THfi PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISE", HONOLULU, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1910.
i J i
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
A MORNING PAPER.
RODERICK O. MATHESON " - EDITOR
SUGAR. 96 Dtegve Test Centrifugals, 3.80c. Per Ton, $76.00.
88 Analysis Beets, 8s. llVid- Per Ton, $77.47.
S. WEATHER BUREAU, December 29.
Temperature, Max. 76; Min. 67.
That the members of the planters' association are now thoroughly awake
to the situation created through the importation of some twenty-five hundred
Filipinos, presumed to be laborers, is a gratifying jiroof of the general belief
that the association has been victimized instead of being a party to the
approach of conditions inimical to the well being of everyone here, planters
It has been suggested that the last batch of Filipinos landed are sub
stitutes for those selected and billed, men and women put on board the steamer
after an examination, of the ones originally selected had been made. This is
about the best explanation that can be made of the presence in Honolulu of
such a group of undesirables, but it is a vicious slam at the Manila agents of
the planters' labor bureau. Agents who can have wholesale substitution carried
on right under their noses are certainly expensive employes.
That prompt steps are being taken to put a stop to such importations,
the Governor, the members of the labor committee of the planters, the ter
ritorial health officers and the federal health officers working together, shows
that the gravity of the matter is generally recognized, in regard to this last
As it is now, the whole question of Filipino immigration is on trial. The
last importation is worse than the former ones, but all have been, to a more
or less extent, bad.
The diphtheria epidemic and the smallpox epidemic on Maui have been
traced back to recent Filipino arrivals. Those epidemics cost the taxpayers
of the Territory and are still costing large sums. The epidemic of diphtheria
cost, also, the lives of several people.
At Tlonokaa, within the past week, pdague has appeared among the Fili
pinos. Amoebic dysentery, hookworm and syphilis are rife among all the
The presence here of the three thousand already landed and scattered
throughout the Territory places the general health of the community in danger.
These are not new facts, but have been officially brought to the attention
of the authorities here and in Washington. They will Vie reviewed in the
official report Commissioner-General Keefe will make to the secretary of the
treasury; they have been included in reports made by the chief of the local
federal quarantine service to the surgeon-general of the bureau of health; they
have been reported to the Governor and the attorney-general of the Territory.
The planters have spent large sums
labor recruiting business; it would be a
to drop the whole business where it is and
the health of this community against the
the more important?
Within a short time, comparatively, Honolulu will be asked to endorse the
candidacy of two announced applicants for the position of collector of the
port. One of the candidates is the incumbent, E. E. Stackable, who has filled
the position creditably, so far as The Advertiser is aware, and who will be a
candidate for reappointment.
The other candidate in the field is D. L. Conkling, at present territorial
treasurer, who has been in the employment of the Territory for some years
and who has gained promotion to his present responsible position through his
efficiency as a public servant. j
Both candidates are eligible; either would serve as collector of customs
As a general rule, all things being equal, The Advertiser believes that an
official who has been tried and proven should be retained in office, but the
main question in. this pending appointment is the opportunity it affords Hono
lulans to get together on something.
Both candidates are believed to be already at work enlisting support and
eaeh will undoubtedly ask for the endorsement of the commercial organizations
of the city. When the question comes up, eaeh will have advocates, but one
is bound to have more than the other. When it comes to a vote, let the
minority, whoever the members of it may be backing, bow to the will of the
majority and have the endorsement go to Washington as the unanimous en
dorsement of the business men of the community.
After one has been endorsed, let that endorsement stick.
Otherwise, the, way is left open again for the appointment of an outsider.
The news from Portugal that a movement in favor of the deposed King
Manuel is on foot among army and navy men is not unexpected. The army and
navy made the revolution a success and the officers and men looked for their
reward. The new government, formed of idealists, found nothing in the
treasury to pay out and could not even increase the pay of the military and
men of the navy, while the haul that was looked for from the confiscation of
church property proved to amount to very little. Xow the army and navy want
the king back. If they have to serve on small pay they prefer to present arms
to a king rather than to a president.
