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TB* office of the lkralil beiiig well suppli^ifwltli a great variety of JobjType, the Proprietor is pre pared to execute in thfc neatest style, IN ALL ITS VARIOUS BRANCHES tcj) as LABELS, BILLS OF LAMVO, BALI TICKETS, JUSTICES' BLANKS, BLANK DKKDS, &c. II. MUICKAVB, holt sale and Reiki Grocer, Forwarding and Cammissiom tMirchtwt, and Healer ia Produce, BLOOMINGTOX, IWA TERRITORY. ADAM oLlLVIC, forwarding- and Cmunission Merchant, Iowa. W. F. DttWEBkR, forwarding and Commission Merchant, BLO DM I xo* v, I, T. •CD* Having been appoinlul Public Auctioneer'for Muscatine county, he is at |l times leady to attend to sales in that way. B7~ COVTLL, S U E O N A N I Y S I 1 A 1 WYOMIXGAL T.W DOCTOR CHESN'.T »ST .I:TR AN!) Orvics 01 EE, BiTWEEN Second street, Drug store. A I FltOJTT S(.CO*l DR». & 1EEDER r*piVTiiCviirSMITH AVE :*cvut !nV, viccs to th2 public generally. (j^rOtlice on ar Holiinsswortli s TaUor. (j^Sao* ox SKCOXD STSIKET $*OSITK THE POST OFFICE. WM. G. WOODW «D, A O N E Y A A W eLOOMINGTON, I IRAD C. DA* A O N E Y A A W BtooMisoTox, IOWA V.N, nr^OfSce on Second Street, thindoor below the Post Offic?. Recorder's Office in thsamc building T. S. PARVLV^ A O N E Y A lA,W i BLOOMIXGTON, I. T. I GGOBGE GREEN! Attorney and Counsellor Law, MARIO.V, LIxx Co., LI J. W. PARKER, ATTORNEY AT DAVEXPOnT, I. T. WILLIAM R. RANKI ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOli Tirros, CfiUAR Co., I. ']J Will practicc in the several courts of tl 5 O W A I N & O 1 1 1 HOUSE, SIGN AND ORNAAi S ,arSc I LAW |crritory WM. B. TYSO\,] Any business entrusted to him wii ffWMpt attention, and be executed in a worl **"1Bauer. 4-ay Blooniington, Nc ir,f ON M£I2II3i($IJL£L^T.r7£ WHEELLISL iy®» B. HARGRA V ES will attend to tic business, in all its various branches, ^ti Bess accuracy and daspatch. Also, Glazing a iog. IRON pi NaTls^ assortment of Iron, K Spikes, directly from the"ta*nafact** fcrnfer^ash. joapf a *®N,)!i6AHBLA WHISKku W.hi8kgy 10 o« hand 1Bd for Tels To shade me from its glare! «4tow soon 'twill fell unheeded on \s. This death-dew'd bloom, And Tam wlththe dead. The stinshino quivers on my cheek**. Glilt'ring, and gay, and fair, A« if it knew my hand too weak glassy eye! v" 'C/Why do they fear to tell me jt I know that sol W' I mast die! The summer winds breathe softly tbrougH My lone, still, dreary Eve after eve the sun prolong! His hour of parting light* And seems to make my farewell hoots Too fair, too heavenly bright! I know the loveliness of cartfa I love the evening sky, And yet I should not murmur, if They told me I must die v room, A lonelier find stiller one Awaits me in the tomb! cut no soft breeze will whisper theiv No mother hold my head! ft is a fearful thing to be A dweller with the dead. v ji My play-mates turn aside theif When parting with me no|r e nurse that tended me b^c, Now Soothes my aching brow. Ah! why are those sweet cradlcd hosn Of joy and fondling fled I Not e'en my parents' kisses n$w Could keep mc from the dead! Permanent Prospective Pre-EmtfMen Iaud, DEBATE IN THE SENATE. TUESDAV, Jan. 5, 1841. Mr. CRITTENDEN, ot Kentucky, Gen. Har- son'gjjew Attorney General, offered jhe following amendment to the pre-emption bill, which Tie sup ported in a speech of considerable length: Provided, That no person being an alien, shall be entitled to any privilege or right of settlement or pre-emption granted by this act, exeppt only such as shall previously have made in due form of law, the declaration ofin tenlion, required, by the naturalization laws of the United States, to become a citizen of the said United States." Mr. BUCHANAN went against the "whole and each of its parts. In relation to the first clause, lie held that the foreigners who pene trated to the Western frontier of our vast country, and there settled upon and cultivated a tract of land, presented the clearest proof, and that by the most decisive actions, of his intention to becomes* eitizen of the United States. How can it be contended that this was no proof of such an intention? The whole conduct of such a man manifested that he was determined to live and die by the soil. In what devotion to our institutions, than iolKiv* transferred his home from his native country to the far West, and there to have felled the forest and crected a dwelling (he would not say log-cabin, for lie had no reason to be par tial to that name.) for himself and his family? He thus acquired, not the title to the tract of land which he had selected, hut merely the right to purchase and pay for it at the Govern ment price, in preference to all other persons. If he should prove unable to do tnis, his labor was all forfeited. Mr. B. could assure the Senator, that from such aliens as these he need apprehend no danger of foreign influence.