OCR Interpretation

Brookville American. [volume] (Brookville, Ind.) 1858-1861, April 02, 1858, Image 2

Image and text provided by Indiana State Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85048197/1858-04-02/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

'roohuiüc Jmtricnn.
w. 1 1. i'osTi;i:, j imTcjTu.
The Democratic Caucus.
The Democratic members of the
House, who met iii caucus tu fix upon
tt plan fur tlic ndtot-sioii of Kansas,
atifactory to loth wings of the parly,
havo utterly failed to airreo and have
hcpuratcd iu Lad liumtr. The breach
uontinuca to widen, and it is now regar
ded as tcrU'in, that the bill will bo do
" feutcd, unless some unforöcon change,
takes place. Yesterday, (Thursday)
was the day fixed fur a final trial in the
House. It is believed that tho Eepub
cans, Anti-Lccompton democrats und
leading Americans will ull unito upon
the Crittenden amendment, which will
givo the opposition uno liuudred and
twehty-ono votes. If tho Crittenden
uLstitutu should pas.- tlio House, the
Senato will never concur in it, and the
vLolu matter will bo gono over again.
When bliall wc havo un end to this vex
atious question ?
Th Tariff of 1813.
It will lc remembered that Mr. J. I).
Williamson, whowasbrought befowthe
Congressional investigating Cominitto
- u fliort time since, testified that the Tai
ill of 18 IC, was carried through Coli
grew by tho bribing ot certain mem-
Urs. That seven millions of dollars
of Dritish money, and eighty thousand
francs from France, were used for that
This may, or may not bo true, but
when wo look about and sco tho pros
trate condition of the country, -the ro-
Iticed xvnei, the want of employment
of our laboring men, tho furnace, for
gc and factorieH that aro stunding Idle,
and tho general ruin that stalls abroad
over tho country, and to think that
my ct of men, profiling to havo
Intelligence, would bo guilty of such
wuntou legislation, of which all this i.s
tho known result, we are inclined to
believe the truth of tho sworn testimo
ny of Williamson in regard to tho mat
ter. Just to think of two hundred and
filly neven millions of dollar: balance of
trado against us iu seven year, under
what may bo property styled tho lrit
tiidi Tariff tho Tariff ol IS IG. Is this
not nufticient to bring financial trouble
upon tho country, to spread ruin and
desolation in every household in the
lar.d? However, true, or untruo the
fttatementof Willie mson may bo, wheth
cr tho parage of the act was, or was
not effected by bribery, its result is w ell
know and felt by thousands upon thou
and of its poor laboring victims. The
whojo country feels it to their sorrow,
und will feel it until a change of policy
is produced. Wo believe in protection
to American labor, protect:on to Amer
ican mechanics and protection toAmcr
IntcrcbtH, in every possible way. Wc
owo lho duty to ourselves to take care
of American interests in preference to
cjuouragi'ig foreign monopoly the
fame as it become tho duty of every
ouui . to protect his own household hi
iprcferviico to that of another. Twice
an tho last thirty year, havo wc witncs-
cd tho effect of n reduction of a Tariff
enacted for tho purposo of a (lord in
protection to American labor, and at
the Famo timo affording abundant rev
aiujo to tlio country, and regulating
our commerce in euch a way us to kecj
itUo Lai a iK o of trado in our favor. The
financial trouble of 1SIJ7, was lho result
ofn reduction of tho Tariff of IMS,
luring tho existence of which tho foun
dry had never been in fo prosperous a
condition. Tho namo Is true in rela
tion to tho financial troublo of 1S57,
which should bo uttributed to tho re
peal of tho Tariff of 1812, and tho en
uctmcnt iu Ituteaijof tho Tariff of 1810.
. In IS 10 tho pcoplo place! their seal of
condemnation upoi f'.o party whlcl
lia boon tho meant ofuch disaster to
tho cour.try.nnd, but fur tho traitorous
. conduet 01 Jonn lyiortiiatpariy would
nowhavo bcenjenjnying ft quiet reposo
- In tho tomb offoblirion, but no John
Tyler will ever bo nblo resurrect it from
the defeat which awaits is in If CO.
Tut üb fat Ktviv.u.. Wo scarcely
open a Rcculur paper from any section
of the country but revival notice meet
th eye. Tho awakening extends from
tho Last to tho West, and prevails
amongst most of lho Christian denomi
nation. The religious interest in eit
le, towns, and villages, us well usiu the
country, appears to bo. constantly c.x
tending and becoming moro engrossing.
Churches uro crowded, union and other
prayer meetings aro largely attended,
nd daily accessions are made to the
llaptlsts, Methodist, Congregationalism
And other Kvangolical sects. The pres
ent revival Is said to be more wide
spread and general among all i1.ih.hus
than any known for many years.
liaTlior. Wright writes that ho is liv
ing in tt largo building, with eleven
rooms, rent l'JüO thaler (?SM) ft year,
for icrvanU costing 1,000 thalers (?i',g)
a year. Tho cxpenso of furnishing his
bouso vm 3,000 thalers )8l!,000). Ho
thinkihe will wartcly bo able to pave
enough of his sallary to come home up-0Q.
