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Vol. Y. HONOLULU, II. I., MONDAY, NOVEMBEe' 8, 1897. N". 734.
TIME TABLE: $
..The Fino Passongor Steamere of
Tats rort as Hereunder,
FROM SAN FRANCISCO:
AUSTKALIA NOV. ,0th
ALAMEDA ..NOV. 18th
AUSTIILIA.... ..DEC. 7th
MARIPOSA .......DEO. ICth
la connection with tho sailing of the above steamers, the Agents aro
preparod to issue, to inteuding passengers, coupon through tickets by any
railroad from San Erauoisoo, to all points in the United St'ateB, and from
Now York by any Hteamship line to all European ports.
For further particulars apply to
Wm. G. Irwin & Go!
General Agents' Oceanic S. S Company.
PACIFIC HARDttRE CO, . LTD.
NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED
Improved Planters Hoe
Solid Cast Steel Eyo aud Blade Forged Entire.
OYOLONE WIND MILLS, PUMPS, ETC.,
HOWE'S PLATFORM AND CODNTER SCALES,
NORTON'S IALL BEARING JACK SCREWS,
IN LARGE VARIETY,
'VISES, PIPE COTTERS AND WRENCHES,
v Tho Standard .of Merit,
Universal Stoves and Ranges,.
PAINT, WALL & WHITEWASH BRUSHES, CALIFORNIA LAWN
' A Largo Assuriinont oi Gentrail Hardware.
1 IIOUb lis liCliluu 0& UU11 L U
General . Merchandise
. Vgenta for Lloyds,
. Canadian-Australian Steamship Line,
1 British & Foreign Marine Insurance Co.,
Northern Assurance Co. (Fire and Life),
, - ,Canadian Pacific Railway Qo.,
Pioneer Lino of Paclcots from Livorpool.
H. E. McIHTYRE fc BRO.,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions' and Feed
New and Freah Goods rocolved by every paoket from California,, Eastern
States and European Markets.
Standard Grade of Canned Vegetables, Frnits anti Fish.
D Quods delivered to any part ol tbe Oily K
ISLAND TRAT1K ROMWTKn. RATIHWACITION (JrTAttANTBBT)
. : "U
This Line Will Arrive atidV Loavp
FOR SAN FRANCISCO:
M ARIP'OS A N6 V. Utb
AUSTRALIA NOV. 17th
MOANA DEO. 9th
AUSTRALIA DEO. 15th
P. O. Box 145.
port fc king Sts.
SAM'ti QOMPBIIS ON OONTHAOT
LABOR ANP ANNB'Xo.TION.
Workmo'n of tho Hnwolian 'Islands
JVould Bocomo 'Slaves TJndor tho
Law of tho United States;
In one of the stale phpers of Son-rotary
of State Bayard, replying to
a note to tho British Ministor, the
former said: "Tho oxistinR treaties
of the United States '.and Hawaii
create, as yon are aware, special and
important reciprocities, to whioh the
present uiatnnal prosperity of Hawaii
may be said to owe its existence
and, by one of its article?, the cession
of any part of the Hawaiian
territory to any other Government
without tho consent of the United
States is inhibited,"
Washington, Oct. 23. In a few
months from now, when Qougross
convenes, we shall hear more of the
Hawaiian question discussed than at
any time sjn.ee tho coup by which
the monarchy of the Sandvioh Islands
wa overthrown and tho republic
proclaimed. Our diplomatic
agents have tiMgo.tiated a treaty with
tho representatives of tho Hawaiian
Government for the annexation of
tan islauds to tho United States and
the. Senate will discuss the merits of
tho treaty. May wo not earnestly
hope that. Senatorial etiquette will
be thrown aside and in tho interest
'of a better understanding of this
entire question discuss it and vote
upon it in open session?
If I understand accurately the.
grounds urged in favor of annexation,
they may be briefly summed
up aB follows: The JSaudwioh Islands
are rich and fertile; we havo
large commercial interests in the
islands; thero aro more American.
citizens in business oil the islands
'than all other nations can claim.
and that tho Hawaiian Islands
would prove a good coaling station
for our war vessels., '
There can be no doubt but what
these are in themselves important
considerations and incentives for
favorable consideration of the question,
but stripped of pleasant phrases
and looked at beneath the surface
there is nothing in them of real advantage
to the people of our country
oither now or heroaftor.
