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5S fi? Vv-V (Kp: INFORMATION ABOUT PAVING 1& •. 4" l^'"7 What the Publishers of "Concrete" Have to Say About Building Roads and Street Pave menta. S:V.V.:, &L PROVEN ^.SATISFACTORY 888 .... .. v-SP^t The Important Thing is Bight Spec- ifications and Strict '•I ,si Comjdismcet^Mr The Freeman-Tribune is in receipt of the following eelf-explanatory let ter: Detroit, Mich.. Dec. 16.—Freeman Tribune, Webster City, Iowa.—We are very glad to have your letter •bout" concrete paving in Webster City and to do whatever we consci entiously can do to further the use of concrete paving. Concrete will bare to fight its way to recognition as a superior paving material, just as it has had to combat every step of the way Cor adoption for other structural purposes—by sheer force of merit. Perhaps the greatest obstacle in the way lies in a popular notion that concrete is a variety of mud thrown together out of a hetero geneous mass of ^materials with a little cement thrown in to hold the pieoes together. It was only the other day that a New York newspa per, in its editorial columns, referr ed to concrete as a variety of mud. The most important thing in lay Ing a good pavement of concrete ia in having a good specification to •tart with and strict supervision throughout the entire operation. The fact that concrete is made out of such common materials as gravel, •and and broken stone, the quality of which however is highly import ant, makes it possible for the un scrupulous contractor to skimp his work and turn out a product which gives a black eye to the whole in dustry. Concrete pavements have been successfully laid In many cities sind in some cases have been down long enough to prove beyond a doubt that the material is a lasting one for the purpose. Bellefontaine, Ohio, and Rich mond, Indiana, are two of the first place* in this country to lay con crete pavements. The Bellefontaine pavement was put down more than seventeen years ago, and the Rich mond pavement, thirteen years ago. Both of these pavements are in ex cellent condition today. Concrete paving is by no means restricted to the small city. Thousands of yards aire giving excellent service under heavy traffic in Chicago, Washing ton, Philadelphia, and elsewhere!? 7- The Bellefontaine pavement con trtsts of a 4" Portland cement con crete base made of a 1:4 machine mix of cement and gravel, and a 2" wearing surface consisting of a 1:1 mixture of cement and screened black sand. The base concrete was mixed rather dry and well tamped, and on this the top coat was laid immediately, or as fast as the sec ond gang could follow the men lay ing the base. The concrete is made in stripe 5' wide, parallel with the curb and extending the full length of the area paved. These strips af terwards were cut crosswise so that the pavement really consists of blocks 5' square. No expansion Joints were used. The top was giv en a smooth, sidewalk finish. The aggregates were carefully selected. The pavement laid in Mason City, Iowa, which has given excellent sat isfaction, consists of a foundation course 6" thick, composed of 1 part Portland cement, 2 parts of clean •and and 5 parts of to 1%" screened stone. On top of this is a wearing surface t" thick composed of part cement, 2 parts clean, coarse, sharp sand. Expansion Joints were made along the curb and trans versely across the pavement every twenty-five feet. In between these tweoty-flve foot sections a contrac tion Joint was provided for wide. The expansion joints were filled with asphaltic filler and the contraction joints were carefully fin ished off so that there would be no •harp edges to chip. The Mason pity paving cost $1.26 per square yard, which includes 7" of excavation. Crushed rock, deliv ered, ooit 11.85 per cu. yd., sand. 9.86 per cu. yd., cement, $1.20 per barrel, labor, 82.00 to $2.50 per 4ay. Concrete road* laid by the board of County Road Commissioners, Wayne county, Michigan, (thirty miles of them laid within the last three or four years) are giving the very best of satisfaction, under se vere traffic tests. These concrete roads have been laid on highways which are^ the extensions of the main thoroughfares of the city of Detroit. These concrete roads are laid in two courses—there is but one mix of concrete, top to bottom, and in *most oases the concrete is 7" deep and 15' wide. It is composed of a mixture of 1 part Portland cement, 1% parts of screened, washed sapd, and 3 parte of pebbles, these last named well graded from to 1%". A