Assignment. ,
We are sorry toannounco the failure
and assignment of ono of our princi
pal mercantile firms, Messrs Tyncr &
Kimble, who have assigned all their ef
fects to John Koberls, for the ber.ciil ol
their creditors. We regret this very
much, for a more clever or better pair
of business men, wo havo not in our
community. They havo been active,
industrious and economical in their bu
sincs , andmcritnnd will have the sym
pathy of tic entire community.
Their assets aro abundantly ample to
meet all their liabilities, and they have
been driven to thU unpleasant situation
solely by their inability to make col
lections. How men who owo merchat ts for
tho supplier of necessaries, which they
havo got from them on credit, and who
havo barns and cribs full of farm pro
ducts which they refuse to sell and thus
realize money to liquidate their debts,
simply because prices are not up to the
mark set by their inflated iinngfbations,
can rest well, o. havo tho audacity to
look their creditors in the face, is more
than wo have yet been. able to learn.
Vet it is so, and these men will stand by
and behold with Impunity, merchants
thrust to the wall, struggling to save
their credit and writhing with the fear
that they will bo driven to that extrem
ity, tho thought of which, causes every
honest business man to shudder, and
tho full forco of which nono save busi
new men have a just and proper concep
tion. Iov much better would it bo if
those why are in debt to tho merchants
and others would sell off their surplus
stock, even though they had to do it ut
u sacrifice, and pity their debts. The
loss would thus, instead of falling upon
and sacrificing tho few, bo distributed
among the many, nnd under this kind
of inlluenco lho country would soon
"right up" from tho pressure that ha
(alien upon us and matters would again
move on smoothly.
Wo know it is hard for men who have
been getting $l,öü und S2,h) per bush
el for wheat, and paying corresponding
high prices for labor, to consent to sell
their wheat for 70 cents; but in tho end
it Would bo much better. I'l esent pros
peels indicate that U mut bo done at
somo tune, and lho sooner the better.
Let every man who is in debt resolve to
sell off all ho can spare and thus extri
cate himself, and our financial Storni
will soon blow over. It is hardly worth
while to caution agahi-t going in debt,
fn we be'.ieve tlio entire country has
checked up on that score and uro living
as economically as possible. This i-
right. Wo havo all been living too last
been to anxious to make a fortune in
a day a leaction has taken place and
wo must lor :t while content ourselves
with slow traveling.
The adoption of thccWi system would
work a remedy for all theso evils and we
hope tho country will soon be in a eon
dition and have tho disposition to up
ply it.
For Congress.
We notice that lb Hums, Ksq., offers
himself as a sacrifice upon the altar ol
.1 Jcmociatic Congressional nomina
tion, and is posted to canvass the county
previous to tho lasting of tho Demo
cratic Convention in Julie. Un will
speak in Uroukvillo or. sho 7th, proxi
mo "tho weather permitting."
We know nothing of this gentleman,
but if ho is to go to Congress, wo hope
ho is "light on tho goose," that is, the
Kansas question ; not as being applica
ble to Kansas particularly, for wo ex
pect, and hope that part of it will soon
bo settled in somo shape, but as appli
cable to other Territories applying fur
admission hc-reallcr; without which
rcquxito Mr. Hums, nor any other J 'em-
ocrat will stand n ghost of a chanco ot
being elected. Such being the case, wo
do not know that it matters much from
which party we elect, so that he comes
up to tho', JclVeisonian standard of hon
esty and capability. Wo aro in favor
of both parties nominating good men
tx'lti.tlc belter than wo havo had, and n
little better than to continue feuino who
uro now in office, and who w ould like to
to tlettcd again,
Tho Sumner Court Martial,
Cid. Sumner, w ho was recently court
martialed at Carlisle barracks for chal
lenging (ten. Harney to fight u duel, has
been in quiled. Tho New York Times
says that this result "will bo eminently
gratifying to tho country.as it certainly
is to tho army. (ten. Harney's conduct
throughout tho whole affair has been
utcrly unbecoiulngan olllcer and a gen
llemau. His remarks at the Tort Leav
ctiworth court martial were gratuitous
ly personal and offensive, ami this viola.
tion of courtesy was greatly tig.'; cava ted
by his obstinate relusal to afford Col.
Sumner any explanation.
Trctty Oood.
Tho Lafayette Joitniitl says :
"A fellow by the name of Morcau
writes to a Cincinnati paper (hat he
was "gagged down" by the presiding
ö Ulcer of tho recent Kepublican Slate
Convention. Tho presiding officer
seem.4 to havo i Imsen between evils the
"ggj:l"g" of Morcau by refusing to let
him speak, or the "gngglng" of tho
Convention by permitting li tin to go Oil.
lie certainly choo-io tho least."
