, probably, had the Finance
Committee defeated an amendment
which it had once favored.
So the good stiff duty on pumice
stone for the benefit ofNebraska de
posits went through kiting and Senator
Brown has been pluming himself on his
success. " Nevertheless, it remains to
be seen what will become of pumice
stone in conference. It is no secret
that a word from Senator Aldrich, who
will be the leading conferee, will cause
that good stiff duty to be dropped like
a hot potato. Without mych difficulty
one can imagine Senator Brown dancing
attendance upon the conferees, waiting
outside the committee room and asking
for the latest word as to what has hap
pened to pumice stone.
Day after day, there are also evi
dences in progress for the balancing of
duties, which will co.me in conference.
The heavy tariff cannonading of near
ly a week had to do in the main with
imposing specific duties on certain high
grades of cotton, especially mercerized
goods. Those duties were probably an
increase, although that- was hotly de
nied, just as it was hotly asserted.
In the same cotton schedules, the
House voted an increase of duty upon
certain kinds of knit goods, which are
now brought into this country in enor
mous quantities. The Senate Finance
Committee cut those duties on knit
goods down to the rates imposed by the
Dingley law. Senator Aldrich gritted
his teeth and stood without flinching
through the vehement grilling that
members of his own party gave him for
those increases on high grade diress
goods. The outcome in conference is
not difficult to understand or to fore
cast. There will be Senator Aldrich on
one side of the table saying that the
higher duties on ladies dress goods can
not be yielded and Representative
Sereno Pavne on the other side of the
table saying that the higher duties on
certain grades of underwear and of
stockings can not be yielded. (
"Well, I will give you the higher
protection on knit goods if you will
give me the higher rate on dress
goods," Senator Aldrich will say;
"Done" responds Chairman Tayne
and there will be another step forward
toward an agreement.
One might think the tariff debate
coull not be faster or more furious than
A "
4 A
it "has been and promises to be. But
the wise Senate leaders have put the
brakes on debate in half a dozen ways.
They have kept firebrand topics in the
background. There has been hardly a
yip about the duties on crude petroleum
and its products and for a very good
reason. The Finance Committee pro
crastinated and procrastinated about
making its report on those products and,
indeed, has not reported yet. Speeches
cn oil would have been spoken and
reiterated many times before ;tMs, if
certain Senators could have official evi
dence of what the duties were to be.
The House of Representatives, through
many of its members, would have added
to the agitation and, whatever the de
cision of the committee, there would
have been protests and petitions pour
ing in from the country. That would
have aggravated the situation.
,That is only one case, The Finance
Committee, it is known, intends to raise
the duties on ground pulp and on print
paper. But there has been no official
recommendation yet and sp the subject
has not been debated. Before the re
port is made, the orators will be more
or less worn out by constant battling
and the committee's program in that
particular can be carried more easily.
Thus are tariff bills passed by such
masters of tactics and strategy as now
rule the United States Senate.
The publicity feature is not to be
overlooked as very important in con
nection with the Senate's performance
which has already worn away two
months and more of Congressional time.
It is said that never before have the
the daily newspapers of the country
published so little of a tariff debate as
this summer. But it is equally true
that never before were so exhaustive
and so detailed discussions of tariff ever
held in the Senate.
Even the acrimonious exchanges
become so numerous, whether between
Democrats and Republicans or between
low tariff and high tariff Senators, that
they are almost commonplace. One
Senator can call another a liar in parlia
mentary terms nowadays without at
tracting any particular attention.
All the same every-word of the great
debate is taken down and preserved.
Mnnv a tvtio over at the Government
Printing Office has been saved a job
through the summer months because
Senators are prolific at talking. The
blue lights blaze forth from the top
floors, where -the composing rooms are,
till along into the morning, while the
typesetting machines rattle away cast
Miss Clutters
Read her letter about it:
"I herewith enclose you one of ray latest
photographs, which will show you what
Newbro's Herpicide has done for my hair.
Since using your remedy, my hair is much
f longer than it was, and it has the lustre
to it that one's hair always has wheii the
scalp is in a healthy condition.
"(Signed) : - .
"No. 3953 Michigan Ave., Flat 210,
Chicago, 111." ; -;
The immense popularity of Newbro's Herpicide, particularly
among the better class, is due to the fact that it never disappoints.
It does all and more than is claimed for it.
Its delightful fragrance, perfect clearness and freedom from
grease or oil, appeal to the discriminating, and its cleansing, refresh
ing and health-giving effect upon the scalp is immediately apparent
Herpicide makes the hair light and fluffy and gives it a silken
Extraordinarily long hair is a gift of Nature that relatively few pos
sess, but not Many would complain if they could save Nature's head cov
ering in its original beauty and luxuriance. . .
