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The Honolulu republican. [volume] (Honolulu, T.H.) 1900-1902, February 17, 1901, Image 4

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THE fliOiDLU.'REPPLIOiVE
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Pablkaed' Every Moralng Except Monday, r the
Robert Grieve Publteaiag Company. Limited.
EDWIN S. GIL!. '' .- EDITOR
" "
TELEPHONES.
8nt Office. .V, .- .?.. -'Main 21
Editorial Rooms .". Main 123
Entered at the hust Office at Honolulu, H. T., as
Second-Class Mail.
s
HONOLULU, SUTOAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1001.
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THE NEW ZEALAND LAND TAX. ' .
Among the many subjects that will receive
attention in this Territory within the next two
months is that of taxation. Under the present system
it is averted that the Email property holder and
small shop keeper pays an undue proportion of the
lntornal taxes. Besides paying one per cent upon
the full value of his goods, the small dealer pays
a heavy license tax. which, it is contended, is equivalent
to doublo taxation. It is claimed that sugar
plantations and their improvements pay but a small
.portion of the tax that should be levied against them.
That land which produces a net revenue of $200 per
acre par year is assessed, in many cases, at less than
JIM par acre. Those charges have led to talk of the
introduction of the New Zealand Byctem of land tax,
which is baaed upon the single tax idea. In order
that the people of Hawaii may gain some knowledge
of the operation of the Now Zealand system, an
of it. prepared from a rdcent publication, is herewith
given. .
The N'ew Zealand land tax was expressly planned
to exempt the small owner and to free the struggling
poor man. The Land and Income Tax Commissioner
thus describes Its operation: Let us suppose that a
piece of Improved land is worth $25,(100 and that the
improvements on it aro valued at $10,000. It follows
that the unimproved -value would be $15,000. The
land, including the improvements, is mortgaged for-$15,000.
In such a case no tax would be levied on
the proporty. Now let us suppose that the land is
worth $85,000 and the Improvements $15,000. The unimproved
value would then be $20,000. The land and
improvements are mortgaged for $12,500. In such
a case, under the New Zealand system, the net value
would bo $7,500, and as the exemption Is $2,500, there
would be left a taxable value of $5,000, on whjch the
tax Is $21. Tie land tax begins to be progressive or
graduated when the values reach 925,000 above improvements.
There Is no tax on improvements, large
or small, but the privilege of exemption Is withdrawn
when estates are large enough to be subject to the
graduated tnx; that Is, when the unimproved value
reaches $25,000. Tho large owner not only pays a
larger rate of tax, but loses all the exemptions, except
those for Improvements. The extra tax increases
by one-eighth of a penny up to a value of
$1,500,000, when the maximum is reached of two
pence in the pound, or four cents In every $4.S6.
This Increment, added to the original tax of one
penny In the pound, mnkes a possible maximum of
six cents on $1.SG of value.
Thus we see that even at Its heaviest the 'New
Zealand land tavis not reallj heavy. The taxes are
not destructive; great estates still exist The ivorst
thnt can be said of tho graduated land tax is that
notice has boon served on the monopolists that tuey
must surrender or disappear. Under the operation
of the system a large number of land owners pay no
tax at all. Out of lC.OOO small farmers more than
one-half have been relieved of taxation altogether
by tho change from the property tax to the land and
income tax. Out of 90.000 land owners only 13,000
pay land tax. No lnnd owner whose land is worth
less than $2,500 not pays any national land tax in
New Zealnnd. '
Another graduated tax Is that on estates which
pass by death. Nothing is demanded of property
worth loss than $500, or on estates that descend to
widows or widowers. The rate thenceforward up
to properties worth $3,000 net is 2 per cent It
then risos to 3 ler cent until a limit of $25,000
Is reached, when it becomes 7 per cent, up to $100,-000.
On all estates above that the rate Is 10 per
cent Boforo leaving this topic we should note that
owners of estates large enough to fnll under the
graduated tax are further penalized, if, absentees;
then their graduated tax Is .increased 20 per cent
Absentees, however, may escape this tax by periodically
returning to the colony. But the absentee
tax Is not an invention of Now Zealand. In England,
some two hundred years ago, it was enacted that
"absentees are to be assessed a double portion on
their lands, stocks and cattle." Even in Ireland, In
the reign of Queen Anne, an absentee tax of six shillings
in the pound was put on all office-holders who
did not live half of tho year In the country- It seems
that on the passage of the new taxation laws soma
of the New Zealand capitalists undertook to carry
out their threat of "leaving the country" to the extent
of refusing to lend. They said to borrowers who
sought to renew mortgages: "You have elected the.-o
labor men; go to them for your money." The result
was that they lost their business, for there were others
with money to lend who were glad to fc!ie the
Securities.
