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The bystander. [volume] (Des Moines, Iowa) 1916-1922, January 21, 1916, Image 2

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MaJ, Robert H. Moton of Hampton
Institute, Hampton, Va,, was selected
to succeed Booker T. Washington as
president at Tuskegee Institute,
"Taskegee, Ala., at meeting of the
Jsl committee of the trustees of
The choice was unanf
.JBOOS. The committee the se
lectlott wsa composed of 8eth Low,
chairman of the Tnakegee trustees
X^Fnuik Trumbull of the Chesapeake &
Ohio railroad, fidgar A. Bancroft, W
W. Campbell and Victor H. Tulane.
Major Moton will not be installed as
bead of the famous Negro institute
tmtil the commencement exercises in
M*r, l»l«. Until that time be will
gtve bis service* to the campaign for
Robert Russs Moton.
tion of Major Moton, "the policies,
aim and attitude of the institute will
.continue unchanged."
p. The committee paid tribute to the
ability of Emmett 3. Scott, temporary
head of the institute since the death
of Doctor Washington, as follows:
In taking this action the commit
tee has not been unmindful of the
long devotion and of the many quali
fications of Mr. Emmett J. Scott for
^position. The problem to be dealt
with is a many-sided one, and it has
seemed wise to seek a solution of It
that will bring to the work of Tuske
gee another forceful personality."
In the death of the great Negro
Industrial leader, educator, and or
ganizer, Dr. Booker T. Washington,
the American nation has lost a great
Instrument for good the Negro race
In our nation a leader-mediator the
civilized world one of its champions
of a great cause, writes P. Wilcon El
legor of Liberia, in a communication
to the New York Times. There are
times when even profound minds find
It difficult to glre out the fullest ex
pressions of sentiment upon peculiar
occasions and subjects—when words
do not seem to give the significance
they are employed to convey.
"A great Negro leader has fallen,"
"a mediator and friend of his race,"
or an active and indefatigable edu
cator and industrialist, all convey
"Major Moton knows by Intuition
northern white people and southern
white' people). I have often heard the
remark made that the southern white
man knows more attout the Negro in
the South than anybody else. I will
not stop here to debate that question,
but I will add that colored men like
Major Moton know more about the
southern white man than anybody else
on earth," was a remark made by
Booker Washington.
"This thorough understanding of
both races which Major Moton pos
cesses has enabled him to give his
students ju* the sort of practical and
helpful advice nod counsel that no
white man who has not himself faced
the peculiar conditions of the Negro
could be able to give.
%#!1 hare seen Major Moton in a
*good many trying situations In which
ma ordinary man would have lost his
bead, but I have never seen him when
be seemed to feel the least degraded
or humiliated. I have learned from
ltojor Moton that one need not be
long to a superior race, to be a gen
IVli has been through contact with
Of children born of parents at the
age of forty-one years one-third die
during the first year, while the rate
of mortality among those born ot
between the ages of twenty
and thirty Is lean than
The new h&d of Toskegee has
been commandant of cadets at Hamp
ton since 18W, He was born in Vir
ginia. and Is of par* Negro parentage.
In a statement issued by the com
mitted it is declared that by the elec-
la worth more per carat
tjthan any other atone.
Iferou could put all the United States
2 0
miles left
Bahama bird/Is so
eiililHs— that when attacked by oth
Mi4a it does not fight, hut glvaa
41M fish it has caught without re-
fat can** *»ttt to* the
t»t°? which it
iw trgtftfb# we feet In
cable mad# for]
miaa withstood a
much, but tail to bring out the fullest
measure of those elemental qualities
that combined to make Mr. Washing
ton the truly great man that he was.
Booker T. Washington was able in
a very positive manner to give the
demonstration of the fact that with
opportunities and proper equipments
miliums of colored people would be
come capable of the highest mechan
ical and industrial training be was
able to prove the possibility of a good
understanding and, what is more, of
good feeling between tbe wbite snd
colored elements be was able to
prove that the individual sacrifice,
perseverance, determination. thrift,
energy, and steadfastness are unit
builders of the useful community that
must eventually turn out of its mold
a prosperous, well-equipped people,
rightly for a good place in tbe world.