— These pioneer farmers were not the men from whom lie had any Miing to dread. He should never consent to destroy the title of such a man, after he liad paid for iiis land, and thus to render all his toils and privations unavail ing, merely because through negligence he might not have gone to a court of justice, and made a formal declaration of bis intention to become a citizen of the United States, before his actual settlement commenced. No. never! His judgment ar his feelings would equally revolt against such an act. He (Mr. B.) could not understand the oppo sition which had been manifested in certain quarters to foreigners, who had sought a ref uge and a home in our country. Had they not materially assisted in achieving our indepen dence In the days of the Revolution no such jealousy was felt towards the brave Irishmen, Frenchmen, and Germans, who, side by side with our native citizens, had fought the bat tles of liberty. On the contrary, he had no doubt, it was from a grateful sense of these services, that it had ever been the settled poli cy of the government to allow them to pur chase our vacant lands upon tiM same terms with the American citizens. Waa there no reason for pursuing the same policy at the present day Was it not clearly our interest as a nation to permit such emi grants to purchase and possess our vacant lands, and thus establish a line of defence on our frontier against the incursions of the sav age enemy This was a wise policy which he trusted might never be abandoned. But the Senator [Mr. Crittenden] made light of the danger from the hordes of savages, which, wisely or unwisely, had been collected on our western frontier: and he thought it was degrading to ed'and American citizens to be protect- detended by any foreigner not yet nat aralisil* eir n States, wit and wounded prid riowards them naturally in any time, at all times there wa a united war being waged by the& ges against our frontier settlements. W all know that it is the nature of the Indian ,brood over his vengeance, and to strike th# most dreadful blow when his enemy least ex pects it. Was it not then clearly the policy o the Government to increase the number of in habitants on that frontier? And if an Irish, a German, ofra*French emigraat thought pro per to settle there, was he (Mr. B.) to be cen sured for having declared that their bosoms would become bulwarks against the incursions of our savage enemy? These brave men would always be ready to die in defence of those possessions which this Government had permitted theni first to improve and then to purchase. But the Senator thought it would be degra ding to Americans to resort to such a deface. Mr. B. well knew that the blood of DoVjwlas could protect itself." He knew that our own citizens could protect their country but how they could be degrded by fighting in the same ranks with foreigners, as our revojutionary forefathers had done, be was utterly at a loss to conceive. This wa.* a species of exalted pride which he did not understand. And this too, when these foreigners, united with our own citizens, were defending their common posses sions and their home's.- It was certain that such men would become citizens as soon as they could under cur naturalization laws but if any of them, either ignoranlly or from neg ligence had omitted to make a formal declara tion of their intention to this effect, he would liever deprive them of their pre-emption, nnd drive then* from their home? for this reasoij.— He could not, therefore, give his support to the firt clause of the Senator's intendment On the second clause of the amendment He should say nothing, as lie did not deem it necessary, and would not, therefore, protract the debate, into which he had entered with much reluc tance. Mr. CRITTENDEN, in reply to Mr. Bu chanan, defended his position with ztal and ability, denying thnt it was introduced through a feeling of hostility to foreigners, but at the same time boldly asserting that it was* the policy of the government not to confer equal privileges upon the foreigner and the native born citizen. Mr. BUCHANAN would slay a few words8' in reply. The Senator from Kentucky is a good logician, and, unless he were closely watched would gel the better of his antagonist even in si bad cause." His sophistry upon the present occasion consists in attempting to in ter from my argument that I was in favor of substituting an actual settlement upon a tract of the public land for the declaration of inten tion required of every foreigner before he can hecolne an American citizen. It would be very easy for the Senator lo triiimph, if lie were permitted to substitute his own forced inference for my own express declaration to the contrary. With this view, lie triumphant ly asks if I would be willing to change our naturalization laws by rendering a residence on our vacant la: ds (equivalent to the declara tion of intention which these laws require?