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l 5t" v - a M IflfUjiWifliC: 49 'social THE HONOLULU REPU BLICAN 4 n YOLTJIFE J, KO. 40 HONOLULU, H. T., SUNDAY; JULY 23, 1900. PRICE ITYE CENTS 0 PUGOE IK PUD; Up PLT HTIfE GIH. Superstition of Some Hawaiians Wholly Unwarranted. HO er?ERN&TURAL INFLUENCE. EAHUNA PASSED AWAY IX HAWAII WITH OTHER EFFETE IDEAS. Sbuaxlant Produced From Ti Plant Rot Has Demoralizing- Effect on the Human System. a paf stricken Patolo valley one of tin garden spots of this Island' Tfcta filer is on of tbe most beautiful In t Islands, and according to Sanitary laapector McVeigh and Dr Pratt of tbe Board of Health. It is an total place In which to live. It is between -WO and 500 feet above the sn levat; the small settlement is located on the slope of a hill, affording ample drataace. The water supply is derived XMjM a burse spring, located at a elevation and three-quarters of a mile abort- the settlement. There Is no sewerage, of course, bat the has not been htrg ami the awful death rate of the place could not be accounted for by reason of sewage or saaaaltarr conditions. Despite this, eight deaths have occurred 1h that valley Mince June 4 and tap entire valley is now depopulated. Everyone has fled thence, and heo the subject is mentioned to the average nsUve. he holds up his hand Jn horror and says kahuna which, being Interpreted, means witchcraft. And little blame to him. with his light. Human instinct, when reinforced by local customs anil contemporaneous beliefs, and upheld by actual statutory laws taking cognizance of such oxcuselesa superstitions, will long linger In the mind, even after yrara of better teaching. Tha eight men that have fallen in thJMun&xnlalned epidemic in fair liavo died from natural and nut supernatural causes. Despite the fact that, the antoney phraicians are somewhat at sea as to onuses, it is quite certain that undue quantities of native gin had more to do with these .IHth8 than kahunaism. The day by wiichcraft and praying people to death lias MSttd away wltli other obsolete matters lu Hawaii. Tho peculiar fatality of the disease In Palolo valley Is attracting unusual .mention, but there Is nothing supernatural about It- Tho laws of nature be violate I with impunity. There must be cesspools for sewage, and stagnant taro beds are not conducive to good health. The last J'alolo victim was a native, ige4 43 years. He came eighth in the " .r"i An autopsy, and a critical one, v! ' on his remains. Dr. Pratt, who asslb1 ,n Ul aulonsy' n Republican reporter yesterday that Kane died from ni1 cm,f eS t'lt' of the myocarditis, an' Inhumation membrane of the heart But other things were the matter with Kan". According to Dr. Pratt, he had a slight pneumonia; pus was found lu his he suffered with syphilis Jn "s advanced stage, and nearly all of his organs were affected. These are physical conditions, in the face of which the unhallowed and superstitious faith in kahuna must fall. Neither black dog. white pis or red rooster with white tail feather, offered In sacrifice to Pelo, cotild have saved his life. As with Kane, so with the rat. Here Is the story of these deaths 35 told by the records of the Health De-jwrtraont: Juno 4 A girl; cause of death, nephritis (disease of the kid- '). June 10 A male native. vhe dipd of alcoholism. Juns ai A male. 24 years old, part Hawaiian, died of sclrrhosis of the liver and nephritis. July 9 A native male, 63 years of age; cause of death, fatty degeneration of the heart. July 6 A native male, aged IS: disease. Uphold fever. July isWife of foregone. a native, aged IS; typhoid -fever. July Is Native male, aged 8$: cause or tteatfe. nephritis. Jiy II Kane, the eighth victim, a native, aged 46; myocarditis, as already noted. An analysis of these causes of death vosfet to tapinin the origin of the so-called plague. TP the average mind this would be simple, even If the made by The Republican, had not definitely determined the in-citing caused. Of the eight deaths, everv one is attributable to inflammatory "causes, as follows- Alcoholism. 1: scirrhosls. 1: nephritis. 2: heart trouble, t; jyphold symptoms. 