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Indiana daily times. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1914-1922, June 09, 1920, Home Edition, Image 3

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COMPROMISE CANDIDATE INEVITABLE, BRYAN WRITES AT REPUBLICAN CONVENTION HALL
BRYAN SAYS NO
MAN IN G. 0. P.
RACE QUALIFIES
Not One of Candidates So Far
Meets Needs of Party,
He Declares.
SEEMS LIKE A MORGUE
By WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN.
(Copyright. 1920, by Win. J. Bryan).
CHICAGO, June 9.—1 fear that any
riaitors who may have come to the con
vention because of my rosy view of na
tional gatherings and my description
of the entnusiasm excited among the
followers of rival candidates will blame
me for their disappointment.
The old convention Isn’t what it used
to be, if I am able to compare this with
0 former ones.
The pep Is lacking.
There are no shouting paraders. no
marchers singing the praises of their
heroes.
“The frost is on the (political)
pnmpkln and the fodder's in the shock."
The headquarters are manned and
womaned with workers.
You can have a button for the asking,
and the literary department Is abundant
ly furnished with printed information.
Likenesses of aspiring statesmen and
near-statesmen adorn the walls of the re
spective headquarters and occasionally
overflow into adjoining corridors.
Groups of the curious move about
through the halls, eager to see the
prominent men of whom they have read,
but the atmosphere Isn't charged with
confidence and the visitors are not vocal
with expressions of loyalty to the party
or devotion to those who have entered
the lists.
The reason is not difficult to find.
The friends of the leading men are be
ginning to realize, even if they do not
admit, the hopelessness of agreement upon
any of the men prominently mentioned.
It is not necessary to scrutinize the
daily reports from the committee or to
speculate upon the seating or unseating
of delegates.
There are the usual scandals from the
southern states, but these have recurred
so regularly as to excite no surprise and
little comment.
NO CANDIDATE NEAR
ENOUGH TO CAI’SE STIR.
No candidate comes near enough to the
required number of votes to make the
action of the national committee or of
the credentials committee a matter of
moment.
Consider the leading candidates: Gen.
Wood has the best organized political
machine.
According to the evidence presented to
the investigating committee he has by
far the largest campaign fund.
The primaries showed that he had a
national following, that Is, friends In
every state.
He is not a favorite son candidate; he
went at the business of securing the pres
„ idential nomination as earnestly as he
has gone about other business.
Gen. Wood la a strong man; he has his
view-s on public questions and he ex
presses himself with vigor, but has been
handicapped from the beginning by the
fact that he is a professional soldier.
The objection Is so strong in the
minds of a great multitude that no per
sonal virtues can overcome it.
The reaction against militarism i in
full swing and grows stronger day by
day.
That he recognizes this change in sen
timent is evident from the fact that his
managers do not stress universal mili
tary training.
He has been one of the foremost cham
pions of a compulsory system under
which every young man would be com
pelled to devote a certain period of time
to military training.
WHAT CONGRESS DID
TO THE MEASURE.
The policy had ardent supporters in
congress.
The house committee was about to re
port a bill when a democratic caucus
registered a protest by a vote of 106 to
17.
jk It became evident that the democratic
'vote with the addition of protesting re
publicans could defeat the measure, and
it was abandoned.
Afterwards the military affairs com
mittee of the senate reported a com
pulsory training bill which the chair
man asured the senate would not re
quire an appropriation of more than
seven hundred millions.
A poll of the senate showed nearly ell
the democrats and many of the repub
licans against the bill.
A voluntary training system was sub
stituted, and this was stricken out of
the bill in conference.
The desire to have our nation lead the
wcrld toward universal peace is very
strong, and a professional soldier woul.l
in the opinion of many misrepresent the
nation before the world.
The investigations have also embar
rassed Gen. Wood.
Regardless of any questions affecting
the nature of the expenditures, the
amount itself would prove a great han
dicap In the campaign.
The friends of Senator Johnson have
spoken very emphatically on the sub
ject, and the feeling is shared by uli
who are not personally attached to a
money-supported candidacy.
It abhorrent to the patriotic senti
ment tl the country to encourage the
ides >bat a poor man is by his very
poverty disqualified for this high posi
tion.
The vaen who give their lives to pub
lic service do not as a rule make for
tunes; neither do they attach to them
selves friends of great wealth if they
champion the cause of the plain people.
Some way will be devised by which
presidential aspirants will be placed up
on an approximate equality Irrespective
of their oven wealth or the wealth ox
their fri-nds.
I'ntil that time large expenditures
will be deemed a liability rather than
an asset.
AND THEN TAKE
_ GOV. LOW DEN.
Gov. Lowden has won many friends
by his administration.
He has not only pleased the business
element by his methods, but he has
gratified the temperance element by sign
ing an enforcement law quite as drastic
as the Volstead act.
He has the backing of the old guard
and probably would be more acceptable
to the conservative element of the partj
than any other candidate, but this is
the greatest weakness.
The Johnson following Is so great and
his demonstrated strength so apparent
that the convention will hardly dare to
nominate a man so closely identified by
his corporate connections with big busi-
The Investigation of campaign funds
has embarrassed Gov. Lowden about as
much as It has Gen. Wood. ,
While the total sum spent In his be
half Is not as great as that expended by
the Wood managers, It Is probably near
ly as great per capita for the area cov
ered.