v
What part had Henry George in the land tax reforms
of New Zealand? The question Is suggested
by the circumstances, tnat New Zealand, although
obvlously"Jt a single tax country, since it still derives
75 per cent of its revenue from the tariff, haa
made considerable progress in the direction or con
coHtratlng taxes upon land. As a matter of fact, tan
national bias In favor of such taxation dates 'back to
the apostolate of Henry George to the Ministry of
Sir George Grey, who in 1S7S Introduced the laadax
into New Zealand finance. Only one collection was
made, however, and la the next year the tax was
repealed and Teplaced by the property tax, whlei
was favored by the monopolists. South Australia
subsequently adopted the laad tax. and has retained
it, but allows no exemption. It was not until 1S3!
that the form of land taxation which, we have above
described was reintroduced into New Zealand. Officials
of that country declare that the New Zealand
tax was bcrn before Henry George's ideas were
known.
la 1S91 Sir George Grey directed attentlon.to the
fact that vast areas were held by a few persoas,'who
would neither sell nor cultivate. The increasing pop
matioa surged p against stretches of fertileplain
awl valley, oaly to Sad these'kept out of taemarket
for the purpose of exactlag a suf ocaUoa price when
the Inhabitants of the island should become mare,,
crowded. No fewer than 17,S37.57 acres werefceU
ay oaly 1,615 landowners.twalle 1,W people occupied
less than x3dO,W v.: acres. Brea'ieowe years biter1
Mr. W..R,Hwvea',ewl that "in aptta cf.iaad taws,
md to aad time, oat of, J4,W,e mim &UMMH,
atw beta la arete oi awe taaa5&. aoraa aacfe.
' HwnrUnliiiifc, the afluaber rf raUtt anldtaii ko
eH rlkvHh w a raaM spaMfcw. J im ta
',
whofe aamfeer of aoWlags was 4S.S7S. IaI there'
acreaaiTipwaitepit
of these 58. per cent ae kaarired
acres apiece. Oaly Jtt per ceat csBprefeeaded
more f&aa 229 acres each, and this peroeatase la
claded a large nsasber of extensive tracts ald under
pastoral leases. In 1SSS the laad was ealy 5
per ceaf of the people, la 1S8S the, pereettage A
landowners to population was onlr per ceat
better than it had bees tweaty years before. Evea f
..., . . . -i
today only' 2 per cent more of the populatioa owns
land than was the case In 1SSS. Bat tee tf eVof ownership
has set In under the preseatlax law, aad the
days of the large holdings of land bjr 'individuals or
corporations are numbered.
IT MAKES THEM RAIL.
Now that the assembling of the Legislature is
fast approaching, and the Devil's Partner" and his
gang, who for seven years looted this Territory; see
that their wings are to be clipped, they are setting
up all manner of howls. Like the thle'f who joins In
the tunning crowd, shouting "Stop thief!" "So they
have begun shouting "Stop thief!" to the members
of the Legislature, because the members
of that body propose to right some of the wrongs
inflicted upon the people by" the family compact under
the dictation of the "Devil's Partner." That certain
fire claims were legitimate ard should "be paid
was recognized by- the Dole administration one year
ago, and the Council of State, then In existence, provided
for a Court of Claims to adjust the claims. But
certain people objected to the personnel of the .court
as appointed by the then President, Dole, and so
the Court of Claims was allowed to die of Inanition.
But because the Court of Claims was allowed to die
at the dictation of certain interests, the just claims
of property owners did not die. That the Territory
cannot be sued under existing statutes every one
knows, hence the only redress of the ppople is
tnrough. the Legislature.
The ItepuDlicans of the Territory themselves recognized
the justness of these claims, for in their
platform adopted by the Territorial convention last
September they declared; "We the payment
of all just claims for losses caused by the action of
t
the Board of Health in suppressing nuljonic plague."
That ex-Queen Lilluokalani should be paid for the
crown lands, which were her personal property, and
of which she was robbed when the monarchy was
overthrown, every fair-minded man In Hawaii concedes.
