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'lMMWWWaAirt MitMk'm " Aikli1'iiiilpiiil,rMlMi1Paijiiab&waawi " 41 f . OA A" -a ( VSC& AV - THE HONOLTFLU BEPUBLiai siTURDAT; JX5ET 7, 1200, - ROOSEVELT WAS .0EATED. Inside History of the National Convention. AMTHESG TO BEAT KAaXV POPULARITY OP KEW YOP-KEP. PI.AYED TFPOX BY POLITICIANS. Saaater Wakxtttfs Reference to the "Terrftwry of Hawaii in hi8 ' Address as Temporary Chairman. &U. Comspowteace of The Re- tr pabtfeaa.) '. JMKLDKLPHJA, Jane SI. The TTtMlmifil Republican Convention has Com to ax and after aa exciting g! tada three days. 4 the ticket ytaeed In aonl&aUon U Meivinley and Hootnlt. National conreutions do IMC wily have a tvtm oVor the se;-ad pce upon tb ticket, but this one H4, and here is the story about it: Away back several aumthR ago there vm a great 4ml ot talk about Governor ItooseveK of New York, the man WMf ted the Rough Riders in the war j4ik Attain, as McKiniey running iBats. Roosevelt declined as soon as Use subject was mentioned. That in Albany Hut winter. For a ' Use the talk subsided, and then it sprang tq agala. Roosevelt then came to Washington and had a talk with PrwrMent McKiniey about it. After that talk ae asain annonoced that he would not be a candidate for Vice-President, A4 that appeared to settle the whole iiWltiW. After that the adminirtration sel about picking out a candidate. John of Massachusetts, the present Secretary of the Navy, wa decided span by McKiniey, Hanna and the otter blc Republicans. Representative Ddilirer of Iowa gentleman with an afttoundla command of lnngusge and iakas hart a boom of his own, which Goneral Grosvenor of Ohio helped J along. Irving M. Scott of San "the man who built the Oregon," had a little boom, and rorao big RopMbllcans holpeil that along somewhat. But the real administration candidate, who was to be sprung upon the convention at the proper time, was John DavIb Long of Massachusetts, and Mr. Long said in three interviews that ho would accept the nomination if the Republicans saw fit to give it to him. That was the way things stood when tfae.ooHventlon began to get into Roosevelt came down from Albany. lie wore an old suit of clothes, a Rough Rider hat. and the delegations from all the States began to got over him. They yelled whenever he appeared lu public. Tim the Lieutenant-Governor ot New York, cane along, also, and ho was a candidate for Vice-President, but everybody regarded that as a big joka SonRtor Hauua of Ohio came lero for Long, of course. Former Senator Quay of Peunsyh'auia came hero to makt trouble for Hanna. becauso Hanna voted against seating Quay in the Senate last winter. Senator PJatt of New York came here to get out of New York Stale politics If possible becauso he is a mighty hard man to handle. So it happened that after a while It was found that Hanna was foi Ixing and ho was most especially against Roosevelt while 11 j It and Quay were for Roosevelt, because that was making trouble for Hanna. Tho game began that way aud there was trouble and excitement from the start Roosevelt again and again said that ho would not take tho he wanted to be Governor of Now York another term. Hanna stuck to it that Long was tlu man, and Anally shifted over a lit le toward Scott of California when he found thr.t Long could not beat Roosevlt. Meanwhile, the convention was getting more and more enthusiastic for Roosevelt They were bound that he would be nominated. "When he appeared in the convention all business was stopped by tho cheering. This enthusiasm to mako a long suortr finally got such headway ' that yesterday afternoon this thing became apparent to Senator Hanna: Tiat a the convention loaders would not .permit the nomination cf Theodore J Roosevelt of ew York for iluut the convention Itself, headed by the Cftlifornians, would piarc him iu nomination for President of the United Slates. That was a business threat ?nybody could understand, and the worst of il was that the thing could be done with ease. Senator Hanna backed down, announced that Roosevelt was the choice of the convention for Vice-President consequently the choice of the administration and so the ticket nominated to-day was McKiniey and Roosevelt That is the plain story of what happened, told about in a plain way and with no regard for party feeling. Aside from this fight, which did tho Republican party good, since It was settled on the spot the convention was enthusi as tic. i nere were fine speeches all around, and