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Tonight and Friday, partly cloudy; little change in temperature. vol. xxxn. ADAMS INSISTS ON PUNISHING WRONG EDITOR Can’t Understand Separate Responsibilities of Managing Editor and the Editor. CONTEMPT ACTION LAGS The contempt proceedings insti tuted by Claris Adams, prosecutor of Marlon county, against James L. htilgallen, managing editor of The were still pending before judge James A. Collins when court opened today. The proceedings were filed by Adams two weeks ago tomorrow and the de fendant has been in court on three dif ferent days, on each of which his counsel has attempted to make it plain to Judge Collins that, although Adams knew at the time he filed the contempt proceed ings who was responsible for the alleged contempt, he had chosen for reasons that remain to be made public, to bring the proceedings against the wrong person. At the conclusion of arguments by Samuel Dowden, Walter Myers and Henry N. Spaan, yesterday, the prosecu tor was standing alone on his chosen premises that because Mr. Kilgallen had acknowledged that he was managing editor of The Times he was personally responsible for the whole editorial policy, all expressions and every publication of the paper. EXPLAINS DIVISION OF AUTHORITY. Mr. Kilgallen. in his answer, which all legal authorities declare and the prose cutor acknowledged was binding on the eourt, had previously explained that his duties as managing editor applied to the direction of the news department and that such expressions of editorial opin ion and comments as those of which Mr. Adams complained were, under the dlvis- 1 lon of authority in the newspaper off'ce, under the control of Robert A. Butler, who Is the editor of The Times. At no time in the pleadings did Mr. Kilgallen attempt to disavow responsi bility for his conduct as managing edi tor, but both he and counsel made It plain that he was not responsible for the alleged contemptuous articles, either per sonally or through his position with The Times. PROSECtTOR EVADES THE PROPER OOTRSE. This point was fully explained to the court by Walter Myers in Ms argument on the smfflciency of the answer to the citation, in the course of which he pointed out that if a contempt bad been the proper action would be a*citation against Mr. Bntier. who, it was asknowledged. had written and caused to be published the matters for which Adams was seeking to punish Mr. Kilgallen. Mr. Butler was in the courtroom, as he has been at every hearing In con nection with the case, awaiting any in dication of a desire on the pert of Adams to cite him for contempt aa the person responsible for the facts and opinions which the prosecutor declared were <g>ntemptnons. ADAMS’ DEFINITION OF A MANAGING EDITOR. Mr. Adams devoted considerable time to an effort to cover his misstatement as to the responsibility for the alleged contempt by arguing that a managing editor was the directing head of all newspaper enterprises, and even went os far as to portray a managing editor as corresponding to a managing direc tor of a corporation. At the conclusion of this rather orgi nal definition of a managing editor he asked the court to take "Judicial knowl edge” of his definition and regard his statements as undisputed facts, a request that Mr. Spaan hastened to pronounce as ‘'preposterous,” with an apology for the necessity of applying such a term to the says he WIFE RIFE LATER. Judge Collins asked for citations and informed the defendant that he would notify him when he was prepared to rule on the answer. The proceedings against Mr. Kilgallen grew ont of the publication of an appeal by The Times to the Indianapolis Bar association focr an Investigation of a statement by Charles W. Ro’.llnson to the effect that he had personally appeared in the grand Jnry room and examined witnesses in behalf of two clients, and an editorial concerning the investiga tion of the conditions that obtained at the connty Jail and resulted in the indict ment of Sheriff Sillier and others. W. C. Niblack, Banker of Chicago, Expires CHICAGO, May WllKam C. Niblack, vice president and treat officer of tbe Chicago Title and Trust Company, died here today after an Illness of several months. He took an active part In democratic state politics and was a close friend of President Wilson. Niblack wag (15 years old and was born In Indiana. W. C. Niblack was a brother of Mason J. Niblack of Vincennes, candidate for the democratic nomlantlon for governor In Tuesday’s primaries. A sister, Lyda Niblack, lives In Indian apolis. His father was W. E. Niblack, former Judge of the supreme court of Indiana. Bolshevists Send Out Call for Aid LONDON, May O.