This is bow we view the work of
Booker Washington In Liberia, West
Africa, where his name has become a
household word and the Tuskegee
model plant regarded as a valuable
asset, an object lesson for any in
dustrial effort.
I feel it my duty as one connected
with Negro advancement work In
Liberia, and deeply interested, too, in
the industrial outlook of that coun
try, to excess In behalf of my col
leagues there an appreciation for the
life and work of that gr*at opportune
man. whose career may be briefly
summed up In the words: Veni. vidi.
vici. He really came "as one born
In due time," saw and grasped a neces
sity. and put Into effect propaganda
that must of necessity continue to be
a workable and progressive monument
erected for the wellbeing of tbe race
in America.
Mr. Washington's death, then,
should prove to be a signal for united
thought and effort among tbe colored
race in America, in all those ways
that tend toward tbe uplift of thou
sands of the people. And to my mind
the very best way to show apprecia
tion for and loyally to that devoted
son of the race would be by uniting
in encouraging and supporting In any
and every possible way that wonder
ful working "Washington monument"
at Tuskegee.
That the Negro must look to the
schools for preparation for his work
in life, and that he must erect schools
and maintain them himself, was the
declaration of Dr. A. P. Camphor,
president of Central Alabama college,
before the Central Alabama confer
ence of the Jdetbodist Episcopal
church, in delivering tbe principal ad
dress at the educational anniversary.
An audience that filled every available
bit of space in St. Paul's Metbodist
church &t Birmingham heard bis ad
dress, which was the feature of the
day's work. He pleaded for greater
interest in Negro education, paid a
high tribute to the work of the Meth
odist Episcopal church in providing
educational institutions for all people,
and showed the unmistakable duty
of the Negro of today to help more
largely in the education of tbe Negro
Just what was being done at Cen
tral Alabama college, the local institu
tion maintained by the church for Ne
groes at Mason City, was told by the
speaker. Tbe choir from the school
rendered music for the occasion.
An electric motor no bigger than a
watch is said to produce one horse
men like Major Moton—clean, whole
some, hlgh-souled gentlemen under
black skins—that I have received a
kind of education no books could im
part. Whatever disadvantages one
may suffer from being a part of what
is called an 'inferior race,' a member
of such a race has the advantage of
not feeling compelled to go through
the world, as some members of other
races do, proclaiming their superior
ity from the housetops. There are
some people in this world who would
feel lonesome, and they are not all of
them wbite people either, if tbey did
not have someone to whom they could
claim superiority."
When a Sunbury (Pa.) man pulled
his horse out of the well into which
the thoughtless equine had fallen he
found attached to one of Its shoes a
rusty bucket containing more than
93,000 in Spanish gold. The money is
supposed to have belonged to a her
mit whom legend assigns residence in
tbe vicinity 50 or more years ago.
Small practice can lead to great per
fection in the art of laziness.
Four hundred years ago the aver
age length of human H.e was between
eighteen and twenty years. One hun
dred years ago the average human life
was less than thirty. The average hu
man life today reaches nearly forty
Switzerland now owns tbe St. Ooth
ard tunnel and railway.:.
The Brazilian government estimates
next year's revenue at .$169,600,000,
And expenditures at 1174,264,000.
The boil weevil did about $30,000,
009 dama^eto the cotton crop In
1913. Nearly 18,000 square miles of
new territory', became infested during
the year.
'An ecllpse of the' moon la like all
other shows tojwhiqft no'entrance fee
la charged. IE it Is anything worth
wfctyi ytfu MMftpK a ticket
Land of Graves Shows War's
Greatest Desolation.
Wo". Depressing Than Belgium or
East Prussia Is Picture of Ruin
and Destruction Over Vast
Area of Country.
