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ADDRESS AND MONEY.
John Carroll, conductor, Bridgeport.
Henry C. Cogswell, Bridgeport, aged
60, employe of New York, New Haven
& Hartford railroad, member of board
William Cotter, 25, Bridgeport identi
fication not positive.
Irving Doruse, 23, Bridgeport.
Daniel Gaivin, Ansonla.
"William H. Harvey, 37, and wife,
Mrs. Arthur Holmes, Bridgeport.
Joseph Hotchktss, engineer flre de
Frank Kraft, 25, Bridgeport.
Winton Lanthear, motorman, Bridge
port Traction Company.
William McCullough, Stratford.
Patrick McDermott. 55, Bridgeport.
Mrs. MCDonald, Bridgeport.
Thomas McNally. 30, Bridgeport
identification not positive.
William Osborne, Stratford.
Alfred Pitt, 22, Bridgeport.
Peter Ring, 28, Bridgeport.
Mrs. J. H. Rugg, Stratford.
Bessie Toomey, 22, Bridgeport.
Orlando B. Wells, aged 63, shoemaker.
The injured are
Margaret Brennan, scalp wound.
Margaret Farreil, right leg amputat
ed above knee will probably die.
George Hamilton, scalp wound, injury
Mrs. Sidney A. Hitt, Bridgeport right
Fred Hillercus. scalp wound, bruised
about the body.
Arthur Ho!me9, Bridgeport contusion
about the body, left leg crushed.
Matthew Olvin. scalp wound, cut and
Only two persons are known to have
escaped unharmed. It is believed that
there were forty-three passengers on
the car, but the indicator was removed
by a conductor of another car and car
Tied away, so that at present it is im
possible to state accurately the number
When the car struck, the four-ton
motor and the heavy trucks crushed In
to It, instantly killing many of the pas
Three physicians, who were passen
gers on a car a short distance behind,
gave all possible assistance to the in
Word was sent to Bridgeport and
three ambulances and a police wagon
were sent and the Injured were taken
to Bridgeport general hospital.
A morgue was Improvised in the main
room of the town hall at Stratford and
in a short time twenty-three bodies
were awaiting Identification.
The accident was witnessed by Miss
Frances Peck, who resides about 400
feet from the bridge. She says the car
was running at an unusually fast rate.
Frank Cramer, who was batntng near
the bridge, says that the passeners were
ail singing and In the most joyful mood
as they passed him.
The road, which is practically con
trolled by the Bridgeport Traction Com
pany, was opened for traffic last Thurs
The disaster was caused by a car on
th«f Shelton extension trolley road, run
ning between Shelton and Bridgeport,
dashing off a trestle at the Oronoque
bridge while running at high speed. It
turned completely -over In its descent,
and was dashed Into hundreds of
The scene of the disaster la lo
rod QUICK A)WUmiTI
HARVEST OF DEATH
Particulars of the Terrible Accidents In
Maine and Connecticut.
TWENTY-SIX PEOPLE ARE KILLED AT BRIDGEPORT
Crowded Trolley Car Leaps From a Bridge and Falls
TWO HUNDRED PEOPLE DROPPED INTO THE D&EP WATER.
Breaking of a Ferry Slip Cause of tbe Disaster—Twenty of the Number
Meet Watery Graves—Were Sunday Excursionists on Their
Y- V. Way to Witness Maneuvers of tbe Atlantio
ix Squadron at Bar Harbor.
Bridgeport, Conn.. Aug. 7.—A trolley
car, mashed almost to kindling wood,
lying In the middle of Peck's millpond
at Oronoque, Is the only visible indica
tion of the frightful accident of yester
day afternoon, when twenty-nine lives
were lost and a dozen people seriously
Injured from a car tumbling off the
trestle which crosses the pond at a
height of fifty feet. The coroner has
not yet begun an Investigation into the
cause of the accident, but it is expected
lie will begin this afternoon.
Engineer Starr, who built the trestle,
eays the structure is perfectly safe. He
expresses a belief that the motorman
became rattled when the car gained mo
mentum going down the incline and
turned the current on full head, instead
of decreasing it.