—A proclamation has been Issued urging all bolsheviks, wher ever they may be, to leave their peace time pursuits and hasten to the Ukrainian front, according to a Central News dispatch from Helsingfors, today. “A super-war council” Is being formed at Moscow to combat the advance of the Poles through Ukrainla, said a Russian wireless dispatch from Moscow, picked up here by the admiralty today. Three Miners Drop 1,200 Feet to Death SHENANDOAH, Pa., May fi.—■While be ing .misted to the surface at Bast Miue today, three miners were instantly killed when the cage upset, hurling them to the bottom o>f the shaft, a distance of 1,200 feet. This Thief Disciple of Izaak Walton *_ They'll soon he biting. At least, a thief who visited Frank E. Trosky’s home, 2945 North Nee- Jersey street, thinks so. Trosky tolii the police someone carried off three steel fishing poles, one split bamboo pole, four reels, a pair of hip boots and a hunting coat Published at Indianapolis, Entered as Second Class Matter. July 26. 1914, at Ind., Dally Except Sunday. Poetoffice, Indianapolis, Ind., under act March 3, 1879. First Straw Hat Makes Appearance Oh, boy, didja see it? Yes, slree, right on Washington street —no, no, right on his head. It looked a little like one of last year’s models, but the wearer might have been one of those foes of old George W. High cost. Anyway, it looked good, though chilly— that straw hat. Tires Sparing Spare Tires to Robbers Most people think the high rosf of gasoline is what makes an automo bile a luxury. Not Al Wormser, commission mer chant, 31 North Alabama street. 8 pare tires, he says. The other day someone removed his spare tire from his machine, but Al just grinned and took his medi cine. This morning shortly after he parked his car near his office another spare tire dbappeared. This time he notified the police. Ask Special Care of Women's Prison 111 Provisions for special care for women who become ill at the woman’s prison are recommended by the Marion county grand Jury in a report to Judge James A. Collins. Hammond Steps Up With WASHINGTON, May 6.—The census bureau today announced 1020 population results for Hammond, Ind., as 36,004, a gain of 15.079 or T 2.1. Wall Street School of Theft Revealed NEW YORK, May 6 Messengers for brokerage houses were trained after be ing carefully selected, to steal bonds from Wall street firms, according to a confession which authorities declare was made by Big Ed Furey, held in con nection with the bond theft. Furey In his confession denied he was connected with “Nicky” Arnsteln or Nicholas Cohen. See What Esther Got Herself Into! CHICAGO. May 6.—" Haven’t we met before?" Esther Mat Ison asked Erwin Moeller, at a soda fountain. “We used to live next door ten years ago,” he told her. They live together now, aa Sir. and Mrs. Moeller. Yankee Cash Can Save Calamity in Germany, Says Noted Writer By YVES GUYOT, Famous European Financial Writer. (Written Exclusively for the International News Service.) PARIS, May 6. —The most logical method for Germany to avert a finan cial catastrophe is to appeal to the bankers of the I nlted States to take up her entire debt to the allies on a long term arrangement. The Germans declare their wllllngnessi U> pay the allies everything possible. If Germany is able to pay the allies what later Is considered sufficient then she is obviously able to pav American bankers substantial interest on the sug gested loan. It la only by negotiating between busi ness men that a catastrophe can be avoided. The question of indemnity is not merely financial; it is really political. France can not consent to dx the total amount of German Indebtedness because the treaty of Versailles does not an thorize it and the treaty of Versailles is law so far ss France Is concerned. If Germany can float an Immense loan in the United States it would solve France’s exchange situation Immediately because we would then be dealing with America, directly and could obtain much needed credits. I am afraid the allies are approaching the forthcoming conference at Spa with out sufficient preparation. What Is needed is a final expression stem the allies which would say to tbo Germans: “This Is out last word. Take it or leave It.” fVe can not wait indefinitely for Ger many's payments to France. France needs capital now and must have the entire amount of reparations within fif teen years. Therefore the sooner pay ment is made the better. DOPE