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HONOLULU'S - st FIRST GRIND IMPANELED Charged to Investigate Matters That Have to Do With the Good Name and Well Being of the City. lies'" "I charge you, gentleman of the grand jury, to fully investigate the conditions under which Japanese houses of prostitution are maintained in the district of hvilei, and I charge you further to inquire as to whether or not any police officers are paid their salaries or are receiving any compensation of any sort from inmates of those houses or from the landlords of the buildings which they occupy. "It has come to the information of this court, and I charge you to make diligent inquiry into the fact, that police officers in Honolulu are in the habit of making raids upon Chinese gambling houses, of seizing the money which may be in sight under the pretense of using it as evidence against those arrested, but in fact appropriating such money to their own use. 'It has come to the information of this court, and I charge you to make diligent inquiry.inio the fact, that at the hotels and resorts on the beach at "NVaikiki, liquor is sold on Sundays in open violation of the law. "If you find during the course of your investigations that any retail liquor dealer within the jurisdiction of this court has in his employ in and about his barroom any minor, then that would be a condition proper for you to comment upon, and to direct public attention thereto, if you so desire. "I desire to say to you, gentlemen of the grand jury, that if this community is ever afflicted with the conditions described in the phrase we so often hear nowadays, 'a wide open town,' the grand juries of this island will be largely if not wholly to blame. "I charge you to make full inquiry as to the condition of the Insane Asylum. Inquire as to the number of inmates, how many persons are received per month or quarter, how many are discharged, the nature of the food they receive, and inquire particularly as to the medical attention "the medical superintendent bestows upon them, how many times he visits the asylum during the day or week, whether or not he sees the insane himself, or goes in one door and out the other, merely inquiring of some lay person how the patients are getting along." The above are some of the leading matters that the first grand jury ever impaneled on the Island of Oahu were charged with Investigating by Judge Humphreys of the Circuit Court yesterday morning. Owing to the fact that a grand jury was to be impaneled, and the first grand jury at that, court was held in. tua Supreme Court room instead of in the room ordinarily used by Judge Humphreys. The scene was one long to be remembered, and one that marks an epoch in the history of Hawaii. It witnessed the inauguration of the old English custom of having people charged with crime brought face T.o face with the grand jury which is to investigate their case and say whether or not a presentment is to be found under which they will face a jury of their peers for trial. It marked the death of the old system, so long in vogue in Hawaii, of the Attorney General making a presentment to the court as an indictment under which an accused must stand trial. It marked the inauguration of the peoples sharing in the execution of justice and taking their due part in the execution of the laws and the ferreting out of abuses. Judge Humphreys, dressed in a breasted frock coat, cool, dignified and manly, came into court promptly on the stroke of ten, acompanied by the youthful looking Judge Silliman. Inside the bar was seated almost every attorney of the city, while the rear of the court room was crowded to the doors with people who had assembled to witness th imposing ceremony. The court bailiff was so embarrassed when the judges entered the court, and all arose until court should be declared open, that he forgot to open the court until directed to do so by the Judge. After his "hear ye" High Sheriff Brown in a much beribboned and be-braided uniform, bearing more braid and lace than the vain Lieutenant General of the United States Army wears on his much bedecked blouse, stepped to the side of the clerk's desk and called the roll of the men summoned to appear as grand jurors. Joseph P. Cooke, the sixth man called, failed to respond, and following the completion of the roll call the clerk was ordered to issue a bench warrant for Mr. Cooke, n,i ,n a tew minutes ne eras brought in. Asked as to why he bad not been on time, his excuse was that . . .It J - 1 I. -s. lntti ThfS? ne uiu not jhiu it " wi& not being considered a good ficlent excuse by the court, Mr. was fined $25 for his delinquency. UJLU X .,. fr . W fcx ' ASSOOV ft THE HONOLULU REPUBLICAN. PBICE FIVE CENTS T AUGUST 7, 1900. VQLOFF. I, XO. 47 HONOLULU, B. TUESDAY, HDEPEHDBKE WIS PROMISED HH Sit. .rebuigrew TVTakPS