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"se-frt "i -3 " - &j. -. ?- 9 ? M 5tu P yg. M V v rf THE HONOLULU "" REPUBLICAN. TOLTDIE I, NO. 14 HONOLULU, H. E, FiHDAY, JUNE 29, 1900 PRICE ITYB CENTS SMALL FARSLYO Off THE LSLAJ The Immense Profits Derived Prom Varied Crops. WHAT CAS BE BUSED. hawaits opportunity TO costsiand the IAND a"ARE2TS. Baas, Pineapples, Grapes and Other Fruits Can be Successfully Grown A Cannery "Wanted. "I rand wRh modi itorC said D. O. Caawirliwa. tb fruit shipper, yesterday afternoon, "th editorial in this moratag's Republican entitled "Should Produce Varied Crops.' The editorial i tad timely. The Territory of Hawaii, now that It is annexed to th United States offers the most flattering inducements to the America amali fanner. If he can obtain land for cultivation. That Is the trouble the securing of bind. Take the Island of Oatau. for The arallable land on the Island la now almost exclusively devoted to in cultivation of three crops rice and taro. Rice and taro readily find a home market, and our prtedpal effort, as you know, is sugar. Wear la Identically the sawo position a as the South was before the war. At the South then it was nothing but cotton; cotton 'was king. Hero it is nothing- but sugar; sugar Is king. We are rarrjring our goods to market in one basket, or rather, we have only one variety of goods to sell. This is all wrong. There are many tillable acres on the other Islands that are not devoted to the cultivation of sugar, but at present, owing to the insufficiency of steamship communication are hardly accessible for small or oxtenslvo farming. "I don't think the present price of ttgr will be maintained longer than three years. I think by that time tho large holders of land will find it materially to their interests to go out of the sugar business and their large tracts. Then will be the opportunity for the extensive farmer. "When that time comes the great prosperity of the Territory will exceed the dreams of the most enthusiastic mninn of the Islands. "I have said that Hawaii, now that it U aunexed to the United States, offers many Inducements to tho Ameri-i an small farmer, if he can obtain land to cultivate. Let me make ray moaning clearor. Annexation has removed the duties on many fruits that can be most successfully and profitably cultivated here. Take, for instance, limes. The duty on limes is 51.75 per case. This has ben removed by annexation. Hawaii i the natural home for the llmo. It does ier new uiuu In the world. It is a perennial bearor. and in Hawaii is very proline. It takes from Uirt to four years for the lime to bear from tno seeu. i u three small trees on my Place at They net me 16 each. The United States Imports from Mexico annually from SfiO.000 to 400.WX) cases of limes. These limes could bo oaslly raised here. Tkte Ib a great pineapple country. The itfneapplos that wo raise are very julev. of line flavor and free from pulp. From 4000 to 5000 pineapples can be raised ou an aero. Tho price to tho grower will average ?1.?S per dozen. I have six acres of plnoapples on my jdaee. Two men do the entire work and I say each $20 a month. The crop matures once a year. Figuring on only 4009 pineapples to the acre the net income would be 58S7.75 and the proflt 5442.7$, or per cent proQL Does anyone want a handsomer proflt for his investment than this? "Tho Untied States Import S00.000 cast of pineapples. Wo could largely hVo this trade. .,,.,. "Our bananas are recognized in the markots as being superior to those mown anywhoro elso. and it is a shame r. ... in : "Francisco, even. thay Import bananas from tho Atlan- j tie coast, many ot mom cvimut, " Blueltald. California imports alone $t,9 worth of bananas. We raise iff bunches of bananas to the acre. Choice hunches for shipping sell at from 9$ cents to $1. and second-grade bunch at 50 cents. Supposing the grower only gets 25 cents a bunch, he realfeoB 560 an acre, which Is a net proflt of at least S00 an acre. "Perhaps vou are not aware that in thS country grapes yield two crops a vear J pav for Hawaiian grapes 5200 a ton and tft them for 5300. Grapes will produce an Uamonso yield xo the acre, and ospeolaHr Khon you get two crops In n year. . -This is the Ideal spot for figs. They boar abundantly and are not surpassed in Quality by any grown elsewhere In tho world. "Vegetables do nnoiy norc. ' " fine asparagus and the most delicate trlus beans and peas. If we had a oaunory trc could put up fancy string beans and I aat woul5 com,p:.te 5th those Wd in Southern Italy and portions of France, -which bring handsome prices. "Owing to our climate we can raise and supplv the California market with fruits and vegetables when there is a dearth of them there. In faet. owing ,U tho present system of refrigeration, e