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ft'i DAILY HONOLULU PRESS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1886.
ft 1 Pf v. sc iU ho TKCB Jlmfy jf matlulu JVcss IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING At the Office, No.2g Merchant St. musts or fiirjtsvnri'Tiox. Per .... .$6.00 annum... s. i Sis moolhi i ....... .t 3.00 T hire mouths 1 1. 5" Per month 1...,. sects , , ( Postage nd.lilional. S" Subaevt'pllohx I'aftnMe ultra 1 In - Urief communication!! from all parts of the Kingdom will Always be verv acceptable. ... Matter Intended , for uublication in the editorial elumns should be addressed to Kuitox Duly Honolulu Pkss, Business communications juid auvertisements should be addressed dimply "Iluslncss Manager," DaIlv Honolulu Press, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. Advertisements, to ensure prompt insertion, should e handed in before 6 f. M. THURSDAY. , .FEB. 25, 1886, If Mr. Gladstone writes one half the political nonsence that the English newspapers publish as his opinions, he would certainly deserve quite another title than that of "the grand old man." It is very evident that a man like Mr. Gladstone, whose election expenses fall below $3,500 during a campaign, has some other hold on the people than would be warranted by the contradictory opinions which are published as authorized by him. Now comes a dispatch from Albu iiucfiiuc, incw juexiuu, vrnicn snows that an, Indian can become sufficiently civilized to believe in witchcraft. The Indian, however, did not follow the old method of burning the witch, who was a member of his own tribe, but was satisfied with the more humane treatment of braining her with an axe. Both the Indian and the alleged witch belong to the Zunis, a half civilized tribe of the frontier. Since the arrival of the steamer Alameda last Sunday the town has been filled with rumors to the effect that the U. S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations had passed a resolu tion which would be reported in the Senate, recommending that President Cleveland give notice that the Treaty between the United States and Hawaii be suspended. Our attention has been called to these rumors by several parties and in regard to; them we wjsh to say, that we do ,nbt believe there is the slightest foundation for any of them. , We are in receipt of information' directly from Washington by the last mail, which warrants us in denying their truth in toto. We do not think we are mistaken in the reliability of our information, as it comes directly from congressmen and others whom we know are thoroughly responsible men. We do not believe, the treaty is in ariy danger during this session of Congress at least. Tub increase, since the commencement of the year 1886, in the arrivals and departures of foreign vessels, over last year's record for the same period, is very marked and furnishes a suggestive argument against the " beauties .of monopoly.'' Out of sixteen arrivals of merchant vessels as reported up to the 33d inst., thirteen were American, one was British, and one was Hawaiian. Compare further, the number of vessels expected from foreign ports with the number expected at the same time last year, and the result shows that the number of merchant vessels now headed Jor Honolulu is double the number which were headed for this port last year upon the 21st of February. Since the virtual' breaking up of the shipping monopoly in .these Islands the result has been to treble the number of merchant vessels in port and to more than double the number of expected vessels; but beside this a healthy competition has not only lined our wharfs with vessels, but has very materially reduced the rates of sugar-freight tb the Coast. Breaking with the monopoly is costing our planters lower sugar prices for a while, but the commercial end to be reached justifies a costly means in this instance at least. It is now practically shown, that outside of