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THE SUNDAY ADVERTISES, OCTOBER 16, 1910.
12 INTERESTING LETTER TURNS UP IN ARCHIVE DOCUMENTS a v Plan of American Officer Sixty-Two Years Ago! ''I for Fortification of the Pear! Harbor Lochs. V! I ' : rTStSmNK itrifsSIL it ."2 4 4 'It si Hi i ; V At i i 4,t Jf -rirt i 4i '. 1 Even a long ago a sixr when Honolulu was prLncij railing place for whaling occasionally ships-of -war Ameneari rlag putting, in to tin- American rt-I'f assistance a thus. .--t.'U lallv ea ! a mere s. wixh he 'r-t-Et atl'. ti viu :ce whether neeae-l anv ar rio ut of a the above nit armed of the ought to be wv of the caliber o Jl.i. shot, the w fo:i'.iariM"!i w: his kiild.' well- mi-jht H. Marlei lecr:jit xi armed a? h i tuny i a:x:;u : lt.i i!:cii i-h.-lU a I mi.- cost of v hie ToiVt 1 , . . . getber with e:irbin-s ex.- i mait.ta.ii.ng tiwir ngtits, carr;at:. Wou!d not of the transplanted -New . ,( is r,,;i;,h t,t- Kiiiflandt'r-. Th Harbor imi'ressed who was here in the frigate ' 'on-t it a! ion. time when her waters had a 'onstituti..n won gi.t 1M2 as one of the sh'os that was ever enemy and. apparently which ti.e officials of the eminent had with the of England and France G. I. Judd. then ministt of l'earl! at iJ,1l'u,l'u,,c "t V .have no doubt contract, a young navai oli.cerj , , -, sideration the anxiety have for selling their g;i Th: and famous was at a l if . i presence in Hawaiian aluturv effect, for thej ry in t lie war o j greatest fighting! sent against an , the troubles Hawaiian gov renrpsentat i ves ' iiiir.elied Hon. r of foreign t a k ( man ns a 1 ma.le ; into con- j ufa cti.rt.-r--; broad and i provided I had ing contracts "Tiiese are ; tary ideas of Could I see v f.i anv auttio f that kind, in abstract of my ' the fortifications 1 1 u again ! could n ua j- ! more siblv c af fairs, to discuss with at least one o,n- ,e v,.-, ',,rititntion the Question of early tell you than I can rite at present. TJ. S. Army Engineers. i' - Avhi.-h ;r-e. in se a:e. Id fort or building new " if t he ot her n I talked with you. I can. of this letter, sav mt lung. Th .i ii r - ..n ,-iri.t tiw t a. - ti -t i iw tr I ii . 11 on.' i i I i . : rpair;ng tne oi'i iui i w'--"-o i i - i - . to t.e trusteil on oaiier with an ine uu- : Tiie Constitution left here for Mazat- certainty of this letter reacinng it j lan and home and while lying in the destination. I am most anxious t.. see; Mexican anchorage Lieut. I. V. Curtis, you again betore we take our final de-j i'nited States Navy, penned a letter to ; pari are from th.'s.- seas for home, and: Mr. Judd in which 'be embodied various j hope that some fortunate accident will plans for the defense of Honolulu, and j intervene so that 1 may be again at particularly dwelt upon fortifying , Honolulu. Jf I do not and should you l'earl Harbor, which appealed to him j determine to write to our government as a splendid location for a naval base . on the matters in question 1 hope yon and fortifications. Lieutenant Curtis will ask them to send me out should ot altosether a dreamer. lie you think favorably of tiie proposition practical oiiicer and saw great was possibilities in l'earl Harbor. He fore-' if you will propose to our gov saw an admirable naval station site, to send on regular engineer i ,.,.,.,.rt,,n;t;.a for amassiBff wealth i trom that corps, an tn hv rpuson of the town that tne fortify- be going on at once, tould cause to spring of clearing out tne reel, notn at iiono lulu and at J earl Kiver with a littn reason o ing at that time w up' around the reservation. Two years hence, sixty-six years after the voung officer had his vision, Pearl Harbor naval station will bo a tangible certainty, for within the res-j ervation lines the most modern navy vard under the American flag will be declared in readiness for the purposes to which it is being constructed. Lieutenant Curtis' letter came to light a few weeks ago in the Archives building while Archivist Lydecker was going over old state papers. It has survived the ravages of time better than most old documents, as it was penned on tough, blue paper. This is what he wrote, in his cabin on the old Constitution three score years ago: Proposes Mattel Tower. " U. S. Ship Constitution. "Mar-atlan. Feb. 21, 140. "Sir: I take the liberty to address you as I may perhaps be engaged with you in some employment of the govern ment. As I had no opportunity at Ho nolulu to make any suggestions in rela tion to the building or repairing any