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Austin's Hawaiian weekly. (Honolulu [Hawaii) 1899-190?, July 01, 1899, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047152/1899-07-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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such agreements in nearly every State and city,
they have been compelled to withdraw from fur
ther business in Arkansas and to let the people
there bear their own fire losses. Business in
terests are suffering and mass-meetings have been
held to protest against the severity of this law.
These laws are similar to those of our fore
fathers which were intended to regulate values,
prices and trade. They prevent the free and bene
ficial exchange of products and interfere with
The magnitude of the trust agitation in the
United States can be appreciated when the Amer
ican Rcvicio of Reviews has seen fit in the June
number to give more than one-half of its valu
able editorial space to articles on the subject. It
says, in part :
"If the organization of labor, even to the ex
tent of the complete and monopolistic control of
a great many important trades, is defensible and
is a part of the natural and unavoidable move
ment of economic society in our age, it may be
none the less true that the combination of capital
engaged in a given line of industry is also in
the main trend of our economic development, and
therefore not to be prevented either by denuncia
tion or by enactments. Up to a certain point the
old-fashioned competitive system was not waste
ful, but, on the contrary, afforded a useful regula
tion of production and of price. The whole
tendency, however, of business progress espe
cially in a country like ours where vastness of
natural resources and the rapid growth of popula
tion promote the growth of small businesses into
enterprises conducted on a large scale seemed
to render the competitive system inadequate and
"The word trust as applied to this new method
of amalgamation in industrial production is not
accurate or well chosen. Some years ago. it is
true, the name fairly applied to several combina
tions. Their plan was not to consolidate what
had been competing properties, but to escape the
wastefulness of the competitive methods and gain
numerous advantages that would accrue from
union and harmony. The respective owners did
not give up the ownership of their properties, but
they assigned their holdings of stock to a com
mon board of trustees, which was authorized to
operate the plants as one system, although sepa
rate corporations were nominally maintained.
This arrangement, which constituted a trust in
the literal sense, was assailed on legal grounds
and was abandoned."
It is quite true that the magnitude of the oper
ations in the United States make large combina
tions necessary for the economic handling of the
vast and diversified products", and it is an open
question whether the saving of wasted energy is
not a benefit to the nation at large in putting the
American people on a basis which enables them
to compete in commerce with foreign nations. It
certainly must have been something of a surprise
to American labor organizations to note the Eng
lish view of their brother workmen across the At
lantic upon the subject of trust combinations. In
speaking of the ease with which American firms
are obtaining English orders in competition with
established concerns at home Mr. George N.
Barnes, Secretary of the Amalgamated Society
of Engineers, is quoted as saying that:
"The great advantage enjoyed by American
producers arises from the centralization of indus
try. American combines, whatever temporary
result to the status of workmen, have certainly
resulted in a more economical use of labor.
Centralization and specialization are giving an
enormous advantage to American firms, and inas
much as they are entirely on the line of progress,
we would welcome them here."
It is probable that the question which is now
agitating the American people will solve itself.
Twenty years ago the Spreckels' interest here
constituted a veritable trust but in that short time
the combination has gradually changed hands and
is dominated by a host of small investors. If the
American people will see to it that the great com
binations of capital do not use their power to
destroy individual rights trust corporations may
be made the means of advancing prosperity by
conserving and concentrating the energies of the
m H f
Most of the South American States have in
creased their population
South American s.everal fld. sine ti)c?
threw on the Spanish
yoke. Only in a few
btates has foreign im
migration been an important factor in the in
crease, though all the republics promote immigra
tion by all means in their power. Even Paraguay,
which is commonly regarded as the least enter
prising among them, pays the passage of immi
grants from Buenos Ayres and supplies oxen and
farming tools, to be paid for in produce or labor.
All the republics have vast, unoccupied spaces that
some clay will contribute largely to the national
wealth. But at present there are not enough
hands to till the soil or start the wheels of man
ufacture. Even in Chili, one of the most pros
perous States, there is no densely peopled region
except in the provinces around Valparaiso and
Santiago. If any part of the civilized world has
reason to declare that the human race is not
equitably and rationally distributed, it is South
America. With Europe overcrowded, and the
United States no longer clamoring for foreign
labor, there is no more inviting field than South
America, and the coming century is certain to
witness such a vast addition to the producing
and consuming elements of the continent as to
give it a high place in the world's industry. This
fact is now undoubted, and it affirms the wisdom
of those nations who are now laying broadly the
foundations for the future development of their
commercial relations with South America.