ROUNDUP CATCHES 3 MORE 2 Terre Hauteans Give Bond and Other Goes to Jail. Three more charged with violating the narcotic laws in connection with an al leged dope ring in Terre Haute, have been placed under arrest, Mark Storen, United States marshal, announced today. Deputy Marshal C. E. Whicker ar rested Harry J. Rogers, Henry Nolan and William A. Dorgnn, all of Terre Haute, on charges of transporting drugs. Nolan and Dorgan were released on ?1,000 bonds and Rogers was sent to Jail through failure to furnish bond. James A. Hiatt and George W. Denker of Richmond were placed under nrrest by Frank S. Ream, deputy marshal, and are being held Hinder a bond of SSOO each on a charge of violating the pure food and drug act. They are alleged to have sold certain germicides which failed to contain the drugs attributed to them. Bandits After Auto Flee From Shotgun Karl Mills, 14tS Pleasant street, has a nice car. He thinks well of It. Two bandits happened to take a liking to It, too, and shortly before midnight Mar lied to break Into Mills’ garage, i Unfortunately—for the bandits— Mills was Just getting home about that time and saw Mr. Bandits. Mills weft upstairs and got a shot gun. Neighbor?, told a reporter It sounded like Chateau Thierry. The bandits are reported to be still on double uaick retreat. Jndiaua Sail® (Junes BENSON BALKS AT SAYING SIMS’ CHARGE FALSE Doesn’t "Think’ He Told Him ‘U. S. Would as Soon Fight British as Germans.’ BUT HE WON’T SWEAR IT WASHINGTON. May 6.—Admiral W. 8. Benson, before the senate naval inves tigating committee today, said “he did not think” he told Admiral Sims that “We would as soon fight the British as the Germans.” Sims previously charged before the committee that Benson, who was chief of naval operations during the war, had told him this Just before he started for England a short time before this coun try declared war. “I do not think I said that, but I can not deny it under oath.” Benson testified. "Whatever was said,” he insisted, ”w.is to impress upon Admiral Sims the deli cacy of the situation when he was sent to London.” CHAIRMAN HAFE PI TS A QUESTION. “Did you ever have any Idea that we could possibly fight on the side of Ger many?” Chairman Hale asked. "No sir,” Admiral Benson replied. “I can't recall my exact w’ords, but I cautioned him to be very careful in his conduct and called attention to the very delicate situation that then existed. “We had been directed to maintain strictly neutral relations and I gave him very earnest instructions along that line.” "Do you recall warning Admiral Sims not to let the British pull the wool over his eyes,” Hale asked. "I do not," the witness replied. CAN’T RECAFF EXACT LANGUAGE. “It would be Impossible to repeat the language used. “Our conversation was very confidential and as 1 felt very strongly about the sit uation I probably used very forceful language to impress upon Admiral 81ms that his feeling toward the British must not he allowed to lead him into any in discretion.” Asked if he repeated the warnings to Admiral 81ms in London after war was declared. Admiral Benson said: “When I went to London in 1917 there was a feeling that through some influ ence or other Admiral Sims was being persuaded to give too much attention to British shipping and was using de stroyers for that purpose instead of for protecting our own ships. DECLARES CHARGE PERSONAL INJUSTICE. •i told him that this feeling existed and advised him to be more careful both for his own sake and for the sake of the country. “Kvery one tn the navy department knew how T felt about the whole situa tion and it was a source of personal gratification to me to see the two serv ices fighting side by side. "1 have many friends In Great Britain and the British government has decorat ed me. “The Injustice done roe and the em bnrrassment It places me under makes it (Continued on Page Seven.) M. Gnvot’s suggestion for a Ger man lonn in the United Staten Ik not favored by the French government, which contend* that Germany Ik able to pay her debts, but 1* unwilling to do to. BRIDE ACCUSES PRISONERHERE Robbed of $4,000 and Deserted in 4 Days, Charge. Information reached the police today charging that Tt. M. McKnight, alins Reid Murray, alleged bigamist, held in India)) - apolls for Brownsville (Tex.) authorities, defrauded another woman out of a large sum four days after marrying her. Incidentally this Information gives the name of George A. Adams as another alias. Writing from Far Roekaway, N. Y., Mrs. Adams claims she married him in Pittsburg, Aug. 15. 