Newspaper Page Text
U. S. CONGRESS OLD MACHINE IN BAD REPAIR Great Lawmaking Body Needs New Starter and Other Equipment. LONG WAIT FOR ACTION WASHINGTON, I). C.—That Congress Is afl old-model machine In bad repair, and must be rebuilt and equipped With anew starter. Is an opinion which is now being heard from authoritative sources. And the case against the con gressional system seems to be a good one. One of its minor flaws is exhibited right now in the fact that, after electing anew administration, we must wait four months or so before it can go into action against the many difficult problems that confront it. The old administration is naturally going to mark time, as out going administrations always do. Lit tle matters like taxation, Haiti, and Mexico, it will leave to embarrass its successors of the other party. But that is only one of a number of ways in which Congress, as a machine, works poorly because of the way it is designed. It seems to have been intend ed to work much as the British parlia mentary sj-ftem does, but to have failed. At least, that is the opinion of Wood row Wilson, whose book on constitu tional government in the J-’uited States was a standard long before he was President, ana still remains so. “The President of the United States was intended .... to be a reformed and standardized king,” lie says, “and Congress was meant to be a reformed r.rd properlv regulated parliament." But the framers of the Constitution d-.vi their work none too weli in the first place, and time has changed it a good oral. Today the Congress of the United 1-tates is remarkable chiehy for its un wieldiness and irresponsibility. HOW THE BUCK IS PASSED. The chief fault of It, the critics seem to agree, lies in the fact that the men who design the laws have little to do . with enforcing them, and those who to enforce them have little to say in framing them. In other words, the thing works out as an elaborate system for the passing of the buck. Thl* can best be understood by com paring our congressional system with the British parli jmentary system, of which it seems to be a poor imitation In each there is a chief executive and a legislative body with two branches. There the simi, larity ends. In England the chief ex ecutive is the prime minister, who Is appointed by the crown, in "theory at least. He forms a Cabinet from tbe raern bers of his own - party in Parliament. These men are the heads of the executive branches of the Government, just as our Cabinet members are, bnt they also re tain their seats in Parliament and are made thereto defend their measures auq motives. Furthermore, the Cabinet In England originates all important legislation. If the bouse of Commons refuses to sup port its legislative program, then the Cabinet resigns and anew prime min ister forms anew Cabinet. If the Parlia ment, on tbo other hand, supports and passes the legislative program offered by the cabinet, then it is up to that same Cabinet to prove that those laws wiil work. CABINET OFFICERS HAVE NO POWER IN LEGISLATION. In our Congfess the Cabinet members not only have no seats in Congress, but they have no originative power over leg lstatlon—or at. least, practically none There are two chief results of this so far as the Cabinet officers are concerned. In the first place, the President and his Cab inet officers are called upon to execute whatever laws Congress chooses to pass; there is no certainty of harmony be tween them. In the second pla'c the Cabinet officers are not subjected to ef fective criticism. Almost any one can think of a few Cabinet officers who would har had a hard time holding their jobs if they had been forced to defend the ad ministrations of their departments on the floor of the House. The results of the system, so far Congress is concerned, are essentially the same la that they also make for'irre sponsibility. The real originative souro ®f our laws is* in the committees of the House. There are a great many of these committees. Bills introduced ar> referred to them. They report only what bills they choose to report, and usually these are bills drawn up by the committee Itself and bearing the name of the chair men. These bills are debated and' fought over on the floor of the House, it is true, but the size of the House, the number who wish to be beard, and the Immense amount of business to be transacted, make this debate perfunctory tud Inadequate. In the Senate the bills get a great deal more real deliberative consideration. But differences between the House and the Senate must be com promised in the conference committee, usually In great haste at tbe end of a session. The result of all this is that the typical American Federal law is a child of ob scure origin. Many hands have a share in its upbringing, and it is finally turned FOR Colds * tube to- JEJnft. d*y. Make* your bced end nose l'V^ 1 * '*’ feel fine. sNv Easy to to act 20 treatment tin FREE —Writ* KONDON