2. Gin is productive of all these, and excessive Indulgence in that native product okolohao Is undoubtedly the cause, of all the deaths thus far reported from Palolo valley. There hss been a tremendous drinfclmr ot this native beverage, ulstllled from tho roots of the ti plant- These roots are gathered, roasted la ovens, then macerated Between rocks. It is later steeped in a barrel, a large tin bucket or a valabash and allowed to remain there until fermentation has well advanced. Whenever the proper point of ferment has been reached the mass Is boiled, after the ordinary manner of distillation, the rising vapor being drawn off lx a. bottle. That's ihe native gin. all the clearness pf color and other qualities of Holland gin. The onlv difference Is that its intoxicating qualities are iach greater. The stomachs, kidneys, livers and hearts of some natives may be 'copper- bottom ed" or "copper-riveted. but those of Palolo valler clearly were not Hob-nailed livers a more common term for sclrrhosis of the liver is a common ailment of gin drinkers the world over. So are diseased kidneys, weak and degenerated hearts, and heavy drinkers are specially prone to diseases simulating typhoid symptoms and pneumonia. The undue In diligence of gin will account for every death In "the Palolo plague. The Board of Health and the sanitary inspectors have done more thsc their duty The sanitary conditions are all right. The autopsies have leen carefully made, but the health authorities cannot regulate what men and women shall eat and drink. Food In spector Shorey is analyzing the stomach of Kane, and will report thereon later, though his facilities and apparatus are wholly inadequate. Meantime the Collector of Internal Revenue may come to the assistance of the Board of Health and reduce the death rate. Uncle Sam has serious objections to the establishment of Illicit distilleries. . Remembered Mr. Hassinger. The clerks and attaches of the former Interior department made a handsome presentation to John A. Hassinzer, who retired from the office of chief clerk on June 14. Tho token was a Hawaiian rovnl coat of arms watch charm, with the following iu?cription on the back: "John A. Hassinger, with aloha from clerks of Interior Department. June 14, 1900." Accompanying the gift was an nddress eulogistic of the retiring officer and his eminent services and expressing deep regret at the sundering of pleasant tios. ANTONE RflDRIOUES ESTATE. JUDGE IIUMPITRETS RENDERS DECISION IN THE.CASE. The Lato Antone Rosa Declared to Be Remiss in His Duties As Guardian. Judge Humphreys has rendered a de- ohdon in the estate of Antone He iluds that the late Antone Rosa, executor and guardian, was remiss in his duties and violated his obligations. Tho ciuoludhig portion of the ic ns follows: "jt'he e .ecutor will in this case, therefore, stnud chnrged with the balance shown to 1)0 due to the estate as of the date of filing his accounts, with interest thereon at the rate of fi per cent per annum until date; he will be charged with interest at legal rates upon the $0U) principal from the date of his appointment to date; he will bo countercharged with the commissions with which lie has credited himself; he will be charged with the sum of $85 counsel fees with which he has credited himself in probating this estate, tho testimony showing that his of the estate has been a" positive detriment to it rather than good; he will also stand charged with the items embraced in each and every one of the exceptions; a master's fee fixed at 50, and all tho costs of this court." J. Alfred Magoon for movants; Andrews for respondent. OFFICERS OF THE GEIER DELIGHTFULLY ENTERTAINED. Frontinent Members of Local Firm Show Them Many Attentions. Paul Ise.ulH.Tg and and other eiit members of the firm of H. A Co., psteuded the proverbial hospitality of Hawaii to tho officers of S. yi. S. Geier yesterday. The visiting sailors where shown ever; attention. They were taken to the Pafi, whre they expressed wonder, amazement and delight nt the panorama which suddenly burst upon their view After iha Pali trip they went to where they "jere entertained at luncheon. Over many bujjipers of sparkljng wine, recollections of the fat herhuid were recalled,audGermMiy"s great future as a commercial nation uud maritime ower discussed. Kommaudant Koweltou Kapitan Peters cxpresssed much pleasure at the cordial manner in which he and associates were received. He was also highly pleased with the beauties of Honolulu mh! its surroundings. To-morrow Secretary Cooper will pay his retspeel tp the Kommandaut ami officers of the ship. Rapid Transit to Waikiki. It is said tho Sapid Transit Company will go to Waikiki by an extension of Queen street, niunlng parallel to the beach road, but avoiding it. Thi-: would save si popular boulevard and open up a new section of the city. Brock Wins. The qutiiterriuile race between Brock and Shenandoah at K&tMOl&n; track yesterday was won easily by Brock in seconds. The pnrso was? fciod a side nnd about $30UO changed hands ou the resultl 4 . Arrested Again. Fisher, who was the first of last week for eelliug liquor without a license, was again