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?!fv" ttis'.r ".''ftp. Anally & mi (5i 1 W »5S Is, "fr .' 'V-ii 4 te$4lqitUiUcan. Published Dally By The TIMES-REPUBLICAN PRINTING CO. TERMS: On# year by mall $5.00 By the month by mall Delivered by Rural route secured BC^7 "why &»_.... Vir, W" hi raise the Question fk JOHN MITCHELL AND A FUND. The proposition of a per capita tax on all members of the United Mine Workers to raise a fund of from $150, 000 to $500,000 l!or m*, **«,• «»?**vr #r^ 5 carrier by thG month. .50 editlon-per year 4.00 _——. Sintered at the poetofi'lce at .Marshall- town as second class mail matter. EASTERN OFFICE R. J. Shannon, Manager, Brunswick ttulldlng, New Tork, N. Y. THE VAOANCY 18 CERTAIN. It was no easy task to get It but by persistent questioning the T.-R. has an annwer to its query of a vacancy in the senate during Oarst's probable administration 'as governor?" The Stottx City Journal took the bypath and slipped around It, but the Cedar ttaplds Republican, less shifty, even if more blind, answers direct It says: ••One man, who thinks as the Mar shalltown paper does, politically, stated the exact truth recently when he said that even if Cummins did not beat Allison at the primaries, of which he admitted he was greatly In doubt, Cummins would get to the senate in uny event. He said tha*t the chances were that Senator Allison might die, sometime during the four years that they hoped to have Garst In the gov ernor's chair—and then, why, Oarst would appoint Cummins the day after the funeral. Her boasted of that, and If the Marshalltown paper did not be lieve the same way, that Is that Garst would do that very thing, it would not support Garst for a min ute. It Isn't necessary for Garst to say what he will do, they know what lie will do." Exactly. The chances are that there will be a vacancy during the four vears. We are glad the Republican has admitted it. Now, will the Re publican tell us what wisdom there can be In re-electing to the United States senate a sick and decrepit old man, whom everybody believes must sirccumb during the next four years? IS our public service of so little ac count that we,do not need men of vigor and strength to do arduous wotki In the United States senate? Is If charitable or humane to keep an old man in the senate after he Is 80 years old and carry him into committee meetings on a cot when his vote is badly needed? The Republican has admitted the main contention that the vacancy is bound to occur, will it now answer the question: "Why not elect a live man to the senate now, and take it entirely out of the hands of the next governor?" The Sioux City Jour nal can answer to this too, if it cares to. but no direct facing of an issue can be expected, from the Journal. _____1———— |v John .Mitchell, is a manifestation of two prevailing ideas: that men can be paid for keeping hon est and thjit a half million or there about is" only what a man needs to keep him and his family as they ought toi live. It is also an expression of confidence in Mitchell. It is a peculiar phase of human na ture thp.t were Mitchell to take ad vantage of the offer to make him rich this confidence would fade. When the tax had been collected and the money paid lover, Mitchell would have de scended from his pedestal never to get up again. Mr. Mitchell is too big, too earnest and altogether too great an Individual to permit himself to be pauperized into a half millionaire. Most people who know much of him admire and tfust him. The secret of his power and the source of the popular confidence be stowed upon him is his unselfishness. He .hasn't been working for money but tot men, not for wealth but for an Idea. Public men who are worthy of confidence rarely grow rich. They haven't time. They can't afford to be wealthy. At any rate why should men, most of whom live in houses that rent for $4 to $10 a month, be panhandled to create a $500,000 fortune for a single individual? Why should $150,(100 be the sum suggested as the least neces sary to provide a decent living? The sums named are evidence of the new idea that a thousand a month is com parative poverty and that Teal, living consists of .'iAvish display in new auto mobiles or actresses. PROUT'fS REPLY TO OOLLIVER. At Council Bluffs Senator Dolllver enumerated the crowning achieve ments of Allison's constructive states manship as six in number, the first of which was his revision of the internal revenue laws, to which Judge Prouty replied: "As to the revision of the internal revenue laws made under the direction of Senator Allison, he points out as the crowning achievement of his la bors that the tax (had 8&2I been reduced from $2.00 per gallon on distilled liquors to 75 cents per gallon, and that in the last year of the operation under the old law the government had collected revenue on about 14,000,000 gallons, and that under the new law, uie first year, revenue was collected on 000,000 gallons. I see in thii declaration nothing of which republi cans should be especially proud. This is but an