MFG. CO. Minneapolis, Minn. Stiff? Sore? A lame back, e sore muscle or a stiff joint often is considered too lightly by the sufferer. It should be remembered that backache, rheumatic pains, stiff* ness, soreness, sallow skin and puffineis tinder the eyes are symptoms of kidney and bladder trouble—and these certainly should not be neglected. foleyjgdneypuis help the kidneys eliminate from the system the poisonous waste and acids that cause these aches and pains. They act promptly and effectively to restore v-eas, overworked or diseased kidDeys cr, i bladder to beaitby, normal con dition. - £• E- Simmons. £X) E. 50th St., Portland. Ore.. "I was troubled with backache sod wrmsry trouble I triad Foley Kidney Pills and aey tht 1 hishly recommend thorn to any i ts tree Usd in that way, as they are azceUsnt.** Big New Plant Rapidly Taking Form •••• v rzzf j iiwin in— in i n iBMWi i iiiir iMWMMiwwMMMmwwi The big Indianapolis plant of the Westinghouse Laiup Company, one of this city’s new industries, has begun to assume a most imposing appearance, with its length of 400 feet on Michigan street and its width of eighty feet. over for enforcement, to the Cabinet of ficer who stands often in the position of a somewhat reluctant and critical step father. If the child does well, every one claims credit, and if ■ set-m# unpopular and ugly, every one blames somebody else. LACK OF UNITY MAKES BUSINESS UNWIELDY. Furthermore, consider the way In which our legislative programs are drawn up. These programs ought to be uni- m Good Service |@9| ■ ■ and) VS ■ 1 Is What People Want for Travel and Shipping Better passenger and freight service to points reached by trac tion lines than given by any other means of transportation. Seventeen trains via Anderson and fourteen trains via New castle for Muncie.* Seven through trains to Ft. Wayne, sixteen to Kokomo. Two trains through to Ft. Wayne and one through train to Goshen via Peru daily. All limited trains connecting at junction points for all cities and towns in the gas belt, northern and northwestern part of the state, Michigan and Ohio. Passenger and Freight Trains Protected By E ectric Block Signals % Announcement to Freight Shippers “Aeroplane” Freight to Ft. Wayne, seven hours; Toledo, fourteen hours. “Cannon Ball” Freight to South Bend, fourteen hours; St. Joseph; Mich., twenty-four hours. Local freight to all points daily except Sunday. Express freight on all passenger trains “stack up” our service against anything else. f Talk to the Local Agent or Write to Traffic Department, Anderson, Indiana iflnfisftl UNION TRACTION CO. IfKfjsift! wUm OF INDIANA li .JJ vv ■■ ■_ —t I) It is a concrete building, of the latest type of construction and design anil will have a total height of about eigbt feet, four stories and a basement, The building is on East Michigan street. Just west of the Belt railroad, and it will be used for the manufacture fled, and they ought to be the work of the beat brains in the party. Asa mat ter of fact they are nor unified at all, being tbe work of a great many separate committees working under no unified con trol except the very loose one of the party I caucus. And there are so many commit ! tees that each Congressman is a member >f at least two. AinTYonunUtPe meiuber j ships are awarded far more in accord j ane with seniority than with any staud ard of fitness. t V y^" 2 •'O-', |kw INDIANA DAILY TIMES, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 29,1920. of the Westingbouse Aiazda lamps. The company hopes to have the plant in operation in April or May of 1921, and it is expected that, at the start, about 800 or 900 persons will be em-j, ployed, the majority of them to be women. Furthermore, these committeemen rep resent primarily their own constituencies, instead of thb nation at large, as do members of the cabinet in England. The chairman of the Committee on Rivera and Harbors is nearly always a man from a constituency where river and harbor hu- To Core a Cold In One Dajr Take Grove's LAXATIVE It ROMO QUI NINE tablets. The genuine bears the signature of E. W. Grove. 30c.—Adver tisement. provements nre much needed, or at least the money they will bring into the coun try is much needed. Naturally the chair man of the Committee on Rivera and Harbors will favor liberal appropriations in that line. You might think he would bo opposed on the floor by a member from Utah, who is not in the least in terested in river and harbor improve ment, there being none of either in his Rtate. But he is chairman of the Com mittee on Public Lands and wants large appropriations for reclamation projects in the desert. So he agrees to vote for the improvement of Mud Creek, and the member from Florida agrees to vote for thos building of a dam across Dry Wash, and everybody Is happy—except the tax payer. In a word, our congressional system not only falls to hold men prßperly ac countable, but it insures that our legisla tive programs shall