arrested last evening. As this is the second olTeuse, and the officers claim they have a good ease against him, it is believed a severe penalty will be imposed- 4 Opening of Streets. Vineyard street extension has been from the stream to Liliha street. Practically a few days work this will do it. 1K..1M... ff if nrutn 1 Tvincr mPiki' lama- On both quick work tos done, - " 1CUIC PHENOMENA minim That is the Opinion of Weather Observer Lyons. RAIN OB ERUPTIONS TO GOME. EARTHQUAKES IN MAUI AND HAWAII GIVE WARNING OF TROUBLE. The Local Savant Combats French Astronomer Flammarion's Theory About Sun - Spots. Great troubles never come singly. It is a trite, but true, maxim. America is plunged into serious complications with China, which, possibly, may sever her friendly relations with European powers; Hawaii Is greatly disturbed over labor problems. But this is not all volcanic phenomena menaces the Territory; so says Weather Observer Curtis J. Lyons. "In my judgment this hot weather will be followed by rain or volcanic phenomena. They have had several earthquake shocks in Hawaii ani Haul," said Observer Lyons to a Republican reporter yesterday. "The weather," continued the speaker, "for June and July has been unusually hot. It has -been from oue to two degrees hotterduring these months than for the same period in previous seasons in eighteen jears, or since I have taken weather observations. "The rainfall for the month has been a little more than two-thirds of the normal. The rainfall for twelve months previous to July 1 was "0. !." inches. The normal would be 33 inches. I expect more, rain, a plenteous downpour, witliin the next few weeks. "I am aware that the French astronomer, Camille Flammarion, attributes the excessive heat that is being felt ail over the world to the solar spots discovered on the "sun in June last. The spots, he states, are 44,000 miles in diameter. He declares that the eruptions show additional coal in the machinery of the gun, and that great heat will prevail during August. "While I have no facilities for studying the surface of the sun, I am inclined to the belief mat this is not thj proper time for pronounced, or unusually large spots, to appear on the sun. This is the season of minimum sun spots. "But admitting that 44,000 mlleo in diameter on the sun are covered with spots. I cannot sanction the theory advanced by the French savant that these solar splotches are responsible for the intense heat prevailing over the greater part of the world. I believe the more spots that appear on the orb of day the cooler it should be on tliis planet. Is It hot when the sun !s In eclipse? Certainly not. I am inclined to my original theory, published in The Republican, that the hot weather Is due to a hot wave at the equator. "To-day has been the hottest in July. The thermometer has been up to SS degrees. Last month the hottest day was SS degrees. "But Hawaii isn't the only place that has been hot during the month. It has been extremely hot In New York. Boston, Philadelphia and London. In London on July IS the mercury indicated S5 degrees In the shade. The hospitals were busy caring for victims of heat prostration. Nine fatal cases were reported. Laborers were obliged to knock off work during the hottest hours of the day. "In New York on the same day tne hot weather caused or contributed toward the death of more than seventr people In the city and vicinity. As many more st". ken ones were In tae hospitals. Mort" han half the were among h, es and little children, and there wc.j -bout forty bodies ot the little once i; iug at the Morgue at Bellevue." of Harmony Lodge. The members of Harmony LoJge, o. 3, L O. O. T-, are reminded that a regular meeting of the lodge will be held on tomorrow Monday evening, July SO, l&tf. at 7-SG o'clock. A visitation of the Daughters of is promised and a large attendance is desired. Visiting brethren and Daughters of Rebekah are cordially in vited to attend on this occasion. L. H. DEE, Noble Grand. E.B. HENDRY, Secretary. N A Fine Nuuanu VaUey Apple. In the show window of the Hawaiian New Cempany, on Merchant street, a very handsome and perfect apple is on exhibition aiid is attracting much attention. It was grown at "Luakaha, Nuuanu valley, and is illustrative of what can be done here in this line. ODD FELLOW VISITATION. Lodges of Rebekah to Visit Harmony Lodge Tomorrow Night. e Harmony Lodge, No. S, L O.O. F, will have a gala time tomorrow evening. Daring the evening, as soon as the order for the consideration ot the "good of the orderr Is reached, the two lodges of Daughters ot d?elkah will te announced and received 'in f rater- nsl visitation TKft nmainn will Vw Ann fif th m(Kt important, a it will be one oLthe most ' . 