amplification of the old dem crattc theory th?t' a reduction In the tariff increases bst": production and consumption. But whrun' it is a wise or an unwise policy that to the Increased production and consumption •of liquor in this country might a question upon wlilch good republiv.'ns could easily disagree." ,, ft Kmm Topics of the Tines The gentlemen tho. Sioux iMty River Improvement congress all fav ored improvement tf Inland waterways but let us hope that they will never open the public treasury to make a navigable stream of tlie Dos Moines river. Why shouldn't the new primary Uuw cequire careful study? It took us 100 years to perfect our general election laws and now we are trying to bring our nominating machinery up from utter chaos to the election progress of a century all* at one stroke. When the Iowa delegation is turned over to Shaw instead of Taft what are Iafe and Perkins and Cole going to do to square themselves? The newspapers which have been hounding Oovernor Cummins With per sonal attacks dally for eight years will now get hysterical at the viclousness of a factionalism that will dare criti cise Allison's record. Secretary Shaw 'evidently believes that the place to campaign for Iowa's delegation is among the lowans at Washington. These are the gentlemen who have always delivered it 'hereto fore. On great moral Issues President Roosevelt !s unerring in judgment, but on a business issue a jnan like Shaw could discount him. For this reason the president's support of the Aldrich bond-secured currency should not be given undue Importance. It is likely that he would support an asset currency Just as quick if able men from the senate should give it their recommendation. The democrats' attack upon Corfel you for what he did tf) allay the panic are just about as ridiculous as Liafe Young's plaint that the state of Iowa Is bankrupt because a Cummins leg islature appropriated close up to the state's income. What does the state collect money for If not to spend It for the public good? Nobody wants his stats,government hoarding. And still the cattle are grazing irt the pastures. What matters it if corn does stay above the r0 cent mark? Those petitions that candidates cir culate are merely a form required h.v law. To attempt to get a petition of huge dimensions for its political effect will prove a frost. However "the Des Moines plan" has some advantages over the Sioux 'ity and Council Bluffs way. The congressional nomination in the Fifth district is asking "Now will you be Gopd ?". Despite laws forbidding Intermar riage, Professor Giddings says the full blooded negro is fast disappearing by amalgamation. There is no question of social equality In vice. 'The statement that a Russian named Jovanovitch owns 35,000 dogs, gives some idea of tlie severity of a Rus sian winter and the depths of poverty to which a man may junk In Russia. If congress should conclude to spend that 40 millions needed to "make the Missouri river equal to 600 railroads," some people along its •banks will begin to see what they lost when the corporations quit poli tics. iOWA OPINIONS AND NOTES. •"To our befogged mind," explains the Chelsea Independent, "while we know the principle is right, the primary law seems cumbrous and unwieldy and filled with unnecessary verbiage. The work of men trained in the law in variably Is too full of language. A right good newspaper man could trim half of it away and yet leave its pro visions Intact and much more easily understandable." The ClarksVille Star concedes "The way Attorney General By.ers goes aft er law violators makes him a man worthy of the hearty support of the voters, should be ever seek further fav ors at their hands. He does things." The Odebolt Chronicle says: "Any candidate with a clean record and rec ognised ability ought to beat BOO Cousins out of renomination in the Fifth congressional district. Bob -could n't have lasted more than one term In the Tenth or Eleventh, and most re publicans have never been able to un derstand why the Fifth has kept him in Washington so long." "The address of the attorney general is Des Moines if any of our readers? care to invite him Into the sacred precincts of Tama county," suggests the Tama Herald. To the editor of the Grinnell Regis ter, who has been having the grippe, "there's one thing sure. If Senator Al lison has the grippe much more he'l! want to resign. Holding office can have no attraction to man when the grippe germ has a grip on his vitals." "Some of our worthy exchanges are aggitating the fact that Senator Al lison will withdraw from the senatorial race." remarks the Fonda Times, and adds: "In our opinion he might as well, for from all appearances he will retire a defeated candidate if he does n't." The Brltt News says: "No man who seeks a public office should be afraid to have his record ?hown up. If Alli son's record is spotless, as his adher ents claim that is, he will have noth ing to fear in that direction." The Eldora Ledger believes "there was an opportunity for a certain de gree of harmoSy if It had been seen fit to have made the head of the state, republican ticket GarSt and Murphy," and concludes is "Murphy and every other standpatter editor In the state sees fit to endeavor to pound Garst i^gsr 7-7* rP^-ic* 4. fe': ?t??