patent expansion joint is used made of soft steel. This con sists of a plate 3-16" thick from which shear members are punched and these are pulled out, so that they project into the concrete at the end of each section, two plates being used between sections, and between plates two thicknesses of asphalt felt. These plates are first carefully formed to the curvature of the road. The Board of County Road Com missioners have, their own equip ment and build their own pave ment. Some of the early pavements were laid on contract. These roads have cost complete, including drain age, culverts and gravel shoulders, from 81.10 to $1.80 per sq. yd., the cost depending to a very great^ ex tent upon the distance J)etween the scene of operations and the base of supplies. Labor charge is rather high and it is necessary to board the men at some distance from the city, in construction camps, so you see that these conditions fully explain the variable cost figure. A rather detailed^ description of the road building methods of the Wayne County Road Commissioners was published in the October issue of Concrete,„ copy of which was sent to you. £^"'4^ .0^" The writer asked County Road Commissioner Hines this morning about the number of cracks which have come in the pavement. In thirty miles of concrete pavement laid In 25' sections there are about 6,300 sections. In a little less than 100 of these sections, small and rather unimportant cracks have come. However, if the first three and a half miles of pavement laid by Wayne county be eliminated from this record, because on this first stretch the methods being not so carefully thought out as they are now, the result will show a still better record- In other words, ful ly of the cracks which have come are in the first three „ahd a half miles, leaving less than 40 cracks in about 5,700 sections, in the pave ment which has since been put down. This is about 7-10 of one per cent of cracked sections. We consider that an approximation of perfection which is worth while. This Is made possible because the cement is carefully tested, the best graded and washed aggregates are used and there Is a careful Inspec tion In every stage of the operation. Tou inquire as to the amount of materials required. For a mixture of 1:2:5 you will require 1.17 bar rele of cement, .36 cu. yds sand and .89 cu. yds of stone. It is the opin ion of the Wayne County Road Com missioners that gravel makes a bet ter wearing pavement than crushed limestone, and we call your atten tion in this connection to the mix ture used in Waynie county, men tioned above. As to your belief that a good con crete pavement can be laid In your city for $.1.00 to $1.25 per sq. yd., we think you are right, because your materials will cost much less than they cost in Wayne county, Michigan. The Board of County Road Commissioners have been pay ing $1.12 for cement, .95 a ton for sand, and .95 to $1.10 a ton for peb bles. We suggest, however, that a few cents saving in cost be not urg ed too strongly in selecting the ma terials from which concrete is to be made. A few cents additional ex pense at the outset may mean many dollars in wearing value. There Is no question at all but concrete gives the cheapest pave ment In the world, and when we say cheapest we mean the maximum of service for a minimum of annual cost. As the cost must not be con sidered without looking ahead, the annual cost of the pavement is the real measure of Its value. If we can give you any further information which wiH be of value to you, do not hesitate to call upon us. Very slncersly, Concrete Publishing Company. Harry Vftilpple. -'-Associate Editor. Large line of alee clocks at Teed ft Teed**. 7dlttXf2 For sale, fine Poland China male hogs. Inquire of Frank Stahl. Mar tin phone 2619. tlfl* Go to Lavender with your gaso line engine trouble*. Corner Seneca and Bank. l2-14t-flmo Largest display of eat glass ever In the city, at Teed ft Teedla. EAGLE GROVE VICTORIOUS Visiting High. School Debating Team Defeat Webster City High School Represen tives. wrr.T.n in METHODIST CHURCH Attendance was Very Taking Part Made Very Pine Showing. Eagle Grove won the mastery ov er the local debating team Friday evening In..the contest held at the Methodist chtirch. The decision of the judges stood two for the visitors and one for the home students. The attendance at the debate was very small. The work done is said by the Judges to be some, of the finest high school debating they have ever heard. The honors were very even ly divided, as every contestant