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k ! a THE HONOLULU REPUBLICAN SUNDAY, DECEMBER 39, 1901.
o , s Ir Q i ?a K.. '. 'Sb ' r N ( t President IflcKinley as Commander - in JS E. BUELL, Ex- o the United w 1 Steles Special Commission : B to Porto Rico, vrho has devoted much of his life to taiegrapby and long distance became deeply Interested in tie methods or conducting th recent war. and particularly so In whatever related to oral and transmitted messages by telephone, telegraph, aad cables. He gives the following interesting 9UKT of the manner In which President McKinley, as Commander in Chief of the United States army and T3&ry. prepared for emergencies anl showed his high skill and exeentirr ahffity is conducting a war along w lhwe that will he forever aad that were th p?rt" (Job 0 rapid iaterchange of thought of scientific transmission of orders aiMl of commands from a superior ottcer to those acting under him. War Room Established. A war room was established in the Jtaocutire Maaston at Wash'ngton D. C. on the first authentic Indication that a waF would result frrtn the strained ratatloas between Spa n aad the United States. Maps of eerv yoesihle theater of such a war were hone on th walls of this r"on. and erery resource for a Commander In Chief to draw from in rondactmg a war. were obtained from the Oflee, Coast and Geodetic 8vvey. the Eagtaoers Corps War Department, aad Signal Corps A modern switch board accommodating tweaty wires, was placed in the war room, and the wires were provided with duplex, quadruplet, and all modern mechanisms, for the rapid transmission of telegrams, and cable- , grams: so. hat a score of operators ooolrt be employed in the vast work which was discerned on the horizon of the coralas war. Then a 'Cable Box for fifteen lines of telephone circuits was placed in the war room, and connections furnished to the French and Itnglish cables, and direct communication established from the Executive mansion with the presiding officer of both the Senate Chamber and the House of Representatives, the sight executive departments, and to the Capitals and commercial centers of fireign lands. President Directs All Movements. VTh.vj began on sea and Shore President McKInloy personally directed the movements, by his riven in person and avoiding the formal circumlocution which had before been common. Tho initial Qsmmaads were from the Commander in Chief to the official who was to direct the action. The President was behind every command sent to the armies and fleets The first orders of the President Commander in Chief were sent from the war room in the Exocutivo Mansion through thirteen thousand miles of wires and cables to Commodore Dewey then in a port in Japan, directing him Just how to proceed. This was January 27. 1SS. On February 27th he was directed by the President, as Commander in Chief to assemble bis fleet at Hong Kong, and coal-up. and was told: "Your duty Mrs. Page Goes Shopping to Match Her Husband's Cigars Mrs. Page has not been married very long, so her chief study in life is pleasing Mr. Pago. That young man receives her adulation with His wife Is a little short of perfection In his eyes, and he Is more tfca willing to leave most of the details of house-keeping In her hands. The other day ho Invited two men friends up to dinner, and after he had listened to his wife's prospective menu he oppressed perfect satisfaction. That's right" he said. "That's Just the sort of dtnnor that will please them. I'll get some good cigars down town and we'll be all fixed." Mrs. Pago foil a little hurt over the latter part of her husband's remark. Why did Henry always insist on buying his own cigars? She could get them just as well as not whUe she was purchasing the other things. Like as not ho would forget his old cigars entirely and then ho wouW be in a nice fix. That was what happened tho last time they had Mr Reynolds up to dinner, and if Mr. Reynolds had not happened to have some cigars in his pocket and had not been an old chum of Henry's the host would have been embarrassed. These two men who were coming tonight were quite formal friends, and Mrs. Page felt It her duty to save Henry from any possible blunder So after arraying herself In her street frock and hat she want into Henry's "den" to find ono of his cigars. Luckily 'for her there was one left and taking It out of the jar she wrapped it carefully in tissue paper. Then she carried It over to the drag store In her muff. There were several men In there waiting for a car, for it was a frosty day. Mrs. Page attracted considerable attention &s she swept past them, because she Is ,'Ehat her husband slangly calls a Todker." Approaching the clerk she fsaid In her sweetest clearest toaes: want to hoy some cigars. '"Yes, madam," said the roans clerk; smilingly. "What