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4 Vi & "UTS' s- -"" - - f ,' fc. EHE HOXOLIJLTJ REPUBLICAN, FBIDAX, JTT5E 29, 190i 'AIRCHILD'S AND L -v .. - . A. E MURPHY & GO'S -'"' , , :k"rvv j. T. i . " - "1 I 4 T -V .' -.--. .? - jftretrfo'r TS'aleH at 50 CENTS ON THE v B, ;KKRR & COMPANY, Who bought them at One-half their cost and now Public at One-half their value. CORNER FORT AND H8TEL Malaria and mosgtjitos. (Contiuued from Puge 1.) noMtuito himself, about which far too tittle i known. "Ah! tlile Is not the only string to oar bow of experiment. Cven should we coma out iu health after six mouths la that wretched place, some people might any that we had shut out some other cauee of malaria in guarding against the mosquito. So we will make Bother test "You understand, of course, that not every mosquito carries malaria; that a mosquito to he dangerous iu this way must first have bitten a malarin patient and drawn the germ from him. also that this germ goes through a certain volution la the stomach of the . quito before It is injected into another attman being. That period Is usually 30 Now. we shall get some mosquito ", gs and raise Insects Trom them. When they are fully grown 30 or 40 of ibem will be allowed to bite a ma- patent one suffering from onlya 8ild form of the disease. Then these - Insects will be fed on vegetable matter 1 the germ has been nurtured in tuir bodies, and they will bo sent by .aii to England. There is no malaria ..ore. The mosquitoes wilt arrive hungry ad will be set free in a room where i.vre will bo sleeping several student ho have beeu out of England, i those students actually show of the disease and we believe that they will In 10 days or so our argument will be proved beyond quibble. i he light form of fever that they will hlblt con easily bo cured with quinine " The Campagna is a low-lying region itretcliing between Rome and the sea. From time immemorial it has been tamed for its malaria. The very word ortfrtnated there. The deadly region begins several miles from Rome. Down to a few years ago it used to make the city Itself deadly to northern people in summer, but that is much improved now. Beneath the Campagna is an Impenetrable layer of volcanic matter, ,.nd this has held the malaria germs for iountless ages. It I? filled with stagnant pools that are fed by the mountains. MosT'of the Inhabitants live on the j&des of the mountains and come down to sow their crops in spring. When i hey come back In the autumn for the harvest they are decimated by the fever. Their eyos bulge out, their skin irons off. and thoy suffer agonies from oalarged liver. Latterly some healthy peasants from other parts of the world uave been Induced to occupy the st part of the plane by gifts of land, l Ley have suffered terribly. It will be noted In Dr. Sambon'S statement that he does not speak of tMvteeting himself .thoroughly against he mosquitoes la the daytime. According to the: scientists, the Insects that bite by day rarely or never the disease. The two doctors wilt not leave the house until two hours before sunrise and will go In an hour before sunset It has been discovered that tb&e are many kinds of mosquitoes and that all of them do not convey malaria. Dr. Ronald Ross, an English anny surgeon. Trho has been associated with Dr. Man-son in studying the pests, devoted himself particularly to the species Culex juad Anopheles, After a little study he j COMBINED , 7 at i ZX5?f&L In the Shoe Corner of Fort and Hotel Streets By their New Owners found that they could be distinguished by their heads and their limbs. He could even tell the male Culex from the female, finding that the female alono lives on blood, while the male eats nothing but vegetable food. The female Is the real enemy of the human race. The small head of the female haj a sharp, long sting. What is visible to the naked eye and is generally called the sting is really the sheath of the instrument This opens and