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Bloomington herald. [volume] (Bloomington, Iowa) 1840-1849, April 12, 1844, Image 2

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FRIDAY, APRIL 12, 1841.
STATE GOVERNMENT.—WE have received
Sufficient returns from different counties in the
Territory, to render it certain that the decision
of the people is in favor of a State Govern
ment. The Lee Connty Democrat contains
the vote given at allthe precincts in that
ty save one, which shows that out of a vote
of 1059, 1019 were in favor of a Convention.
The same paper says that Van Boren gave up
wards of 900 majority for it. From the Ter
ritorial Gazette we learn that De9 Moines gave
a majority of 111 for it. Henry, Jeflferson,
Louisa, and Washington, are reported to have
given majorities in favor of it, probably ave
raging 50. The majority in its favor in John
son county is 157. From Cedar and Linn
we have nothing definite, but presume that
... .. I OART
The Express stales that in Dubuque precinct
a majority of 30 was cast for it, but presumes
it will be lost in the county. Cliuton, Jack
son, and Clayton will probably give a major­
ity of 150 in its favor, and Jones and Scott
about the 6amc majority against it. We have
no rrports from Mahaska, Keokuck, Wapello
©r Davis, and have not sufficient acquaintance
with them to enable us to calculate upon their
vote with any degree of certainty, but if they
partake of the feelings of their neighbors,
their vote will also be favorable to it. Party
politics have nowhere influenced the result to
any great extent.
This county cast a majority ef Uppeoty-flev
en against a convention.
The delegates to the convention are to be
chosen at the next August election, and the
Convention to meet in Iowa City on the f.rst
Monday in October next, for the formation of
a Constitution for the State of Iowa. '1 he
constitution adopted by that body is to be sub
mitted to the people, for their acceptance or
rejection, at the Spring election, in April next.
The Constitution will doubtless provide for
the election cf officers under its provisions at
the election in August, 1845, that al the next
session of Congress thereafter, we may be rea­
dy to «nter the Union.
THE SEASON—TRADE, &c.—The winter of
1012, '43 wa3 so long, and the weather so ex
tremely cold, that most of our new settlers be
came dissatisfied with the country, many of
there declaring the climate to severe for them,
and expressing an intention of seeking a mild
"s'daHy severe In attpartSTft me
such objections to our country may no longer
exist, we draw the following comparison be
tween that and last winter, from which our
distant readers will perceive that our winters
ura not always so long and severe as to make
them an objection to the country. In 1642,
the river closed opposite this place on the 20th
day of November, and opened on the twelfth
of April following, having been closed 133
days. Last winter the river blocked up with
ice opposite this place on the 23d day of Jan-^
uary, and opened again on the 8th of March,
Laving been closed up but 35 days, making a
difference of 68 days in favor of last winter.—
This day twelve months ago. the first steamer
arrived at this port, and now, upon an exami
Bation of a register kept at the Iowa House,
we find that the number of arrivals from above
and below amount to ninety-five. The weath
er is mild and pleasant, the forest trees are
fjsldressing themselves in their summer garb,
the peach trees are in full bloom, steam boats
are fast plying on the river, farmers find a
ready 9ale at a good price for all their produce,
old merchants are replenishing their stocks,
new oues coming in, purchasers plenty, drays
constantly rattling along our streets, hammers
rattling on the house tops, so everything looks
cheerful and encouraging.
MISSOURI.—The Democratic State Conven
tion which recently assembled at Jefferson
City, made the following nominations for Stale
officers: For Governor, Jno. C. Edwards
Lieut. Governor, James Young for Represen
tatives to Congress, Sterling Price, D. C. M.
