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THfi PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISE", HONOLULU, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1910.
i J i H f si r,4 is Ml m Mi 21M 4. THE Pacific Commercial Advertiser A MORNING PAPER. RODERICK O. MATHESON " - EDITOR FRIDAY SUGAR. 96 Dtegve Test Centrifugals, 3.80c. Per Ton, $76.00. 88 Analysis Beets, 8s. llVid- Per Ton, $77.47. XJ. S. WEATHER BUREAU, December 29. Temperature, Max. 76; Min. 67. FILIPINO IMMIGRATION. That the members of the planters' association are now thoroughly awake to the situation created through the importation of some twenty-five hundred Filipinos, presumed to be laborers, is a gratifying jiroof of the general belief that the association has been victimized instead of being a party to the approach of conditions inimical to the well being of everyone here, planters included. It has been suggested that the last batch of Filipinos landed are sub stitutes for those selected and billed, men and women put on board the steamer after an examination, of the ones originally selected had been made. This is about the best explanation that can be made of the presence in Honolulu of such a group of undesirables, but it is a vicious slam at the Manila agents of the planters' labor bureau. Agents who can have wholesale substitution carried on right under their noses are certainly expensive employes. That prompt steps are being taken to put a stop to such importations, the Governor, the members of the labor committee of the planters, the ter ritorial health officers and the federal health officers working together, shows that the gravity of the matter is generally recognized, in regard to this last shipment especially. As it is now, the whole question of Filipino immigration is on trial. The last importation is worse than the former ones, but all have been, to a more or less extent, bad. The diphtheria epidemic and the smallpox epidemic on Maui have been traced back to recent Filipino arrivals. Those epidemics cost the taxpayers of the Territory and are still costing large sums. The epidemic of diphtheria cost, also, the lives of several people. At Tlonokaa, within the past week, pdague has appeared among the Fili pinos. Amoebic dysentery, hookworm and syphilis are rife among all the Filipinos. The presence here of the three thousand already landed and scattered throughout the Territory places the general health of the community in danger. These are not new facts, but have been officially brought to the attention of the authorities here and in Washington. They will Vie reviewed in the official report Commissioner-General Keefe will make to the secretary of the treasury; they have been included in reports made by the chief of the local federal quarantine service to the surgeon-general of the bureau of health; they have been reported to the Governor and the attorney-general of the Territory. The planters have spent large sums labor recruiting business; it would be a to drop the whole business where it is and the health of this community against the the more important? "GET TOGETHER." Within a short time, comparatively, Honolulu will be asked to endorse the candidacy of two announced applicants for the position of collector of the port. One of the candidates is the incumbent, E. E. Stackable, who has filled the position creditably, so far as The Advertiser is aware, and who will be a candidate for reappointment. The other candidate in the field is D. L. Conkling, at present territorial treasurer, who has been in the employment of the Territory for some years and who has gained promotion to his present responsible position through his efficiency as a public servant. j Both candidates are eligible; either would serve as collector of customs acceptably. As a general rule, all things being equal, The Advertiser believes that an official who has been tried and proven should be retained in office, but the main question in. this pending appointment is the opportunity it affords Hono lulans to get together on something. Both candidates are believed to be already at work enlisting support and eaeh will undoubtedly ask for the endorsement of the commercial organizations of the city. When the question comes up, eaeh will have advocates, but one is bound to have more than the other. When it comes to a vote, let the minority, whoever the members of it may be backing, bow to the will of the majority and have the endorsement go to Washington as the unanimous en dorsement of the business men of the community. After one has been endorsed, let that endorsement stick. Otherwise, the, way is left open again for the appointment of an outsider. The news from Portugal that a movement in favor of the deposed King Manuel is on foot among army and navy men is not unexpected. The army and navy made the revolution a success and the officers and men looked for their reward. The new government, formed of idealists, found nothing in the treasury to pay out and could not even increase the pay of the military and men of the navy, while the haul that was looked for from the confiscation of church property proved to amount to very little. Xow the army and navy want the king back. If they have to serve on small pay they prefer to present arms to a king rather than to a president. Supervisor-elect Dwight says that he sees no reason why he should "pull out" in the matter of the chairmanship of the road committee, his claim to which is disputed by Supervisor-elect