the monopoly are being benefited by the operation of the Treaty. It will be a strong argument in favor of thfi' continuance of our Treaty w.ith the' United States when the question comes up for debate in Congress. With the monopoly in power, pur freighting was almost entirely under the control of a few men, and only such vessels as were allowed by the monopolists could carry freights hence. This state of things naturally excluded the competition of vessels outside of the monopoly, By analogy this argument might be carried to the benefits which would be derived from some political separations, but at ent this is notour purpose. ,V, 1.' ( HAWAIIAN FERNS AND FERN. EKIES. SECOND PAPER. Crbssinc a gulch near at hand and striking into a side road, wc tire soon on the edge of the forest and .can ride under their shade for sonic distance. Penetrating well into the depths of the wood we dismount and note the ferns crowing about us here. FERNS. The most conspicuous of all the ferns crowing on the kukui trees is the Aspkniuvt nidus of which we have seen specimens growing in Honolulu. The plant well deserves its name of "nest" fern. It loves to grow in the crotches of trees, especially the kukui, the wood of which is soft and decays quickly, thus furnishing food to the fern. The nidus sends out a circle of fronds from the center of its growth, each frond unrolling as a long lance-head-shaped leaf, smooth and without any "cuttings" or divisions. At first the circle of fronds are erect and form a crown of slender, flat, lancet shaped leaves. Then, as they increase in size they bend outward and give room for ah other circle inside of their circumference. The fronds keep on growing in width and length until the outside ones, sometimes extend over a radius of seven feet, with circle after circle of fronds inside each other diminishing to the first crown of tender frondlels. The color of the mature fronds is a rich, lively green, and on the under surface of each, from the tip to about one-third down the length of the frond, the veining, which is arranged in parallel lines at a sharp angle with the midrib, is covered with brown seed vessels. As the nidus fern increases in size the outer fronds decay and are replaced by others, the mass of fibrous roots increasing each year and soon affording a favorite home for other ferni especially the Ophioglossum pendulum, and elongata. The first of these is a sister of the little fern mentioned in a previous article as growing on the seashore, but in appearance is totally unlike it, except in its bearing its spores in a pod. The Ophioglossum we are now looking at is known elsewhere as the "adder's tongue," and its fronds are produced as long, thin green ribbons springine almost directly from the mass of nidus roots in which it grows, These ribbons are .often forked, and from their midribs spring a short stalk bearing a pod-shaped arrangement of capsules in which are the spores. With the Ophioglossurns are bunches of what might be taken for a coarse grass, were it not that down the edges of each narrow, flat frond is seen a line of dark brown indicating the seed vessels, which in this class of ferns the Vittatins are set in the manner seen, the grass-like frond being split to hold them. Here, we find the Vittarias twelve and fourteen inches long and a quarter of an inch wide, and very flexible. It is then called elongata. In other localities, where it is dryer and cooler this fern is found only three or four inches long and .very stiff and erect, and such specimens take the name rigida, but it is doubtful whether it is a "good" variety. Close at hand, occupying a notch in a tree by itself, is a fine cluster of As- plenium affine. The fronds of this plant are narrow and pointed, .quite deeply cut into segments and diminish ing in size from the lower ones, which are three inches long, to the tip. The seeding on the under side of each pinnule is very profuse and of a deep, rich