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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, HONOLtflii. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1910.
THE Pacific Commercial Advertiser - A MORNING PAPER. o;EiaCX O. MATIIESON EDITOR THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 29 SUGAR. 96 Degree Test Centrifugals, 4.18c. Per Ton, $83.60. SB Analysis Beets, 10s. 5V4d. Per Ton, S84.00. S. WEATHER BUREAU. September 28. Last 21 Hours' Rainfall, .02. Temperature, Max. 82; Min. 72. Weather, fair. CABINET MUCKRAKE ! ARTESIAN SUPPLY OF OAHU TO STIR ALASKA! MENACED BY CARELESSNESS President Taft Calls Special'; Unnecessary Waste, Says Campbell, Will Be Corruption. tplot ii .: .in y : 'and'.. the f-ir'.-tho. e iu Two in ( Hoc fell ." i : -s, poile - l.vHV, List ijui ietol:i:e!i s- -v MXANDLESS ANTI-PORTUGUESE BILL. I i" hct wren the Kepuldican and the lemecrntie. or rather the IiKY Kh'LY, Massachusetts, Septem- i ber KJ. The oft-iepeated report that co rrnpuou rega nl To preference rights to home-- shown bv the 'i - forth the Republican poiicv as enacted iu the hi tiie 'ivaiiic Act. The s'-cond quotation sets forth the a-, contained in the hill which Mr. McCandless tried to induce a I leuislature to endorse and which he induced Mr. Candler to intro-;rc- at the aT session. j.tirfaiit ix-iiit- of difference between these policies should be noted. Ii i ,t pkn-e. while both hiiis irive pref erence rights to obtain titles to their homes t lands ever siti.-i-has now become liave themsel ve; resn persons wh tin- pa-sage of the Organic Act. tiie lit law. gives the rijrht also to persons now I without title en public mblicau bill, which residing there who. although they have not t nemsehes resided there ever since the passage of t lie Organic Act. hae succeeded to the rights of others who previously resided there, while the Me 'audit's bill excludes all such persons. Thus, in many ca. in whicii a person resided en the lend when the Organic Act was passed and has since conveyed his rights to others or died or left heirs, the Republican bill gives, but the Ale' 'andless bill would not give, preference rights to J he grantees or heirs. In the second place, and still more important, the Republican bill gives preference rights to homes whether in the country or in the city, while the McCandless bill would give such rights only in the country. Thus, the Mc Candless bin would exclude sill . the Portuguese on the slopes of Punchbowl, for whose benefit the Republican bill was very largely intended, and would also exclude many Portuguese, Hawaiian and others in many places in the Territory. For instance, the McCandless bill would exclude the Ilawaiians living on town lots at YVaiohinu in the district of Kau on the Island of Ha waii, where, under the Republican law, thirteen patents baye just been issued to Ilawaiians living on such lots, and where other patentf jnay soou be issued in eases now pending. These provisions of the McCandless bill, which., if they should be enacted, would thus prevent many persons from obtaining title to their homes were not the result of mere oversight or accident. That bill was prepared long teen published and after it had been carefully Mr. MeCaudless has not changed his bill but the territorial legislature to endorse it and after the Republican bill had examined by Mr. McCandless. has persisted in1 trying to induce t! congress to enaet it just as it is. Moreover, the Democratic platform pledges its candidate for Congress. Mr. McCandless. if he is elected, to never cease in his Pi legate to endeavors." ' until his bill is enacted by congress. If, therefore, he should be elected, he is pledged to make every effort To change the present Republican amendments on this subject so as to prevent the Portuguese on the slopes of Punchbowl and numerous other Portuguese. Ilawaiians and others throughout the Territory from obtaining title to their homes. of government oflieials has been widespread in Alaska and that the Guggenheim interests have been able to influence sonic officeholders in that Trri'ory will be sifted thoroughly at the special cabinet meetings, which President Taf; has called for the latter part of this month iu W.ashingaon. De tailed reports on the Alaskan situation will be made to Taft, and the full membership of the cabinet by Attorney General Wieker&ham and Secretary of Commerce, and Labor Nagel, who were sent to Alaska by Taft early in the summer to look into the accusations ot j irregularities. ST. 1'Al'h, Minnesota. September 13 A recommendation that the adminis tration of Alaska, esruwiallv the iudi clary, IKitt er Disastrous to Agricultural Interests of Territory. The -land artesian water supply of the i losses througll pi-rcolatitm than those , I.. .miO 4'.... .. .lit.t, tli of Oahu is bv no means inex- ou 111 r ,, ,7, ... ,.