It Is true that more than three-fourths
* of the Lowden fund was supplied by him
self and members of his family, but the
sum Invested by him In the presldentlon
race Is so large as to effectually bar any
man of moderate means from rivalry.
The question discussed by the sup
porters of Gen. Wood with thesupport
ers of Gov. Lowden, viz.; Whether it Is
better for a candidate to spend his own
money or the money of other people, isn’t
the most vital issue raised.
The real question 1s whether a golden
He's ‘Dark Horse'?
SENATOR LODGE.
The “tapering finger” that the sena
tor pointed at the convention in deliver
ing his keynote speech attracted so much
attention that he was selected as per
manent chairman.
Having been elevated to that position
as a compromise, there immediately cen
tered about him talk to the effect that
be would be a fine “dark horse."
ladder is to be the only means by which
a candidate may reach the whitehouse.
Senator Harding's candidacy Is in the
l ands of a group of enthusiastic support
ers.
Thev have commodious headquarters
and his charming wife is giving as much
aid to his candidacy as a congenial help
mate can.
But the senator Is running with a
handicap that greatly retards his speed.
He Is so closely identified with the re
actionary element of the party that his
nomination would alienate the progres
sive element as much as Gov. Lowden’s
nomination would.
Senator Johnson has aroused an en
thusiasm far beyond that which any
other candidate has awakened, but he Is
the exponent of an element that Is out
numbered in this convention.
He may have a majority of the mnk
and file with him as Roosevelt did. but
he falls considerably short of having a
majority of the leaders.
His position on the treaty antagonizes
the record made by the republicans in
the senate.
It looks to me as If a "ompromise
candidate Is Inevitable.
They %re loklng for a man who has
enough of progresslvenes In him to hold
the progresses without having ;notigh
to alienate the standpatters.
The situation reminds me of a story:
A traveling man. on leaving the hotel,
gave the colored porter a bottle of bad
whisky.
Returning a few months later, ho re
sponded to the porter's greeting by In
quiring how he liked the whisky.
“It was Just exactly right, boss,
exactly right,” said the porter.
“If it had been any worse it wouldn't
have been fit to drink: If It had 1-een
any better you wouldn't have Hl’n It to
me.”
FARMERS MAKE
WANTS KNOWN
Two Organizations Present De
mands for G. O. P. Platform.
CHICAGO, June 9.—The American
fanners took a hand In the political sit
uation today, when they presented their
demands for platform planks to ‘he reso
lutions committee of the republican na
tional committee.
The farmers were represented by two
organizations before the committee, the
national board of farm organizations,
Charles S. Barrett of Union City. Ga„
president, and the farmers' national coun
cil, Benjamin C. March of Washington,
D. C., director of legislation.
The two organizations are not in ac
cord on the question of government own
ership of the railroads.
The farmers' national council insists
upon a plank declaring for government
ownership, while the national board of
farm organizations Is not ready to press
a demand for a plank.
Immediate repeal of the merchant ma
rine bill, recently passed by congress, and
providing for sale of the government
owned merchant marine, is demanded by
the farmers' national council.
Other planks urged by the farmers'
national council are as follows:
Legislation to make personal credit
cheap and available to agriculture.
Legislation providing for license and
control of the packing Industry.
Legislation to protect farmers' co
operative organizations conducted' for
mutual benefit.
Strengthening and extension of the fed
eral farm loan system.
Government ownership and ''democratic
operation" of the railroads.
Continuance of the high taxes upon
large incomes and taxation of all war
profits until the war debt is paid, and
the levying of a tax upon all national
resources held for speculative purposes.
Legislation to prohibit the alienation
by lease or patent of mineral lands or
water power resources, still in the public
ownership.
Opposition to compulsory military
service.
Repeal of all wartime sedition and
espionage laws.
PARIS SPORTS WRITER DIES.
PARIS, June 9. —The death was an
nounced today of Georges Prudes, a
sporting writer. He hail promoted nu
merous automobile and aerial contests.
Penrose Leaders Laugh at Talk
About “Unbossed Convention
By WILLIAM G. SHEPHERD.
CHICAGO. June 9.—l'd rather spend
my time these days in a certain little
room in the Congress hotel than in the
big Coliseum, because in this room the
real news is being made.
Its number is E-l.
Reporters aren't welcome there, but
today I got in and spent half an hour
within its ■walls, then I had to go be
cause other visitors —politicians who are
helping to make political history—
wanted to talk with John T. King, who
occupies the room.
Here in this room are the ends of the
telephone and telegraph wires that lend
to the bedside of Boies Penrose in Phila
delphia.
Ask the man In this room whether
Will Hays was right when he told the
convention that It was unbossed.
I did, and they laughed loudly and
told me that Hays must have been only
Joking.
On a little table beside King's beats
a telephone, not with an ordinary tele
PARTY WAITS ON
LEAGUE FIGHT
(Continued From Page One.)
versing the ordei*of pioneer days. The
starched affairs are jvilting.
The women r.re here again—beauti
fully dressed. It is not true that po
litical ladies wear mannish clothes.
’Broadwny styles are common enough and
some of these women even color their lips
and cheeks so thick men can notice the
artifice and some even pencil their eye
brows.
But a political convention Is no place
to comment on trivial scandals.