'Y pleasing, the order has ever had inlTlir UtUII ITiTlftfcf Honolulu. There is a close bond of' UK If t! ifHiII feUowsbip between these orders, both , IllL flJtlflL UilllUn of which really carry into the world, . and practically exemplify the doctrine t of Father Wildey, which may be summed np in the motto friendship, love and truth. VIsitinc Odd Fello-vs and Daughter? of Kebekah an? cordially Invited to attend this extraordinary meeting. HAD A CLOSE CALL. Paul Experienca With a Frightened Horse. Paul I.enberg bad a narrow escape from serious injnry on Friday afternoon. He was coming along Hotel street near Alakea when his horse suddenly shied at the steam roller. The animal made a wide circle ami landed n.wjn the sidewalk of the Masonic overturning the rig.and throwing Mr. Iseuberg to the ground. The horse then ran, but was caught . the hackstand at the corner of Hotel and Richards streets. Mr. isenLerg, alio was not injured, walked down to where his rig was and.'getting iu, drove off. none the worsj. for his tumble- Portland Chinese Condemn Boxers. PORTLAND reo, July IS.-The Chinese merchants of Portlnud he Id a meeting this afternoon, at which the following resolution was adapted; "Resolved, That the Chinese citi sens of Portland, Ore., coudemu and disapprove the awful outrages ated o 1 peaceful foreigners iu Ciiina by the u .urper Prince Tnnn and his hordes of B jxers." mwMM in ceiciso. EANNA SECURES ROOMS FOR REPUBLICAN COHMTTTEE. Great Fight to Be ilaUa in Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin anil Hichipau. CHICAGO, July IS Senator Hanna. chairman of the Republican National Committee, paid his first visit of the campaign to Chicago to-day. He arrived on the early train from Cleveland aid took breakfast at the Auditorium Annex, where he found a-host of politicians of all degrees' of importance waiting to see him and offer and obtain a lvice about the political, fight which Chairman Hanna is preparing to direct. The chairman spent the day in the company of National Committeemen Stewart of Illinois and Payne of and Kerens of MispourLIookIng for campaign headquarters. It was 9 o'clock to-night before they c'osed a contract, and when the act was made possession of forty rooms was transferred to the e for use until either McKinley or Cryan is elected. The quarters comprise the apartment building on Congress street, adjoining the headquarters of Chairman Babcock's Nationnl Congressional Committee, suits in the Auditorium Annex adjoining and more rooms in residence buildings on Michigan avenue, south of and adjoining the Annex. The campaign will begin as snon as the National Committee can get the rooms in shape. The bargain .as made in time to enable Senator Hanna to leave for home to-night. I rom Cleveland he will go to Elberon. 2i. J. where he will stay a month with Lis family, returning to the Chicago headquarters about .September 1. Senator Hanna resolutely declined to discuss any political question. "I am here for but one day," said he, "andv that will be a working day. Tho first thing to do is to select suitable headquarters for the National Committee, and when that is done I shall go back home. No, there is no use asking me anything about the campaign nor about any public question. I have nothing to say at all. You must give us time to find a place for headquarters." Senator Hanna is in good health, although rheumatism compels him to carry a cane. It is not definitely known that he will give as much attention to the campaign as'he did in 1S9C, but h will divide his time between Chicago and New York headquarters and be considered the general of the campaign. Vice-Chairman Payne will bo in Chicago all the time after the headquarters are opened. Messrs. to Payne. Stewart, Kerens, New and Secretary Heath will do most of the work here. While no tised program has been made yet, tho opinion prevails that f.om the Chicago headquarters a great effort will be put forth to Insure Republican success in Illinois. Indiani. Wisconsin and Michigan, as the Democrats intend to concentrate their energies on earrying.these States. All the committeemen here to-day declared the Republicans have a better chance to v.in in these four States this year than they had in 1&6. STRTKE AT LTHUE. Japanese Laborers Demand More Money. The Japanese laborers ou Kanai are at it again. On Wednesday the !?0 laborers on Lihue plantation struck for more wages. They Temained idle until Friday, when they were told to either return to work or leave the plantation. The court will be asked to direct Sheriff Rice