Parsons, James B. Bowlin, James II. Relfe,
and Jno. S. Phelps. A resolution was adop
ted recommending to the Democracy of the
State to vote for no candidate for the Legisla
tuue who will not pledge himself, if elected,
to vote for Tho's H. Benton and D. R. Atchi
son, for Uoited States Senators. All the nom
inees, with the exception of Mr. Young, are
what are denominated the Hards," thev dif
fering with the Softs," on the currency
Penn, of the Reporter, being the leader of the
Softs," and of course opposed to Col. Ben
ion, is quite indignant at the result.
TUB SLASHER.—Old Shad Penn, of the
Missouri Ueportei, has commenced the
publication of a little paper bearing this ti
tie, to be published weekly until the Pres
idential election—price 50 cents. It lash­
es the Mill Boy of the Slaslma mj4» e&ii.
ty and an unsparing hind.
17" Jas. Jones, the person who was shot
in the row in St. Louis, on the' evening of the
municipal election, died of the wound on the
5th inst. No effort, says the Republican, has
been made to ascertain who it was that fired
upon the mob.
We have St. Louis papers to the 9lh
inst. The produce market is quite brisk, but
we observe no change in former prices worthy
of mention.
last, we took a hasty, and consequently an im
perfect notice of the rise, progress, and down
fall of this institution, promising to recur to
it again, giving an opinion as to the proper
course to be pursued by the people and their
representatives towards it, which promise we
shall proceed to fulfil. Since that time we
have 6een Maj. Mobley, cashier thereof, on
his way to Dubuque, for the purpose of revi
ving it, which renders the present a proper
time for the people to examine the matter, and
mature their minds as to the course most pro­
per to pursue in reference to it.
In giving our opinions upon
however little they may merit consideration,
we disclaim any desije to wrest from the hold
ers of its stock, any rights or privileges to
which they are legally or morally entitled.—
We shall consider the subject in a manner to
do full justice to the Bank, at the same time
maintaining the rights of ihe Legislative gov
ernment to protect the people, not only against
injuries threatened, but against the power of
a corporauou iu mmn
The right or power of a Legislative body
to repeal a charter granted to private compa
nies for specific objects, for violations and a
buses, is doubted by some, and disputed by
many, as often creating a protracted disscus-
sion as it is attempted, thus consuming the
people's tnoney, debating upon matters which
interest but a few. Instances of this kind are
so numerous that we-deem it unnecessary to
cite a single instance prudence, then, should
dictate to us as a people, the propriety of thus
early settling that question so far as we are
concerned, by meeting this first issue with a
firmness and decision which will teach all fu
ture speculators in stocks of whatever kind,
that the laws of the territory are not to be
trampled upon, and legislation baffled, but a
strict compliance with the provisions of their
charter will be demanded and enforced.
In advocating the repeal of the charter of
the Miners' Bank of Dubuque, we conceive
that the question of vested rights does not
come up in a shape to entitle it to considera
tion, the bank, by a total disregard of every
testriclion contained in the charter, having For
feited every privilege contained therein. But
still we shall hear the cry of vested rights, of
injury to its present stockholders, from ihuse
who are in favor of prolonging its existence.