Low. He fails to explain, however, why he felt justified in "pulling in" for the position, after he and the others had agreed that it should be filled by Low. The explanation as to why the change was made, and at a time when Low was out of the city, has yet to be given. This paper, in common with the other daily papers of Honolulu, can not hold itself responsible for the inaccuracies that appear inthe list of names published as I nter-Island passengers. Should any of our readers care to know why, they are invited to drop into the Inter-Island offices and take a look at the original booking". The courteous clerks in that office can do almost every thirjg well, except write legibly. Even if the original invitation made to the ladies of Honolulu to take a fly with the aviators can not be carried out, the invitation made by The Advertiser to the inmates of the city orphanages to go out and watch the bird men has already sent many up to the seventh heaven of anticipation and delight. Sheriff Jarrett has made the first nonpolitical. In this he should receive and of the general public as well. Who "substituted" mechanics Atkinson was in Harbin? and ARMY WANTS KING MANUEL B4CK AGAIN PARIS. December 29. Advices re- I ceived here from Lisbon state that a deeply-laid plot to restore the young Portuguese king, Manuel, to the throne from which he was latelv driven, has been discovered in Lisbon by the lead ers of the Republican government. Rumors of disaffection in the .irmy and navy have been current in Lisbon ever since Manuel was deposed and driven into English exile. The iniiitarv is naturally disposed to favor a mon archy, inasmuch as it makes assured the future of the army and navy, while the socialistic tendency of the republic leaders is against large standing army and navy forces. The government, state the Lisbon advices, floubts the lovaltv of the arinv and navv. DECEMBER 30 -Last 21 Hours' Rainfall, .02. Weather, unsettled. of money in working up their Filipino ; hardship upon the association to have recall the agents. But, in measuring dollars invested, which must be found move toward making the police force the strong support of the supervisors professional men for laborers when RESIGN OR GET OUT OF FORCE (Continued from Page One.) Chief McDuffie ffeels that his record while in office will pull him through, and when asked last night if he had forwarded his application for reappoint ment to succeed himself, he simply re i marked: "Nothing doing; if they : want someone else, let them go to it." As Sheriff Jarrett is perfectly satis fied with the big chief, and has also thrown down the gantlet to the Juen outfit, there is no doubt of wh it the ' outcome of the battle will be. ' The rank and file of in-1 police f iree ' are, with a few exceptions, all for ,Tar rett. and when the members of the i different committees are weeded out and new men put into their pliecs. all will I be harmonious till the police force is i put on a civil service basis. Ill OIIITTE FHOHTHE LIST Codification of Federal Lawj Makes No Provision for Federal Court. Is Hawaii entitled to a United States district court and two federal judges! That question, or at least the sub stance of it. forms part of a query which Federal Judge Sanford R. Dole has just addressed to the department of justice at Washington, owing to a pe culiar omission in a recent statement before congress of Hawaii in the list of federal districts and judges. Either Hawaii is entitled to only one federal judge or to none at all. and pos sibly is not entitled to a district, there by eliminating the entire federal court, if a strict interpretation of the revised codification of the statues is observed and if Eepresenative Moon's motion to carry house resolution 23377 prevails. On Te(-ember 7 Mr. Moon of Penn sylvania addressed the house on this matter, stating that he was directed by the committee on the revision' of the laws to call up for consideraion the bill to codify, revise and amend the laws relating to the judiciary. At his re quest the clerk of the house read the resolution. During the discussion it was stated that it was a bill which proposed to raise no one's salary, but did reduce the salaries of some incumbents. No new offices are created and some are eliminated. This is what the clerk read : Sec. l. In each of the districts de- j scribed in chapter five there shall be a court, called a district court, for which ; there shall be appointed one judge, to j t.i Attlln.l Q ilistrti Scitrro. o--nar tlinf . in the northern district of California, the northern district of Illinois, the dis trict of Maryland, the district of Min nesota, the district of Nebraska, the district of New Jersey, the eastern dis trict of New York, the northern and southern districts of Ohio, the district of Oregon, the eastern and western dis tricts of Pennsylvania and the western district of Washington there shall be additional judge in each, and in the southern district of New York three additional judges; provided, that when ever a vacancy shall occur in the office of the district judge for the district of Maryland, senior in commission, such vacancy shall not be filled, and there after there shall be but one judge in said district; provided further, that the judge for the eastern district of South Carolina shall be the judge for the west ern district thereof, the judge for the eastern district of Tennessee shall be the judsre for the middle district there of, and the judge for the