to remove the strikers unless they return to work by Monday Peace Reign Again. "Sweet Emily" and her husband appeared in the Police Coort yesterday morning to have Judge Wilcox fix, up some little family jar that had occurred the dar before. He adjusted the diffi culty amicably, and Emily took her spouse and went noine in a better temper tnan wnen sne appeareu oeiore the Judge and wanted ta, swear to s complaint sgaxnst hfeRspouse. C IT. aUIfl fifllliy Iirnr nil I nrSifn lifnr liainniii iiaiiai Pearl Harbor No Longer Needful to the Government. TO INCLOSE NAM RESERVATION. RICHARD STREET PARK TO BE BUILT UP AND BEAU-, TIFIED. Plenty of Room for Machine Shops, Dry Docks, Coal Bunkers and Ample Wharfage. "No," said a gentleman closely identified with United States naval matters yesterday, "the naval station here in Honolulu will not be speedily abandoned, and I fear the people now living will not see the day when this section of the city will be given over to use as a public park. Of course, all this reservation, aggregating eight and one-half acres, will be improved, that Is the plan and policy of the Government everywhere. "For instance." continued the gentleman, pointing to the roadway, "Allen street will be continued along our front there the sawall throughout our grounds, ninety-two feet wide. That will make a nice thoroughfare. Then, too. the coral will all be graded, covered with loam and Improved. 3S we have started to do right In front of the office here. "While all of this will be doner thsre is little doubt that the example set at other naval stations will have to be copied here to inclose the entire reservation with a substantial fence. I think I violate no confidence when I say that this has been definitely decided upon. The fence will be extended so as to include the coal sheds across the street' and all the ground owned by the Government here. Such a course is absolutely necessary to the protection of public property and for the safe and expeditious handling of the Government's business. The war in China will make this station infinitely more important than It has been, and will impel the prompt carrying out of all the projected Improvements here. "But what of Pearl Harbor?" suggested the reporter. "I fear it will be many a day before the Government will do much work S -& & 5 HE I. S. STEAMER m The Iroquois, Charles F. Pond, lieutenant-commander. U. S. N.. is safe at the Midway Islands, where the officers and crew are engaged in surveying. Ail hands are well, there have been no casualties and Lieutenant Pond expects to be back in Honolulu from August 10 to August 15. This welcome news was received by The Republican through the eouitesy of Captain Merry, In charge of the naval station at Honolulu. It appears that the China, Captain Seabury. spoke the Iroquois, found all well, and the special surveying work, in which she I engaged, going ou successfully. Captain Seaburys advices to Captain Merry are of date of July 3, and were most welcome at the naval station. The fact that Captain Seabury put himself out to make this report is highly appreciated at the naval station, as it will be by the relatives and friends of the officers and crew of the Iroquois. - TV- ji f. t a . ,. i . At , f i Ji. t H there. A few people have been too greedy, and they will probably be dead many a year before Uncle Sam will pay them town-lot prices for useless and valueless acreage, or even 51,000 per acre for submerged Islands. No. the Government doesn't need Pearl Harbor now. "We have a wharf there." pointing it. "that will take In the largest transport. The new wharf we ore building will be cne of the finest in tbj? world. Its foundation Tests .on solid coral. All the piles are shod with iron and then sheathed with copper. The Government contract demands that these piles shall be driven into the coral to the depth of at least one foot. As a matter of fact, these piles were driven from fourteen inches to feet into the coraL I doubt if there ever was a foundation so substantial. "Deep water? Oh. yes; we have dredged one slip only, and at mean low-water have twenty-eight feet, enough to float the biggest ship3. The new-wharf will be 3S0 feet long on one sid? and 400 feet on the other. At the seawall It will have a. width of 210 feet and at the outer end forty feet. "Will you not hnve to go elsewhere for a drydock?" wra asked. "Oh. no, there Is plenty of room here for a drydock. It can be built here and maintained at much less cost than could be don at Pearl Harbor. "Machine shops will be erected Lere, and their location is now practically decided upon. But it will not all be business here. The