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TIMES-REPUBLICAN PRINTING CO, TE2RMS: One year by mail $5.00 By the month by mail 4u Delivered by carrier by the month. .50 Rural route edition per year 4.00 Hntered at the postofflce at Marsball towti as second class mail matter. Eastern ofbhce R. J. Shannon, Manager, Brunswick Ruilding, New York, N. T. The Message of the Music. (Frank Li. S tan ton in Uncle Itemus' 'Magazine for February) What's that the fiddle's sayln' which the others never hear?— Soinethin' that's a-lioverin' betwixt a smile an' tear!—• Somethln' of the past time—the shad ow an' the beam, An' hear it for the last time in a dream—a dream! "The old lada are weary— Youth must have a chance Too ,old to dance now— Too okl to dance!" On merry nights I hear It from by chimney-corner place: 'Rosy cheeks aroun' me, with the dim ples in a race! •An' I seem to feel their freshness—a breath of golden curls, As movin' to the music they swing the •sweetheart-girls! "The old -lads are lonesome—• Youth must have a chance: Too old to dance now— Too old to dance!" That's how the fiddle's singin' in a tune to them unknown— A sort of farewell message to the heart of me alone! "You've reaped the youth-time roses— you've had your day and time: The twilight round you closes, where hells of Mem'ry chimes— "The old lads are lonesome— Youth must have a chance 'Too old to dance now— Too old to dance!" THE BANKER'S ILLOGICAL PLEA. If a poll could be taken of a thou sand bankers in all probability the vote Would be almost unanimous In oppo sition to the insurance of bank deposits all and solely because the banker feels that insurance of bank deposits would remove the reward of public confi dence and patronage which an honest |)w, banker now receives for Ills careful [.TWonduct of his business. To him the 'J^ar is dominant that there wvould be no more inducement for the public to deposit with him than with the reck less banker were the public's risk en tirely covered by insurance. Even Mr. Forgan, president of the largest bank in Chicago arid one of the foremost thinkers upon banking finance, is Jf this same opinion and yet ]Slr. Forgan gives it as his opinion that he hail never yet seen a bank fail except thru the error of loaning directly or indi rectly to its own officers. While this is the bankers' view it is also equally as probable that a poll of public opinion would be fully as un animous in favor of insurance of de posits. The public has been taught that it is good public polity to make the' owners of banks assume the risks,, hence the kind of investments which! savings banks are permitted to make are prescribed by la.w, the amount of cash which all banks must keep on hand is prescribed by' law, the condi tion of every incorporated bank is ex amined by a government examiner, and the investors in banks are re quired by law to guarantee their de positors to the extent .of an additional sum equal to the amount they have Invested in the 'banking business. All of these things have been enacted Into law by the public for Its own pro tection in its deposits. The bankers now accept them as wise provisions. But just so far as an adequate reserve required by law protects the safety of deposits and just so far as the double liability of stockholders protects it the honest banker has been shut off from his reward in public confidence and business pafronage for his careful banking. All bankers are included in •the provisions of tie law and none have any advantage. If these meas ures. which were intended to make de positors absolutely safe, fulfilled their purpose, there would be no need fot insurance of deposits but experience has shown that they fall short and -banks do fail without paying depos itors in full. What, then are we to -.,1 do'.' It is no defense for a,banker to say that he does not want depositors •to have full protection because hu 'could not gain business at the expense of-a careless or dishonest banker. The public welfare demands that the or ligirial purpose of all banking safe guards be carried out. We might re quira-a treble liability of stockholders and then require every stockholder in a bank to put up in the hands of the government adequate collateral to guarantee the genuineness of the. 11 ^lability. This would probably do the iibusiness but the principle of insurance has proved so sound and the premium ]|tax so slight a burden when spread lover all the members of a given class itjiat It seems the most effective and •practicable and least expensive method jpf repairing the deficiency in our pres .'•jgnt banking safeguards. 11 New Devices for Invalid. jl The February Popular Mechanics jkesteribes' with illustrations several $tew devices Intended to add comfort fjo the existence of invalids. A new |ihair has every part adjustable, so '|hat position may be changed readily iir persons may bo lifted in and out '.r.