northern dis trict of Mississippi shall be the judge for the southern district thereof. Each district judge shall reside in the district for which he is appointed, and for of fending against this provivsion shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor." At no time is Hawaii mentioned in the debate, and neither does Hawaii appear in any part of the revised eodi1 fication of the laws. The federal officials are not losing any Teal gray matter over the matter, feeling that somewhere in the tight places of the departments at Washing ton will be found the authority for making Hawaii a federal court district for not onlv one judge, but two. - The districts as described in chapter! nve or the revised codification sets foith all the States, but does not men tion Hawaii or Alaska. In the tabu lated list Hawaii is not mentioned, ami in the detailed statement of what dis- tricts shall be constituted in each State, naming the counties and boundaries, the details take in Alabama and run through the entire list, ending with Wyoming. But not a word about Ha waii. Therefore Judge Dole's query to Washington as to the status of the "district of Hawaii." APPROPRIATION ASKED FOR NEW WHARVES Owing to the growing commerce of the port of Honolulu it is considered necessary by Superintendent of Public Works Campbell to have another wharf similar to Alakea street built. The probable cost of this and several other matters round about the waterfront which badly need attending to, will run into about .f.jOO.OOo, and it is planned to ask the new legislature to grant the appropriation of this aine;,r,t. The trouble about the Alakea wharf rs that although it is large enough to accommodate two vessels of the Mou- olia type, trouble commences when it comes to a matter of unloading. Abo.it )O0 tons of freight is the capacity of the wharf's storage room, so that when the second vessel starts in to take out stuff there is some sort of a muddle. Other places are also going to ask for appropriations to fix up new wharves with. The legislature is to be asked for .tSOO.OOO to construct the proposed new wharf at Hilo. and a sum of $."O.0(H for a wharf at Kahului. Subject to the beginning of the con struction work by the Kona and Kan Railroad another sum of .st),000 is to a recent conference held by the Kona Kan and West Hawaiian railroads they agreed to an equitable division of the rights of the propose wharf. JARRETT DOES NOT FAVOR ANY CHANGE "1 have no intention of making a cleiin sweep in niv office department.' stated Sheriff Jarrett yesterday morn ing. This will be welcome news to the seventy-three men now under his direction as some of them thought that there misjiit be something doing mightv soon. Jarrett as yet had no talk with tli' members of the new board and si does not exactly Isnow how matters stand. He pointed out that there might 'e a few minor changes in the forci but that as far a the clerks and court official were concerned he could not see any need to make changes in the taff. lie has hopes that the new board will r-onu across with sufficient to en able him to put more men on the streets and especially more mounted patrol men. . , FREAR MAY CABLE ABOUT THE FILIPINOS (Continued from Page One.) Inspector Brown stated some days ago that the other fifty per cent, would iior be allowed to land, the rules re garling desirables being violated iu their cases. Tenney Does Not Approve. 'There is something rotten in Den mark in Manila,'" said E. D. Tenney, president of the Hawaiian Sugar Plant ers' Association vesterdav when ques tioned as to any knowledge the plant trs" association had regarding the mis fit shipment of Filipinos now under going quarantine. i do not understand how these peo ple came here," addod Mr. Tenney, "as 1 have understood that our agents in the Philippines are acting in con junction with the officials of the Marine Hospital and Public lLalth Service, and that all Filipinos leaving the Phil ippines for Honolulu would-be given a careful medical examination. "The only way I can work this out is that there have been substitutions. I have been given to understand that the people are not so badly diseased and undesirable Jjs reports have led us to believe, but, of course, there are some who may be objectionable. "Don't believe for a minute that the planters' association want to im port undesirable people here for labor ers. That's expensive. Its cold dol lars and cents with us, and we want the best we can get. "If people are unfit' or undesirable the expense falls upon us and already we have sent a number of Filipinos back to Manila. We don't want to oring oigectionaoie people to iiawan. i reason soon. Mr. Tenney, in his statement, cer tainly showed that he did not approve of the importing into the Islands of people who mignt become a public charge,. He is as interested in bring- j ing people free from disease, or those; likely to spread it. as any one else. 1 11a shrm-pt in liis interview thuf liA ) did not approve of the bringing of dis- eased, maimed and unfit workers here, i Serious Question, Says Governor. "This matter presents a very serious question," sard Governor Frear in an interview covering the results of his visit among the quarantined Filipinos. "The planters undertook sometime ago to have all the Filipinos coming here, examined by officials of the Marine Hospital Service, before they left for Hawaii. Apparently, the work has not been very effective. Either they have not examined them, or others have been substituted for those examined, for we are certainly getting in a large number of diseased people, who would neces sarily fail to pass an examination if there had been one. "Of course, there are a variety of diseases among them, and some of the people are too young, and some are very old. One is prettv nearly blind, four or five are imbeciles and a good many have trachoma and a number of other diseases. Some have tuberculosis. "That can not be allowed to go on, if it can possibly be prevented. I am sure the planters. do not want it. as it would be expensive and it would not help their reputation. 