PuT).. , lie a Filipino I i Letter. GIVES AN ALLEGED INTERVIEW. . j PURPORTED TO HAVE ttat) WITH ADXIBAL DEWEY. The Latter Denounces the Letter of Falsehoods as a Tifisue Prom Beginning to End. SIOUX FALLS (S. D.). July 24. A letter has been received by Senator It F. Pettigrew from one of the leading commanders of the Filipino army, giving addlllonal light on the claims of the Filipino people as to the understanding that was arrived at between them and the Americans before ihe opening of hostilities in the Philippines. The letter says in part: "Sinukwan Encampment (Philippine Islands), April 12, 1900. Hon. It. "Ppttierpu and G. F. Hoar. Senators, "Washington Gentlemen: I have read in some American papers that Admiral Dewey, compelled by you and other Senators, lovers of truth and justice. to answer whether he had made to us formal promises of independence, stated that he had 'never promised independence to the Filipinos.' I, who. in the name of the Filipino people and nf General Aguinaldo, and as a representative of both, have had the honor to confer several times with the Admiral, make to you the following statements, that you may use them as you should think convenient: "In April, 1S9S, when the rupture of hostilities between Spain and the United States became imminent, and in tne absence of my chief. General Aguinaldo, who was then at Singapore, I solicited through the American Consul at Hongkong, -Mr. Wildmnn, to have some interviews with Admiral Dewev, with the object of continuing the interrupted negotiations between General Aguinaldo and Admiral Dewey through Mr. Wood, the commander of the American gunboat Petrel. My petition was favorably received and I went with Andrew S. Garchitorena, another Filipino, on board the Olympia in the bay of Hongkong. Once on board, the following Interview, in French, took place through the flag lieutenant, Mr. acting as interpreter: "Filipino Admiral, it having come to our knowledge that a war between your country and Spain is imminent, we. who have fought the latter for our independence, are willing, in obedience to tho desires manifested by you to General Aguinaldo. through Mr. Wool, to take part In the war as allies of America, so long as it be carried on with the object of freeing from ih yoke of Spain her colonies, giving thrn their Independence. "Admiral Dewey The American people, champions of liberty, will undertake this war with the humanitarian Abject of freeing from the Spanish yckp Uie peoples under it. and will give you "Independence and freedom, as v have proclaimed to the world at lare. "Filipino We are very grateful tor this generous manifestation of the great American people, and being nuvlo through an admiral of their navy, we value It more than a written contract, and thereupon place ourselves at your entire disposal. "Admiral Dewey I place at your disposal the ships of my fleet for he conveyance of both the Filipino leaders and the arms you may get. Moreover. I think my government is willing to supply you with arms and ammunition "Filipino Wo are very thankful to you for this new generosity of the people, and you may bo sure tint we are ready to fight at your sid for the independence of the Philippines even without arms, as wo have done daring Uie recent revolution. "Admiral Dewey America is rich in overy respect; she has territoris sparsely inhabited. Besides, our constitution prevents 'territorial expansion" outside of America, therefore the Filipinos may be sure of their independence, and not a bit of their land shall be taken from them. "After these conclusive and formal statements the conversation turned f' other details concerning the state of the country." The letter is signed "J. He is the Filipino general who recently surrendered to the American forces, o IT IS FALSE. That Was Dewey'a Statement When Shown thi Letter. WASHINGTON, July 25. The letter received by Senator Pettigrew from one of Agulnaldo's generals. J. containing an alleged account of an interview between himself and Admiral Dewey on board the Olympia in April. 1S9S, in which It is stated that Admiral Dewey promised to the Filipinos, was shown to the Admiral today. The Admiral characterized It as a "tissue of falsehoods." lie declared it absurd on its face. "I not only had no power to promise independence to the Filipinos," said he. "but the whole tenor of the -words put in niy mouth stamps them as false. I am made to say things which I never thought of and which I could never have uttered. You will notice that I am addressed In the alleged Interview as 'Admiral. when at tha time I was a 'Commodore. " The Admiral said he had never heard of Alejandrino. Several Filipinos, after much importuning, came aboard I the Olympia at Hongkong, rhey wer t J anxious to be taken to Manila. "1 I ' considered their representations of lit- J t tie