1918, and that Adams, or McKnight, left her in Eagle Pass, Tex., Aug. 19, taking with him $4,000 of her money. She advised the detectives to search McKnight closely for money, assorting ha had often kept large sums in secret pockets. McKnight was taken into custody by Detectives I/arsh and Stewart in Irving ton Sunday on information from Browns ville that he had been indicted for swin dling a woman out of SB,OOO after mar rying her. It Is also claimed he disappeared with a sum of money belonging to a woman in Laredo, Tex. Sheriff' W. T. Vann of Brownsville is supposed to be on Uls way to Indian apolis. McKnight Intimated he would fight ex tradition. Faith Follower Fights Conviction NEWARK, N. J., May B.—The case of Andrew Walker of Bloomfield, convicted of manslaughter hy n Jury late yesterday as a result of the death of his daughter Dorothy, will be carried to the supreme eourt- of the United States if necessary : to obtain a reversal of the verdict, his , attorney announced today. Walker was charged with gross negli- I geuce in allowing his daughter to die | from diphtheria. | He and his wife' are Christian Scien j tlsts. The daughter was treated by Christian | Science practitioners. N. Y. Lawyer Named on Commerce Board WASHINGTON, May ft. President Wilson today -nominated Mark W. Pot ter of New York to be a member of the I interstate commerce commission. PottPr is a lawyer anil president of the j Carolina, Clinchfleld & Ohio R. R. He [ has been prominently Identified In farm j development work. | President Wilson also nominated ex | Gov. MaC&ll of Massachusetts to be a member of the United States tariff com mission. INDIANAPOLIS, THURSDAY, MAY 6, 1920. OLD TIME BALLOT FRA UDS SHOWN UP IN COUNTY RETURNS r' ' Wood, Fesler and Lemcke Saved From Possi ble Defeat by Padding in Fifth, Third Sixth and Other Wards . GRAND JURY HAS BASIS FOR INQUIRY The same type of election returns manipulation that for years has made primary elections in Marlon county a gamble won by the crowd that could do the most stealing prevailed in the republican primaries last Tuesday. Election returns were manipulated so as to give Gen. Wood a huge and unearned vote in Marion county. They were falsified to show James W. Fesler’s Marion county vote greater than it was and they were padded to save Ralph Lemcke from de feat at the hands of Henry W. Cochrane. One has only to glance at the official, returns, unofficially tabulated, to find the evidence of a fraud Just as extensive as any that has prevailed heretofore. Plain evidence of fraud Is shown In the fact that the unofficial tabulation of the votes in the presidential primary shows that approximately 4,700 more votes were recorded in the presidential primary than were recorded In the vote for treasurer, which was the center of lnt'*rest in the Marion county race. If these figures really represented votes cast at the primary they could be explained only oh the theory that more than 4,000 republicans In Marlon eountq went to the polls and voted for a presl dentlsl candidate only. This, of course, is preposterous. fcIGM FICANCE IN DEFAY OF RETURNS. Additional evidence of crooked returns Jls found in the vote for Lemcke and In the vote for Fesler. As la usually the case, the returns of certain precinct* were held out until late Wednesday, when they were brought In with enough votes recorded to “save” the machine candidates. For a time It appeared that not enough rotes were stolen for J. W. Foster to glva him the support of Marlon county. Before the official count Is completed, however. It Is likely that sufficient changes will be made In the primary re sults to save Fesler from the ignominy of having been defeated in his own county. Ail of this is in direct violation of the state law. AH of it is susceptible of immediate proof In event the officials of Marion county will stir their fingers to punish the men who stole the primary of 1920. ffiaris Adams, prosecuting attorney, was county manager for Fesler. Adams bns control of the grand Jury. This may or may not be the reason that the returns for Fesler are now being changed to give him a plurality in Ma rlon county. William P. Evans is a deputy of Claris Adams. Ue Is one of the candidates whose vote wss swelled by this Illegal "fixtng " He Is the republican nominee for pros ecuting attorney. Will he lie interested in punishing those who stole votes? EVIDENCE TO GIVE GRAND JURY START. Here Is some of the evidence on which the Marion county grand Jury might base its investigation: Precinct 1, Ptfth Ward The total veto cast for president, of which Wood re ceived 14t, was 217. The total vote for coroner was 126 The total vote for commissioner, First district, was 106. The total vete for governor was 208. In tt I prclnct, one of the belated, ap proxlat. !y 100 extra, or "phantom’’ votes were recorded for Gen. Wood, or more than 100 voters went to the pools and voted only for president and governor. Precinct 7, Third Ward—Total vote cast for coroner. 