the platform was satisfactory. Senator Wolcott of Colorado, the temporary chairman ot the convention, made a ringing speech, and in it he made this reference to Hawaii? "For half a century the llcwallan -Islands, a menace to the long line cf coast which skirts cur Pacific- slope, have been knocking for admission as part of our territory, and during that Deriod the publicly expressed opinion of both political parties favored their annexation. Four times have tbey been ; occupied by European powers, and a often have we compelled their abandonment because it was essential thttt they should never be occupied "by any foreign power. Finally, after years of misgovernment by native rulers, the Kallant descendants ot American - chants id missionaries mad profftr ; 1 der oar flag and dominion. A DenwH cratlc President repudiated the offhand sought to assist la restoring the former corrnpt and oppressive rater. It was left for this administration to I make then a part of American lory. They axe an the way to our Is!-, ands In the Southern seas; every of self -protection sfeoeld have prompted our quick acceptance of their sovereignty, and yet they were acquired i in p!te of the bitter opposition of il-! ' most every Democrat In Congress. j 1 here were other refereaoes to Ki- ' j wail, and all of them were greeted j with cheers. t The Hawaiian delegation here wns j nary furnaces. "Water Li cotni csed of Interesting to the convention. It was hydrogen and oxygen in combination. treated with rather scant considers- ; These two Inflammable gases, which tioa, maybe, by the convention man- combined, form water, may be bat that was through oversight. I dated at a temperature of about 2200 When the convention men the two ! F. Water begins to decompose at delegates admitted as such Colonel ' about 1SO0 F., but only to a very Parker and Judge Kepoikai ! Ited extent, beginning at 21S2 F. If, had -good seats, but there was no ban- therefore, the Initial temperature of -k -,! I nd 1aw am- mv Tthln ner to tell where they came from. This was righted later, and a big banner was stretched in the hall, bearing the worJ. Hawaii. E. S. L. SYNDICATE MAY BTJY IirLnJOKAIiAMTS CIiAIM Visit of a Iondon Banker to This City Gives Else to P.umors. SAN FRANCISCO, June 25. A a banker and capitalist of London, who has been at the Palace Hotel for several days, was former Hawaiian Minister to the Court of St James during the reign of the late iving He c2me here from the East it is said, with a proposition from an English syndicate to buy up the crown land claims of ex-Queen Liliuokalani, wnich are still pending at "Washington. This proposed syndicate deal is the result of a close study of the dethroned Queen's claims and a belief mat her demands are just and will meet with the approval of the Government Mr. Hoffnung has never visited the Islands, but was appointed to the position of Minister by Kalakaua on the occasion of his late Majesty's first visit to London more than twenty years ago. He assisted materially in floating the first Hawaiian loan in London, a part of which has been assumed by this Government since annexation. Yesterday Mr. Hoffnung left for New York and will soon sail for London. UTILITY OF BAGASSE FUEL. INTERESTING COTiTaTENTS BY LOUISIANA PLANTER. Some of the Details of Recent by tho Supar Association. The Louisiana Planter has published some Interesting supplemental comments upon the utilization of bagasse as fuel which subject was very fully discussed in the Louisiana Sugar Planters' Association. The following are the Planters' comments: "We desireT however, to bring out some of the more salient po'nls of th-discussion. Three of these were quite conspicuous. Mr. R. G. Comeaux adverted to the fact that he had used directly under the boilers in place of coal and had done this without any drying process other than the degree of dryness obtained by reasonably good extraction and at times a delay of a few hours between the time that the p bagasse was produced and the time that It was burned under tho boilers. It is a well-known fact that for 200 years sugars have been made in the tropics with no other fuel than the of the cane used in sugar-making. It has hitherto been necessary, however, to dry this bagasse in the sun, in order to make it a desirable fuel, and the amount of labor requisite to carry the bagasse out to the drying places and to return It to the furnaces has always been so great as to lead to earnest efforts to invent