lets the sting protrude between the two lips at the propor time. Around tins sting are from four to six little awls, which are used for extending the wound after the puncture Is made. In the male Culex the feelers, or palpi, are longer than uie proboscis, and are covered with thick, long hairs. The mosquito that has sucked the blood from a malarial patient does not hy away immediately and sting some one else, but goes into some corner or quiet place and digests the blood it has gathered. This process takes' from eight to 10 days. The mosquito, according to Dr. Ross, catches malaria first before it can transfer it Two days after thn absorption of the malarial blood small, transparent bodies appear on the outside of the mosquito's stomach. These grow larger slowly and in six or seven days crescent-shaped germs are developed within them. Then these balls burst These same crescent-shaped germs also develop inside of the mosquito's stomach, and after nine or 10 days these germs are to be found in the mosquito's salivary glands in large numbers. If at this stage this mosquito stings anyone the crescent-shaped germs pass from the Insect's salivary glands in the poison which it always injects Into its victim, and this person is Inoculated with the malaria germs. It has been ascertained that cows and sheep are subject to malaria, and here, too, is an insect (Ripicephalus but not the mosquito, which introduces and spreads the germs. Dogs and bats are also subject to malaria, though the special form of the parasite which gives it to them has not yet ueen ascertained. In November, 1SS0, the great Lave-ran found the first malaria parasites In human beings, but the Importance of his discover' was not recognized until attention was called to it by Drs. and Celll. Their study of the germ and its development cleared the way for later investigators. They found the difference Between the parasites of various similar fevers and tht true malaria. After long investigation it has been agreed upon that a malaria patient may safely live with other persons and cannot, infect them with his disease unless mosquitoes are present. The mosquito seems to be the real heme of the malaria germ, in which it develops most perfectly. The infection of man by thi germ is only an accident The germ was never intended for him. for it docs not develop so freely as In the mosquito. It is past all dispute that wherever there is malaria there are mosquitoes in large numbers. Mosquitoes pass through the stages of eggs, larvae, pupae, miuit, and in any of these it is possible to fight the pests. It Is plain, that the mosquito is both, the source and spreader of malaria, for various reasons. la the first place, the most dangerous hours are in the early morning or at twilight, when the mosquitoes swsxbi. It has also been noted that when the breese is strong, and the wosquitoes are usable to work, ma laria is leee frequent- Professor Ceili STOCKS ?? Store at the calls special attention to the fact that in Africa the same word serves for mosquito and malaria. It is mbu. Nott, an American, as long ago as 1S4S, stated that yellow fever and malarial fever are carried by mosquitoes. "In fact," says Dr. Celli, the best-known Italian authority on malaria to-day, "the only positive and direct proofs as to the spread of malaria point to the mosquito." The door by which malaria enters the human system is the skin. One and the same mosquito may infect a number of persons on the same night How shall malaria be prevented? That quinine is the proper medicine for those suffering from the disease is proved by centuries of experience. But is it not possible to eliminate the disease before it reachs mankind? The point of attack must be the mosquito. The larvae or pupae must be killed, and there will be no more malaria. Infusions of tobacco leaves or petroleum are fatal to them in a short time. Tobacco smoke kills the mosquito In two or three minutes. But to reach the mosquito in its breeding places petroleum should be used freely at any expense, and mosquitoes and malaria will be.no more. W. E. BIVENS, REAL ESTATE, STOCKS & BONDS OFFICE CORNER, KING vAND BETHEL STREETS FOR SALE. 1. Business Lot on Fort street 2. Business Lot on Beretinia street. 