Supervisor-elect Dwight says that he sees no reason why he should "pull
out" in the matter of the chairmanship of the road committee, his claim to
which is disputed by Supervisor-elect Low. He fails to explain, however, why
he felt justified in "pulling in" for the position, after he and the others had
agreed that it should be filled by Low. The explanation as to why the change
was made, and at a time when Low was out of the city, has yet to be given.
This paper, in common with the other daily papers of Honolulu, can not
hold itself responsible for the inaccuracies that appear inthe list of names
published as I nter-Island passengers. Should any of our readers care to know
why, they are invited to drop into the Inter-Island offices and take a look at
the original booking". The courteous clerks in that office can do almost every
thirjg well, except write legibly.
Even if the original invitation made to the ladies of Honolulu to take
a fly with the aviators can not be carried out, the invitation made by The
Advertiser to the inmates of the city orphanages to go out and watch the bird men
has already sent many up to the seventh heaven of anticipation and delight.
Sheriff Jarrett has made the first
nonpolitical. In this he should receive
and of the general public as well.
Who "substituted" mechanics
Atkinson was in Harbin?
ARMY WANTS KING
MANUEL B4CK AGAIN
PARIS. December 29. Advices re- I
ceived here from Lisbon state that a
deeply-laid plot to restore the young
Portuguese king, Manuel, to the throne
from which he was latelv driven, has
been discovered in Lisbon by the lead
ers of the Republican government.
Rumors of disaffection in the .irmy
and navy have been current in Lisbon
ever since Manuel was deposed and
driven into English exile. The iniiitarv
is naturally disposed to favor a mon
archy, inasmuch as it makes assured
the future of the army and navy, while
the socialistic tendency of the republic
leaders is against large standing army
and navy forces. The government,
state the Lisbon advices, floubts the
lovaltv of the arinv and navv.
-Last 21 Hours' Rainfall, .02.
of money in working up their Filipino ;
hardship upon the association to have
recall the agents. But, in measuring
dollars invested, which must be found
move toward making the police force
the strong support of the supervisors
professional men for laborers when
RESIGN OR GET
OUT OF FORCE
(Continued from Page One.)
Chief McDuffie ffeels that his record
while in office will pull him through,
and when asked last night if he had
forwarded his application for reappoint
ment to succeed himself, he simply re
i marked: "Nothing doing; if they
: want someone else, let them go to it."
As Sheriff Jarrett is perfectly satis
fied with the big chief, and has also
thrown down the gantlet to the Juen
outfit, there is no doubt of wh it the
' outcome of the battle will be.
' The rank and file of in-1 police f iree
' are, with a few exceptions, all for ,Tar
rett. and when the members of the
i different committees are weeded out and
new men put into their pliecs. all will
I be harmonious till the police force is
i put on a civil service basis.
Codification of Federal Lawj
Makes No Provision for
Is Hawaii entitled to a United States
district court and two federal judges!
That question, or at least the sub
stance of it. forms part of a query
which Federal Judge Sanford R. Dole
has just addressed to the department of
justice at Washington, owing to a pe
culiar omission in a recent statement
before congress of Hawaii in the list
of federal districts and judges.
Either Hawaii is entitled to only one
federal judge or to none at all. and pos
sibly is not entitled to a district, there
by eliminating the entire federal court,
if a strict interpretation of the revised
codification of the statues is observed
and if Eepresenative Moon's motion to
carry house resolution 23377 prevails.