Tnrnpikc U the Railroad.
It is a. "fixed fact" that wo shall havo
u bridge across tho west lorlc of the
river at this place. With tho subscrip
tion already obtained, mado reliable by
tho decision of tlio Supremo Court in
tho caso of the Company vs. McCarty
vt Adair, it will only bo necessary for
our County Commissioners to add from
two to th reo thousand dollars to secure
lho much desired improvement. Will
they do it? We hesitato not, to say yes.
Their proverbial liberality whero tho
whole interest of tho Count so muclu
demands it, ani tho present inaccessi
ble iositicii of the poor house, forbids
any other answer. With a bridgo com
plete, wo havo almost half tho work of
a Turnpike road done to tho Cincinnati
,t Indianapolis llailroad. It is but
fourteen miles, through x. densely popu
lated, for so broken a country, furnish
ing a largo amount of trado and busi
ness to our town and canal, which must
greatly increase, as its resources aro ful
ly developed.
With n good (jrauld road up tho val
ley of Wolf, across the waters of l'ipc
creek, and thenco by Oldcnburgh tollun-
tersville, or a point between liatcsvillo
and Spade's Station, wo can make Cin
cinnati inoirand Indianapolis in fine
hours, tho only sure and certain meth
od by which Urookvillo can cheapo tho
fatal designation of "a finished (own."
Wo havo ft beautiful nnd romantio sit
uation, with unsurpassed water privi
liges; tho county seat of u largo, popu-
lousand wealthy county, w ith ft healthy,
industrious ami moral population. As
men luiving duties to perforin, let II
finish our bridge, build this road, and
thereby avail ourselves of the only im
mediate improvement possible for a de
velopment of tho result rccsof our town
and (surrounding country.
For Ilia np-okOll AwiVflU.
Horticultural Societies.
Mr. Editoii: -Tho importance of
Horticultural Societies, in all jnrt of
tho country should bo manifest to tho
farming communitya al.-voitstwin asso
ciate Agriculture. The former moro es
pecially should be fostered, promoted
and properly appreciated by all persons
of whatsoever capacity or calling. A
residence of forty years in this western
country has satisfied mo of its impor
tance and influence in a conspicuous
point of view. We will instance Cin
cinnati in lSlft, what wero the chief
fruits that filled the market at that pe
riod, generallyl why native, but few
graded, as the communication with the
Mastern states being long nnd difficult
therefore scarcely nircein.m orthntMr
could be considered good, but now
through tho inlluenco of lho Cincinna
ti Horticultural Society it is rare to see
bad fruit in the market. To that soci
ety tho public owes, particularly to a
few enterprising individual.s.mueh mer
it, yet, that society has not met the sup
port from our citizens commensurate to
their laborious industry.
There is no person that visits tho mar
ket to purchase fruit, vegetable, 01
(lowers, but derives a benefit font tho im
provement in those luxuries so essential
to our comfort. Tho causo of those
improvements aro not for ono moment
attributed to tho society by those bene
fited, or the society would bo better sus
tained. The premiums paid by tho so-
cn v amount to largo sums yearly; this
alone i i!:o main spring and incentive
to instill iu tho liorticulturalist a desiic
to improve and cultivate nono but tho
best of everything in this lino.
Tho farmers and ail other, in your
community ought injustice to tho pres
ent ami rising, generation, subscribe,
und join a nocioty in your town, for the"
(lifi'usion of knowledgo on that topic
unless your citizens manifest a lively
interest on tho subject it cannot bo ex
pected that farmers will go out of tho
rctiuuo of tho "even tenor of their
way," to meet thier family expenses
no sir! they maxt havo somo Incentive
to promoto on interest for a publio ben
cllt, it few exception only. A well or
ganized society offering liberal preml
urns for all new and choi'.u fruit, would
bo a great wtiiuulcnt to (ho improve
incuts of what the community aro daily
consuming, not only as n luxury, but
one of tho necessaries of life. If re
ports aro (rue, lho Cincinnati Jlorticul
tural Society at all times aro willing to
iiHsUt their co laborers In diffusing thero
experience to others, and enterchang-
lug grails of choice fruit trees, also, Im
porting thero knowledgo of all tho best
fruits to others as well as tho best nnd
different modes of pruning, a great do
sideratum,so that a farmer desirous of
planting out ft young orchard by nppli
cation can learn the names of all fruit
trees worthy of culture. Tin's bavin1;
fruits maturing from early harvest un
til lato in spring, information that could
not lave been obtained before the for
mation of our western Horticultural
Societies, for it will be found many fruit
trees that will succeed well in tho Jiast,
will not westol tho mountains.
Cincinnati March UH, 1853.
Lrxt'itiKrf ov tii k Skaso.v. -Last
mouth the renidents cf San Augustine
Florida, hud strawberries grown in tho
open air. Tho next week they had ice
in tho streams. The latter luxury was
thought io bo A little unseasonable and
KniNjiiaoii, Ind, March 21 7S.