-i - . , r...,i..i, t it tin- IIO'iiIIHlltr il ii tillt- haustibie. in ta.-t, it is decreasing day goill, water showed a Joss of 113-10 by day through the careless and crimi- per cent. Unr less favorable condi nal waste that marks the operations ! tions, these losses would have been of the residents of the islands, and unless some radical steps are taken, the day will come when the supply will become salty and fail and disaster will result, Thi re is a limit of draft u:on the wells within the city ot Honolulu has been estimated to be between 10, UOU,t.M) to 1,000,(100 gallons of water per day, which is mainly matfe up of preventable wastes and losses which i are unnecessary and criminal, me me anesian buppues anu ix .u .ulu . .. jl( rS((lli un(,ss familiar by lett and reckless waste continues, the level son Jf iaVing investigated all c'ondi ot' the variims basins will gradually re- tions, does not appreciate the - limita luce until the salt content will increase J tions of the supply 'of artesian water; to such a degree that ic will be detri- consequently on the broad principle b better unified, and that the of the government be centered in one spot, will lie maue to J'resutenf Taft by Attorney General Wicker.hani, who passed through St. Paul today, after making a iooO-mi!e. tour of in spection "f Alaska. With Wiekershum on the Alaskan tour was the secretary of commerce and labor. Charles Xagelf. their secre taries, Fiank "ole and Herbert A. Stevens, respectively, and two ii"phews of Xagel. Secretary N'agelleft Wickersbam on the west coast. He will join the attor ney general !u -Chicago tomorrow for t!ie iourntv to Washington. mental not alone to the agricultural in terests, but also to the domestic supply. In such staitling terms does Marstou Campbell, in bis report to the Governor, write of the artesian water conditions. Mr. that the underground water of the Is lands is not ;tu individual or corporate one, but that such water belongs to the people at large, and in order to preserve our present magnificent amp fully bears out in his ! cultural development and aid agri- in its ; ri port the story puojisttea oy l tie Ad vertiser some time since in winch was conveyed a warning against the un necessary waste of artesian water. Mr. Campbell, in regard' to artesian water, writes as follows: Artesian Supply. The most important investigation which has been carried on by the de partment during the last year has been the securing of data in regard to the artesian water supply of the island of ttahu. Tin present agricultural de velopment has been mainly due to the I underlying artesian or ground water "What seems to be needed in Alas more than anything else.' said '.Vh ersham. "is the placing of s eno nmvi r ' in one spot, where a general oversight may be had regarding Alaska :- a whole and where regulations applicable to one part of the- Territory m-iv be intelligently modified when th"y are found to )e inapplicable to another l'art." W'ckf-rsliam said he would make a roc mi mendat ion along these lines to President Taft. SAYS CHINA IS ON THE VERGE OF GREAT CRISIS siii.ii v. Contrary to the general luea. i K- ! the' underground water supply of the slanM tit Oahu is not mexnausu oie hhu is iot one large basin, but is made up ot numerous basins, sharply and clearly defined. Each, -basin has a well-marked watershed from which it derives its "apply, varying in area and rainfall. The waiersiied of the island of Oahu is definitely defined by two mountain ranges: one, the Koolau. the backbone, running the entire length of the island practically from north to south; and the other, the Waianae range, which main range and which lias j large mesa lying between j THE M'CANDLESS BILL. J VICTORIA. September 17. Prof. E 1 A. 1,'oss. professor of sociology at tin" inat anv person qualified to enter i l n:ersity