— Now, I ask him in return, have I ever said that I would Have 1 ever intim-xted such an intention? On jjie contrary, have I not ex oressly declared that I would not grant to any foreigner "TiPliUlflts UTH-|UEIJ u..n i wuuiu iiui IU er. Whilst Kentucky, deny to the foreigner the right to the pre-emption which he has fairly acquired by the dangers and privations encountered in making a settlement on our remote frontier, 1 would not, for this reason, confer upon him the high political privileges of an American citizen. The Senator's argument, therefore, in this particular, falls to the ground. It has no foundation, in any thing which I have said, to rest upon. The right of pre-emption is one thing but the high privilege of becoming an American citizen is another and entirely dif ferent matter. And what, after tU, it tfikis great privilege of pre-emption? To what does it amount? What is its intrinsic value It is merely a contest between the speculator and the actual settler, as to whether the former shall be per mitted to purchase the spots of land improved nnd rendered valuable by the toil of the latter. Our experience has demonstrated that the av erage excess of the price of the public lands advertised and sold at public sale, in pursu ance of the President's proclamation, is not more than two or three cents per acre above the fixed price of the Government at private sale. What, then, is the privilege granted to the settler who goes into the wilderness, clears away the forest, and there establishes his home? Does this bill offer such a man a do nation Not at all. Does it grve him the land as a bounty No such thing.—-The pri vilege that it confers is tiiat he shall pay lor his land the price fixed by law, which may be less, by two or three cents per acre, than it would command at public sale and that after lie lu« paid for uished L-HJ '"v. it, he shall hold it. And why, at Ibis fate day, for the first time in your tory, should you make an odious distinction, in this small matter, between the settler who had drawn his first breath on the other side of the Atlantic, and the American citizen? No such distinction had ever existed heretofore, and no in' es tor sire questio towards or shall set pricniples of thif»^ more. Ffi policy to permit tie upon the public the first time, esia against them in a now, at this late policy of the country, hi? shall pursue the system adop of our predecessors. .xuy set .sMiidiimiJaws ,jllCr „oi' I should not, with the Senator from rana liprn ^iwl pvprir U'hprp nunhl I, his complaint had ever breu uttered by those interested, that this tntiiag privilege had been conferred upon foreigners. If the Senator had carefully read the history of his country—1 mean on this particular point—I myself have not, but the fact has beeu me by one who has-—what But the Senator has asked willing to accord-ithese privilege "so jealous o£ foreigners holding a in a petty litt^p hank." This questio1 ende ivor to answer. Sir, said Mr. B. the class of foreigners who do produce in my mind—they excite my terror. BSNTON Yes, the millionaires."] These' are not the men who fly from poverty and op pression abroad, and settle in cur country to share in its toil as well as its advantages.— They are not the poor pre-emptioner* of the West, who have indissolubly fixed their fate with ours, and have no other human hope bul to live and die upon our soil. No sir, no.— Very far from it. The foreign stockholders in our banks have uo intention of becoming American citizens. Their object is to increase their'own fortune by the spoils of our land, to suck our young life blood .r the purpose of strengthening -and invigorating the decaying institutions of other countries. They seek to acquire a political influence over us that they may turn it to their own advantage and our de struction. Of such a foreign influence I con fess that-1 am jealous, firmly believe that the day on which you sUftll establish a new national bank in this country, with a capital of one hundred millions of dollars, and with the power of spreading its branches over every portion of the Union, and more especially if you shall permit foreigners to hold the stock, will be the darkest and most portentious which has ever shone over the Republic. From that day we shall most probably forfeit not only our liuerly but our independence. Ycu will then concentrate and fortify a central money ipower, foreign and domestic, in this countr^, which will exercise a controlling, an overwhelming influence over its destinies. Senators them selves may live to rue the day when they call ed such a vast, such an irresponsible power in to existence. It is sncti a foreign influence that 1 dread, and not the "log-cabin men" of the far West, (I thought I never should have used the expression,) whose fortune and whose fate are necessarily identified with that of the country, ll is the foreign millionaire who seeks lo control the politics of the country for interest and kS to Control ttie politics ot III) purpose of .promoting his own tlt9^nlgWnfe, CfWm W!rwTropmm£ cans here and every where ought to be jealous. The Senator has said, and he appeared to place some stress on the argument, that some vast country beyond the Rocky Mountains might be settled by foreigners under this law, they might sell it out to every body and any body they thought proper. But this country could not be settled under the provisions of the present bill, until the Indian title should be extinguished, and when the Indian title should be extinguished in that region, Con gress may then establish such la.ws lor its set tlement as may be suitable to its condition.