Tbe Earlier Dispatches.
Bridgeport, Conn., Aug. 7.—Thirty
six persons were killed by an accident
on the Stratford extension of the Shel
ton Street Railway Company at 4
o'clock Sunday afternoon, when a load
ed trolley car went off the trestle over
Peck's millpond at Oronoque, about six
miles north of Bridgeport, and sank in
the* flats forty feet below.
Thus far thirty-six people are known
to be dead and several more injured.
PERSON'S DEAD OK INJURED.
'The identified dead are:
S. Banks, Shelton.
Mrs. Frank Blew and two children,
boy aged 3 and girt aged 5, Stratford.
Ellas E. Bradley and wife, selectman,
Mrs. Patrick Brennan, 50, Bridgeport.
cally known as Peck's pond, over which
the trestle was erected.
The extension lino was built by the
Bridgeport Traction Company. It was
opened to traffic only last Thuroday. In
the light of Sunday'9 awful experience
it would seem that it was opened before
it was ready for traffic. Indeed, no one
will be surprised if the coroner's in
quest shows that It should, never har«e
On its way to Shelton's this new line
runs over a three-pier bridge across
Peck's pond. The bridge is a new piece
of work, built by the Berlin Iron Bridge
Company, but the tracking work I un
derstood to have been put down by the
railroad company. It had no guard
rails on the side and the only thing to
check a car in case of derailment was a
wooden beam on either side parallel
with the tracks. This flimsy affair was
all too powerless to check derailment,
as the ghastly work of Sunday showed.
Peck's pond is a half-dried marsh. It
was formerly a small lake that had
been drained. The bottom now con
sists of mud and half-hardened soil, and
the bed of the lake lies fifty feet below
the rails. The depth of the car's fall, as
stated, measures this space.
The Indicator of the car when it
passed through Stratford, half way be
tween Bridgeport and Peck's pond,
showed that forty-seven fares of Sun
day excursionists had been rung up,
but there were eight fewer than that
many passengers on the car at the time
of the accident.
The passengers were a joyful Sunday
party of men, women and children.
Some of them were prominent citizens
of Bridgeport. All were respectable and
The car ran onto the bridge at high
speed down a slight declivity. The rails
on the land where they were supposed
to Join to the bridge were insecure. This
gave the car a violent bounding mo
tion, It was a four-wheeled car, and
the up and down motion was so violent
that women and children yere heard to
scream by persons living near before
the car had actually left the rails.
The derailment occurred when the car
was thirty feet from the land. The
jump of the car was to the right. It
ran over the ties with violent bumping
for thirty feet more, while the passen
gers screamed In terror. Some of them
jumped to the left side of the bridge.
A few. Including Carroll, the conductor,
jumped to the right Just before the car
plunged to the bottom of the dried-up
The passengers, like rats in a trap,
could make no move. As the car
plunged down the motorman stood at
his post. The shrieks of the passen
gers dashing downward to sudden death
will never leave the minds of those who
As the car plunged It turned, and
when it reached the bottom it was up
side down. The top, the flimsiest part
the heavy vehicle, struck first and
struck with a crash that could be heard
for a long distance.
When the car fell thus, bottom up
ward. the heavy trucks crashed down
through the floor upon the imprisoned
po'sengers. Had the fall of fifty feel
not been sufficient to kill, the trucks,
weighing several tons, were enough to
more than complete the work.
There were only a few moans from
passengers. Few were left to moan.
Women were found dead, clasping their
children to their bosoms, and men were
dug out, huddled and driven into the
mud up to their arms.
The work of rescue of the injured and
recovery of the dead was not prompt in
beginning, owing to the difficulties pre
sented by the character of the ground.
The rescuers had to go down a steep
bank and pass on planks to where the
wrecked car lay half buried.