In lieu of the public buildings and lands,
the latter having been crown lands, the United States
assumed the national debt of Hawaii, when the latter
was annexed to the United States. When the ex-Queen
appealed to Congress for restitution for the
lands of which she had been despoiled, members of
both houses, and notably some of the leaders of the
Senate, Informed her that the Territory of Hawaii,
should reimburse her for the lands. That the United
States had paid the Territory for them by assuming
Its debt, and that she should look to the Territory
for justice. Again did the' Republican party recognize
the justice of the ex-Queen's claims, for in Its
platform adopted last September it declared:
"We advocate that a liberal allowance be appropriated
by the Legislature for the use and benefit of
Lilluokalani."
Of course, upon the reasoning of the "Devil's Partner"
and his organ, this resolution meant nothing; It
was simply introduced for" buncombe; merely to
catch native votes, and the Republicans had no intention
of ever appropriating any sum for the ex-Queen.
That may have been their reasoning, but we
do not believe that the honest republican members
of the Legislature will stand by any such translation
of a plain proposition. They are as Indlssoluably
pledged to vote money for a jus payment of fire
claims and for the ex-Queen as are the Independents.
But the strangest part of all the Advertiser's bad
breaks Is its ueclaratlon of what the sugar interests
allied with the sugar, trust on the mainland will do
through Congress if the members of the Legislature
of this little Territory perform their plain duty.
This is the way it rants:
"Now it ought to be clear that business has
the decisive hand in the legislation of the United
States. Business passed the Dingley tariff; it
passed the gold standard bill; it carried expansion
measures in the interests of trade; It put
up the money which settled the campaign bills
of the Republican party in the late quadrennial
fight Business is 'king. McKInley's Is a business
administration. The voice of business goes
further with it than does any other voice save
patriotism. And let us add that a very large sum
was asked last fall of the business interests of
Hawaii by the Republican .National Committee,
the money was secured and more will be asked
for next time. Is any one so simple as to suppose
that the Republican leaders m Congress are go-
ing to stand Idly by and see so generous a contributor
robbed to make a holiday for a party
that opposesUhe Republicans and would ruin the
material welfare of Hawaii if it could?
"We feel as certain as we can be of anything
In the future that. If the Legislature passes the
plunder bills, the native suffrage will not last a
year longer. The great sugar Interests of Hawaii,
affiliated as they are with i.ac sugar interests
of the United States, could appeal to Congress
with u persuasive force not to be resisted
least of all by a nondescript Delegate whose vanity
and incompetence are his most conspicuous
traits. The general business Interests, whose
prosperity ados so much to the customs
ues of the Union and to mainland tradccould, in f
making an appeal for relief, set the aid of all
Its mainland connections. If necessarr the pressure
of a billion dollars could be brought on Con- i
gress and where tnat pressure was used legitimately
and m a, good cause no Congress could
resist It" i
Or all the ridiculous twaddle It has 'ben our lot
to see In the'Organ this leads the -van. Evea granting
that every word of what it say were true, the
very publication of that fact would defeat aay effort
that the sugar planters might put forth. The Organ
seems to forget that there is such a thiag aspublic
sentiment in the United States. .And all the' combined
wealth of Ihe Sugar trust 'and the Oil trust
andthe Steel trust and the Railroad trust-aid every
other trust cannot ride dowa public Bentimeatt
. CoagreaeMs enough to do to" attend to Its" duties
of national ,legislatioa without payiag attenUoato
purely local affairs in Hawaii. , This is shows ay the
difficulty" jof securing needed legislation foe the District
of Columbia. Even the pressure ofa billk;
dollars would Hot be sufficient to raaseCoagrees to
take up the fight of the Baonlel'intereats of,Hawaii
against those of the plain people. No body of men
In the world are quicker to see of events
than the sea In national, politics. Let tneaagar
planters hat call apoa the Republican part?: to aid
mem as agaiaec popwiar saarage aere.. kcuhcw,
campaign contribution. aHB3,callqHml4M
Sugarjrwrt and its allied 4aterwta Wa&Mt, aad
the RepubKcaa party wcmld gtri&vm to a d wore
sweeptoRjBMS'taatof'lMt1 ." - nTa,
Already peofare beconhac arokaedattiaeocy
moae coatMaaUeaa qf capital iaAmettea. rla
at at U thought of it, a4, aehwe .taW'axiathp.
madMaaa waiefc. permit "aCvaea aaett4ttoiC
caphal.matt b wiped oat mW v a 4ak
aaraat iw if ai over ta
a tiaal 4m
do taow hr ta aaotttaw ar
( ta JaW Caat. TU mm at f two
"-k
a
years ago prortdea, wfcatwas aefferedl tiiae.
the th caagraWGea?