Mr. Kditou: Js your river on a
''high" ? It must bo, for your valuable
paper has not yet made its appearance,
though it v, :is duo last Saturday. When
will you llrookvilJains bridge that
IroublcKomo stream ? It should have
been done long ago, and Urookvillc will
never rival Cincinnati until it is done.
Men can waste hundreds and thousands
of dollars on elections, yet they will
not spend a few dollars on a public im
provement of great importance. I hope
the Jlip Van Winkles of Urookvillo will
soon awake, and not only sco tho neces
sity .of bridirinir both tho forks of
White Water, but also put their hands
in their pockets, and forthwith put two
bridges there, which shall bo a credit
and a means of revenue to your town.
I don't wish to find fault, but will just
say, by way of remark, that if the
abutments of tho laet bridgo over the
cast fork had been put m oven half
honestly, the bridge would liaro remain
ed until this day. Hut its of no so to
cry for. ppllt milk, and tho only way
now, is to do tho work better.
Don't jjQir wish you had a mitroad
through your town ? I know you do,
but I guess you will tct a long time
beforo von have one. Tho air line rail
road wVd tarrfy fcour eitizonsfor a time,
at Iear, until some ol them pay tlio per
cent, on UieLr investments in said niv
lino road. 1 know somo men, not n
hundred miles from Edinburgh, who
can sympathir.o with somo of your rail
road speculators. Thcso men helped
build tho different roads running thro'
this place, and us yet, they havo hud no
dividcnilor even a free pass for a
pleasure ride. Thoso railroads pay
agents wcll,but well, tho less said the
hotter until thi year, minister living
alonr tho railroads, had half fare tick
ets given theni, but now they have the
privilege ot paying n well as any other
hom-Ht person. Ono very attentive,
faithful nr.d gentlemanly conductor, on
tho Shclbyvillo k Hushvillo 11. II. WftS
summarily dismissed lor tho heinous
crimo of passing Father Havens over
tho road without pay. Such at Last, is
tho general impression, v cry well that
road needs all tho money It can get to
support it. I lidioveit is generally con
Ceded that railroad towns mv more im
moral than any other, inasmuch as the
residents are generally transient, and of
a class not the n0!t educated and relig
ious. I think IMiiiburgh can show pa many
wicked boy as any town of its size, iu
the west, save Han mm, ., for that place
must always ho excepted, being proba
bly the most wicked place in fourstates.
Hut we hope that our town will soon
redocm its character, and bo a more
moral place. 1 havo but little gossip
for this letter, as ours is a ipiiet tow n.
I learn, however, that there is a young
preuihrr in the parsonage, but I think
the former pastor will lo the preaching
until tho younger one is able to walk
alone. 1 am glad to learn so many of
your younter are marrying off. ir.
Keclv seems to be kej-t tolerably la-y
tyingeoiiples. May they all be happy
ami nav tho .Urookvilo Ai,i ri'tn havo
IV U ''.h-i'MV'Cr.-t, 1:1 tl'.O WISil Of
W .Yours, K.1
fit tU.OTINISO OF JHlMOt UATS, Tfcliry
M. Fitch, Esij., son of Sonator Fitch of
this Stato.'ha.s been appointed U. S.
District Attorney for the Northern Dis
trict of IlPnois, iu place of A. M. Her
ri ngton, Douglas Democrat, removed.
I'hillip Conlcy has bee A appointed port
collector of Chicago, in tho plaeo of
(jSoncral Fry, Douglas Democrat, re
moved. Mr. Cook, the postmaster at
Chicago, is turning out all tho Douglas
Democrats in his office. These events
aro creating a very profound s-ensation
among tho Illinois Democracy.
tCySemo of tho Ieeumpton parcrs
claim that Leeomplon will pass the
Mouse, even ii tho United vote f the
South Americans bhould bo thrown
against it. Tho Indiana State Sentinel
says :
Tho opposition of tho South Ameri
can members, if that should bo deter
mined upon them, will not prevent the
final passago of tho mcosurc, although
it will make it a closo vote."
Tho N. Y. Journal of commcrco says:
"It i ot clear that tho complete un
ion of tho AluCrittin i Congress with
tho Kcpiü-uns anu Douglas men, will
form ft p) sufficiently .roiig to de
feat tho tuliwiwsion of Kutisas Vindvr the
Leeomplon Constitution. J t would rcn
der tho vote a very closo one, but prob
ably would ittll Ieavo ft majority iu la
vor of admmlssion."
Gen. Lane and Gov. Denver Card of Gen.
Lafn, blander Refuted. &c.
