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Indiana daily times. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1914-1922, November 08, 1920, Last Home Edition, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047611/1920-11-08/ed-1/seq-3/

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Restraint is
(ConCirraC av-om Pagre One.)
of their agents, to discharge that re
sponsibility with complete knowledge or
infallible wisdom; but it is reasonable
that they should use a moderate amount
of their collective energy and wealth in
deliberate and conscientious effort to
meet the responsibility as well as the
available means permit.’
"The subject of city planning is so
large and offers opportunity for such
flight* of imagination that much self
restraint is called for, yet the conse
quences of neglect and the rewards of
carefully planned work are so large that
It is worthy of the highest civic effort.
As understood today the subject in
cludes communication, transportation,
water supply, sanitation, public build
ings, aesthetics, recreation, housing, the
regulation of private property in the
public interest and the financial ar
rangements made necessary by these
things. These may bo grouped for con
venience into problems relating to: 1,
circulation; 2, public buildings and
grounds, and 3, private property. The
realization of the ideas of city planning
call for, as successive steps: A survey of
conditions, the framing of a plan, creat
ing the machinery of administration and
the execution of the plan.
"Evidence proves that in early times
some parts of the great cities were
planned with a view to their convenience
and beauty, but it Is in general true that
cities have grown up without any pre
vious planning and to a great extent
•without large plans of orderly develop
ment. Two conspicuous Instances -of de
liberate planning of a great city in ad
vance suggest themselves: Washington,
•which has in part at least been devel
oped In accordance with the original de
sign, and Canberra, the new capital of
Australia, as yet in its earlier formative
state. Only in rare instances have great
cities begun large undertakings of re
planning which involve at one time rad
ical changes in the street plan or the
abandonment of existing public build
ings In order that broad avenues, civic
centers and imposing public buildings
might appear. The enormous cost, the
Inertia of public sentiment and the op
position of vested interests have pre
"London missed its great opportunity
when, after great Are, vested interests
prevented the rebuilding according to
Wrenn's plans. Likewise. America has
-mTr-rifr, u X
AN indication of the extent of the reconstruction pro-
X"\. gram of the American railroads is found in the
fact that the Government turned back to the roads last
March approximately 2,230,000 freight-cars of all classes,
a large percentage requiring complete rebuilding.
The New York Central system, owning 277,734 freight
cars, or twelve per cent of the total turned back to the
roads, has been working under full pressure to restore
crippled and unfit rolling-stock to full efficiency. The
manner in which the enormous repair program is being
pushed through reflects credit upon the American work
men who, in twenty-four different car plants, are engaged
on the job.
At these plants a progressive traction system has been
adopted whereby the decrepit cars are brought in at one
end, the precise repairs chalked on their sides by expert
inspectors, and then moved through the long ways of the
shops past various crews, each of which performs a given
THE heads of old rivets, of which there are 4,000 in a
steel coal car, are burned off with acetylene torches,
after which cranes lift and toss aside the parts beyond
repair. Other gangs replace needed parts of frame and
running gear, and the car emerges at the other end ready
for the painters, and then for service.
As old cars are restored, and new equipment added, the
facilities for distribution are increased, and the public is
benefited. The new freight and passenger rates should
result in the establishment of a credit basis that will encour
age investments in railroad securities and thus make pos
sible even further improvements in transportation service.
seen similar opportunities lest in Boston,
Chicago, San Francisco and Baltimore.
Paris and Vienna present the two notable
examples of replanning on an elaborate
"Asa practical problem today city
planning presents two aspects:
“First, in the older parts of cities it
Is a matter of replanning through the
opening of new streets or the widening
of old ones to relieve congestion; the
cleaning up of a slum; the creating of
park and breathing space in crowded
neighborhoods, or determining and pre
paring the site for a public building.
Such projects involve the expenditure
of vast sumsthe penalty paid for lack
of foresight in the past—and in their
turn are usually carried out singly and
without the look ahead to future build
ing. Millions are being spent in our
older cities as tribute to lack of plan
ning. New York City has spent In a
generation not less than $400,000,000 in
correcting mistakes.
"Second, in the outlying district there
is going on real work of planning streets
and improvements. Here Is the oppor
tunity for a harmonious and considered
development which, though too often
neglected, may be produced by coop
eration between authorities and the in
telligent self interest of proprietors.