Let us see with what plausibility they can
urge such reasons. If a chartcr such as that
of the Miners' Bank, partakes of the nature
of a contract, a failure on its part to comply
with the stipulations of the contract, destroys
its validity, ar/l relieves the other contracting
or implied. With the tame propriety riifgfft
it be argued that as a sale of a tract of land is
a contract, the purchaser may take possession
of it, and refuse payment therefor, pleading
in mamtainance of lii-s right of possession the
factihat he had made a CONTRACT for it, and
that the judiciary have no right to interfere
with a contract. The idea that a charter can
not be repealed for violations of its provisions
is glaringly absurd, especially when no con
sideration is given to the people for tbe privi
leges granted#
But it is asserted by the advocates of the
Bank, that the repeal of its charter would in
flict an injury upon its stockholders. Let
us view its history, with a hop, skip, and a
jump, and see how far they are entitled to the
tender mercies of the people. The charter re­
serves to the Legislature the power to repeal
the same for violations thereof, yet notwith
standing this reservation, tue Bank, at the ou
set, violated the only provision which gave se­
curity to its note holders, by issuing without
the requisite amount of specie in its vaults
issued post notes, without authority, ilius ob
taining interest on its debts, while the borrow
er was charged ii upon his—suspended when
ever specie was demanded for any considera
bio amount—resumed when her charter was
thought to be in danger—suspended again
then, its credit being down, its wealthy stock
holders purchased its notes at about twenty
five cents on the dollar, and knowing that ev
ery right had been forfeited, and that it could
not be revived under its old stockholders, sold
the stock to the Illinois Slate Bank concern
for what it was willing to give for the dull
prospect of obtaining a remission of its sins
by ihe Legislature. The present owners of
the charter purchased it with a full knowledge
of its history, and of course at such a price
only as they were willing to hazard for the
prospect of gain by its revival. Is it, then, a
breach of faith in the Legisletuie, to evercise
its reserved rights, in prohibiting a continua­
tion ot such a series of abuses? Will its re
peal inflict an injury upon its present stock
holders which they could not forsee or antici­
pate No—they made their purchases with a
perfect knowledge of its abuses, and in doubt
whether it would be permitted again to com
mence banking operations. Nor do those in
terested in its removal, or those who have be­
come its friends, attempt to justify the Bank, or
deny that it has forfeited its charter. They
seek the passage of an act recognizing the
charter as binding, that its future operations
might not be affected by former abuses, which
places the question just when it would be, were
it a proposition to charter a new bar.k, save
that if legalized by the Legislature, the sanc
tion of Congress is not essential to go into op
eration. Were ibey, instead of asking the re
vival of this institution, petition for a new
charter, we should view jj much more favora
Much as we are opposed to the system of
Banking, we shall never advocate ihe repeal
of an institution which performs Us contract
in good faith, according to promise but when
we see an effort making to baffle legislation,
by denying its power to repeal, and a judicial
officer shrinking from duty to save a rotten
concern, we must war against it, and will con­
tinue so to do, until it shall be acknowledged
that ihe power of law, in support of justice, is
superior to a corporation of any kind. That
our Legislature may never again be troubled
with such vexed questions, the people should
support no man for the Legislature who refu
ses to pledge himself to vote for its repeal, and
thus maintain the supremacy of the law.
jJv" Ex-Governor 13oggs of Missouri,is an­
nounced as an independent candidate for Gov­
ernor of that State.
jJT" From all parts of the Territory, and in
deed from all parts of the western country, we
hear that the wheat crop is unusually promis­
Rorpn has been charged by the Whigs with
having opposed tne fasi «&•, •«.«» ..
their satisfaction, no doubt. The following,
written by Wm. L. Stone, editor of the_New
Yorfc Commercial Advertiser, a whig^a^er,
sets him right before the country:
Avon, Livingston Cfo., N. Y.
February 24, 1844.
Sir:—For the purpose of settling a sub
ject of debate among some friends, who
agree to refer the matter to you, allow ine
to inquire what were the opinions and
conduct of Martin Van Buren in the early
stages of the war of 1812, touching the
policy of the war On what grounds did
he support De Witt Clinton lor tho Pres
idency, in opposition lo Mr. .Madison?
And what were Mr. Clinton's views in re
lation to the war and its continuance
We believe. Mr. Clinton to liave.be??.
the peace party candidate, and that Mr.
Van Buren supported him on that ground.
Will you have the kindness to set lis
right, either by answering it in the Com
mercial Advertiser, or by letter.
If by letter, we will not regard it as in
tended for publication. Your answer to
the above will much oblige many Whig
1 am* very respectfully-,
We prefer giving a public answer to the
foregoing communication, made, we doubt
not in good faith, for several reasons.—
Principal among these, is the strong ty
sire we have that justice should bo
to ail men, and wo think that
Van Buren was one of the earl^^c^rt
ers of Mr. Clinton for the office o»vte':i«
dent in the year 1812, in opposition: to
Mr. Madison, that he took part in the Re
publican legislative caucus of which iilr.