The resources of the Hawaiian
Islands aro now owned and
by private individuals for private
development aud private gain. If
Hawaii were transferred to the
United States by annexation their
relations would nut be changed.
The large commercial interests
whioh our people have in the islands
whethe the islands Wore governed
by a black Queen or a white
President cannot change without
the consent of the over-powering influence
of the United States.
The ability of our people to supply
the wants of the Hawaiians is
indisputable, Wo hold our own in
commerce and industry in these islands
as against any country on tbe
face of tho globe. Recently it has
been estimated that wo possoss in
onergy, measured in foot tons, nearly
as much as Great Britain, Ger-
'many and Franco together.
In no country on the faoo of the
globe do the people possess anything
like tho productive power of
the workors in America. Hence' for
a safe market in tho Hawaiian Islands
for any surplus products which
wo may have none can euter into
successful competition with our
pe.ople. In so far as the preponderance
of influence on the islands is'
concerned, so long as wealth shall
hold sway in the councils of nations
and iuasrauah as tho overwhelming
number of wealth possessors on Hawaii
aro Amoricans, and, as we have
seep, there is scarcely a possibility
of thoir displacement, their rulo will
If wo admit that tho Unitod States
is to oritor into the mad strugglo of
the world for tbo acquisition of
territory, then tho claim for the annexation
of the Hawaiian Islnuds
for coaling stations for our war
vessels is justified, but upon no
other basis. But has not tho Limo
arrived when a halt should he railed
to this new spirit of jingoism which
is subtly being injected into the lifo
of our nation? Is thoro not grave
danger that we are departing from
the admonition of our best men, including
Washington, to avoid entangling
Already we hear often tho ory for
a larger navy, larger armed forces
for land and sea. We have now
thousands of miles of coasts to defend
and protoct. With the annexation
of Hawaii, romoved nigh upon
1500 milos from the nearest point of
our preBout territory, in order to
protoct and defend tho islands,
should they be annexed, it would
require doubling yes,, treblitig of
our naval forces, entailing vast, expenditures
and taxation, which must
bo boruo by tho poople.
A people properly armed for defense
is, under modern conditions,
a pro-requisite to civilized life, but
to acquire land so that (.bo necessity
may bo created for increased armament
is flying in tbe face of danger,
unless behind this scheme there is
lurking a hidden purpose to increavo
the armed land and naval, forces of
our country, in order to overawe
and filch liberty from our peoplo.
European powers urge vast standing
armies and increased naval power,
upon tho pretext f preparation
to resist invasion from foroign foos.
Who knows but.ourAmerican statesmen,
drifting far apart from the
true spirit of freedom aud patriotism,
are loarning the lesson of their
foreign prototypes aud may urgo
tho same reasons for ihe bidden
purpose of subjugating the masses'?
Of course, oue cannot ignore the
claims of some that it is possible
for a foreign power to acquire the
Sandwich Islands, should the United
Slates fail or refuse to annex
thorn; but, as a matter of fact, this
is entirely out of the question. Tho
only .maritime" power which could at
all dispute with us for supromaoy,.
both on the American continent
and Hawaii, is Great Britain, but it
was at the- instance of her piJblic
men that we promulgated tho famous
"Monroe Doctrine," aud it is
not even questioned by her to-day.
In ono of the state papers of
Secretary of State Bayard, replying
tto a note to the British Minister,
tho forrner said: "Tlie existing
treaties of tho United States and
Hawaii create, as you are aware,
and importaut reciprocities, to
which the present material prosperity
of Hawaii may be said to owe
its existence, and, by oue of its articles,
Jhc cession of any part of the Hawaiian
territory to any other Government
without the consent of the United
What nation to-day, or at any
othor timo, dare dispute the soundness
of this proposition or interfere
with its oxecuticn?