Warsaw.—Even more depressing
than parts of Belgium and East Prus
sia,' the worst parts,' Is Poland—a
lt»jd of graved and trenches, of ruin
and destruction on a scale that has
been prrougbt nowhere else by the
war. The conflict his been waged
back and forth across the ancient
kingdom so long that agriculture has
had but little chance, and, except in
those sections where the German
forces have been In control for some
time, the fields are barren and un
titled, scarred by miles upon miles of
earth works.
From the East Prussian boundary
to approximately the old Rawka posi
tions there is visible the maximum
amount of order and peaceful quiet.
At the Rawka, however, theintermin
able graves with their helmet adorned
crosses, the deep slashes in the earth
that once were trenches but now are
the temporary "homes" of countless
refugees, the maze of partly destroyed
barbed wire entanglements and tbe
succession of burned and ruined vil
lages begin.
For miles, between Alexandrovo oh
the boundary and Warsaw, and be
tween Warsaw and Lodz, the old
trenches line the railroad, while
graves, individual and common, line
tbe trenches. Eastward of Warsaw,
however, the trenches virtually stop,
for tbe Russians moved fast once they
abandoned the capital of Poland. The
trenches stop, but the devastated vil
lages do not Rather they increase in
number, and there is scarcely a rail
road station—and no bridges—left
The Poles from time immemorial
have been accustomed to building
their thatched cottages—huts would
be a better word—close together. Ac
cordingly, it was necessary only to set
lire to one structure in order to burn
them all. In consequence, countless
villages have been reduced to forlorn
rows of chimneys, which, being of
brick and stoutly built, resisted tbe
Unlike tbe cities of Poland, the
country seems to have been stripped
of young men. One sees little else
than peasant women, barefoot, ill
Clad, who struggle under bundles of
'wood through tbe mud, and who gen
erally avert their eyes as strangers
The Germans, partly for their own
benefit, partly to give employment to
the Poles, have doae much to put the
notoriously bad roads in shape. They
have also altered the railroad from the
Russian to the German gauge—a stu
pendous work, for all the main lines
are now double track, and at Impor
tant points huge yards have had to be
built to conform to military needs.
Tbe destruction in many parts of
Poland is so general that village after
village hasno single house standing.
Both soldiers and'the'Civil population
have bad to rely on their Inventive
ness to obtain shelter, and all along
the railroad lines freight cars, Russian
and German, are being used as houses.
In tbe case of the Russian cars the
wheels have been removed, the cars
have been set flat on the ground and
tbe interiors fitted up with some de
gree of comfort.
Carried Baby 280 Miles on Rack.
South Bethlehem, Pa.—Joseph Dane
arrived here after a remarkable
trip from a northern Canadian town.
Danzko carried his ten-month-old baby
2fi0 miles
on his back, Indian style,
sustained Ha life by feeding it
with crackers and water.
Surprise for PenneytvanMrii ill R*
tumFrem vacation—Walter
Lewtsburg, Pa.—When Prof. Nor
aaa Stewart of Bucknel! onlyerslty
wife returned home from.
Left to right- Sergt fclliott C'owdln Sergt Norman Prince of Boston and
Llent- William Thaw, three American birdmen who. for daring deeds on tbe
battlefields of Prance, bare been decorated for bravery, and came back to tbe
United States to spend Christmas with their folks at bome. Each has received
tbe military medal and the war medal, tbe latter being tbe French equivalent
of tbe Iron Cross of Oermany. Already tbey have returned to their duty at
the front
Spend Two Months in Maine Woods
to Prove Man Can Survive
in Wilderness.
Boston.—Tbe weather sometimes
gets cold in the Maine woods. In fact,
it is said the mercury hibernates in
the thermometer bulbs when tbe
spruce trees start popping. And there
are wild animals there, too—deer, por
cupine, rabbits and even bears. There
is no steam heat and there is not a
delicatessen about tbe place.