C. was first nominated. That caucus was
held, and that nomination was made, on
the 28th of May nearly a month before
the declaration of war. The elections in
this State were then held in April, aud the
political year commenced on the first
Monday of July. Mr. Van Buren had
been chosen to the Senate in April, fcut
was not of course, a member of the Leg
islature that made the nomination. His
Senatorial term commenced on the first
Monday in July and he first took his
seat at the extra ce?sion held in Novem
ber, to choose the Presidential! elector-?.
Furthermore, it is also true, that Sir.
Clinton became the candidate of
The war had not been actually declar
ed, it is true, but every intelligent mula
saw that it was inevitable, and very near
and it was feared, r.s the result proved,
that under Mr. Madison's administration
it would be feebly conducted. BelieVMI^
thus, that the times demanded an cxecu
livc of greater energy anil-force of charac
ter, the attention of many patriotic men of
both political parties, was directed else
where than to Virginia for a candidate
and from the high intellectual qualities of
Mr. Clinton, and the acknowledged ener
gy of his character, it was conceived that
he would prosecute the impendiug contest
with great vigor, and hring it to a more
steady and honorable close than could be
done by Mr. Madison.
This was the ground upon which he
was nominated, and upon whifih he was
supported by Mr. Van Buren, and such of
the old republican party as adhered to him
through the contest. As to the opinions
and conduct of Mr. Van Buren in the ear
ly stages of the war, we hv. reason to
know that liiey were not exactly in har
mony with the majority of the people of
this State, even of his own party at the
time i for it must here be mini
peace party." Yet it is not true thai he
was originally nominated as such, or that
Mr. Van Buren, after taking his seat in
the Legislature, supported him as such
He (Mr. C.,) was, in fact, driven into that
position by ihe force of circumstances:
and it is no more than justice to Mr Van
Buren lo say that after Mr. Clinton becime
identified with the peace party as their
candidate, his support of him became lan
guid. Indeed, we have reason to bciie\ e
that he thenceforward threw hi3 influence,
as far as he could do so, considering the
previous committal of the legislative cau
cus which he held to be binding upon the
party, in behalf of Mr. Madison. The
truth is, Mr. Clinton was never nominated
or supported as an opponent to the war*"
but directly the reverse. lie was thus
nominated and supported expressly upon
the ground that the crisis demanded a
more vigorous arm at the helm of State
than Mr. Madison's.
that a very decided majority of the repre
sentatives in Congress from the State of
York—withObadiali German in the
Senate at their head—voted against the
declaration of war, not, however, that they
held the contest to be unjust, but they be
lieved ihe country wholly unprepared for
war at the time, and consequently that the
declaration was inexpedient. Such, prob
ably, were the original views of Mr. Van
Buren—such* certainly, were the views of
Mr. Clinton.
But, the war having been declared, it is
due to Mr. Van Buren to say, that no pub
lic man in the State supported it more
thoroughly, heartily, and zealously thro1
out than he did. Such, we know, is not
the received opinion in many parts of the
country, especially in the distant States
and we frequently see attempts making,
in the presses opposed to him, to render
him unpopular by charging him with op
position to th£ war itself, as well as to Mr.
Madison. But the chargc is untrue.
Many of our political Iriends will scowl
upon us, we know, for our frankness on
«k(3 occasion. But we care not for that.