Importance." said the Admiral. J i "and did not take them to Manila. Lat- j er I gave permission to Aguinaldo and ' about a dozen others to come io Us-' nfJn All that thv wpre anxious about at that tine was an end of the tyran nJ. of Spain againsl which tneT na, XL 1 f a J -, im ueen -anti mc unuuiuv.' of Montejo's fleet the city virtuallv surrendered, and I am satisned tnat u we had had 5,000 troops there at that time we could have gone ashore and been received by the Filipinos as They had absolutely no thought then of independence. That was an after tnougnt or tnoir leaders ing of the Spanish fleet and the arrival of the United States troops." Speaking of the report that Cuba was to be evacuated by the American troops after the holding of the constitutional convention. Admiral Dewey said he did not see how the United States could turn over the island to the Cubans until a stable government had been established. "We are responsible to the world for the orderly conduct of affairs in Cuba," said he, "and until such government is established I cannot see how we can withdraw. We are confronted with a similar situation in the The world looks to us, and ao matter which party wins in November the United States cannot relinquish the islands until a responsible and government is set up there." j. BISHOP ESTATE PROPERTY. Trustees Pile Their Annual'Report in Circuit Court. The trustees of the estate of the late Mrs. B. P. Bishop filed their annual import with the clerk of the Circuit Court yesterday. The report shows the total receipts from all sources, including cash on hand July 1, 1S99, were and the expenditures were leaving a cash balance of $4,-053.95. The principal outlays during the year were $S,145.G5 for improvements to the girls' department in the Schools, 510.419.5C for a new dormitory and ?1,947.0S for bath rooms in the boys' department. In addition to this, four pieces of property and one lease were also secured. The property consisted of about 1 16-100 acres in Kapalama from S. K. for 54,700; land in Kanewai from A. S. Cleghorn for 51,000; land in Queen street from Kapiolani Estate for $4,000; land from Fritz J. Wilhelm in Queen street for $4,000, and a paid-up lease of 3 acres in the crown lands at Kakaako for $9,000. Property amounting to was sold, most of which was to the Oahu Railway and Land Company tor rights of way and stations, etc., at Waialua and Ewa. The death of Charles M. Hyde, one of the trustees, is mentioned in the report, with a tribute to the memory of the deceased, who has been succeeded by Alfred A". Carter. The Kamehameha schools are reported as being In excellent condition, sixty-five scholarships having been granted last year in the Manual school. Extensive improvements to the grounds have beeen made and engineers ire preparing estimates on the cost of reclaiming large areas of marsh lands along Ala Moana, in Kalia and FIRST INDIGTHEKT RETURNED. GRA3TD JURY SETTLED DOWN TO WORK QUICK. True BUI Returned Atrainst Charles Downing- for Slurder in " Second Degree. The first true bill returned by a grand jury in Hononlulu was brought yesterday afternoon after a brief of the new judicial body which was charged by Judge Humphreys in the morning. Charles Downing, charged with murder in the second degree, is the first man to be indicted by a grand jury in this city. He is now in prison and will have to answer before the trial jury in the Circuit Court. The grand jury lost no time in work after heariug Judge Humphreys' charge. The jurors were lock- oi? iin nil nffprnnon in a room In the Judiciary building, where they questioned a number of witnesses in the Downing case. It was the first time tViic Amprintn method of inauisition had been employed in Hawaii, and ths novel proceedings aroused much interest- Deputy Attorney General Cath-cart was on hand to advise Mie jurors when called upon, and Deputy Sheriff Chillingworth also waited outside to b ready if needed. About five o'clock the grand jury adjourned, after having found its first true bill, it is stated, charging Charles Downing with the murder of George Poai. The alleged crime was committed on March 11th and was one of a series of shooting and cutting affrays that came together and startled th city on March 10-11. The shooting of Toyo Jackson was one of them. Downing, In addition to killing Poai, seriously wounded two other natives. Aalona Kamae and Eleakala, both of whom, with Poai, were taken to the hospital. The affray in which they were concerned was a most bloody one-Downing spent the night of March 10 at their place drinking swipes, and early on Sunday morning he became involved in a fight with the men in the Ifcnce. having, It is alleged, become so boisterous that they wanted to turn him out. He drew a knife and In a few moments the natives were prostrate on the "floor. Downing ran away, pursued by