78; for treasurer. 128; for commissioner. First district, 76; for governor. 153; for president, 178. In this precinct Wood got 144 votes and Fesler 107. The election crooks In this prectnct appear to have added 100 votes to the le gal totals for Wood and Fesler. Precinct 2, Sixth Ward-Total vote cast for coroner. K 2; for sheriff. 101; for treasurer, 123; for commissioner. Third district, Wl; for congressmen. Ill; for president, 149. Os the votes for presi dent Wood Is credited with an even 100, while It Is apparent that at least fifty "phantom" votes were added to those ac tually cast for him. M AVI I* !'I, ATT ON SEEN IN OTHER PRECINCTS. The foregoing precincts are only a few of those in which the returns show manipulation on their faces. The totals returned for vurious candi dates on the sheets that were late In reaching the canvassing room almost in variably show some kind of manipula tion, always In favor of Gen. Wood and usually in favor of Fesler, Lemcke and Eva ns. In some few instances the returns show that friends of McCray were ac tive in his behalf. In practically none of these belated precincts was the vote recorded in a manner that Indicated it was a true re flection of thq sentiment of tile precinct. The work of crooking these returns (Continued on Page Eleven.) rnpsp What’s What j n Indianapolis Blip "if fi* “Know Tour Own Home Town * f A ' (By the Reference Department, Indianapolis Public Library, C. E. Rush, Librarian) Where was a famous turkey roost once located In these parts? Wlieu Indianapolis was a forest, one of the greatest turkey roosts In Indiana was located iu the maple trees west of the Intersection of Meridian and St. Clair streets. Why does Indianapolis rank second in the production of automobiles? In the motor world Indianapolis has long been known as the “Qual ity Car City.” Here are manufactured the Marmon, Btuts, Lafayette, National, Premier, Cole, H. C. S. and Monroe automobiles. What la the significance of the groups of statuary on the east and west sides of the monument, and what Is remark able about them? The group on the east represents War. the group on the west, Peace. These are said to be the two largest groups that have. ever been carved out of st#ue. (Series Number Five.) (In addition to the Library's list published yesterday of men prominent In governmental affairs at Washington who called Indian apolis their home, The Times names the following: Senator Thomas Taggart, Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks, Senator Oliver P. Mor ton, Senator James Whitcomb, Attorney General W. H. H. Miller, Sen ator David Tuypie, Senator William Hendricks and Senator .Joseph E. McDonald. No doubt others will be suggested by readers.) SLASHES THROAT, ENDING HIS LIFE Worry Over Health Leads to Bookkeeper’s Suicide. Despondent over his health, Herman J. ’Pfnffiin, 59, of 1728 North Capitol avenue, ended hts life this morning by cutting hla throat with a razor. Mrs. I’faffitn found the body of hpr husband in the bathroom on the first floor of their home at 6:30 o'clock. Pfnfflln was horn ia Indianapolis and lived here all his life. For more than two years he had been a bookkeeper in the office of the Taylor Belting Company, 247 South Meridian street. Last winter he suffered a severe at tack of Influenza from which he never fully recovered. PfafTlln attempted suicide once before. Motor Policemen Trimpe and Kltzrailler were told. The coroner ordered the body turned over to Beck & Hurley, funeral direc tors. At the Taylor Belting Company it was said that Mr. I’faffHn had been un able to work for more than a month. Accused Testifies in Phone Girl’s Death PONTIAC, May 6,-Anson Best, 24, chsrged with the murder of Vera Schnei der, telephone operator, was to take the stand in his own defense in tho trial here today, according to intimations from hi* attorneys. The state closed late yesterday with the testimony of Mildred Wheeler, one of the proprietors of the lee cream par lor where Best was said to have taken (he Schneider girl on the wvenlng of the murder. After considerable wrangling between attorneys Judge K. P. Rockwell ad mitted as evidence the confessions al leged to have been made by Beat bu*. later repndlatcd. ‘Uncle Joe ’ Cannon, 84, Plans to Celebrate as if He Were 24 WASHINGTON, May 6.