* $ & ,. t.-1 ti,1 i. V' with the minimum of movements. A doctor's automobile has an invalid's chair as part ol" the back this chair can be lifted right out with tho per son seated in it, and earrifd wherever desired. A new invalid's carriage does not in the least resemble an ambu lance. yet the patient rests on a cot within and the whole side of the car riage opens to permit the cot's re moval. NEWSPAPER PUBLICITY AND OPINION Below are two quotations from the editorial pages of two of Iowa's lead ing newpapers: The l)es Moines Register and Lead er uses a great many soft words, but this is what its argument amounts to: Senator Allison is olil and sick—out With him!—Sioux City Journal. The Sioux City Journal uses a great many soft words, but this is what its, arguments amount to: President Roosevelt has been in long enough out with him.—Des Moines Register and Leader. It is apparent that soft words some times fall short of the Scriptural as surance that such language turns away wrath. The quotations above be long bettor with the adage, "soft words butter no parsnips"—at the present stage of Iowa politics. As between President Roosevelt and the Sioux City Journal a great gulf was digged along abom. the time its editor was a candidate for governor. Xo one denys tlie right if that journal U) espouse such causes and oppose such men a.s it may see fit or expedlen:. Tiie Register anil Leader is support ing Governor Cummins for the senate against Senator Allison and its argu ment is that the senator has arrived at the limit of the years wherein men may be preeminently useful. It Is within its rights as* a newspaper when does this and the fact that it feels that the senator should be replaced by a more vigorous man is not a bur to such expressions of esteem as it miy see lit to apply to the man it opposes for a sixth term of six years. The fact is the assumption that any official, high or low, should be Im mune from sincere criticism is un called for on the part of any man or newspaper. There is no reason why men and newspapers should not speak out fairly, print news fairly and fairly discuss the records of public men of every degree. There is no reason why 14 a matter to be discussed in convert- ti°n or in print and no better reason why Senator Allison's record should pamonship are properly to be set down In the column where they belong when the balance of public officers Is made up. This Is an inalienable right of the represented. It Is also the privi lege and duty of the publicist. It does not include misrepresentation and abuse. It means simple, truthful dis cussion of men, policies and records. Soft words always come easiest and are mostly meaningless. They have been so readily and often said and written that they have come to be k)oked uiJQn ag an offjciai PRGUTY'S REPLY TO D0LLIVER. In his Council Bluffs speech Senator Dolilver referred to the beautiful sen timent which urges us to keep vener able statesmen In office until they tot- ter and fall in their senility and weak- Des Moines, saying: Senator Dolliver then refers to the "beautiful sentiment.' This naturally touches the heart of every kind and generous man. But we must not forget, in our sympathy, that the American senate is not an asylum for sentiment, but a place for the exercise of tiie high functions of a great government. I fear that, already this "beautiful sentiment" has played too important a part in the affiirs of the nation. Some time ago I saw it stated in a Washington dis patch that Senator Depew had come forward to be sworn in, according to the senate custom, leaning upon the arm of his colleague, Senator Piatt, and then added that it took two men to hold Senator Piatt up during the ceremony. I feel that this is carrying the "beautiful sentiment" just a. little too far. Is there not danger that the senate may become subject to the ap pellation universally applied by thu populace of France to their upper chamber. "Hotel Des Invalided." The American senate is a place of busi ness. and should be filled by men with both mental and physical ability to dis charge its arduous duties. I trust that the people of Iowa will not repeat the fiasco of 1900. when in response to this "beautiful sentiment" they elected to tie Cnited States sen ate a man 7f years of age, so enfeebled in body and mind that every one knew the was not capable of properly dis charging the duties of senator He died before the beginning of the term for which lie was elected. This deprived the people of their right to choose the representative to that high office, and vested that right in the then acting governor of this state. They are now appealing to this same "beautiful sentiment" to re-elect to the senate a man 80 years of age, decrepit and enfeebled by disease, not that the? might show