But apart from the political consideration
and moro. important than
all is the questiqn, "What effect
would annexation have upon the
largo masses of our poople? The
uative Hawaiians are. at best but
semi-civilized, with no conception
of privileges, much less the
rights, hopes aud aspiration of a republican
form of government. Her
laborers are docile aud menial, their
wants almost, primitive; nearly one-third
of the population are Japanese
cooly laborers, brought to that
country and working under conditions
wholly at variance with any
conception of Americau msnhood;
with an olemout of Chinese coolies
and others equally as low in tho
economic social aud civilizod scale.
Who can honestly assert that they
will become, under any form of government,
congenial or assimilative
to an enlightened homogeneity.
Within ,tho past year the Supreme
( OonUiiutd lit Jth pao.
Wilder's Steamship Co.;
0. L. WIGHT, 1'res 8. B. KOBE, Gee .
Oapt. J. 'A. KINO, TortSupt. ' ''
Will leave Honolulu at 10 a. m., tonchlni? i
Lohalna, Maalnea Ray and Makena the
Bamedny; Mahnkenn. Kawalbaeand Lan
pahophoo the following day; arriving at
Hllo the same afternoon.
L1UVB8 noNOtPLP. I ABB1VKS HONOLULU. '
Tuesday .....Nov 2 Friday. ,,.,...0ct 29
Frlduy Nov 12 Tuesday. .,..;Nov 0
Tuoiday Nov 23 Friday Nov 10
Friday Deo 3 Tuesday Nov 30
Tuesday ....Deo 14 Friday Deo IB
Thursday Deo 23 Tasday Deo 21
Friday Dec 3
Keturning will leave Hilo at 8 o'clock
a. m , touehinK at Laupahoehoe,
and Kawaihao same day: llakena,
Maalaea Bay and Lahalna the followlni!
day: arriving at Honolulu the afternoons
of Tuesdays and Fridays.
Will onll nf PnhmM D., .. i-i-
mnTto.1 . "' """' "" "Jr
lh Freight will be received after k
a. m. on day of sailing.
. The popular route to tho Volcano is via
Hilo A good carriage road ihe entire dl
tance. Hound trip tickets, corerlne all
Will leave Honolulu Taesdays at 6 r. if.
touching at Kahulul. HanijHanioa and
Kipahulu, Maul. Keturning .arrives- at
Honolulu Sunday mornings.
Will call at Nnu, Kaupo, once' oacb
KW No Freight will be received after i
p. k. on day of sailing.
This Company will reserves the right
make changes in the tlmoof departure and
arrival of its Btenmers. without notice and
It will not be responsible for any const,
quences arising therefrom.
Cduslgnees must bent tho Landings to
receive their freight; this. Company will
not hold itself responsible for freight-after
It has been landed. t '
Live Stock received only at owner's Wsk.
This Company will not be responsible tot
Money or Valuables of passengers -unless
placed In the care of Fursoro,
W Passengers are requested to purchase
Tickets before embarking. Those
failing to do so will be subject to an addl
tlonnlcharge of twenty-five per cent.
OLAUS SPBEQKELS. WM. Q. 1BWIN.
Glaus Sp reck els ib Co..
HONOMJllU - . '. '
B'in Franeiico Agents. THE NEVADA
BANK OF SAN FJIANOJBCO,
UHAW BXCUAHQK ON
SAN Nevada Bank of
LONDON-The .Union Bank of London
N.EW Exchange Na
National d'Escdmpte ds
BEHLIN Drosdner Bank.
HONG KONG AND YOKOHAMA Hong
Kong &, Shanghai BunklnuOorporatlon.
NEW ZEALAND AND
Bank of New Zealand.
VI01OUIA AND VANCOTjVElt Bank
of British North Amorlca.
Transact a General Banking and Exchange
Deposits ltecelved. Loans made on Approved
beonrity. Commercial and Travelers
Credit Issued, BIIIb of Kxoiiung
Collection Promptly Accounted F6l
'jjAiiatitttAiilAjW. - jUXj&MA vACantte.ii Jji.jiat. h .'UlSiLajLi. , , .- . I- .i.
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