The living were first removed. In all
nearly twenty were still alive when
taken from beneath the car. Some of
these afterward died. Those not dead
were taken to the main hospital at
The bodies of the killed were for the
moBt part taken to the town hall of
Stratford. There they were laid out in
three rows on piles of hay .and straw
to await identification. In'many in
stances they had been terribly maimed.
Some had an expression on their faces
as if they had fallen asleep. A steady
stream of persons passea through the
building to seek to identify the victims.
All but three had been identified by
TWENTY PERSONS DROWNED.
Breaking of a Ferry Slip Precipi
tates Hundreds into tbe Seep
Bar Harbor, Maine, Aug. 7.—A careful
examination by divers and others In the
vicinity of Mt. Desert ferry slip, the
scene of yesterday's terrible accident,
seems to indicate that the twenty vic
tims reported in previous dispatches are
all who perished. Of the number hurt,
one may die of injuries and two are
Buffering pneumonia from exposure.
The following is a complete list of the
dead, with two exceptions. These two
Tbe Identified dead are:
G. H. Bennett, of Brewer. v3"
Mrs. G. H. Bennett, of Brewer.
Mrs. A. H. Billlns, Bangor.
Irving Bridges, West Hancock.
Albert Colson, Levant..
Clifford CuBhman, Corinth.
Mrs. George Derwent, Bangor.
Charles W. Downs, Elsworth.
Mrs. Hollis W. Estey, Ellsworth.
Ora N. Lank, of Danforth.
Melvin MeCard, Corinth.
Joseph Murphy, Old Town.
Mrs. William Murray, Brewer.
Mrs. Alonzo P. Oakes, Bangor.
Miss Grace Sumner, Bangor.
Mrs. Charles Stover, Ellsworth. pi
F. E. Sweetzer, traveling salep"*1'^
Miss Lizzie Ward, Bangor.
Bar Harbor, Me., Aug. 7.—Twenty
persons were killed andi forty were
more or less severely injured as the re
sult of the breaking down of a ferry
slip at Mount Desert Ferry village Sun
day. The list of fatalities may be
greatly Increased, as many persons are
missing and it is feared that a number
of bodies are still at the bottom of
The Maine Central railroad had run
a big excursion from all points in
Maine Sunday on account of the pres
ence here of the warships. One train
load consisting of about 1,300 people had
Just arrived at Mount Desert Ferry and
a rush was made for the steamer Sap
pho, which was to bring the people to
this village from the mainland. The
slip broke down under the mass of hu
manity and In an instant 200 people
were struggling helplessly in the water.
Twenty bodtes had been recovered by
evening and all have been identified.
The forty Injured are under skilled
medical care at the Hotel Bluffs. Of
these only cne, George S. Southard, of
Bangor, is thought to be fatally injured
from blows received in the mad strug
gle for life beneath the waters.
Bar Harbor is reached by tratn by a
branch of the Maine Central, running
from Bangor. At Mount Desert Ferry
is the terminus of the railroad, and
there steamers are taken for this city,
eight miles across Frenchman's bay.
The first excursion train yesterday
from Portland, Bangor and stations
along the main line reached the ferry
at 10:20 o'clock in the morning. Jupt
before the train arrived at the ferry the
excursionists learned that only about
a third could be accommodated on the
Sappho, and that the rest would have
to wait for later trips of the boat. Con
sequently, when the train came to the
ferry wharf there was a wild rush to
The people in front Jumped up over
the sides of the Sappho and clambered
on to the lower decks. A living, seeth
ing mass of 800 or 1,000 people was soon
struggling and pushing to get aboard.
The trainmen were powerless to stem
the mad race.
The entrance to the "boat was by a
narrow slip about thirty feet long and
ten feet wide It was supported at one
end by hinges and at the other by pul
ley chains. The tide was high and there
was the greatest possible strain on the
timbers of the slip.
About 20 persons had passed over the
slip when, with a crash, it broke exact
ly in the middle, letting both ends
down into the water and 200 people
with it. The pier is built in such a
manner that when the slip broke the
200 people were boxed in a space ten
feet wide by twenty feet long. There
was no escape either by the side or at
the ends, unless one had presence of
mind enough to dive down several feet
under the wooden partition.
