OCR Interpretation

Navajo times. [volume] (Window Rock, Ariz.) 1960-1984, September 12, 1963, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047513/1963-09-12/ed-1/seq-4/

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Coal - To - Gasoline
Research To Start
The Department of the Interior
significantly advanced its research
program designed to hasten com
mercial application of the conver
sion of coal into gasoline when
Secretary of the Interior Stewart
L. Udall August 30 signed a $9,-
993.000 contract with Consolida
tion Coal Company for design, con
struction, and operation of a coal
to-gasoline pilot plant to be located
at Cresap, West Virginia.
Secretary Udall ntxed, “We be
lieve this type of Federal risk
taking in the hopes of substanti -
ally expanding the market for coal
is what the Congress desired when
it established the Office of Coal
The Office of Coal Research,
which began operations in 1961,
will supervise the project for the
Department of the Interior. Under
the contract, Consolidation Coal
will build and operate the Cresap
pilot plant which will be designed
to convert approximately 24 tons
of coal per day into gasoline. The
plant will lx; operated to determine
the process and equipment alter
natives which could enable a full
scale ‘plant to be designed and built
as a commercial venture by a pri
vate enterprise.
Secretary Udall said that suc
cess of the pilot plant program
flight open the way for a potential
large increase in coal tonnage.
This cc lid bring substantial bene
fits to coal-producing areas not
only through increased mine em
ployment but also through employ
ment in new coal-gasoline refine
ries and related industries in the
same localities.
Acting Director of Coal Re
search Samuel C. Lask) estimated
that the pilot plant itself will result
in addition of $4 million to $5
million to the local Cresap econ
omy in the form of wages, bene
fits and locally purchased mate
rials over a three -year period, l ie
added that should a full-scale com
mercial plant, consuming 10,000
tons of coal per day, be built as a
result of the project, it might pro
vide temporary employment foi
more than 1,000 construction
workers for two to three years plus
permanent employment of about
1,200 miners, operators, mainten
ance personnel, clerical workers
and supervisors when in operation.
This latter would represent an an
nual payroll of about $7,500,(XX).
Because of the natural growth of
the American energy market it is
expected that coal gasoline refine
ries, it proved economically feas
ible and built by industry, would be
to find markets without diffi
culty, Office of Coal Research spe
cialists believe.
The contract signed today rep
resents the second and third stages
of the five-stage program announ
ced on May 17, 1962. At that time a
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Established in 1916—Member F.D. I. C.
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™ f Gallup, N. Mex. W 1116 E. 66 Ave.
contract was signed with the Ralph
M. Parsons Company which cover
ed Stage One, evaluation of existing
data to determine technical and
economic feasibility. The procress
proposed for the pilot plant is be
lieved to be capable of producing
high-grade gasoline at approxi
mately one-half the cost of any
previous coal-to-ga sol ine pro
cess. Members of the General
Technical Advisory Committee for
the Office of Coal Research on
August 8, 1963, endorsed the pilot
plant proposal.
The signed contract covers the
Second Stage, further bench-scale
research, design and construction
of pilot-plant facilities, and Third
Stage, operation and evaluation of
the pilot plant. Stages hour, design
and construction of a full-scale
plant, and Five, commercial oper
ation, are expected to tie under
taken by private industry without
Federal assistance.
Secretary Udall pointed out that
the Department of the Interior de
sired to have the pilot plant de
signed, built and operated by a firm
with a background in the coal
gasoline conversion field. Consol
idation Coal Company, together
with Standard Oil Company of Ohio,
already had spent approximately
$lO million on their own in de
veloping the basic process to be
used in the pilot plant. Now, Secre
tary Udall said, with Federal finan
cing the pilot-plant program may
speed commeccial decision on the
process by seven to ten years.
All patents and proprietary
rights originating during the time
of pilot-plant design and operation
will belong to the Government and
will be in the public domain. Back
ground [>atents, owned by the orig
inal developers as a result of their
initial work, will be made available
to the public at moderate cost.
The Cresap project will be reg
ularly evaluated during all stages
of the contract. Initial operation of
the plant will lx- with coal mined
in the immediate vicinity. The Of
fice of Coal Research plans sub
sequent operations with coals from
other areas of the United States, to
obtain data necessary for possible
construction and operation of coal
gasoline refineries in these loca
if the pilot-plant achieves its
objectives, it is believed that a
first full-scale commercial plant
would be designed toconsurne about
3,500,000 tons of coal per year.
Waste material from such a plant,
“char,” might be burned in large
electric generating stations to pro
vide lower-cost energy for the
economic development ot the gen
eral area. Other related industries
might also develop, manufacturing
such items as aromatic chemicals,
electrode carbon and sulfuric acid.
Northern Navajo
Beauty Entries
Now Being Taken
All unmarrie.d Navajo Girls 15
to 21 on or off the Reservation are
invited to enter the Beauty Con
test to be held at Shiprock. New
Mexico, on September 26, 1963.
All those interested contact Mrs.
Harold Curtis in Shiprock, phone
2921 0! 6359. Mrs. Curtis will take
entires from September 5 until
midnight September 25, 1963.
Judging for the queen will take
place September 26, 1963 at 7:00
p. m. at the Catholic Center at
All girls interested in entering
the contest must know how to ride
a horse and must be in traditional
Navajo costume. SSO 00 will be a
warded to the first place winner
plus Indian jewelry. S3O 00 and
jewelry to the second place win
ner. Third place will receive
$20,00 plus jewelry. The three win
ners will lead the 40th Grand
parade, on Saturday, September 28,
1963. This will be the biggest on
the Navajo!
Facts About
Navajo Weaving
The Navajo Indians of northern
New Mexico and Arizona are best
known for their superb craft of
f rom the early Spanish colonist
the Navajo acquired sheep, as well
as horses, which enabled them to
lead the life of herdsmen. Thus
supplied with an abundance of wool,
they learned the fine points of
weaving from the neighboring
Fuehlo Indians who for many cen
turies before Columbus had been
expert weavers of native cotton.
Weaving among the Pueblos had
been a craft of the men, but in
taking it over the Navajos were
content to leave the new activity
in the hands of their women, who
were already skilled in basketry.
So well did they ply their craft that
by the early 17CX/s Navajo blankets
not only supplied the needs of the
tribe but had also become an im
portant article of trade.
Attend The
HORSE RACING Saturday and Sunday at 1:30 p.m.
Under Supervision Arizona State Racing Commission
RODEO rca approved Saturday and Sunday EVENINGS |
PLUS: Many Fine Exhibits, Fun, and Games ■
f C ;
. k P Bfe Bbas*. «***
FLEMING BEGAY of the El Paso Fleming Station, Chinle , Arizona, is
presenting a check to Judge Chester Hubbard, Sr., Chairman, Miss
Navajo” Contest Committee, as hisdonationto the success of the Navajo
T ribal Fair. ,
THE GARCIA CHINLE Trading Post also presented Judge Hubbard a
check towards the success of the Navajo I ribal F'air. The presentations
were made during the time the semi-finals for the “Miss Navajo”
Contest were held at the Chinle Subagency on August 29, 1963.
\ 9 P.M. TO 1 A.M. :

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