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Jniiaim Daily <£itnes INDIANAPOLIS, IND. / Daily Except Sunday, 25-29 South Meridian Street „ Telephones—Main 3500, New 28-351 MEMBER OF AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS. Advertising Offices —Chicago, New York, Boston, Detroit, G. Logan Payfle Cos. Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Indianapolis, Ind., under the let of March 3, 18T9. '■ Subscription Bates—By carrier, Indianapolis, 10c per week; elsewhere, 12c. By mail, 00c a month, |1.25 for three months, $2.50 for six months, or $5.00 a year. THAT DEADLOCK among democratic senators will not be likely to last as long as a recent one between miners and operators. fV HOTEL CLERKS have been advised that they can contribute greatly toward lessening the unrest -in the country. Most travelers will agree with the advice. ■ To Return No More "Prohibition, the sturdy doctrine-based on the right of a people to pro tect mankind against mankind’s own vice, ceases to be an issue in this nation today. The long years through which, as a political and moral issue, it has spread its influence throughout every niche of our public and private life, have culminated in an accomplishment that ends not only the issue but the influence of that issue. Beginning today, traffic in intoxicants is'as repugnant to the govern ment as slavery. The man who sells liquor commits the same offense against the government as the man who sells a human being into bondage. The change in our viewpoint of the transaction is no more radical than was the change from the days of less than a century ago. The property involved, the economic consideration, is no greater. Out of the toil and bloodshed of the civil war came the abolition of slavery by constitutional amendment. Out of a struggle none the less bitter because it was not attended by wholesale loss of life came the con stitutional decree against the liquor traffic. There might even be raised the question of whether or not the abolishment of the liquor traffic cost as many lives as slavery during the long years with which we have tempor ized with it. But today the struggle Is over. No more will we be guided in our estimate of the character of a man by the standard of whether he is dry or wet. No more will brilliant men, of character and qualifications, rise to voice contrary views of the right of man to poison himself with alcohol. It Is ordained in these United States that no more shall man profit by traffic In that which debauches and kills. It fs ordained that the great system of insidious poisoning by which elections were sullied, government perverted and individuals ruined, must, crumble and fade out from a nation that has outgrown a vice. Time will be required to eradicate the traces of this evil. The fight against liquor itself is not done. But just as an army of occupation finds its duties ancPnecessities slowly decreasing, so will the government find its need cf machinery for the suppression of liquor growing less. We have today no government department devoted to the suppressiotf of slavery. We will need, in a few generations, no department charged with the suppression of alcoholic liquors. Old John Barleycorn is dead in the United States today, and tlTe nation is a better place in which to live because he is finally dead. They Ran Away y The Indiana legislature, the general assembly that Gov. Goodrich once designated as “the best ever,” met, ratified the suffrage amendment and ran away. The women of Indiana are to be congratulated on the passage of the suffrage ratification. They obtained it only after a long and bitter fight, in which they finally brought to their knees all except three senators. Gov. Goodrich is to be congratulated on the immediate adjournment of the session. He asked and he obtained. Once more has he demon strated that among the republicans who hold office in Indiana his own selfish desires are more binding than the constitution, the interests of the public or the reputation of the office-holders. ' The republican majority in the legislature refused to heed the appeal of the American Legion for a home in Indiana. It refused to heed''the ap peal of the 'taxpayers of the state for relief from the iniquities of the tax law it forced upon them. It refused to amend the road law. It refused to appropriate much needed money for the state institutions. This republican majority in the house and senate admitted what the republican organization said. It attested the belief expressed by Chairman Wasmuth that “we seem no nearer ready today to take up other "matters of Importance.” And so this body of men, elected to represent the whole of the state