.eral'Griggs held that the cawte cia waaaotaholiaheJ.:
The teraperaace eCtaematry tJak
up the cry aad .suchpVeearawa fraught to bear
spoa Congress thaLJf did aet dare to disobey the f
pablic sentiment aroased. "So .able aad l
a leader as General Grosveabrsakt he believed the
casteen did more for the cause of tenperaace in the
army ban. its abolition weald aceoaioKsa, and ret,
. .. . -.. . : .. . .. .
believing this, he said he woeM vote, for- ite abolish
ment because the public sentimeat'ot the1 country
seemed to be against the caaieen. and he did not
propose to combat that public sentiment
The friends of free government and-a franchise
based upon an educational Qualification want no better,
argument for a change to a restricted franchise
for these Islands than that presented Gythe Morning
Organ.,, Such arguments- are all that is needed to
arouse the American people to whan capital would
do, not only in Hawaii, lut throughout the union, if
given the power, and any action on-that line in Hawaii
would be but the forerunner of similar action
throughout the United States. Manhood suffrage
will not down in the United states nor in any country
subject to the juristiction thereof.
Fortunately there are some things Congress can
give which Congress cannot take tway. Congress
gave to the people of these Islands the right of suffrage
based upon an educational qualification." The
Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the
United States declares "The right of the citizens
of the United States- tovvote shall not be denied or
abridged by the UnitedtStates or by any State on
account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
The right of suffrage has been given to the
people of these Islands; even Congress cannot now
take it away.
AS COMPARED WITH CALIFORNIA
""
j i
"Why do you not give us a comparison oY the
costof government in Hawaii with the State of California,
a State having an extended coast line and one
that has spent large sums for public works?" writes
a reader. We are glad to have rece'ved this request
When The Republican some me ago wrote to the
Auditors of the various States and Territories for
their latest reports, California was one of the first
to respond", but we have hem, back a' comparison
with that State so as to show up all the stronger the
extravagance of the centralized system here when
compared with that of California.
.Every man familiar with tne cost of government
in the United States knows that California is one of
the most extravagantly conducted States in the
union. It has more boards and commissions than
any other State, not excepting New York. It has a
railroad commission., a viticultural commission, a
horticultural commission, an insane asylum commission,
a university board, and commissions and boards
for everything, all of which eat up the money of the
State. Besides all these it has a harbor commission
for San Francisco and one for San Diego. The San
Francisco harbor commission spent almost $1,000,000
on that harbor for the two years ending June 30th
last, and, the amount spent for the schools for the
State for the same period amounted to more than
?6,620,000.
The report of Controller Colgan of California for
the two years ending June 30, 1900, shows that the
total expenditures of the State reached the enormous
sum of S17.a8,460, or an average of $8,994,230 per
year. According to the census of June last, California
has a population of 1,485,000. This shows that
the California, the most extravagantly
conducted State in the Union, amounted to a trifle
less than ?G.0G per capita per annum.
But even tnis high priced government of California
is cheap as compared to the extravagant centralized
government of Hawaii. According to the report
of Treasurer Lansing, just out, it cost to' govern'
Hawaii for the year 1900 the enormous sum of $3,-680,000,
or at the rate of $23.90 per capita. High as
Is the costj of government In the State of California,
it Is very cheap"aeompared to Hawaii. There it cost
the people but $6.06 per capita per annum to maintain
the State government, while here in Hawaii
yit cos more than three and one-half times as much,
orr?23.90 per annum per capita, to maintain the government
Of course no change rom this extravagant system
is wanted in Hawaii.
x
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COST OFxTERRITORlAL GOVERNMENT.
."It isabsurd to say that the government of Hawaii
is extravagant because its per capita cost is
greater than that of some populous States," says a
morning contemporary. "Well now let us see as to
that New Mexico is a Territory and the total cost
of running the government of that Territory for the
years 1S97 and 1S9S, according to the report of the
Territorial Auditor, was the sum of $642,634, or $321r
317 per year. The estimates for the two years 1899
and 1900 were $350,000 per year. New Mexico has aH
population of 195,310, so that the cost of maintaining
the government of that thinly populated Territory
is but $1.80 per capita per annum, as compared to a
cost of $23.90 per capita for this. Territory.
The report of the Auditor of the Territory of Arizona
for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1900, is at
hand, and from it we learn that the cost of the
of that Territory for the fiscal year ending
June 30 last, Including $90,000 spent In completing
the new capitol building, was the s3m"f $270,665.