The band, way up in a skylight bal
cony at tho rear of the Coliseum, like
harped and bugled saints in glory, Is
playing happy-go-lucky American rags
and the folks are having a nice party.
Every dne is talking “Penrose.”
A local newspaper contains a displayed
article to the effect that the sick boss
said to a bedside reporter last night
that moßt important of all things here
was the nomination of a man “who can
present a powerful appeal to the whole
people.”
BIT rENROSE MIST
HAVE A WINNER.
“Penrose wants a winner,” they say.
There's magic in the word of the boss,
even if he comes from a-far. This
causes discussion about the final result of
the great American quadriennial conven
tion which is having its opening scene
here. Maybe, after all, the G. O. I*,
had better select a man to meet a demo
cratic adversary. The name'of McAdoo
is mentioned in this regard. You hear
all sorts of things. But the real meaning
of the Penrose alleged bedside interview
is taken by Johnson's shouters as an in
dorsement of the scrappy California hero.
“Now, do you hear your master's
voice?” is the implied line of talk from
the sunset folks.
SOME SAY WOOD
IS A BROKEN MAN.
It's passing strange how little one
hears of Wood or Hoover or Collldge
here today. Some say "Wood’s a broken
man—all in but his shoestrings.” And
then they give him to the final demnl
tion and bow-wows by saying, “Maybe
they'll fix the general up with the vice
presidency.”
Hoover's press agents have put up a
polite little sign In the hotel lobby say
ing. “Hoover—the next president of the
United States." But unless there's an un
dertow of sentiment under this sea of
concussion that Is soon to toss the food
conservator upon the political beach,
that sign is not to be taken seriously as
far as this convention Is concerned.
Hoover is merely receptive, still Coolldge
Is scarcely mentioned. Butler of New
York may be in some minds, but not on
the lips of these delegates.
Poindexter, did you say? Yes. I did
hear of him a few weeks ago, but that
was In Washington.
Johnson may have 'em buffaloed here.
His friends are gleeful. Old guardsmen
who do not like him for shucks, and
say so without batting an eye, draw
down the corners or their mouths and
wink their knowing eyes. But you never
can tell, you can't never tell what's com
ing out of this big Coliseum box.
ALWAYS MORE
BY TOMORROW.
We may know more about It at this
time tomorrow.
Political reporter* are supposed to
know everything but here's one who
does not profess the power of prophesy.
And anyone who tells you that he knows
who’s who here should at least hack up
his story with the color of his “Jack,”
as they say on the river front.
But here Is a little thing that Is worth
noting ns a fart: The old guard will
swallow Hiram Johnson with a grunt
that will be heard on both coasts —If at
oil. The old guard may have a punch
left—it's been more like a tap ou the
wrist, to date. The old guard isn't ONE
BIG BOSS, at the convention, mind you.
It’s a lot of little bosses trying to get
and hold the ground to put its man
across. That’s a difficult operation.
There’s talk today that this mixup may
be continued Into next week. The hotet
managers and the taxi people will re
joice, but not the tired reporters, who
mill around by day and night, with
such small rewards as regards the big
secret this convention holds.
They may be balloting Thnrsday or
Friday morning. Much water will go
over the dam twixt now and then. Like
as not, though, we are in for session
next week. Johnson, for instance, will
die hard, if the bosses succeed In stick
ing together.
You tell ’em, Lowden, Hi’s got ’em all
guessing today.
LEAGUE FIGHT OPENS
BEFORE COMMITTEE
(By Staff Correspondent.)
CHICAGO, JUne 9.—Preliminary t.o the
opening of the convention all Interest
turned to the meeting of the subcommit
tee of the resolutions committee.
Both friends and foe of the league, bit
ter enders and reservationlsts, claimed
that the subcommittee, headed by Sena
tor Watson of Indiana, who was elected
chairman of the full committee, was
friendly to their view of what the treaty
plank should say.
Camps of the bitter enders and of tho
phone receiver, but with a headpiece at
tached for long conversations. On the
hoik was hung a heavy lead weight.
Between the bed of John King in Chi
cago and the lied of Boies Penrose —800
miles away—these two men talk, day
and night, about the latest convention
news.
Ail of the Pennsylvania leaders who
come to this room will tell you. If you
are lucky enough to encounter them, be
cause most of them don’t believe in
porters and publicity, that Penrose fin
boss over the wire Just as well ffs In
Chicago. Indeed, King tells me that he
thinks Penrose is more powerful absent
than present.
And so, at last, 1 have at least seen
some of the machinery of the party’s
masters at work.
Do you doubt that a reporter looking
forjiewx would rather spend a week in
this room than In the crowds at the con
vention ?
What we will hear at the Coliseum will
be only faint echoes of what passes
through modest little chamber E-l.
INDIANA DAILY TIMES, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 9, 1920.
Uses General’s Punch
u - ■ t
FRANK n. HITCHCOCK.
The “deep-sea” manager of the Wood
campaign was credited with having
stepped Into a muddle and straightened it
out by making Senator Watson the chair
man of the resolution committee, Just to
show the convention that Gen. Wood
packs a punch and Hitchcock can use
it when he wants to.
reservgtionists made statements that the
question would be compromised without
resort to a fight on the floor of the con
vention.