other natives, and when help arrived he stood at bay, knife in hand, holding back a crowd who wanted vengeance. In the house where the fight had occurred three wounded natives lay helpless in pools of blood. Paoi died at the hospital. Downing was tried in the Circuit Court for murder and the jury BUM SriaTerdTuryYn'dlSSS 3CH MAR jury system as the Constitution of the I'nltPrf States Drovides "tnat no person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime unless on presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces or in the militia when in actual service in time of war or public danger," it Is not within the power of a Territory to abridge the right of any person charged with an infamous crime, and not within the nnmd in the Constitution, to demand his indictment by a grand jury j legally consumed before Being put upon his trial for such crime-That this limitation on our power does exist may be regarded as a happy condition, for it is at once a menace Ti. tho cifotv of a pnmmnnnltv and ihe liberties of the people when the power of finding indictments is vested in one man no matter how creat his learning or how incorruptible his integrity may be. By the institution of the grand jury two great ends, the one of liberty, the other of the administration of justice, have been united. That is to say, direct participation by the people in determining whether the citizen snail be charged with crime, and the preventing of that determination from resting entirely In the hands of the executive or of a separate and closed caste. Juries a Safeguard. Lord Erskine in his celebrated speech in the trial of the Dean of St. Asaph, said: "No evidence is to be found of the least relinquishment or abridgement of popular judicature in cases of crimes; on the contrary, every page of our history is filled with the struggles of our ancestors for its preservation. The law of property changes with new objects, and becomes intricate as it extends its dominion, but crimes must ever be of the same easy investigation; they consist wholly or almost wholly In intention, and the more they are multiplied by the policy of those who govern the more absolutely the public freedom depends upon the people's preserving the entire administration of criminal justice to themselves. In a question of property between two individuals the crown, or the gov ernment as it is called here, can have no possible interest in preferring one to the other; but it may have an interest in crushing both of them together, in defiance of every principle of humanity and justice, if they should put themselves forward in a contention for public liberty against a government seeking to emancipate itself from th3 dominion of the laws. No man in the least acquainted with the history ot nations or of his own country can refuse to acknowledge, that if the administration of criminal justice were left in the hands of the government, no greater freedom could possibly exist than the government might choose to tolerate from the convenience or policy of the day. This important truth is no discovery or assertion of mine, out it is to be found in every book of the law; whether we go up to the most ancient authorities, or appeal- to the writings of men of our own times, we meet with it alike in the most emphatic language. They Form a Barrier. ""Mr. Justice Blackstone, by no means biased towards ment, having in the third volumoof his Commentaries explained the excellence of the trial by jury in civil cases, expresses himself thus: 'But it holds much stronger in criminal cases, since, in times of difficulty and danger, more is to be apprehended from the violence and partiality of judges appointed by the crown, in suits between the King and the subject, than in the disputes between one individual and another to settle the boundaries of private property. Our law has, therefore, wisely placed this strong and two-fold barrier of a presentment by a grand jury anu trial bv petit jury between the liberties of the' people and the prerogatives of the crown. Without this barrier justices of oyer and terminer, named by the crown, might, as in France and n Turkey, imprison, dispatch or exile any man that was obnoxious to the government by an instant declaration that such was their will and pleasure. So that the liberties of England cannot but subsist so long as this palladium remains sacred and inviolate not only rmm nil nnpn nttneks. which none will be so hardy as to make, but also from all secret machinations wnicn maj sai and undermine" it. "If a man were to commit a capital offense In the face of all of the judges of England, aye. in the face of the Lord Chancellor, their united authority could not put him upon his trial. They could file no complaint against him even upon the records of the supreme criminal court, but could only commit htm