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THE SUNDAY ADVERTISES, JULY 11, 1909.
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jThen just sprinkle a little " FORCEGROWTH" over your present
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THE QUEEN A SUBJECT OF
The New York Evening Post, under j
the heading of Liliuokalani at Seven
ty, publishes the fallowing story which
is interesting if not wholly new:
One is apt to hear more of Liliuoka
lani, when she is in Washington, than
of her cousin, J. Kuhio Kalanianaole
(Prince Cupid) who, as Hawaiian dele
gate in Congress, ranks higher than the'
dethroned queen in the councils of her
native land. That is because the "Lily
of Heaven," intentionally or other
wise, manages to keep 1 erself in the
spotlight of publicity.
When Liliuokalani 1 arrived at.. San
Franciseo xin the latter part of 1908,
it was announced that , she was prepar-
possessed a sugar plantation of 6000
acres in addition to smaller parcels
aggregating 1000 acres and. the famous
Washington Place residence in Hono
lulu. Washington dispatches, however,
declared that she had mortgaged her
house - to procure funds for the trip,
and that her only income was an an
nuity of $4000 voted by the Hawaiian
Legislature. Whatever her fortune the
ex-Queen, it is said, still , manages to
maintain the fiction of royalty, t
Credited With Many Accomplishments.
Mrs. Lydia Dominis, as she is known
to 'prosaic Americans, is credited with
many accomplishments, and her writ
ings show no illusions in that respect.
In her book, "Hawaii's Story, by Ha
waii's Queen." she observes: "I was
a. studious girl, and the acquisition of
knowledge has been a passion with me
' ' I : " ; r
. f -If i
ing her personal memoirs for publica
tion, and that she intended to make a
tour of several American and foreign
cities. In the course of time she reach
ed Washington, with the determina
'tion, it was said, of prosecuting her
claim for $2o0,000 against the govern
mnt for the seizure of so-called crown
lands. Then came the suit of Dr.
Charles L. English, who maintained
that the ex-Queen broke her contract
with him, after he had given up his
practice in Washington to accompany
her to Hawaii as private physician.
Dr. English obtained judgment of
$11,600 by default, but last week this
verdict was set aside apparently be
cause the summons had blown away
after it had been tossed into Liliuoka
lani 's motor car by a deputy marshal.
The most imaginative press agent could
hardly have conceived a more ingeni
ous accident, and probably, ia future,
the device will be used by persons whof
nave no desire to appear in court. At
least, fhey should remember it.
At the age of seventy Liliuokalani
lives in an atmosphere of contradic
tion. One report says she is in bad
health, another affirms she has found
the secret of perpetual youth, and is
thinking of a second venture into
matrimony. Various, top, are the tales
told of her wealth or lack of it. Upon
her arrival at San Francisco her sec
retary was quoted as saying that she
during my whole life, one which has
not lost its charm to the present day."
That was written ten years ago. Her
musical talent she describes in this
"The Hawaiian people have been
from time immemorial lovers of poetry
and music, and have been apt in im
provising historic poems, songs of love,
and chants of worship, so that praises
of the living or wails over the dead
were wifh them but the natural expres
sion of their feelings. My ancestors
were peculiarly gifted in this respect,
and yet it is remarkable that there are
few if any written compositions of the
music of Hawaii excepting those pub
lished by me.
"To compose was as natural to me
as to breathe; and this gift of nature,
never having been suffered to fall in
to disuse, remains a source of the great
et consolation to this day. I have nev
er yet numbered my compositions, but
am sure that they must run well up
to the hundreds. Of these not .more
than a quarer have been printed, but
the most popular have been in such
demand that several editions have been
ejhausted. Hoars of which it is not
yet in place to speak, which I might
have found long and lonely, passed
quickly and cheerfully by, occupied
and soothed by the expression of my
thoughts in music, and even when I
was denied the aid of an instrument
I c(.rld transcribe to paper the tones
of my voice. '
"Tn the early years of the reign of
Kamehameba V. "be brought to my
notice the fact that the Hawaiian peo
ple had no national air, Each nation
but ours, he said, had its expression
of patriotism and love of country in
its own music; but we were using for
that purpose on state occasions the
time-honored British anthem, 'God
Save the Queen.' This he desired me
to supplant by one of my own composi
tion. Wrote the National Anthem.
"In one week's time I notfied the
King that I had completed my task.