The struggling, screaming, fighting
mass presented a horrible picture.
When the slip broke those wno were
half way across fel* into fne water
first. The others, all that were on the
slip, slid in on top of them as the bro
ken ends of the slip swung away. It is
thought that the twenty or more
drowned are those who were precipitat
ed into the water first.
The slip broke with a noise like a
boiler explosion, and nearly every one's
first though was that the boiler of the
steamer had blown up and the boat
hands rushed in that direction. In a
second, however, a horror-stricken
shout went up as the Immensity of the
disaster was partly realized.
Those who were behind the unfortu
nates became panic-stricken as they
saw the victims "struggling in the water.
Strong men lost their presence of mind,
as well as women. All fought like de
mons to get away from the danger,
but the crowd kept pushing toward the
slip for several seconds after the acci
dent occurred, until fifty more people
had been pushed down into the water.
There were some, however, who did
not lose their wits, and chief among
these were the trainment and boat
hands. They at once jumped to the
rescue of the drowning people and per
formed many heroic deeds in saving
life. More than 150 people were pulled
out of the water by the employees of
the railroad in a very short time.
Captain Diekson, commander of the
Sappho Fred Sanborn of Portland, con
ductor in charge of the excursion train,
and E. T. Greenough of Portland, a
clerk in the freight office of the Maine
Central, showed themselves to be as
great heroes as any men on board the
war ships, whom the ill-fated excur
sionists were on their way to admire
Young Greenough was thrown into
the water with the excursionists, and
aided greatly in the work of rescue. He
refused to leave the water until every
one else who was alive had been taken
out, and, moreover, he saved several
persons by holding them from sinking
until a rope or board could be reached
to them. When he was taken from the
water a mighty cheer went up for the
The work of Captain Dickson and
Conductor Sanborn in securing a ladder,
holding it down into the hole and res
cuing person after person was almost
equally meritorious. Sixty people were
saved by this ladder. Some, too weak
to climb up, were pulled up by those
who reached down for them.
Uurrlcanc In Progress.
St. Thomas, D. W. I., Aug. 7.—There
are indications' of a hurricane over the
area of Martinique northward. It is
feared It may strike some Island, prob
ably Guadeloupe, f,
MABSHALLTOWN. IOWA* MOXBAY, AUGUST 7, 1899
Judge Kinne and Superintendent
Uses Report Result of Invest!*
gation In the East
What Other States Have Found
Profitable In Employment of
Industries That Are Successful In
Penal and Charitable Institu
Special to Times-Republican,
Des Moines, Aug. 7.—Judge L. G.
Kinne and Superintendent M. F. Gass,
of the Soldiers' Orphans' Home at
Davenport, have filed with the board of
control the result of their investiga
tions as to the employment of institu
tion labor In state institutions through
out the east. Acting for the board these
two have visited the state institutions
in many other states andi have con
ducted a careful investigation of the in
dustries connected with these institu
tions with a view to adopting similar
methods of employment in the Iowa in
In all, forty-seven institutions were
visited. In addition to this number ex
haustive reports have been received
from 150 others located in all parts of
the United States. These deal not oniy
with the industries employed, but also
give full reports upon the methods of
doing business, the management, build
ings, accommodations and the support
of the institutions in other states. Ail
of these reports have been filed with the
board, together with the reeonunenda
tions and suggestions for the Iowa in
It is found by the committee that
nearly all state institutions have con
nected with them certain industries.
Nearly all make and repair the cloth
ing worn by the inmates. Many make
boots and shoes, not only for home use,
but for sister institutions. The investi
gation shows that in the maintenance
of these industries the contract plan,
the piece price plan and the state ac
count plan are followed. The commit
tee decides upon the excellence of each
in the order named above. It is sug
gested, however, that the state account
plan be inaugurated in the making of
supplies for other institutions.