did his share. However, the visitors managed to return to their homes victors after much argument on the part of the judges. The defeat re ceived by the locals eliminates them from the other contests held by the state high school debating league. The subject for debate Friday night was, "Resolved That the movement of the eloeed shop should receive the support of public opinion." Web ster City argued the affirmative while their opponents had the nega tive. Owing to the small attendance it Is not definitely known as to whether other contests of the kind will be held in this city. However, the locals have scheduled two other meetings, one of which is with Ames and the other with Boone. These contests are to be dual debates and have nothing to do with the state championship. The team from Eagle Grove are certainly a fine lot of de baters and display very good drain ing. Friday evening's victory is the second they have won. The judges were Superintendent of schools, .T. R. McCombs, Emmets burg Hon. I. C. Hastings, Algona Principal J. Wooley, Iowa Falls. The contestants for Eagle Grove were Clarence Barnee, Harry Warnes, Harold Hyman. For Webster City, Louis Richardson, Lila Weedman, Clinton McCarthy. Buy your harness at GTempel's. Largest stock, best In quality and workmanship. Prices right, d-f-tf Take your winter auto overhaul ing to Lavender. Corner Seneca and Bank. 12-14t-flmo THUMB SEVERED FROM HAND BY SAW I. K. Benaheni, Bank Street Resi dent, Meets Accident With Steam Saw Mill. I. K. Benahem, who resides on Bast Bank street, received a very painful Injury Saturday while em ployed at sawing wood with a steam saw mill at the Wm.j.Wllke home on Seneca street Mr. Benaham was in the act of throwing a stick of wood when the saw caught his hand, severing the thumb and lacerating the hand In a very sdHous manner. He was at once taken to a physician and the wound dressed. He suffered the loss of his thumb and it was necessary for the physician to take several stitches in the hand. The accident was a very unfortunate one. Good holiday goods at Teed's. Resolution. Whereas, the Grim Reaper, Death, has removed from our lodge,'Sister Rosina Wlltsey Therefore, ~be It resolved by Web ster City Lodge, No. 97. Brother hood of America, that in the death of Sister Wlltsey, we have not only lost a tnie and faithful member, but also each member has lost a loyal friend. Be it further resolved that our charter be draped In mourning for thirty days, and this resolution be published in our local paper. Committee. Wireless umbrellaa for ladies and gentlemen up to fifteen dollars at Teed 4k Teed'a. 7dl2t2f3 Strong Heart Ollvea (plain and stuffed) the finest you ever saw, at Sheldon'*. 15d8 I Personal Briefs (From Saturday's Dally). —Mrs. L. J. Nott is visiting in Eagle Grove with her son, J. L. Nott. '-'x —Mrs. Margie Hunter-Smiley and young son, Dwight, of Washington, D. C., arrived in town this morn ing for a holiday visit with her par ents, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Hunter. —Miss Pearl Neel arrived home today from Grlnnell to spend her Christmas vacation. —Kenneth Glover arrived here last evening to spend a month with his father, C. F. Gardner. He is a commercial traveler with headquar ters in Des Moines. —Miss Mary Lynch of Eagle Grove visited with Miss Marybelle Olmstead yesterday. —Warren Bair was a business caller in Eagle Grove yesterday. —Roy Rutledge of Kamrar Is in the city today. —Mrs. Jessie Austin-Boys, daugh ter of Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Austin, ar rived home last evening for a few days. Mrs. Boys is doing domestic science work in county farmer's in rtitutes, under direction of the Ex tension Department of the Iowa State College at Ames and spends most of her time in traveling. —Mrs. Ralph Baldwin and daugh ter, Abble, returned home yesterday after a four months visit in Colora do Springs, Colorado, with relatives. —Lane Corbin of Homer is in town today. —W. S. Weston and1 family leave tomorrow for Washington, D. C., where Mr. W.. will take up his du ties as private secretary to Senator Kenyon. —Mrs. Clara Call of Osage arriv ed here today for a visit at the Rev. L. N. Call home. —Mrs. A. J. Leonard is spending the day in Woolstock. —Mrs. C. Stlpp of Petersen* visit ed friends here today while on her way to Williams. —Verne Shaffer of Eagle Grove was in the city last evening. —Mrs. J. Beam of Ledyard arriv ed here today to visit her daughter, Mrs. W. E. Brown. —Miss Ada Haukohl of Eagle Grove ia in town, visiting Miss