While the Borah-Johnson group of lr
reconeiliables appeared to be courting a
convention floor flight, they disclaimed
any such Intention and said if a row Is
started It will be by the other side. Sena
tor's Borah and McCormack, lrreconcltl
ablet, are members of the subcommittee,
which nlßo Includes Watson, a Lodge
reservatlonlst; Ogden Mills of New York,
a pro-leaguer; Smooth of Utah, a Lodge
resert-ationist; Louis Coolldge of Massa
chusetts, with leanings toward Borah's
views, and Henry Allen White, Kansas;
William Heyburn, Kentucky: D. Law
rence, Virginia; Wallace McCamraant,
Oregon; Gov. Beeckman, Rhode Island,
and Harris Gilpin of Michigan classed as
more or less fervent rcservatlonlsts.
A report was heard, unverified from
any reliable source, that a deal hail
been made for the lrreconclliables to
be given “reasonable satisfaction on she
treaty plank in return for letting Lodge
have the permanent chairmanship and
Watson the resolutions committee with
out a fight.”
The Borah-Johnson group denied be
ing In any deal and said they would
upset any coalition that planned to
squelch them.
When the subcommittee met Borah
and his supporters were standing firmly,
they said, for a plank denouncing the
treaty and league covenant. The reser
\atlontsts were equally firm In demand
ing an affirmative declaration with safe
guarding of Americanizing reservation*.
COMBERS THERE
IX LABOR'S FIGHT.
The labor question also arose to vex
the resolutions committee today. Sam
uel Gotnpers. neadlng n delegation from
the American Federation of Labor, was
to appear at a public hearing before the
full committee to demand that the part*
go on record as Indorsing 'he doctrine
that workers have the right to strike,
and that no public interest Is higher
than the right of the mass of the toller*
to protect themselves against capitalistic
exploitation.
Gompers' appearance may be the signal
for atgument on the general proposition
of the paramount of public or class In
terest.
Gompers comes prepared to assail she
suggestion of Gov. Allen of Kansas that
the party indorse his Industrial court
Idea.
A decision on the Mexican question Is
expected without inurh controversy.
The range of subjects on which the
committee was to report planks was
wide. Representatives of the League of
Women Voters, beaded by Maud Wood
Bark, urged a dozen planks for legisla
tion to Improve the conditions of women
in Industry, to reduce the cost of living
and for further federal supervision of
public morals. Mrs. George Gelhart. Mis
souri, advocating an antt-high cost of
living plank, suggested federal regulation
of the marketing and distribution of
food nnd federal appropriations for train
ing in home economics.
BLF.A FOR St KFBAGE
AS PARTY HELP.
Miss Mary Garret Hay of the National
Women's Suffrage association presented
a plank pledging the party to exert its
best efforts to obtain ratification of the
suffrage amendment In time for women
to vote next November. She told the
committee abong other things that rati
fication means that doubtful states like
Missouri and Indiana will be In the re
publican column.
Anti-suffrage leaders contending for a
state's rights plank neurly broke up the
hearing. Miss Mary Kllbreth of New
York said suffrage candidates always
went to defeat In elections and declared
it Inexpedient for the republican party
to take chances on the eve of a national
contest.
Henry Lane Wilson discussed briefly
his Mexican plank.
Enforcement of tho fourteenth and
fifteenth amendments in the south with
respect to negro voting was demanded
by Andrew It. Humphreys, New York,
and Thomas Birmingham.
Thomas McCarter, New Jersey, and
George Wharton Peppier, Philadelphia,
Kakl the party should record itself as
favoring aid for public utilities.
Thomas E. Campbell of Arizona urged
the need of reclamation In the west nnd
E. J. Adams, Oregon, said the govern
ment should pay Its share of the cost of
road building In forest reserves.
COMBINATION OF
WOOD AND JOHNSON,
The combination of the forces of Gen.
Wood nnd Senator Johnson in the com
mittee on credentials succeeded In elect
ing a Wood chairman of the committee
and it also upset the action of the full
national committee and reseated several
Wood delegates who had been ousted by
the full committee. Instances where the
judgment of the national committee has
been disregarded have been very rare.
How far the combination of Johnson
and Wood elements would go was a mat
ter today which would give the poltt
clnns food for much thought
For one thing. It recalled vividly the
warning of Senator George H. Moses on
the eve of the convention, that the John
son and Wood legeates between them
formed a majority of the convention.
The laiwden people accepted the John
son-Wood combine with a feeling of both
trepidation and satisfaction; the former
because of the bald fact that between
them the Johnson and Wood forces do
control the situation; and the latter be
cause they saw In it a tacit recognition
by the rival camps that Lowden senti
ment Is so strong It lias to be opposed by
both Johnson and Wood.
It has yet to be shown that the progres
sives led by Johnson and Borah, or the
remnant* of the once grand "old guard"
The Republican
Convention Today
CHICAGO, June 9. Convention
called to order at 11 a. m. by Chair
man Lodge.
Prayer by the Rev. John Timothy
Stone, D. D.
Report of the credentials commit
tee.
Permanent organization of the con
vention.
Reception of report of the com
mittee on rules and order of busi
ness, action upon which will deter
mine the future proceedings of the
convention.
of Penrose, Kealing ana Hert, can dom
inate the convention. The latter group has
been openly for the candidaey of Gov.
Lowden, but its members have so far
failed to convince a sufficient number of
delegates to go along with them.
