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Qevofeej fo tfte )rogreS& of tfie pacific.
Vol. II. Per Copy, 10 Cents. HONOLULU, SEPTEMBER 23, 1899. Per Year, $4.00. No. 1. Progress of the Pacific. It is interesting to note the English view of the American Philippine muddle. The English The NcW! from thc View. Philippines, reaching London through private sources, is not encouraging. Speculation has he gun as to whether the United States, in the long run, will find the game worth the can dle of holding and governing their new Eastern possessions. The unaffected pleas ure with which the average Englishman has witnessed the substitution of the American ilag for that of Spain in this Oriental Alsacia is easily intelligible. Sincere friends of the United States, however, are com pletely at a loss to u 11 d erst a n d the grounds for a policy of expansion which, under all conditions, involves, enormous cost, even if every dollar of the Philip pine trade (lowed in to American coffers. The administration of India is only possible to England because Hindustan is rich enough to give the British garrison free quarters and to pay the cost of the civil admin istration. If the Indian budget were to exhibit any such deficit as that which is inevitable in the Philippine balance-sheet, it is certain that the electorate would decline the barren honor of an imperialism that touched their pockets, and would promptly relinquish their Asiatic possessions. In other words, England holds on to India because it is profitable to do so. Colonial authorities who have made a study of thc situa tion tell me that, in their opinion," thc American public will soon discover that the cost of holding thc Philippines is out of all proportion to the pos sible benefits to be received, and that the burden imposed on the American tax-payer will involve either the evacuation of the islands or such arrangements with the insurgents as will reduce the cost of American control to a nominal sum. 1 f these views are not articulated in English news papers it is because the average editor is too patriotic to say anything that might suggest the retiremei't of thc United States from a position favorable to l.ritish commercial interests in Asia. 1 litherto England has paid for the open door through which Americans have passed. That the United States should pour out life and treasure like water for the benefit of the world is entirely in accordance with British ideas." It would be difficult to induce the nioney-nialc-ing American people to abandon the Philippines after having paid so dearly for the possession, and when thc war is over the Americans will im mediately proceed to make, what to any other nation might be a bad investment, pay, and be come self-sustaining. The English correspondent who holds these pessimistic views does not thor oughly appreciate American characteristics. These characteristics are, perhaps, best illustrated in the forcible remark made recently by General Funston, which is being widely quoted. He said: "We should stay here to the bitter end and raw-hide these bullet-headed Asians until they yell for mercy. After the war I want the job of Professor of American History in Luzon Univer sity, when they build it, and I'll warrant that the new generation of natives will know better than . to get in the way of the band wagon of migio-aaxon prog ress and decencv." General Funston is, to be sure, a very pro nounced type of the aggressive American, but his statement, al though the rhetoric is rather highly colored very closely describes the American char acter. The Ameri can 'has little diplom acy and is almost sav age in his intensity when opposed, but one having conqu ered, good-naturedly proceeds to educate his opponent to think as he docs in the interest of future peace A little diplom acy would save many a hard knock, but the American will have none of it. Now that the American people are aroused to the magnitude of the undertaking in the Philippines, which knowledge General Otis' cen sorship has kept from them, they will demand the speedy stamping out of the rebellion, if it takes a million men. Hefore the pessimists at home and abroad are through with their gloomy forebod ings the war will be over and there will be a boom on in the Philippines. Secretary Root is pro ving himself to be the right man in the right place. Probably no man has been called to the War Department who has had greater res ponsibilities upon his shoulders. w ', r in ki ml J3