aesthetic part will not be overlooked, and this will, one of these days, be cne of the most beautiful spots in town. All these changes and improvements will be made, of course, under the direction of Captain Merry,." GQMMAMDER DRaXE ORDERED TO 91111-15. VALLEJO, Juiy IS. Connaacder Francis J. Drake, who ba3 beea stationed at Mare Island Navy. Yard for I some time, bas received order to? ' embark for China; Anrai 1st. During the war with Spain Commander Drake ' cad charge- of the Ordnance Depart- faent at Mare Island. l There uunnsoal activity paimr 00 at theXavy yard. Secret orders for the t preparing of ships of war have been received. The ready to be pat in jmml?sion. Th M&rblehead is undergoin: repairs and can be placed in commission within a couple of months. Work on the Alert and the colliers Jnstin and Nero is rapidly progressing. It is expected that the marines at Mare Island will be s?nt very soon to China, The Queen's Hospital. For want of a quorum the board of trustees of the- Queen's hospital were compelled to adjourn for a. third time yesterday. A threatened deficit or ?10JXX) a year stares the management in the face, because of a change in government, and this is the important matter that engages the attention of the trustees. j Off for a Vacation. Mr. J. K. Bnrkett of Kanai arrived iu town yesterday morning with his wife. en route to the eastern portion of the maniland. Mr. Bnrkett has'spent over twenty years as a teacher here under I different governments, aud exieets to return after three mouths to resume his duties at the old school on Kauai. Mr. Bnrkett is a man of much ability and will probably be oue of the future normal instructors. THOMAS SQUARE TO BE SPEEDILY IMPROVED. Conference of Otficiala Held to Be Begun Tomorrow. The early improvement of Thomas Square is now moro than a iossibility; it is a probability. Indeed, it ha leen practically decided upon. Candless, his deputy, Mr. Boyd, Haul . ..f"i ,v .litiiivii, null Wmy Taylor, Commissioner of Agriculture and Forestry, met at that square yesterday Mid had a conference there. The improvement of the park was the subject and plans aud ways and means were discussed. This park is in the nature of a monument to a gallant British sailor and a noble mau, who left his impress for good ou these islands. Aside of this.. it is located in a thickly populated the city now rapidly growiug. The oificiais recognize these facts and, while no definite action was taken, the sentiment was decidedly in favor of prompt and full action. Meantime, Senator McCandless announces that the hibiscus hedge must come down tomorrow. Persons desiring plants or shoots will bo welcome to help themselves." & i a- &-i IMPS m mm mm. Si ic - ,. v. . (. .. f Jt i? ! r i & v & fir . .. & MEDICAL EXPERT TESTIHOHY. rMPORTANT RULING HADE BT JUDGE HU2IPHRETS. He Holds That Expert Witnesses Should Receive iarsror Pay Than Laymen. In hearing a motion to cancel certain deeds in the case of one Kailikea, non compos meatus, by her next friend, Samuel Kea vs. John Hapa and Kapoli, Judge Humphreys rendered an oral decision yesterday which attracted much favorable comment, not only among members of the medical profession but other professions. In hearing the motion, which, by the way, was continued till to-morrow, the question was raised as to the pecuniary worth of expert medical testimony. One of the witnesses called in the case Is Dr. H. C. Sloggett Counsel asked what fees Dr. Sloggett would be allowed for giving medical expert testimony. Judge Humphreys, in answering, overturned allcourt rulings In HawalL He held that medical expert testimony should receive higher remuneration than testimony of laymen. Members of the medical profession devoted years of study and conscientious work in order to achieve proficiency in their calling. Large sums were not only expended in acquiring rudimentary knowledge, but in after work, in traveling and in constant application and experimental research. Knights Templar Banquet. - The local commandery. Knights Templar, conferred the red cross degree on a candidate for the honors of the Temple arO subseqnentto thework indulged In a splendid banquet, which was served by Mr. Lycurgus, of the Grill. Ifc proved an enjoyable occasion. -. U9f r i. ' - . . V - '2 ,&-.' , v'.t . -.- .-.