% istf? SHI into the dust, hence Murphy should be given the medicine Ills disease calls tor, political oblivion. We were rather charlIllilv inclined to Murphy, regard less of the company he kept two years ago, lull lit! rior any-other standpatter in the state that lias come to our no tice, desires harmony nearly as much as they desire revenge. The lines will again be drawn, progressive and stand pat and the matter may as well be looked ill the face. We are In favor of any respectable and capable progres sive who may oppose Murphy find will do what we nay be able to do In that direction." concludes the Ledger. "The tuberculin test should be en forced for aK, dairy cows, and It should bo done even If slate aid to compen sate owners of condemned animals should hi1 necessary, and a resultant advance In the price of milk should not deter the enforcement of the rule," concludes the Council Mluffs Nonpar ell. f' I LOOKER-ON IN IOWA IfH 1 I 'H".' Iowa Falls, Jan. —'Last week in tliis column the writer ventured to sfly something about the Ice crop of Iowa for 1908. Before the written words were in type the weather changed and the Ice harvest commenced at this place, and has continued from that time, altho reports from other parts of the state show little or no ice, harv est so far in January. The situation here is very favorable for an early and continued supply. The banks of the river are high and only the early miorning and tihe late evening sun shines on the ice, so that with four days of spring weather this week the harvest of 10 to 12 inch ice was not interrupted. The Ice houses here are filled and as fast as twelve to fifteen teams can haul It to the cars at the nearest depots, it Is shipped to many place-s. If the weather continues fav orable there is no reason why an Im mense supply should not he marketed here. .Incidentally bringing in consid erable money and furnishing work for all the mtn and teams that can be ob tained. The three railroads here reach hundreds of towns that will have to buy Ice and ship it In. this year. Reports are that at Clear Lake they are also cutting a splendid quality of ice, and shipping many carloads. Give Iowa Falls credit for a good system of naming the streets. Posts about five feet high, painted white, are placed on the sidewalk at the in tersection of the streets. On these posts is painted in big black letters the name of the street that faces It. On the other side the name of the other facing street, so that lie who runs may read, even if the letters have' to ,be ensmalled to accommodate "Rocksj lvanla Avenue." Who wouldn't be a congressman? 1. e., in Iowa. And who wouldn't like a shoe string district. One. of those wisely arranged districts that takes in the state of Dubuque as well as prohibition Iowa Falls and Eldora. One where it is reported Senater Allison once took the train for Washington. D. C., rather than remain in his hom.: town and address a Sunday school pic nic coming on an excursion from sotre ],'•! liibition town. Congressman Bird sa'.l has not to line up at this time on .t'*e prohibition question, at least not |'.".iill he faces that question in con f^ress, but i'. does look as tho he wo nl I have to place himself squarely in the I ranks of the progressives' or stand patters. In either case "he'll be damned if does, and damned if he don't." One thing is .Jure, the progressives here are determined to find out "where he Is at." One puny republican told the writer here today "we're going Co ask him for a public statement of his po sition on the Alllson-Cumrnins deal. We were told last week bv a Des Moines politician that in a short time Birdsall will join Dolliver in favor of the re-election of 'Allison. That's what we want him to do, "cut bait or fish." The writer does not go into the eastern part of Congressman BIrdsall's district, but reads ahd hears enough from there to know the worthy congressman1 would get '.nto the hottest kind of hot water if he went back on Allison, that is that part of the district. Where the pro gressives will find solace by "going back" on Birdsall is a problem. Bur ton, Sweet or Pickett of Waterloo can not fill the bill. Both are reported as The writer in this coIuiYin takes no standpatters and Allison supporters, part in political discussions, but sug gests to the progressives that Mr. Bircftall's action and the part he took in the last state convention and guber natorial election isj a matter of rec ord, and anyone can easily get the his tory of the whole affair by consulting the daily papers of that date. The writer also only makes regular trips into part of Congressman Cous ins' district, so that from personal ob servation he can only speak of such parts, but this thing is sure: If the opposition to Mr. Cousins unites, Mr. Cousins is serving his last