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AUSTIN'S HAWAIIAN WEEKLY.
In order to make the ruling of a court of arbi tration binding, there should be an agreement among the powers, that, if a nation voluntarily submits a question for decision and refuses to abide by it that the combined fleets of the other powers should make such a demonstration as would insure obedience. sji yg va The death knell of a departing race has been sounded. But one high The Decay of the chieftess of Hawaii re- Hawaiian Race ai"s.of a n lm,c of illustrious chiefs whose lineage has come clown the ages for many centuries in almost unbroken chain. The decay of a race so amiable and in many ways so exemplary, that dates its origin from Aryan stock, and which, when discovered in Hawaii retained remnants of the early civiliza tion of the Mesipotamia basin, appeals vividly to the pathetic and sentimental sensibilities. That the Hawaiians in the short space of seventy years, after having degenerated from an ancient civiliza tion through superstition and the influence of priest craft, should have embraced Christianity and modern civilization is but another evidence of their antiquity and contact with an earlier civilization. In less than a century they have been lifted from savagery to high intelligence and education which compares favorably with any of the peoples of the world ; yet the stimu lating, aggressive modern civilization seems to have had a strange effect upon the race. For forty or fifty years the chiefs of the royal line have practically been without issue and the throne has passed successively from brother to brother, or brother to sister, and in the case of the Princess Kaiulani the succession passed from aunt to niece. King Lunalilo was the only exception to tins rule and after his death the succession passed by popu lar consent from the direct Kamehameha line, for lack of heirs, (with one exception, Queen Emma) to the Kalakaua dynasty a colateral branch. A It cannot be claimed that the stimulus of civilization was the cause of this barrenness of issue although it might have had something to do with it. Speaking in scientific parlance, it was probably due to the influence of "inbreeding" during several centuries. The lines of consan guinity were never drawn among the Hawaiian chiefs. The same natural phenomena is taking place among the royal families of Europe andjt had not been for the prolific, late Queen of Den mark, with her many daughters, furnishing con sorts for the crowned heads of Europe, the con dition would have been much worse than it is. But what of the next generation? In a minor degree the same influences are prob ably the cause, partially so at least, of the dimi nution of the Hawaiian people. For nearly ten centuries, as nearly as can be estimated, they were confined to an isolated and limited area without the stimulating contact with other races. Vision ary as were many of the schemes of the late King Kalakaua, whose consort .was the lamented Queen Dowager Kapiolani, his suggestion for "hooulu ka Jalnti" was by no means chimerical. It was based upon sound philosophy. He proposed the founding of industrial seminaries, at government expense, and that girls be imported, preferably from India, to be educated in English and Hawai ian and all the domestic virtues that would fit them for good wives ; that at the proper age these girls be offered in marriage to Hawaiians; tint pending their marriage, or in the event of their regaining single, they be employed as factory hands, as government wards. Thus, he contend ed, by infusing new and kindred blood into the race the turniirg point will gradually be reached and my people increase instead of diminish with out in any wa changing the Hawaiian character istics. That his theory was sound finds evidence in the fact that native women married to either " whites or Chinese have invariably been more pro lific in offspring than when wedded to natives. It might be suggested to those who have the in terests of the native Hawaiians at heart, and de sire to sec so amiable and kindly a race perpet uated, that now, that the Philippines are also a part of American territory, friendly agitation of the subject might possibly result in engrafting Filipino blood into that of the Hawaiian upon some such plan as that suggested by King Kala kaua. These remarks upon the Hawaiian seem perti nant at this time when two chieffesses of Hawaii have so recently been laid in their final resting place. It is an anomaly that the pomp and pageantry of royalty should be seen upon Ameri can soil and that' .the great funeral processions should be tdignified by an escort of American troops : and furthermore, it is equally anomalous that the president of a republic should follow the remains of royalty to the tomb and that the funeral rites should have been conducted by order of the government. Doubtless President Dole, having been born here cannot forget that he is a Hawaiian although serving the United States. As long as a scion of Hawaiian royalty remains let us accord, at least, in death the observance of those beautiful customs which are ten times as old as the modern American civilization under which we now dwell. 