Justice lo an mcny :—_
we wish not to beat even Mr. Van Buren
by falsehood. We have, indeed, truth e
nough at our command to do that with.
jt7*The following 'matters and things,' we
see by the Congressional proceedings, have
been presented by Gen. Dodge:
Tho preamble and joint resolutions adopted
by the Legislature of Iowa at its last session,
requesting him lo urge upon Congress ihe
justice and propriety of paying the claims of
the citizens of that Territory for services ren
dered, and expenses incurred by them in resis
ting the attempts of the State of Missouri to
tak»5 possession of a portion of the country
within the limits of Iowa: refeirtd to the
Committee on ihe Militia. A memorial from
the same body, asking an appropriation to pay
ihe d«bts of previous legislatures: referred lo
Ihe Committee of Ways aud Means. A me
morial from tho same buoy, representing that
the mail facilities from the States east of the
Mississippi river to the Territory of Iowa, and
particulaily the cross tniil from Galena to the
interior cf Iowa, is, and has beer., inadequate
to the wants of the people of that section of
the country, and urgently asking to have a
weekly mail established, to be carried in post
caches from the city of Galena, in the State i
Illinois, to Iowa City, the capital of Iowa
Territory referred lo the Committee on Po.-.t
Office and Post Koads. A join resolution of
the same body, askiriji ihe establishment of a
post-route from Nanvo'». Illinois, to Montrose,
Iowa referred to the Committee on ihe Post
Office and Posi Kr*d*. A joint resolution of
the same body, asking Congress to delray the
expenses cf a treaty with tin1 Pottawatomie
Indians, and asking the removal of the Mis
souri, Sac and Fox, and Iowa Indians refer
red to ihe Committee on Indian Affairs. A
memorial from the samebody, requesting their
/lelojraie tJ ui& iils best exertions to obtain the
From Washington, \n Washington county, to
Keokuk court-hone thence to Mahaska court
house from Brighton, in Washington county,
by way of Richland, in Keokuk county to Ma
haska court-house from Fox Post Office in
Van Buren county via the county-seat of Da
vies county, to the centre of Appanoose coun
ty from Fairfield, via Agency City, Ottutu
wa, Eddyville, to ihe Six Mile Prairie, ir. Ma
haska county from Fairfield to Mahaska
court-honsc from Bloomingtun, via Moscow,
Tipton, Franklin, to Marion, in Linn connty
referred lo the Committee on the Post Ofiice
and Post Roards. A memorial from the same
body, representing tnat at '.heir last session an
act was passed incorporating the .Inksun coun
ty Academy, at the town of Andrew, in the
county of Jackson, tie object of which was to
establish a permanent and well-conducted in
stitution for the instruction of youth in the va
rious departments of learning, and lo dissemi
nate useful knowledge throughout the commu
nity, and praying Congress lo grant to said in
stitution a township, or thirty-six sections of
Hood land, for its endowment: referred to the
Commiite on Public Lands. A memorial
from the same body, praying Congress so to
amend the pre-emption laws as lo grant the
right of pre-emption to those who may have
settled upon the public lands prior to their sur
vey referred to the committee on Public
CONGRESSIONAL.—-In the Mouse of Repre
sentatives, on the 18th ult, Mr. Owen, from
the Committee on Roads, reported a bill ma
king appropriations, for certain improvements
in the Territory of Iowa. On the same day
Mr. J. W. Davis, from the Committee of Pub
lic Lands, to which was refeired the bill to di
rect the President of the United States to cause
the reserved lead mines in the State of Illi
nois, and Territories of Wisconsin and Iowa,
to be exposed to public aale, reported an a
mendatory bill which was Tead twice, and
referred to ihe Committee of the Whole House
on the state of the Union. On motion of Mr.
J. W. Davis, Ordered, That the Committee
on Public Lands be discharged from the con
sideration of the memorial of the legislature
for the sale of the reserved mineral lands, and
the issuing of patents for lafld3 heretofore sold
and that it do lie on the table.—Ter. Gaz.