for safe custody, which is equally competent to every common justice of the peace. The grand jury alone could arraign him, and, in their discretion, might likewise finally discharge him by throwing out the bill, with th3 names of all the judges as witnesses on the back of it," Citizen's Highest Duty. From whatever point of view we may examine this peculiar institution as 't has developed itself with the Anglican race (and it may be viewed in a great manv. all eauallv important), it will appear that the citizen cannot act in l . !., ann imDortant ca j pacity than as a grand juror. Society j cannot but live In a state; tne nign j acts tj,rough IawSj and 'ey are the great organs of human society. With- out them men cannot live in society cr i fulfill that for which they were created; . ... .. - Tr.a t,it. I mately arrives for which the law was made, when it is to be applied to - rt.Sf.Hl neonle to say. t In English laws the juries are called the "country." There is a deep ing In this expression as It has growji and come to be understood through the course of centuries, for the jury truly represents the country, and this is as fter the box had been filled the f highlv improbable, although in one or iurors were aked if anv of their two States of the Union. I believe, the . ' . , . system no longer exists. But whatever i ber had excuses to present as to why several States they should not serve on the jury. E. I plains of W. G. Irwin Co. said J URY HUM BY J UDGE IS. H that owing to Mr. Irwin's absence from the city great responsibility fell upon him, and he felt that the business of the firm would suffer if he served on the jury. The court held that it was not only the privilege but the duty of men to serve upon the grand jury; that they owed something to the state, the rich for the protection thrown around their property as well as their liberies and the poor to see that their rigliu and privileges were not infringed upon. Mr. Spaulding was not excused, and all others having no better excuse to present were advised not to present it, as it would not be considered. George R. Carter said that he had been appointed one of the judges of the tax appeal court since being summoned as a grand juror, and this court would meet next Wednesday and continue from day to day for some time. He could not well perform the duties of both offices. This was recognized and the court excused Mr. Carter, A. F. Cooke being called in his stead. The jury was then sworn, the following named composing Oahu's first grand jury: H. E. Waity, W. H. Hoogs, E. A. Mclnerney, John Effinger, Joseph P. Cooke, James L. McLean, J. S. Walker, L. C. Abies, C. A. Graham, E. I. Spaulding, F. M. Lewis, T. W. Hobron, W. G. Ashley, Edwin. Benner, Mark P. Robinson. C. H. Atherton, Samuel Lowden. Chas. Hustace, Jr., Wm. O. Atwater, A. F. Cooke. H. E. Waity was appointed foreman of the grand jury. All answered that they could speak, read and write the English language Intelligently and that they were eligible to perform impartially the duties of grand jurors. There was a hush of expectancy as Judge Humphreys began to read his instructions to the jury, as all felt that he would call attention to some of the alleged violations of the law which are common talk on the street Judge Humphrey's positiveness of character, his frankness of expression, is so well known that It was certain he would not use gloves in speaking of these matters, though it is doubtful if any one in the court room was prepared for the strong instructions he gave con- cerning certain abuses which are given . in brief above. ; 5 '. The Charge to the Jury. Gentlemen of the Jury: To you is , accorded the honorable distinction of 'being selected to serve on the first ,. , ,t.j .- j on j The institution of the grand jury (undoubtedly of English . ..1 to nf rM, fl Tl t f fill 1 fT flTltl 1Q i tn thmnhnnt th United States J j Jn exercise of their sovereignty as to continuing or abolishing the erand IN THE COURTS - - -"- jiJlS - "& JJ- --.-K OF HAWAII. ; true of the grand jury as it is of the petit jury. The law Is but the nf th nnblie will, and the grand . .- ..x-. s.. lffaT!rlnsr . jury reprcstai awtes? " i whether In a given case the facts war- rant the application of the law so as to j charge one with crime. Lit me impress upon you then that you represent the country and not the government- You are to judge the facts according to rules and laws indeed, but also with the feelings of living men. and not merelv as if vou represented the ab- . T ...