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OCCIDCNTAT MEDICAL T1MES0N HE
F1ISTFHHF Of PI Of 11 SIN FRANCISCO
The current auiaber of the i
dental Medical Time hag an
Uve article upon tie pase situation,
entitled "The PtegMO and the
Pacific Medical Joanta." is which It
defends Its positfoa sad attacks the
position takea by the latter journal,
is edited by Dr. Wliurtow Aa-d
arson In the interest, so far a
plague matters are cocerad. of ine
commercial view of the slaatlon taken
by Governor Gage and the San
Francisco newspapers. ...The article
Kij-H in part: -
It has always bea tho'alra and endeavor
of the Medical Times to aro:d
porfcoiialitle and therefore personal
criticism, which couW be construed
an aaeh. Tate rale -would remain inviolate
in the preeont case were the
matter cue of mere iwrboaai concern,
bat the question is of far greater
inaKMitade and of aucb far-reaching
ronsefiaencee that we have no alternative
but to reopen it. We would
have avoided the course, despite our
contemporary's scurriloue abaee of
thie joarnal and IU prttent and
mcmlncioaa calumny of many reputable
physicians, had not the occurrence
of five fnwh caae of
Ut 5th. 10th. 14th of October an-l
Novombor 2d. rended it iraperaurt
to again point the great danger that
threatens our city and ita manifold
Interests. In dlacuKirc this mattT
with the Pacific Medical Jquraal '.t
will be irapoaaiblo to separate
the personality of It reanoni
bio editor and proprietor. Dr. Win
alow Anderson, as that gentleman ha
made himaelf mainly responsible for
th present situation.
The situation in brief is this: The
Governor of the State of California
urged by the business and monied
intercuts of San Francisco and also
by the politicians, upon whom similar
pressure hail been brought to bear,
has Undertaken, with the assistance
of the State Board of Health, to suppress
ovary fact in connection with
the existence of plague in San
This. then, is no longer a municipal
or a State quostloii. It is a
national and an international question.
It is a crime against elvlllzv
Uon. It Is an outrageous piece of
on the' part of our metropolis,
in which the interests of the
State and of the Nation are wholly
Wo had hoped that our Issuo of
July wns sufllcicnt to convince anv
national being that bubonic plague
existed in our midst In support
this view we refer our readers,
amongst other communications, to
editorials In the following journals-Journal
American Medical Associa
lion. Philadelphia Medical Journal,
Colorado Medical Journal, Modern
Medical Science. Medicine, The
Cleveland Medical Journal,
llrltlsh Medical Journal. These journals
had access to both sides of
and formed tlier
The reference to the epidemic siti
Glasgow is poorly taken. Our contemporary
must know that a majori'v
or the cabes In that epidemic have
been of the pneumonic form, which
as wo have Insisted is highly Contagious
nnd deadly. AH tlio San Fra.v
cisco cases have been of the bubonic
variety; that the number has corr:
domic in Rosario, South America, only
four cases occurred la three months.
In the epidemic now raging in Sydney,
Australia, only thirteen cases
occurred In the first sixty days. In
Honolulu, it is said on good authority,
thnt sjioradlc cases of plaguo occurred
weeks before the disease was formally
recognized as being present.
Ijl Osaka, Japan, where plague is now
epidemic, only three cases occurred
during the first six weeks. Thus it
will be seen that the above, which
Is but a small portion of the evidence
which might be adduced proved the
fact that the plague is insidious in
its attack and slow in development.
In San Francisco eleven well authen
ticated cases of plague occurred
within ten weeks and the sniallneRS
of the, number has been used as an
argument asaink the disease being
plague, whereas, it is In reality one
of the strongest arguments In its favor,
for this small number is absolute
typical of the outbreak of ail
plague epidemics. The first few
cases having remain unrecognized,
and the epidemic thus having become
established, the active period
commences, and hundreds are attacked
within a comparativey short
time. This fact has been well illus
trated in Bombay and Hongkong. The
subsidence of a plague epidemic is goa
eraliy slow, almost as slow as its rf
Tclopraent, and often an apparent dis
appearance of the disease is followed
by a fresh outbreak, and tnus it ma
persist for months, causing infinite ap
prehension and anxiety to the unfortu
nate inhabitants of a stricken" locality."