lack unity and shall be formed by barter and compromise be tween local interests rather than by a consciousness of the needs of the nation as a whole. Whisky Smuggled Through Pipe Line MEXICO CITY, Mexico, Dee. 29. -The very latest tale reaching the Mexican capital about tbo whisky merchants of the border is like a chapter from a thrilling dime novel. It Is asserted that smugglers of whisky from Mexico into Texas aud Arizona have built pipe lines across tbe border and pump Bourbon, rye and other liquids from “wet” bases on this side to re ceiving stations on the “dry" side. The pipe lines do away with the fuss and labor —and also the danger—of get ting whisky across the line in bottles and barrels. Instead of dodging border guards tbe smuggler now sits at his ease while the pipe line dqe* the work. It is asserted that this story about pipe lines is true and not fiction. SOME COP. DO WAG I AC, .Mich, Dec. 29,-Bandlts ffcund William McCoy, nUrht policeman, on guard in a doorway. They carried him back to an automobile. One held him while the other looted the stores They took his gun, gave him a cigar aiul told him to walk back to town. SOVIET PEACE PLAN OUTLINED AT CONFERENCE Lenine Says $17,000,000,000 Will Be Spent in Electrifi cation of Russia. TROTSKI GETS OVATION MOSCOW, by wireless to Berlin, Dec. 20.—Nicolai Lenine, in a two-hour speech before the all-Russian soviet congress today, outlined a great program of re construction nnd presented strong argu ments in favor of his policy of granting concussions to foreign capitalists. La nine said that ‘seventeen billion dollars would be spent in the next tea years for the erection of a gigantic system of elec tric power throughout ail Russia. The present session of the all-Russiau soviet congress, which opened last Wednesday, is considered the most im portant gathering of its kind since the birth of tbe soviet republic, not only be cause all of Russia is represented, buc also because lighting has stopped aud Russia is now in a position for tbe first rime in three years to look forward to a period of peace and economic recon struction. The soviet republics of Armenia and Hood’s Sarsaparilla Makes Food Taste Good Creates an appetite, aids digestion, purifies the blood, and thus relieves scrofula, catarrh, the palna and aches of rheumatism and gives strength to the whole system. Nearly 50 years’phenomenal sales ! tell the etory of the great merit and success of Hood’s Sarsaparilla. It i is Just the medicine you need now. i Hood's Pills help—fine cathartic. The Electric Way is the Convenient Way. Hourly Service to All Important Indiana Points Azerbaijan are represented. The Assembly is composed of working men, all plainly dressed, and the dele gates number 2,400. The first address was made by Repre sentative Tcibabriellan, delegate from Ar- j menia. Bela Kun, ex-Communlst dictator of j Hungary, who is now connected with the Moscow government, reported on condi tions in Crimea. He has Just returned from Crimea, where he had been during the heavy fighting between the Ileds and General Wrangel’s army. Tbe delegate from Azerbaijan spoke on conditions in that newly created country. Leon Trotski, People's commissar for war, got an ovation that lasted for some minntes. This demonstration was re peated when Lenine appeared. Lenine advanced many suggestions for the rehabilitiation of the country. While speaking of concessions be made the following interesting point the peasants: “The question of conseastons has aroused suspicion in the minds of some people throughout the country, who are i prone to consider such action equivalent to selling Russia to foreigners. Peasant representatives came here to Moscow and said they would ba willing to suffer an other three years rather than see their mother country—Russia—sold. Tlri3 feeling shows a high degree of national self-consciousness and is a very goo guarantee that we can and wiil keep ample control of these concessions. But we cannot do without these concessions. Wo must have machinery." Speaking of the transportation indus try, during which he referred to fuel Sterilized Bottles An added protection for Polk’s Milk Return your empty milk bot tles pro mptly. Without bottles we can not make deliveries to you. Gas Rate Question A Case in Point Cold weather always increases the danger of interruptions in our plant operations at the same time that our consumers greatly in crease their demand for gas. Tuesday morning, about 7 o'clock, when the thermometer was below zero and the morning peak of gas consumption was at its highest, the current of the electrical company which supplies both of our plants was completely cut off for 38 minutes. When electrical service was restored, the current was thrown on with such force and suddenness that the converter of the electrical company at our larger plant was burned out. It cannot be gotten into commission again before Wednesday night. We have only limited