The Princess Victoria had been leader
of the choir of the Kawaiahao church,
but upon her death, May 29, 1866, I
assumed the leadership. It was in this
building and by that choir that I first
introduced the 'Hawaiian National
Anthem.' The King was present for
the purpose of criticizing my new com
position of both words and music, and
was liberal in his commenlations to
me on my success. He not only ad
mired the beauty of the music, but
spoke enthusiastically of the apppro
priate words, so well adapted to the
air and to the purpose for which they
As a child Liliuokalani met her fu
ture husband, John O. Dominis, the son
of an American sea captain. He at
tended a boys' school adjoining a sort
of royal boarding institute, and it is
related that the pupils were in the
habit of climbing the fence to catch
a glimpse of. the duskv princes and
princesses. Dominis married Liliuoka
lani in 1SG2, rose to be a general and
Governor of Oahu, and died in 1891,
some months. before his Queen lost her
In 1SS7 Liliuokalani, Dominis, Queen
Kapiolani, and a retinue went to Lon
don to attend Queen Victoria's jubilee.
They were well received by British
royalty, but their visit was cut short
by news that a revolutionary move
ment had manifested itself in Hawaii.
By the time they reached home King
Kalakaua was ready to sign what Liliu
okalani describes as the "Bayonet
Constitution." Finally, the King de
parted for the United States in search
of health, leaving his sister, Liliuoka
lani, to occupy the position of regent.
It was not a pleasant billet, owing to
the unrest of the country, and matters
were further complicated for the ra
,gent by news of Kalakaua 's death.
"Before I had time to collect myself
before my brother's remains were
buried," writes the ex-Queen, "a trap
was sprung upon me by those who stood
waiting as a wild beast watches for his
prey. The ministers, who were appar
ently of one mind with the justices of
the Supreme Court, called together the
members of the council, and, when all
had taken their seats, sent for me. -I
turned to Gov. Dominis before entering
the chamber and inquired of him, 'What
is the object of this meeting?' He said
that they had come together to witness
my taking of the oath of office. I told
him at once that I did not wish to take
the oath just then, and asked why such
proceedings could not be deferred until
after my brother's funeral. He said
that others had decided that I must
take the oath then and there.
"Few persons have ever been placed
without a word of warning in such a
trying situation, and I doubt if there
was any other woman in the city who
could have borne with passable equan
imity what I had to endure that day.
I will scarcely limit the comparison to
my sex; I doubt if many women could
have passed successfully through such
an ordeal. Ere I realized what was in
volved. I was compelled to take the
oath to the Constitution, the adoption
of which had led to my brother's
The Queen's Downfall.
The queen, in the hands of poor ad
visers, proved to be a reactionaryShe
and her friends drafted a new Con
stitution, which was intended to dis
franchise all foreigners, who were dis
liked by the more ignorant class of Ha
waiians. The majority of the foreign
ers were American planters and mer
chants, and they made haste to protect
their interests. They formed a "com
mittee of public safety," deposed Lili
uokalani, established, a provisional
government, with the Stars and Stripes
as its flag, and sent a commission to
Washington to ask President Harrison
to annex the group.
Harrison favored the plan, but went
out of office before the matter had been
thoroughly threshed out in the Senate.
His successor, President Cleveland, took
the opposite view and withdrew the
United States protectorate after sending
a commissioner to study the situation
in the islands. Some of the imperial
istic American newspapers made a great
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outcry, the President was abused, and
Oueen. "Lil." as she was called, was
held up to ridicule.
I Liliuokalani was tried on charges
of treason convicted, and sentenced to
pay a fine of $5,000 and to serve five
years in prison. ne aeciareu iuc tw
purpose of the trial was to terrorize the
people and to humiliate her. At all
events, the sentence was not tmeu
.out, for it was apparent that Liliuoka
llani's cause was lost. On July 4, 1894,
a republic was proclaimed, with Sanford
B. Dole as President, and on July 7,
1898, the islands were annexed to the
j Mrs. Dominis has paid several visits
to the country since that event, always
having in view her claims against the
government. She has apparently taken
her lot with good grace, if one may
judge by her first authorized interview,
published in a Honolulu paper in 1906.
These were her sentiments:
f "The past and the monarchy are only
a memory with us. We are satisfied
that the country and the people will be
properly cared for by the officers of
that government whose keynote is
'liberty and equality'. The Hawaiians
of the Islands of Hawaii are faithful to
me without weakening the allegiance
j they and I have for the flag that has
taken ns all under its protection."
TT" y O
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