Deduct, the money spent In completing the new capitol
and the total cost of maintaining the Territorial
government, including all its institutions, such, as
insane Asylum, University, cwo" Norsaal Schools,
Pealtentiary, Live Stock Sanitary Commission 'and
other bodies, was the sum of $18G(HR Arizona ..has.
a populatioa of 123,000, according to the last census,
so that the cost per .capita of maintaining
of that thinly populated Territory "was less
than $1.50 percaplta pejaasuiB.. la theae Territories,
as in Hawaii, the national government, pays
the salaries bf the Governor; of the Secretary; of the
Territory and'ef the Judges oi the District and Sa-,
preme coarta. ,& Z -- v ; - ,
' According totaa Report, of the Territorial Treas;'
arer of Hawaii, jaetoat, it cosmorepa the, expenses
of the Board of. Health of Hawaii last year.
aside -from, the bubonic .plague bills. taaavit cost to.
..ruathe entire Territory of Ariaoaa, aad nearly as
mack as It cost Territory ew Mexico
with 41,003 more population than Hawaii.
The Department of the" Attoraey Oeaeral,
insr the Territorial BoHce farce, iaat' more thaa it
.- . -.. .-; ?---
coat to raa the enure'Terntoryof:4AilKBa with Its
-' .."""
T
5apac. population, aadfaly ashawka'aa.R coat - to
rwHhe Territory or New Mexico, .Am yet there are,-
peopte wbo aay una hih &e gwanw coaaurea
. t -ii
aarth. and.iaost
rWiMmroapTary
mamt exiravasaBcaaa
meat alter baad of dwacht
vA --"! , ifvSw A,
meme:v"l:Ar
A. ?
taxaairof whatcaattal doaf tke
:M'p1M'ljpWa
'CBnaCK -K JVVwdafaaaaHaaaaMl W
aaaaV Vattal flaaatemalaaaaaaaaaaL aUaMaMP MMaaf MaflaaaaV tiaaMEat
MalHal aaBmawammamB aaamx amaaanaa p wnp -
mki. to leTth owpatoy ta Ms tWMr ai jntim
? -
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t
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y ts y - 'r 1 V
VI "
n ,- & - i sz -. -
FOUR . THR HONOLULU REPUBEKANSUNDAYl FEBRUARY, 1901. m
. - I -i "-"" .. ". ,r " . vl. t, ZZLk .
ts lead to ssaH awaers asd dealers. The roemltwaa,
thai other ate aavta skhkv caaae la to take the
places of tkehe tried baitdealaR tactics
wfce are a&aMsc threats' of the dlr thhaaja. that 'are
sofcsff to come to Hawaii if the 'eaact
proposed kgislatfoa woaW do well to learn a Ieseoa
rirow their New Zealaad brethren. Many notable.
laws for the good of Hawaii will he enacted by-the
Independent Legislature, aad.lt is well ihafsach Is to
be the case. j
I
A laad tax modeled after that of New Zealand
woald soon solver' the question of large holdings In
this little Territory. What Hawaii needs with all
Its manifold productiveness Is plenty of American
settlers and small holdings of land.
. . -
dt jt & j j j j j jt ji j jt j j ji j o
Slavery Under the
ww tw
.WJ ,
. Stars and Stripes, a .'
T AUA L. A. HURCUTT.
J . Jt V ." V" J ,! .- C J J V Jt Jt J
There are very few persons in the great and
Tious Repuolfc of the United States who know that
slavery in its most diabolical and degrading form
exists in their country, which they so fondly call
"the land of the free and the home of thebrave;"
and that the American flag, every star andTstrJpe of
which is impregnated with freedom and victory,
waves over a stockade in which are imprisoned two
hundred women whose condition is infinitely worse
than that of the African slave of the last century.
The visitor to Honolulu is immediately captivated
by the entrancing, beauty of the surrounding
Tho city itself nestles at the foot-of an extinct
volcano. Immediately in front rolls old ocean, with
its great waves dashing with ceaseless roar and fury
against the shore, or In gentler mood kissing the
.golden sand of the beautiful hay.
In the background, as if to guard the city from
all ills, are nature's sentinels, the everlasting hills.
On side is to be seen the waving cane of the
great sugar plantations, and at every turn is to be
heard tho hunjLcf the wheels of commercc.