1 know that the planters all take a deep interest in the welfare of the Islands, too much so to want to run any such risks, because the labor question is an exceedingly 'difficult one to the planters, who are Teally up against it for goo'd laborers. It is a difficult thing to get sufficient field laborers, but notwithstanding all this difficulty I am sure the planters do not want to import diseased oer- son The epidemic on Maui. I am told. has been traced to Filipinos amexig re- eent arrivals. Of course, the Public health is a consideraf ion of first im-1 portance and very great precautions must lie taken to keep out the variety of diseases. There is danger of dis eases being introduced from both the Orient and Mexico and Central Amer ica. "Secretary Mott-Smith is taking up these matters at Washington with the surgeon-general of the Marine Hospital Service to get as complete cooperation as possible between the federal and ter ritorial officials. The federal officials have always cooperated with us just as far as they could. "It remains to be seen what can be done to keep out these people. Tliev I are diseased, many ot them, and are undesirable. The government regula tions provide for keeping out diseased plants as menaces to the plant life of the Islands. Diseased animals are thoroughly examined before being shipped at all. "Attorney-General Lindsay is look ing into these questions now. Unless the planters could find some way to effectually safeguard the public health in this matter we must find some way by legislation, either by congress or by the legislature. "It seems to me the planters ought i to ,,e !)',U1 nn'l some effectual meth od, although that is a verv difficult subject to handle. SUPREME COURT ON LANDLORD AND TENANT A decision was rendered by the su preme court yesterday in the case, sub mitted on agreed facts, of Mary A. Richards against Carl Ontai and others. It was a dispute over a lease by plain tiff to defendants, made Januapv 21. 1O0T nf )i Kauluwela lodgings for year. I ... K. Memenwav was attorney for the plaintiff and J. A. Magoon for detendants. The following syllabus of opinion shows the points derided: "Under a lease the lessor agreed to pay 'the taxes levied' on and the lessees 'all other charges' of the de mised premises. Held, that sewer rates are payable by the lessees. "Judgment in an action of assumpsit for instalments of rent under a lease bars an action for the amouct of sewer rates which ai-rrued during the same period and which the lessees by the same instrument obligated themselves absolutely to pay. The right of action in such a case is single and indivisible. "An agreement by lessees to 'sup ply' to the lessor 'free of charge all water required for buildings and grounds expressly reserved under this lease.' construed, under the circum stances of the case, require the lessees to pump water sufficient for the build ings in the same manner that it was being furnished at the date of the exe cution of the lease. 'The lessees' rights under a letter quotf-d in the opinion held to be non assignable. ' ' CONSUL REFUSES TO ANSWER THEM (Continued from Page One.) Chinese in the Territory of Hawaii, owing to the fact that the consul is reported as having declared otfieially to the Peking government that ninety per cent of the Chinese people here are revolutionaries and enemies of the pea cock throne. i Fear the Mailed Fist. j The relations Wtween the consul and the Chinese people are daily becoming more and more strained, as each sue feeding mail from China brings back re ports of additional charges which the j consul lias made against the people here, ; until they have come to regard him, ' not as their consul, acting for them ' with their home government, but as one j spying upon them and reporting only as ; to whether or not thev have revolution- j arv tendencies. Xot that the classifica- j tion of them as revolutionaries hurts the local oeoide. but their relatives in China are selected for vengeance, for j when the official hand of China falls ; upon their hapless relations it is with i the mailed fist, and death may be the j result of an official visitation. Drew on Imagination. At the meeting Wednesday night a copy of a report alleged to have been sent to China bv Consul Liang was read It came back from China and has been j printed in one of the local Chinese newspapers. In this report Consul Liang is alleged to have become a nar-' rator of stories not based on facts, but j on imagination. The reoort, as read. stated that the consul had prevented j an attempt on the life of Prince Hsun when that dignitarv passed through here a few monhs ago. The consul stated, so the report went on, that, due to the vvigilance of one of the guard? he had emploved, a Chinaman named Lum Wun had been caught in an at tempt to get near the person of the prince, and that upon Lum Wun bad been found an