Ruth Maagv Social Affairs BIRTHDAY PARTY. Thursday evening at the A. W. Cater home on Superior street, Miss Myrtle Cater and Miss Gertie Mat tlce celebrated their birthdays by entertaining the Martin telephone girls. The evening was spent in games and music and at a late hour refreshments were served. The hos tesses were the recipients of many n8eful gifts. A fine time is reported. THE COMMITTEE IN SIOUX CITY Gentlemen on the Junketing Trip Spend a Day in Iowa's Western Metropolis. _____ Sioux City Tribune: Seeking in formation as to the value of various kinds of paving, a party of Webster City city officials ,and business men visited Sioux City today. They met the local councllmen, the city engin eer and M. L. Flinn, of the Flinn ft Hanlon paving concern. Mr. Flinn furnished most of the Information. He said concrete pav ing, in his opinion, was better than any other kind. From 70,000 to 80, 000 yards of it had been laid by him, he said, and he had never found a crack du« to wear or ele ments. It will be a number of years before it Is In need of repairs, was his assertion. Concrete paving soon will be laid in the business district, predicted Mr. Flinn, because it Is cheaper and more durable. K. C. Qaynor, city engineer, made some acid tests on samples of pav ing that proved the worth of con crete. In the Webster City party were: John Essig. Weldon Helmlck, B. F. Paine, O. N. Ross. Bid Garth and W. I*. Whit ham, councllmen C. H. Cur rle, city engineer J. W. Young, C. H. Clifton and S. S. Parkhurst At present Webster City has three miles of brick block paving. The party will visit Council Blulb, Shenandoah, Grlnnell, Mar shalltown and Des Moines. Holidays at Teed'a. 7dl8tlf2 The newest In lavaltieree, lockets, chains, toilet sets, fobs, rings, etc., at Ripper**. Headquarters for Xmas. 2%. THAT PAVING REPAIR WORK Webster City Has an Official Who Doesn't Know Asphalt From Concrete When he Sees It. ANOTHER CANARD EXPLODED. Truth of the Marshalltown Situation Told by a Man Who is, on the Ground. The Webster City Herald: this week contained an article under a scare head line telling of the failure of concrete paving at Marshalltown. declaring that a "local city official" had visited Marshalltown and: found that—' First. Mayor. Jones considered concrete paving experimental: in Marshalltown because it had been put down this summer. Second. Recently it was found necessary to relay, half a block of the new paving which had: failed to give satisfaction. Third. While tie "local official" presumably a member of the Web ster City council1—was in Marshall town he witnessed repair work be ing done- quite extensively four blocks southi of the Pilgrim hotel-- The Freeman-Tribune sent a copy of the paper to D. W. Norris at Mar shalltown and asked him how far the "local city official" and the Her ald had eeme from the truth. Mr. Norris writes as follows: If your city council does not learn more about paving than this "local official" I pity your property ownew. for he evidently does not know as phalt paving when he sees it. The repair work being done south of the Pilgrim hotel was on an asphalt street which had worn out so feadly that many of the holes eould not have been filled with three wagon loads of cinders each. We had to start suit to get the contractors to do the repairing and waited over a year for them then. This is the sec ond time they have been forced to repair this street In seven years and this time they offered to resurface with brick If we would let them off from their bend which runs five years longer. Remember that asphalt is much the same as bitumen, which Is used In the bitullthlc top which Grlnnell has already begun to repair after one year's use. Our mayor is like your own city officials In that he had never inves tigated concrete paving before. He was elected last spring and In his platform promised our property own ers concrete paving because it had become popular through publicity. He Investigated Mason City's con crete which had stood the teet. He gave us a good job seven inches thick at $1.18 per yard and he will never live long enough to see It wear out. I have been assessed for nearly $600- of it in front of my residence property. The concrete relaid was done while the contractor was still on the original work. He laid several blocks of concrete resurfacing on top of an old concrete base under a brick pavement which had worn completely out. The lyoperty own ers, desiring to make the city pay for the re-surfacing, were looking for their chance and discovered that