him greater honor, but that they might preserve their power. But this "force" makes use of this "beautiful sentiment" when they need it and turns if aside with a sneer when it does not serve their purpose, or de sign. President Roosevelt's policies and rec- longing to the second group are also ord should be absolved from plain shouting for Taft. This, however, is discussion, no reason why Governor a sporadic business due to local con Cummins' public record should not be ditions. In some of the western states. not be reviewed. Men are to be judged they see no way for it but to by what they have done and the best join the local Taft boomers. In these pledge and promise to the future is the instances it has been learned that there performance of the past. Past neglect.'is systematic effort to line up delega ommlssion. failure and present com- t'° on lho perquisite, of the Times O[BCS B. Murphy's partner in his campaign address in support of B. Murphy, can didate, says that "During the last twenty-live years Mr. Murphy has rep resented his county in republican state conventions," which is on truth. It has required th energy of nearly half the Fifth con gressional district to prevent him rep resenting the whole district in repub lican slate conventions. liy half the le t'oinlilno'l IbUen of the Des Moines Tribune, took occasion to sneer at Governor Larrabee recently and tiie ubiquitous Webster City Freeman-Tribune goes back to the files of a Webster City pa per formerly owned and edited by Hellen. in which this editor said: "To parade such a. man as a mere cor poration tail twister, often done for political advantages and advance ments, is to belittle him. Mr. Larra bee is unquestionably the most be lieved-in and looked-up- to man in tho state, one of whom it may be said as it was of another, that he has lived without fear and without reproach. And he is living the closing years of his life In tills public esteem because above all else he has never been a dmagogue. because no public act of hi had any ulterior private object or mo tive." Politics and misery, etc.. are responsible for many peculiar things. Is personal haired of the governor _| sufficient justification for daily sneers. It Is said that the railroads whose managers are more interested in rail roading than 1 1 1 the stock market, are quietly assuring Taft of their support but that the octopus operators prefer a democrat. This Is merely a mani festation of superior judgment. When Cortelyou made a complete defense of his course in tho panic crisis^ Senators Tillman and Cubersoii had to fan their anger with the typo graphical appearance of the document in order to cover up the true import of its contents. The Washington representative of the great Minneapolis Journal, writes that "Some of the railroad looters he- where these railroads ghouls must con- leg(slatures jn or(ior t0 rc taJn g) ..p and wher(i Roosc V(?]t am Taft sentinient is jangerous- ns with a second ch flrst ballot." Kind words are of different character. things, viz: Governor Cummins, ia preference for Speaker Cannon. This has now uncovered enough slates t0 makp cprtllin that ini(?ttnt t0 ser ous jn case be Taft Is not nominated It seems rather hard on Garst to involve him in the senatorial issue when it could be avoided by electing some man to the senate whom the Ce dar Rapids Republican is not so sure will die during Garst's administration. IOWA OPINIONS AND NOTES. Burt Monitor says "The Thi glvos ti,e terestsV' tight voter the choice of two ..raise whose record is a tight for the people's Honest, sincere, plain speech is ptaise, agrtnst corporations or AMison, who lights for the corporations or disapproval are different still and best of all. |and to thunder with the people. Which I.,et us get away from the erroneous man, Mr. Voter, appeals to your in idea that it is necessary to be soft. It isn't. And let us get closer to the truth that it is always right to speak for our honest convictions. "The fellows who have been 'keep ing an eye on Shaw' hive grown cross eyed trying to locate him politically," asserts the Manson Democrat. "The simple fact, known to all men who know anything of politics is that if Shaw were a candidate for presi- cr lts and ness, to which Judge Prouty replied at. lose half or more of the congression al districts," declares the Brooklyn Chronicle. "The favorite son talk is the merest nonsense." aj that Jowa would be carr by the demo- that the republicans would Towii City Citizen (standpat) says: "One thing may be said to Governor Cummins' credit and that he has been a big enough man to always be a good friend of Iowa state university." "Whatever else he may have done Governor Hughes has demonstrated pretty effectually tfoat the presiden tial lightning will not strike unless the lightning rod is put up in a con spicuous