price, cigars want" "01 doa't know anything aboatthe of the United States Army and Davy H9aialooHiloHHHHBH rSRBaaaiaiaaaiaBBlar J&( r HwPIhRIHI alpaVjSlHt ViaViaalaiaHB'EiavflBSIfav' 4F -.i' vi'jnKE f.iaWv&k - utvQaKlaH UslPaisHBS&teVl & Sfi&MSiiH WBHIInWHriWTTtaWlamnim'ri?lf,av -'- PiHfWilTMinaMaa a liOiaaYtfeiaKjSsisRHiHaftaHKMaaHSB aaaaHjjcpAflrSiHJuaa1r'GfiPaff9aHSFale' aBE&Efx.jfipflSBSHSlaBi i?sSi3BB JStoBBB(B .fSFBaESKllIX PasmHnsBRwlaH olH(sSM WILLIAM Late President of Is to see that tho Spanish fleet does not depart from Asia." J Orders Sent to Dewey. On April 24th Dewey received the order from the President: ''Land all woodwork." This conveyed ever needed Information that war was in full sight, and this brief order will stand as a model for future commanders. The next day the direct information was cabled: "War has commenced, capture or destroy Spanish fleet" The next day Dewey replied denoting his full understanding of the situation. .On May first Commodore Dewey cabled: "Arrived Manila daybreak, captured eleven vessels, our squadron uninjured." On May 13th, from Cavite, a suburb of Manila. Dewey cabled direct Into the war room: '7 can take Manila anv moment." When war ships are about to engage In deadly conflict tt is customary to take out all wood work that would be liable to burn, and to be thrown as splinters, by the enemy's projectiles. The command: ''Land all wood-work," therefore conveyed to a naval officer the true situation better than any words short of statement that war had been actually declared. This apt command: "Land all woodwork," will take Its place In price, but I want some just like this one. He my husband always smokes this kind, -so I brought It over to match it" Meantime she had been unwrapping her little tissue paper parcel, which crackled loudly, and finally disclosed a somewhat crumpled cigar. There was a murmur of surpressed mirth among the waiting men. but Mrs. Page was blissfully unconscious of it She did not even notice how sudden- ' lv the clerk turned away nor how red ho got behind his ears as he sought the back of the store. There was a whispered consultation back there between the clerk and the proprietor, who asked In Sherlock Holmes tones, "Is she pretty well dressed? Well, give her 10 straight, mild Havanas." Tho clerk did so. Mrs. Page received her cigars and went on to market to buy her dinner. That night as she expected, her absent-minded better half forgot to bring homo any cigars. "Never mind, Henry; I got some this morning. I knew you'd forget them," said Mrs. Page, soothingly. Bat Mr. Page did not look soothed. Instead beseemed decidedly anxious. "Yon got some cigars!" ho exclaimed. "Let's see "em, Where did. you get them and how much did you pay?" He bit the end off one nervously and lighted it with studied care. "Why. that's not half bad," ho said, cheerfully-. "How-on earth did you do itr But Mrs. Page refused to telL Only after dinner did she divulga her secret Then while the men were enjoying their smoke they piled her so hard with teasing questions that "she weakened aad triumphantly told her little "scheae. Xoars of laughter greeted her story. "She matched It!" said one jovial guest pounding Henrv on the back In sheer excess ot cajoyment It as she would a piece of ribboa! "Well, aayhow," retorted Mrs. Page, nettled at their s&lrth, "I sees to hare succeeded better than oae of yo silly sen wosld have doae If I had Siveayo a jIece 'of riehoa to a&atciu"' ABd hey wre forced to adajfc it was trae. Chicago News. MKINLEY, the United States. nlonr with that of Grant's telegraph to Stanton:- "I propose to fight It out on this line II it taKes an summer," which conveyed to the Secretary of War the absolute success of the plan of "Flank Movement," which was to end in the capture of Burkeville Junction, and which no human power could prevent, as events proved. Watching Camara's Fleet. . Besides conducting the affair at Manila the Commander in Chief conducted a multiplicity of movements, and difficult affairs, with success for each. When Camara's fleet left Cadiz, and expectancy was at its highest. President McKinley was apprised of all of his movements; when he entered the Suez canal, and when he returned, the word went direct into the war room. While everyone was speculating on the next move of fleet, the President, by means of cipher messages, secret agents acting with the American Consuls, and military and naval attaches at European courts, with inviolable secrecy and business tact, sent every fact direct to the war room, and from the knowledge thus gained, the President directed Sampson to a successful locating of the hidden foe. The order was sent to Sampson: "Do not Motormen Now With Us to Gladden Our Hearts Consider now the motorman: Behold, he ariseth at the dawn of day and goeth unto the stables, and