These Islands have been aptly named the
of the Pacific." Mark Twain once said: "There
is no dying here: It is only going to sleep in one
paradise and waking in another." But as sin entered
into the first paradise and brought in its train misery
and murder and death, so, unfortunately. It har
entered this Island Paradise, and degradation and
crime and eath are the result
About a mile from the" heart of Honolulu. In an
t
elevated position. isa large, barn-like ouilamg, surrounded
by a fence twelve feet high, which presents
the appearance of a stockade.
This is Honolulu's Shame.
It is the city's moral pesthouse. It is the legalized
institution for prostitution. Here two hundred
women barter their bodies and coin their iust Into
dollars under the protection of the police force and
under tho supervision of the Board of Health." Here
every night hundreds, if not thousands, of men congregate,
'either, to jnspect what Is considered to-be
one of the sights of Honolulu, or else to be themselves
particeps criininis.
The Slavery System.
The majority ot the inmates are Japanese women
and girls. There are also a few French women. On
closest investigation it has been found that a large
per cent of these prisoners are brought direct from
the Orient for this specific purpose, and that the remainder
are decoyed from the neighboring plantations.
There are about thirty Japanese procurers employed
oy the company who owns and rents this
legalized institution of vice. These creatures for
we cannot call them men are ever on the alert for
every unsuspecting, attractive young woman. A great
number of Japanese girls are employed on the plantations.
They have, as a rule, long hours 'and small
pay. The procurer visits the scene of their labors
and assumes the role of "guide, philosopher and
friend." He generally begins by sympathising., with
them in their hard lot and ends by promising to" get
tem easy, lucrative employment in the city. The
poor girl, ignorant of his way devices, gladly accepts
his proffered assistance, the plantation hoe or
raKe is dropped, the city is sought, and the first link
in a chain stronger than that which bound Prometheus
is forged, and too late the girl awakes to the
fact that her erstwhile benefactor is her master and
she his slave.
The Procurer's Methods.
The procurer first of all takes his victim to some
hotel or boarding house, and after a few days de-1
mands a large sum of money ashe cost of traveling
expenses and board and residence. When the girl
declares her inability, to pay it she is threatened
with arrest and Imprisonment
Eagerly watching her every expression of fear,
ancLJoyfulIy noting every exclamation of horror, the
fiendish monster watches for a suitable opportunity
to suggest a way out of the difficulty to ais frenzied
victim. This opportune moment arrives. The girl
In a very large percentage of the cases protests, refuses,
and even fights; but the pressure brought to
bear on her is tremendous, and at last, realizing her
friendless, helpless, penniless condition, she yields,
and another legalizecLprostitute is sent to the stockade
for life tnat is, unless the enlightened portion
of the community or the people of the United States
raise their voices in protest against this burning
shame and liberate the slave.
Almost every girl enters this enclosure under
the impression that she Is only to remain until she
has secured sufficient money to pay off her former
indebtedness but alas! that time never comes.
She is told tnat new debts have been incurred, and
thus in time many- of thenvgiveupall hope of freedom,
and, still sadder, they, become accustomed to
life and finally. abanaon themselves to it
' The Ill-Gotten Gains
Of each woman is at least $5 a night and oftentimes
much more. At 2 a. m. tne prostitutes meet in a
room specially set apart for the purpose, and- hand
over the money for which they have sold their virtue,
to their "masters." As the women are slaves,
they have no share in the ""profits' their compensation
scanty clothing with which they cover
their bodies, and the food with which, they manage
Ao eke out a bare subsistence.
Very few sleep on the premises, so. before the
first streak of morning Tight has shot across the canopy
of heaven -a. procession, of slaves composed of
sad-eyed women, women with
of dissipation indelibly" stamped on every
feature, women, tna whose eyes .the light of hope
has died out may be sees-wending Its way down the
hill and through- the -city, an men and
"women. Christian statesmen and legislators still rest
on, unheedful, sleeping or waking, of 'these who. have
just taken partyin the city's high carnivai ot lust
On going to aad froa the stockade the women are
divided cirfies, and over each batch isan overseer
plisse Sutyit'S tojeonduct Vaem In safety backwards
zad forwards and fosee that no one accosts
"ihem. The- are heofced ia batches and never allowed
to go out alone. "Oris the systemvof1 slavery is com-
plete..ana. all the efforts 'of Christian workers to reform
tne girls xe;frwtrated by: their taskmasters.
- - v " ,
Cruel Iy Mrf Brutally ; Used.