apparatuses that should burn the bagasse as It came directly from the mills. "In the tropics the dry bagasse was for many years, and in most cases is still, fed into the furnaces just as we do, or as coal would be fed into the same furnaces. It Is consumed on grate bars and tilrectly under open trains, where tho cane juice is thus boiled, or directly under the steam boilers where steam Is used for evaporation, and also under the steam boilers that drive the mill engines. "Mr. Comeaux has found that he could burn bagasse in this way with what seemed to be a complete success, but his work of this kind was generally done when his sugar house was not In full operation. His conclusions, based i upon ms own uiyuneucv, ci -"-; bagasse could be successfully burned in i the furnaces found ordinarily under boilers by feeding It in even:y ever the grate bars as other fuel would be fed. "The next point brought out as we think with striking clearness, by Mr. E. L. Stream, was the value cl external furnaces for burning bagasse rather than to have them directly under the boilers. These external furnaces, known generally as Dutch ovens, have been used for more than half a i tury everywhere in burning refractor fuels. A .half a century ago the or air furnaces were almost exclusively used for melUng iron. Cast Iron melts at about 3500 F. It is well known that the Interior of oar bagasse furnaces becomes coated with glass, or meuea suica, me sanu 01 ia sugar cane making ys glassy coating which requires a temperature of about 2300 F. Mr. Stream, la building the bagasse furnaces at the Graercy central sugar 1 aouse, uuut taem wita lower crowns than usual, the arch, we thinlc, stand-lag about 4"4 feet above the lovel of the grate bars. As proven by the air furnace melting iron, and by the bagasse furnace melUng or producing glass. these high temperatures can be reached in such, furnaces, but they must be ex- ternal to the boilers and made with arches ef refractory waterial, Hy arerkk. . "In the burning of bagasse, sawdust, and ian bark, to which these furnaces have been; adapted, there is rarely lees I than 50 per cent of water In the fuel j usuh warned, nnvu uihs iuri n a low initial temperature, F ' oc bright" fuel Is evaporated, and, pa.ias oC to the chimney; tie fuel In its tarn, is consumed, bat the large amount of the f vapor of water passing off carries away j with It a large amount of the heat i evolved, and the nseful effect of the Is thereby very largsiy diminished. "The problem, therefore. Is to dis pose of the water In these refractory I feels without Industrial loss, and It was found In practice long before the theory was dednced, that .vile an ex ternal furnace and high initial heat, such fuels could be success! aly utilized when success was Impossible In f the furnace can be kept above 2200 F., or up to a white heat, the water con tained In the bagasse Is decomposed, and in Its new combinations with the carbon of the bagasse it will evolve as much as was consumed In the i tioa and In. this way the water in the fuel can be disposed of without Industrial loss, a fact that led Professor Silliman of Yale College, many years ago, to say that under proper furnace 1 conditions, wet fuel was netter tnan dry. This may have seemed a little extravagant but at the same time our inventors were .endeavoring to plan L mechanisms for the burning of- water. believing that they had arrivfd at conclusions that would work Industrial revolutions In that direction. Our experience is to-day that it is somewhat difficult to maintain the necessarily very high initial temperature In our furnaces, and that wi.n us dry bagasse always burns better than wet Mr. Stream, in the lowering of the arch of his bagasse furnaces seems to have made a move in the right direction. Fifteen or twenty years ago there was i quite a disposition in this Stat2 to place the bagasse furnaces directly under ' the boilers, the immediate impact of t the flames against the bottom of the boilers being then thought to produce the best results. More recent'y the external furnace, or Dutch oven furnace, is coming Into higher esteem, and we believe that It to-day is generally preferred. "The third point hrought out in the discussion before the Planters Association last week that we have referred to, was that of the distribution of the bagasse over the grate surface of the furnaces. Mr. Comeaux seems to have thought tha. he could effect this satisfactorily by hand feeding, and