of Indiana, confronted by the need in many important matters besides suffrage, yielded to the domination of Goodrich, acted on suffrage alone, and ran away. Years ago, when Indiana heard the call of Abraham Lincoln for volun teers to suppress the rebellion, it poured its blue-clad hosts into the federal army because It saw a duty and had the courage to perform it. More recently, -when the world arose to put an end to the power of one man whose "centralization” schemes menated civilization, Indiana’s brown clad regiments went forth to stand or fall in the performance of the state's duty. Yesterday the chosen representatives of this great commonwealth assembled In the shadow of Morton's monument, heard their duties to their constituents outlined, heard their chief executive admit the necessities of legislative action, heard their presiding officer plead for performance— and ran away. * Oh, Indiana, rich with the memories of duties done, can yon not veßt ycmr legislative rights in other hands than those of men who run away? An Impossible Suggestion An old Indiana law was passed to prevent the exposure for sale in Indiana of any paper, book or periodical the chief feature of which Is the record of crime or illustration of crimes committed. It is now suggested that this ancient, statute, enacted long before the movies were thought of, could possibly be Invoked to prevent the exhibition in Indiana of obnoxious and crime praising films. / However desirable it might he, the application of this statute Jo mo tion pictures is impossible of accomplishment. In the first place, a motion picture is neither a paper, book nor period ical. And If It were our prosecuting attorney could never be Influenced Into “seeing criminal intent” in its display in Indiana. Os course, If the republican legislature were now "able to consider questions of Importance that could come before it at a special session,” it might amend this statute easily, but we have the assurance of Mr. Was muth that It is not, and in the meanwhile the obnoxious films are as free of regulation as our state tax board. * * Good Times Are Coming s The croaker, the pessimist, the man who believes the country is going to the dogs, has just about run his course. The man who believes that conditions are all right, That the outlook for prosperity and improvement never was so bright, is Climbing into the saddle and radiating his confi dence all over the country. Business is good, capital can be obtained for i all legitimate enterprises and the American laborer has seen the light and Us showing his true character by kicking out the loud-mouthed agitators who have been trying to lead him astray. ' r \ There 1b no cause to worry over the future. There have been other when the outlook was far darker. We have just begun to emerge front a period of world war which has drained the nations of their resources and left us in the best shape of any of them. Unlike other countries, we are virtually without injury, like a man in a free-for-all fight and come out 'With a few bruises and tired muscles, but not seriously hurt. We have had time to rec,t from our exertions, we are about over the hysteria of turn ing loose after bottling ourselves up for two years and we are getting down to business again and picking up the threads where we laid them in 1917. . * // So why worry? Why fume and fret over the high cost of living, the high taxes, high wages,, high prices? Readjustment is under way. The great problems of our xfation will be settled soon, the trouble-making red will be in the discard, the matters that loom so big now will soon be out of the way, and we will be in our normal stride again. 'Let’s quit talking and get to work, bard work, and before we know it the things that bother na now will be in the past,—W. D. Boyce in the Saturday Blade, Chicago. Militarism Opposed By Gen. Leonard Wood “WHO’LL RUN FOR PRESIDENT?”-NO. 6 But He Is a Believer in Universal Training By 11. P. BURTON. Special Correspondent of The Times. CHICAGO, 111., Jan. 17.—MaJ. Gen Leonard Wood is, and for most of his life has been, a soldier. But he floes hot -believe in militarism, he- declares. . That is he does not believe in making America a nation of.