Senator Lodge, slated for permanent
chairman of the convention, Is a more
or less compromise between tho two ele
ments. He has Wood leanings, but ht
also opposes the nomination of Gov.
Lowden.
STEERING COMMITTEE
BEHIND CLOSED DOORS.
Behind closed doors, the platform
“steering committee,” composed of thir
teen members of the resolutions com
mittee. started to gather up the loose
ends of the league of nations and other
disputed planks.
The "steering committee" Is strlvjng to
prevent a renewal on the convention floor
of the bitter controversy that raged for
months in the senate between the "mild
rcservatlonlsts" and the lrreconcll
ables.”
Senator Borah of Idaho, leader of the
“lrreconeilables," who Is on the steering
committee, is willing, ho said, to carry
to the convention, If necessary, his Insist
ence upon an unqualified reufflrmation of
the doctrines of Washington and Monroe
regarding entangling foreign (alliance*
and European Interference with American
affairs.
Senator Kellogg of Minnesota, a “mild
reservatlonlst,” opposed the “Borah
Idea.”
Both Borah and Kellogg were said to
be In accord that there should be no
mention of the Lodge reservations in the
league plank, but that it should be con
fined to an endorsement of the action of
the republican majority of the senate In
refusing to accept the league covenant
as it was sponsored by President Wil
son.
The two senators talked freely of
carrying their fight to the convention
floor If either could not have bis way.
A number of delegates expressed them
selves as being weary of the league as a
subject for debate.
Kellogg and Senator Lenroot of Wis
consin declared, however, a canvass they
had made of the situation disclosed an
unmistakable trend on the part of many
delegates toward ratification of the treaty
“with reservations." Borah, on the other
hand, was equally Insistent that tho In
diana league plank, “with certain modi
fications und amendment," would find
favor with the convention.
WATSON HEADS
THIS COMMITTEE.
The “steering committee," which must
tackle the dispute between the “mild
reservatlonlst*" and the ''lrreconeilables"
consists of:
Senators Watson. Indiana; Smoot,
Utah; Borah, Idaho, and McCormick. Il
linois, and William Allen White. Kan
sas; John F. Neylan, California; D. L.
Loerence, Virginia; Louis A. Coolldge,
Massachusetts; Ogden L. Mills, New
York; Wallace Mi-t’amant, Oregon; Wil
liam Heyburn, Kentucky; Gov. B. Liv
ingston Beckman, Rhode Island, and Har
ris Gilpin, Michigan.
It was understood the league plank
now stands as:
Newt Myers
//y I — ■/ j I on hand to
\ jfll fI / express
Vi southern In
■nj I Vl'] (liana's
I / y wt.ti.a.
Indorsing the action of the republican
controlled senate In refusing to accept
the league covenant as sponsored by
President Wilson.
Providing for an international court of
arbitration as proposed by Senator Knox.
Condemning President Wilson for hav
ing kept the American people In a tech
nical state of war with Germany because
of the senate's refusal to ratify the treaty
In accordance with his wishes.
CON V E NTI ON ALITIES
* Coliseum, Chicago, June 9.
The "bulls'' were decidedly In control
of the convention ticket scalping today.
Despite efforts to prevent dealings In
convention tickets, the official cards were
being offered at prices ranging from $lO
to S3O, with all the "bulls" predicting
that as soon as the real fight begins
the market will jump forty or x fifty
points. "Season tickets" are being held
for prices abo to S2OO.
Beauty and beast are on exl.,bltlon
In Peacock ulley at the Congress ho
j tel. Many of the beauties rush around
en masse pinning badges and putting
Lowden elephants in the buttonholes
of male visitors, no matter how be
whlskered or aged they may be. Home
old hoys make regular trips up and
down the alley until their pockets
bulge with discarded souvenirs.
George Home, chief of police of Los
Angeles, Is in town looking over the light
fingered brethren who make their living
in the crowds. He expects to head some
of them off from Journeying to the coast
for the San Francisco conclave.
Hiram Johnson got barricaded out of
his own headquarters when boosters of
Senator Harding gathered in the hotel
lobby Just below the Johnson citadel and
began to sing. Hiram, who had been out
for a walk, started headlong Into the
Harding crowd, but got stuck halfway to
tho stairs. He backed out and utilized
a side door entrance.
TRAFFIC ON ELEVATORS IN ONE
CONVENTION HALL HAS BEEN SO
HEAVY THAT THE CABLES HAD TO
BE CHANGED. THEY THREATENED
TO RREAK UNDER THE STRAIN.
Joseph L. Bristow, former United
States senator from Kansas, is out of pol
itics. But he can't shake off the fever
entirely aud had to look in on the Chi
cago convention. He is taking no part,
however.
Ex-Congressman Laguardla of Now
York longs for the war days sometimes
when he gets stuck in lobby Jams. He
was an aviator la the war and had elbow
room at least.
LODGE'S SPEECH
PLEASES BORAH
Johnson’s Leader Says It
Might Embarrass Republicans.
By WILLIAM E. BORAH.
(Copyright, 1920, by International News
Service.)
CHICAGO, June 9.—Senator Lodge’s
speech was, as expected, a scholarly ad
dress. It covered quite generally the
important questions now before the peo
ple.
Upon the dominant issue as to whether
this government is to become a co
partner with European powers and take
part In all the European conflicts the
address becomes more satisfactory the
more It is studied.