-, nnriT nnnuirvn nttrrn UKrl I KllafllX I HHK m msm. Governor Arouses Intense Enthusiasm in St. Paul. GOMPUMENTS YQUK MEN'S CLUB. SCATHING ARRAIGNMENT OF DEMOCRATIC ATTITUDE IN CAMPAIGN. EIoquettDofease of Administration's Policy in Philippines Plea for McEanleys Reelection. ST. PAUL, July 17. of New Vork crowd in the Audurjya this city to-night. the doors of the hall two hours before they were opened. At 7 o'clock the crowds were finally given a chance to get inside, and every inch of spaea was filled In a few minutes., Thousands of persons surged about the streets, unable to gain entrance. As Senator Davis named the speaker of the evening the crowd came to l feet and six minutes of cheers and applause swept the hall. When Roosevelt finally was able to make himself heari, he returned thanks for tho recspttoa that had been tendered him here today. He thanked the Roosevelt Club especially for Its choice of a name and uniform. He said he was pleased at tho honor, for It was a club of young men, and young men stood for much. The Governor then spoke for'decenoy and efficiency in public life, for' courage lu carrying out what oue believes. He had no use, he said, for timid persons. Public-officials should be honest, brave, and have the saving grace of common sense. These were needed in puble just as much as in private life. Continuing, he said: "We have come here to begin the work of a campaign, moro vital to American interests (nan any that has takeu place since the close of the Civil War. We appeal not only to Republicans, but to all good citizens who jiro Americans in fact as well as In name. to help us In re-electing President McKinley. It was indeed of infinite importance to elect him four years ago-, yet the need Is now even greater. Every reason that then obtained in his favor obtains now. and .many more have been added. Four years ago the success of the Popullstfc Democracy would have meant fearful misery, fearful disaster at home. It would have meant tho shame that is worse than even misery and disaster. To-day It would mean all this, and in addition tho immeasurable disgrace of abandoning the proud position we have taken; of flinching from the great work we have begun. President McKinley has more than made good all that he promised or that was promised on his behalf, and as the smoke clears away we seo. how utterly trivial are the matters because of which his administration has been criticised when compared with the Immense substantial gains for American honor and interest which under that administration have ben brought about." Referring to the Kansas City convention. -Governor Roosevelt said: "Tha dominant note of the Kansas City convention was insincerity. The whxh nominated Mr. Bryan in 1900 was in character infinitely below that which nominated him in 1S96. In 1SSG, for a. I their wild and dangerous folly, his advocates had at least the merit of sincerity In their bitter fanaticism. However wrong-headed, they knew what they believed and they stated It without fear. In 1900 their actions were determined purely by policy, and their pandering to the worst and most degraded passions In our national life, bad enough in all conscience sake itself. wa3 rendered infinitely worse because robbed of every vestige of honesty and sincerity. It took them two day3 to find out what they believed about silver, and this -was the only plank concerning which they took the trouble to laid out their beliefs at alt. They reasserted the doctrines of anarchy which thoy had preached In 1&93, not because they longer believed In them, but because they hoped by announcing them to attract to themselves all men of unsound and violent mind.' In the course of a bitter denunciation of the Democratic opposition to hi administration's Philippine policy, Mr, Roosevelt said: "In China we see at this moment ths awful tragedy that is following just exactly such a movement as that which the so-called anti-Imperialists have championed in the public eye. Th Boxers of China are the precise analogues and representatives of the Agninaldan rebels In the Philippines. Had we adopted the 'policy of scuttle In the Philippines, the policy which our political opponents now champion, the streets of Manila would have witnessed such scenes as those of the streets of Peking. To allow the Filipino rebels to establish their own so-called government, and then to protect them against other civilized nations, would be exactly as if we now sided with the Boxers in China, demanded for them the 'liberty' to butcher their neighbors, allowed them to establish their own independent government, and thn agreed to protect thera from the wrath of civilized mankind. A more wicked absurdity than the Kansas City proposition for dealing with the Philippines was never enunciated by the representatives of a political party." Governor Roosevelt concluded his peroration at exactly 9:30 o'clock, whea the audience arose en masse and over 4800 voices, shook the air for about flv minutes.