-soldiers. He does, however, believe firmly In uni versal service -preparation of every able bodied male citizen of the United States for service in the defense of the na tion. Gbn. Wood talked to the correspondent in his office at the United States army headquarters :fof the central department here. V'We don’t want to develop milltarlsfn in this country,” said Gen. Wood in the very first strain of his talk, “and we couldn’t if any oe did want to. because our people doy’t want it. They feel 14 undemocratic, as it is. “Ours are a people who have always been averse to war for war’s sake, and the boys who returned from over there have deepened'mightily this feeling. Like most soldiers who have seen much of they hate It. , “Our people do want, however, I be lieve, a universal training for national service, a training that will put prac tically out of the question an unpro voked attack upon our peace. Such a training is the very antithesis of militar ism— Prussianlsm. It is a training of all classes together for full citizenship in BRINGING UP FATHER. MAIE-I DON'T ( : _ I [ TELL THE DOCTOR 't DID HE I 1I . S NO 7 * EXACTLY* f ~ \ r* T \ \ EE WELL know S ? • I HAD ELEVEN f * Wf H he W R Y/HAT YOU DOLLARS A*' S J ' DON'T TEEL. UN TO bEE. ****. . HERE L HAD? J HE ONLV J -1 f I ’’ -n ten::: (c) 1920 mr fury riATusi swvic. me. / ~/J —— ABIE THE AGENT. coxier J k Co\)U>Vt BE- II ** M — VY M \ FROM VAJViO COVILb f \ ? ( ifroia 'VNwti’Vje TPtfAS* J? rl %9S' HOW DO THEY DO IT? ■govs, THU fiorAU voo""*lSo£tiW<s COH- L ICKTCrt HIM , [ THoSt i I v/tu “TnEy'il / A ~ dmamw-USI f-^Esr/sV-s,] INDIANA DAILY TIMES, SATURDAY, JANUARY 17, lifcJU. MAJ. GEN. LEONARD WOOD. our republic, and wo will democratize our people s.a no other thing can. NO ONE IN U. S. WANTS MILITARISM. “Asa matter of obvious fact, then, we have no issue in America as to mili tarism- we don't Vant it, and no on* is going to try to force It upon us. “The great outstanding issue for ns today in America 4s the issue of law and order. This is the issue we have got to meet and to master. We must see clearly that if we give hostage at all to anarchy, then automatically stops all our progress and all our business of life. “A nation, to be an effective force, must needs have stability Just as a hu man being must have it; and national stability can he had only through re spect for its laws and the maintenance of order. t “These are basic principles, and in tne welter of windy talk that we have suf fered from recently, we have more or less loosened our grip on them. But they are eternal laws for they are baseA on political truths discerned by our sagacious forefathers, the men of 1776. “We, must grasp again the stern neces sity of respect for our constituted au tliorlties so that our government will function again normally exactly as con templated under our very efficient con stitution. We must maintain a respect for property, as we must Insist on n square deal for labor and capital alike. But above all we must insist on more respect, on an absolute respect, for the hO per cent of our population that stands between these two. We want in Amer lea no privileged class -no autocracy of wealth, nor by the same token no outoe racy of organized labor either.” WILLING TO BE COLONEL’S HEIR. .. This sounds indeed as though Gen. Wood’s beloved colonel had come to stand spiritually at his elbow and re minded him of “the third side of the triangle.” So I spoke of his great friend to Wood. I “When I /am called the colonel’s ’po litical heir’ I never apologize,” said the general. “Any man must shape and modify his political tenets from contact with his contemporaries; there are no political Minervas jumping from the brain of Jove, and certainly no man could fall to sharpen his be liefs on the fine mettle of the colonel, foremost Americau of his time.” “When we talk of respect for law nnd order, loose-thinking radicals Infer we are in reality placing the game of capi tal. That Is not so. “Wealth truly Been, is the servant of the people, not their master. Therefore It should he so t employed for the general betterment of alt. This can be done nnd will prove that wealth, properly utilized by a natiop, becomes the direct Largest Hog Killing Plantain World Is Here in Indianapolis Indianapolis’ principal Industry from the value of product is slaughtering and meat packing. In 1918, 1,394,452 hogs, 268,428 cattle and calves, and 15,903 sheep were killed. Among the packing companies are Kingan & Cos., Ar mour & Cos., IncHanapolis Abattoir Company, Brown Bros., Worm & Cos., Hilgemeier Bros., Meier Pack ing Company and Wheeler Dressed Beef Company. Did you know that Kingan & Co.’s plant was the largest single hog killing plant In the world? — One of a series of articles prepared for The Times by the convention board in charge of arrangements for the convention of the Associated Ad vertising Clubs of the World, to be held in Indianapolis in June. agent # of national prosperity shared by all. “To pain this end we should pladly encourage legitimate business, but re strain just as forcefully business that is harmfiil and dangerous. Let us not lose sight of the fact that without