in some places the new concrete was not full five inches thick as specl BetTnnd in order to protect the city the council ordered some of this new work done over. You will find it worth while. Mr. Hunter, to investigate every paving story you hear. It Is amazing how misleading half truths can some times be stated. D. W. Norris. Jr. Colored Orchestra Coming. Brown ft Keyes, the dancing teacbers. have another treat in store for their patrons on the date of Dec. 22nd. The music for this danc ing party will be furnished by the Carroll orchestra of four pieces. They are also singers and furnish vocal music along with their orches tra numbers. The members are col ored people and are considered one of the best dance orchestras In the state. Stockholders Meeting. The annual meeting of the stock holders of The Farmers National Bank for the elation of directors for the ensuing year will be held at thair banking room In Webster City, Iowa, on Tuesday, Jan. 9, 1911. be tween the hours of 1 and 4 p. m. 39f4 J. H. Shlpp. Cashier. A A M. A A A A A A A.* A. A A A A. A 1 The. A. rTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTvTvy I Little Wonder Cafe RorrYouK'UMk Short Order** ate all' Honrs. Tobacco andt Cigars. Opposite Market Square. SYLVESTER FOttTAN, Mgr. VINCENT SELBiSR, Prop. RAILROAD TIME TABLES. ILLINOIS' CENTRAL. Leave Webster City—East Bound: No. 2, Chicago Lhnited. .10:12 pm No. 4i Chicago Express.. 12:07 No. 6. Chicago. Express.. .7:00 am No.' 22. Dubuque Express. .3:00 No. 94^ Local Freight 9:00 am Leave Webster City—West Bound: No, 1, Qmaba* S. City Llm.2:52am No. 8, Ft. Dodge Express. .8:15 pm No. 5. Oraaba-S City M. 11.23 am No. 21, Ft. Dodge Bx 11:08am No. 93, Local Freight 3:00 am No. 21 runs only to Fort Dodge. No. 6 goes to Omaha and SiouX' City. CHICAGO ft NORTHWESTERN. Going South and East No. 12, Des Moines Pass..8:07am No. 4i Chicago Express.. .8:56 pm No. 24t Ia. is Dak. Ex... 10:10pm No. 30i Way Freight 9:00 am Going North and West. No. 25* Ia. ft Dak. Ex 7:05am No. & Ia. ft Dak. Pass. .11:55am No. 11, Eagle Grove Pass. .7:58pm No. 21, Way Freight 2:69 pa BASKET BALL MEN HAVE HARD WORK Girl Athletes Will Probably not be Represented by Basket Ball Team This Tear. Practice of the local high school basket ball team is going on every evening In the high school gymnas ium. As- yet the regular team has not been choeen by Coach Moyer. This lateness in naming the first squad is owing to the fact that ao much good material is at hand It Is hard to decide the matter. Coach Moyer is giving the men the same grueling workouts that the football men underwent The girls of the high school will probably have no basket ball team this year. Although they have been represented by a very strong team for several seasons this year the en thusiasm does not warrant the or ganization of a girls' squad. How ever, some of the classes may have a girls' team. The first squad this year are expected to develop a much faster team than they had last year. Among the schools which they will contest for basket ball honors will be some of the fast ones. The rule against smoking by the athletes is being strictly lived up to by them. This abstinence from the habit it is expected will make a great differ ence In their staying qualities. Many cities have been heard from In answer to inquiries for games by the local coach, but as it is neces sary to have a signed contract, the winter's schedule Is not yet com plete. LAKE SUPERIOR FRESH FROZEN AND SALT HERRING}. Daily canght, direct from the fish ermen, and absolutely the best Fresh froxen, $3.25 per 100 lbs. New salted, $3 per 100 lb. keg. Dis count in large quantities. Prompt shipments. For other kinds of fish write to S. Hang, West Dslnth, Minn. 12-llf8t3 Real Estate Transfers. M. W. Soott to John McCarley— wd—lot 29. V. C. C. replat, Blaif®: burg.—$176.00. John Wepel et al to Dick Cook— wd—lots 19. 20, 21, blk 5, Kamrar, —$987.60. John Watson to Minor Runyon— wd—lots 13, 14, 15 and 16. blk 1, Frost's addition, Williams.—$380. G. W. Elliott and wf to Joanna Beem—wd—lot 7. blk 10. W. C.— $650.00. C. J. Pitcher to Hannah L. Pitch* er—wd—lots 4 and 6, blk 107. D. ft P. R. R. addition. W. C.—$1.00. Geo. W. Lee and wf to B. W. Garth and L. C. Zublln—wd—tract in sw sw 33-89-25.—$50.00. W. L. Whltham and wf to A. J* Peterson—wd—lot 2, blk "D" R. R. addition. W. €.—$350.00. A. Boyten. Dentist, Seeoad St. A new Ford car. fully equipped, with presto tank and $16 master vibrator extra, for sale for $$60, If taken at once. f,' 114$ Balr, Ferrell ft Co.