place," observes the Situx City Journal. The Waterloo Courier sees "great significance in Foraker's defeat. There Is just as much significance in Taft's success. The one reveals stagnation. The other indicates progress. The two point out unmistakably the trend of the political times in America. The man who wins support henceforth, will not be the one who "plays" politics. Not the one who depends upon chi canery or trickery. It will be the one has advanced convictions. The one whose integrity Is unassailable. The cne who believes in his fellows. The one who believes the government should be run by the people and for the people." The Waterloo Reporter whose pas sion for alliteration approaches its eagerness to grab state printing, says "The governor gabbled away very gloriously." The Washington Democrat, noting that "Muscatine is in a dickens of a fix because they have no money to pay for their street lighting since the saloons closed," consolingly observes: "Washington has no such trouble and there have been no sa.loons here since 1SS4. It is easy when you get used to it." Digging Big Trench for Tunnel. Constructing the railroad tunnel un der—or. to be exact, thru—the river at I Detroit, involves some interesting engi- I neering problems, says the February Popular Mechanics. Instead of tunneling under the river I a trench is being dug by a massive I clamshell dredge, at present operating in 42 feet of water. The trench will be IS feet wide at the bottom, to ac commodate the twin steel tubes that are sunk and bolted together as rap idly a.« completed, and which will fnrm the tunnel proper. As the government requires the top of the tunnel to be feet below the surface of the river, i! is necessary to have a long reach to gel at the ground which is being re moved. The bottom of the trench is iv a at the statewide primary law'.' Sioux ritory he can only ship on other rail City Journal please answer. roads to Tama. Toledo, Gladbrook, Gil ford and Radcliffe, but he mentions many other points where it is only a The announcement of Mr. Pickett of Waterloo, that he is a candidate for congress in this district, also adds to the peculiar condition of political af fairs in this vicinity. It can be fairly stated thnt Senator Allison has quite a following in Franklin county. The old wheel-horses are for Allison. The colts for- Cummins. Xow Congress man Birdsall has heretofore lined up with the Cummins forces, but there is quite a general feeling that he roclgnizes the standpatters have polit ical rights which he lias, and does re spect. Burton, Sweet is classed as a standpatter out-and-out. He is sup posed to be the Allison candidate. Mr. Pickett is also classed as a standpat ter. The progressives are now asking, have we got to vote for a standpatter for congressman, or Is there another candidate yet to enter the field as an out-and-out progressive? ,Or does Birdsall fill the bill? The writer of this colcimn has many times been asked these questions. He "gives it up." Judge Prouty's skimming operation on the epidermis of Senator Dolliver, affords intense satisfaction to the pro gressives of Cerro Gordo county. In Rockwell last week many expressions were heard to the effect that Prouty bad given Dolliver "just what was coming to him." In this county the "harmony" deal was once or twice worked beautifully—for the standpat ters. Once there was a man named Blythe that lived in Mason City. He was great on "harmony." As it were it was his long suit. And he played the game as an expert. But others have got on and into the game. It has been found out that in the "harmony" game, occasionally a sneak lead was made, even if such leads are not good form in politics or cards. So that now, when Judge Prouty "talks right out in meet in,'," calls a spade a spade, is "brutally frank," these Cummins men of Cerro Gordo are happy. Iowa Newspapers DAVE BRANT AND BOB COUSINS. (Cedar Rapids Gazette) It is easy to answer with sneers, but they are not always convincing. A Ceflar Rapids republican, who has had all sorts of graft in his day, and still is grafting, was in the city the other day. and his attention was called to a friendly reference in this paper to Mr. James W. Good, who is talked of for congress in the Fifth district, and in his sneeing style, for which he is noted, he remarked: "Brant is sore on Bob Cousins.. Guess lit: wanted some sort of a job from him and did not get it." The insinuation is a bare-faced lie and the man who made it knows it, or at least hs.s nothing upon which to base his statement. Mr. Brant was in I,iiin county when Cousins was first proposed for congress and ho was one of the first to suggest him for the place and supported his candidacy, and supported him cordially at every congressional election, while in that county. Hd never asked a favor of Mr. Cousins in any form and so far as now recalled, never wrote him a letter and he never talked with Cousins five •minutes in his life. Mr. Brant also can say that never In his life has he ever asked a political favor of any congressman, or any governor, or any body else who had an appointment to bestow. The Republican has no in clination to mix up in the Fifth dis- •-5-^ Gr feet below the surface of the river. The article is illustrated. 