term in congress. While the opposition to Cousins is more or less a progressive and standpatters fight, the real attack Is a personal one. Ugly charges are freely made, and. while they are not as yet in type, the mattet- discussed is no longer a secret and is sure to be made public. With good management a candidate that has never mixed up in the "two winged fight in Iowa" will easily carry the district against Cou sins. ENDORSES THB SUGGESTION. Editor Times-Republican: I have read with interest your edi torial relative to the scarcity of hands at #he South Dakota state prison which prevented the manufacture of binding twine in said institution and, as it appears from your statement, the con victs were all needed to finish a shirt contract. I noted the regret you ex pressed that said convicts were em tployed in said institution in the man ufacture of a product tihat was usually produced by the toil of women, and the pity that any convicts should be so employed as to interfere with the hon est labor of women and girls. And I •notice that you infer that if these con victs were employed in the manufac ture of binding twine that honest la bor would be less injured. Now as It happens, I am somewhat familiar with the manufacture of bind ing twine, so permit me -to state that the help employed in such factories are mostly women and girls, so that /L-*Z W -vjfrV „$* .*l «s»«r V&i shifting said convicts from shirts to binding twine would not altar the principle of Interference with holiest labor nor lessen the wrong to worthy female tollers. Then too. the saving in price of binding twine to the cousumcr, where manufactured by convict labor, is a saving so small and a saving that benefits so small a pe:' cent of the total population of a stale, that the "gitin Is not worth Hie candle," and where done is a ease of the stale put ting u.p ciiipital to foster a monopoly In an industry conducted for the ben efit of I he few and so smacks of class legisla I ion. Hut your suggestion to use convict labor for public highway Improve ment is, in my opinion, a happy solu tion of the quest ion of convict em ployment: for gothI roads are a bene fit to all men. Jind all classes of so ciety can fully appreciate the blessing of Improved highways Kven in our rugged climate, convict labor could bo employed ill road building for at least eight months in every year, without, harsh exposure. The Increased cost of feeding and guarding convicts w'lille so employed would no' be so materia! as to prohibit such employment for these unhappy .people. Then, too, the question of the health of those so em ployed, would he well wortih the ex periment. Life out of doors in camps, engaged In clean healthy labor, the sight of flowers, of growing crops, the sight and songs of birds. Hie sunshine over all, would be ire joyous, more Invigorating to body and mind, than to he kept penned up cramped quar ters: or than the sight of dingy wtills, or the smell of musty ceils and, more over. such employment of convict la '•T would have ,the least possible harmful effect upon honest labor. Speed tihe day when our convict labor will be so employed In our state. THE AFFINITY EVIL., (Davenport Times.) Tintts-^leptMijcmt, lEarslidltowit tomtt gamrarj) 23 1*08 Very sincerely yours, J. L. FAUUINOTON. Jan. ?4, 1908. MWIWHWmWUIWMWWIMWWWMIMI Iowa Newspapers THR OLD INHABITANT. (Oelwein Register) We have talked wlilh tin oldest in habitants and none of felt em claim to remoinber ahything like the weather wo have, been having the latter part of January for the past fifty years in January. Tuesday an old pioneer, Miner Paign, was met out driving without an overcoat, and he was ques- the street of almost any of our vll tirmed relative to nls recollection. He1'ages and country towns of an even stated that he had lot known anything big. sit for half an hour In a railway smoking-car. listen to the conversation that goes on among gangs of working men, and your ears sootier or later in nine hundred and ninety times out of a thousand will be assailed with 'chunks of profanity,' Hung ubout near ly always in apparent per fect good humor, and abso lutely gratuitously and aimlessly. Lit tle wonder then is It that our hoys catch onto the habit and follow suit." like tthis weather after tihe middle of January since the year he first hit the state In the winter of 1863-54. when the hoys at school, of 'whom lie was one, played ball till February. That was a few yoars before most Of us were Introduced Into this vale of smiles and tears, so that statement will be allowed to stand. Other old timers are called upon to state wliat t'hey can re 1110111'jer of September weather In t'he latter half of Jan uary. Judge Brennan at Des Moines, in deciding the question of who should have the custody of a little girl, took occasion to scor that new fojrm "Of analytic and prophetic utterances1 were an old evil-*-the affinity.