—"Tbe grand old man of congress,” "Uncle Joe” Cannon of Illinois, tomorrow will celebrate his eighty-fourth birthday. "Uncle Joe," who has beep elected to congress more times than any other man, today declared he expected to celebrate with as much vigor as If he were 24. Twenty-two times the former speaker* has been the choice of the people of the Eighteenth Illinois district. By next March he will have hung up a record of forty-four years in the lower house, which started In 1872 and was continuous, with the exception of two term*. He la the oldest man In congress, with the exception of Representative Sherwood of Ohio. % “How does it feel to be 84?" Uncle Joe echoed, lighting a fresh ctgsr. “Why, my boy, I don’t feel a bit older than you do. "I have no idea of retiring, for you know I would not feel at home out of congress." "The honse recently passed a bill pro viding for retirement of government employes at 60 and 65 years, which I could not support. "Why, 1 was nothing but a kid at. C 5.” The main celebration of the day will be a “trout luncheon” for the old boys, to be given in honor of Cannon by fcenator Page, Vermont. To be eligible for the dinner, a mem her must show he was born before IS4-4. Seven are In this class: Senators Page, Nelson and Dillingham and Rep resentatlvos Cannon, Greene, Stedman and Sherwood. DANVILLE, 111., May 6.—Uncle Joe Cannon, holder of the long distance rec ord in retaining congressional office, was again chosen to be the republican' con gressional candidate by the district con vention here. Cannon has been the G. O. P. can didate in this district twenty-five tiroes. Subscription Rates: gj HUBBY DROPS HAAG SUIT FOR SIOO,OOO BALM Reconciled With Wife, Says Faulk, Though Lawyer Threatens to Go On. ‘AUTO RIDES’ FIGURED SHELBY VILLE, Ind., May 6 The SIOO,OOO suit of Earl Faulk of Indianapolis against Louis Haag, one of the proprietors of a chain of drug stores in Indianapolis, charging alien ation of his wife’s affections, today was dismissed on motion of the plaintiff. The case had been venued here from Marlon county. When Faulk appeared In court be told Judge Alonzo G. Blair he desired to have the proceedings dropped, asserting that ho and his wife had effected a recon ciliation. E. K. Adams, acting in behalf of Paul G. Davis and William E. Reilly, attor neys for Faulk, immediately sought to have Faulk prosecute the suit. Judge Blair then gave the attorney time In which to file a petition showing why the suit should not be dismissed, whereupon he decided to drop it with-, out further resistance. The stti.t when filed in Marion county, created a sensation. Faulk charged that Haag lavished money on his wife and by taking her riding in bis automobile had estranged her from him. Some time later an Injunction restrain ing Haag and bis attorneys from Inter fering with the plaintiff In the case was granted In Marion county. Judge Blair ordered Faulk to pay the court emits. Faulk is employed In the internal reve nue collector's office in the Federal build ing, Indianapolis. Champ Clark Not Worrying Over Race NEW YORK. May 5. —“I haven’t •pent a nickel and I don’t Intend to.” Thi* wm tho reply Champ Clark made today to a queM ionnalre of tho I’ium plan league concerning hi* cam paign expenses. "I am not a candidates” *he former speaker of the house declared. Charges ‘Chicanery’ by Reserve Board WASHINGTON, May rt.—Charges that agents of the federal reserve hanks have financed hoarding with the understanding that they receive half the profit*, were made today hy Representative Edward J. Kin* o I Illinois before the honae rules committee, urging an Investigation of the federal reserve board for having prac ticed “feata of financial chicanery.” ‘ESTEEM' NEEDED IN LOVE MAKING Lawyer's Defense in Suing for Annulment . NEW YORK. May “One really doesn’t make ‘violent love’ to any one one doesn’t esteem. "It Isn’t done.” This was the defense set forth today bv Austin Fltzgibbons. well-to-do law yer, to his wife’s claim that be made such "violent” love to her that he dis located her shoulder blade. Mrs. Gibbons was formerly Anna Olga Treskoff, Russian movie actress and op eratic student. Gibbons Is suing for annulment of their marrktge. Glm>ons testified that his relations with his wife had always been proper.' "Os course,* he told Justice Newrtberger, “I somellines slapped her on the knee. “But I couldn’t make violent love to one I didn’t esteem.’’ Price Cut Throngs Wanamaker Stores NEW YORK. May *s.—John Wanamnk or department stores, here and in Phila delphia, have done a greater dally vol umo of business since announcement of their 20 per cent cut on prices thnn ever before in their hlstorj, according to Jo seph Apple, advertising manager of tbo concern. Special Squad Begins Poolroom Cleanup A special squad composed of Detective Claude Worley and Patrolmen Marcy and Klmberlln was assigned' by Chief of Police Kinney today to break up gambling In Indianapolis poolrooms. The squad arrested four men In the Board of Trade poolroom, where they say they were betting on a game. The men gave names which were ob viously fictitious. Railroads Ask for More WASHINGTON, May 6.—Government loans of $500,000,000, In addition to the $500,000,000 revolving fund provided in the railroad law and a 28 per cent In crease In freight rates, will be required to put the country’s railroads on their feet, railroad executives today told the senate Interstate commerce committee. Suffrage Bill Goes to Delaware House DOVER, Del., May B.—The resolution ratifying the woman suffrage amend ment to the federal constitution passed by the senate of the Delaware legislature yesterday, was sent to the house today. The vote In the senate was 11 to 6. The bouse several weeks ago defeated a ratification resolution, but suffragists said sentiment has changed and thay expect approval by the lower house when the new measure Is called up. HOME EDITION 2 CENTS PER COPY HUGHES FILES PLEA IN A BA TEMENT FOR INDICTED COAL MEN Maintains Statement Quoted to Grand Jury Branding Charges by Judge Anderson Is Erroneous and Prejudicial. ONE SIO,OOO BOND ORDERED FORFEITED Maintaing that the statement of a congressman quoted by Judge A. B. Anderson in instructing the federal graDd jury which indicted 125 miners and mine operators for conspiracy to violate the Lever act was erroneous and seriously prejudicial to his defendants, Charles Evans Hughes, appearing as attorney for the miners and operators, filed a plea in abatement when sixty-four of the defendants were arraigned in federal court today. Indications were that every point of law in the case will be bitterly contested. Eighty Lever Act CHARLES EVANS HUGHES. JOHN L- LEWIS. The Lever food and fuel control act will meet Its crucial test in the case against members of the United Mine Workers of America and mine operators charged with conspiracy to violate that act which opened in federal court today. Charles Evans Hughes appeared as the principal counsel for the defense. John L. Lewis, president of the mine workers' organization, Is one of the sixty-four defendants who appeared In federal court. TRADE POSITION OF ITALY GOOD Low Exchange Held No Index of Economic Condition. LONDON, May 6.—The low value of the Italian lira, now worth about one fourth of Its pre-war value, does not re flect the true economic situation of Italy, according to the financial editor of the Manchester Guardian, who states that Italy Is in a better position today than any of her neighbors. Exchange rates, as regards Italy, the Guardian points out, are largely nom inal, for very Ml tie business is at pres ent being transacted abroad, and re fleet keenly the ‘'hypersensitive state of the International money market.” And in this respect he points out that the British pound hns advanced far more than the actual Improvement in Britain's trade position. French selling of Italian securities at Paris has served to further depreciate the lira, the Guardian says. . Italy’s chief lack today Is coal, and for smelting has to Import hard coal England and the United States. Drys Gain 26,000,000 if Suffrage Wins DES MOINES, la., May B.—Victory for woman suffrage before June 28 will reinforce the drys by 26,000,000 votes, William J. Bryan declared in addressing the Methodist general conference here. “The wets are very active at this time and the drys are dormant,” Bryan declared, adding: "It is for this reason that I hope woman suffrage is enacted before June 28.’’ Coolidge Vetoes Beer Bill BOSTON, Mass., May 6.