“It is but a short time since the term
city planning gained currency. It has,
too often, meant nothing more than the
’city beautiful’ and seemed to concern
itself with the planning and adornment
of a few show places of the city. The
jealous regard for Individual rights and
vested property interests in this country
have made unpopular the imnob'tlon of
Makes Food
Taste Good
Creates an appetite, aids digestion,
purifies the blood, and thus relieves
scrofula, catarrh, the pains and
aches of rheumatism and gives
strength to the whole system.
Nearly 50 years’ phenomenal sales
tell the story of the great merit and
success of Hood’s Sarsaparilla. It
Is Just the medicine you need now.
Hood's Pills help—fine cathartic.
sanitary requirements, limitations on
height and area of buildings and Insist
ence on the aesthetic rights of the pub
lic, while improvements at public ex
pense have been popular which touch no
private interest and satisfy the desire
for mere external adornment. Today city
planning is taking on the wider and
deeper meaning expressed in the defini
tions set forth above.
After touching on various features of
city planning, Mr, Bates takes up the
matter of zoning and says that "upon
reviewing the objections which may be
urged by, the city planner to the inten
sive and offensive uses of private prop
erty it will be seen that these objec
tions do not hold equally throughout the
city. Every city of any considerable
size contains a certain number of fair
ly well marked districts. There is a
business district, one or more industrial
districts and residential districts. in
larger cities districts might be further
differentiated. That whleh is detrimental
in one district may be postively bene
ficial and necessary in another. This
fact has led, in certain cities, to the
official recognition of the dominant use
characteristic of localities by dividing
the city Into districts and applying to
each different regulations with respect
to intensive and offensive uses of prop
erty. The principle has long been rec
ognized in America in the establishing
of ‘fire limits’ in downtown districts
wherein, to reduce the fire hazard, the
building regulations have been made
more stringent.”
After touching on the matter of
heights of buildings, Mr. Bates deals
with the application of the principle of
Scientifically Fitted
Dugan-Johnson Cos.
29 West Ohio.
Truss Dept, under management of
the Akron Truss Cos.
zoning in districts with respect to use,
and says that this usually has taken the
form of the segregation of certain "resi
dential’’ Jlstricts, where business and
industry may not Intrude.
"By ordinance adopted in July, 1916,”
he continues, "New York City applies
the zone system more extensively than
has heretofore been done in America.
‘Height districts,’ ‘area districts’ and
‘use districts’ are created. In the height
districts height is based on street width,
the maximum in the several districts be
ing one, one and a half, two and two
and a half times the street width with
exceptions for setbacks, spires and
chimneys. In the area districts, of which
there are five classes, area is made pro
portional to height of building in vary
ing ratio with special provisions for
courts and rear yards. With respect to
uses of property the city is divided Into
three classes of districts, residential,
business and unrestricted. In the resi
dence districts only a few uses except
for dwellings are permitted, vlz.j
Schools, churches, hospitals, llbaries,
passenger stations and gardening. In
the business district are prohibited a
long list of industries which are likely
to become offensive. The unrestricted
districts correspond to the Industrial dis
tricts of other cities.”
A third method of control of private
Kids’ Coals
$lO Sample Wool Velour
and Velvet Coats Sizes
nvi shi.oo
Women’s Fine
Formerly Priced at $30.00
Beautiful garments. A most
unusual offering of smart new
winter suits. Carefully tailored
and finished.
Doesn’t it seem like old times to hear of
At prices like these?
s ir
Boys’ School
They are IDEAL for
school wear. The tailor
ing is extra good; the
seams are strongly rein
forced. And the value is
unmatcliable anywhere.
property, he explains, is through the
control over the street plan.
Rushville Man to Be
Tried for Murder
Special to The Times.
RUSHVILLE, Ind., Nov. B.—Fred
Dunn, a factory employe of this city, will
go on trial N°v. 16 charged with flrst
degree murder.
Dunn has been held in Jail here two
months after shooting his wife, Cor
delia Dunn. After Dunn had shot and
killed his wife he turned the revolver on
himself and cut his throat with hla
pocketknife, but his Injuries did not
prove serious.
It Is said the defense will offer a plea
of insanity.
GREENSBURG, Ind., Nov. B.—Rolling
a peanut ten blocks with a tooth pick
was the task of Leonard Worland of
near here, who was the loser In an
election wager. Many persons gathered
to seo the wager paid. After Worland
had rolled the peanut two blocks with
the tooth pick, Dean Richardson, winner
of the wager, had compassion on him and
declared the debt settled.