— He asserted with all the emphasis allowed a court that even for an unmarried woman to correspond with a married man Is condemned by the laws, society and civilization, while for a married wom an to carry on a clandestine rela tion with another man is violation of the most sacred commands. However, while the "affinity" is just now fre quently exposed in the columns of the newspapers in divorce courts and will contests. It Is a delight to know that these things are published because they are the exceptions, and rare ex ceptions at that, for where there Is one leprous home in' which house hold gods are. mocked, there are thou sands of others where life Is sweet, true and pure. DAVE BRANT ON COUSINS. (Ce'dar Rapids Gazette.) To show the extent of the feeling against Bob Cousins and to prove that opposition to him is not based on fac tionalism. it If only necessary to re produce comm?nt such as the follow ing from the Iowa City Republican, Dave Brant's paper: "If Bob Cousins has to go up against Jim Good of Cedar Rapids for nomin ation, he will realize when the votes in Cedar Rapids are counted that knowing not to exceed a half dozen men in Linn county during the six- England Says NO ALUM IN FOOD and strictly prohibits the sale of alum baking powder— So does France So does Germany has been made illegal in Washington and the District of Colum bia, and alum baking powders are everywhere recognized as injurious. -p0 protect yourself against alum, when ordering baking powder, Say plainly- •,: r*-, I ., teen years of service In Washington,! not in congress, has been a very short-sighted policy. Hob lias been very successful in looking to Ills of-j tico holders over tlie district to manlp-| ulate conventions and so far as lie has had no opposition, but at the primar ies It will be different." Brant was for several years a. resi dent of the Fifth district he is now a, very near neighbor, and Is in touch' with the affairs ol' the district. As Is well known, Brant is not "taking or dors from Des Moines," so the frleiufs of Our Bob. including the I,-liter's o. n. in., will have to liud some other meth od of answering Dave's tribute, above quoted. An Insiduous Danger. One of the worst features of kidney trouble is that It Is an Insiduous dis ease and before tho victim realizes his danger lie may have a fatal malady. Take Foley's Kidney Cure nt the first, sign of trouble as it corrects irregu larities and prevents Brlght's disease and diabetes. McBride & Will Drug Co. :For Sunday Reading.:: 4 I All 8»rt» of Opinion*. I I I I I I I I I I I I I "Gratuitous Profanity." A movement Is on foot, as noted by the Canadian Churchman (Toronto), against tho "purposeless profanity" which. It alleges, is characteristic of I America. In Croat Britain people "swear under the pressure of provo cation or of great excitement" but "In this coun'ry"—meaning Canada and Including that territory vaguely designated as "to the south of the lines"—doubtless meaning the United States—"people swear, apparently as often as not. for the pure fun of tho thing." Women as well as men are touched with the "national falling." This journal of the Canadian Protest ant Episcopal church proceeds: "You hear'men ripping out horrible! oaths, anu calling blood-curdling maledictions down upon the heads of others In perfectly cold blood and in their natural tone of voice, as if they were making a remark upon the weather. Tills evil practice Is one of I the worst blots upon a state of things otherwise free from many serious blemishes. We are a sober, law-abid ing, and in some other hespects exem plary, but we are a swearing, people. Profanity Is everywhere In evidence where men congregate. Walk down After Protestantism, What? The signs of a passing Protestantism are read by the Rev. Dr. Newman Smyth, pastor of the First Congiega tional church, New Haven. What may be expected to follow is something that he calls a New Catholicism. His contained in his Christinas sermon, a report of which wo find in the New York Evening Post (December 1!S). "We have no reason to regard Prot estatism as necessarily a final period of Christianity," he says. Two dis tinct ages are to be found in Its his tory: that of Lmther's reformation, and second, "the time of the recon struction of new churches and creeds —the centuries in which most of our existing churches were formed and our creeds were defined." For a hun dred years now we have, he says, been breaking up creeds rather than mak ing them, and "the whole period may prove to be a transitional era in the history of Christianity." He contin ues: "There are signs of the passing of tills Protestant age. They are to be discerned alike in the success and in the failure of Protestantism. I need not linger to record its splendid suc cesses Protestanism has its trium phant arch. Its crowning achievement is that It has won the Victory forever for the spiritual liberty of the individ ual man. Henceforth the right of pri vate Judgment, which the age of Prot estant Christianity has won, can never be abolished br destroyed. But when one success in history has been Achieved, another task is at the door. Another age is at hand. The signs of it are