On Te(-ember 7 Mr. Moon of Penn
sylvania addressed the house on this
matter, stating that he was directed by
the committee on the revision' of the
laws to call up for consideraion the bill
to codify, revise and amend the laws
relating to the judiciary. At his re
quest the clerk of the house read the
resolution. During the discussion it was
stated that it was a bill which proposed
to raise no one's salary, but did reduce
the salaries of some incumbents. No
new offices are created and some are
eliminated. This is what the clerk
Sec. l. In each of the districts de- j
scribed in chapter five there shall be a
court, called a district court, for which ;
there shall be appointed one judge, to j
t.i Attlln.l Q ilistrti Scitrro. o--nar tlinf .
in the northern district of California,
the northern district of Illinois, the dis
trict of Maryland, the district of Min
nesota, the district of Nebraska, the
district of New Jersey, the eastern dis
trict of New York, the northern and
southern districts of Ohio, the district
of Oregon, the eastern and western dis
tricts of Pennsylvania and the western
district of Washington there shall be
additional judge in each, and in the
southern district of New York three
additional judges; provided, that when
ever a vacancy shall occur in the office
of the district judge for the district of
Maryland, senior in commission, such
vacancy shall not be filled, and there
after there shall be but one judge in
said district; provided further, that the
judge for the eastern district of South
Carolina shall be the judge for the west
ern district thereof, the judge for the
eastern district of Tennessee shall be
the judsre for the middle district there
of, and the judge for the northern dis
trict of Mississippi shall be the judge
for the southern district thereof. Each
district judge shall reside in the district
for which he is appointed, and for of
fending against this provivsion shall be
deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor."
At no time is Hawaii mentioned in
the debate, and neither does Hawaii
appear in any part of the revised eodi1
fication of the laws.
The federal officials are not losing
any Teal gray matter over the matter,
feeling that somewhere in the tight
places of the departments at Washing
ton will be found the authority for
making Hawaii a federal court district
for not onlv one judge, but two. -
The districts as described in chapter!
nve or the revised codification sets
foith all the States, but does not men
tion Hawaii or Alaska. In the tabu
lated list Hawaii is not mentioned, ami
in the detailed statement of what dis-
tricts shall be constituted in each State,
naming the counties and boundaries, the
details take in Alabama and run
through the entire list, ending with
Wyoming. But not a word about Ha
waii. Therefore Judge Dole's query to
Washington as to the status of the
"district of Hawaii."
FOR NEW WHARVES
Owing to the growing commerce of
the port of Honolulu it is considered
necessary by Superintendent of Public
Works Campbell to have another wharf
similar to Alakea street built. The
probable cost of this and several other
matters round about the waterfront
which badly need attending to, will run
into about .f.jOO.OOo, and it is planned
to ask the new legislature to grant the
appropriation of this aine;,r,t.
The trouble about the Alakea wharf
rs that although it is large enough to
accommodate two vessels of the Mou-
olia type, trouble commences when it
comes to a matter of unloading. Abo.it
)O0 tons of freight is the capacity of
the wharf's storage room, so that when
the second vessel starts in to take out
stuff there is some sort of a muddle.
Other places are also going to ask
for appropriations to fix up new
wharves with. The legislature is to
be asked for .tSOO.OOO to construct the
proposed new wharf at Hilo. and a sum
of $."O.0(H for a wharf at Kahului.
Subject to the beginning of the con
struction work by the Kona and Kan
Railroad another sum of .st),000 is to
a recent conference held by the Kona
Kan and West Hawaiian railroads they
agreed to an equitable division of the
rights of the propose wharf.
JARRETT DOES NOT
FAVOR ANY CHANGE
"1 have no intention of making a
cleiin sweep in niv office department.'
stated Sheriff Jarrett yesterday morn
ing. This will be welcome news to
the seventy-three men now under his
direction as some of them thought that
there misjiit be something doing mightv
soon. Jarrett as yet had no talk with
tli' members of the new board and si
does not exactly Isnow how matters
stand. He pointed out that there might
'e a few minor changes in the forci
but that as far a the clerks and court
official were concerned he could not
see any need to make changes in the
taff. lie has hopes that the new board
will r-onu across with sufficient to en
able him to put more men on the streets
and especially more mounted patrol
men. . ,
FREAR MAY CABLE
ABOUT THE FILIPINOS
(Continued from Page One.)