curryeth down his car; He putteth his ulster upon him, and setteth a large glove upon his mighty hand; And he leadeth the car out upon the streets, that he may worry the people. Ho seeth Uncle Josiah from the country driving in his piano-box buggy. And he sneaked up behind him with the gum-shoe tread of the weasel that chaseth the rat And when the car hath reached within two feet of Uncle Josiah's buggy he stampeth with his foot upon the gong, So that he maketh a noise like unto the anvil chorus. And Uncle Joslab jumpeth within his skin and sayeth begosh and begum and many other medderlot oaths. Yea. and Uncle Josiah's horse jumpeth It jumpeth sideways and slantingly and up and down and breaketh tho shafts and runneth a-down the highway and spilleth Uncle Jcslah over against a lamp post So that Uncle Josiah is garnered in by the policeman and given $10 or 10 days for being disorderly. But the motormaagoeth on his way rejoicing. Yea," he smileth in his sleeve and sayeth:, "Lo, that is a good start" Peradventure he cometh along onto where, there standeth a womaa who hath her darling child by the hand. And the womaa calleth unto tho child, saying: "Now, Willie, nigh anto the car, for & wili assuredly bBMb thee." Now, Willie straightway goeth toward the car, aad his mother yelleth and the motorman bangeth the gong and runneth the car so that it nippeth the httttooe froca off Willie's Bat the motors&n goeth o& hfe way rejoicing. Aad. after & time he cometh Into the heart of the city, where the people eUa4 apea'the ceraers aad make oUo& with their basis that they faia hie car. OTet he 'scoeteth past the with - Chief cripple vonr fleet acalnst fortifications." The President, at a glance could see on the maps of the wart-room, which had been provided with mini-J atore ships stock in place with pins. jost where every reported vessel was, l and as each new report by cipher message told their locations, the vessels were pinned in the positions which corresponded with the facts.! The game of war was played witn scientific skill for once. t An Eye On Santiago. The earliest information that fleet had entered the winding harbor oL Santiago, short of coal, was received direct from, a signal officer in Cuba. This verified information was known to the Commander in Chief days ahead of any reports by J newspapers, and orders were sent to the fleet commanders where to go.and how to proceed. The pin fleet on the President's map took the proper positions until they showed Cevera's vessels within Santiago harbor, and the American bat tie ships closing the mouth .of the harbor. "The theater of action was vividly represented under the very eye of the Commander in Chief, and every important movement Instant-1 iv discernaDie, wnen reponea. Seven wires in a cable that was transported on the backs of mnles through thicket and swamp, advanced with the army into Cuba, and its transmitted messages entered into the war room and communication was possible with several headquarters simultaneously. By such means disorder was avoided and the power which comes from organization under one judicious management made Itself felt, and the result was as success compared with - failure, when viewed with the results of old time methods which were practiced by Spain. Charts of An Invested City. Charts of an invested city were before the President The Americans were represented with a blue pencil, and the Spanish with a red pencil, and names of commanders In pin flags, thus giving a perfect method of keeping the movements of troops and vessels In hand. Fighting and 'parleys were alike seen in miniature and thoroughly comprehended by the Commander in Chief. In addition to all of this the Pres ident engaged in diplomacy, in the conduct of the internal affairs of Porto Rico, Cuba, and last, but not least he held the position of President in our own country as though there was no war, attending to every duty, and broadening the horizon of our future equal to any occupant of the Presidential cbair. President McKinley was a soldier. War was not a new experience with him. Ho was no theorist but possessed that knowledge which Is gain ed only by tedious marches, exposure, dangerous situations, and oft repeated fighting at close quarters with a strong foe seeking deadly conflict This experience gave to the United States another President who had won promotion on the field; a fearless, as well as a competent and practical man. The country was fortunate in having such a President to conduct its affairs when dealing with monarchy in the arena of. war. the scoot of the loop-the-loop when it feeleth its oats; Verily, he looketh not at them, save to grin with the grin of one who hath great gladness in his heart And the people who stand upon the corners do make vain utterances against the motorman and car and