While it does not say so in bo many
words, the effect of the argument pre
sented by the distinguished senator Is
to reject any league at all.
If his argument and his logic are
followed to their legitimate conclusion
then we must have no league at all.
In order to support a league under
lhe presentation of the question as found
in this address you would hnve to charge
the senator with insincerity and with
the mere playing of politics upon this
great question.
The republicans in the coming cam
paign would find themselves greatly em
barrassed by Senator Lodge's speech it
this convention. In a fit of suicidal In
sanity, should indorse the league of na
tions or pledge the republican party
to ratify the present treaty and the
league In any form.
LABOR’S LEADER
WAITS ON G. O. P.
Gompers Demands Clear-Cut
Planks in Platform.
CHICAGO. June 9.—Maintenance of the
right to strike, and to conduct all nego
tiations with employers without inter
ference by the federal government was
demanded by labor before the republican
committee on resolutions today.
This was insisted on In spite of an
understanding that the industrial plank
prepared by Gov. Allen of Kansas for
the elimination of strikes and compulsory
arbitration would not be pressed.
Labor, through Samuel Gompers, pres
ident of the American Federation of La
bor, also demanded the restriction of the
flow of Immigration from abroad to the
ability of America to absorb and Amer
icanize It, and the stopping of such im
migration absolutely when there Is any
unemployment here.
Another demand was made for the re
duction at once and effectively of the
high cost of living and the curbing of
profiteering.
Gompers headed a special committee
from the American Federation of Labor
convention, now in session at Montreal.
LABOR PRESENTS
BILL OF RIGHTS.
In its protest against restricting the
action of labor In Its right to strike,
the committee made the following state
ment:
“Legislation which proposes to make
strikes unlawful or to compel the wage
earners to submit their grievances or as
pirations to courts or to government
agencies is an Invasion of the rights of
the wage-earner.
"When enforced It makes for Industrial
serfdom, or slavery.
"We hold that the government should
supply information, assistance and coun
sel, but It should not attempt by the
force of its own power to stifle or to
destroy voluntary relations and policies
of mutuality between employers and em
ployes."
OTHER DEMANDS
PRESSED BY LABOR.
Other demands emphasized in the bill
of rights presented Included:
Right of labor to organize and bargain
collectively through their own represen
tatives and freedom from “unwarrantable
issuance of writs of injunction'' and tie
right of trial by Jury In contempt cases
outside the presence o ftbe courts.
Removal of all effects of the espionage
act in the restrictions placed on freedom
of speech, the press, the assemblage,
and asociatlon.
Right of federal employes to organize
nnd to enjpoy the same rights and privi
leges of other working men: opposition
to the labor proviosions of the Cummln-
Esch law; exclusion of convict labor from
Interstate commerce; opposition to child
labor; opposition to Intervention in
Mexico and curbing the supreme court
from overriding the acts of congress,
were also Included.
GIVES ITS REMEDY
TO LOWER POSTS.
The statement on the high cost of liv
ing follows:
"We demand that effective steps be
taken immediately to relieve the people
of the burden imposed by the excessive
cost of living and to eradicate perma
nently the underlying evils, recogniz
ing fully that no other issue is of deeper
Interest to the masses of the American
people.
“Asa comprehensive program of such
relief and remedy we set forth these de
mands ;
"Co-operation should be encouraged ns
an effective means of curbing of
profiteering. To stimulate rapid develop
ment of co-operatives, the federal farm
loan act should be extended so as to give
credit to all properly organized co
operatives just ns credit is now given to
Individual farmers.
“We urge that the United States de
partment of labor compile and issue
monthly statements of the cost of man
ufacture of those staple articles which
form the basis of calculation in fixing
the cost of living.
“Asa means of aiding anti-profiteering
measures the federal government should
promptly Investigate profits and prices.
All income and other tax returns should
be available for Inspection.”
FOR U. S. CONTROL
OF RAILROADS
MONTREAL, June 9.—Organized labor
and organized capital may find them
selves within a few months fighting side
by side in at least one common cause,
it was Indicated at tho annual conven
Bruce Barton Sees Passing
of Punch From Old Time Show
By BRUCE BARTON.
CHICAGO June 9.—Chauncey M. Depew
nnd I have attended republican conven
tions ever since our graduation from
college. He began in IS6O and I in 1908.
Chauncey thinks that this is the last
one which he may ever see; and I have
an idea that unless the show is changed
considerably someone else may have my
seat at the next performance too.
For the good old program that's drawn
the crowds so long seems to me to be
losing Its punch.
The acts are shop worn the scenery
is frayed and the folks don't respond as
they did.
The session yesterday wa* the tamest
I have ever seen. There was hardly any
cheering as tho leaders came lu one by
one.
In tho hope of pumping some oxygen
Into the listless crowd, a specialist in
leading cheers had been imported from
the east. He led three cheers for Sena
tor Lodge and then hurried to/pass a
handful of his cards down>-into the
press section, 3* that we mlmit tel^^
Steel Magnates
Invade the Field
CHICAGO, June 9. —Judge E. H.
Gary, J. L. Replogle and other lead
ers of the steel Industry arrived here
today. Judge Gary was in conference
all the morning and refused to see
newspaper men.
tlon of tha American Federation of
Labor here today.
The convention seems certain to de
clare for return of the railroads to the
government control, or for government
ownership.