- : t. . fn KnriV? i MlaCL un : 4W ? "n It may be justly said that though for i a brief time, yet for this brief tini. you represent as fully and entirely Human society formed Into a state with all of Its great objects as any other person or body of men, even that of a monarch not excepted. Represents the Governed. De Tocqueville. who was a profound commentator on democracy. In his Democracy in America, says: "The institution of the jury may be aristocratic or democratic according to the class of society from which the jurors are selected, but it always preserves Its republican character in a? much as it places the real direction of society in the hands of the governed, or of a portion of the governed. Instead of leaving It under the authority of the government. Force is never more than a transient element of success, and after force comes the notion of right. A government which should only be able to crush its upon a field of battle would verv v.a iiDcimvnf Thp true sanction of political laws Is to be found in penal i loMcinttnn nncl if that sanction be wanting, the law will sooner or later lose Its cogency. He who punishes infractions of the law is therefore the real master of society. Now the institution of the jury raises the people Itself to the bench of judicial authority. The institution of the jury consequently Invests the people with the direction of society." This statement applies with peculiar force to you, gentlemen of the grand jury, for, without action on your part thero would be no occasion for the nottt tiirv to exercise its functions in thp more serious class ot criminal cases, so that with you the protection, i safety, peace and ot socieij may be said to largely rest You are therefore to serve upon this grand jury with the deepest Impression of the grave responsibility which the oath you have just taken Imposes upon you. You sit there for the community, for your country; the laws must be applied through you: they must accuse or exempt from accusation through you. What Grand Jury May Do. The matters in regard to which It will be your duty to make inquiry are ait.h ne mav ho within the knowledge of any of you; such as may be givn , to you In charge by this court; such as may be submitted to you by the Attorney General, and finally such as may be brought to your attention by private parties. But you are not limited in your inquiries to crimes which are alleged to have been actually committed. You may comment, in your final report to this court, and indeed it is your duty If necessity therefor exists, to comment upon the manage ment of public institutions, ami any wl.lHtlnn which vou mav deem uetri rmental ttbQ miMr0od. Judge Wll son. one of tne ntemuers oi mo con vention which framed the Constitution of the United States, and at one time himself an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, says: "The grand jury are a great channel of communication between those who make and administer the laws, and those for whom the laws are made and administered. All the operations of government and of its minister and officers are within the compass of their view and research. They may suggest public improvements, and the modes of removing public inconveniences. They may expose to public inspection or public punishment public bad men and public bad measures." The Attorney General will examine all witnesses who may be summoned to testify before you, but it is your right also to interrogate such witnesses and it is a right which no consideration of delicacy should deter you from exercising when you believe the facts may be more fully elicited by your do ing so. In such a case it is sometnmg more than a right which you may waive at your pleasure. It is an absolute duty, and a duty which you should not shirk. 2ttU9t Exclude All Porsons. You will exclude all persons, including the Attorney General or such other nerson as mar for the time being rep resent the Territory, from your pre- j ence while you are deliberating and 1 doubtful if the people wilt rare fo voting In respect to anv matter which j make a political change which might mav have been brought before you. It , change this condition of things, is the duty of the Attorney General to There Is. it Is true .bitter. opposition advise vou as to the law applicable to to the expansion poliicy. particular state of facts. Jt Is cot I lion comes largely from the East la ... . . - 1 the West thai are pretty nearly solid! Mc rfiitv however, and it would oe highly improper for him, to argue the facts in any case before you, and In no event should he be requested or permitted to express his opinion or belief as to the guilt or Innocence of any person accused of crime. Mr Rishon. one of our most 1 Unguished writers on criminal Jum- , prudence, says: A prosecuting oiucei uc5i in expressing the opinion, however he may entertain It that one whom he Is pursuing 13 guilty. Such opinion Is not legal evidence, and under no circumstances and at no step of the proceedings ceedlngs is he entitled 10 inrust it into the case either by direct words , hr tmnif.Hnn u u th nnthnr'a cherished hope that he may liTe to see the day when no judge sitting