Inspector Brown stated some days ago
that the other fifty per cent, would
iior be allowed to land, the rules re
garling desirables being violated iu
Tenney Does Not Approve.
'There is something rotten in Den
mark in Manila,'" said E. D. Tenney,
president of the Hawaiian Sugar Plant
ers' Association vesterdav when ques
tioned as to any knowledge the plant
trs" association had regarding the mis
fit shipment of Filipinos now under
i do not understand how these peo
ple came here," addod Mr. Tenney,
"as 1 have understood that our agents
in the Philippines are acting in con
junction with the officials of the Marine
Hospital and Public lLalth Service,
and that all Filipinos leaving the Phil
ippines for Honolulu would-be given
a careful medical examination.
"The only way I can work this out
is that there have been substitutions.
I have been given to understand that
the people are not so badly diseased
and undesirable Jjs reports have led us
to believe, but, of course, there are
some who may be objectionable.
"Don't believe for a minute that
the planters' association want to im
port undesirable people here for labor
ers. That's expensive. Its cold dol
lars and cents with us, and we want
the best we can get.
"If people are unfit' or undesirable
the expense falls upon us and already
we have sent a number of Filipinos
back to Manila. We don't want to
oring oigectionaoie people to iiawan. i
Mr. Tenney, in his statement, cer
tainly showed that he did not approve
of the importing into the Islands of
people who mignt become a public
charge,. He is as interested in bring- j
ing people free from disease, or those;
likely to spread it. as any one else. 1
11a shrm-pt in liis interview thuf liA )
did not approve of the bringing of dis-
eased, maimed and unfit workers here, i
Serious Question, Says Governor.
"This matter presents a very serious
question," sard Governor Frear in an
interview covering the results of his
visit among the quarantined Filipinos.
"The planters undertook sometime ago
to have all the Filipinos coming here,
examined by officials of the Marine
Hospital Service, before they left for
Hawaii. Apparently, the work has not
been very effective. Either they have
not examined them, or others have been
substituted for those examined, for we
are certainly getting in a large number
of diseased people, who would neces
sarily fail to pass an examination if
there had been one.
"Of course, there are a variety of
diseases among them, and some of the
people are too young, and some are very
old. One is prettv nearly blind, four
or five are imbeciles and a good many
have trachoma and a number of other
diseases. Some have tuberculosis.
"That can not be allowed to go on,
if it can possibly be prevented. I am
sure the planters. do not want it. as it
would be expensive and it would not
help their reputation. 1 know that the
planters all take a deep interest in the
welfare of the Islands, too much so to
want to run any such risks, because
the labor question is an exceedingly
'difficult one to the planters, who are
Teally up against it for goo'd laborers.
It is a difficult thing to get sufficient
field laborers, but notwithstanding all
this difficulty I am sure the planters
do not want to import diseased oer-
The epidemic on Maui. I am told.
has been traced to Filipinos amexig re-
eent arrivals. Of course, the Public
health is a
consideraf ion of first im-1
portance and very great precautions
must lie taken to keep out the variety
of diseases. There is danger of dis
eases being introduced from both the
Orient and Mexico and Central Amer
ica. "Secretary Mott-Smith is taking up
these matters at Washington with the
surgeon-general of the Marine Hospital
Service to get as complete cooperation
as possible between the federal and ter
ritorial officials. The federal officials
have always cooperated with us just as
far as they could.
"It remains to be seen what can be
done to keep out these people. Tliev
I are diseased, many ot them, and are
undesirable. The government regula
tions provide for keeping out diseased
plants as menaces to the plant life of
the Islands. Diseased animals are
thoroughly examined before being
shipped at all.
"Attorney-General Lindsay is look
ing into these questions now. Unless
the planters could find some way to
effectually safeguard the public health
in this matter we must find some way
by legislation, either by congress or
by the legislature.
"It seems to me the planters ought
i to ,,e !)',U1 nn'l some effectual meth
od, although that
is a verv difficult
subject to handle.