— The Senator has gone far away for this argu ment. It will be a long time, notwithstanding the sanguine expectation of some Senators, before this can become a practical question. Before that day it is probable that the Senator and myself will have passed from the thesitre of public action. In regard to this remote question, which has been invoked as an argu ment to affect the present interests and policy of the country, he would answer in the words of the other Senator frcm Kentucky, [Mr. CLAV,] on a late memorable occa sion. When he was appealed to a few days ago to inform tl|e country what he intend ed lo introduce as a substitute for the Inde pendent Treasury, in case he should succeed in repealing it, his answer was, "suffi jent lor the day is the evil thereof." We must not look too far ahead. When the time shall arrive for ^onsideriiig the Oregon question, I hope there will be wisdom enough to settle it aright. We are yet far'on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains and hordes of Indians oc cupy the intervening space. MR. CRlTTfcNDKN said of course it must be natural for him to desire to escape as soon as lie could from any contest with the Senator from Pennsylvania it was one in which of course h6 could hope to gain but little. Yet he did noi||lmii gistrate an intention would have found in relation to these now despised forei40#r»? if Si he than V: Ate- the it to have been such very bad logic that 111 she i Id have imputed to him the sentiment ofprgfcrring a settlement on the pub lic lands to written declaration before a ma as «test'on the part of a to become True, it was not to alter the furnish- insist that oib&r, ami if the one for the other The foreigner of an American citizen in terms that he proposed so law, but Uie Senator certainly did the ott»«et^forded better evidence so, why not substitute Senator would not, of ooorae, oppoi» the obiawing of the bett*ti* was nol feared. fear that he lii but as a matter of princip! The Senator, however, was lei deed, cf those formidable Europel aires who come among us only to dr^Tn our strength and suck our blood. While the Sen ator was speaking so feelingly on this subject, he could not but be reminded of the Spanish proverb 44 Many a man who comes for wool goes away shorn." He thought that some of these European capitalists could perhaps.tell him so. The gentleman was much' terrified at .the thought of itie millionaire who sat in his splendid place in London, the owner of some stock in an American bank. The Senator seemed to apprehend that, like an electric rod, this little amount of American bank stock might prove the conductor to such amount of foreign influence as would electrify the whole laud, and threaten to blow up all our institutions and yet the honorable Senator was going to vote for a bill which would place an English man, a proud and haughty Englishman, who considered that allegiance to Q'jeen Victoria was his chief glory, and her authority the only one to which a Briton ought to bow, on the same footing with the native born American citizen. Of the influence ofysuch men here on our soil the Senator entertained not the small est apprehension, but seemed, on the contrary, rather disposed to cherish and increase it, to fortify tl by privileges, and nurture it with all aids and appliances which law could supply. Such men lie invited to enter the bosom olour land lo become lords of the soil hut the man, who, kept ii three thousand miles distant, with all the brjjadjee^o between him and us, hiir TTten5?imtor reared greatly. Well, hei(-Mr. CRITTENDKN) would not dispute the matter.— Some men were so constituted thai that ap peared very formidable to them which gave other men uo uneasiness at all, and one might as well dispute about tastes as to argup with -..men's fears. As to the question of a National Bank with a capital of a hundred millions, which the Sen ator told them was to subvert American liberty, and make us all the slaves of a great moneyed power, he would not now enter but he might as well tell the gentleman at once that he should rejoice iu the day, and he believed the Jay had come, when a great and overwhelming major ity of the people of the United Stales had be come satisfied that a National Bank was the only effectual remedy against all those suffer ings under which they had been groaning for the last twelve years. He (Mr. CRITTENDEN) was for a bank of the United Staees not for a Banl? with a capital of a hundred millions, governed by English Millionaires, but a Bank made and constituted by the people of the Uni ted States, owned, regulated and influenced by themselves but he repeated that he would no: now go into that subject. The question, and the only question at present to be decided was, whether we would put the foreigner, who made no declaration of his intention to become an American citizen, on the same footing with our own citizens. He required some evidence, and he asked only for the smallest modicum of evidence of the man's intention lo become an American citizen. Give him but this pre liminary requisite, and he was willing at once to include that man in all the benefits of the bill. Mr.