-—Gov. Coolidge today vetoed the bill per mitting manufacture and sale of 2.75 per cent beer and light wines. The bill was passed by tbe legislature by more than' a two-thirds majority. NO. 310. i All Indiana defendants, both operators and miners, appeared in court with tho exception of Jacob 'C. Kolsem. operator, of Terre Haute, who Is confined to his home by illness. Mr. Kolsem was formerly a state sen ator. ORDERS BOND OF SIO,OOO FORFEITED. On his failure to appear a SIO,OOO ap pearance bond signed by Edward I’. Fairbanks and Bruce Failey, was ordered forfeited by the court. Eight miners of western Pennsylvania, charged under the indictment, also ap peared in court, being represented by William J. Brenna of Pittsburg, Pa. They were ordered placed upder bond by Judge Anderson and will remain within the Jurisdiction of the Indiana court Miners from Illinois and Ohio, who, it was said, will not contest removal proceedings, did uot appear in coourt. Operators outside of the state who have already Instituted legal proceedings to prevent removal to the jurisdiction of Judge Anderson's court also failed to appear. HUGHES WIFE DIRECT DEFENSE. The defendants, both miners and oper ators, were represented by an able force of legal talent, whi-b will be under the direction of Mr. Hughes. After It had been ascertained wha< defendants were present the first effort of the defense was ‘put forth when Mr. Hughes presented the plea in abatement, which was based on a statement made by Judge Anderson daring his instruc tions to the special federal grand jury called to Investigate the coal situation. The statement on which the plea of abatement was based and which was 1 contained In Instructions to tbe Jnry follows: “Charges of combination between oper ators and mine workers have been made frequently in the public press and even in the halls of the congress of the United States. “On Wednesday, Oct. 29 last, a mem ber of congress made a speech in the • house of representatives in which, in speaking of the combination on the part of the mine workers to destroy compe tition In the open shop mines, he said: (quoting in part from a speech alleged to have been made by John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers. In reference to a joint conference.) “ ‘As I understand it, it Is for the pur pose of wlpiug out competition between us as miners first, viewing It from our side of the question; next, for the pur pose of wiping out competition as be tween the operators in these four states. “ ‘When we have succeeded in that and we have perfected an organization on both sides of the question, then. If T understand the real purpose of this movement, it is that we will jointly de dare war on every man outside of this competitive field who will do anything In any way endangering the- peace, that exists between us. \ ANSWERS HIS OWN QUESTION. “ ‘What Is necessary to do this? “ 'Organize our forces In the compet ing fields so far as the United Mine Workers are concerned. “ ‘Go into these outside competing fields and tell your competitors that ' -ey have to join us In this movement, whether they like It or not, and give stability to the coal business of the United States.’" “On the face of it,” said the court, in giving its Instructions, "this is a di rect admission by John L. Lewis, now and for some time acting president of the United Mine Workers, that the charge of an unlawful combination between mine workers and the mine operators is true, and you should investigate all the facts In this connection." Mr. Hughes, on filing the plea in abate ment, said this statement was untrue, (Continued on I’age Seven.) PALMER CALLED UNION MAN’S FOE Labor Official Makes Charge Before Rail Board. WASHINGTON, May 6.—Chargee that Attorney General Palmer Is Involved In a conspiracy to discredit union labor were made before the railroad labor board today by Timothy Healy, president of the International Brotherhood of Sta tionary Firemen and Oilers. “Certain high government officials are being used to discredit union labor.” Healy said. “They are being used by corporations as a part of a conspiracy against union labor. “This Sronk about May day outbreaks is a part of the conspiracy.’’ Chairman Barton protested against any attack on government officials. “My men want ypu to know this and Instructed me to tell you,” said Healy. “I meant A. Mitchell Palmer. “Loyal workers are being charged with being ‘reds’ and the result Is that loyal Americans are becoming bolshevlsts. “No greater lie was ever utteered than that the men who quit their Jobs on the railroads for higher wages were seeking to overthrow the government.’’ Healy declared he had evidence that there was a conspiracy against union labor in connection with the announce ment of May day uprisings and that when nothing happened ‘government of ficials’ met and gave out a statement that their efforts had prevented the up risings. Healy also charged that efforts to check profiteering were not earnest.