can profitably put fruit and vegetables into the Chicago and New ork markets and then command our own prices therefor. "In speaking of canned goods, I might mention many things thai could be put ap at an immense prcSt Geava jelly and green mango sauce would capture every market. There Is no jelly among coasotesears equal xo geava. and no sauce that approaches green mango. "I might mention many other limits and vegetables that can be grown successfully here; In fact, the list Is almost Illimitable, but I think you have enough for an article. What we want here is less sugar raising and more Intensive farming." AMUSEMENTS. De MIHe and Belasco's comedy, "Lord Chumley." in which E. H, Southern made the success of his life and de lighted the playgoers of England and America, was presented at the Hawaiian Theater last night by -the Neill company, Mr. Neill gave some taste of his excellent work In the lighter veins of comedy in his rendition of "Captain Lettarblair." In "Lord Chumley" he has opportunity to demonstrate Ms ability as an interpreter of one of the most popular comedy characters of the modern stage. His work was much admired, and no one who ever saw Southern in the part could say, after last night's performance, that Mr. Neill was not fully the equal of Mr. Southern in his interpretation of the nonchalant, drawling Chumley. All tho other characters were well sustained, as Mr. N'eill's company is a complete organization of most competent people. To-night 'Lady Windemere's Fan" will be given, and like at each previous performance, the house will no doubt be crowded. The Southwell company gave a good performance of "Olivette at the last evening. All the parts were rendered with a snap that showed everyone was at home In their respective roles. Miss Hattle Belle Ladd was charming Olivette and entered Into the spirit of the character in a way that won the audience from the start William Wolff, as Cocquellicot, was a decided hit, and his song, "Bob Up Serenely," called forth many an encore. Miss Salllnger should be mentioned in the most approving terms as the Countess, while Winfred Goff and Grafton Baker played their roles up to their usual standard. Mr. Branson is just as funny as ever in Captain De Merimac, and the chorus did all that could be asked of them. "Olivette" will be continued the balance of the week. Next Monday Sousa's famous opera, "El Capltan," will be seen. .; THE MEMORIAL KINDERGARTEN. Honry and Dorothy School on Kinc Street. American, Hawaiian, Japanese and Chinese flags, together with Jasmine festooned along walls and above tasty pictures, statuets and busts greeted tho gare of guests at the graduating exercises yesterday of the Honolulu Free Kindorgartcn training class in the schoolroom of the Henry and Dorothy Castle Memorial Kindergarten on King street The main feature of tho day was tho graduation of Miss Helen Kanaieaaa and Miss Alice Kong. These young ladies received their certificates and are now ready to teach the little tots. The Rev. William Morris Kincald made a short address, in which he said In substance: "The truth stands for the power of vision, and even life has its chapter of a clear, poetical vision. A vision may be described as a union of faculty with providence The eye does not see the light unless it admits the light The power of vision, therefore, means the right adjustment of faculty and providence. The eye turns to the light and the light waits for the eye. What rre Ideals but the visions by which the world lives? There are four visions -the vision of the mind, which is progress; the vision of the moral nature which Is duty; the vision of tho heart, which is love, and the vision of the soul, which is faith." The program consisted oi prajur, o- cal and instrumental music, addresses by Rev. W. M. Klncaid and Francis Lawrence, the principal, and the presentation of certiBcatcs by Mrs. C. M. Hyde. New Food for Cattle. Dr. Samuel Hape of Hapeville? Ga., has a scheme to Introduce a new stock food In his State that it successful, and he has no doubt that it will be. will surpass anything in the way of saccharine food that is yet lenown. The food that is yet known. The food in question is a honey locust bean from the island of Cyprus, which Dr. Hape says is a staple along the Mediterra nean Sea as a stock food as our cotton-seed is here. The bean in question if from S to 10 inches in length and about the width of a butter bean, with twice the thickness, and contains over 50 per cent of saccharine matter. It will be eaten by all stock and cattle, being greatly preferred over the common locust, which is also recognized as a flno food for hogs and cows. The fruit, so says Dr. Hape, is very easily grown and will thrive on the red hills of Georgia aa readily as the wild locust to