hich doIIcv to take place In his presence as Is involved In such practice." The ARfOrney General nnder our statute as well as under the common law of England, possesses the power (Contiuned on Page 6.) RE1L ISSUE OF THE mm cn. rrQQ JJarlV tO Tell JUSfc What it Will Be. DEMOCRATS CRYING IMPERIALISM. pjtoBABLE TEAT THE CH22TESS UU.ST1U WXiiij vuu A FACTOR. XcKinley Has Given a Splendid. Account of Himself in the Past Three Tears. WASHINGTON. D. C July 21. Na man can tell what the real, live Jse of the forthcoming Presidential campaign Is going to be. The Republican leaders say that it will be the silTer issue. This Issue, it will bo remembered, was not made very prominent !b the Democratic platform. The Democrats say that the real Issue will be the question of Imperialism. They wmt that made the issue, i ne uepuourans do not want that to be the issue, and tnere vou are Rn v shnll drift alone and well into August It will be discovered that he people of the country are thinking about one thing. Mar be that one thing will be silver, niayb ft w12 be expansion. Again, it is just possible that an entirely new issue will o-aw up, and all other matters will be dropped for this new one. The people, for Instance, without knowing why. are kicking somewhat because the administration has no definite thing toward getting United States Minister Conger out of Peking alive. They believe that thwe s an Instance In which the United Stat Army ought to be employed with r n and without regard to the expense tx consequences of the undertaking. But the people are apt to Jump at ronrr nlons. and they sometimes change minds when they come to know all of the facts In the case, which same Uy?r do not come anywhere near knowins; in this case, for the Chinese question. Is so big and complicated that seithpr Secretary of State Hay nor Lord Sails-bury nor anybody else knows all of V& ramifications. It is possible tlut should the United States go tearing ina at this time she would iinf herself fact to face with Russia, ant the Russian bear Is not a pleasant chap to me Rut thf. rnmnriicn itself is Xf.lnz IS be lively, and there .vill ! two Jlcs to it. A while ago, bfor Urytn was nominated, nobody could see inotf than one side to the contest Brym has with him today all of the m '-tented forces of the United States H has tho solid following of th si'i of everv brand. The laboring are with bira to a r?tr ' than they were in ISS8. Th so'.d D have qnletly slipped back ln?j ramp In quite large nun. - . Mr. Bryan is not to b tan: ! time, any more than h ii lr. l, and all the world know- t .: c -the Republican bad frigix On the other hand, the Republ. a at are mighty well organised, and V . i is less dlssaffectlon in their ranks tr ta there was four years ago. Pr. --at McKinley has given a pretty g h ac count of himself: he has maprwd it and accomplished things, and the people like that In no Statf a the Union is there a good, old-fashioned row among the Republicans They are lined up in solid column and waiting for the attack. With both parties united there ought to be t good fight 1 When one comes to the of the probable result it Is plain that the are going to pull through. They have with them all of the sound money forces of tho Republican party an whether sound money is the rally ; cry or not. it will be a great f.ir"r b the struggle. They have with ' in prosperity. The United State i ' "5 more business today than ever upon the eve of a campaign V xii done more buainese during Uv three years than it ever did in any three years of its blatonr Tur mills are pretty nearly all busy although there Is a little alackning o the Iron trade, and some of these mUtt are closed or running upon abort time. The country is exporting goods as fast as It can get ships to carry them. It Is in tavor ot expansion, provioea it is not carried too far. For instance, nobody finds fault now with the admission of Hawaii and Porto Rico, but they ?hy somewhat at the Philippine Islands. There is a fear, and It has grown somewhat during the Chinese trouble, that the entrance of the Unite! States Into the affairs of the Far East may lead to trouble. That is a feeling that will have to be reckoned with is. the canvass. It is likely enough that it will be met by the President. sooer or later, in a declaration of his exact Intentions regarding the Philippine Islands, and abo with a declarative regarding his intentions in China. The Republican correspondent is toll that th Democrats are workins im n attempt to stir up labor strikes In the est during the month ot August, ,y neip io x- recent nited Sta's: is founded upon a solid basis. If they carry out this attempt and with it, they will get badly burned ty their own fire. No political party trer succeeded by tearing down. The only way to succeed in the United States la by building up. E.S.T.