Daniel C. Roper, of New York, big cor
poration head, recently Bald business men
are being forced to the conviction the
roads must be turned back.
Repea lof . the Esch-Cummlns railroad
act is the basis on which organized labor
Is beginning the 'fight.
Repeal la one of the planks which
President S-amuel Gompers is demanding
of the republican national convention at
Chicago.
BOSSES ABANDON
FOUR CANDIDATES
(Continued From Page One.)
Ohio campaign and to this, perhaps
more than to any other one cause, many
attribute Ohio’s cool treatment of him
at the polls. The G. O. P. regulars ad
mit they want a candidate with as per
fect record as possible. Senator Boies
Penrose has said the party must pick to
win.
Hiram Johnson, his opponents claim,
has eliminated himself by combatting all
the other candidates. They say he has
fought them all and must, iu turn, ex
pect to be fought by them.
RESERVATIONISTS
IN CONTROL.
The selection of Senator Henry Cabot
Lodge, republican, of Massachusetts,
leader In the fight for treaty with reser
vations, and of Senator James E. Watson
of Indiana, another “reservationist,” as
chairman of the committee on platform,
is taken to mean the middle-of-the-road
republicans are in power here and that
any program they decide upon they can
put through—providing nobody kicks
over the traces.
Talk of a stampede was revived here
today. That such a thing is possible is
now pretty generally admitted, though
the whole thing depends upon circum
stances. If the experienced leaders of
the old guard can hold the convention
back, there will be no stampede. If It
can not do so, then any one of the candi
dates may disregard the leaders and
make a dash for the nomination via a
more direct appeal to the delegates them
selves.
On the other hand, should the conven
tion go its course, normally and undis
turbed, though the process of elimination
referred to, the list of the dark horses
would be reached.
EARL HAIG MADE
BRISTOL FREEMAN
Accepting, Pledges Aid to Ex-
Service Men.
BRISTOL, June 9.—At a special meet
ing held recently of the city council of
j Bristol, Ear! Haig, K. TANARUS., G. C. 8., was
made an honorary freeman of the city.
The field marshal, after acknowledging
the honor conferred upon him. said that
since relinquishing his command he
could claim that, next to the military
duties assigned to him at home, his chief
care had been to do all he could to se
cure fair and generous treatment for for
i rner service officers and men.
His ambition was to see men who were
capable of working, resettled happily in
j civil life, and adequately provided for.
! Much had been done, but his ambition
had not been wholly realized, and there
was still need for former service men to
keep together if they did not want to
see their Interests overlooked amongst
myriads of other matters that claimed the
attention of the government and public.
One of the greatest difficulties which,
i he said, they had to face, was to be
| found In the attitude of the workingmen,
as represented by certain trade unions,
j A number of trade unions had taken
’ an active and honorable part In assist
j iug .to solve the problems of finding
| work for former service men, but In far
too many cases the direct opposite had
| been the case.
He did not profess to be an expert
in trade union matters: he was a sol
dier, and it was not his business; but
he understood the meaning of fair play,
and was not destitute of a sense of grati
tude.
He found one powerful union, the
i Amalgamated Society of Engineers, had
| refused by ballot to assist in the train
! ing of incapacitated former service men.
lie recalled that many members of that
union were exempted, because of the na
j lure of their work, from serving in the
i trenches by the side of those to whom
j they now refused to extend a helping
; hard.
! After referring to a number of other
•j instances of a somewhat similar char
j acter, Earl Haig said he found such a
! state of things difficult to understand.
! Those trade unions ,were not strug
; gling for their existence, but were great
and powerful organizations which could
, afford to be generous. Surely they could
I do as much as others and endeavor to
j meet an exceptional state of affairs by
I exceptional action, by self-subordina
j tlon and sacrifice not one-hundredth part
i as great as that cheerfully submitted to
i by the men who now sought their sym
| pathy and nelp.
i He could not believe that trade unions
I acting in that way fully understood tho
j situation.
I He appealed to them to reconsider the
! matter and to see if they could not mod
-1 if.v their rules to the small extent re
! quired to enable former service men to
j find their way back into employment.
world his name is Albert Edmund
Brown, leader of community singing.
Perhaps he. too, Is one of those who
figures himself a dark horse.
Senator Lodge read for an hour and
a half, using all of the tried and true
stuff, and nobody cared enough to ap
npplaud. The general attitude seemed *io
be:
“We have seen this show before. Wo
know every act; the Swiss bell ringers,
the educated seals, the acrobats and
the Juggler tramp. AVe’ll stay till It's
through, but its awfully cold, and we
wish we could go to lunch.”
There Is something rather wholesome,
it seems to me, in this critical attitude!
ft reflects a good deal of sensible
through, but it’s awfully cold, and wo
street.
For generations politicians have been
denouncing each other and promising
to make our lives easier. And we're
beginning gradually to understand that
politicians can't make us successful or
happy or rich—that our salvation 11c#
not with them, bit down Inside our
jjelves.
STEAMROLLER
IS PUT TO WORK
ON CREDENTIALS
! Committee Stays on Job All
Night and Reverses Only
Three Cases.
984 VOTES, 493 TO WIN
CHICAGO, June 9.—The credential*
committe of the republican national com
mittee completed its work of making np
the permanent roil of that body at 5
a. m. today after being in session thir
teen hours.