which it bears a striking resemblance, only it Is richer In flavor and exceeds it in amount of nutritious honey. Of all these pretty summer girls 1 wish it were my lot To know which ones are graduates And which of them are not SAHTMOS B iEL DffORTAST. InsaMtary Condition of Several Localities in Town. WAT A CITIZEN SAYS. THE DILIGENCE OF THE HEALTH ATJTHOBIT1ES C02OIENDED. - How an Order of the Board of Health. "Was Cunningly Evaded Japanese and Chinese Colonies. "I am very glad to see the active campaign being waged by the Board of Health, and particularly by Plumbing Inspector Duffy against the unsanitary condition of the Chinese shacks going up In nearly every portion of the city," said a prominent resident on Liliha street "The sad and costly experiences of the plague should teach us a lesson. We cannot be too cautious and aggressive In guarding against the reappearance or visitation of a similar calamity. If the Chinese and Japanese are permitted to erect their wooden shacks all over the city, and there Isn't hardly a street that is free from their invasion, great care and the utmost diligence on the part of the authorities should be taken that these be kept In a sanitary condition. The utmost vigilance and watchfulness should be exercised that dirt, filth and disease should be held at all times In subjugation in the Mongolian quarter. "I was interested in the way an order of the Board of Health was evaded in my section of the town. The board, during the plague scare, passed an order that a pond, filled with stagnant water and loathsome in the. extreme, should be filled in before any buildings should be erected over it The pond was partially surrounded by elevations. These elevations abutted two streets, and at their highest points were on the level of the thoroughfare. Well, the owners of the property, in order to save expense, commenced cutting the it Into -the "pqttdThe fever-breeding pond was filled, or partially so, but the property adjoining or abutting the streets was several feet below the grades of the street Large, rambling wooden shacks were erected on the property. What is the result? The space intervening between the ground and the floors of the buildings is nothing but a huge receptacle tnr nith and dirt, and is destined matelv to breed disease or, at least, spread It if it Should break out in another section of the city. Probably the niiino in nr Hie so-called filling in of the pond, escaped the notice of the Board of Health officials at tuo time. "Now they are rapidly building up a new Chinatown about the .atersectlon -of King and Lfliha streets, and while I do not wish In any way to criticise the authorities, the condition of some of the buildings recently erected, from a sanitarv point, is deplorable. The of the Chinese and Japanese, notwithstanding- the sad experience thpv have oassed through, have no con ception of what sanitation means. They should be forced to clean up their premises and compelled to keep them dean. . ... "One of the nastiest places in this town is at the corner of Liliha and Kuakini streets. The locality offers flattering inducements for residences, or did a short time ago. "Two colonies, one of Chinese and tho other of Japanese, have been established there. They are housed in the roughest of buildings, packed In like sardines. In each building the cubic air ordinance is violated, inere are three tiers of bunks in each structure, .,! y,n Atnmrnlians are crowded in them in a most frightful manner. Outhouses, with shallow vaults, align the streets, and the air is pregnated with ill-smelling, fever-breeding impurities. Nude Japanese at all times of the day shock the white residents of the neighborhood, wnica is table. . ,. "Now. I say, and I say emphatically, that such a place is a menace not only to the neighborhood, but the entire community. I believe that if the condition prevailing at the corner of and Kuakini streets is called to the attention of the health authorities it will be at once rectified." - Effects of a Brain Wound. During the Civil War a First "Maryland Confederate cavalryman was shot through the head at Yellaw Tavern and a surceon removed a part of his brain, with the result that he recovered, but with aparUsdlossofmemory and an absolute inability to drink intoxicants, fpr which, he had previously a special liking. o:.;inT. .