The dandruff germ is the greatest enemy of abundant hair. This is on
account of the highly contagious nature of dandruff, which makes it ainnst
impossible to escape the disease without the occasional use of a germ-destroying
Newbro's Herpicide is the OEIGINAL TemedV that "kills the dandruff
germ." It promptly eradicates dandruff, stops falling hair, and (except in
chronic baldness) restores the hair to its former health and activity. Her
picide stops itching of the scalp almost instantly.
Tw sizes.. 50c. and $1. At Drug Stores. Send 10c. in stamps to The
HERPICIDE CO.. Dept. N.. DETROIT. MICTT.. fnr a umnt
Guaranteed under the Food ai.l Drugs Act, June 30, 1908. Serial No. 915
J J J J?
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ing slugs in response to the quiet touch
ing of the keyboards.
The indifference of the newspapers
to the ordinary features of the debate
has spurred the Senators to unusual
activity in preparing as good "news"
speeches as possible and also to exercise
their ingenuity in delivering those
speeches when they are likely to get
the most space. Never before were so
many Senate speeches "set up" in ad
vance that the proofs might be furnish
ed davs ahead of time to the Washing-
I ton correspondents. Never before were
proofs so generously distributed or sent
around with so many polite senatorial
notes to the offices of the correspond
ents. Never before were so many re
quests made to "look over speech" and
to "make as good an abstract of it as
your time will allow." Never before
were so many Senatorial speeches print
ed in pamphlet form, after their de
livery whieh costs a Senator real
money out of his own pocket to be
distributed in big manila envelopes,
franked, to his constituents and to all
others who may or may not be interest
ed. These speeches are going out by
the thousands daily to all parts of the
country. Many, many thousands more
copies are being piled up In committee
rooms against future demands or for
further distribution.
A Senator must actually deliver his
speech. He can not get "leave to
print" as may be done in the House.
When he first came to the Senate, Mr.
I Dick, of Ohio, onee asked leave to pr'nt,
thinking he certainly would have tbe
same privilege there he had long enjoy
ed at the other end of the Capitol. The
request, instead of being looked upon
with merriment, seemed even to shock
tbe sensibilities of the older Senators,
who promptly informed him that his
request was impossible.
However, enormous quantities of
material on the tariff are being inserted
in the Congressional Record by the Sen
?te. The thousand and one campaigns,
big and little, that have been under
way in this city for the last six months
for and aginst tariff items, can be un
derstood next year when the election
is approaching, or a hundred years from
now, by anyone who cares to open the
broad bonks into which the Congres
sional Record is bound. The newspapers
may ignore the great bulk of the tariff
debating, but the politicians expect to
promote a mighty revival of protection
and revenue literature in the course of
a twelvemonth.
The extensive "inserts" are made,
in part, that the readers of the Con.
gressional Record, who are quite
numerous the country over, may have
the facts at hand. This pleases men
who oome here to fight for higher duties
or for lower duties on plate glass,
lumber, hides, oaI, woolens and a dozen,
other big items. Some of them had
briefs printed in the Ways and Means
hearings and some of them also gave
testimony before that body, Sut there
was always additional correspondence
and other additional material pro and
con, by the time the bill reached the
Senate. In certain cases, Senators,
knowing they are fighting a hopeless
battle for some constituent, content
themselves with making a few remarks
and putting the constituent's letter or
brief into the Congressional Record.
But every Senator, who has made a
"set speech" has bolstered up his pie
or his defense with much documentary
evidence. He has written the Treasury
Department for information, ransacked
the Congressional Library, and worried
the liyes out of official heads of statisti
cal and kindred bureaus in Washington.
All this has proceeded on a scale never
before known during a tariff debate in
Congress. Much of the material is ab
solutely worthless. Some of it is so old
as to be out of date. Some of it is
presented with almost an open purpose
to throw dust in the eyes of people who
can not be expected to understand tariff
and economical subjects. But some of
it possesses value. t
Before many weeks the mails' to the
libraries of the eountry and to favored
(?) constituents will be weighted with
packages weighing 300 or 400 pounds
each. These will.be the bound volumes
of the Record the complete and nnex
pnrgated edition of the tariff story from
early March to the end of the extra ses
sion when the signature of William IT.
Taft was put to the bulky parenment
whieh, thereby, is made the new tariff
Now is the time to take a vacation,
get out into the woods and mountains
and visit the seashore, but do not for
get to take a bottle of Chamberlain's
Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy
along with you. It is almost certain to
be needed, and cannot be obtained on
railroad trains or steamships. It is too
much of a risk for anyone to leave
home on a journey without it. For sale
by all dealers, Benson, Smith & Co.,
agents for Hawaii.
"1 .
offlce nndSi

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