The committee reviewed the 137 con
test eases heard by the national com
mittee last week and reversed that body’s
findings in only three cases.
Tho national committee action In un
seating two Missouri delegates was re
versed, bringing the vote of the conven
tion back to 984, with 493 necessary ta
nominate.
The meeting opened with an unexpected
fight over tha chairmanship.
Charles Innes, Massachusetts, was op
posed by Edward P. Duffleld, state chair
man of the Wood organization In New
Jersey.
Duffleld was elected, twenty-eight t®
sixteen.
The result occasioned some muttering
by the defeated section, who made much
of the fact that Frank H. Hitchcock,
Wood's campaign manager, had been
“visiting” with committee members for
an hour before they got down to busi
ness.
W. T. Laube, Washington, was elected
secretary by acclamation. Charles B.
Carter, Maine, former University of Mich
igan guard, and twice picked for the all-
Amrican football eleven, appeared In the
role of Informal attorney for the com
mittee.
He is a Wood man.
GEORGIA CONTEST
BRINGS HOT DEBATE.
In the debate that ensued in the
Georgia case. Gregory Page of New
Mexico tore Into Henry Lincoln Johnson,
negro national committeeman-elect, who
conducted the case for himself and as
sociated delegates.
A roll call was taken and Johnson’s
four Lowden delegates were retained on
the convention personnel.
The next division came In Georgia**
Fourth congressional district.
This time the Wood faction caught the
Lowdenites napping and seated C. D.
Williams in place of R. B. Butts.
John W. Smith, Michigan, wearied <rf
the partisan lines along which the ses
sion was developing, declared: “I'm
■ not here representing either Wood or
Lowden. Don't let s fool ourselves. We're
not deciding these cases according to the
evidence.”
This started a sort of testimonial meet
ing in which several members openly de
clared their preference regarding can
didacies.
John Moorman. Indiana, was insistent
that the record show he “proposes t*
I vote for Hiram Johnson.”
OKLAHOMA CONTEST
STANDS AS DECIDED.
When the fifth Oklahoma district wai
(ailed. Miss Ethel Delight McKinley,
Marion, Ind., woman republican organ
izer, was granted a hearing In behalf of
the Wood delegation that had prevlous
ly been seated by the national committe®.
The contest as decided by tU
• national committee.
The fifth Missouri, In which the na
tional committee threw out both sets of
delegates because of an alleged fraudu
lent primary, gave Page an opportunity
to make charges that the Lowden dele
gation—Robert J. Flick. Kansas City,
and J. E. Martin, Independence— had
usog gun men and mustard gas to break
up the opposition's conventions.
The committee first voted down a mo
tion to uphold the action of the national
i committee, 31 to 11, then seated Flick
and Martin, 27 to 20.
The last fireworks before the commit
tee lapsed into dessuetude came In the
tenth Tennessee case.
The national committee seated Robert
R. Church, Memphis negro and Harvard
graduate, supposed to be for Lowden,
opposed by Charles B. Quinn, Memphis,
! committed to Wood.
Mrs. Marshall Priest, delegate at larg*,
objected to Church.
He was ousted by an oral vota.
KNOTS RETARD
WORK OF G. 0. P.
(Continued From Paso One.)
would first take up those planks about
which there was the least controversy.
Waterways are the solution- of trans
portation now and for the next genera
lion to come, according to Harry 12.
Merrick, president of the Mississippi
Valley Improvement association, and
Charles A. Snyder of the Atlantic water
ways. both of whom appeared before the
committee asking that a plank be in
serted in the platform covering these
problems.
Merrick asked for the completion of im
provements already started on the Mis
sissippi, Ohio. Illinois and Missouri
rivers and the development of a larger
waterway through the St. Lawrence.
He cited the coal shortage of today as
the result of a transportation system that
can not take care of more than three
duy production of the mines, and de
clared the waterways offer the only solu
tion.
Gov. Peter Norbeok of South Dakota
followed Merrick on the same subject and
said the great northwest can not be
fully developed until the St. Lawrence
has been improved.
Gov. Livingstone Beeckman of Rhode
Island, a member of the steering com
mittee. expressed the belief the league
of nations and other disputed planks
would be ’‘worked out satisfactorily,” and
would meet tbe approval of the conven
tion.
MAY SUSPEND
Kl LES TO NOMINATE.
General rules of the convention provide
that nominations are not in order until
the four major committees have report
ed, but It Is probable these will be
suspended by unanimous consent, or en
recognition of the rules committee.
All the committees except the on*
framing the platform have completed
their work and made their reports.
Changes in the old rules promulgated
by the rules committee Included enlarge
ment of the executive committee from
ten to fifteen members.
This change was made to permit rep
resentation of women on the committee.
Anew rule was announced providing
that no delegate may talk longer than
five minutes, or more than once, on any
one subject.
One other change was made in the
rules.
This was to make unfinished business
the first order so as to clean up any
details that may be pending after the
nominations.
It opens the way for action on tbe
platform after the nomination; in case
the resolutions committee gets into a
protracted deadlock.
The report of the committee on rules
was adopted by acclamation.
YOUTH BOUND OVER.
George Huggins, 12. 2933 Moore aveniMt
was bound over to the grand Jury this
afternoon on two charges of attempted
assault on children. Bond was fixed at
§I,OOO on each charge.
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