The clobing sentences of this most
incredible editorial demand the serious
attention of the whle profession.
"Will any just, logical, unprejudiced j
individual make the assertion or enter
tain the conviction that Sin Franciscc
has ever bad within it" limits a case
of bubonic plague? Let any honest in
dividual weigh the tacts as they are
hre today, and have been, and if he
onujs to nriy other conclusion that i
v. as impossible "under tne circumstwi
s San Francisco to have had r
a of plague. we believe him to W
.nrapabi" of logical reasoning and a tit
subject for public care. As fof the dis
honest individuals, the state has :c
law that would do them justice."
Men of Integrity are thus recklessly
. ondemned as guilty of criminality sc
4Teat that the state has 'no law that
rould do them justice. Our contempo
Tary Invites 'a welgning "of facts as
they arc 'here -today and have been.'
Briefly, they are as follows: There
havebecn Identified' and demonstrated
twenty-one cases of bubonic plague if.
San Francisco, ail of which have prov
en fatal. The first was found on the
fith of March, 1D00, and the last on tlu
2d of November. With this Issue all
but three of these cases have been re
ported In full In the Medical Times.
The cause of death in each Case hat
been verified by every postulate laid
down by Koch. Kitasato, Versing Rom
and Calmett of the German Plague
Commission, and by at least a half
dozen local and visiting physicians
working Independently. The diagnosis
'n'lhc earlier cases has been confirmed
or concurred In by the very highest
authorities in America, in proof oi
which we ofTer the following: Editori
als of the journals previously referred
to; the testimony and results of the
Investigations of Dr. J. J. Kinyoun,
whose findings "are at least worth the
collective wisdom of all the local prae
Utioners In San Francisco or any othw
icity;" of the marine hospital
as-voiced by Drs. Kosenau, ueuumgs
Kerr, Taiimsden. Gassaway and Agneo
Walker, of the board of health of San
Francisco and Its "Incompetent" path
ologist. Dr. Kellogg; of Professors
Montgomery. Kerr. Ryfkogel and Tav
lor of.thc University of California; of
Professor Ophulus of Cooper Medical
College; of Drs. Day, Raymond. Coo
per and Hoffman of Honolulu; of Dr.
pondlngly decreased: that they have Cnarlcs L Fagan. secretary of the
occurred at longer Intervals and the
source of contagion Is more difhcult
to trace. The history of the Initial
outbreak or that epidemic is remarkably
similar to the case of the
Dr. Muller. Our
nry should also remember thaL even
-with the pneumonic form at work,
only twenty-nine cases have died,
It would not be passible to furnish
n more caustic comment upon our
contemporary's argument than the
following, which is taken from an
article on'Tho Bubonic Plague from
a Sanitary StandpoInt,"by Charles
F. Crnlg. M. D.. Acting Assistant Surgeon,
U. S. A., and Pathologist and
Bacteriologist to the U. S. General
Hosptal. Presidio, San Francisco (Pacific
Medical Journal, August. 19001.
With strange Inconsistency this article
lias been permitted to appear In the
very issuo wherein our contemporary
in unmeasured language has emptied
the vials of Its wrath upon us for
supporting "those who have so earnestly
labored to establish San
as a city." Dr.
"It may be said here that communities
aro slow to admit the presence
of any opidomlc disease, and this is
most apt to bo the case with plague.