ot isconsin. who Has ll-li ii - i - ! puiine laio.is public land of Wiscon who was residing u pun , ma U i n ir ore?id in the Territory of- I la- Chi na "during tl wan April thirtieth, nineteen hundred, st ud vi u and who is residing upon the same led on' the laud upon the date of approval of this j today, lie Act wherever such land is more useful of a crisi- for agricultural than city- purposes shall have a preference right, to enter such land in, accordance with ) the classification and area prescribed in section six of this Act." THE REPUBLICAN LAW. "The commissioner, with the ap proval of the Governor, may give to any citizen of the United States or to any person who has legally declared his intention to become a citizen, and who shall hereafter become such, which said person has. or who and whose predecessors in interest have, improved any parcel of public lands and resided thereon continuously since April thir tieth, nineteen hundred, a preference right to purchase so much of such par cel and such adjoining land as may reasonably be required for a home, at a fair price, to be determined by three disinterested citizens appointed by tiie Governor, iu the determination of which price the value of improvement shall, when deemed just and reasonable, be disregarded; Provided, however, That this privilege shall not extend to any original lessee or to an assignee of an entire lease of public lauds,'' , : " ; BUSINESS IN POLITICS. , The Garden Islanders continue to show the good sense that has made of their island the model county of the group. The determination to send back to the legislature the four representatives and the senator who, with the holdover-senator, "controlled" things in the last session, is businesslike, and, whatever some may think, business and politics make a splendid working combination. The Kauai delegation for the past six years has made good, with the result that three out of the original four representatives cannot escapeieing nominated every time the occasion arises. They deliver the goods for Kauai and see that there is a fair distribution made of the balance for the other islands. They run the house by team work and brains; their team work is for the benefit of their own constituency, their brains are at the disposal of the Territory at lafge, .. "... i " What Messrs. Fairchild, Knudsen, Kice, Sheldon, Coney and Huddy have done for Kauai, Kuhio at Washington has done for the Territory. The Kauaians have made good and deserve another term and as many more after that as they continue to make good. Kuhio, at Washington, has made good -d journeys iast six 1 00 II through months. advancement, some proper authoritative action must be taken to regulate wastes and reouire the owners of lands and industrial enterprises to control the use j of water to file point of its beneficial ; application. Such legislation would not 1 i mi- t tut rinuiTiOi 1 tn riro.-nnf 111 1111 I , tX ,.,lii,l,VJ..,A, IL' - Vli or future operations, but would, when ouv people realize the tremendous and inest linabie value of our underground water supply, materially aid in the fu ture devtlopment ami prosperity of our country. The data so far secured and yet to be secured will be submitted to the geological experts of the United States Geological Survey for final and more complete determination. In this ex amination the wells were numbered ac--eording to their geographic position, starting at Diamond Head with No. 1 and then noith through Honolulu, Pearl Harbor, Waialua and thence along the windward coast, with the date of sink ing of each well, so far as jt is pos sible to be obtained. It is expected that complete geological and hydro giaphical information will be placed be fore the Executive prior to the session of the next legislature. Geological Investigations. ociological conditions, arriv- ifeamer Empress ot ( hm.'i Slid China was on the verge and the next few months I would show whether there would be a great rising, perhaps with much blood shed, or a peaceful revolution Professor Kos says there is a strong movement for reform, and the younger element seeld"g the change is waiting to see what the Prince Regent will do. The reformers consider the attitude of Peking more or less a sham to impress the powers, and there is tt disposition to look upon the Manchu oflieials as obstacles iu