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AUSTIN'S HAWAIIAN WEEKLY. Philippine Government. The President evidently believes that Aguinaldo means to surrender and caused the Secretary of State to telegraph President Schurman of the Philippines Commission the nature of the proposed govern ment. It is to be more civil than mili tary, and somewhat similar, al though a little more liberal, even, than that now in operation in Porto Rico. The head of the government will be a Governor, whose func tions will be civil, although he may be a military man. There will be an advisory coun cil composed of natives of the Philippines, whose business it will be to confer with the Governor on official matters and suggest changes in the manner of exercis ing authority. The local govern ments will be entirely in the hands of natives, subject to certain super vision by American authorities. The plan proposed amounts practi cally to an autonomous system, and it is believed here that it will be acceptable to the natives. It will continue only until Congress decides what shall be the character of the permanent government of the islands. It would almost seem as through the Americans were a little too san guine of peace when almost simul taneously Aguinaldo cabled the Filipino Junta in London as follows : "The Filipino government, in accordance with the general feeling of the country, has decided to con tinue the war at all costs until in dependence is secured. The Fili pinos energetically refuse tne Americans' peace overtures, based on restrictive autonomy coupled with promise of a subsequent self government. "The Filipinos demand a strict fulfillment of the articles of the American Constitution and treaties contracted by the American repre sentatives when imploring a Fili pino alliance in combatting the Spaniards. "All the Filipino Generals sup port Aguinaldo. General Luna's reported overtures for peace are untrue. Our army is near Manila, simultaneously attacking the whole American line. The heat and rains are causing many casualties in the American Army. All the hospitals are crowded with sick and wounded. Four hundred of the Cincinnati Regiment have been im prisoned by General Otis for in subordination in refusing to fight. The regular troops quartered in Manila and other towns are quiet. The volunteers are abused and al ways at the front with scanty ra tions. The discontent between the Americans and Europeans is general." Process of Americanizing. It is dawning upon the Cubans that American methods are very different from the Spanish. La Patria one of the best edited and most influential papers in Ha vana says editorially: "If any shadow of doubt could remain as to the absolutely imper ative necessity of the expulsion of the old Spanish regime in order that Cuba may have true liberty and progress it must vanish when one analyzes the series of phenom ena developed before our sight day by day. We are eliminating traditional impediments and get ting rid of the apparently impass able obstacles which four centuries of evil training in political admini tration had thrown in our path." La Patria goes on to contrast the American method with that of the "obstinate Spanish," in dealing with even the simplest reforms. On this point it says: "Formerly there was agitation among the people: oceans of ink and tons of paper were used ; floods of oratory were poured out, and then everything ended at Madrid in the froth of Spanish promises. On the other hand, in these days of fruitful though silent work," we learn of the most radical reforms when they are published in the Official Gazette without hcin pre ceded by a magnificent conglome ration of oratory and colored fire. An order of six lines, with a very short preamble, will represent some bold and beneficent measure. I might say that for us, a thin sheet of paper separates the mediaeval world from the nineteenth century and oftentimes the writing is not indispensable to enable us to pass from darkness to light." As an illustration of its argu ment, La Patria cites the separa tion of church and state and draws a picture of "the wild parliament ary scenes" that would have oc cured if such a subject had been agitated in the eighteenth century. "Yet this has been accomplished," it says, "by the Americans, and through this a thousand enormities have been effaced." English Opinion. An Exception. Coroner "Was the victim con scious when you reached him?" Pat "Yis, sor; he worr. But be chune us, I don't belave he knew ut." Philadelphia North American. After the reports of lynching and actually roasting negroes alive in the south it is refreshing to find that there are notable exceptions. The associated press says: Frank W. McCarthy, one of the most pro minent negroes in Southwest Geor gia died at his home May 9. His funeral was held here on the loth, and was attended by an immense throng of both whites and blacks. For the