5S Sf The incident at the Orpheum hotel, on the Fourth of July, over the A Deplorable German and ' American Incident , "ag wmcn almost led . to riot, is greatly to be deplored. It is to be regretted that anything in the nature of strife should have occurred to mar the peaceful nature and success of the first celebration of the Fourth ofJulyin Hawaii. Had a riot happened between royalists and annexationists over some incident, which might easily "have come to pass the matter could be explained by the past bitterness between 'these factions ; but whatever may have been the feelings of the natives, at seeing the city decorat ed with gay bunting and rthe Stars and Stripes, they have peaceably accepted the inevitable and viewed the celebration without apparent emotion. That the bitter feeling, which has, most unfor tunately, existed between Germans and Ameri cans for some time past, should break out here in peaceful Hawaii, seems unexplainablc. The facts briefly arc, that one Carl Kenme, proprietor of the Orpheum hotel, after decorat ing the building with gay bunting in honor of the day, having lent his American flag to the Or pheuin theatre to be used on the stage, saw no harm in flying the German colors over the build ing. Because the building below was decorated with bunting it should not have been construed that he had committed the indignity of flying the German flag over the Stars and Stripes. A num ber of superrpatriotic Americans of recent im portation, however, construed the action other wise and gathering 'together a number of per sons of their own rough character. including about thirty of the soldiers, on shorn love froni the transport Sheridan, the mob invaded the hotel, insulted the wonicn and hauling clown the Ger man flag replaced it with the American flag that wps recovered from the theatre. Mr. Klemme was naturally very indignant and Applied to the Marshal concerning his rights. He was informed that he certainly had the riHit to fly the German flag if he desired but was advised moderation. However, he demanded protection and four policemen were detailed to protect th" hotel while the anrrv German hiu'ed (low the American flair and ran tip the Grnyn flic. When the police guard left at noon. 1-c-lieving all to be quiet, the mob again in vaded the hotel and replaced the Stars and Stripes with a home made flag hastily manufactured from bunting torn from the building. The mob was soon dispersed by the police, there was no one injured and no damage done the most incipient riot one could well imagine. These are the .plain facts in the case and the Weekly has been thus explicit, more than anything, to furnish the con temporary press on the mainland with the true facts in the matter. Undoubtedly, the "yellow" journals of the United States have, ere this reaches them, hysterically heralded Honolulu's poor little riot as an event of international im portance. Mr. Klemme may have been well within his rights as a German citizen but he certainly used extremely bad judgment in pushing the matter after seeing the temper of the mob. One who caters to the public should use a little tact and policy. It is understood that he now has a "bee in his bonnet" and has visions of wealth derived from a claim against the United States for dam ages. For what? let us ask. This rosy ambition must be curbed. It is sincerely hoped that Ger man Consul-General Hackfeld will not attempt to make this episode an international affair or take any other action which might tend to dis turb the harmony and amiable sentiments which have ever characterized the relations existing be tween the English, German and American resi dents of Hawaii. $g 5!f Hawaii celebrated its first Fourth of July, under American rule in good old United States style. The only feature that was conspicuously absent was the small boy, on the night of the third with his fire crack ers aAtl toot horns. People were actually per mitted to sleep on the night before the Fourth which is very un-American to say the least. ' The procession although not as large as might be seen in a city of 40,000 people on the mainland but was. nevertheless up-to-date and reflected credit on the Fourth of July Committee. There were literary and musical exercises, an oration, sports in the afternoon followed by a lively baseball match ; then the regulation fireworks in the wind ing up with a grand ball at the Drill Shed in a style peculiar to Honolulu. In all respects Ha waii's first display of exuberant patriotism for the land that has adopted her was a success. A Mysterious Island. The First Fourth of July Much attention has been given of late to what weniay call the strange case of Clippcrton Tshnd. It is not more than three miles in circumference, and it lies in the Western Pacific something like 800 miles west of Mexico. In the wide expanse of the Pacific Ocean it shows like a mere speck, so small as to be of no value, seemingly, save as a refuge for a few of the army of bench-combers "who have burst all bounds of habit and have wandered far away" in the course of tber down ward progress. But the ownership of Clippcrton Tsland has of late been claimed bv no fewer than four countries Mexico, the United States. France and Great Britain : and when it is added that the island is a favorite haunt of sea birds, and that many tons of valuable guano are wait'ng to be picked up, the reason for this unwonted solicitude even in an era of land-grabbing will be apparent. Clipperton Tsland is of interest iti another direction. Tt is one of those numerous stretches of land set in the midst of tlv seas, sunny and otherwise, which, after their first dis covery, for many years elude all endeavor's to locate them again. Tt has now been, as it were, nailed down in one particular spot in the ocean that is to say, its exact position has been finally determined by warships sent out for the express purpose of searching for it and settling all doubts as toits existence; and the only thing remaining now is that the question of ownership should be