Men's and Young
Men's Suits aud
$35.00 Values
$1 9.85
$40.00 Values
$45.00 Values
$7 Men’s All-Wool
Union Suits
Extra heavy worsted gar
ments, also silk and wool
merino, Wilson Bros, and
Cooper’s makes; sizes 34 to
54. Special—
$1.75 Men’s Shifts
and Drawers
Heavy fleece lined. Sizes 30
to 46. Special—
311-321 West Washington Street
Irish Note Says Reprisals Will
Be in 3 to 1 Ratio.
LONDON, Nov. B.—A threat to kill
three Englishmen In the United States
for reprisal attack by the British mili
tary and police in Ireland has been re
ceived front New York by Sir Hamar
Greenwood, chief secretary for Ireland,
the Irish office announced today.
The threat was in a letter written In
New York and signed by “J. V. O’Con
nor, president of the Irish Societies in
America.” According to the Irish of
fice the document said, In part:
"If there are any more reprisals after
Nov. 14 we will begin reprisals against
Englishmen in America, who are not citi
zens of the United States. For every
one murdered by the cowardly English
three Englishmen In America must pay.”
NEW YORK, Nov. B.—Prominent Irisb-
Americans and Gaelic organizations with
offices here today disclaimed any knowl
edge of or connection with “J. V. O’Con
The dress problem solved for the women who waiit the greatest value for their
money—in this lot of charming new
Fall and Winter Dresses
Actual $25, $35 and
$39.50 Values
Tricotines, Velours, Checks,
Velvets and Satins
Stunning models that represent the very
height of fashion —so becomingly trim
med—so carefully finished; yet at. „ a
price that seems little short of marvel
$5.98 and $6.98
About 200 all wool slip-over
sweaters in a wide variety of
color and style—
nor,” named in London dispatches as
head of an Irish society which would
Instigate reprisals against Englishmen in
America If alleged British reprisals in
Ireland did not stop.
Dalrmnnd Lynch, secretary of the
Friends of Irish Freedom, said he never
heard of “O’Connor” or his society.
BELFAST, Nov. B^—A tense situation
prevailed in Belfast and Londonderry to
day and troops patrolled the streets to
prevent further fighting following the
outbreaks on Sunday when many per
sons were wounded. Five policemen
I were wounded at Londonderry and two
| of* them are reported to be dying. v
j There was considerable shooting dur
ing the rioting in the Crumlin Road dis
■ trict of Belfast. Policemen and soldiers
1 charged the crowds with riot sticks. A
bowie knife and an antomatic pistol were
found upon one of the ring leaders, who
j was arrested. Finally armored cars were
1 called out and dispersed the crowds.
I The disorders at Londonderry followed
, the shooting of two policemen. Orange
| men beipm parading the streets burning
j the property of Sinn Felners. Fire en
j gines, escorted by troops, were compelled
,by rifle volley to turn back while at
i tempting to respond to an alarm from
i Foyle street.
of S2O
French Serges,
Satins and Taf
fetas. Beaded, em
broidered and
pleated models.
Sizes 16 to 44. Spe
sls Girls’ Coats
Silvertone, Velour and
Egyptian Plush New
smart models; fur and
plush trimmed; GO
sizes 2 to 14
pears W
Sample Silk
Exceptionally good styles and
workmanship at an exception
ally low price. Newest styles.
Silk lined.
$25 Value
Sensational pur
chase and sale of
hundreds of new
creations. Go on
sale at—
SIS' 75
Women’s Sample
House Dresses
About 200 Sample House Dresses in
stripe or check ginghams and percales
in the Billy Burke or waist line effects.
Wabash Minister in
Same Pulpit 48 Years
Special to The Times.
TV ABASH, Ind., Nor. B.—The Rev. Dr.
Charles Little, 75, pastor of the Wabash
Presbyterian Church for the last forty
eight years, delivered his forty-ninth an
nual sermon here Sunday. He gave a re
sume of the progress of the church, con
gregation ond the city, during the forty
eight years of his pastorate.
Dr. Little came to the local church the
first Sunday In November, 1872, and
since that time has been continuously
engaged as its pastor. Several mem
bers of the congregation who beard the
first sermon given here by Dr. Little were
present at the services Sunday. Dr.
Little has promised the members of his
church that he will remain their pastor
for the remainder of his life.
other freak election bet was paid here
Saturday when John Rhodes, loser,
wheeled Walter Glancy, Harding support
er, about the public square in a wheel
Hundreds of people cheered as Rhodes
accomplished his arduous task.

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