SUPREME COURT ON
LANDLORD AND TENANT
A decision was rendered by the su
preme court yesterday in the case, sub
mitted on agreed facts, of Mary A.
Richards against Carl Ontai and others.
It was a dispute over a lease by plain
tiff to defendants, made Januapv 21.
1O0T nf )i
Kauluwela lodgings for
year. I ... K. Memenwav was attorney
for the plaintiff and J. A. Magoon for
detendants. The following syllabus of
opinion shows the points derided:
"Under a lease the lessor agreed to
pay 'the taxes levied' on and the
lessees 'all other charges' of the de
mised premises. Held, that sewer rates
are payable by the lessees.
"Judgment in an action of assumpsit
for instalments of rent under a lease
bars an action for the amouct of sewer
rates which ai-rrued during the same
period and which the lessees by the
same instrument obligated themselves
absolutely to pay. The right of action
in such a case is single and indivisible.
"An agreement by lessees to 'sup
ply' to the lessor 'free of charge all
water required for buildings and
grounds expressly reserved under this
lease.' construed, under the circum
stances of the case, require the lessees
to pump water sufficient for the build
ings in the same manner that it was
being furnished at the date of the exe
cution of the lease.
'The lessees' rights under a letter
quotf-d in the opinion held to be non
assignable. ' '
TO ANSWER THEM
(Continued from Page One.)
Chinese in the Territory of Hawaii,
owing to the fact that the consul is
reported as having declared otfieially
to the Peking government that ninety
per cent of the Chinese people here are
revolutionaries and enemies of the pea
cock throne. i
Fear the Mailed Fist. j
The relations Wtween the consul and
the Chinese people are daily becoming
more and more strained, as each sue
feeding mail from China brings back re
ports of additional charges which the j
consul lias made against the people here, ;
until they have come to regard him, '
not as their consul, acting for them '
with their home government, but as one j
spying upon them and reporting only as ;
to whether or not thev have revolution- j
arv tendencies. Xot that the classifica- j
tion of them as revolutionaries hurts
the local oeoide. but their relatives in
China are selected for vengeance, for j
when the official hand of China falls ;
upon their hapless relations it is with i
the mailed fist, and death may be the
j result of an official visitation.
Drew on Imagination.
At the meeting Wednesday night a
copy of a report alleged to have been
sent to China bv Consul Liang was read
It came back from China and has been j
printed in one of the local Chinese
newspapers. In this report Consul
Liang is alleged to have become a nar-'
rator of stories not based on facts, but j
on imagination. The reoort, as read.
stated that the consul had prevented j
an attempt on the life of Prince Hsun
when that dignitarv passed through
here a few monhs ago. The consul
stated, so the report went on, that, due
to the vvigilance of one of the guard?
he had emploved, a Chinaman named
Lum Wun had been caught in an at
tempt to get near the person of the
prince, and that upon Lum Wun bad
been found an iron bar and a revolver,
or some weapon of attack. Lum Wun
had been disarmed and the attempt on
ihf ril'inr-A'c lifo ii!rLT.Ql
The local Chinese laugh at the storv
nd state there is absolutely no truth
j in it. and that the consul is detailing
sucn a story to cam tavor w th the
American Citizenship Menaced. j
The society also discussed another!
phase of the consul's report. That re-j
lated to the consul's alleged recom-i
jnendation that Chinese who are Anieri-j
.can citizens be denied the usual rights;
of subjects of the Emperor of China, i
.should they go there from Hawaii, un-
less they have been properly certifi-j
eared by the local consul as all right,!
which designation means that they are!
not revolutionists. This has aroused
the ire of the progressive Chinese of'
the city, adding more converts to the
cause against the consul.
McBride Took Pen in Hand.