But all tbeee things did not prevent
Walter F. Bates and bis 114-pound wife
from proving to their friends that they
could live in the woods for two
months, kill their own food and pro
vide their own clothing, and come out
in better health than when tbey went
The lives of Omg and bis mate Ik
of tbe paleozoic age were copied by
the Estes couple. In tbe warmer
weather when tbey first entered the
forest their clothing was made of
leaves and vines. Then came winter's
blasts and snow and ice. They wore
then tbe skins of deer and other
smaller animals tbey bad caught in
deadfalls. Mrs. Estes. by tbe way,
was responsible for the first deer cap
ture. One bad ruu afoul of their trap
and, when she discovered it, the ani
mal was about to escape. Mrs. Estes
flung her arms about its neck in true
primitive style and hung on, too. until
ber mate arrived.
Tbe flesh of tbe animals they
trapped, with fish, nuts and berbs
made up their menu for the two
months. Mrs.. Estes came back to civi
lization—centered in BoBton in this
case—heavier, and insisting that wom
an can stand hardships today just as
well as ber "superior" mate.
Never Having Used Final "e" In 8pell
Ing "Corpse". Woman Mlsunder
stands Message'
Portland, Ore.—Never having used
the final "e" in her own spelling of
the word "corpse," Mrs. Marceline
Germain of Donaldson, Mich., was
prostrated with grief upon receipt, of
an official communication announcing'
the fact that ber brother, Joseph Ell
Jollicouer, had Joined the United
States marine corps and had named
her as next of kin to be notified In
case of death.
"If my brother Is a corps, of What
did he die?" she wrote to Capt H.
Swain in charge of the local recruiting
station of the United States marine
corps, who bad enlisted tbe man and
was responsible for the notification.
The recruiting officer, by return
mall, bade the sorrowing .sister cease
moarnlsg. and assured ber that, the
"corps" to which her brother had late
l)r attached himself was the ''livest'
kind of an organlsaitloa..
keytiole. rang the doort^ll. A well
drMsed fellow responded.
"Wbst are you doing heref the
professor asked the stranger.
"I'm here on a tislfc" was tha re
"Whf, thltf la my house, and that
Ip my suit you ara wearing the pro
fessor declared.
tHa stranger atuwwted to escape,
profeasor speeded in locking
him her husband
•I, M#
Interned British Naval Officer
Flees From Denmark.
Takes Back Promise Not to Try
Escape. Then Makes Get-Away
While Doubly Guarded Day
and Night.
London. Lieutenant Commander
Layton. a British naval officer who
was interned at Copenhagen, has Just
made bis escape in exciting circum
stances. and arrived here
At first be was allowed by the
Danes a fair amount of liberty on pa
role, but a few days after his intern
ment began be went to the command
ant of the barracks and told him he
wished to take back the word of hon
or be bad given not to try to escape.
The commandant, interpreting this
as an intimation that be would en
deavor to escape, told Layton that be
would have to have him very closely
watched. His quarters were placed
under double guard, and there always
seemed to he three or four sentries
watching bis movements. The pros
pect of escaj'2 seemed small, and. to
make matters worse. Dayton was
seized with a violent influenza cold,
which prostrated bim for tbe time be
Two sentries stood at the door of
his room, and they never seemed to
lelax their vigilance. They were con
stantly looking through the peephole
in the door of Layton's room, to see
that matters were all right.
Tbey did it as usual on the partic
ular evening that he escaped. Things
were apparently quite in order, and
their prisoner was apparently lying on
tbe bed. As a matter of fact, he was
not, and at a moment wben tbe at
tention of one of the sentries was en
gaged and the other had been sent on
an errand. Layton opened the door
and slipped into another room, where
be found a thick serge civilian suit.
In due course he found himself at a
window overlooking tbe street, and
with a rope wbicb be had discovered
he lowered himself Into a street.
The barracks were on an island, and
for better security patrols had been
placed everywhele. The escaping of
ficer met two of them, but succeeded
by a ruse in passing them.
His next obstacle was tbe canaL
The night was dark and bitterly cold,
there being several degrees of fro:*,
but, clothed as he was, Layton took
tbe most direct course, and swam for
it In spite of the fact that he was
still suffering from Influenza he did
this successfully, and having got to
land, he took off bis clothes and
wrung them out. so as to show no ob
vious signs of water.