reddish brown. The slender stems are smooth and almost black. and the whole plant resembles a sheaf of graceful green feathers. On the outstretched branches of the trees about us are many Polypodiums, The pelhtcidum is especially conspicuous as the fronds stand singly along the line of the creeping root that clings to the bark of the tree and extends itself further each year. Without disturbing the plant we can distinguish its clear transparent veins from which it takesits name and admire the regularity with which the firm, horizontal are dotted with conspicuous round groups of seed vessels. Near the are the lineari or lanceolatums belonging to the same family. These fronds are erect and quite leathery in texture; narrow and long, and are decorated on each side of the midrib with a row of round spore spots sometimes a sixth of an inch in diameter. It is often called the "button" fern on account of this double row of spoti, and it can boast of an almost endless list of syno nyms, each botanist who has hurried over the grouphaving seen and named it. browing all about us are the Asplen ia ms Irevisorum and Sandwieheanum. and Polypodiums crinale, and These are all Iarce ferns and form, with others, dense brakes as higli as one's head On the ground in the hollows at the bases of the trunks of trees are clusters of Asplenium erectum and fragile. They are both delicately cut little ferns with shining black stems and prettily -shaped pinnules with well maricea seedings, A erectum has the habit of producing young ferns from near the apex of its fronds and as these young ones increase in size, their weight bears the parent frond down until the little ferns can root themselves in the rich black mould. Thus they go on. earning the name of "walking" ferns from this Ijabit. A little closer and more extended search in this neighborhood would, no aouDt, reveal to usothef varieties. of lerns out in each locality we visit we cannot do more than briefly notice those plants which are more especially at Virm" C !ll ' -. .....w ju nc iyui pass over theground quite rapidly and not stop again until we are at least three thou- sand feet,abqye'trH?.sear ,Q, ,,. ' (TO.BE CONTINUED.) FOREIGN NEWS. : K " English X,nor Trouble!. London, February 13. Quiet pre vails throughout Leicester to-day. There is no signs of fresh rioting. The great firm of engineers, John Hcnn & Sons, of Greenwich nnd. Dept-ford pier, S. E., to-day sent their check for $10,000 to the Mansion House Re lief Fund for Unemployed workingmen. The Queen has written a letter ex pressing her sympathy with the sufferers by the riots last Monday and Tuesday. I he Mansion House Fund for the relief of unemployed workmen now amounts, to $100,000. Ihe Committee of Inauirv annotated by Childers consist's of Lord Wolseley, Lord Edward .Cayendish, Sir 'Henry Holland and Charles Ritchie, with Childers as Chairman. Besides the Chairman,Lord Edward Cavendish is the only Liberal on the committee. The first meeting of the committee will be held on Monday next. Hyndman, Bums and Champion, Socialist leaders, were served with a summons to-night charging them with haying incited a riot in contempt of law, etc. They all expressed them selves as being delighted at this action ol the authorities. Burnssaid that he would utilize in his defense some of Mr. Chamberlain's Socialistic speeches. The strike of hoisery operatives at iciucaici tic masters .ana workmen having failed to adjust the differences. Sontlis of Ifotod Mem. London. Februarv 11. Rev. John Tulloch, D. D., Principal of St. Mary's College, St. Andrew's University, is dead. He was born in 1821. Paris, February 13. Adolph painter and author, is dead. Significant Remarks. Vienna, February 13.