- teremorted from South Africa, were a British soldier's head vras pierced by a Manser bullet and Sir William MacConnae, a distinguished English surgeon, removed part of the brain. The man recovered, with no more serious consequence than a slteht impairment of memory and a positive distaste for beer, of which he was very f oniL S. F. Chronicle. Another Railway Nuisance. i 3 j a J5 aAm mi - . .Much compisant is ntsuuviu. and of tne eonaiTaoa octao . quaM , inenc I by tie Bapid TraaiUCompany in last , ; Jaraary. " The rails :a now above the surface far hxsz distance, in somel place being tr irsehls above the road- wsy lae Jaw? require:, tnav rcuaay j companies sadl keep their tr&ess in repair zhS Bods vzlh the- road bed. Tbe tracks of the .Transit company. where lata, are a nreu&ee to tata and life. An. Unfounded Humor. A rumor wae tmrraut yesterday that Ghas. McCarthy of the Criterion, saloon bad received from the authorities notice that bis saloon license on Fort street would not be renewed, and that he must bant op new quarters when it expired. An inquiry of the manager of the Criterion proved the rumor to be unfounded, HJ? understood that the Criterion haduinerely at the meeting, but that nothinc had hrr? done as in the case of the Pantheon saloon. The Board of Health. It is understood that theBoard of Health ias reached a decision upon the question of payimj a salary to the presfdent of that body hereafter, and that Dr.uarvin will probably bo elected to that position at the meeting this afternoon. It has already been determined that J. D. McVeigh will succeed Dr. Garvin as executive officer of the board and this appointment will alto likely be made to-day. The refusal of Dr. Garvin to accept the position of nnnto ji1btt PAnwi thi niwH. fo cm i over at lost meeting. An assistant to Dr. Pratt will also be appointed to-day and a large budget of routine business disposed of. THOSE DISBARRED 0FHCERS. WHAT ACTION WILL THE GOVERNMENT NOW TAKE ? Disposition to Continue the Officials in Office Views cf the Attorney General. Disqualified officeholders continued to be the theme of conversation yesterday. In the hotels, the saloons, on the cars and on the street the subject was discussed with much spirit The discussion was not devoid of its humorous side. Americans like Secretary of the Territory Cooper and Deputy Attorney-General J. W. Cathcart were hailed by anxious friends and asked If they were Americans. And then, again, other equally as prominent members of the government, with a take out their naturalization papers. "What is the government going to do with its disqualified officials?" This question was heard on nearly every corner. "It is a hame," said one, "that men who are not citizens of a country should-persist in holding office, and a that, too, in direct violation of the law. I am an American, and such a thing wouldn't be countenanced in my country for a moment, and I doubt if It will be here." To ascertain what the government intended doing with its disbarred officials, a Republican reporter called on Secretary Cooper. He declined to discuss the matter, as the subject was in the hands of the Attorney-General. "What is your opinion?" was asked. "White T have an opinion, I do not care to express it" The reporter found Attorney-General Dole. "I have rendered an opinion on the subject," said he. "The matter is practically out of my hands. I think the disqualified officers will continue in office until the next session of the Legislature." "Being disqualified, won't the official acts of these officials be illegal?" was asked. "I think not," was the answer. "What has the Legislature to do with these officials? Doesn't the Governor appoint most of them?: asked the reporter. "Tho'Lcgislature, or rataer,.the conurms the Governor's appointments. Yes, the Governor appoints most of them, I presume." Attorney-General Dole indicated by his manner that It was the present intention of the government to take no action in reference to the removal of the disqualified officials and that they would continue In office. Later in the day a prominent omciai, who does not wish his name used, said to The Republican: "Yes, I presume the government will take no action, in the premises. It Is quite likely it will come up for discussion, if not decision, at the council meeting to-morrow (this) morning. However, I am not posted fully on what is to oe done, and now only venture to eapress an opinion. "You have not perhaps, noticed the fniinwincr oaiagraph of Section SO Lf the Territorial Act, which provides tlut H persons holding office in the Islands at the time this, act takes effect shall continue to bold their respective offices until tneir successors r, innointed and qualified, but not be- yond the end of the srst session of the j Senate o the Terrytory of Hawaii, un- 'rEltaposSe for me to sav what view tne vtoveraur i take of this question. I am inclined to t, nninfon that the Governor will low thejpolicy of allowing all these jplbrcssors are appointed anH . - tn A 1 Til f f AT T Jfil VAlll UljLLmft PUPILS GRADUATE. t Ten TTOUng: Indies and I Gentlemen in the t j Class. j ! 