On the ferry boat be turned himself
into a ^porter, and managed to get a
job of carrying a passenger's-bag to
the station. There he boarded train,
and in due course reached tbe dock
side, where he caught a train to Chris
He used several disguises during
the remainder ot his voyage to Chris
tianla. Just succeeded in escaping de
tection, and finally sailed from Bergen
to England. On the boat to England
a passenger asked him if it was true
that he was an American. He replied
that he was, whereupon his fellow
traveler remarked:
"If you were not so darned sure
about it, 1 should say you were a
British naval officer."
When the travel-stained young Eng
lishman, without money, presented
himself before a transport officer at
tbe British port, he was not unnatural
ly looked upon with suspicion, but he
was soon able to establish his iden
Matin 8ays Artificial Palate Was
Considered by French Specialists
Before War.
Paris.—The Matin revives the story
that the kaiser is suffering from can
cer. The paper says a telegram dis
played at Zurich on December 24
said that the court physicians at Ber
lin were of the opinion that the kai
ser's illness is due to a fresh mani
festation of cancer.
The Matin adds that a practitioner
living in Paris was consulted by the
German emperor th.ee months before
the war concerning the manufacture
of an artificial palate if a serious op
eration on the kaiser's throat were
Ten, Sent One Year Apart, Have
Gone Through to Destination
Without a Mishap.
Federalsburg, Md.—About ten years
ago Henry P. Wright of Aberdeen be
gan sending to his sister here, Mrs.
Mary Fleetwood, a silver dollar
though the mall as a Christmas pres
ent Recently the annual dollar ar
rived with Mrs. Fleetwood's address
on one side and a two-cent stamp on
the other. In the ten years that
Wright has been sending these unique
remembrances to his sister not one
has been lost or stolen, neither has it
failed to arrive on time.
Home-Made Wireless Kills Girl.
Astoria, N. Y.—Maty Roskinsgy was
electrocutes! when she came In con
tact with the aerials of an amateur
wlrefass instrument In her employ
er's home. The aerials bad crossed
with a wire of the electric light plant,
which had sagged as a result of a
en berg, .' and
county Jail.
intruder if in the
Rbame, N, D.—While Joe Men was
out with a herd' of cattle he eipied a
large bird sitting on a butte a short
distance away, and aucceeded in crip
jp^ing It *lth his rifle, thereby enabling
him to klll tbeblrd. It proved to be i»
rare specimen of the black or desert
sagie 6f the Nevadaa, and measured
ee lrom tlp l»I
Commend u» to the man who doe*
agres with you
misfit well so
am) talk to an echo as to the person
to everything you «ay.
A delicious dessert is made by piling
charlotte russe mixture on pieces
chocolate cake. An
other combination
with charlotte
russe Is the orange
marmalade, using
it as a garnish and
serving the char
lotte in sherbet
glasses. The com
bination is especially pleasing.
Pineapple Tcast.—Add a little sugar
to the sirup in a can of pineapple, us
ing half of a can of fruit for this dish.
Add a tablespoonful of lemon Juice
and boil three minutes then add the
slices of pineapple and keep the whole
hot Cut rounds of sponge cake, but
ter and dredge with sugar, then set in
the oven to brown. When ready to
serve set a round of pineapple on the
round of cake and pour over the sauce.
Hashed Lamb With Rice and Peas.—
Chop fine edible portions of cold
cooked !amb, to the meat add a little
of the broth or gravy and boiling wa
ter, season well with salt and pepper
and heat very hot. Place the meat on
a hot platter, surround with cooked,
seasoned rice and surround the rice
with seasoned green peas or the
canned variety.
Curried Potatoes.—Peel a small
onion and cut into thin rings melt
three tablespoonfuls of butter in a
frying pan and cook the onion until
it is softened and yellow add six or
eight sliced potatoes, sprinkle with
salt, pepper and a level teaspoonful of
curry powder, stirred smooth, with a
cupful of broth simmer ten minutes.
Squeeze over the juice of half a lem
on, turn and serve very hot.