good business in full flower we can not have prosperous or contented labor conditions. The real remedy for the high cost ot living is to be found in increased pro duction and increased efficiency. This is essential to establish proper domestic conditions and to meet the competition soon to come for overseas trade. “Today the worst enemy of labor are those who advise a reduction of produc tion. We must keep up our wartime thrift. Ml'St DEMAND RIGID,ECONOMY. , “We must demand rigid economy In government operations, too; and in or der tljat too much of our working capi tal is not used to pay off the war debt we must spread the payment over a longer period of time, thus aiding not throttling, the present business of the country. We should have a national budget system by all means. “Another point: We must scrutinize from this time forward the character of our immigration more carefully than ever before, and do this before It goes on board America. We have put Just about all the sand in our eeinent it will stand and we have got to con tinue to keep the American spirit pre ponderant -the belief that we may find all our liberties under the constitution. Every step away from that constitution, is a step toward anarchy. “Beal Americans realize today otir watchword is ‘steady!’ and that this is not the time for new adventures, but. Indeed, the time to hold on to the prin ciples and policies that made us what we are today—that our work is to build up more consciously than eTer a spirit of intense nationalism as contrasted with a loose-flbered Internationalism. “If we arc going to be a force for good in the world—and we are going to— it will be because we are a strong, well balanced people with a strong national spirit and with the right kind of na tional conscience. We want to help all the world, hut to do that we have got to be Americans first!” Gen. Wood originally trained to be a doctor. He got into the array as a phy sician, but was shitted to the line In 1898. After the Cuban war be was placed in charge of the job of building up out of that medieval nation a modern state, modernizing 2,500,000 people in three years. Tills gave him a broad business traininar He accomplished the gigantic task with an expeditiousness and pre cision brought him national fame, and from that time on he has had one constructive job after another, ending with his remarkable and unembittered work in creating here at home armies for the crushing of the Hun. All this past shows today In the gen eral as he talks. The “General” In Gen. Leonard Wood stands for general Infor mation; any one who meets him. and talks to him will be willing to tell that to the political cosmos—and it had better listen, too, if it is playing wise politics! O'i’llAHl’ljl ikllVl il\M.lna —yCJ, ywui ■'uuiavbiwiu'ij Most people like animals. Some delight in snakes, and revel in the pages and pictures of “The Reptile Book,’’ by Dit mar, and “Snakes of South America,’’ by Fitzsimmons. Lovers of cats are pleased to find .“The Book of the Cat”—full of adorable fluffy tabbies of every variety. ■“The Book of the Dog” is equally fasci nating, and Wllmot’s ‘'Life of the Ele phant” and “The Monkey Folk of South Africa,” IS 'interesting. Enos Mills tells about “The Grizzly.” Library shelves are frtTl of bird books. “Wild Birds, in City Parks” is by Walter. “The Book of the Tarpon,” by Dimock, is for fishermen. Here the Reader Says His Say GROWTH IN DEMOCRACY. Editor of The Times—A man well known among religious and educatibnal circles of our country said the other day, “It is easy to poiht out the blunders and sins of democracy ; n it takes grit ‘and patience to build a democracy which will stand.” • To my notion the true doctrine of de mocracy is the doctrine of perfected mahood. s No man is genuinely qualified for a place among a people enjoying self government who is not a righteous man —a whole man, ruled by the desires of a pure heart held In his own hands. The enjoyment of human liberty pre supposes human excellence. For how shall a righteous man enjpy liberty if beset with men inclined to wickedness? The only hope is to 'repress the rising of wickedness, and, then, that is not liberty for those men. So the beauty of the fundamental prin ciple of democracy is that it calls for in creasingly better and still betted men in order to realize that ideal of men fitted to live together In. brotherly fashion. T have always Insisted that intelligence and knowledge are great aids to right eousness. I know- full welt that the things I have learned of the teachings of others have helped me over many hard places In life, and the strength of mind, will and desire v thus imparted is my stay and support