1100KER.0N IN Fimcs-licjmMkmt, IHaralidftmmt JxniKt frbrurtrc 1 308 IOWA jrH1 Hampton, Feb. 1.—A suggestion made in this column that tile C. it -V W. R. R. Inaugurate a motor-car pas senger service on their system between Jewell Junction and Tama seems to have quite general approval from the clti/ens living in the twelve towns along this line. To this can be added that the traveling men making this territory are still more enthusiastic over the proposition. At present these Knights of the Grip are forced to add very much of their expense accounts in livery hire, or else lose time that costs still more. These men ami the houses they represent "route" hun dreds of car loads of freight every year, ami their patronage and intlu ence is "worth the while" of any rall load company, large or small. At the present time these men feel none too friendly towards the C. A. X. W. R. i.ine Hour man eiuims he can "divert" car loads of flour in a ,. t"f course, on this strip of ter- matter of choice with him which rail load gets the business. The C. X. W. R. R. for many years has hud the good will of the traveling men, because of accommodation In the way of good train service on the main line and branches. They cannot afford now to lose It by refusing better passenger service between Tama and Jewell. There's something doing in politics up tills way, and the initiated are not on to the combination. A certain man known to be a Cummins man. and who nurses an ambition "to go to the legislature," was recently visited bv a leader of the standpat forces of Franklin county, and assured if lie saw fit to announce himself as a can didate, the standpat weekly of Hamp ton would not tight him, and speak ing for himself and some others, the visitor would do all he could to help him In his canvas. The nigger In the wood pile is not visible. Why should the standpatters of Franklin county want a Cummins man in the next leg islature? Perhaps brother Purcell can explain the riddle. trict contest, if there is one. I• 11 it could make things mighty interesting if it iliil so. Iowa. City Republican. Dave, the very intimation that you could make things mighty interesting by taking part in the tight against I'.oh Cousins will give Dome Cellar Rapids people the shivers. By the way, Dave, who was that Ce dar Rapids "republican who has had all sorts of graft in his day and still is grafting?" Ills name. If made pub lic. might disclose the reason why he is so wrathy when It Is even sug gested that som-'one may oppose Cousins at the "primaries. KXPRKSS ItATKS IX ](WA. (I Jubuque Telegraph.) In deference to the expressed wish of the state railway commission the Iowa Manufacturers' Association, thru Its secretary, on Saturday las! tiled with the commission a petition for a rehearing on xpress rates. A Des Moines paper announces that the hearing will be held on February IS. Thus is taken one bridge in the tight of this newspaper and the jobbers and shippers of the state for equitable express rates. It goes without saying that the commissioners will not again close the door in tiie face of shippers' representatives and swallow hook, bait and line held out to them by the ex press companies. In the same connection It is an nounced that the railroads have with drawn their order effective on Febru ary 1 Increasing th WHAT BYERS 1XDCLGKI) IN*. (Sioux City Tribune) "Byers indulges In personalities," is the common heading given by the standpat press in referring to the at torney general's recent notable trip to Council Bluffs. It Is true that the at torney general did get rather personal. He stated that he had had a confer ence that afternoon with the county attorney: that that official had ad mitted to him that he had received a sum of money which the attorney gen eral named, for acting in defense of the saloon men at the time an effort was made the past summer to have them comply with the provisions of the mulct law. a condition of affairs of which the attorney general was already advised before he went to Council Bluffs, and he further stated that the county attorney had pledged him his word that if given another chance, he would do his duty which he swore he would, do when he took the oath of office. Mr. Byers informed his hearers that he had gone to Council Bluffs with the intention of removing the official from office, but that he was willing to take him at his word and give him one more chance, .and lie urged