the way of the eagerly sought reforms. It is probable tftit Yuan Shin Kai will return to Peking, and this would be the means of pre venting a rising if the reformers are satisfied that in his hands China would go forward. for ail Hawaii and deserves another term and still more if be keeps up his I good record. Kuhio. without a vote and without being able to trade or dicker in the Louse, reeehed more favors for Hawaii and more justice for his people "WEAK" BANKS MUST GO. WASHINGTON", September 15. Dur ing the next few weeks the few na tional banks in the United States rated as "weak" will have th'ir last chance to strengthen themselves or get out of business. The examiners have been in structed to carry their ultimatum to every board of directors that needs it. The statement of the condition of ev ery national bank in the country at tiie close of business October 1 will be the last chance for any national bank to show its capital impaired, any reduction of its reserve under the limit and bad paper in its vaults or any coneealed liabilities. The powers which the national bank law confers Ion the comptroller of the currency are 'an'llcls the t..i i. - . ... . " . , i - n,i. I mi. 1 - i .. . t . . .earl llnrln.r an'! waiamn i ne raiu-i j ne utparmeimm nas aiso prepared fall is heavier in the Koolau range j geological idles' siRnvkig the material than th" wivanac and i mainly caused encountered in boring various artesian bv the northwest trades sweeping wells. The material is. placed in tpbes across the Pacific, gathering moisture, : on a scale of 1-100. . The advantage of then imp:nging against the eastern side tiiis graphic representation is that it of the Koolau range and forced into shows exactly the depth of the water the cooler atmosphere of the mountains, ( bearing strata, and the depth at which resulting in heavy precipitation. This j artesian water is first struck. ' Con ni on n tain ratine is extremely nigged jtrary to general belief, data so far ob and step and extremely sensitive tnjnined indicate that the artesian sup run -off, with the consequent result that j ply is not held in great caverns or open- only a small proportion of the entire j ings under pressure, but that it is held hi porous rocK which might in structure be likened to a sponge. From the in formation at hand ir is possible to pre pare a longitudinal section of the stra tification of the varfons artesian belts. The individual and the corporation have been found "ever ready and will ing to extend everv courtesv within n aiding these investiga- r.-iiiif.-ill is absorbed and reaches the nrtesint belts. The draft on the arte sion systems or basins is only replen ished by a small proportion of the en tire rainfall. Investigations are bein made in an attempt to determine total precipitation, run-off and absorption. The Artesian System. The first artesian well was bored in hAr rwer ir-r. fro 1 1. lllOtlS. liif. X ne success 01 iue uo,;iiihi ivtn i . , 1 had its immediate effect on the agri- I te: On August P, 1910, the water cultural possibilities of the island and at -9.2 feet in one we in Ho from that date to this. 430 artesian :loln'u- Al,st ? ' 'nn,,h ?vf 1 wells have been bored; some are dead. Honolulu, it stood at 20.42. This ,s . many of which were flowing wells; ; " record yet noted and ls al- while others are delivering from a mini- ! "J a 't b-wer than in August, mum of lO.nno gallons per dav to a ' f1" "b'ss there be unusual rain maximum of 3.000.000 gallons, the maxi- . "-,,t''1ns l?? August. H10, . T . . " .. , .and November 1010 tlio hon-V,t tl, mum rate being taKen trom tne resun , -' 7, ' "i , . , of measurements of . the last two wells I "at r will probably tall to 29 feet, bored for the Territory at Beretania i avenue and Alapai street. The artesian .DYNAMITE USED level in Honolulu was, as shown by 1 AGAINST THE LAW WATERTOWW, September 2S. The i absolufo, AcCovdillgiy ii tl tiie principle that it i i.t... t.. f ;.h. 1- iVw, -...