(JoTcrnor Denver, In Imitation of his
i'lHu'tlriotn j'i'cdeccssors in oflK-c." i be
coming famous lor proclamations, He
takes advantage of every opportunity to
impose upon the people a gubernatorial
pronuiiciamcnto, The last document of
this kind ernannt in:,- iVom tho chief ex
ecutive ol-lliis territory was in refer
eueo la tho official action of (Jen. Lano
nnd tho Military Hoard, containing the
most lalso and luminous charges. To
which ('eii. Lano responds iu the fol
low Inj; curd :
A Card.
Jmwii:no:, March lf,lfi.H.
Sinc my return Iroin u northern lour,
my attention has been called loagtiber
nalorial pronuuciamenlo, (huld by the
boys tobe No. Hull),) dated "Lccolilp-
loll. lYh, h'th," ami signed by one "J. YV.
enver, acting governor.
My President Pierce and bis myr-
inid'iiri I was denounced a- a traitor
and Indicted for hi;h treason. They
did h"t dare to test iho truth of the
( barge by an ariv.it or a trial, ami final.
ly ii'limltc'l my inuoccuce ami tlieir id-
locv iV nttusniiii nie iiHiK uncut.
Jlv Mr. Inu lianan I have Keen ciiarg'
eu ns a icon, hum --iiiuuiiw-y jeuoer oi
I .. .i ... -. H : i i .... l .... i
ft most turbulent and dangerous charac-
tor." That chargo has been answered.
One J. W. Denver now Men forward
and charges me with making "insidious
attempts to renew tho difficulties und
troubles," and with an intention or de
sign of establishing a military dictator
ship. Ity reference to the regulations
and commissions of which ho speaks, it
will bo found that "one J, 11, Unu
signed them by order of tho military
Hoard, and as president thereof. A full
vindication of tho action of that board
will bo found in its report of this date,
to which I respectfully refer tho people
of .Kansas.
As to the charge of "turbulence," I re
fer to the pcoplo of Doniphan, (leary
City, Talermo, Wathcna, Elmwood,
Whito Cloud, and St. Joseph, and Oro
gon, Mo., who havo listened to my
speeches delivered within tho past three
weeks, to all of which I urged tho cul
tivation of fraternal relations and broth
erly intercourse. It is deemed a suffi
cient answer to the chargo that 1 desire
to establish ft military dictatorship,
that upon four different occasions I have
been invested with tho chief command
of tho military forces of the people of
Kansas, and that immediately alter the
emergency ceased which called them
into tho lield,that command was voluu-
tarilj- surrendered into their hands.
Tho command I now hold was con
ferred on me by the territorial legisla
ture, without solicitation on my part,
oy a unanimous voto ot both branches.
That legislature has reserved tho power
to remove meat nnv time. Tho mo.
nient that tho dark clouds which now
obscuro our horrizon disappear, that
moment will my command besuirender
ed to tho pcopjo. The acts complained
ol in this insolent pronuiiciamcnto vrei'0
ot an omeial character, bo wigned nnd
published. Its author has chosen to
m.iko a personal matter out oi incso
olucial acts. With him rosts tho ro
sponsibility thereof.
I am wdling to submit my actiens,
past und future, to tho judgment of tho
people, confident as I am, thatthev will
never aecuso mo, as they do justly chargo
QUO J. W. Denver, with having, in vio
lation of an official oath and public du
ty, endeavored to throw obstacles in tho
way of laws deemed necessary for tho
protection of tho right? of tho cit
i.ens of Kuusas, and that they will
never say of me, as they do truthfully
ay of ono J. W. Denver, that by ft mis
erable pretext, discreditable to any man
the excuse of ft sluggard, und tho
crime of a soldier, to wit : that he slept
when on dutv. ho is cndeavorm to
prevent the settlement of tho Kansas
imbroglio by dotoating the constitution
al convent iun movement.
They will never accuse mo, I fee
sure, of harboring the rediculous opin
ions, advanced by ono J. W. Denver
that a co-ordinalo branch of a legisla
tive assembly can sleep, whilo tho oth
er is in Session, but will testify Hint 1
havo frequently stated 1 havo known
the Dresident of tho United States, the
lili'hoyt executive, otlbi-r in the, retttiblic
lo sleeplessly occupy for several sue
ce-H-dvc nights the speaker' 8 room in tin'
capitol, in order that no lawotcongres:
might he loxt to the people for the wan
of his prompt action.
One J. W. Denver, a mere executive
officer, charged with the execution o
A I.I. the laws of the this territory, has
ariM:':iiitl' usurped and rutliK sl v tram
pled under foot tho legislative depart
ment of the government of u free peo
ple, and in violation of his official oath
and duty ;--cc!;s to unite in his own pr
soii, ai.l thus C)iitil the povcr of tho
vord and purse of the people to Crush
out their libertic;. Truth, ifist'uo and
manhood reojiiro that the villain should
bo unnia.skod. I pronounce the char
ges he has preferred against me utterly
untruo and calumnious, and his acts to
ward tho peoplo of Kansas jK-rfidiom
and tyranieal, and 1 do arraign ono "J.