3. Business Lot In Chinatown. 4. New House, eight rooms, half acre grounds, near car line. Very cheap. 5. Beautiful Residence Property on Prospect street, commanding- view of th eclty. 6. Elegant House of seven rooms, large grounds, ca Lunalilo street. 7. Five-Room House, on Beretanla street S, Four Lots in Kaimuka Tract. .A bargain. On very easy terms. S.JLots near Kapahuli road, ?75 to $200 each. Easy .terms. , The Eurnitiireoi a 5-roomed Cottage. Xeat Cot4ce of S rooms. eg" ."!,-' -S- 'pS,r4. . V.?T 4-- is r st s -s?- f $1.00. s " Limited, offer them to. the STREETS THE HUO TRIBUNE W. H. SMITH, : : Editor ARCH. C. STEELE, Manager Published Every Saturday, CLEAN, RELIABLE and NEWSY . . . StTBCRilTlOX Local per year 3.50 " " This publication has the lnrgest circulation on the Island of Hawaii of anv WEEKLY NEWSPAPER, and as an Advertising" Medium is SECOND TO NONE. ALL KINDScOF Horse Furnishing Goods ON HAND. Plantation 'Orders Solicited at Living Prices. California Harness Shop, G39 King Street, Lincoln Block. Telephone 778. N 4 GAS & ELECTRIC CO., Ltd. 46 MERCHANT STREET. Boys' Waist Suits in all Sizes and .Varieties of Colors, $1.00 up. These coods are the from 10 to 20 TIEE. This Fine Seasonable J H-i ,. I i. Liamuiwwwwx'k Wonderful Bargains in Children's Clothing At the Prices that are positively the Cheapest ever offered in Honolulu. first of our New Stock since per cent, duty which we give to dur hV is a rare opportunity for the Children to bo rQclothed in Glothing very cheapl B. KUtil&GO., ftmlQRaPspaPaPaSaKiPaPsiPaPissairsepaiTasj j ONE OF THE BEST 3 Z 3 3 Places to get Groceries is at SALTER & WAITT! h We have just received a fresh lot of Fancy j 73 g and Staple Groceries which we invite you to inspect. 2?!3sfa;ss)aipaJ3lJ!aBBj!ajBt?3,li!a,s,tS!53J!Jsa AILEY'S IKE ITS 5 3 3 3 3 I; ! i: . t 3 3 3 3 Telephone 680. 3 3 3 TELEPHONE 398 P. O. BOX 441 ON RDBBB GOODS. Wright's Hack Tires at American prices workmen and guaranteed. New outfits with for Use. : i-3 40 00 45 00 - 55 00 -, 65 00 "5 00 W0RN.0UT RUBBER. 2 front do. 2 rear do. 17 W 3 19 CO 21 00 23 CO . 23 00 25 00 26 00 2S 00 3100 33 00 MODELS BICYCLES ON BICYCiES. ; : - ; $50 00 : ::,-'": 40 00 : : g V ; . :- 30 00 : : :, ? -- ": 60 OO .- - : ; : 75 00 NO DUTY NOW Therefore we shall sell Morgan & as follows, put in by experienced, steel channel? put on and painted ready inch, per set of four wheeL; 1 inch, per set of four wheels li inch, per set of four wheels Ir inch, per set of four wheels If inch, per set of four wheels REPLACING Per set of 4 wheels. I inch 3 SO OCT 1 inch -,- 3S0O Uinch 41 QO IHncb. 4SC0 lfinch oSOO 1900 STEARNS NO DUTY NOW cash Stearas Special : : Models A : : Stearns Tourist : : Stearns Cushion Erame - Stearns Cliainless, "ISOO HEABQUABTERS FOR iilLWATJKEE PATENT PUNCTITRE PROOF TIRES AT BAILEY'S HONOLULU CYCLERY COMPANY, Ltd, 228 and 231 King Street "V, 3 - 3 . HVd tin'4w . "t j " $ y c jj$; . Youths' Suits and Jackets and Pants in Nobby and Stylish Cut, perfect finish, $1.50 up,... the chnn'se of Tariff saving 1...H pc mJin)HJH'i'Humin I Iw lit aiiniDUfl CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER Jo'oWng Promptly Attended to WESTERN INS. EO. CAPITAL $2,000,000.t., J. H. FISHER, Agent Hawaiian Islands. FIE ASSDGIATION OP PHILADELPHIA ASSETS $6,4S0,8g:j..8 J. H. FISHER, Agent Hawaiian Islands. Searcher op Records 99" Oac Oppostw W. O. IJOTIX i Co. Abstracts and Gorticates of T.tre Carefully Prepared Money to Loan on Real Estate Secarltv Hawaiian Ballasting Co. NO. 16, QUEEN ST. H. I EVANS, MANAGER. Foundation Stone, Curbing, Black and White Sand, AND Soil of all Description for Sale. SDrays for Hire.