Oftentimes the'alrte'are craeMy and brataTly Hissed
by the procurers !f they fallto obtain
,moner sa2:clenCto;satlsfy theirjffeed of gain.
uaderthe iStresslofcircumstancea have?"
commlttedjsaicide, pretexting, daathratner than -life:
Incredible a it may seem, rtbere are little .girhr,
Oy twelreiyeara'.of aIa.taJa'hocrihle den
Many? of .the wcmesIraperted from .the
are hrott "here ina4er f ato ;preteaek. .The
their agents in: JapaB,''maBy of whan
are' manned thaame. devices that,
their coadjetorase witaVaacfclsacceca with thegtrla
!o the piaatailoaa f7 s VJ ., '
Ikorderto cope "with the importation of girla.for
iauBoraL parpoees,r a lawwaa. enacted .three years
:ago forbidding aay"aamte Japaaceo woman' to mad
siaHonolala.4: ,
$'
Japan traveled ttfCfHoaolala.wiUi ta;.woaw.
IpMat' taem ogaa taatf wivaa,: safely oa
; term tlma' ralafrt ed tkeaUfcrthe stockade. The.
iaa fca fn !! ' - 'SK'-!?:.-"'; I
: . "WW a;vaaaaa kaa laat ttattraUTeasTaiid
lafla m am tlm stoelada, ah la aoldvar
-. x
"' .r (n'uou UMaMf M 111 wwi;
:tsuwiwi:fnm l to I5, accord-.
iKfoherueaid pfcfafcal aamWUM. v!
Jcc;i(, - ti mlatler.aadcaaapeiledito wed tfce
kWkc -TJ
1 tf ' Ttm CHy,eT Da- -v-
- Withhs tie eaclosHre are Jvfr frame balMiags,
eack aboat 2i Jeet Ion aad 24 feet roaa.
are partitloBed into small room, aaeat 18x12. The
faraitare fas plain and scanty the pridpal article
beiar a doable bed. Each apartment has a deoc and
window, aad these open on the space that separaf es
the main baUdings; aad welch aft form a
in the City of Death.
As we walked along: we saw women ia. the lightest
attfrcv. sometimes straightening their beds,
leaning, half naked, oat ot the little, wiadows,
women lest ta every womanly taatlact aad virtue,
bedeckVd with tinsel aad cheap jewelry palpXeU and
powdered, allarins men by their subtle wtles onto-
the rocks of physical and moral destruction.
lae cuiwtngs are owned by a Japanese compaaj.
who charge a uniform rental of I5 a moath for each
room. The annual Income thus derived from this
infamoas source when all tne rooms are rented is
about 545O0. 4
In order to ply their unholy calling it iff compulsory
foe each prostitute ta be examined by the physician
who Is an employe ot the Board of Health.
The charge for "each examination Is $2.50, o about "-"
$30 annually, and the certificate then granted Is
virtually a license, as no woman is auowed to carry
uu acr ousmess in me stocKade witnout one.
Rules and Regulations of Vampires and Victims.
The enclosure covers about two acres of land, and V,
on .enteririg one of the principal gates is to be seen - .
a frametf copy of the regulations that govern the in- r
s Jtution. -
4
The following Is an exact copy of them all:
"Regulations of the Lwllet Poace Office -- "
1. Hoars of occupation, from 4 p. m. to, 2 a?,va&
and the gates will b' ocen5diring those hoars. &$-
'2.X The prostitutes musfr stay In their rooms,
and never bo allowed to engage In the business on -the
roadside.
"2. Prostitutes, If they wisu, may remain all
i night in their rooms. They may also" come In and
out at any time, but they may not ply their trade "
after hours.
"4. The masters of prostitutes, or their parasites,
are not allowed to remain inside tho fence, or to
sleep with their prostituies through the night
"5. Minors are prohibited ironi entering the en- "
closures. ' ,
"6. X policeman shall remain within the court
from 4 p. m. to 6 a. m. Their hours ot duty are asv
follows: One policeman from 4 p. m. to 12 p. m.; one r.
policeman from 12 p. m. to 6 a. m. These policemen
will be changed taking their turn at the end of each
week.
"7. The duty of the police will be to quiet any
disturbances that 'may occur, and to preserve good
order in the place."
Open Violation of the Law.
The most astonishing fact in connection with the
above regulations Is that they are an open and flagrant
violation of law. On page 7S of the Penal Laws
of the country is the following:
"Any person who shall in any manner solicit or
be privy to.or aid or abet In the soliciting of another
to unlawful sexual intercourse or to go
to or attend at any place where a prostitute resides
or carries on her business, or where prostitutes aro
general! known to congregate or assemble, or shall
lead, conduct or any person to sucti place, or
act as guide or conductor for that purpose, or for
any of the purposes herein specified, or shall procure
any prostitute for any person, whether such
prostitute shall be actually taken to or conducted to
such person or not, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
and on conviction thereof shall be fined
noc more than five hundred dollars, or be imprisoned
at hard labor not over one year, and if such person
be a licensed driver such license shall be forfeited,
and he shall not thereafter be licensed to drive for
two years."