fortifications. To defend the town if seriously attacked by a competent force with the present or perhaps any forti fications, is, I think, entirely out of the puestion. but that something of that kind is indispensably necessary, I think is equally plain. "I suppose the cheapest and under every consideration the best descrip tion." that of Martel Towers, will most unquestionably be the best for any pur pose that may ever be wanted. If the amount of the cost has any considera tion, then this description of fortifica tions has still greater advantages; they will cost less than half the amount of a regular fort, and will answer every purpose than can be possibly hopel for in any other. They are the same de scription of fortifications as those that the English fortified their coast with during the time of the danger of the French invasion and they were found to answer admirably every purpose for which they were designed. These, when constructed in the solid and efficient manner of which they are susceptible, will be bf the most formidable char acter, constructed as they ought to be. bomb-proof and armed with guns of thafheavy caliber that will throw shot or shells as may be chosen. "Two of these towers placed in a good position would prevent the passage from being forced by all the ships that could be brought against them. The actual eost of the heavy guns would be a large amount, hut nothing when the utility is taken into consideration. "The idea of the political economist that the only consideration is of present economy, is. 1 think, radically wrong, particularly in fortifications. If they are built at all they ought to be made in such a manner and armed in such a manner as will last for ages. These are serious considerations that I should wish to impress upon your attention. Advises Organizing Cavalry. "Why could not, or why would it not be a good idea to raise a regiment of cavalry, for instance, carbiniers; almost the only expense would be the horses and arms, the first of these are I believe, very cheap among the Islands. The carbines are very cheap and be yond comparison, the most efficient arms either for infantrv or cavalry that I have ever seen for lightness, sim pheity and quickness; in loading thei excel anything yet invented. The cos or them will In. for ,tu nil com,! delivered at the 1-lands. ex I have made. If von will allow me. or government. oiiicer- works might together with that freight, 7t H H t. ry can easilv artiilery and force as rova! eompiel .dusi ve Th be drii will hi guards regiment of cava! iiea as intantrv or a very e lli c lent r police, or anv other military exercise, f,ir which thei may be wanted. If that great desidera 4 II ,-. "" "i an mihiary maxims is taken into cori-ideratioti. that of concent rat nig the greate-t phvsieal f.,r,-e in th. .... it-M niiiiiiii r ,.t men. then it is that wj great, aavatitage or this kind of troops excel, armed as thev rire either for infantry or artillery V.r cavalrv. acting either on foot or on horseback; it will give them an almost incalculable image in any military operation All Expenses About 820,000. i ri, .. j. . i. i t uc cos, or i no carbine trilling, the advantage of them i. ... , " common musKet so rreai is so jver that it more expense, and the saving of time would twice, thrice or five times save the extra expense and I may safely say, fifty times the expen.-e. Pearl Harbor the Key. "Allow- me to call your attention to the vast importance ot the harbor at Pearl Kiver, the perfect secur'ty of the harbor, the excellence of its water, the j perfect ease with which it can be made j one of the finest places in the Islands, all combine to make it a great consid- ; oration. The immense profits that J might arise from it. whiie the harbor, was clearing out, fortifications could j te built, troops could lie drilled, the forts might be gairisoned, government or private storehouses built and all the trade drawn there with perfect ea-e. "Thesf are a few considerations that I hope you will give your undivided attention. The amount of money neces sary to le expended will be but a feather in comparison with 1fe almost incalculable amount 'if wealth that will open upon the completion of these ob jects. Of what importance would the consideration of an expenditure of one or two hundred thousand dollars be. in comparison with the immense results? None at all. Prophecy Coming True. "I should think if the immediate necessity of the investment is consid ered, then even will appear