-i-,. than anv other one of the three hundred and ninetv-one other representatives, ,y ,, , U ' , ' ' ' 1 ' 1 ott the depositors and save some ot He got everything he was asked to work for, he got more than his constituents jthe investment of the shareholders expected, Ins bills with few exceptions were enacted into law and he matte I Comptroller Murray will use all the au friends for the Territory among those people whose "friendship i worth while. If merit is to be recognized, if business judgment is to influence the voters, he will be returned fn November with a greater majority than at any time in his political career. thority of his ofliee to compel sound banking in the strong institution; and force the weak ones to strengthen or retire. the first wells bored, at 42 feet above sea level. This is the Honolulu section; in other basins the water stood at 3" ni,l 3.1 feet Where there has -bet n a i fall, it is about 12 feet. Up to 19. need of a game or fish warden for this 100 wells had been bored on Oahu. The j section of the island, and particularly artesian level at one time in that sea- ( f.jr tne pearl Harbor district was son in Honolulu regained the level of demonstrated today boat filled with 42 feet. This was due to extraordinary : Hawaiian fishermen went out to fish precipitation followed by a drouth. Be- during tho iorenwii but tbeir metW3s tween that date and June, 1910, ,30 were Served from shore for instead additional we.ls were bored. The 1 of usi hooks aml H or .!?L01J ? ?t more de'struc- f " ,"u" V I tive method, namely dvnamite. iney used RtS'eral charges and each oiast tiVot.ght scores of large mullet to the surface, where they were easily secured and dropped into the boat. The law on the subject needs en forcement here, and could easily be en forced as the violation of the law is as op'en as the day. The use of dyna mite to catch fish is of fteouent oe- The other members tit' the board of supervisors are going to take steps to learn why Ay left ha-n 't been in attendance at their meetings since the T.e publican convention. Those who attended meetings when Aylett did go wonder why the rest of the board are worrying. An empty chair is not so diverting as Aylett, but it is a whole lot more businesslike. political idvocate senate, if it is true that he is going to move for a legislative certain who cut the Cordian knot, it is time lor the voters os. The whole country is waiting anxiously to hear Jack Kalakiela's views and especially to be enlightened upon what measures he will when he is in tin itr.-estigati.-in to a to bestir themsel ACCUSE BOY OF THEFT. L. Kamali, thirteen or fourteen years old. was arrested last night by Acting Chief Kelleft and held for investiga tion while several alleged thieveries are looked into. The theft o'f a coat has already been fastened on him, and he is supposed to have been responsible fdr the theft of some money from a board i ng house. -H- MRS. SIMPSON DIES. for the vear of 30 feet ' Artesian Supply Failing, It is evident from the investigations that the draft on the artesian supply is gradually reducing its height above sea Fevel. Appended hereto will be found a complete tabulation of the wells so far investigated with the elevatiou of the tn of casing and the elevation to which the water rises above sea-level, i currenct careful investigation has revealed in Zt:Al ! REPUBLICAN CLUB only once has the artesian level risen close to its original height, this being in lsS9-p,0. 21 years ago, and at that time there being only 100 wells in exist ence. The results of the investigation have, to my mind, shown that there is a limit of draft upon the artesian sup plies mid if- the present wanton and i i FORMED AT PUULOA WATERTOWN, September 2S. - A Kepublican club was organized here Jit a mass meeting held last night. I Several orators ripped the welkin and Mrs Fl'en Eannv Siinnsoii. ar old -" . resident of Honolulu, died yesterday YVhv does Link McCandless begrudge the Punchbowl Portuguese a chance j after a lingering illness, her affliction . .. ii.. i t ii. imnts hw have tvoT.-e.i tor r msti t ne ami '' t enough of his .,w n lying idle without trying to shut out others from buying little piece ? TRYING TO LAND GUNS FOR KOREANS VICTORIA,' September 17. Two Chl nese vessels engaged 'in running guns w re cu pi r. red off Korea at the end of August, one being taken to Chemulpo laden with field guns, muskets and atn-nnnrtio-i intended for insurgents. 