written also .across the failure 0 The sale of alum foods ROYALtoSdcr and be very sure you gel Royal. Royal is the only Baking Powder made from Royal Grape Cream of Tartar. It adds to the digestibility and whole someness of the food. ,41"J'vW.V' "Sfcji 1Jsf A" :—'.BljUMJJWiJI V,S/^t*% vs of this Protestant age. I am not say ing that Its failures in any direction are complete. They may be summixl up in this judgment that the Protestant faith is losing mastery over the con trolling force-s of modern life. This Is apparent to some extent in all the spheres of life. For one thing Protest antism has lost the old authority of the church. It has lost It in Its own families. Romanism 'has authority In tho family from birth to death: from baptism to extreme unction. Protes tantism has lost the voice of authority also in the state our churches, as churches, are not accounted to be po litical powers. More than this. Protestantism as organized, or. rather, as It is disorganized In our churches, ha.s lost control over large areas of re ligious thought. It is not merely that world!iness Is coming In, but .much religion I? withdrawing itself from our churches. "Protestantism has lost power to give to the people a good religious education. It Is not meeting much re ligious thought and questioning among Our Offer We offer for immediate sale receiver* of a large Publishing house their latest and greatest publication the Library of Universal History, and now make the most remarkable andjinpreceden ted offer that has ever been put before the book loving public. We want to lend nificent Set of 16 voli maps and charts! You may examine these books and read the stirring, thrilling narratives in your own home without the expenditure of one cent. If then, you do not care to add this treasure houw of knowledge to your book shelves, you may send the boofce back •t our expense. Read the details of our no money down offer on this page. Just think what it would mean to have a complete history of the world's progress in your own home. What a wealth of information and knowledge! What a handy reference at all times! 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The examination is free, WRITS TODAY- ADDRESS American Underwriters Corporation DEPT. 104. 240 WABASH AVE. Chicago, 111. r«» READY FOR CUPID'S OPEN SEASON. —Soar ii New York Globe, Its own children. There are many of our best young men who religiously to day are very much in the position in which, when In Constantinople, I heard traveler was loft. After the arrival of his vessel he was put in a boat and sent ashore. But the Turkish of ficials at the landing found something wrong In his papers and sent him back to the ship. The officials of the ship refused to receive him because he had not papers authorizing him to em bark. And the story left him passing to and fro between the ship and the shore, with no power to rest either on land or in the ship. Such is the re ligious state of many minds. Pro testantism does not attract them, and Rome repels them. The Jewish Mayor of Rome. Ernesto Nathan, thfe new mayor of Rome, is half-English and half-Jew, and the predicament created by his election Is viewed with much dismay by Roman-Catholic journals. The sit uation, says the correspondent of the New York Freeman's Journal (Rom. PLEASURE with INSTRUCTION! BEAUTIFUL HXUSTRTAIONS! Most, Remarkable Offer! No Money Down To any reader of this paper, signing .the i*» &*- 1/4" VW—*- coupon page, we will ship prepaid (no money down-no C. O, D.-abjotysjy out obligation on your part) this wonderfully fine work-the Library oT Universal History-the complete set of IS volumes. You may keep theM books in your home for a week, to see whether you want them. We arts you to read parts of these books, to examine the binding, illustrations and maps-to verify every statement we make. Then if you do not teei you want to keep these books, notify us and we will pay «ie charges. You do not have to pay one cent in advance, and you do not have to pay one cent to return the.books. 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Cath.), "is absurd, monstrous, anomal ous, incredible—but there it is, and what will come out of it is a perilous secret to bo revealed In the near fu ture." With a population of over a half a million, ninety-five per cent of whom write themselves down in the census book, as "Catholics," Rome, according to this writer, has done the *Incredible" thing of handing itself over "to an anticlerical majority with a freemason mayor at their, head." The latter designation derives from Nathan's title of honorary grand master of Italian freemasonry, his elec tion to the grand mastership having taken place in 1899. He was chosen to that office, says the same writer, because he was "a most bitter and subtle enemy of the Catholic church." Among his memorable phrases, we read further, is one in which he declares: "The Catholic religion Is to be com bated because It Is the graft of su^', perstltion on dogma." 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