the company. They put up a blue monologue, indeed, Yet it availeth them not For the motorman goeth as he pleaseth and stoppetli when he - He Tunneth slow only upon the street where his girl liveth. When he reacheth her house he leaneth over the dashboard and waveth his hand at her and the car smlteth a colored woman who hath a week's washing in her arms, And the colored woman shouteth with a loud voice, saying: "Lan' sakes, white man. watdematter wif yo' !" For she hath been knocked over against a show window and hath glass In her hair and wrath in her eye. While the week's washingIs scat tered as the leaves of the forest Thus It is that the motorman goeth through the city, leaving behind him naught but bad language and disappointment and wreckage. Verily, the motorman mar yet be a problem that is solved, but now" he hath all things his own way. And it is better to stand from his .path than to become a martyr to principle and a, subject for the hospitaL Josh Wink, in Baltimore American. i Had a Good Time. A. J. Seell wanted to attend a Dsrtr. hat was afraid to do so on account of pains in ms stasaacn. waicfi be feared would grew worse. He says, T was lay traablea to a laaj friend, who said: 'Chamberlam's Colic, Chekra aad Diarrhoea .Rased? will petyoa is for the party. I bought a bottle asd tafce pleasare la statist that two deses cared ae aad esahted. ae to hare a good time at the party." Mr. Seell k a resident of Samara: Hnt, N. Y U. S. A. Thk resMdy is f&r.sale by aH drag. jrlsts aad dealers. Beseee, Smith St U&, ageeoi for JjawasL Up-to-date jeh prfatls at The Us pWcaa eSce: Phase 21&" - DR. W. R. BOGLE CfimOfOblJT. iw II. Ariwgtw BiiMMg. cobxs asd nraxowiNG TOE 2TATLS EXTBACTED. G. R. Hemenway, 8FF1GE: Boom 406, Judd B'ld'g TEL. 314 MAJ2T. r, r. KrviTrr.T. lx KUSSELL & WATS8K ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS-AT-LAW. Magooa Building, Cor. Merchant and Alakea Streets, Phone Main 323. John A. Hassinger, NOTARY PUBLIC, Agent to Grant Marriage Licenses, etc Removed to the Offices of Macfarlane & Co., KAAHUMANU STREET. J. M. VIVAS. RfiD JiOTAV PUBIilC. Post Office Iane. Honolulu. TeL STain 115. P. O. Box 244. R. Susumago PHOTOGRAPHER, Fine Cabinet Photos Only $3.50 per Dozen. Cor. of Itaakea and King Sts. THOMAS LINDSAY llannfactnring Jeweler And Watchmaker P. O. BOX 544 LOVEMJOOK 530 FORT STREET J. W. A. Red house Watch and Chronometer Maker. Plain and complicated watch work a specialty. Campbell Block Merchant Street Opposite Republican Office. JUDD & GO. Ltd. REAL ESTATE AGENTS STOCK BROKERS. 307 Stangenwald Building : V Phone 223 Main. ALBERT KALLWEIT NICE . CIGAR . STAND Adjoining Hotel Stables. Tobaccos of All Kinds. Cool Drinks On Ice. HOTEL STREET, Opposite Hawaiian Hotel. ALBERT BERNDT FIRST CLASS TAILOR. CLOTHES MADE TO ORDER Cleaned and Pressed. HOTEL STREET, Adjoining Hotel Stables Opposite Hawaiian HoteL Safety Razors $1.00 each. STRAPS 75c. UP at the Hawaiian Hotel Barber Shop Nletropoiitan Meat Co., Ltd 108 KIMG STREET. G J. - - - Manager. Wholesale and Retail BUTCHERS and WAVY CONTRACTORS ENCORE SALOON Choice Wines, Uqnora and &. DEMENT. Northwest corner Hotel and Nnnann Streets. DEPOT SALOON Honolulu Brewing and Malting Draught and Bottled Beer. King street, opp. O. R. & L. Co. Depot RYAN & DEMENT, Prop. Phone White Ml for Some GENUINE HISS'S BOOT BEEB, or GINGER AUB All kind of drtaks delivered to all parts of the citV upon the receipt oi order. . - ARCTIC Stria Water Wiffcs 127 Boy's Tool Chests FROM .50 TO 9SJ00. We have many other ales boU3& gilts to Boys. Take & look at or stock. Ifs well worth your time. Two storesTwo Wall 2Tio&oXg Cp,- t& OPEN EVERY EVENING. Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd SUGAR FACTORS. IMPORTERS OF General IDercbarpdrse COMMISSION AGENTS Canadian-Australian Steamship I in Lloyds, British & Foreign Marino Insurance Oo. Northern Assurance Co. (Firo and Lite). Canadian Pacific Railway Co. Pioneer Line of Packets from Liverpool i 3 1 - I Alpine Plaster Herring-Bone Expanded Metal Laib AND I Building Specialties. S Hawaiian Trading Co., Limited BIAKTrFACTTJRER'S AGENTS. 1142 Fort Street .. .. .-. .-. .-. Lovo Building. A Kodak in the Home The Children grow un and you 2 growing. Not only that, but all the "Interesting events of tho year. S y? The cost is small, because we are selling Eastman Kodaks at 20 per j5 8 cent discount, and quoting special prices on many holiday goods, g 2 Come early and make your selections. 8 i Honolulu Photo -Supply Go. X3t3&BXXXX3 IOJRT SOTJRISErr A Sweeping Reduction Sale . . OF HATS. SILKS. HOSIERY. UNDERWEAR. . HANDKERCHIEFS. BRACES. " JEWELRY. CUR1057 Etc-, Etc, Etc AT r3L dQ)wT ww wras"i VSP&SXBSXXSXSXE i lm imi JwiihXk (EM" - w - Jt1" y 2 i MERCHANTS. FOR A . V V have a pictured atorr of their V I nlim AiMHH. i BflwsHi Sajftjiw's. i$ 2