7!;,, re is much dissatisfaction in Japan over the maintenance of the status quo iu the custom' tariff of Korea for ten years. The Seiyukni, Japan le.i ding p-.'stieal part v. will at tack the government on this ground at the next session of the diet. The Ha cii; says that the retention of the cus toms arrangement was taken reluc ; .i ' v bv Japan on account of pres sure by England t.nd -America, especial ly the iatter. Following the receipt of a telegram from V'seount Terauehi. resident gen eral in Korea, asking young Fr'.nee Ito (to annotihi-e the annexation to the 1 spirit ot his father, a delegation of j prominent members of the Seiyukai I party visited the tomb "to make a re port ot th" sueeeswui aunt xation or Korea. ' F ' -gies of Prince Tto and bis work in I'"- -a were read to the s; ri. Mis. Simpson leaves a husband. T. A. Simpson, tw.i daughters and sons. NOTLEY AHEAD FOR ONCE. Charle K. Not ley. w ho has the courage to run for delegate to congress on the Home Rule ticket, is the first of the three candidates to file his nom ination papers. He performed this sad duty yesterday, appearing at the ofliee of Secretary Mot; -Smith and present ing his credentials as boldly as if he actually hoped to win. Notley is said to stronger ;n,s vear than ever. OFFICIAL KILLED. SAN FRANCISCO, September 23. Jam-s L. Fisher, the city architect of San Francisco, was killed in an automo bile n.-ri lent hist night. reckless waste continues, the level ot "i.tue tne eagle scream. Much en the. various basins will gradually re- j thusiasm was manifested and after the duce until the salt content will increase ( oratory had come to an end the follow- 10 such a degree mar ir wm oe ut-ui- ,'"s unm-ia were eiecteu: 1 resident mental not alone to the agricultural interests of the Island, but also to do mestic supply That there is sufficient water for all of the present agricul tural, industrial and domestic uses, and for an enlargement and increase of such uses, is true, but it is also the fact that the pertnanencv of the supply is absolutely dependent upon the bonefb ' eiai use or ins, nr yie.iierM xmitiini i, . , ---"j IU nf the Islands of the Territory. c.urel h7 a of Chamber Rainfall and Artesian Level. It has been shown that there is a fi,., relation between rainfall and artesian level. After heavy rainfall there generally follows a rise which is designated as the seasonal increase varying from 14 to Is inches. Not withstanding this seasonal rise, there is an additional fall of from .4 to .6 .. -, ti-ir.t- osriecinlH- in the Honolulu TRANSPORT SEE VICE, 1 A s'ndv of losses in irrigation ditches i Jin ford at San Francisco was ma.te in ivapaa, isiami "i iv.iu.ii. ing James II. Jiovd: Secretary. Smii.hI a White. ' ' The club will at once interest itself in the work of enlarging the club and expects to be a factor in polling a large majority vote for Kuhio in November SURE CURE FOR DIARRHOEA. An ordinarv attack of diarrhoea mar ibpF. Iain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy. Only in the more severe cases is a second or third dose required. Try it. It has a reputation of over thirt.v- jfive years behind it and is everywhere recognized as tne most reliable remedy in use for diarrhoea. For sale by all dealers. Benson, Smith & Co. agents for Hawaii. 4 "Helga's Bones" See window for latest photos of all that is left of the "Helga." Taken this week, with a 3A Folding Pocket Kodak, Eastman Kodak Company. Hollister Drug Co. A finely executed Crest or Monogram on your cor-, respondence paper lends an air of individuality to your letters, die embossed stationery makes letter writing. a pleasure. Let us submit '-you samples of dies with your Monogram or Crest, to gether with prices of our fine correspondence paper and envelopes. All stationery orders re ceive prompt and careful attention at our hands. ilion (to LIMITED. . LEADING JEWELESa. Rent Lease Sale Business Property, Home Sites Agricultural Lands, Etc. Call up the Real Estate Department (Phone 35) Hawaiian Trust Go,, Ltd. 923 Fort Street THE ONWARD SLIDING FURNITURE SHOE These ditches were constructed in sous similar to those on Oahu. and in a locality where the geological formation was older, such ditches being by reason of -w.-h forma ion les usceptn.le to Dix at Manila. Logan left Hon for Manila, Sept. Sheridan, from Nagasaki for Sept. 22. Sherman, at San Francisco. Thoin.n at San Francisco, 3v Hon., il Onward Sliding Furniture Shoe (M estor to the wheel castor) will not jure floor, carpet, linoleum or rug, nor trrinkle the rug on a polished ni,'i TRY IT AJND BE CONVINCE3' COYNE FURNITURE CO.. LTD.