today. I consider that greater intelligence, as the basis of a broader judgment, is one of the supreme needs of our po litical life. To cite a single instance where that would be supremely help ful, I may appeal for consideration of what the preferential ballot for our pri maries—and, if we could be persuaded to it, our elections following the pri maries—might mean to civic life if; we possessed and exercised the intelligence measurable to our privilege therein. It is a most solemn conviction with me that preferential voting with conscientious ex pression of first, second and third choices amor g candidates, however many might wish to enter the field, would work Incalculable improvement of our public service. Because mischievous political manipulators are now predominant (I presume'), this, like other vital reforms of the past, can but elowly_ fight Us way to the front. “Because of their ignor ance,” it will be said (by, the mainions of evil this time) that the people may not and should not be allowed to im prove their condition. Ignorance! and “none are so blind as they that will not see.” Sometimes we are esteemed to be so steeped in Ignorance that we never can l>e our own masters, and our great est shame is ti at we accept such Judg ment. LEE MITCHELL, Carbon, Ind. A TELEGRAM IS A “ONE-PRICE” ARTICLE. AND THEY GAVE A GOOD SHOW. IkfeJtkMl A Column Conducted Under reetion of Dr. Rupert U. S. Public Health Service^ Uncle Sam, M. D., will answer, in this column 'or by mail, general interest relating only to sanitation and the prevention of It will be impossible for him to questions of a purely personal to prescribe for individual diseaseg^By^' dress: INFORMATION EDITOR, V. s. Eubllc Health Serihn:* WASHINGTON. D. C 7 The medical examination for military service showed that about one-third ol the men suffered from physical defects which made them unfit for active military duty. A large proportion of the de fects discovered could have been pre vented if attended to in early-life; others could still be cured or relieved by proper medical attention. A The time for patriotic service passed. The health of the youth of nation, Indeed, of all citizens, is the greatest asset of the nation. We must not lose the lessons of tins war; we have paid'too high a price for them. It is your duty to your family, to yourself, and to your country to keep well, to Improve your health to the high est degree, to assist in making the nation strong and fit for ihte great tasks ahead, and for the happier and larger life that awaits the people of this -war-torn world. Q. My 8-year-old boy has had a run ning ear lor six years. It developed after measles. I had his adenoids and tonsils removed in April, 1910. hut the trouble persists. What shall I do?—'‘Anxious Mother.” A. —The most, common cause chronic otitis media (running ear) Is do® to a bone necrosis and that the child so suffering is potentially in danger of losing its life through inteivening attack of mastoiditis. Too great emphasi®, therefore, can not be placed upon’the im portance of the mother taking the child to a competent ear specialist in orfier to have this ear treated skillfully and in strumentally if necessary. This condi tion is too serious to temporize with. Q: I am suffering from what the doctors call chronic myocarditis. Please tell me what' kind of diet, exercise, wfirk and rest will be best for me. I contracted this trouble in the army. A. It is not practicable to outline for you the kind of diet, exercise, work and rest which would be indicated in on® Buffering from chronic myocarditis. Sine® you say that you contracted this ble in the army, it is possible that are entitled to f.-ee medical care under the provisions of the war risk act. If you are entitled to free treatment, be sure to place yourself under the su pervision of a qualified physician follow his advice. Q. Is there a cure for whooping cough? I have been told that a serum is now being used with suc cess. A. vaccine and serum treatment for whooping cough has not been at tended with much success. Asa pre ventative for immunizing children ex posed to the disease, the vaccine has been rather more successfully used. Your physician was probably correct when be advised you that the disease usually runs Us course, and that the only treatment Is directed to the relief of the distress ing cough. Q. I would like to have ail the Information about weak lungs and pleurisy. Also please, tell me jf I should have a change of climate. * A. If you will send me your ammo apd address. I shall send oyu a num ber of pamphlets dealing with losls, and also a pamphlet discussing relation of climate and tuberculosis. DOCTOR WASN’T WISE.