Judge Kinne has prepared an ex
haustive table which sets forth the fact
concerning the industries operated at
the different institutions. This includes
figures on the number of inmates at
each institution, reports on industries in
operation, the date of their establish
ment, power employed, cost of plant,
cost of operating, number of salaried
employes, not inmates, and the average
wages paid, number of hours' work
each day, amount and value of stock,
how sales are made, whether there is a
demand for the products and how the
products compare with similar work
outside, whether the inmates readily
learn the work and whether they waste
much material, whether there is much
trouble on account of the opposition of
labor unions because of competition,
and points in favor of and against the
particular industry as set forth by the
superintendents from their experience.
In the report the following industries
are suggested as adaptable to the Iowa
Basket Making—Can be carried on
profitably at insane hospitals requires
Bolt Works—Earns in Ohio peniten
tiary 58 3-10 cents per man profitable
on contract or piece price plan.
Boot and Shoe Manufacturing—Can
not be recommended on account of ex
pensiveness of plant, 'large investment
in stock and small profits.
Box Making—Easily and Inexpensive
ly Installed, good as an industry on
state account in insane hospitals and
Institutions for feeble mlncf&d.
Broom Making—Adapted for the
blind Knoxviile could make brooms for
all other institutions law should be
changed to permit dire.ct sales to gther
institutions at prices fixed by' the
board of control.
Brick, Making—Prosecuted now at
Glenwood should be installed at in
sane hospitals, penitentiaries and In
dustrial school at Eldora a million
brick can be made at each place annu
ally local use and arrangement would
dispose of the product at a reasonable
profit at the Craig epileptic colony.
New York, brick are made for $2.50 and
sold at $6.50.
Caning Chairs—Good for Vinton.
Glenwood and Eldora great demand
for this class of labor desirable indus
try on piece price plan requires prac
tically no capital good for insane hos
Chair Making—Already at Fort Madi
son on contract plan proper only for
penitentiaries would not recommend it
on state account.
Glove Making—Good industry on con
tract plan for the weak and invalid.
Grantte Cutting, Lettering, Etc.—Ap
propriate only for penitentiaries only
good on piece price plan.
Harness Making—Good for insane
hospitals large capital not required.
Hollow Ware Manufacturing—Good
for penitentiaries on contract or piece
Printing and Binding—Best developed
at the state hospital at Utica, N. Y.
wise to establish plants not to involve
more than $2,000 at Mount Pleasant,
Glenwood, Davenport and Marshall
town, but only one costly plant at one
place in the state, so equipped as to do
fine printing for the board of control
and state institutions.
Knitting Stockings—Good for Mltch
ellville and Eldora, even if only to sup
ply other institutions.
Manufacture of Clothing—In the Mas
sachusetts prison all clothing- for other
institutions is made, and at New York
prisons also all clothing for the in
mates of Iowa Institutions should be
made by institution labor the boys' in
dustrial schools and penitentiaries
should make all clothing for males at
all institutions except Davenport.
(Continued or^ W|tath Page.)
J*lj§ 'V /w r, 4
For Iowa—Showers and thundery
storms tonight and Tuesday warmer ir
the east and center tonight southerly
For Illinois—Fair in the northeast
showers and thunderstorms in the
southwest tonight warmer in the
TELEGRAPH AND GENERAL:
Trial of Dreyfus Begun.
Many Excursionists Drowned.
Terrible Accident on a Trolley L
Labor for State's Wards.
Bashor's Boom for Governor.
IOWA AND GENERAL:
Another Sensation in Paris.
English and Continental Politics.
Bryan Anxious About Nebraska.
Praise for Nebraska Troops.
Shaw Rebukes a Labor Agitator.
Fatal Accident at Springvllle.
Man Killed by Cars at Madrid.
Short Iowa Specials.
PAGES FOUK AND FIVE.
Issue of Gold Certificates.
Eastern Care of Insane Paupers.
Topics of the Times.
Iowa Items and Newspapers.
J'AUKS SIX AMU JsKVE.V,
Commandant Horton's Annual lie
Barnes Is Still in Jail.
Board of Control and Convict Labor.
Brief City News.
IOWA AND GENERAL NEWS:
Monday's Markets By Wire.