iron bar and a revolver, or some weapon of attack. Lum Wun had been disarmed and the attempt on ihf ril'inr-A'c lifo ii!rLT.Ql The local Chinese laugh at the storv nd state there is absolutely no truth j in it. and that the consul is detailing sucn a story to cam tavor w th the officials. American Citizenship Menaced. j The society also discussed another! phase of the consul's report. That re-j lated to the consul's alleged recom-i jnendation that Chinese who are Anieri-j .can citizens be denied the usual rights; of subjects of the Emperor of China, i .should they go there from Hawaii, un- less they have been properly certifi-j eared by the local consul as all right,! which designation means that they are! not revolutionists. This has aroused the ire of the progressive Chinese of' the city, adding more converts to the cause against the consul. McBride Took Pen in Hand. The consul replied within the twentv- four hours. The consul did not write,! but had his attorney, Claudius McBride, ' draft the letter. Claudius wrote in1 English and used the prescribed legal! phraseology to make himself clear. He! did not attempt to write in Chinese, j although the consul was a little af raid j that if the committee which wrote I .him, received a reply from a consul ' written in English, it might be con- .sidered an insult, according to Chinese j standards of etiquette. However, he I was willing to take a chance on the English letter, which was drafted and mailed yesterday afternoon. The letter follows: Consul Absolutely Refuses. "Honolulu, December 29, 1910. '"The United Chinese Society, Hono- lulu. I " Gentlemen : Referring to a com- m jnication this day received bv Hon. ! Liang Kwo Ying, Chinese Consul for Hawaii, signed by Mr. Yee Larn Fon or Mr. Yee Chin, in which certain in-1 formation is requested from the consul! and in which he is given twenty-four hours within which to reply, I have to state as follows: That it will be un necessary for the committee to wait twenty-four hours for answer to the let ter in question, for the reason that no answer will be forthcoming for the fol lowing, among other, reasons: "First. Mr. Liang Kwo Ying. in his position as Chinese Consul and as an individual, will absolutely refuse to an swer any communication under a vague threat with a time limit set on his an swer. "Second. Mr. Liang Kwo Ying re fuses to answer any communication touching upon his duties as consul or otherwise unless the same is addressed to him by somebody in authority. "Third. Mr. Liang Kwo Ying ab solutely refuses to answer the letter in question for the reason that he is not permitted, by reason of the official position he holds, to divulge official re-i ports or communications of h;s con sulate without proper authority so to do. "Fourth. Mr. Liang Kwo Yincr re- ffnses to answer the letter in ouestion because it has no bearing on official matters of the Chinese consulate. Must Go Over His Head. "In reference to a purported article published in some paper iu China, I have the following to say: Without affirming or denying the matters therein purported to be set forth, 1 have to say that Mr. Ying will absolutely re fuse at all times to divulge official communications of his consulate unless instructed so to do by somebody hav ing authority so to instruct him. If your society desires any information anoiit the otticial acts of the present consul, it is your privilege to procure rue same from some one having author ity to disclose it. Mr. Ying, I feel sure, will take pleas ore in answering anv coinmuinMtomK addressed to him as consul concerning official business and which are unaccom panied by any threats or time limits. Very respectfully, "C. H. McBRIDE. "Attorney for Mr. Liang Kwo Ying." More Damage Suits. A new suu i0r damages will be filed today on behalf of the consul against one of the principal members of the mese committees opposing the eon- sui m xno present controversy. It will be for about 10O.0n0. and 'will prob ably specify that the consul felt him self damaged because of the big cir culars which were, issued prior to the last mass meeting and posted upon the walls of Chinatown. In addition it is said that other suits are m contemplation, all of the con- GOLD and SILVER Gillette Razors Silver ones at $5.00. Goid ones at $5.50. Lather Brushes, Shaving Mugs, . Shaving Soap, Sticks and Soap Powder, Bay Rum, Toilet Water and all of the other accessories for a smooth shave. Points in Watch Buying Two supreme, important points in watch-buying are to get a good one and the place you buy it. Watches like human be ings sometimes go wrong but if bought at the right place you can always de pend on the guarantee be ing fulfilled to the letter. Our care in the selection of grades and makes as sures your purchase being right the best your money can buy. Our watch department is our special pride. LEADING JEWELERS FOR RENT BOSTON AND JUDD BUILDINGS Rent includes lights, elevator and janitor service. Large, comfort- ame ana centrally locaiea. REAL ESTATE DEPARTMENT If, II 923 Fort Street Yictor Becords for NOVEMBER Bergstrom Music Co., Limited. LOCOMOBILE "The Best Built Car in America" SCHUMAN CARRIAGE CO, LTP; sul 's suits aggregating in the neigh borhood of .4JlHl.IM.lO. All of which d..es iK.t tend to make the cons-il more popular. Even som of his former best friends have desert ed his cause and are now lined up w the progressive Chinese of the CO inunity. IllSlKMl Ullillll Limited Vr MI ! II blaf Stt' 86 r V HI 1 ':?