Time and again the authorities of
Infected sltles have been crlminnlly
dilatory in admitting the presence of
the plague, and hundreds of lives
havo boon sacrificed tojthelnicrimlnal
Imnnnro of thrt disease." The
lowing statistics provo thaUplague eplj
demicsv slow in developments
In Hubli, as quoted by Montenecro.
onlv eight cases occurred during
three months. In the great epidemic
In London in 1665, the first case occurred
on December 20th of the previous
year, the second on February
9th. and the third and fourth on
April 22d (that Is. only four cases in
five months), but the mortality of the
Iondon epidemic, though, Itbenaneo,
emrctly. ras oae of .the mostfawful.
provincial board of health of British
Columbia; of Dr. G. F. Shrady, editoi
of the Medical Record of New York;
of Dr. Hill In the name of both Johns
Hopkins Hospital and of the Massachu
softs board of health; of Drs. Blunt
and Norton of the Texas board it
health: of the Colorado board of health
and finally of the California state
board of health (of June, 1900). and or
Dr. E. S. Pillsbury, professor of pathology
and bacteriology. College of Physicians
and Surgeons, San Francisco,
and one time special pathologist to th-state
board of health of California, em
ployed by the governor, presumably
with the concurrence of the editor ol
the Pacific Medical Journal. These
are the "dishonest" individuals to
whom our contemporary refers as "in
capable of logical reasoning." and "fit
subjects for public care." W hat influence
could lead any sane individual, or
even the editor of the Pacific Medical
Journal, to deny the existence of any
thing in the face of such evidence!
The answer is plain preferment and
As a side light upon this aspect oi
tho case, we find the following on page
601 of our contemporary's issue of August
"In contrast to this miserable faking
we call attention to tho noble, honest,
unselfish- "courageous and effective
course pursued by Governor Gage, the
I people's friend, aad the low schemer's
he made 01 such
stuff aslthat which controls San Fran
.Cisco, rcity and state would now i-e
shut out from the rest of the world,
our port closed, our people begging for
food; and the bubonic supporters hovering
over us like so many vultures
He nas been a friend m need and the
people of California will not soon forget
On page 610 of the same issue this
Anderson, editor and
proprietor, of .this 'journal, has been
thViwiplent of the" distinguished
honor from Governor Gage of being ap
pointed surgeon general of the state o
California, to serve on the governor's
staff with tho rank of colonel."
1 The. possibility of personal contact
Infected premises and certainly
the direct connection between some cf
these eases-would seem to be settled
br the fact that the case of Murphy
and that ot Ham Tan, on July 6th and
on October lOtu, respectively, occur
red In the same house. 7G7 Clay street,
while that of Lea Do Hen of October
5th and of a Chinese girl over whoso
" a" t - T - - V- - &
THE HONOLULU REPUBLICAN. SUNDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1900.
trorial there was Jae financial difficult?,
asa whose case was not report
ed. came from a cigar factory on s
In connection wits' the question of
this satter, airar
tide in the Sacramento Bee (October
7. 1309) Is not without point. Under
I the caption. "Some ot tne ;
Suppressing the Plague evs, tne
Bee gives many of the facts connected
with the plague in San Francisco.
In conclusion we have only to add
that there Is one thing in this worlc
that cannot be permanently throttled
or suppressed that Is. the troth. Er
ror and misrepresentation may prevail
for a time, bnt "truth is eternal." Be
lieving that we were right, our duty
seemed clear, and we Have endeavored
to perform it. It is perhaps neediest
'to say we shall continue to do it. Wc
sincerely trust that there will never
be an epidemic of plague In California
Yet bhould such occur, or should the
now few and scattering cases increase
or extend to the interior of the state
then indeed we pity the false prophet"
of our misguided people, who, heeding
the gathering storm of a repentant
press and an aroused and incensed
people, will surely ""flee from the
wrath to comcT
FROM CLERK TO PRESIDENT:
Charles M. Hays' Rapid Rise to the
Head of a Great Railway.
From the Kansas City Star.