The Navy at Manila.
AMERICAN IN TROUBLE.
United. States Sailor Does a Triple
Murder at Yokahouia.
San Francisco, Aug. 7.—News by
steamer from Yokohama says that on
the morning of July 1" an American
sailor named Miller killed R. Nelson
Ward, son of a wealthy resident of
Abingdon, Va., and two Japanese wom
en. The cause of the triple murder was
jealousy. The murderer cut off Ward's
head, ears, one hand and arm. The
bodies of the women were also horribly
mutilated. The murder was done in a
saloon owned by one of the women.
Miller is suposed to hail from Buffalo.
He will be tried by Japanese law under
the new treaty.
THE STRIKING PRINTERS.
E(Torts of tlie New York Sun to Im-
CUT IN~TWO BY THE CARS
Unknown Man Killed at Madrid
While Attempting to Steal Hide.
Special to Times-Republican.
Boone, Aug. 7.—Last night when the
11 o'clock east-bound C., M. &• St. P.
train was at Madrid, a man attempted
to board the train for the purpose of ...
stealing a ride, when the train started
and he fell between the cars and was
cut in two. The man was unknown. A
bottle of medicine bearing a Coon Rap
ids label was found upon the body. It
is supposed deceased was a laborer em
ployed at Coon Rapids or vicinity. He
weighed about 175 pounds, had light
brown hair and a light mustache. Ef
forts are being made at Madrid to dis
cover the man's name and his rela
Commerce Commission Meets:
Chicago, Aug. 7.—The interstate
commerce commission met here today
and considered evidence that it has
been taking for some time for various
points on the question of discrimination
in western grain rates by railroads. It
is not thought that the commission will
agree on a report on the whole subject
at this meeting.
Colored People Meet,
Chicago, Aug. 7.—The International
Industrial Association and Blue Cross
Society of the United States, both or
ganizations of colored people, are In
joint session here to take measures
toward the suppression of lawlessness1
and lynching and torturing of colored
live the army," and "king live Mercier."
No demonstration greeted Col. Pic
quart, who appeared in a cheerful
mood, smiling and •chatting with
The court adjourned after deciding to
sit behind closed doors tomorrow and as
long thereafter as necessary for exam
ination of the secret dossier. The next
ses sl0n wU1
Colored Masons in Session.
Cleveland, Aug. 7.—The annual
sion of the united supreme council of DreVfus repeatedly and with the most
colored thirty-third degree Masons of
the United States opened today. Dele
gates are present from nearly all the
states of the union.
Murder and Suicide.
Colorado Springs, Aug. 7.—William
Borden shot and fatally wounded Miss
Mabel McKenna because she refused to
marry him, and then killed himself.
Kills Wlloand Self.
Oil City, Pa., Aug. 7.—Salvador
Praisers. an Italian, shot and killed his
wife and then probably futally wounded
himself. Cause unknown.
Koport Is Denied.
Berlin. Aug. 7.—A Toklo dispatch
says: There is no truth in the report
that the Japanese flag was hoisted over
the Wake islands.
One New Case of 1'cver.
Newport News, Va., Aug. 7.—One new
case of fever at the Soldiers' Home,
Hampton, today. No deaths.
Dewey to Leave Naples Saturday.
Naples, Aug. 7.—Dewey will sail for
Legorn Saturday or Monday and pro
ceed thence to Genoa or Nice.
Mining Men Quit.
Moweaqua, III., Aug. 7.—The mining
machine runners struck today.
The scene at the opening of the court
was very animated. Every inch of
space was filled with members of the
court, counsel for and against tbe pris
oner and their assistants, witnesses,
journalists and privileged members of
the public, with a sprinkling of the mis
cellaneous public at the back, and a
strong military guard. The soldiers
presented arms as the court, beaded by
Col. Jouausc, president of the court, and
•six artillery officers entered and took
seats on the stage.
Then amid a flutter and craning of
necks the famous prisoner was brought
in. His features were deathly pale and
his teeth were set with a determined
but not defiant bearing. He took a seat
in front of the judges, after having
given the court the military salute.