---Herr a Galican Deputy in the last evening made a violent attack against Prince Bismarck's expulsion of the Poles from Prussia. The speech was loudly applauded. This excited Herr- Mengen, a German Deputy, who arose and remarked upon the significance of the fact that Herr Hausner, who was accepted as the spokesman of his party, which was conspicuous for pretending to advocate an Austro-Ger-man alliance, should receive applause from that same party for publicly abusing the German Chancellor. Herr Mengen declared that he could not but regard the occurrence as the inaugura tion of a war against the German side of the House. Papal Consistory Postponed. Rome, February 13. The Papal .consistory which was to have been held in March, has been postponed until June. The Pope's advisers consider the concessions to the Vatican contained in the scheme submitted on behalf of Germany by Prince Bismarck. insufficient. cnctjil Jtifocrtisnnntl&r Patronize Home Indus .fly! Cigar Manufacturer, v ," ''..it') ' Formerly of the Pioneer Cigar Factory, has opened a salesroom in the front part of,lhe Crystal Soda Works', N,o. '.Hotel Street, where he is prepared Infill all orders' at the lowest wholesale rates. AV "'. " ' " "'' &? Island orders solicited ,and promptly filled. Hawaiian Bell Telephone No. 298. ' Mutual Telephone No. 81 yr Pantheon Stables, v Comer Fort and Hotel Streets. VJsEkSV IBr .Sk Livery, Boarding, and Sale Stables. Catriages for hire at all hours of the day or night! also, conveyances pi all kinds for parties going around the island. Excellent Saddle Horses for Ladies and Gen. tlemen. Guaranteed Gentle. ' Large and small omnibus for Dicnles and mnir parties, carrying from 10 to 40 passengers, can alway be secured by special arrangements. The Long Branch Bathlne' House can always be secured for picnic or excursion parties by applying at the office. Telkhionb No, 31. 4- JAS, D0DD, Proprietor. WRITING PAPER, WRITING PAPER Now in stock, with additional Eastern Invoice en route, A fine varie'ty of,the CONNECTICUT VA I. J. K. V M ILLS IS.!"' '(" ; ;;v.' First Quality Cap, Legal, LetUr, Not and B Paper, Assorted weights. Also Marcus Ward's Iilsh Liner flat olio and Note paper, plain, or can be ruled up to suit any older, At TUOS. a, HI HUM'S T VISITING CARDS, BUSINESS CARDS " 'MF.NU. CARDS- "can be had t.o order at the ' '' ' ' ' ' ' ' PRESS 'PUBLISHINO'COS, OFFICE I H rial itoticcu. Notice. vmi ONS ARE KORninnRN ALt triist aw person on my recount, ai I will not tiav a y claims without my written oracr. j.j6hnson. Honolulu, Fe .'2I, 1886, Dividend Notice. ABIVIDEIsdQr FIVE I'EK CENT, on tlte catitdl Mock of the Hawaiian Bell Telephone Co. has been declared, and is payable on dclittnd, at the office, of thn Company,' on M rHianl street. qODFKEy. IJROWN. . l'rcst. H. B. T. Co. Honolulu, Pel, t9. 1SS6. , . 147.IW To Is Wanted. SET .BLACK-Smith ONE. Tods, 'with Bellows. Enquire nt Pacific Nayig: tion Go, '45".' w, wanted. BACK NUMBERS OF THE DAILY Honolulu iVess bf the folImvinS iMtpi. September leViO,', 18 19, 21", 23 and lb-, October 5. 6, W lo, 1885. A fair price will be paid for.any or all of above dales, and they will be scnlfdYon notifying. I'roprs. pxiLY Honolulu Press. Honolulu, FeL 11, 1SS6. Furnished Rooms. Conveniently and NEATLY FUKNISHED ROOMS, Sintrbor Double, can be had at No. 1 KUKUI ISTREET (near Fort.) Notice toi Business Men. SUPPLIES FURNISHED THE LU-5 nalilo Home Mill not be paid .for excenl such as have been ordered under the "written authority of one of the Trustees of the estate. S. B..DOLE, Trustee of the Lunililo Estate. Honolulu, Tauuary 15, 1886. Notice. CHARLES HUSTACE' HAS MH. been duly authorized, by power of attorney, to act for C. V. Grey and C. W. Grey & Co. during my absence from the Islands. (113.2m C. AV. GREY. Attention Change of Location. F. HEBBARD (AMERICAN EX H. press Company) has removed his J office to No. 66 Fort street (with T. A. Palmer), where he can be found at all times ready to do Carting of any description at a moment's notice. Office Telephone, 370; residence Telephone, 209 Mutual- Telephone f Company. 