first time in the history of Albany, a town of 8000 inhabit ants, every store and office was closed in honor of a negro, no business being transacted while the funeral was in progress. McCarthy never dabbled in politics, but was probably the most influential negro in the country. His death is de plored by white and colored people. Lord Salisbury's measured neg lect of national prejudices con tinues to occupy public attention. Things are not going well in China, and anxiety is felt as to the failure of the recent attempt to come to an understanding with Russia. Anx iety is also caused by American difficulties in the Philippines, and the reported statement of General Lawton that 100,000 men would be required to conquer and hold the islands has induced certain scribes to predict the abandonment of 1 American possessions in the Far ' East. Jingo England would be very, very sorry if Uncle Sam abandoned his imperial projects. Those acquainted with the Amer can character are aware how little foundation there is for the rumor. That temporary checks are irrita ting when fighting in a vile climate with a race "half devil and half child" is fully intelligible; but after the object-lesson of our costly scuttle from the Transvaal and the Sudan, it is incredible that the United States will dream of relin quishing the burden of her respon sibilities in the Far East, whatever may be the destiny provided for the Filipinos when law and order arc established. London correspondent in Harpers' Weekly. Spheres of Influence. The correspondence between England and Russia has been made public and is interesting as show ing the agreement as to the spheres of influence of the powers in China. In clause 1 Great Britain en gages not to seek either for herself or in behalf of others railway con cessions north of the Great Wall, and not to obstruct Russian appli cations for concessions in that region. In clause 2 Russia makes a simi lar agreement toward Great Britain relative to the basin of the Yang-tse. Clause 3 says that the contract from the parties, having in no wise in view to infringe in any way the sovereign rights of China or exist ing treaties, will not fail to commu nicate to the Chinese Government the present arrangement, which, by averting all cause of complica tions between them, is of a nature to maintain peace in the Far East and serve the interests of China herself. A second note, forming an addendum to the first, commences: "In order to complete the notes ex changed respecting the partition of spheres for concessions for railways in China," and then proceeds to record an agreement regarding the New Chwang Railway, protecting rights acquired under the loan con tract and providing that the rail way must remain a Chinese line, suhiect to the Central Government, and cannot be mortgaged or alienated to a non-Chinese company. Notes The Eastern peoples are gen erally sharply distinguished from Europeans by the "quiescence." The Chinaman, for example, can write all day, work all day, stand in one position all day, weave, beat gold, carry ivory, do infinitely te dious jobs for ever and ever, and discover no more weariness and irritation than if he were a machine. This quality appears in early life. There are no restless, naughty boys in China. They are all appealingly good, and will plod away in school without recesses or recreation of any kind. The Chinaman can do without exercise. Sport or play seems to him so much waste labor. He can sleep anywhere, and in any position amid rattling machinery, deafening uproar, squealing child ren, and quarrelling adults. France is passing through a re newal of excitement attending the Dreyfus case. The Figaro, an in fluential daily newspaper, has made some startling revelations which, if true, prove conclusively that the conviction of the famous prisoner was the grossest parody on justice in the annals of the French nation. The conviction of Dreyfus was based on a secret dossier, the docu ments comprising which neither the accused nor his counsel were permitted to see. Men high in civil and military life declared the pris oner to be guilty, and he was ac cordingly condemned. The Figaro, by some means, lias obtained copies of these secret documents, which have been so zealously guarded, and has made them public. Further revelations are to follow. The outcome is problema tical, for although much of the evi dence of the dossier, it is believed, can be proven to be false, revision would mean the indictment of men of such prominence, that even the scandal attending the Panama re velations would be outdone. TO-NIGHT I TO-NIGHT! Ml OPERA HOUSE Engagement of the Emiueut Actor, William McVay! Ami His Associate Players, THE BKIGHT AND WITTY COMEDY "I HIE AW A perfect production in every detail. Special Scenery and Elegant New Cos tumes made especially for the piny. Reserved seats for both perform ances now on sale fit Wall, Nichols Co.'b.