annmano the highest prices, and they offer
^100 a ton in Louisville as an advance on con
signments. There is no longer a shadow of
doubt that all the good water-rotted hemp that
can be produced can be sold readily at high
HEMP.—The culture of this staple article is
unquesiionably ihe most profitable a farmer
can now turn his attention to, and we are led
to believe lhat were our farmers in the Ter
ritory to turn their attention to the culture of
hemp Instead of corn and the raising of pork,
they would reap for iheir labor a much great
er reward than they now are enabled to do. It
is evident from the prices now paid for this ar
ticle, and the ready market wbich is afforded
for the sale of it, should at once be an induce
ment for our farmers to make a trial of i for
we are well satisfied that it would yield them
a greater profit than that of any other agricul
tural staple they can now raise. The Louis
ville Journal, of the 10th ult., contains the fol
lowing paragraph,which is important to those
who wish to go into the culture of hemp. It
says: We have bean favored with the pe
rusalof a letter on the subject of hemp from a
highly respectable house in New Y'ork.—
They represent that American water-rotted
hemp, free from hurds and tow, and pat up in
beads (hanks) of 12 to 15 lbs., will readily iwm the Gulf by water, which,rby vigilance,
ftrtrmnnno tha hirrh^ct nri^oa anH aATa*
be seen by our last Congressional report that
the following resolution was yesterday rejected
in the Senate by a vote of 18 to 28
Resolved, That the Presideut of the United
Slates be requested to give notice to the Brit
ish Government lhat it is the desire of the Gov
ernment of the United Slates to annul and ab
rogate the provisions of the 3d article of the
convention concluded between 'he QU.CUIUIUIU
of the United Stales of America and his Brit
anic Majesty, the King of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and lrelaud, on the 20th Oc
tober, 1818, and indefinitely continued between
the same parties, signed at London th%6th Au
gust, 1827.
A letter from Gen. Jackson to the Hon. A.
V. Brown, comes to us in the Globe. The
letter was written a year since, but it will be
read now with interest, as it discusses a very
important question in a very succinct and able
manner. On all question affecting the inter
est and honor of the country, both t)ie feelings
and views of Gen. Jackson are such as cannot
fail to be approved by ihe American people.
HERMITAGE, Feb. 12, 1843*.
My Dear Sir:—Yours of ihe 23d ult. has
been received, and with it the Madisonian,
'•nntaininf Governor Gilmer s letter on the
subject oritie antieXanoi. ihn Uni
ted States.
You are not mistaken in supposing that I
have formed an opinion on ibis interesting
subject. It occupied much of ray attention
during my presidency, and I am sure has lost
none of its importance by what has since
Soon after my election in 1829, it was made
known to me by Mr. Krwin, formerly our
minister, at the court of Madrid, that whilst
at that court lie had laid the foundation of a
treaty with Spain for ihe cession of the Flori
das, and the settlement of the boundary of
Louisiana, fixing the western limit of the lat
ter at the Rio Grande,* agreeably to the un
derstanding of France—that he had written
home to our Government for powers to com
pete and sign this negotiation but ihut, instead
of receiving such authority, the negotiation
was taken out of his hands and transferred to
Washington, and a new treaty was there con
eluded, by which the Sabine, and not tho Rio
Grande, was reeogniz« and established as the
boundary of Louisiana.
Finding lhat these statements were true,
and lhat uur government did realiy give up
that important territory, when it was at its op
(ion to retain it, I was tilled with astonishment.
The right to the territory was obtained from
France: Spain stood ready to acknowledge
it to the Rio Grande and yet the authority
asked by our minister to insert the true bouc
dary was not only withheld, but in lieu of it,
a limit was adopted which stripped us of the
whole of the vast country lying between the
iwo rivers.
On such a subject, 1 thought with, the an
clent Roman's lhat it was right never to cede
any land or boundary of the republic, but al
ways lo add to it by honorable treaty, thus ex
tending the area of freedom and il was in ac
cordance with this leelmg that 1 gave our min
ister i Mexico, instrucuous lo euier upon a
negotiation for ih« retrocession of Texas to the
ui.iteu mates.