6citcnu JUtoevttBPmcnts. Crystal , Soda. Works. - M ANUFACTIKEKS Or SODA WATBE, alb, FLORIDA LEMONADE, Aerated Waters of All Kinds, Trait Syrups and'Essenoos. Our Qood ate acknOwIeged the BEST. NO CORKS WE USE PATENT STOPPERS' In all ciur Bottles. Jtar We invite particular attention to our Patent Filter, recently introduced, by.which all waters used n our manufactures is absolutely freed from all Impurities. -- . t3T We deliver our Goods free of to all parts of the city . ' 1 1 , .- . I Careful attention paid to Islands Orders. Address, 'THE CRYSTAL SODA, WORKS, P. O. BOX.3Q7, HONOLULU. H..I. Telephone No. 298. Orders left with Beiuon,'Sinitli'& Co.,' No. it Fort street, will receive prompt attention: - We also, are agents lor t le sale or J, W. Dlngley's CELEBRATED CIGARS Of his own manufacture. , mi. 17 N. E. BUMESS, CAlirKNTKn AND JiUJLTKJt, , Respectfully announces to the public that he lias purchased the TB.A.GGrA.Ga2 J3XI?XIISSS j ' , , Business recently conducted by Mr. G. M. Lake, at No. 84 K. ng street, which will be under the manage, mem of his son B. P. BURGESS. The Express will attend the arrival ol every steamer and promptly deliver FREIGHT, PACKAGES & BAGGAGE' , In Honolulu and vicinity. - ' rTjrH3sriTTjrDRB Sc PIANOS , Moved v.ith care, , HE. ALSO, HAS PURCHASF.D THE, Tobacco, Cigar and Soda Water, Business herctolore kept by Mr. J, W. Uingley, at 410. 04 rung street, wmen win oe conauitea oy nts son. G. W. nilRORSK. mil where vervthin? in the line of SMOKERS' AHT1CI.ES can be found, fit the best quality. Thanking the public for past favors' and guaranteeing to promptly execute all orders in either lineof.bim. ness,at reasonable charges would respectfully solicit share of publjc( patrpnage. ., v, , Office Telephone No. 1109.- Iteililtnce TnUpl'Otte No, 10'i No. 8it King Street' Honolulu. ' Scitcr.il ,tf)uci:ttscmcnttf. HOPP & CO., Manulacturers'and Deatersin FURNITURE, l f every description. Mattrcnacs and Jieddliiff. Special Attention given . tlPH'OLSTMMG Ol all klnds II. A' flf'Jii; 1ST Jobbing 'done " ai "reasonable rates. Jvo. 74 King', Street. Telephone No.it.i, T THOMAS "G. THRUM'S ' A FbRT.STRliET STORK, HREyEK'S BLOCK) CAN BB rOUNll AVFULt. ASSORTMENT 0 Fino unci Commercial Statlonory. VormsTiNC in tart of Note, Letter, Packet Port.Cap, Legal'i)Blll Paper' Gold, Steel and Qull Pent, black Writing and Copvi ing Inks,- Carmine, Violet, and .Bill mm. TREASURY MUCILAGE; Dixon's, Faber's', Guttneck's and Grossberger Pencils. Wood, Rubber and Celluloid ' , Penholder's. . ' ') , Papeteries, Visiting Cards, ' Cap, Letter,, Note and Memo Tablet! and Blocks In Manila and fine paper, Inkstands, Rulers, ' 'Envelopes, all sues, paper'and cl6th lined. STOAKES' AUTOMATIC SHADING PENS IN SEVERAL SUES, '. ' ' Very Useful in Oanamental Work, and INK 'POWDERS,' VARIOUS COLORS, I KOR USB WITIITIIK RAMK.' Plantation Time Books, Trial Balance Books, Log Books, ; LETTER PRESSES. pass, Memo, Time, Order, Receipts, Exercise , ' , and Letter Hooks. ' . Copying Brushes, Rubber Copying Sheets. Manns (Manilla) and( French (white) Copying Paper, Blank Books in VariousJJSizes and Styles of-Binding.'. Roll, Mounted and Manila Detail ,, DllAiriK(l PAJ'KJt. Photograph Frames and l'aswiiartouts, Autograph and Photo. Albums, Scrap Books, inlaid and Allotypes framed and untrained, Ebonized Easels. Brackets and Cabinets. Celluloid Sets of Comb, Brush and Mirror, Ladies Hand-Bags, Reticules, Baskets, Miawl I raps, bchool Bags, A Fine Variety of Pranks Birthday Cards, Poetical, Birthday and Miscellaneous Books Illustrated Letter Sheets. Pocket and Letter Maps p( ' the Islands. Maps of Honolulu.,; . Souvenir View-of Honolulu. Windsor & Newton's Artists' Materials, . Oil and Water Colors, Brushes, Palettes, Canvas, Oil and Varnish, Plaques, Oil Cups, eti 1 "J I Special or extra large books made up to order from WESTON'S LINKM RECORD PAPER, V COMPETENT WORKMEN," . In Any Style Desired. PAl'ER llVHNIt TO ANY PATTRllX, V: rAiTiirui.Lv; KxKCirrnn. A FULL LINE OF FLAT PAPERS, .Constantly in Stock, ji ir .1 .' ' ;' INCLOUISC MAKCU8 WARDS IRISH LINEN. "l '! 