the almost incalculable profits to those who may own real estate in the immediate vicin ity of the new town that must be built. "These are only a few notes that have suggested themselves to me. They will perhaps serve to call your atten tion to the immense results that may ari-e out of the effects of the govern ment. "I remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant. (Signed) "I. YV. CT'KTIS. "Hon. (i. P. Judd, Honolulu." Quarrel With Americans. In reply Hon. O. 1'. Judd wrote to Lieutenant Curtis on March 16, 1S-10. dating his letter at the "Home- Office, Honolulu, Oahu," as follows: "I received your favor by the Cyane, dated li 1 st Feb'y, and- am sincerely thankful for the information therein. "Owing to the short stay of the Cyane, it is impossible for me to write in detail a reply to your letter, but as soon as we have settled old business witl. the new commissioner, who is hourly expected, and with the French and English if we are likely to exist as a nation we shall then turn our attention to the improvements you pro pose. At present the U. 8. representa tives are too much disposed to quarrel with us to enable mo to form an idea of what may be our relations hereafter. Contest imminent With England. "Allow me to apprise you that in the short visit you made at this place you made a most favorable impression upon the officers of government, with whom you formed an acquaintance, and I hope you will be able to visit us again be fore your final return home. This, I think, is probable, as the contest with England will naturally firing the V. S. ships of war more or less to this port. "I have the honor to lie your oledi ient servant, (Signed) "C. P. Jl'DI). "Lieut. T. W. Curtis, V, S, S, Consti tution." v ' A GENEROUS GIFT. "Vim may say what you like against young ministers, but I have nothing bui voung paster," tin- 'Ut se for our pons Mr. P.rown r.-marln d out of the church, praise! ' ' So I observed." dryly re on who had pa-sed the I. as he Nothing plate. THE CANNY SCOT. I'-ad that Clasgow perm i recent speij that thc-v are area bv Ut-s. C;i; if f,i rant?'''' ' Igimrant noi hing! ('I'a. are wise in being afraid of the dark.- were dark igno- gfiw people, each othe Titbils. Movi NEW VERSION. in r picture shows remind us As they flash their scenes of crime. Thai ve'd hate to leave behind us In.; rints on the films of time.. Denver Keiublioan. 111 t N5-r" ftlttoJU tJfi'mUk thZkU aS 1 -s I i You're Paying for a Motor Car you don't But there You may think want a motor car. isn t any question about your needing one. There is a difference between wanting a thing and needing it. If you need a car you are pay ing for it. Paying in the time you lose that a car would save you. In the opportunities that get away. In the fresh air and recreation a car would give, but which now you do not get. Whatever we really need we pay for, whether we actually own it or not. You might get along without an overcoat this winter, but you would pay for one just the same. You would pay with discomfort and colds. If you use telephones, tele graph, wireless, express trains, electric lights, trolley cars, add ing machines, dictaphones, n capers, typewriters and lai.i saving machinery, then you need an automobile. For the automobile has been developed to keep pace with the age that utilizes these other things the age of speed the age of efficiency. The motor How Every Member of the Family Benefits by the Possession of a Motor Car. Head of the Family: Going to and from business in fresh air. Mak ing business calls. Entertaining customers and business associ ates. Tours in the country. More knowledge of the country. Mental and physical exercise of driving. Good appetite better digestion better humor better health. Prestige. Wife and Daughter : Social calls. Entertaining. Plenty of fresh air to drive away "nerves." More time with husband and father. Sons: Educative value of under standing and caring for a wonder ful piece of machinery. Training of mental and physical faculties in diiing. Clean, fresh air, recreation and decent entertain ment in company of other mem bers of family. car didn't create its demand after it arrived. The demand was waiting. It had been wait ing for forty centuries. The greatest obstacle to prog ress is distance. Civilization consists of doing away with the space that lies between man and man, city and city, country and country, between products of all kinds and the people who use them. When the steamship, the railroad and trolley