The situation in the Philippines is growing
more serious as time
Situation Growing wears on. The san
guine expectation of the
Ser,ous McKinley administra
tion, that the complete
pacification of the Philippines could be announced
in a few weeks, is not being realized. On the
contrary orders have been sent to all the recruit
ing stations to hasten the enlistment of men. It
has been decided to increase General Otis' force
to 35,000. The possibility of the necessity for a
call for volunteers to serve in the Philippines is
hinted at, while the very close censorship of news
dispatches at Manila is very ominous. There
must be something wrong. It cannot be sun
posed that our valiant men are being whipped and
that the news is being suppressed. The Ameri
can troops are certainly fighting at a very great
disadvantage, and until enough men are sent Gen
eral Otis to garrison points captured permanent
success mav not be looked for.
Mr. Schimmerhorn, well-known here, who en
listed with the California regiment, has iust re
turned from Manila. He savs that it is the pre
vailing opinion in the armv that it will take 6s.
oon to too.ooo fighting men to pacify and occmy
the islands. Tf so. win not send enough m"
over to quell the rebellion and have done with
the disgraceful episode. Tt mierht be suggested
that another General he sent, who is a little les
prhitrorv and has a better grasp of the local situa
tion. Would it not have been better to have
granted Aguinaldo an armistice pendincr th ar
rangement of a form of government satisfaetor"
to the Fi1ini"os than to have arbitrarily demnl")
"'"conditional surrender, which they are evidently
in no mood to grant. At the Hague we are acjvo.
Round About
eating the settling of difficulties by arbitration
while in the Philippines in action we decline to
arbitrate. It seems just a little bit inconsistent.
Vt K
Major C. J. Younghusband's book under this
title is attracting con-
The Philippines and siderable attention. Il
lustrative 01 vumirai
Dewey's promptness
and grasp of situation,
Major Younghusband mentions this minor inci
dent: A letter was received one evening from Agui
naldo, saying that he had attempted to land on a
certain small island in the bay and to take pos
session of it, together with some Spanish prison
ers who had been left there, but had been pre
vented from carrying out the operation by the
German man-of-war, the Irene, the captain of
which ship appears to have been a singularly in
discreet person. The admira' -European com
plications or no complications very naturally
resented this second infraction of "sea manners,"
and calling on board the captains of the Rakish
and Boston, gave them explicit orders to proceed
at once to the scene of dispute, and to land troops
on the island at all hazards. These instructions
were literally and promptly executed. The two
American war-vessels cleared for action, run up
their fighting pennants, and bore down in all
earnestness upon the good German. The local
emblem of the "mailed fist" had hardly bargained
for this exceedingly prompt and robust action,
and cleared out with more haste than decency,
some say slipping his cable in his hurry, and left
Aguinaldo and the Americans to effect the neces
sary capture.
Tn the extraordinary and unwarrantable be
havior of the Germans lay the chief danger to the
general peace, but German bluster was met with
ouiet dignity by the American commander, who
showed the most undaunted front and clearlv
declared that if the Germans did not as neutrals
adhere to the laws of neutrals he would fire on
"But that, sir, would mean war with Ger
man v." said the horror-stricken German admiral.
"I am perfectly aware of the fact," was the suave
replv of Admiral Dewey. When the aucstion of
the bombardment of Manila was tinder discus
sion, a matter which lay entirely between the bel
ligerents, and which remained for them, and
them alone, to decide, the German admiral was
again on the point of exceeding his rights as a
neutral in interfering, and with a view to ascer
taining whether the British squadron would sup
port him. he visited Sir Edward Chichester, and
asked what action he proposed taking in the
event of the Americans bombarding the town.
"That, sir, is known only to Admiral Dewev and
myself," was Sir Edward Chichester's polite but
crushing reply.
"Army officers at the seat of war." says the
writer, "appear to be almost unanimous in depre
cating the annexation of the Philippines on mili
tary grounds, while the naval opinion seems to
be in favor of it on the ground that increasing
commerce in Eastern Asia needs the fostering
influence which the display of power in any
quarter is supposed to bring." He adds:
Tt may perhaps be prophesied that when the
cold fit which will in due course follow the
warmth of the present enthusiasm, falls on the
nation, America will discover the true parting of
the ways was not in the actual act of annexation,
but in having allowed Admiral Dewey to do
more than defeat the Spanish fleet and exact a
heavy indemnity from the city before sailing
away, thus leaving the Philippine problem for
the Spaniards and their friends to solve. The
new masters of the islands have, in fact, been
faced by two separate and distinct problems, the
one connected with the external bearings of an-

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