W. Denver" before the couutry, and do
denounce and brand him a a calumnia
tor, perjurer and tyrant.
To the people of Kursus I havo this
to say : one J. W. Denver came to Kan
sas a professed duelist his hands reek
ing with the untimely shed blood of
his fellow man having won from his
friends the subrhptet of '-btitehcr" a
tit appointee of thooligarchical admin
istration which disgraces tho nation by
its criminal clTorts to vnslavea free peo
ple ! For base political purposes ho has
sought an cxeu.se for a diliculty with
me and out of a public act, done in per
formance of my imperitivo duty, lias
fastened a personal quarrel upon me.
As a personal quarrel, it is private prop
erty. You rofiu iro rest and peace, und
I respectfully demand that thero may
bo no interference on tho part of my
Ho has assaulted me, not for individ
ual accusation, for Ihacc wt'erseen hiin
but for official action, arid as a repre
sentativo elect of that great and noblo
party whom Lo and bis masters havo
sought to enslave; ami in tho spirit of
that party, as an humb'.o member of
it, I hurl back his accusations, nnd bid
him nnd his master defiance.
J. II. La.ne.
1 io Kansas bill, in t lOiorm m which
it passed tho Senate, is as follows :
A llil.h for tho admission of tho State
of Kansas in lho Union.
Whereas, Tho peoplo of the Terr!
ritory of Kaunas did, by a convention ol
delegates called ami usscmbled at Lo
common on tho 1th day of December,
lbo7, ior that purpose formed to them
selves a constitution und State govern
ment, which said constitution is Keiuio
beau, and the auid convention having
asked tho admission of said lerritory
into tho Union us u Stato on an crpial
footing with tho original Stüdes
Ho tt enacted by the Senate ond House
of Kcprcscntiitivcs of the United States
ol America liit-ongrcsK ucmMcd, 'I hat
the State ol Kansas shall he, and is
hereby declared to bo one of the United
State of America, and admitted into
tho Union on an equal lootiu: with the
(figiiiai States, in all respect whatercr.
And the said State shall Consist of all
the territory included within tho follow-
ing boiui'laiio, lo wit: JJcgiiining at
a point on the western boundary of the
Slate of Missouri, where tho thirty-sev-enth
parallel of latitude crosses lho
name j thence west, on said parallel to
the eastern boundary of .Now .Mexico;
thence north on said boundary to lath
tudo thirty-eight; thence following
said boundary westward to fho eastern
boundary ol tho lerritory ot Utah, on
tho summit of tho llochy Mountains;
thenco northward on naid summit to the
foi 'tieth parallel of latitude: thenco east
on said parallel to tho western bounda
ry ol tho Stato ol Missouri; thenco
Hoiith with tho wcbtern boundary of
yaid Stato to tho place of beginning,
Provided, That nothimr herein eon-
taincd respecting tho boundary of said
Stato shall bo construed to impair the
ngnts oi person or property now per
taining to thö Indians in said Territory
so long as such rights shall remain un
extinguished by treaty between the
United State nnd auch Indians, or to
includo anj Territory which, by treaty
with such Indian tribe, is not, without
ono consent of said tribe, to bo inclu
ded with tho -territorial limits or juris
diction of any State or Territory; but
all euch Territory shall bo excepted out
of tho boundaries, and constitute no
part of the fctato of Kansas, until said
tribe shall signify their assent to the
1 resident of tho United States to bo in
cluded within said Stato, or to affect the
authority ot tho government ot tho
United States to mako any regulation
respecting such Indiana, their land3,
froperty, or otber rights, by treaty,
aw, or otherwise, which it would have
peen competent to mako if this act had
never passed.
Sec 2. And bo it further enacted,
That tho Stato of Kansas is admitted
into the Union upon tho express condi
tion that said Stato shall never, inter
fere with tho primary disposal of the
public lands, or with any regulations
which Congress may find necessary for
scourfng tho title in said lands to the
bonajhlc purchaser and grantees there
of or impose or levy a tax, assess
meut, or imposition ot any description
whatever, upon them or other Property
of tho United States within the limits
Of 6ftid State; and that nothing in this
act shall bo construed to abridco or m
fringe any right of tho people, asserted
ill tho Constitution of Kansas at all
times to alter, reform, or abolish their
form of government in such manner as
they may think proper Congress licro
by disclaiming any authority to inter
vene or declare, tho construction of the
Constitution of any State except to
sco that it bo republican in form, and
not in contlict with the Constitution of
tho United States; and nothing in this
act shall bo construed as an assent b'
Congress to all or to any of tho propo
sitions or claims coiitainud in tho ordi
nanco annexed to the said Constitution
of the neniiloof Kansas, uor to deprive
the Miid State of Kansas ot tho same
irrants. it hereafter made, which were
contained in tho act of Congrcs-s enti
tied "An Act to Huthorie the people o
the Territory ot Minnesota to form a
Constitution and Stato covcrument pre
purutory to admission into tho Union
on an equal tooting with tuo origna
States," approved February l5, 18.7.