1 KAULUKOITS APPLAUDED. DECORATIONS SIMPLE BUT IX- PE.ESSIYS BOTJaTJETS, FLAGS AND LEIS. Pupils Present President Hosmer With a Diamond Locket a at Conclusion of Exercises. Panabi Hall at Oahu College was filled last niht to listen to the ing exercises of the Class of 1900 which j took place in the spacious chapel J on the second floor. Ten youug people, five young ladies and an equal number of young men, have received diplomas which credit them with having passed the highest portalui the present system of education in the Territory. Three of them will coutinuo their studies in eastern colleges, E. O. Hall It at Havard, Chas. F.Alexander at Yale and Miss Kincaid at Smith in Massachusetts. The full class who have passed through the curriculum of Oahu College during the past year are: Charles " -Frederic AleMiuder. Iwalani Kathleen Dayton, Edwin Oscar Hull, Iwalani Ameria Jeagijr, Abraham Gilbert Kaulukou, Clare March Kelley.Anua Douglass Kincaid, Clarence Kumukon Is Lyman, Wilhelmlna Isabella Schmidt and Eaymond Spaldiug. After the invocation by the Eev. William AT. Kincaid, each of the young A ladies read an essay and the young men speke without notes. Their subjects v.ere: "Trusts," Charles F. Alexander; uThe Eeign of Peace,' Iwalani a K. Dayton: "Nature" Wilhelmina I. on Schmidt; "Municipal Government,' Claranco K. Lyman; ''Art, Clare M. Kelley; "Hawaiians and Hawaii Nei," Abraham G. Kaulukou; "Expansion," Kaymond Spalding; "Honolulu's Parks" Iwalani A, Jaeger; "Greek versus Eo-man," Anna D. Kincaid; and "The Ideal Education," with Valedictory, Edwin CXHall. " :u nee ouesd. ."the ViATiflftmHon. The - Drocrani was spersed with several s.e4e.ctioua by ;thej Hawaiian orcnesira uuuer The decorations were simple, m factn severly simple, one might tninK at tne beginning of the program, but as the various member? of tho clots completed their remarks and the boquets and leis began to come in, the stage took on different aspect for the flower tributes were all piled at the edge of the platform and the various colors well witb the green of the house palms which were the only decorations on tho platform when the program commenced. Up above the class on opposite sides of the onran were two fiond pieces in colors of particular beauty. Tho one read 'O.C." and tho other f'OO." On the walls hung 'tho customary pictures which usually grace the walls of the chapel of Pauahi Hall, while iu the niches of the walls were pieces of statuary. The exercises were held in the maiu hall, and over the doors leading to the mauka whig of the hall was draped a very large American flag. Iu the other, or inakai wing, sat the orchestra. Somo of the front seats were reserved for the relatives and particu lar friends ot the graduates A great many of the gentlemen and quite a few or the ladies in the audience were in evenuig dress but no attempt at full dress was made by the graduates as a whole. Each wore a costume to suit his or her ideas of the occasion. This variety took otf the sameness which is noticeable so frequently upon occasions of tins sort; and the general tone and variety of the papers presented evidenced a very healthy spirit of independence in the scholarsuip ot tne college. Interest seemed to center on tne voung men, owing no doubt to the fact that ail of them but one had political subjects. Alexander's treatment of trusts was good. Lyman of Hllo evidenced some clear ideas on citizenship and municipal responsibilities, which -.. i-n advance of the understanding of most Hawaiians on the subject s vie nroc nn I A.abvaw - j ians," spoke with the ease ot an nubile speaker. He wanted the cry, "Hawaii for Hawaiians, changed to "Hawaii for the Right" On cioslng, he was greeted with prolonged applause, which almost amounted to an ovation, being the most marked sign of the pleasure of the audience during the entire program. Spalding spoke with confidence in himself, which, with his good voice and clear enunciation, should make him a fluent speaker. His address was; clear-cut and well received. Hall, who hail the had probably the most arlv address of the class. The young ladies all acquitted themselves very creditably. The following was the valedictory delivered by Edwin O. Hall: have come- to the parting of the ways. The time has arrived when rr must take a step forward into the I busy world. But before we leave halls, never to return as siuuenuj, ;. Ins pause en the threshhold and look back over tae years spent u. ... TVe have made fast friendships, and our thoughts are full of the pleasant memories of the past It Is with, reiet leave behind us these scenes, the bright, sunshlayspofa ln. n Wstnrr nnrt turn tO handed, the deeper PSHS' Let us, therefore, remain true to oar motto, be strong in body, mind and soul and we shall not have lived in vain." President F A Hosmer. who has bpn at the head of Ooim College for the nast