the. people before him to do the same. The closing of Council Bluffs' gambling houses followed the next day. WHERE IS "NAT" HUBBARD? (Cedar Rapids Republican) The "Hon." John Cottrell, "the gen tleman from Plymouth," who had the affinity business during the last leg islature, of which he was a member, is going to leave Iowa to seek rest in other parts. He intends to desert his wife and their children. But why shouldn't the lawmaker be arrested for wife desertion under the provis ions of one of the laws he helped to enact? Other wife deserters are A 1 lolnt minimum' local rate from IT, cents to 40 cents. reslstable that one or more of the com-, mlssioners. without ever having heard.""" from the shippers on the subject and Hi -Ki a •a.,— .-r^ thrown' into jaiis. especially if they are poor, why should the "honorable" man from Plymouth receive any bet ter treatment? Mere is a chance J'or some one to show that the laws are enforced impartially, at least f"iv a. HARD ciX BOB. (('arroll I lerald 'Congressman Robeit G. Cousins will hfive opposition for nomination •In the next primaries. A Republican paper in that district deplores this opposition to the brilliant congress man. For it savs that in sixteen years In office lie lias been unable to get acquainted with more than fifteen In each county In the district. Xow he may have to hustle, and it will distress him sorely to mix with the plain people. Christian Psychology. The application of the facts of Chrisil iii psychology as made by Bishop Fallows was commended by Rev. John Thompson of the McCa.be Memorial Methodist Kpiscopal church, who saw in tills new movement a call 1 1 1 1 The railroads had no authorit to or-1 Thompson said In part der such an increase without the con-, leaching unci new application sent of the state railroad commission. "f ft"-'" Christian psychology to which Bishop Fallows is giving prom inence Is just another call to the church io broaden her message and The commission so fur as any knows, and so far as Its records show, never lunl an increase in the minimum charge under consideration, to say| enlarge her program. I he bolder nothing of ever having to advance the minimum. Certain It is that the rail roads did not order the Increase on their own motion and without assur ance that the commission would assent to tin- Increase. The conclusion Is Ir- church to broaden its message reac-h more people in more ways. minds among us have been urging a new application of the gospel to the needs of.human life. "I believe we have In this new ap plication of Christian psychology a happy middle position between the ex tremes of Christian Science on the 1 1 1 1 1 1 without having given the shippers hearing, tol«I the railroads to go ahead "The extreme tenets of hrlatlan and Increase the charge. Then, fearing Science can never be accepted by peo the consequences, th mmlssion as a I, accustomed to weigh Well every l.odv failed to follow up the railroads' yielding their mental as ordcr with one of its own. I ridicule it. But I So long as the minimum rate is to! see no reason why tho Christian remain where It Is there is no great need of enquiring into the mystery cn-! need of enquiring into the mystery concerning the railroads' announce-1 inent ami the authority for It. But tills much is evident, that the commission, has been taking Its cue from the rail roads and that the searchlight of pub- llcltv turned upon It has made It afraid. Eternal vigilance and fearless! "T*'t the churches carry there heal criticism are as much the price of good' government as eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. "Weak Training." Insufficient training in the theolog ical seminaries was blamed by Rev. W. A. Bartlett in his sermon at the First 'Congregational church, for weak men in the ministry. "It has just been asserted by one high in authority," he said, "that the church is decadent: that it has lost power and prestige, and that it has been so occupied in saving itself that it ha-s failed to save the community. I will not admit the charge against the church, for it is too broad. As a general proposition the church never held the respect of the layman as now. "There are undoubtedly churches which are decadent, and. the reasons for It are not far to seek. I lay the trouble to the insufficient training of the theological seminaries. Thev are teaching more things than ever, but not always tiie one thing needful. The young man who goes in a commun ity as minister has often very vague ideas concerning the great doctrines of the Bible. "He has a kind of pottering knowl edge of many things, which makes him believe that the regeneration of the neighborhood is to be brought about thru a gentle, ethical social set tlement regime. He dabbles In politics, economics, ciubs and various worthy institutions, which were never intend ed to take