See. 3. And bo it further enacted
That until tho next general censusuhal
be taken, as an apportionment of rep
rccntativc made, tlio Stato of Kansas
hall be entitled to one representative
in tho House of llcprc&entalivcs of the
United htntes.
See. 1. And bo it further enacted
That front and after tho admission o
the Slate of Kuusut, us hereinbefore
provided; all tlio laws of the Lnitet
Stales which are not locally inapplica
bio :-!iall have lho .same force and ctVcct
within that State as in other States o
the Union; ami tho .-.aid Suite is oilier
Stales of J. he Union; and the huid State
is hereby constituted a judicial district
of the United States, within which a
district court, with the li Lo powers and
jurisdiction us the district court of the
United States for tho district of Iowa,
shall bo established; tho iudge, attor
ney, and marshal of tho United States
lor tho said district ot Kansas shall re
sido within tho saino, and shall be enti
tied to tho samo compensation ns the
judge, attorney, and marshal of the
uustrictot Iowa.
Washington, March i'J Horsr Mr.
.Sherman U.) made an ineffectual of
fort to introduce a resolution, jrovidiiu
for tho appointment of a select Com
luittee, to report the best mode for tak
ing the census ol IbW.
The House then went into a Commit-
teo of tho Whole, on the lMicicnc,'
lv. Hill (da.) commenced a speech
on the Kauzas Jiill.
Uo was satisfied with tho legality of
tho Lccomplou Constitution, its frumcra
I - If I - I ll .!.. .1 ... ... !. I.
Having uiscnargeu tucir uuiy nun
ennal ability.
As n Southern man ho never expect
ed that Kansas would be a Slave State,
and therefore- ho thought that tho repeal
of tho Missouri Coinnromiso was an
wiso, and calculated to produce nerious
Mr. Keady, (Tenn.) argued in favor
of tho Constitution, ond justified the
repeal ol thu Missouri Compromise
Mr. (Joodwin (N. Y. oniosed tho Lo
comptou Constitution. It was not tho
will of tho peoplo, but wai polluted by
fraud and violence, and could not bo
umended beforo eight years without a
Mr. V.'de (Ohio) said that tho pres
ent excitement grew out of the con
Uict between the l-'i ?o and Slave Slate.
When the two are reconciled there
will be a political milleniu'1''
Mr. Taylor, (Da.) argued iO ediowfbc
nuperiority of capital over labor, con
tending that tho South is tho only por
tion of the country in w hich whito la
bor receives duo honor.
Mr. Olin (N.y.)nahl that tho Kansas
IS' ob ras It a Dill was nover designed to ro
cogni.o popular overcignty. It was
tho machinery in tho hand of corrupt
men, to control the all'alr of the Terri
tory, irrespective of the w ill ol the poo-
J I o maintained tho right of Congress
lo govern the Territorien.
Sknatk Mr. L'iUpatr h lc informed
lho Senate Ihat tho ico President has
been compelled to leave the city for the
South, ami moved lhat the Senate pro
ceed to select a President pro. telii.
A ballot WH taken, forty-one votes
being polled, only L'j wire iiccc.ary
for a choice. Mr. l'iizpatri k received
.S Mr. JYsscndcii 1- Mr. Hamlin 1.
. Me-rs. Slidell and Dixon conducted
Mr, 1'iuputrick to the chair, aller tak
ing the oath of ollice.
Tho Senate then proceeded to busi
Numerous memorial and private bills
of an unimportant character were
.... l . . j I .. f !......... i ..
ilio consideration ui tue iuiuucsoui
Hill waM then rcHitmod.
Mr. Hunter advocated the amend
ment for giving only ouo representa
'- i
Messrs. Pugh and Fitch wero in fa
vor of three, or at least two..' Tho lat
ter gentleman complimented tho law-
abiding and industrious character of
tho peoplo. - - - . ,
Mr. Collamcr was in favor, of but
one representative. ' ' '
Mr. Simmons thought that sho should
iavo two, provided the fraction "per
mitted a second.
Mr. Trumbull would ba so the popul
ation on tho census of Iowa, witli six.' "
or eigh t hundred thousand inhabitant
and ninety thousand voters, have only r
- i.A' ' '
tu icureseniauves.
Mr. IV. k argued etrontrlv for Ihre. .
Her census is impefect If Iowa is im-
pefectly represented, thero is no reason
why Minnesota should be also.
Ho wonld movo an amendment that
Minnesota bo allowed three representa
tives; that a new census bo taken and
tho proper pay bo given to the cenu '
takers to havo it correct. '
Mr. Brown. (Miss.A said that he- '
would support Mr. Willson's amend
ment, but not on party grounds. Ho
repudiated tho action of MinocsotA ,
while yet a Territory, in usurping lho '
tunctionsot a Stato and electing Con-
esstnen. .