1 his negotiation failed, and shall ever re
gret it as a misfortune to both Mexico and the
United States. Mr. Gilmer's letter presents
many of the considerations which, in my judg
ment, rendered tlie step uecessary to the peace
harmony ot the two countries but the
point in it at lhat time which most strongly
impelled me to the course 1 pursued, was The
injustice done to us by the surrender of the
territory, when it was cbvious lhat it could
have been retained without increasing the con
sideration afterwards given for the 1' iojidas.—
1 could not but feel that the surrender of so
-vast and important a territory was attributable
to an erroneous estimate ot the tendency of our
institutions, in which there was mingled some
what ot jealousy of the rising greatness of the
South and West.
But 1 forbear to dwell on this part of the
history of this question. It is past, and can
not now be undone. We can now only look
at it as one of annexation, if Texas presents it
to us and if
|,u Jooo, I Uu not tiesnate to
say that the welfare and happiness of our U
nion Tequire that it should be accepted.
If in a military point of view alone, the
question be examined, it will be found to be
luost important to the United States lo be in
possession ot that territory.
Great Britain has already made treaties
with Texas and we know that far-seeing na
tion never omits a circumstance in her exten
sive intercourse with the world, which can be
turned to account in increasing her military re
sources. May she not enter into an alliance
with Texas and, reserving (as she doubtless
will,) the northwestern boundary question, as
a cause of war with us whenever she chooses
to declare it. Let ns suppose that, as an al
ly with Texas, we are to fight her! Prepar
atory to 6uch a movement, she sends her 20,
000 or 30,000 men to Texas organizes ihetn
on the Sabine, where her supplies and arms
can be concentrated before we have even no
tice of her intentions makes a lodgement on
the Mississippi excites the negroes to insur
rection the lower country falls, and with it
New Orleans and a servile war rages through
the whole South and West.
In the mean while, she is also moving an
army along the upper western frontier from
Canada, which, in co-operation with the army
from Texas, spreads ruin and havoc from the
Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico.
Who can estimate the national loss we may
sustain, before such a movement could be re
pelled with such force as we could organize on
short notice?
Remember that Texas borders upon us, on
our west, to 42 deg. of north latitude, and is
our southern boundary to the Pacific. Re
member, al^p, that if annexed to the United
States, our western boundary would be the
Rio Grande, which is, of itself, a fortification,
on account of its extensive, barren, and unin
habitable plains. With such a barrier on our
west, we are invincible. The whole Europe
an world could not, in combination against us,
make an impression on our Union—population
on the Pacific would rapidly increase and soon
be strong enough for the protection of our east
ern whalers, aud, in the worst event, could al
ways be sustained by timely aids from tlie in
termediate country.
From the Rio Grande, over land, a large ar
my could not march, or be supplied, unless
could always be intercepted 7n7^
army near the Gulf, they could hi !®arfh
bv militia, and dpiaind "arras
that measure.
could k. L„"
by militia, and detained until an
force could be raised to meet
the circle of free institutions, and is
to the United States, particularly as
the probabilities of future collision
eign powers, and giving them greater
cy spreading the blessings of peace
w i n o w i I a v e e e e
can be placed in your possession,if
ing t-loquent passage from Ganesvoort \\t
ville'rt late address in New York, at tlie Ji(
son Jubiiee:
There are two leading iraits in tU
character, which should not pags oiinace.
here. Their strong domestic affections, ::j
unquenchable love of country, [cheers
low the Irish exile, driven forth by thesaJcs:
dilion of things at home—fjjr, disunite if
you may. the true source of poverty andwM
edness of the Irish people lies iu inisjotta
ment and oppressive laws—the exile s'etiii
home and country elsewhere but vhtrtfl
he may be, wander where he will, betitj
forgets the mother teat watched over bis
fancy, the companions of bis youth, «ttit
land £*.±„^«tiVaers.