that when he fed by hand he had no trouble in maintaining an ample supply of steam for the work that he had in hand. The bagasse furnaces in use In Louisiana generally are fed automatically, and while grate bars are now in general use, there is ordinarily but one hopper over each furnace, and the bagasse falling on the grates is apt to accumulate in piles, unless the furnaces are intensely hot and the kept consumed out of the way all the time. As Mr. Fisher said in his paper, if the best fuel that we have, bituminous coal, were fed automatically into our boiler furnaces, regardless of the quantity on the grate bars, and In high piles not cover ing the grate surface, we should lose -i very large part of the value of s.ueh fuel. This conclusion is tertainly a true one. To remedy that difficulty Mr. Fisher has a special mechanical device for the distribution of the bagasse over the entire grate surface of the furnace. Even with his device he might still labor under the difficulty of having aa excess of fuel in the furnace, but he believes and seems to have substantiated, that he can spread the bagasse evenly over the entire furnace, thus facilitating an even combustion, pre- venting the access of unnecessarily cold air and producing suca conditions as are everywhere recognized as essential to good combustion. Some years ago a Pittsburg inventor came to New Orleans for the purpose of exploiting a furnace in which he would distribute the bagasse more thoroughly by having our ordinary brick furnaces with i number of hopper holes on the top, say six or eight, through which the should be fed to the various parts of the furnace as it might seem to be needed. These hoppers, or openings, were covered with tight iron lids, and as the draft would ordinarily be inward, there was not much danger of fire, and the top house being built of iron, this plan of feeding, it was thought, could be accomplished with safety. Interest in bagasse burning at that time was not so great as at present, and the inventor of that plan,, which he said had been successfully-tested in Cuba, did not secure any patrons In Louisiana, so far as we learned. "Reverting, then, to the three points brought out in the recent meeting, viz., Mr. Comeaux's insistence on the careful distribution of the bagasse over the grate surface, Mr. Stream's insistence on the development of high initial heat by low crown fire arches external to the boilers, and .Mr. Fisher's claim that his device will successrully distribute the incoming bagasse whole grate surface without any injurious or unpleasant conditions, we may conclude that considerable light aas again been thrown upon this somer what ditncult suoject ana taat au our readers who are interested in bagasse burning would do well orobably to again read the interesting papers read at the meeing of the Planters Association, which were published in our last issue." Good Medicine for Children If you have a baby In the house you will wish to know the best way to check any unusual looseness of the bowels, or diarrhoea so common to small children. O. P. M. Holliday, of Demlng, Ind who has an 11-months-old child, sayst "Through, the months of jane and jjy our j. teetji ing and took a running off of the bowels and sickness of the stomach. His bowels would move from five to eight times a. day, I had a bottle of Cham- berlaWs Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea. Remedy In the houseand gave him four drops la a teaspconful of water, and 1st got better at once. For sale by all dealers and druggists. Benson, Smith & Co., general agents, Hawaiian Territory. 1 ' NOTICE. m W. ATJBTOT WHTEIXCh has re- Jumsd th general practice of law awl takefii tbeXlawoatees of Hon.. A. S. Bumphre;; oocaer of Belhel audi" -. S5g5S5$35$55S3f4i5. ! -?'. 't ? I 3r 1 S s THIS I 3: I 1 .. ..Jij IS RESERVED. i" t ' 's - at' I rv I - tr7jfk'tt' Just 75 Good Access From Nuuanu Avenue. A a- ""v - &sf .. With Fine View. A Chance for a Home -. - - ";-: y Appi3i04fr; J. 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Anti-Caloric Boiler Blocks, Anti-Caloric Covering. PACIFIC AMMONLV. & CHEMICAL CO. JODSON DYNAMITE & POWDER CO. MEESE & GOTTFRIED CO. LINDE ICE MACHINE. Office, Telephone 613. Read The Honolulu Republican. i,, - - ! & ' 1 1 1 1 K ri . CHEAP! 0CHMACK, -- r '- t aai. -4 25 TV .--V T v - ' f -x! .." w ... . --.. syp Twr. iA ,? 4 .. S COLD LUSCIOUS FOR JUDD BUILDING P. 0. Box 450 zj? VtV S &W3T& tTi 4, yTt -- 223 Merchant Street.