the place of the church, and becomes a kind of errand boy for everything, from the bricklayers' un ion to a woman's guild, to provide soft food for people without teeth. To the woman who bakes, Royal is the greatest of time and labor savers. Makes home baking easy, a pleasure and a profit Baking Powder The only Baking Powder made from Royal Grape Cream of Tartar With minimum trouble and cost bis cuit, cake and pastry are made fresh, clean and greatly superior to the ready made, dry, found-in-the-shop variety. -1 1 in a I ITTrFim^nTTii^T* fl W W W For Sunday Reading. All 8ort» of Opinions. in 11 111 i-h theology Kcneratlons ago on the other ehtirehes should not undertake some such work as Bishop Fallows is do ing. There is much need of It. Chris tian Science operates chiefly among the rich, who have plenty of time to ntirse their ailments. It builds costly temples on -the boulevards and con structs pews where physical discom fort is reduced to a minimum. Ing comforts to the poor, the slums, where they have their many missions. "We iMethodlsts should especially take it up. Did not John Wesley min ister to the sick according to the best standards of healing he knew, and are not our bishops at their ordination commissioned to 'heal the sick?' I be lieve in this new movement. There is value in it, and it will spread and grow and abide." se* ft *«"K "The church lias one great mission, and -when it faithfully fulfills that mis sion it will never lack in interest and power. The mi-ssion of the church is to preach to mankind the whole counsel Does Not Pay to Preach. That from a financial standpoint it does not pay to be a minister and that even the hod carrier has something on ministers when .it comes to pay was asserted before the Pittsburg Minis terial union by the Rev. Joseph Coch rane of Philadelphia. "Ministers are underpaid and the scale of their pay and advancement in the last ten years does not begin to compare with the advances allowed the average hod carrier," was one of th.j expressions used by the Philadelphia visitor, and it was loudly applauded by the ministers present. The Rev. Mr. Cochrane deplored the fact that divinity was being elimin- The principle which obtains In tiie punishment of the criminal Is the pre vention of crime, both by reforming or permanently confining him and by de terring others from following his bad example. In the accomplishment of tills purpose It lias come to be gener ally admitted that during the Infliction of punishment the physical health of the prisoner should not be impaired, and that everything possible should be done looking to such improvement of his character as may lit liiin for bet ter citizenship. Another principle. In no sense out of harmony with the first, and which, In this connection, is worthy of more gen eral acceptance, is that the prisoner who has injured a community thru the commission of crime, and whose capture, conviction, and punishment have added to Its financial burden, should, if possible, in connection with his punishment, do something to bene fit the community which lie has in jured. The correctness of this prin ciple is coming to be widely accepted in tiie southern states, where the be lief prevails that perhaps the best way in which a criminal can benefit the community he has injured is in help ing to improve its public highways. And in doing this work without com pensation and at a cost actually less, in many cases, than that of his keep In the county jail, he is benefiting his community without Imposing on it an additional tax burden: he is not in the ordinary sense competing with hired labor, and he is doing work which hired labor does not care to do unless paid such wages as will prove a too serious drain on the public treasury. This method of employing convict labor In a majority of the southern states may be fairly said to have passed the experimental stage, and to have become a .part of the accepted practice. The use of convict labor in public road building is most largely prac ticed in the state of Georgia, Ten nessee, Texas, North Carolina, t."'uth Carolina, and Kentucky, in the order named. In Virginia, where only twen ty-three convicts are reported as hav ing been used on the public roads of the state, and these confined to four counties, and in Alabama, where only twenty-five convicts are reported as being used on the public roads in two counties, the system is still in its in fancy. In Arkansas, Florida, Louis iana and Mississippi the system has been more largely adopted, but In these states only short-term convicts are used, and In most of the counties the number so employed Is small: conse quently the per capita expense is large, which 1s also the case in Ala bama. Hence, even in these states, the custom has not yet been established on a satisfactory basis. Classes of Convicts Employed. Laws