-BUCHANAN said that the Senator ficm Kentucky should not transfer this battle to the west of the RocKy Mountains. With his good leave we shall feeep for the present on this side of tbeui. The present contest was cn the Indian frontier, and regarded tho rights which foreigners ought to acqyire by settling and cultivating lands within the limits 4 existing States and Territories, and not beyond the Rocky Mountains. And now, after all this discussion, what was the difference between the honorable Senator and myself? Why, sir, he has come more than half round. He has now become a good pre-emption man, and it in favor of granting the right of pre-emption to all foreigners, provided they have declared iBttttiu w bMOM AiNfiMB gaumm*1 r' our its wife fs done me injustice in MM. never either said or insinuated proclaim to the world that we ITJreigners to con.*. 7 tt»«y might protcct us from .. Tat I did say was, that it had long been'tUB tational policy, and one which I considered sound and wise, to encourage the settlement of our frontier as speedily as possible and if this should be done in part by foreigners, then in the hour of danger, their bodies would be our bulwark against a savage foe, just as sure» ly as the breasts of our own citizens. I can not vote for his amendment, because I am un willing that an ignorant.man, who may have acquired an equitable title to a pre-emption, shall forfeit it for want of having gone through a legal form. Mr. CRITTENDEN. 1 am anxious toes cape from any further participation inthiscon troversey but, according to the usages of the Senate, as I have offered an affirmative propo sition, it is necessary and proper that 1 should have the last word. The only disingenuous thing which the honorable Senator has said is contained in his last remark, that lam coming round, and, if my amendment prevails, shall vote for the bill. No I am not committed to vote for granting a pre-emption to any body. Mr. BUCHANAN. 1 did not say that the Senator would vote for the bill, for I am sure he will not. I said he would put foreigners on the same footing with American citizens, if they would only declare their intention to become suel* FLORIDA—A Totrcmwc Scerrs.—We have just read an account of the cruel murder, by a party of Indians, of Mrs. Montgomery, wife of Lieut. Montgomery, of the Army. Contrary to^instructions froth the war department, and til opposition to positive orders, issued by the commanding general, forbidding any escort to be sent from post to post, under thirty men, a wagon was despatched from Fort Micanopy' to Fort Wa«*ahoota, with only eleven mounted infantry, under command of Lieuts. Sherwood ,and Hopson. As the morning was fine, Mrt. Montgomery rode out with theirs About hour after ttieir departure, some of the horses returned to Fort Micanopy, without their riders, and shortly after two soldiers rode up and an« nounced that the party had been attacked, and Mrs. Montgomery and Lieut. Sherwood and several soldiers killed. The garrison immediately sallied out, within three miles of the fort found the ing corpse of Mrs. Montgomery, with dier still breathing, lying by her, with strength enough to say to her agonized who threw himself on the ground by his wife's bleeding body-—" Lieutenant, I fought for your wife as long as I could." Lieutenant Sher wood was well mounted, and might, it is re ported, have escaped, but be ble would an and bleed* a sol just husband s would don his fair charge. This believed, was committed by ces for the residence of ladies. son which renders it improper for on board of ships of war, might husbands to posts of danger. to be left free in moments of emergency, out the uneasiness of having not aban barbarous act, it is a band of the cru el and blood thirsty Mikasaukies. 'lite frontier posts of Florida are not fit pla The same rea them to be be urged against their being allowed to accompany their Officers ought with to protect help less women and children. Tfiis unfortunate lady had been only thrift weeks in Florida, and but lately married*** Globe. FUGITIVE SLAVES.—An Upper Canada pa per says, that withio the last four years than 12,000 runaway slatt* Nve made escape to Canada from (hi (Kilted States. more thafar What's your opinion of Old lip I** ftskei a friend of ours during the late PretHfamtia) canvass of a loafer notorious for his v Hitelily. Why, sir,** said he," if Gen. Hamsoil as much about hq}f of the sublunary lion as the other half knows abo0 feMfcjp cuum would result, whereby come orous andtotml Aim int* contact with ImmjjFrtfr according to ttieinatifatiea 4S»gUh?