A delicious combination when one
desires something especially dainty is
creamed celery with shredded al
monds. Prepare a rich cream sauce,
add cooked, tender celery and the al
monds. Serve in timbale cases or patty
Baked Ham.—The Swedish people
use the following covering over a ham
while baking. Take two cupfuls of
bread crumbs, four tablespoonfuls of
vinegar, one tablespoonful of mustard,
one egg and a dash of pepper and salt
to season, spread over the ham before
baking. It forms a delicious crust and
keeps in all the flavor of the meat.
If thou of fortune be bereft.
And ln thy store there be but left
TWo loaves—sell one, and with the
Buy hyancinths to feed thy soul.
Pineapple juice is one of the whole
some nonalcoholic drinks which maybe
bought in bottles or can
be put up at home. The
on a a ii a
pineapple is now well
known and appreciated
HHI all over the country.
Medical scientists have
been experimenting for
years with the fruit and
juice to discover its
therapeutic qualities. It
has been decided by these experts
that while pineapple juice is not a
cure-all it is especially good for the
digestive organs and a great benefit to
sufferers of sore throat. It is also
used in the treatment for tubercu
losis. It is a delightful drink served
with carbonated water or simply as
one does grape juice.
All cooks who use gelatin with pine
apple know that they need to use
more of the gelatin with pineapple
than with other juices' as it shows its
digestive power on gelatin.
Regents Punch.—Take the Juice of
three lemons, one pound of sugar, two
quart bottles of pineapple juice a'
quart of strong Oolong tea and a quart
of carbonated water.
Fruit Punch.—Take two lemons,
two oranges sliced thin, add two quarts
of pineiapple juice, one quart of fine
large strawberries or raspberries, one
quart of Apollinaris water and a
pound of sugar. Serve with plenty
of ice.
Pineapple Punch.—Add to the juice
of three lemons a pound of sugar,
three quarts of pineapple juice and
alx slices of pineapple, cut In pieces.
Serve in a punch bowl with a quart
of carbonated water and a large piece
of ice. This- will serve a small com
pany liberally. Let stand a while to
get thoroughly cold and feomewhat di
luted with the ice.
Pineapple juice may be used in any
number of ways as desserts. A de
licious frappe is the following: Boil
A spring attachment to prevent the
lid falling off feature* a recently pat
ented tea kettle. 4
Operated entirely by ^.electricity, a
dry dock in Holland can lift vessels
of 8,000 tons register.'
An inventor in Russia has developed
a method lor making felt boots and
knit goods from dog hair.
A holder' for .Ice cream cones has
been invented that enables them to
be filled without danger of breaking.
Xta transporting meat a refrigerator
car hss bwfa invented in, England that
la claimed to maintain a temperature
as even as in the more elaborate re
frtgeration plants of oce&n-gotng
A motor beat that hsjf jbeeo Invented
that stefcrs with exceptional speed and
accuracy under all ctaditlons carries
Ita motor and propelling mechanism lit
a hollow fin that also'serves as a keel,
Notchea on the aides toture a hew
board for holding wilting' paper, the
Idea being that rubber hande cat£b*
placed over them td guide a person'a
ottr nnrtti^d papfr.
together for a quarter of an hour, one
and a half pints of water with two
cupfuls of sugar. Pour the hot sirup
over a can of grated pineapple, then
add the Juice of three lemons, and let
stand until cold. Strain and add a
pint of pineapple Juice and a pint of
water. Freeze to a mush.
These dishes are not for daily use
in the ordinary household, as they are
either too much work to
prepare or are too ex
Fillets of Game or
Chicken.—Cut the meat
from the bones in wide
strips and cook it in
well-buttered skillet un
til brown, then add a
tablespoonful of butter,
two tablespoonfuls of
currant Jelly and the strained gravy
left from the first cooking of the fowl,
or venison. Have molded a ring of
rice, place in the oven after spreading
with butter and brown. Serve on a
round dish and put the fillets in the
center with the sauce poured over. A
teaspoonful of curry and a teaspoonful
of chutney added to the sauce will
add variety to this dish.