So that the territorial offic s oy condoning the
cesspool at Iwllei. the Board of Health by supervising
It, the police force by protecting it, the procurers
by engaging in it, are all equally guilty of breaking
the above law, and the punishment specified1 should
be meted out to them. viz.. a fine ot $500 or imprisonment
with hard labor for one year.
Doubtless incarceration and hard labor would
have the more salutary effect.
Officially Recognized.
Formerly the prostitutes of Honolulu were distributed
in the various sections of the city, principally
In Chinatown, but during the fires oi January,
1900. this part of the town was completely destroyed
and the. women were scattered everywhere. Then
a suggestion was made by the police to segregate
them, and the present buildings were erected for
this purpose with the full sanction of the territorial "'
authorities, who had a full knowledge of the purpose
for which they were to bo.used.
A notice was then served on both "masters" and
slaves, stating that thoy would -e arrested If found, '
plying their "business" in any other part of the city.
Immediately there was a general influx to this cess-
pool of Iniquity. Thus the foster parents of this vile
Institution are the Board of Hcau and the police
force. The monetary compensation of the former Is
the compulsory examination fee of the prostitutes,
and that ot the latter Is said to oe a monthly tribute
of 52 per capita of the same ,poor creatures.
This blood money Is In turn distributed among
those whoor lust of gain give their sanction to this
abomination of abominations, and goes to swell the
income of some who are consiuered leaders In the
religious, social and commercial world of Hawaii.
The institution is visited by all classes of society
and by representatives of every nationality. On one
occasion a reporter of The Republican asked one of
the policemen who was keeping watch over the place
If the majority of visitors were Chinese and Japanese,
and the reply was: . "-
"Oh, bless you, no. There are as many white men -as
Japanese or Chinese, and some of the best citizens
of the town are amongst them."
-" Human Vampires.
That such a cesspool of vice should be allowed to
exist in any part of the world over which the Ameri"
can flag floats Is a crylns shame and a disgrace to
the standard of a republic that sprang forth 'from'
the loins of tyranny and was rocKed In the cradle
of freedom. ?
It is an insult to womanhood, motherhood, fatherhood,
childhood, decency and virtue, and is a menace
to the home. Better far that the United States had
never taken possession or any of the Islands of the "
sea than that they should become a happy hunting
ground tot, human vampires, whose licentiousness
woHld put to shame the worst practices of the heat
then world. ,
Not satisfied with having oae such Institution In
Honolulu, or rather not satisfied that one company
should have a monopoly la the traffic In . human
bodies, there was Actual competition, and rival premises
were opened In the same neighbor-
hooc The territorial treasurer was one of the chief
promoters ot this opposition building. The same
gentleman (?) Is tne director of a corporation that
owns ave city saloons. With such men In office IW
Is not to be wondered at that the respectable aad '
thinking, people otUonolala have clamored and clam- '
ored in vain for the abolition ot this witSering; dannu?
lngr legalized cewpooL Batithe outraged womanhood
motherhood, and 'Christian manhood of this
cityjHiastjigain rally all their forcesaad demand the'
abolition cf this evil, aad soon at
.shall be tara dowiL the slaves liberated and this foal
bfotremoved from' the Paradise f the Pacific . t
- Shall thte be dose? ' rf
Let the people. of Honolulu themselves answers
' this auestlofi. ,, a"f
--
OH AvCENT5ROYAllrDCATH. v
t
Last night aQtwea died who waamrore thaa a OiUP
v vfrtmA nr maw wst .-- --.-
A potest Presence, rather felt than . i
In the she stood; v
rur nwr scure jeaxa ner siiewae nor her own
"Bat maid, wife, mother, widow; -
From private exercise of head aad. heart- ' -Hi
MKreae atunoas, mwiwii and afcmq,
waath' state met!be
trfavera well:;nCB"BitfctorrBd ell
There needs bo claaMrona pI from moaater hell
rx leu. viciona, agiaa mowa far thee,. 4
Vroad thy place aauwc a ieareat Dead! . 8"
. Heary8oddarhaW. Y.Mallaadxpre '
f.i"T
Jaaoary M. HOI.
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