ten ti tsi) f nnc nhrwi tn feflA rkT,?ij.V tK& vTaF.m.tc .J.... "I thank my youn? friends for the kind words and I thank the members of tl class for the many expressions of gooi will which I have many times received, Perhaps at the end of tec years work I might feel like being entitled to a valedictory myself, but I will forbear and say with Daniel Webster: The past at least is secure." Many of the class will go Into the American universities sooner or later, and they will acquit themselves welL Others will go into business life and do equally as welL "We have shown that man does not deteriorate here In the tropics, and I am glad to say that during the ten years I have been connected with the school not one of the pupils has done mean act In times of danger they have shown their public spirit In both the cholera epidemic and the bubonic plague epidemic the Punahou boy3 have done their share. It is the ambition of Punahou to fit our boys and girls to be useful. God-fearing men and women and useful citizens in the Ter ritory. i cannot speaK on this occasion without reference to the two vacant seats in the Board of Trustees Dr. Hyde and Chief Justice Judd. Both were pre-eminently fitted for the position of trustee of a seat of leornlng men of scholarly attainments and of a high sense of justice. Both served us long and faithfully and well. "Members of the graduating class: has been said, 'And your old men snail dream dreams and your young men shall see vision:. I d'o not" want you to be mere dreamers, however. Longfellow has asked rather Impatiently: 'Tell me not in mournful numbers. Life ia but an empty droara.' "Then he goes on to say: 'Life Is real and Life is earnest,' But I want you to dream dreams and see visions, for it is only by ideals that anything accomplished in this world. Watt had a vision of steam, Stevenson of the locomotive, Morse of the telegraph and Cyrus Field of the ocean cable." At the conclusion of the exercises. G.. Kiui'uou, In behalf of himself and at the boarding department of which he Is the president, presented Professor Hosmer with gold locket set with a diamond star one sldo and a.n engraving of Hall on the other. There will be no banquet of the alumni association, but E. 0. Hall will entertain his classmates at dinner at ' o'clock Saturday evening at his parents' home on Nuuanu avenue. CHARLES BERGER ENTERTAINED. His Departure to the ' sity of California. Mrs. William H. Freeman entertained about forty guests at apol supper las.t eyenlngln honor of Mr. Charles Berger, nephew of the late Judge H. A. Widemann, who leaves for Berkeley on the Rio to resume his studies at the University of California, where he has been for the past two years. The lanal on the makai side of the residence, which is located on College street, near Dominls, was hung with Hawaiian and other flags, completely obscuring the view from the street, and making a cool refreshment room. There were no American flags among the decorations. Tho table was trimmed in typical Hawaiian style, and the whole scene was a very harmonious blending of Hawaiian hospitality with modern customs. Most of the ladies were in full dress, as were also the gentlemen. The music was furnished by the Kawaiahao Quintet Club. The parlors were thrown open to dancers. Among those present were noticed: The Misses Young, the Misses Rooney, Mr. H. Rooney, Mr. and Mrs. H. n. Macfarlane and threo Misses Macfar-lane, Mr. and Mrs. Smithers, Miss Schmidt Mr. H. Walker. Mr. A. Walker, Dr. C. B. High, Miss King. Mr. T. King, Mr. H. Widemann, Mr. and Mrs. Carl Widemann, Mr. Lionel Hart Mr. E. Stiles, Miss Schaeffer, the Misses Scott, Miss Simpson, Miss Cartwright, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Macfarlane; and Messrs. B. McCIaln, W. Roth. H. Weight L- Scott and Bruce Cartwright Mrs. C. Berger will iollow her son to the Coast within a few weeks and may possibly make an extended star abroad. Needed to Sustain Life. Sugar and ice are luxuries to most twonle. but in Kentucky they rise to the dignity of necessities . btiouis Globe-Democrat Counting the Cost. Don't go to Cape Nome seeking gold unless you have money to pay your wav back. It is cheaper to starre here at home. New York Mall and Express. . Peace Conference Forgotten. Russia is proceeding In a cold-blooded, practical fashion, which Indicates the abandonment of all hope of settling international controversies by peace conferences. Washington Star. Hetty Green says she never made more than 5200,000 In one day, but thn Hetty Is only 63, Topeka State "The most difficult problem In life is to grow old gracefully.'" "Oh, I don't think so; it is much more of a problem to stay young gracefully." "What's the difference between a plutocrat and an aristocrat?" - "Well, an aristocrat's grandfather ias teen, dead so loag that but few 'piople remember how he made his aweey." --"OT v. f - &BK --. a. S-,, ,- Jr" as .