Eggs With Cheese.—Beat six eggs
slightly with a fork. Place in a chaf
ing dish a tablespoonful of butter, and
when this is melted and hot add two
tablespoonfuls of grated cheese. 'Stir
until smooth, then add the-eggs and
season with paprika and salt. Cook
until the eggs are scrambled. Serve
on toast.
Nesselrode Pudding.—Make a cus
tard of three cupfuls of milk, 1% cup
fuls of sugar, the yolks of five eggs
and a half teaspoonful of salt, strain
and cool add a pint of thin cream, a
fourth of a cupful of pineapple sirup
and 1% cupfuls of cooked and mashed
chestnuts. The nuts are put through
a strainer after cooking. Line a two
quart melon mold with a part of the
mixture and to the remainder add one
half a cupful of candied fruit, cut' in
bits, a quarter of a cupful of sultana
raisins and eight chestnuts broken in
pieces and soaked in cherry juice for
a few hours. Fill a mold, cover, pack
in salt and ice and let stand two
hours. Serve with whipped cream,
sweetened and flavored with Maraschi
no sirup.
Bombe Glacee.—Line a mold with
sherbet or water ice,' fill .with ice
cream or thin charlotte russes, cover,
pack in ice and salt and let stand two
hours. Macaroon ice cream is an
other good combination.
Dumplings are a great emergency
dish when the chicken or stew seems
too small for the
family. A nice fluf
fy lot of dumplings
at of a
makes a most sat
isfying sight.
one beaten egg to a
cupful of milk, a little salt and two
teaspoonfuls of baking powder, sifted
with flour enough to make a mixture
stiff Enough to drop from the spoon.
Flours differ so in thickening power
that no exact measurement can be
given. Drop them on the boiling stew
with a teaspoon and they will cook in
eight minutes. Leave them covered
during the entire time so they will be
puffy and light.
Bread Dumplings.—Just before put
ting the bread into the pans, take out
about half a loaf, add butter and make
small biscuits. Let rise a few minutes
until about the size of a walnut. Drop
these in the hot broth and cook, care
fully covered, twenty minutes. If larg
er dumplings are made the time must
be longer for the cooking.
Potato Dumplings.—To a pint of
milk add a beaten egg, a little salt, a
cupful of mashed, hot seasoned potato,
and flour to make a drop batter. Add
two teaspoonfuls of baking powder to
the last of the flour, mixing well. Drop
in small spoonfuls in chicken or beef
broth and cook twenty minutes.
Potato Dumplings With Sauce.—
Cook and rice six medium sized pota
toes add a pint of bread crumbs,
browned in butter, also two well beat
en eggs and salt enough to season.
Form in twelve balls and Bteam twen
ty minutes place oh a dish and pour
over them a half cupful of melted but
Sauce.—Brown one teaspoonful of
onion and a tablespoonful of flour in
two tablespoonfuls of butter, then
add a cupful of cider vinegar and stir
until it boils, season with salt to taste.
Although Asia has many high moun
tain ranges It has fewer large water
falls than any other continent:
A Nebraska inventor has patented
a counter-balanced gate that swings
vertically inUead of horizontally.
Swedish chemists have developed a
new higb explosive for military pur
poses from perchlorlde of ammonia.
A speed Indicator to bo Carried on
the back of automobiles registers on
a plainly visible segmqut, which is
illuminated at night with lights of.Va
rious colors to show different speeds.
A Swiss process for the manufacture
of aluminum foil consists of coating
sheets of the metal with oil, folding
or ,piling IT number of them' together
and rolling them until they are aa thin
as desired.
A Frenchman has invented a proi
ess for Solidifying petroleum for safety
in transportation by the addition of a
aohttioh of soap, it being possible to
burn .the resfclting combination or to
,rtmdy|. the soap with alcohol.
Ca^. q^' the peninsula of Massa
longer a cape. It has
beravjWda^tflP lplaad by tha. cample?
hp*, Cod tanaL

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