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Austin's Hawaiian weekly. (Honolulu [Hawaii) 1899-190?, June 17, 1899, Image 7

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047152/1899-06-17/ed-1/seq-7/

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pelled the attention of the local legislature and
capitalists and was enabled to accomplish the re
sults referred to. Since then he has been at the
head of nearly all the important enterprises floated
in the Hawaiian market. Marking as he does the
fourth industrial period in Hawaii he may be
said to be the principal factor in the extraordinary
increase of wealth in recent years that has made
these islands so famous.
In architectural beauty Honolulu is fast be
coming equal to that of the most modern cities.
In fact, it may be considered so now. No more
beautiful edifice of worship can be found any
where than Central Union Church. It is built of
blue lava rock which has the appearance of
granite and is just as durable. The majority of
the recent government buildings and business
blocks are also built of this material. The execu
tive and judicial buildings are most imposing
structures built of concrete blocks and are de
signed to last for centuries.
In the last decade the city of Honolulu has
nearly doubled its population. The increase of
tourist travel has been remarkable and the per
centage of them who remain or return to become
permanent settlers is probably higher than in
any other part of the world.
The most beautiful tropical city in the world,
as Mr. Creelman says, is a loadstone that can
not be resisted. Here nature has lavished her
most bounteous gifts. Perennial spring-time with
its balmy breezes makes life one long dream. The
glorious moonlight speeds Cupid's love-darts on
their winged way and luminous sunsets besprin
kle with jewels the shimmering sea. The balmy
climate lulls one into day-dreams brighter by
far than Lotus-dreams ; while nature's bounteous
hand supplies life's sustenance with less effort
than in any other spot on earth. All nature
is in perennial bloom and the still small voice that
pulses through the universe speaks directly to
the soul.
Philippine Ethnology.
the battle of February 5th were of this class. Lit
tle reliance can be placed upon the estimates of the
total number of "Indonesiens" who have never
consented to stand and be counted. As an ap
proximation, some of the authorities have sug
gested 300,000 or 400,000. It is only proper to
state that Professor Brinton rejects the "Indo
ncsien theory," and prefers to teach that the tribes
of mountain and forest and the stormy eastern
coast are not a distinct race, but represent cross
ings of Malayan with Chinese or Negrito blood.
6. Of the aborigines called Negritos (little
Blacks), of Aetas. only 10,000 or 20,000 remain.
They are "as near an approach to primitive man
as can anywhere be found," says Professor Brin
ton ; and they are so far inferior in physique and
intelligence to the civilized or semi-civilized Ma
lay or "Indonesien" that they seem destined to
disappear altogether before long. Traces of im
migration from the large islands which lie south
east and southwest of the Philippines are rather
7. At or near the principal ports are about
100.000 Chinese, and perhaps 15,000 whites not
including General Otis' army !
The present distribution of the native tribes
has evidently been occasioned by successive
waves of invasion. The aboriginal Aetas (Ne
gritos), as a less vigorous branch of the human
family, were unable to resist attacks from restless
and progressive neighbors. The first people from
the mainland to appear as conquerors on a large
scale may have been the so-called Indonesiens;
but these in turn were displaced, in the more de-
A simple classification of the Philippine Archi
pelago's population may be made as follows
1. The Moros, or Stilus (Mohammedan Ma
lays) occupy the small southern islands, the
southern and western coasts of Mindanao, and
the southern extremity of Palawan. Their capi
tal is Siilu. As for their number, the estimate
in the Nnttvcait Dictionairc tic Geographic Uni
vcrsclle, by M. Vivien de Saint-Martin, is 200,
000 to 300,000.
2. The islands of the central group are in
habited chiefly by Visayans (Roman Catholic
Malays) . ( )f the Visayans proper there are about
2,500,000; but if we include the cognate tribes
scattered from Northeastern Mindanao to Min
doro and the Calamianes Islands, the total num
ber is probably much greater.
3. The Tagals, Tagalogs, or Tagalos (Roman
Catholic Malays), from whom Aguinaldo has
drawn the larger part of his forces, inhabit cen
tral Luzon. Their number is uncertain, though
for the present we may accept Saint-Martin's es
timate 1,200,000.
4. Tribes of Malays, which are numerically
of less importance, are not always clearly dis
tinguished from Tagalogs and Visayans c. g.,
the Ilocanos, Pampangos, and Zambales of north
ern and western Luzon, the Bicols (or Vicols)
in the extreme southeast of Luzon and in adjacent
islands, the Subanos of southern Cebu, etc.
5. Non-Malayan savages, remnants of an
earlier population which was displaced by the
Malays, are widely scattered, and the common
name' "Indonesiens" is given to these tribes by
the writers, who regard them as representatives
of a race which the Malays drove into the moun
tains, somewhat as Saxon displaced Celt in the
British Isles. That famous band of the Igorrotes
who trusted to charms and bows and arrows in
sirable portions of the archipelago, by hordes of
Asiatics coming from the Malay Peninsula by
way of Borneo the first incursion being led by
Tagals, and the second by Visayans. The third
and last wave of Malay invasion culminated
about the middle of the sixteenth century, not
far from the time when the Spaniards arrived
upon the scene and established themselves in the
Visayas and Luzon. And so these new Malay
invaders pirates, indomitable fighters, daring
sea-rovers brought Mohammedanism to the
archipelago at the very time when the Spaniards
were bringing Christianity. It was a renewal
in the Far East of the old strife of the Crescent
against the Cross, which had then but recently
come to an end in Spain itself by the expulsion of
the last of the Moors. Accordingly the Spanish
adventurers in the Philippines dubbed the Mo
hammedan Malays "oros" (that is, Moo.rs), and
"Moros" they are called to this day.
The editor of the Dictionaire de Geographic
Univcrscllc estimates the total population of the
archipelago at about 9,000,000, but fails to give
convincing reasons for this opinion. In view of
the statements which have been repeated day
after day for the last ten months, that the Phi
lippines support a population of 8,000,000 to 10,
000,000 persons, it may not seem that our ques
tion is too pointed if we ask, How is this in
formation derived? A little scrutiny of the
figures given in the foregoing paragraphs will
show that perhaps 5,000,000 or 6,000,000 have
been accounted for. Marion Wilcox in Harper's
TffBBOi' Hi lUl 1 iV
The finest edifice in Honolulu.

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