came to take care of the problem of community or public transpor tation, the world took a long step ahead. When the automobile came to take care of the problem of individual transportation, the world took another long step ahead. If you haven't realized it, then, the world has stepped past you. The man with a motor gets down to his business in the morning quickly, cleanly and with gladness. He arrives at his office with the sparkle of the sunshine and fresh air in his blood and brain. He is able to take up his busi ness problems with clearer vision and greater energy than the man who has been worried and doped by the rush and jam and the bad air of a crowded train or street car. The man in a motor car can cover 50 to zoo miles in a day just on business errands in the city, keeping appointments that it would take many days to make under the old system. At noon time he can use his car to entertain his business associates with a five or ten mile ride to a pleasant luncheon place. He can send it out in the afternoon to entertain guests while he goes ahead with his business. Or, if he wants to take himself or a visitor to a train, he allows just a . .v min utes leeway and the motor car ries him to the depot swiftly and surely. After the day's work, he arrives home again ; arrives with weariness and worry air sprayed from his brain; with a keen appetite and good humor for dinner. In the evening he may use his car for a turn around the parks and boulevard or a spin into the country with family and friends. The man with' a motor car lives a fuller life than if he didn't have one. He has more experi ences more sensations. He does more things. He has a wider circle of interest and in fluence. He lives twice as long in the same length of time as the man who hasn't a car. Long life is not a question of years so much as it is of experiences and accomplishments. Yet motor cars will be factors in increas ing the average span of man's years because they promote health through outdoor life. This Part U ao Good it Doesn't Need to be Pat in Large Type. There are many good cars made nowadays, and any good car is a good investment. Yet we honestly believe that Chalmers Cars offer the best value for the money of any on the market. Compare them with others. Comparison has sold more Chalmers Cars than all our adver tising. If you can possibly afford a motor car, don't put it off any longer but go and buy one. We hope it will be a Chalmers ; but whether it is or not, don't deprive yourself and your family any longer of the pleas ure that by right is yours and theirs. There is nothing that you could invest the money in that will pay you such a big dividend in the sav ing of your time in business and the saving of your health for years, as the purchase of a motor car. A good thing is a better thing the sooner you get it. Make your family happy tonight by telling them you have made up your mind to get that motor car you have been talk ing so much about, namely, a Chalmers. ST i rrsaasaemtsexisammummaimmmmmmsmsmnsaBvemmm Detroit, Mich., U. S. A. Licensed under Selden Patents) ASSOCIATED GARACE, LIMITED ' inn I V r MOTEL MANX SAN FBANCISCO. San Francisco's newest hotel containing 300 rooms, each with circu lating ice water and each connecting with bath. Half a block from Union Square and convenient to ail the principal shops, theaters, rail road ticket offices and points of interest. Meals table d' hote or a la carte. Rates: Without bath, $1.50 per day and up. "With bath: $2.00 per day and up. Under the management of GUS C. LARM. Honolulu Representative: WILLIAM DOUTHITT, Room 30S,-Mc-Candless Building. Arrived, by S, S. Wilhelmina, hand embroidered and machine made SHIRT WAISTS, in lin gerie and tailored. Also Novel ties. MRS. F. S. ZEAVE Room 67, Young Bldg. rhe Star Dyeing and Cleaning Shopl Everything in BooRs" Brown & Lyon Co., Ltd ALL. MANNER OF Electrical Work Leave Orders With Us. UNION ELECTRIC CO. Harrison Building. 221 Eeretanla Street, near Alakea. Telephone 11S2. MAKAI SIDE OF STREET o connection with the place across th street- Ales. Young Building. THE EAGLE TELEPHONE 2575. CLEANING. DYEING and PEESSINO WOK FORT AND KUKTJI STREETS. William O. Sm Trust Department ISTATES MAN AO ED. COLLECTED, LOANS A VESTMENTS MAD Fire Insurance - -rriTT IVEV ARTlTtfTS FOE ENU-UIOH-"- TJNDEEWBITEB Real Estate rnt? Ki T.E.' . . -r -r-r-r -r,TTTT-JTTT I I AND KAIMTJKL 53-57 King Street more, assistant; ' Major John Willis, J t n L t K 5 WUHLU 5 NtWi UAILI ft 14-1 j