equipment of our own to meet such emergencies, and we are not able at the pres ent time to consider increasing our own equipment. At the same time the drop in temperature threw a heavier de mand on our boilers for all plant purposes, while the necessity of generating as much electric current as possible would have over taxed them even in mild weather. Our larger plant has been under equipped with boilers since 1917. Several minor mißbaps occurred, and. having no reserve boilers, our steam pressure dropped and could not be brought up again until after noon. The plant was barely able to keep the by-product coke oven operation going on a con siderably reduced schedule and .could not make any water-gas at all until late in the day. Last spring, when it became apparent that our earnings for thi3 year would be good, we ordered additional boilers and undertook extensive boiler-house improvements. These are still far from completion, although we have already spent a great deal of money on them. When completed, they will greatly increase the efficiency of our boiler-house, but a further large investment will be required before we shall consider it entirely adequate. Beyond the boiler-house improvements now In progress we are not able to go with our present resources. At the same time there was a sudden and great Increase in the de mand for gas. On the day after Christmas the public did not want much gas. Only 8,000,000 cubic feet were wanted, being 2,000.000 cubic feet under the consumption of the day before and ths day after. On Monday morning our holders were frfll, but the small consump tion of Sunday could not enable us to accumulate a good stock to meet the heavier demand of the cphl weather which we knew to be coming. We do not have storage holder capacity to permit U3 to carry a reasonable stock. We have already pointed out that we shall not have any better storage capacity by the winter of 1921-22 unless our financial situation permits us to place an order for this half-million dollar improvement early in 1921. We are not now able to place such an order. Up to the time of writing this statenpent the public had not felt the consequences of our plant deficiencies and difficulties. Up to this hour we have been able to render 100% service in spite of the heavy deman<r for gas for heating purposes. Perhaps before this statement is published we shall experience a gas shortage which will require us to reduce pressure and thus limit consumption. If the zero weather should continue for a week, this would certainly be the case. Whether the public is inconvenienced at this time or not, It is nevertheless true that at this writing the gas supply of the city Is seriously imperiled by our lack of electrical equipment, our lack of boiler equipment and our lack of storage-holder capacity. It is our desire to cure these deficiencies as speedily as our finan cial resources permit us to do so, but our financial resources are largely dependent upon the price which our consumers pay for gas. Citizens Gas Company as “the bread of industry,” Lenine said: “As we found it necessary to get bread for our soldiers we must also get fuel for our factories.” He went on to ex plain his plan to utilise peet and for the electrification of Russia. The plants and wiring system will cost $17,000,000,000, which is to be distributed over ten years. Lenine said that Russia could not afford to spend more than $10,000,000,000, hoped to get the rest from concessions. Cross Produced Between Fruits BERKELEY, Cal., Dec. 20.—Crosses be tween a tangerine and a grape fruit and other combinations of citrus hybrids that may be as famous as the hybrid between tbe King mandarin and a sweet orange that brought phenomenal prices in New York last winter, are being produced in considerable numbers at the citrus ex periment station of the University of Cal ifornia. About r.,C00 seedlings, mostly from crosses made by H. B. Frost, re search associate, are being grown at Riverside, CaL These include the tanger ine and the pomelo or grapefruit, the orange and the pomelo, the lemon and the pomelo, and tne Valencia orange aud '.he - Mediterranean sweet orange. In the citrus breeding work at tbe university flowers are carefully emascu lated and pollinated and bagged for pro tection from accidental pollination. Branches employed and the fruits that result are labeled, the seeds are planted alngly and gech resulting seedling is separately labeled. Our bottle washing ma chine, which helps us to maintain the absolute purity of Polk’s Best Milk, is the most modern one obtain able. >- The bottles are scrubbed thoroughly inside and out with a caustic solution and then sterilized by live steam. The high standard of Polk’s Best Milk is maintained only by con- 1 ' stant vigilance and the expenditure of considerable sums of money for new and scientific equipment. POLK’S Best MILK ASK YOUR PHYSICIAN Order by Phone. North 852, Auto. 23-331.