Finally Mr. Mason's amendment of
Douglas' amendment, that Minnesota .
shall havo but ono representative in
Congress, was negatived yeaa 6, nays- -41.
Mr. Wilson's amendment Waa then
put, which gives one representative now,
a census to bo forthwith taken, addition-.
al representatives to bo allowed on th
basis Of tho census returns, and carried.
yeas 22, nays 21.
Democratic Taticui Coaaittee- ,
Washington, .March 29. The Dem
ocratic Caucus Committee met this even
ing at tho Capital. All th member
wero present except Mr. Craig, ot Mis-
louri. Thero was a fall and frco com
parison of views and interchange of
opinions, and all conducted with the
utmost harmony Several nmendmcnta
to tho Sen&to's Kansas bill wero Hug
gested and explaining, but tho Lccomp
tonitcs thought that their eubstaneo waft
already embraced in the measure. Ono
oint discussed . was the rower of th
people of Kansas to amend their Consti
tution lx;for lSti t. On this thero waa
a diversity of opinion, but thero was a
general agrecmcut tliat it would bo
amended prior to tliat time, notwith
standing, tho word tl Cbiistittl ,
Tho totumtttoo Ailxirnctl without
taking any iUctiou on tho propoftU
tion presented.
It is cotAempiuteU that an effort wilt
be made to-morrow night in caucus to
reconcile tho conflicting views.
A caucus was also held to-night irk
one of the cotniiuttco rooms of tlu) Cap
ital. Its exact character could not bo
ascertained, but one of tho anti Le
coinplon Democrats; who liadjust at
tended the conference of tlte committee
of twenty was present.
It is believed that tho caucus wa
comioed of auti-Lceotnptoti .Demo
crats, generally.
AV.vsiriNOTON-, March SfltTlio Anti
Decompton Democrats met lst night to
hear tho report of tho caucus commit
tee of ten, on their part, who had ju&t
been in consultation with tno ten Jio
comptonitcK They reported that noth
ing could bo done; no pot-positions wen
made of any Lind which could bo ac
cepted. Tho Antl-Lccomrton men
were authorized to present tlio Critten
den amendment, modified a little, as a
proposition; but it was- not aecvptcd.
Other propositions sdiaml a liko fate.
It is rcprcsvutcd that there was a good
feeling and perfect unity among tho
Anti-Decomptonites. They think Kng
liidi has been wronged by tho imputa
tions of newspapers on his good faith
in tendering the olivo branch to otheir
Democrats, and that ho will btand by
the Crittenden amendment.
Knv YottK, March. r.'X Tlio TTtuc
Wahingtou corresjndent says every
member of the caucus committco wa
present. Mr. Kivglis let oiT on th anil
hccoinpton side, but would not maLo &
formal proposition until certain conces
sions wero mado. Tho Lccomptooltc
would coiacedo nothing, and tho com
mittco adiourncd after a conferenco of
over two Lour without an agrccmcaL
lJurlingamo aud Winter Davis wiü
speak on Wednesday.
Thero wa n caucus of anti-Txcomrv-ton
Democrats to-day. They resolved
to stand firm by Mr. Crittenden.'
amcudmcnt to tho ond. All tho lto
publicans havo accepted Crittcmlcu'a
amendment. The Opposition still
counts ono hundred and twenty vote.
Official Adricci fron Caisp Scott.
WaKiUXUTOV, March 20. Col, John
son, in his latest oflkiul despatches, uayiiy
that the Moiiucu troops aro crgnrrUo-
torevi-jt tho otablii-hment of a.TerriUV
rial (JyvirniiHiit by the United States,
ami in furtherance i f tho object, haio
creeled works of defeoco in tb inoua
lain passes, and near Sail Laki city.
lie docs not bclicvo that ft Kpiritof
conciliation towords them would irr
bo properly appreciated, or rather that
It would be wroncly interpreted in trf
of tho treasonable temper and feeling;
pervading tho leadcrti, IUd ft gOOU por
tion of tho Mormons.
Ho thlnls that neither tho honor nor
dignity of the government will allow of
the -.lightest concession, They rdiouhl
Im made to submit lo the constitutional
demand of the government uncondi
tionally. An adjustment of tho exit
ing diilleulties upon any other basin
would be ini'-utory. Their threats to
opposo the march of tho troops in lho
rpring, will not havo tno Minutest ei
fert Iu delaying, and if thoy desiro to
join the iMio, he believes that it I for
the interest ol tho government lhat
they should have tho opportunity.
later from Mexico.
S'r tt Orleans, March 20.
Metamoras has been declared a frco
On tho J.nd Inst. idanrri Issued a
proclamation, demanding tho payment
of twenty-flvo per cent, of all money
duo lor church property
Tampico has not yet been attacked.
A baltlo wuh expected to talo plaeo
near San Luis l'otosi between tho adhc
rut u of (laiia aud Zuloaa.

xml | txt