The consul replied within the twentv-
four hours. The consul did not write,!
but had his attorney, Claudius McBride, '
draft the letter. Claudius wrote in1
English and used the prescribed legal!
phraseology to make himself clear. He!
did not attempt to write in Chinese, j
although the consul was a little af raid j
that if the committee which wrote I
.him, received a reply from a consul '
written in English, it might be con-
.sidered an insult, according to Chinese j
standards of etiquette. However, he I
was willing to take a chance on the
English letter, which was drafted and
mailed yesterday afternoon. The letter
Consul Absolutely Refuses.
"Honolulu, December 29, 1910.
'"The United Chinese Society, Hono-
I " Gentlemen : Referring to a com-
m jnication this day received bv Hon.
! Liang Kwo Ying, Chinese Consul for
Hawaii, signed by Mr. Yee Larn Fon
or Mr. Yee Chin, in which certain in-1
formation is requested from the consul!
and in which he is given twenty-four
hours within which to reply, I have to
state as follows: That it will be un
necessary for the committee to wait
twenty-four hours for answer to the let
ter in question, for the reason that no
answer will be forthcoming for the fol
lowing, among other, reasons:
"First. Mr. Liang Kwo Ying. in his
position as Chinese Consul and as an
individual, will absolutely refuse to an
swer any communication under a vague
threat with a time limit set on his an
swer. "Second. Mr. Liang Kwo Ying re
fuses to answer any communication
touching upon his duties as consul or
otherwise unless the same is addressed
to him by somebody in authority.
"Third. Mr. Liang Kwo Ying ab
solutely refuses to answer the letter in
question for the reason that he is not
permitted, by reason of the official
position he holds, to divulge official re-i
ports or communications of h;s con
sulate without proper authority so to
"Fourth. Mr. Liang Kwo Yincr re-
ffnses to answer the letter in ouestion
because it has no bearing on official
matters of the Chinese consulate.
Must Go Over His Head.
"In reference to a purported article
published in some paper iu China, I
have the following to say: Without
affirming or denying the matters therein
purported to be set forth, 1 have to
say that Mr. Ying will absolutely re
fuse at all times to divulge official
communications of his consulate unless
instructed so to do by somebody hav
ing authority so to instruct him. If
your society desires any information
anoiit the otticial acts of the present
consul, it is your privilege to procure
rue same from some one having author
ity to disclose it.
Mr. Ying, I feel sure, will take pleas
ore in answering anv coinmuinMtomK
addressed to him as consul concerning
official business and which are unaccom
panied by any threats or time limits.
"C. H. McBRIDE.
"Attorney for Mr. Liang Kwo Ying."
More Damage Suits.
A new suu i0r damages will be filed
today on behalf of the consul against
one of the principal members of the
mese committees opposing the eon-
sui m xno present controversy. It will
be for about 10O.0n0. and 'will prob
ably specify that the consul felt him
self damaged because of the big cir
culars which were, issued prior to the
last mass meeting and posted upon the
walls of Chinatown.
In addition it is said that other suits
are m contemplation, all of the con-
GOLD and SILVER
Silver ones at $5.00.
Goid ones at $5.50.
Shaving Mugs, .
Shaving Soap, Sticks
and Soap Powder,
Bay Rum, Toilet Water
and all of the other
accessories for a
Two supreme, important
points in watch-buying are
to get a good one and the
place you buy it.
Watches like human be
ings sometimes go wrong
but if bought at the right
place you can always de
pend on the guarantee be
ing fulfilled to the letter.
Our care in the selection
of grades and makes as
sures your purchase being
right the best your money
Our watch department is
our special pride.
Rent includes lights, elevator and
janitor service. Large, comfort-
ame ana centrally locaiea.
REAL ESTATE DEPARTMENT
923 Fort Street
Yictor Becords for
Bergstrom Music Co.,
"The Best Built Car in America"
SCHUMAN CARRIAGE CO, LTP;
sul 's suits aggregating in the neigh
borhood of .4JlHl.IM.lO.
All of which d..es iK.t tend to make
the cons-il more popular. Even som
of his former best friends have desert
ed his cause and are now lined up w
the progressive Chinese of the CO
xml | txt