"Deprive hiin of everything that KJ
life desirable, impair his health, strip!
his property—take friend and reimi.
his tide steep him lo the very lips in ihto
whelming slough of poverty, you may dep..
him of all else, hut you cannot WIISJ iri
him his love of country. [Great cbee
I hat pure and unselfish love will burn bum
a brighter ray amid the atmosphere of pei
and privation, and the death-lamps of desja
Weaken his body by disease, sirelelii
on the couch of sickness and the bt] ofii
his thoughts far away, the home of his cV
hood flits before his glazing vision, ar.d i
as the parting spirit wings its flight, n::l
his heari find an echo lo the crv ut "Ens
vourneen Erin go bragh
For the information of the
N. Y. Sun.
That this boundary could have been obtained,
was doubtless the belief of our minister in Spain
but the offer of the Spanish Government was proba
blythe Colorado-—certainly a line far west of the Sa
I V 1
But I am io danger of running
sary detail, which my debilii/wi|?
We me lo close. The quesiio,, j8 in» la
eat, also, as it affects our domestic
and as it mav h»« -r-- mcju'/.^'ions
i will not undertake to follow it oui
sequences in those respects thou„j
say that, in all its aspects, the anJj' "sc
Texas to the United States promises to
I return you my thanks for your kind I
on this subject, and subscribe mvsnir !T
great sincerity,
Your friend and obedient lervan,
lion. A. V.
P. S. The papers furnished
me (l v
A. i
VMWWU—The Richmond Enquirer
We do not entertain a moinentVdooLi
the success of the Republican ticket i
Stale, in November next, by several thm,
never felt more confident of v
event, which was in iho womb nf
Old Virginia will never desert her an i
ciples. A„dI the
have received from every section of theX
assure us, that the Republicans, ifU»
selves, and true to their cause, will
Common wealth by a tremendous
TEXAS The Harrisburg Jntc!!i2encer
learns from 'reliable sources al wiiS
ton, that the Whig members of the Senate
have held a caucus, at which ihey un
oFfexas ^ree^
more American thinks that the rejection!
by the Ilouse of Representative*, cfih
McKay s motion to make the tariff biil'4
order of the day for a given dav,
regarded as a strong indication of ita'J
favorable disposition of the
several townships, we should state,
law passed at the last session of ii/a
tore it is made the duty of each
his township on the first day of
his return lo the Clerk of the
Commissioners on or before the s£^:i
day in June Ter. Gaz.
THE LAWS.—Should we not be
in our expectation cf receiving a
paper from St. Louis in the course
days, the printing of the statute lws
completed by the close of next week,acj
ies will be ready for delivery early
following.—Ter. Gaz.
All the Texan prisoners have beflj
leased by the Mexicans, at the
our able Minister, Waddy Thonip5"1
St. Louis Organ.
RUMOR—A rumor was rifeyesteru
this city, that Fanny Kemble Bmerj
about to separate from her litisbaatl
return to England. The only
decide between the nvo Parl'es lLj|
be in relation to the disposal of' 1
dren. Mrs. Builer has warm ln«T
mong the lady liter^tlj#^
EMIGRATION.—The amount I
this ciiy is very great, hvery'
crowded with passengers, both
the cabin. The Massachusetts
terday evening covered with
Several thousand arrive here
steam boats. Would it not he
land holders and capitalists10
n'" ffll
ments for a larger number of'
to settle in or near our city. ,,•.
sands of city lots, and ihousan
land, that they might occupy
tho propor stppn were taken
holders to induce them to o
New Era. ___
—The anual Methodist Con
ting in Washington. It
The members of the Con.:sn)«sl
excited on the subject, and t_ .fbtf
of the Church is boldly spo
posing parties.
—It was deeided by Judg .ay, tij
York Circuit Court, on Sa
born abroad, aud notoatur^
u propertjr dev^ed
but an amicable termination' ®.^-jl
ing cause is the Slavery q"es Jiaii^l
to mix itself up through all
ing to
'3. 'pi
n i'.i
ui couut,
lf! iaiPri*onD
•H B,

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