1"' . " ,. Mfti M W "ST.. 14ijU IN LARGK VAKIETY'or TIHTMOST rOf ULAITAUTIIOKS MUSIC, MAGAZINKS, PERIODICALS, LAW ' AND ; MISCELLANEOUS BOOKS, JIOTJXJt TO OlUllUl ON.Su'oitTNOTUIli Books R elating to Hawaii. .01) r '' 1 '.v.AH .Our Journal in the Pacific. Jarves History of the Hawaiian Islauds, Andrew's Hawaiian Dictionary. Andrew's Hawaiian pranimar. ' Whitney's Guide Hoof'' -' Miss Bird's Six Months in the Sandwich KUuJl.j Miss Gordon Cumming's Fire Fountains, , Hawa lan Almanac and Annuals Hawaiian Cook Book revised edition. , .. ' Hawaiian Phrase Books. Easy for Hawaiian?. WORKS OUT 0J? PllINT ' A Pew Copies Only. Hawaiian Club Papers. Honolulu Directory, and Historical Sketches fat the 'Hawaiian Islands. Hassingers Custom House Tariff and Digest, The Islander an 81 vo. weekly1 oumal, N'arch lo November, 1875. . Together with an excellent varjety of .MISCELLANEOUS .W.ORK?, ALBUMS; For sale by - --i TllON.'a, TlllWlU, " t. 100 fort Ht ."PENHOLDERS, ETC, Haskr's Assorted raNMOLDKiis. FA.HKR'S ANTI - NKRVOUS 'pF.NIldi.pEKS UnbW Holders, Cork Holders, Ivory and Ebony , Holders gold mounted. Ivory and Hone, . ' . ' Folders and Paper Cutlers, Faber's Tablet - ; Erasers, Denison't Velvet Erasers, Crystal Kubber, Rubber In wood- pencil shape. Thumb ,TucVs, . , , , 1'encil Protectors, Rubber ' Hands of various sires, etc.,' eld.,'' ' ' jror u'htiiuxt'a .ti, . vr ... ,l s Fct Stkkkt J5ts ,Hls W1 1 V (. (Stnctrtl JlbucftiocmcntfJ. yl" ATTENTION ! cfur store is full of Seasonable and Acceptable Gifts, such as a full line of BOYS' SUITS, SHIRTS, HATS, CAPS Hosiery, Handkerchief llnxes, Fancy Ornaments, Lace Wear, Table Mats, 1 ' ' Splashers, Slipper Patterns, Toilet Setn, iifeP19 .WA Unl sH"ffl&) JsE&a&M, !, fl csSIS5 ' Ll ' Come in and Look: at These Goods That the undersigned has this day received an additional supply of elegant Men's & Boy's Custom Made . Clothing. Shrunk. Well and carefully made, easy fitting, stylish cut and most- important, Every garment warranted as represented. "JE-I: 17 S & C IE SE Also, just opening this day, the finest, neatest, most stylish, nobby, well made, flexible S T K, J "W Ever imported here or anywhere else. tFIDRST Special 3Si 3Slit 232 HAS JUST ISerw Ooods per 'Mariposa' Iir.!ect from JSiiglaiicI, 1 - ,, COMPRISING . Fancy Coatings, Trousersings.and Serges, Tweeds, Gassimeres and Trimmings of Every Description. These Goods having been bought for Cash at tliq.. Factory .can be, sol al the very lowest rates. Workmanship and Fit Guaranteed. INSPECTION h B. F, DILLINGHAM, President & Manager. Paeific Hardware Oomppy . 4 No. 74 and 70 Fort Street. , '" Successors -to' Dillingham &, ;Co;, and SaniiioLJptt., . NEW GOODS BY LATE ARRIVALS: Carriage Whips A large invoice at very low prices. ' Bridles of superior manufacture. , A perfect success, The HICKOK CALCIUM '.BURNER, 60-candle power; The most powerful lightT ever .introduced into tnis marKet. , . . Kerosene Oil, fresh and pure, in quantifies tosuit.;' I Hardware, Agricultural Implements, House Furnishing Goods, Silver Plated Ware. , - New Goods constantly arriving. PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., Honolulu. 1 ''.- H, E. McINTYKE & BRO:,' ,., IM PORTERS AND DEALERS IN Groceries, Provisions and; ,'FeecL 3Tnnt Corner ITort f ,' 1 Errlbroidereil Fancy Pockets, ' ' (,.'.' Arasene. Chenille Cord l . 5; Pompons, . . ' Felts,"'- ' Pluihe,., ' " Tinselt, In All. Colon! . v , . GHAS. J, FISHEL. 97 tf 9 .BC Jk. T. SL 9 Notice, 'V 9. RECEIVED IS INVITED "8 -L - tf JAS. G, SPENCER, Secretary & Treasurer. und ICinK StrntH. . ' ,Ne,w Bood received by every packet from the Eastern Stateiand tiirope.' Ca 'ornla .?MHe y, every steamer.. All order faltliiully attended' to,' and. Goo'dl dellverad t anv, pan of. the city Lree of charge,', .Island er'dert solicited.',' Sa'tiifaetlo'n guaranteed.', Poll-office .. ,Bo5No. 145 ; Telephone No. 02. .,'-' 'Wl.i -. -. ''SIjy