With a gendarme behind him with
sheathed sword he sat regarding the
The proceedings occupied a couple of
hours. Jouaust questioned the prisoner
severely and at length as to his con
nection with the famous bordereau.
vehement emotion declared his inno
cence of the charge that he had given
any representative of a foreign govern-
Knco Riot In south Carolina. ment information which would have
Greenville. S. C., Aug. 7.—A race riot been of advantage to it in making war
occurred at Poe Cotton mills, near here,
last night, in which one white man and
five negroes were wounded. All is quiet
on France. Jouast's examination was
more in the nature of that of a prose
cuting counsel than of a judge. He
made gestures of impatience at some of
the denials given by the prisoner to
The examination also went minutely
into the sources of information accessi
ble. to Dreyfus while a member of the
general staff. To most of the sugges
tions as to information he might have
secured thus Dreyfus made emphatic
denial, and pointed out as to others
that what information he had was so
Incomplete as to be of no use to a for
His goings and comings for some
years were also inquired Into and he
was asked to explain why he went to
various places, including Alsace. He
declared all these movements were en
tirely free from any criminal intent. He
confessed he had relations with a cer
tain Austrian woman, but denied he
ever gambled in her house. He also de
nied with great emphasis that he ever
confessed to Col. DuPatjr De Clam. Tbe
BOITION, 8 O'CLOCK
/v«Mf\4 date in the Dally T.-
|eginning of the End of the Great French
Tragedy at Hand.
FAMOUS PRISONER APPEARS BEFORE THE COURT
Greatest Trial of the Century Begun at Rennes—Dreyfus
Declares His Innocence.
UNUSUAL PRECAUTIONS FOR PEACE AND PUBLIC SAFETY
Troops Placed Before the Lycee and on the Streets— President of thft
Court Questions the Prisoner, Who, With Emotion Maintains
His Innocence—The Dossier to Be Examined In
court martial opened at 7 o'clock this
morning. Dreyfus entered with a firm
step, though he was pallid. He answered
the formal questions of the judge as to
his name, age, etc., in a clear and de
Rennes, France, Aug. 7.—The Dreyfus scene at this point was most dramatic.
Dreyfus raised his white gloved hand
aloft, as if appealing to heaven to vin
dicate him, and cried in a piercing
voice: "It Is iniquitous to condemn an
innocent man. I never .confessed any
A strong detachment of gendarmes,
mounted and afoot, was posted inside
the streets around the lycee building in
which the trial is to be held, at six,
though the crowd at that time num
bered not more than fifty, most of
whom were journalists. The neighbor
hood bore an air of perfect tranquility.
A quarter of an hour later the prefect
of police ordered avenue De La Gare
and all by-streets leading to it closed,
and the space in front of the lycee
cleared of all spectators. At the same
time a detachment of infantry was
drawn up in two double lines across the
avenue from the military prison to the
The crowd by this time had increased
to several hundred, but were kept back
a distance, of 150 yards on either side of
this passage. Dreyfus emerged from
the military prison under a guard of
port Printers Fail*. tered the lvcee.
New York, Aug. 7.—Over 100 non- The principal personages in the trial
union printers arrhed this morning arrived between 6:30 and 7 o'clock. The
from Philadelphia to take the places of
the striking printers on the Sun. The!generals
strikers had an emissary with them on I from the spectators, Mercier alone be
the way and a commitee met them on ing greeted with a few cries of "long
arrival, with the result that all except
nine refused to go to work, and of thes
Ave soon quit.
gendarmes, crossed quickly and en-
passed WIth hard,y a cheer
——.— other upm and tn
vinoe yourselves which paper publishes
THE NEWS FIRST.
Then order the T.-R. (or quickest news.
Thrcc Month*, bv Mail *1.29.
At the conclusion of the examination
the court, by a vote of five to two, de
cided to sit behind closed doors.
In Dreyfus' Interest.