- . - -. V..., 73. -" ? , ?.. ?. n, ." 5s. ? ( .' . .U JALARU AXD THE I0$PT0S. Do the Little Pests Disseminate the Disease. TEST TO BE 3IADE IX ITAKf IN THE WORST REGION IN THE WORLD. Two Doctors ia the British. Government Service to Risk Their laves in the Roman Campapna. Is the mosquito the great disseminator of msmrm? To settle thfe question two doctors ia the British Government service ara about to risk their lives in the Roman Campagna. That is the most region la the world. Thay are exposing themselves to ovary method of catching malaria, xnt through the mosquito bite. Against that they will be sedulously guarded. They will live among the peasants of the Camaagna ami breathe the same air hitherto thought to be deadly. If they fall to contract malaria it will, in their opinion, prove that the disease Is disseminated by tho mosquito. This theory concerning the mosquito is now held by many scientists. Tho leading exponent of it In England ia Dr. Patrick Mansoa. medical' advteer aC the Colonial Offlce and head of UHi School grflroplcal Medicine, attached to that "office. Ho has sjjaat years la India and has his theory on hte studies there. He first made the proposition to send tho two doctors out to the Campagna. Joseph Chamberlain, the Colonial Secretary, la greatly intaraK ed in the scheme, which will be of Immense Importance to the British tropical colonies. When the mosquito has boon provad to be responsible for malaria tho nxt logical step will bd a universal war on tthat pest It will thon have boon eu to be man s worst enemy. Thera ara many ways of attacking the mosquito. lU'U JJUpoKliUia IU CUlbkCK lwh curse of malaria. It desolates one-third of the earth's surface. It renders the tropics deadly to the best races of white men. Its ravages extend widely through the Southern United Statoa and Southern Europe. In India nlono 3,000.000 people die annually from malaria. If the disease could be exterminated the most fertile regions In tho world would be opened up to commerce. Industry and agriculture. Wo can therefore appreciate the Importance of the mission of the two heroic scientists who have gone out to the Campagna. They are Dr. L. W. Sam-bon and Dr. G. E. Lowe. Tho although now Jn the English service. Is an Italian, and was formerly a surgeon In the Italian army. Ho has already two medals for bravery displayed during cholera epidemics. Before starting away from London Dr. Sambon explained some of his plans. "My companion and I feel just like guinea pigs.' he said. "You know, we're going over there simply to be experimented or: we shall not be allow! to take any quinine or other precaution against lllnfeca only against mosquitoes. "We are to mix freely with the people In the Campagna, and practically all ot them have malaria. They are trying to reclaim som of the leas Infected parts of the plain, and those people are laborers. "Theyre not Italians Italians would go there but peasant from Normandy and the south of France, who coma there great strong, lusty follows, but last only a little while, dying or becoming so weak from disease that th4r have to go home. And they never gat well. "That's the worst of malaria; It comes on slowly, clings to a man, and when it finally goes leaves him open to all sorts of diseases. In Italy 2JD0QJ00 suffer from it every year. Of thuie IS.' 000 die. and this Is an enormous number, considering that we have a specific treatmert for this fever 7.75 tor every 1000 attacked. "It Is In the center of the ileleeiabfcs locality that I've described," the doctor continued, "that we shall settle In the portable, mosquito-proof house that Is now being made by a firm of ironworkers after a plan furnished by the government "It la of wood, with a roof that overhangs abont three feet to protect the windows from the suu'3 rays, the floors covered with aa inodorous felting, and the windows, doors, chimneys, ventilators and all other openings proieotad with mosquito netting made of wonderfully thin wire. The doors can bo shut twice as quickly as an ordinary door. "The house has two bedrooms, a a kitchen and a lavatory. It will be kept la order by two Italian servants that we have recruited from the neighborhood. We shall get oar water from the wells near by, boiling It to avoid dysentery water never conveys malaria. "We shall visit the people In the Campagna. and not only treat, but study them. In fact, tbey are a part of our plan. We shall be In. direct contrast to them, we taking all precau tions against mosquitoes, they none. They are full of malaria: If we escape It there 13 another point gained. Then we shall study the life hfstory of the Continued on Page 8. 4 H