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Austin's Hawaiian weekly. [volume] (Honolulu [Hawaii]) 1899-190?, July 08, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047152/1899-07-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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Devoted to the Progress -of the Pacific
Vol. I.
'-HONOLULU, JULY 8, 1899.
No. 4.
Progress of the Pacific.
Peace Conference
and the Pacific
The activities of the twentieth century will be
concentrated in the ra
cific Ocean. Russian
Siberia, China, Japan,
the Philippines, Aus
tralia, New Zealand,
South Africa, South America, Mexico and Cen
tral America, Alaska and the Pacific States, is
the field for the exploitation all future commer
cial energy and civilizing influences. The two
great civilizations, one under despotism, the
other, more modern, under institutions of liberty,
are moving toward each
oilier, one to the eastward,
The other to the westward,
with an irresistible force
which no power on earth
can stay. When they meet
one. must succumb to the
dthe'r.' Can anyone doubt
that the ancient and des
potic civilization will be
swept " 'out of existence.
But will the invasion of
Asia and Russia by modern
civilization be accomplish
ed peacefully or will there
be recorded in the coming
century the greatest and
most terrible war in the
world's .history a war so
devastating.and frightful in
its results that universal
peace must of a necessity
be mutually arranged.
Of the ancient and des
potic civilizations Russia
alone has any power and
energy. Under centralized
bureaucracy, intelligently
administrated, with vast
hordes of ignorant serfs or
ganized under one con
trolling will, she wields
a subtle .influence upon
the world that is hard to define. If she is permit
ted to reorganize the decaying-civilization, Asia,
with its uncounted hordes, under her systeq tfi
government, Russia could master the wbrld
without fighting a battle, simply ')v be over
powering moral influence such a position would
give her. For years there has been a restless
foreboding among the nations of the West as if
some dire calamity were imminent. Is it not
due to the subtle influence of Russia's rapidly in
creasing power under centralized organization?
Under the constitution of the United States pow
er cannot centralize in the Federal government
except ip time of war. But the reaj influence and
power of the United States lies in her wealth and
potential resources, in agriculture, manufacture
and commerce. As soon as it became apparent
through the Spanish war and the acquisition of
the Philippines, giving the United States an arm
reaching to the very door of the theater of the
future activities, that she must beepme world
power, wealth began to centralize until within
the short space of one year nearly every prom
inent industry is now managed by a trust' cor
poration. Recently comes the news of the feder
ation of Australian colonies making that conti
nent rather an ally of England's than a colony
thus strengthening her influence. Next will
come the federation of the British Empire with
" ..nperial parliament. Such is the situation of
-. e hour when the peace conference is deliber
ating upon a plan to insure the future peace of
the world.
The matter being considered by the confer
ence, is the establishing of a permanent court of
arbitration to decide all cmestions between na
tions which cannot be settled by diplomacy.
There seems to be considerable probability of
agreement on some plan as all the nations repre
sented acquiesced in the principle of arbitration.
In sneakmr of the scheme broturht forward by
the United States the London Times says:
"No Government or people have devoted, tjieni-
' selves with greater ardor to the study of the
theory of arbitration than the Government and
people of the United States. The Americans not
only possess great lawyers, but they are a com
munity in which the knowledge of legal princi
ples is perhaps more widely spread than in any
other. American jurists have done much to
.mould the doctrines of international law. in the
'past, and in their treatment of large questions
.they have often displayed a luminous insight, a
firm grasp of fundamental principles, and a solid
.erudition unsurpassed by the legal writers of
any modern State."
Dr. Edward Everett Hale in an article entitled,
"A Plan for the United States of Europe," in
June Cosmopolitan, com
pares such a court arbitra
tion to the Supreme Court
of the-United States, thus:
"The peace of the Unit
ed States for one hundred
years out of one hundred
and ten has been guaran
teed by the Supreme Court
of the United States. This
court is indeed supreme.
It is higher than the Presi
dent, it is higher than the
Senate or the House cf
Representatives. 1 1 is
higher than any governor
or any State. It speaks,
and what it says is done.
It is an international court
between forty-five sover
eignties, each of which has
its own local pride, many
of which are wholly differ
ent from many others in
origin, in race, even in
language and religion."
In speaking of the ques
tion that would come be
fore such a court he con
tinues: "There is no danger but
that two nations who have
some difficulty which es
capes the clumsy meshes of our old-fashioned
diplomacy will be glad enough to try a court of
such prestige and dignity. Here is this knotty
question of the Newfoundland fisheries between
England and France. It is the curious question
whether in the language of diplomacy in 1783 a
lobster was a fish. The treaty of 1783 gives
France the undoubted right to cure fish on the
uninhabited parts of the western coast of New
foundland. May she therefore can lobsters there?
If the lobster is a fish, ves! Tf he is a crustacean,
no! This must be decided bv a court. And if
such a court had existed this question woujd,
liaye been submitted years ago.,"

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