Charles M. Haysi who. it was announced
lately is to become president
Jof the Southern Pacific railroad system
o succeeu me muia x .
is well known in Kansas City.
While general manager of the Wabasn
ailroad Mr. Hay visited Kansas City
frequently and had a wide
there among merchants and
men. He Is only 44 years- of age,
ind will be one of the youngest
presidents in the country-Mr.
Hays left the Wabash railroad
n 1S95 to become the general rqanager
of the Grand Trunk railroad with
headquarters in Montreal. He was
accompanied to Montreal by F. H.
who was appointed general
uiperintendent of the Grand TrunK.
Prior to that time Mr. McGuigan was
liyisiou superintendent of the Wabarh
with headquarters in this city.
Mr. Hays entered railroad service
m 1SS2 as a clerk in the passenger
lepartment of the Atlantic &. Pacific,
now the 'Frisco road, at St. Louis.
Tn 1S77 he was secretary to the general
manager of the Missouri Pacific
and in 1SSG became secretary to the
general manager of the Wabash, St.
Louis & Pacific railroad. The folio
year he was made assistant general
manager of that road and in 1SS9
,vas appointed general manager of the
Wabash railroad system. Mr. Hays
made- an excellent record while with
:he Grand Trunk and was called tn
London recently and complimented by
he directors for his excellent management
of the property. The many
friends of Mr. Hays here and elsewhere
are elated at his call to the
presidency of one of the greatest railroad
systems In the country.
The salary of Mr. Hays as president
of the Southern Pacific railroad will
be not less than $40,000 a year. The
system includes lines rrom San Francisco
and through Los Angeles and El
Paso to New Orleans. The total mileage
or the Pacific and Atlantic
of the Southern Pacific system
amount to more than 7,300 miles, making
it one of the greatest railroad
systems in the world.
By industry and ability Mr. Hays
has risen from the position of a clerk
to the presidency of a great transpor
tation company, o oetter example
could bo afforded of the opportunities
which this country affords for nn
of ineriL It was only a few years ago
that Mr. Hays, as secretary to A. A.
Talmage. then general manager of
die Wabash railroad, was known
by all who were associated with him
as "Charlie" Hays. A Kansas City
friend of Mr. Hays in speaking of His
character, said of him:
"He is a most approachable man, of
a social anu geniai (iibuu&iuuu .ww
while with the Wabash railroad was
respected and esteemed as a friend by
all of his subordinates. He was
quick and accurate in his business
decisions and understood the most
minute details of a railroad, including
its construction and operation. Mis
memory wns wonderful and he had at
his command the terms of every contract
made by Ac Wabash railroad
even with small towns along its line.
His departure from the Wabash was
regretted by all who were associated
with him. and his choice as president
of the Southern Pacific is not surprising.
The Southern Pacific has needed
friends and C. M. Hays will attract
them. His management of the property
Is certain to be as great a success
as was tits uicuon oi eue ;uuui& ui
the Wabash and Grand Trunk system."
Tuan the Chief Offender.
Not only the European powers, but
the American people will better assured
of the good faith of the Chinese
government if Prince Tuan is sentenced
to death for his participation
in ii,o roront mjifssncres. His hich po
sition, and especially the fact that ha I
is the father of hoy who
chosen as the next emperor, to make
his punishment as light as possible;
but these are precisely the reasons
why the foreigners hold him more
guilty than any of his confederal
and "why they will not be content to
trust a government which lets him
live while beheading his associates
and inferiors: With capital, punishment
Inflicted on Tuan there will be
better hope for peace and renewed
amity between China and other na
The country is not worried naif so
much about Richard Crocker's assaults
upon the dinner paU as it is
aoout his assaults upon an honest
Too Much to Expect.
"Poetry," said the editor, "is a drug
on the market.
"Oh. indeed 1" exclaimed the. poet;
hopefully, "ata 1 to infer that yoa pay
drug store prices lor it?"
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