of the different states on this subject usually specify that only able bodied male convicts sentenced for »"s 7"* -r 1 •\T*4* \.'l!"Yi* f* of God. Preachers have got to stop were twenty-five or thirty years ago. the timorous and hesitating way of Where formerly SO per cent Of the stu announcing ,the truth. We do not need to apologize for the Bible. We do not need to trim and pare till we have cut out tho miracles, the divin ity of Christ, the authenticity and in spiration of tho Rible." ROADS AND CONVICT LABOR. short terms are to be assigned to work Vomiting, Indigestion, Dyspepsia, Colds on the public roads. In the state of' and Female Ills. Try it today. Have you ever thought about having some MONEY WORKING FOR YOU If not, begin now. Have regard for your future comfort and for those dependent upon you. Now is the time 10 begin to save. We pay inierest on time deposits. It may be com pounded quarterly. It is the best insurance against want, hard luck or hard tfmes. Marshalltown State Bank Capital $100,000. Surplus & Profits $60,000. OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS A. F. Batch, president Geo. A. Turner, vice president P. S. Balch, cashier C. C. Trine, asst. cashier. DIRECTORS. Geo. A. Turner, A. F. Balch, A. A. Moore, J. G. Brown, P. S. Balch, Wm, A. Davis, Jno. B. Classen. Land! Land! -IN THE- NEW EMPIRE! Wild and Improved Land—the Finest of Homes, Artesian V^ater, Natural Gas, and the best of soil for Flax, Wheat, Oats, Corn, Barley and Spelts. $10.00 and Upward. Easy Payments. AKASKA REAL ESTATE COMPANY AK&sKa, South Dakota. HUSTLING AGENTS WANTED R. TOFFLEMIRE, Traveling Representative MASON CITY, IOWA I *i 1 I ,H, V. a ted from different big colleges of tlia country. In part he said: "Conditions existing today in the ed ucational Institutions of the country are exactly the reverse of what they dents graduated from the great eastern colleges left their studies to enter the ministry, while 20 per cent took up the practicc of law, medicine, or busi ness, of the students graduated by the eastern universities last year only 2% per cent were trained for the ministry. This meant only one 'minister for ev ery twenty-five pulpits In the east. "The majority of students who now enter college to study for the minis try leave their studies to take up law, medicine, dentistry, or business. The atmosphere of the institutions in which they receive their training is to be la mented. "We turn to the church and ask If an underpaid ministry Is not respon sible for its decadence. 'No, never.' answers the occupant of some import ant pulpit. "In this materialistic age, the dearth of ministers Is due, at least to some extent, to the small salaries to be bad." Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, Florida, and Georgia prisoners convicted of misdemeanors only may be assigned to work on the public roads, and for these the sentence does not usually exceed one year, which, when the costs are added, may be thereby extended to nearly two years In extreme cases. In Alabama, .in A few cases, all able-bodied male pris oners whose terms of sentence do not exceed two years may be assigned to work on the public roads. In South Carolina this limit Is extended to five years, and In North Carolina to ten years. The experience In North Carolina during the past ten years, has shown that all the able-lwdled male pris oners whose terms of sentence do root exceed ten years may Vie successfully employed at the ordinary work of highway improvement. iMany such prisoners in different southern states whose terms of sentence range be tween one and ten years are now em ployed under either the leaae or con tract system, or under state control, and are working on farms or In •mines and factories. All of these might be employed in Improving the public high ways. The expense entailed would not be great: the difficulties which seem to stand in the way would disappear in practice, and the result would be of Incalculable benefit in helping along Industrial and educational development in each of these states. The experience In California has shown also that even the longer-term convicts can be employed to great ad vantage by the state in quarrying and crushing stone at one or more central points for use In permanent road building. Stone fs being extensively crushed in this way In California at less than half what Is costs to do this work with hired labor in other states. The quarries used for this purpose are surrounded by a strong stockadfe which also incloses the convict quarters, and! the escape of prisoners under such, conditions is not greater than that from the state prisons. Such a Rystem Is applicable, and could be adopted to advantage In each of the southern states, except In Mississippi, Louisiana and perhaps Florida. 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