New York, Aug. 7.—The Paris corre
spondent of the Tribune discussing the
questions on which the Dreyfus court
martial, which begins today, will binge,
"One of the consequences of the Judg-'
ment delivered by the court of cassa
tion June 3 has been to shift the bur
den of proof from the prisoner to the
prosecution. At the court-martiaj of
1894 it was incumbent upon Capt.
Dreyfus to prove that he was Innocent
of the charges brought against him.
This was in accordance with French
law, which places the burden of proof
upon the aceused. But at the Rennes
court-martial Capt. Dreyfus will ap
pear as an officer who has been illegally
condemned, and will not be obligisd. to
prove his innocence. It will be for the
prosecution to prove that be is guilty.
The issue relegated by the court of
.cassation to the Rennes court-martial
for trial is narrowed down to the sin
gle question whether or not Capt
Dreyfus communicated to a foreign
power the precise documents enumerat
ed in the bordereau. The bordereau is
the memorandum, without date or sig
nature. written on very peculiar water
marked tissue paper, which, upon the
evidence of the late Col. Henry, the
forger, was discovered torn in slipB In
the waste-basket of Coi. von Schwarta
koppen. then military attache at tbe
German embassy in Paris, and, after
being put together by Col. Henry,
formed the basis of the original charges
against Capt. Dreyfus. There is noth
ing in the bordereau to show that»Capt
Dreyfus had been following treasona
ble practices, or to connect him in-anr
manner with it. beyond an alleged sinv
ilaritv between the handwriting o'
Dreyfus and that of the author of the
borderau. The court of cassa-tion hae
decided that the bordereau wn« wrixteja
by Esterhazy and not by Dreyfus.
•'The court or cassation has already
passed judgment upon all the other evi
dence adduced asainst Dreyfus in 1894,
including the confession of guilt falsely
alleged to have be* made by Dreytus
In Juruary, ISa.S. to Capt. Lebrun
llenaud and to Sergt. Depert, as well as
the famous secret dossier, with its for
geries and criminally manipulated doc
uments. AH that is legally left stand
ing after the elimtnation by the court of
cassation of the irregularities that
vitiated the conviction of
bordereau, which the court of cassation,
on June declared was not written by
Drej-fus, The functions of the Rennes
court martial are now limited to hear
ing evidence and deciding upon the sub
ject of the alleged communication by
Capt. Dreyfus to a foreign power-oft the'
documents enumerated in the bor
dereau, now known to have been writ
ten by Estcrhazy. as he himself has
confessed. Dreyfus was unacquainted
with Esterhazy when the bordereau was
written and it may be safe to predict
that it will be practically Impossible for
the prosecution to prove at Rennes that
Capt. Dreyfus handed, over to a for
eign power the documents in question.
tbe report of President Ballot
Benupre, the conclusion* of which were':',
adopted by the court of cassattorv-,a«
portion of the record of the court mar
tial of 1S04 is cited, from which it ap
pears that on Nov. 27, 1834, Com
mandant d'Ormeschville (the officer
who framed the indictment upon which
Dreyfus was convicted) showed Drey
fus the original of the bordereau. Drey
fus resolutely denied ever having seen*
the document before, and explained in
detail why it was materially impossi
ble that he could have written it.
"If the prosecution succeeds in prov
ing that Captain Dreyfus handed over
to a foreign power any one of the live
documents mentioned in the bordereau.
Captain Dreyfus must be condemned as
a traitor and transported back again
to Devil's Island. If, on the contrary,
and this seems now almost a certainty,
the prosecution fails to establish that
Captain Dreyfus delivered any of the
five documents to a foreign power, he
must be acquitted.
"General de Gallifet, minister of war,
has issued instructions to Major Car
rlere, government commissary at the
Hennes court-martial, to insure that
the court-martial shall not invalidate
its own future decisions by deciding
upon matters not involved in the im
mediate issue. These Instructions sim
ply pin the court-martial down to the
bordereau, and at the same time leave
the prosecution the utmost freedom as
to the methods they may see lit tm aee
in order to prove their cm."
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